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Harbarti College Ittirarp 

bri(;hi lkgacy 

Onr half the tiii.-uin« from ihit l.egACf, which wat rr- 
crirrJ to iHthj under (be «tli uf 

of WAJtham, Ma»*achu»cti*, u fu be txpr:Ard fnt tKxikt 
fur the College Library. The other half of the tocume 
li dc*oteil to •chuiarthip* *.d Harvard L' Diversity for the 
beoett of deacendaat* of 

who died at Waicnowa, MaMachutetit, lo 16V*. la the 
abaeoce of such dcBceodantt. other pervoat are eligible 
to the kcbolarthipt. The will requtrefl that thti aaooaacc- 
■eot thali b« aadc in rrery book a4dc4 to the Llbratf 
■Bder \t» prorlitoat. 





laretfcnta ta iatfy ttmita at ^orluunrnt ig Commintt at Scr ^IxfiAp. 




ratrrwu to ths qctebs'b noer sicaLLUT vuistt. 

And to to porelBied, either dlieotlj or tUroocb IDJ BoakieUer. Iram 

BTRE AHD SPOTTISVOODE, Ejlsi Habdisq Stbbit, Flfir Street, E.C..I 

3i,Ausooos STBMSt.'VBtTXiimBa.B.V.i or 

JOHN MKNZIEB A Co., U. Hasovsb Stbeit, £i>:!iBDBQn. nncl 

88 Bud 90, West Nili Stbkbt, QlaBOOW -, or 

HODGES, riGOIS, A Co, lOi Ounoir aruBT, DttBUs. 


[C— 6338.-I.] JPW« 2*. 6d. 



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1 SEP B 1891 


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The Duke of Beaufobt - - . .1 

John Hbivbt GuRNETy Esq. - - • - - 116 

William W. B. Hulton, Esq. .... 165 

R. W. Ketton, Esq. ----.• 179 

The Earl of Donoughmore ^ . - . - 227 

'George A. Aitken, Esq. . - . - . 334 

Philip Y. SmTHy Esq. ..... 343 

The Bishop of Elt ...... 375 

The Dean and Chapter of Elt .... 3g0 

The Dean and Chapter of Gloucester ... 397 

The Corporation of Gloucester .... 400 

The Corporation of Highau Ferrers ... 530 

The Corporation of Newark .... 538 

Southwell Minster ...... 539 

The Dean and Chapter of Lincoln ... 553 

The Lincoln District Registry .... 573 

The Dean and Chapter of Peterborough - - 580 

60050. A 2 



With the exception of some interesting letters from Charles I. to the usa, ov tub- 
Marquis of Worcester, and a few family letters of the Commonwealth bbaufoot 
period, the papers described in this Report belong almost exclusivelj to — 

the latter half of the 1 7th century. All other documents belonging to 
the family of an earlier date were probably dispersed, or destroyed, 
at the sack of Raglan Castle during the Civil War. To this calamity 
must be attributed the absence, from a place where they would naturally 
be preserved, of almost all traces of the life and works of the author of 
the Century of Inventions, 

The greater part of the historical papers now extant at Badminton 
fall within the lifetime of the first Duke of Beaufort, and seem to have 
been collected and preserved by him and the Duchess. They comprise 
a correspondence between her and her father, Arthur, Lord Uapel ; her 
correspondence with her first husband. Lord Beauchamp ; and also a 
very full correspondence between herself and her second husband, 
wiccessivoly. Lord Herbert, Marquis of Worcester, and Duke of Beaufort. 
These letters are historically valuable on account of the close connexion 
between ihe Marquis and the King, and the prominent and active posi- 
tion occupied by the Marquis in the political movements of the time. 
Perhaps the most curious pa8sage is one in a letter written from Oxford, 
irhere he describes how he was tricked by Lord Shaftesbury into presenting 
to the King a proposal for the nomination of the Duke of Monmouth as 
beir to the Crown. Besides this correspondence, there are other papers 
)f interest. One is a description of Raglan Castle in the- days of its 
jlory, written by an old servant of the house. Others are an autograph 
uemorandum by the second Marquis of Worcester of his services and 
sxpenses on behalf of Charles I. ; an account by Lord Capel of the 
ft^ociation with the Queen about the removal of the Prince of 
liTales into France ; papers connected with tlie trial and execution of 
Ibthur, Lord Capel ; an account of the siege of Colchester by one who 
iras with Lord Capel there, and also a narrative of all Lord Capel's 
military transactions by one of his ofiicers. 

A Journal of the House of Commons from December 18, 1680, to 
lanaary 8, 1G81, is reported at full length, as it is evidently the 
wtak of an eye-witness, and contains some interesting details which are 
I0t noticed in the formal journals. 

L Description of Kaglan Castle, copied from an old manuscript 
which was written soon after the destruction of the Castle by the 
Rebel Army in the year 1646. 

•* It is situated on a hill— called, before the building, Twyn y Ciro8,t.e., 
he Cherry hill — and accounted, when in its splendour, one of the fairest 
oildings in England. It hath, 40 deg. S.E. in a direct line, three 
•tes; the first of bricks, from which at the distance of 180 feet, by 
be ascent of many steps, is the white gate, built of square stone, 
60 feet from the Castle. At some distance on the left side stood the 
Wer of Gwent, which for height, strength, and neatness, surpassed 
test, if not every other tower of England or Wales ; it had six outsides 
Lc, sectangolar), each 32 feet broad ; the walls 10 feet thick, all made 

U <0060. A 

MR8. Of THit of square stone, well built, in height five stories. It overlooked the 
BiAuvoBT. castle and country thereabouts from the fair battlements, which, being 
— * 8 inches thick, were soon broken down by shot of great guns. 

The Tower itself repulsed bullets of 18 and 20 lb. weight, hardly 
receiving the least impression by sixty shot a day. It was joined to 
tlie Castle by a sumptuous arched bridge, encompassed with an outwall 
with six arched turrets with battlements, all of square stone, joining to 
a deep mote 30 feet broad, wherein was placed a rare aitiiicial wat(*r- 
work, which spouted water to the heighth of the castle. Next unto it 
was a pleasant walk set forth with several figures of the Roman 
Emperors in arches of divers varieties of shell works. Within the 
walls and the green adjoining — the Bowling Green — being 12 feet 
higher than the walk, on the right hand was a ganlen plot, answerable 
in proportion to the tower. Next unto this plot stood the sUble and 
barns, lately built like a small town. '^Tlie Castle gate hath a fair 
square tower on each side, with fair Imttlements, having each four 
arche<l rooms, one above the other, conjoined over the gates with two 
arches, one above the other. Within this gate is the pitched stone 
court, 120 feet long, 58 feet broad. On the right side thereof is the 
closet Tower ; like the former it hath three arched rooms of 18 feet in 
the clear inside everything. Straight forwards is the way to the 
kitchen Tower of six outsides, each 25 feet broad. Tho kitchen, 25 feet 
in the clear inside, and al>out 20 feet high, having two chimneys besides 
the l)oiler. The wet larder under it arche<i of the same bigness, and 
the room above likewise done. AlK)nt the middle of this court wat 
the passage into the stately Hall, 60 U^t long and 28 broad, having a 
rare geometrical roof built of Insh oak, with a large cupola on the top 
for light, l>e8ides a compass window 16 feet high in the light, and ai 
much in compass, with two or three large windows more at the upfier 
end. On the right iside is the way into the Parlour, being 49 f*:(*t loug^ 
and 21 feet broad, which was nottnl as well fcr the inlaid wainscott and 
curious carved figures, as also for the rare and . artificial ston(> work 
of the flat arch in a large and fair compass window on the south side, 
beaten down by the enemies' great guius, and two neat windows at 
each end. Before the eutnince into the Parlour on the right side are 
the stairs to the Dining Room, of the sanu* proportion as the Parlour* 
• On the right side is the door to the Ctallery, 126 feet long, having inunjT 
fair windows, but most pleasant was the window at the furthenuo^ 
eu<l. That part of the castle standing out like a tower, being aboo^ 
6i) feet high, was most pleasant for as|)ect. Un<ler th«*8e stairs was tb* 
way to the bet^r cellar, 49J feet long, 15 feet broad. Then to the win* 
cellar, 43^ feet bruid and IGA feet broad. There an* thnn* cellars maf^ 
one as largo as tlie former, ml well arche<l. At the lower end of tW 
hall was the Buttery, 32 feet long, 18 feet broad. Xext unto it tb 
Pantry of like bignesj*. At the entrance of the Hall straight forward 
by the Cha|>el, 40 feet long on the left hand, was a large court, IOC) f«*4 
long and 60 fi*et broad, particularly archiHl and car\'e<l, as the imvir 
court, very remarkable not only for the curious c^urved stone work 
the walls, and windows, but also for the pleasant marble fountain in f 
midst thereof, called the White Horse, continually running with a cli 
water. Thence through a fair gate un<)er a large sf|uare tow 
artificially arched with can-etl stone works, over a briilge 40 feet lo 
with two arches, is the way to the Bowling Grt»en, 260 feel long a 
77 feet broad, much liked by his late Majt*My for its situation. VVf 
ward towards Abergavenny and . . . the meadows towunls C^ 
atow, was a most delightful prospect, at the west end stood a largr 

with large bows, affording a fine shade in the summer ; near which MSB. ov thb 

was the way to the gravel walks and . . . pleasant gardens, and bbai^iit. 

fair built summer houses, with delightful . . . walks, 430 feet long, -^ 

beneath which was a very large . • . fish pond, of many acres of 

land ornamented with many and . . . divers artificial islands and 

walks, near which stood an . . . orchard 400 feet long and 100 

broad planted with choice fruit trees . . . besides the tower 

Melin: all of st. . . . was but 4 sides fair built of . . . placed 

on corbels on the outside h. • . the other ; and four in the gate . . . 

adjoining to it a warren and . . . fish ponds. The park was thick 

planted with oaks and several . . . large beeches and richly . . . 

stocked with deer. This castle . . . was a garrison from the 

beginning of the civil war, and kept ... by the Marquiss at his 

own charge, but being strongly besieged and . . . having no hope 

of relief, being one of the strongest and last garrisons, was surrendaied 

to Sir Thomas Fairfax the 19th of August 1646. Afterwards the woods 

in the three parks were destroyed, the lead and timber were carried to 

Monmouth, thence by water to rebuild Bristol Bridge after the last 

fire. The Great Tower, after tedious battering the top thereof with 

piduxes, was undermined, the weight of it propped with the timber 

whilst the two sides of the six were cut through : the timber being 

bnined it fell down in a lump, and so still remains firmly to this day. 

After the surrender the country people were summoned into a 

rendezvous with pickaxes, spades, and shovels, to draw the mote in 

hope of wealth ; their hope failing, they were set to cut the stanks of 

the great fish ponds, where they had store of very great carps, and 

other large fish. The artificial roof of the Hall could not well be taken 

down, remained whole above 20 years after the siege, and above 30 

vaults of all sorts of rooms, and cellars, and three arched bridges, 

besides the Tower Bridge, are as yet standing, but the most curious arch, 

the chapel and rooms above adjoining, with many other fair rooms 

totally destroyed." 

1694, September 26. 

** Officers belonging to the right honourable Henby, late Earl of 
Worcester, to the best of my personal remembrance. 

Menial Officers and the manor of his household. 

His Tables. — All the gates were shut at 11 of the clock, there were 
laid first in the Parlour, at the one end, his own and his Lady's table, 
with the rest of the family. 

1. — Such strangers of the nobility as resorted thither in great num- 
bers, attended first by the Steward who attended till his Lordship sat, 
and not by footmen, but gentlemen, and gentlemen's sons, and other 
officers of high degree. 

2d — ^At the other end was laid a table for my Lady's gentlewomen, 
and other gentlewomen, then residing in the house, whereunto were 
brought such gentlewomen strangers as happened to come. 

These attended by the footmen. 

Hy Lord being sat at the same time the Steward — Sir Ralph 
Bfau^tone— with these Officers had his table laid in the upper end of 
the HalL The Duke's tutor Mr. Adams. Steward, Sir Ralph Blackstone. 
Secretary, Mr. Holland. Master of the horse, Mr. Delamour. Surveyors 
avi auditors, Mr. Nelson and Mr. Smith. Master of the fishponds, 
Mr. Andrews, with such strangers as happened to come under the degree 

A 2 

^Sra ' "" ^^ ^ Kni^j^hty attended by the f ootmeu and served with wine. Ctentleman 
BiAurair Serrer, Mr. Blackburn. 

*"* 3.— At the same time in the Hall the tables for the ploughmen whose 

oflBco was to carry muck from the house, and straw for litter for the 
horses, and wood for the house. 

4.— At the same time a table was laid above Htaire for Mrs. Watson* 
Gentlewomen strangers that did not appear below stairs, and other 
Gentlewomen that happened to be tliere. 

Brewers, Mr. Morgan, Mr. Fox, at the waiters* table. 

• Mj Lord having diued the meat i^ brought for the gentlemen who 
waited of the one side of the hall, which, with other hot meat, made their 

At the same time ihe waiters at another table sit by the clerk of the 
kitchen, Mr. Thomson, and the yeoman officers of the house, viz., two 
ffrooms of the chamber, Mr. Brag, sometimes clerk of the kitchen, 
Walter Justice. The tithes of tlie adjacent parishes served the house 
with bread. 

Clerk to take that account of such oats as Horvcd the stables, Mr. 
George Wharton. 

Both of the gentlemen waiters Yeoman of the Collar, Mr. Will 

and ... of the kitchen attended Thomas. 

by footmen. "Yeoman of the Pantry, Henry Wall. 

At tlie samo time Mrs. Watson*s Yeoman of the Buttery, Thomas 

table was laid meat was carri<;d Long. 

off her table to the clinmber maids Uiiher of the Hall and his mao, 

and laundry maids with additional Lewis David, 

hot meat. Poitor, Mr. John Moyl and his 

man, Mr. Cook. 

5. — This done, sat the Porter who kept a man, the Grooms of the 
Stables, whereof 4 lia<l in charge no more than the great Stables, for 
they watched the 12 war horses there day and ni^ht. 

12. Of the great war horses. The hunting horses stable. 

3. Sole for cott<?hes. The hackney horses stable. 

Master of the Closet. My I^ady's Gent. Usher. 

Sadler, Mr. Waller Brewer. Mr. Laur. Harcourt. 

Tailor, .Mr. Hook. KeejH'r of Lantillio Park, M^- 

Mr. Kisden. Walter Morri«<. 

Mr. Bray. Of Chepstow Park, Robert Lft^' 

Plummer. burg. 

Of the huMiandry over tlie plougk^' 
men. Will Bayly. 
Purveyor for the bouse. Mr. Salisbury. 

Cooks, ronghritler ; Esmond the faulconier, farrier and sheer 
horses ; with Clerk of the kitchen ; the 2 Kee|)ers of the Upper Parl^ ^ 
Richard Bolton ot the Lower; William Carry; two Butchers, with Clerks* 
Brewers; John Hugh, Brewer, Baker, some of the footmen with elerli^^ 

Houseke<*|K*r of Worcester House in Ix>ndon, Mr. Re<lman ; constaf*^ 
solicitor there, Mr. John Smith ; 8 or 10 plonghmfn for oxeo to carr^ 
wood and straw ; sub-officers. Steward for liaglan ; with Jones Ksf 
Treewen, Esq., for Trolock's Grange. 

Bailiffs for Haglan, Mr. Brown ; for Sandering, William Harries cf 
Lanyeshill ; for Penrose and Clitha, John Thomas ; Penynevenny, Mr* 
Roger Evans ; l^ntellio Mr. Walter Powell ; Three Castles, Skenfritb» 


DiDgastoWy Mr. John Aylworth ; Mr. John Givin ; Chepstow Castle, Mas. o» tk« 
Mathew Stephens ; Chepstow Lordship, Mr. Greorge Harris, and Mr. B^!SoIt, 
Edmund Waters. ^ 

Tjdenham, Mr. James Davis ; Standing Counsell for the BailifE to 
repair toWoolaston, Mr. William Hughes ; Monmouthshire, Mr. Andrew 
Powell. Steward for Chepstow, Sir Nich. Kemoys ; Breconshire, Mr. 
Will. Morgan of the . . . 

Waitei*8 and other youth ; younger and elder sons of 2 : 3 : 6 : or 700/. 

pr. annum." 

Another Account. 

*' Committed to writing, for that few or none remember this at this day. 

At 11 o'clock the Castle gates were shut and the tables laid, 2 in the 
dining room, 3 in the Hall, 1 in Mrs. Watson's apartments, where the 
Chaplain sat — Sir Toby Mathews being the first — 2 in the housekeeper's 
room for the Ladies' women. 

The Earl came into the Dining Room attended by his gentlemen. At 
soon as he was seated Sir Balph Blackstone, Steward of the House, 
retired, the Comptroler, Mr. Hollond, attended with his staff. The 
server Mr. Blackburn, the daily waiters, Mr. Clough, Mr. Solby and 
Mr. Scudemore, with many Gentlemen's sons, from 2 to 700/. a year, 
bred in the Castle. My Lady's Gentleman Usher, Mr. Harcourt, my 
Lord*8 gentlemen of 'the chamber, Mr. Morgan, and ISIr. Fox. 

At the 1st Table sate the Noble Family and such of the Nobility as 
came there. 

At the 2nd Table in the dining room sate Knights and Honourable 
gentlemen attended by footmen. 

At the 1st Table in the Hall sate — 
Sir Ralph Blackstone, Steward. 
The Comptroller. 
The Secretary. 

The Master of thd Horse, Mr. Delaware. 
The Master of the Fish-ponds, Mr. Andrews. 
My Lord Herbert's preceptor, Mr. Adams. 

With such gentlemen as came there under the degree of a Knight, 
attended by footmen and plentifully served with wine. 

At the 2nd Table in the Hall served from my Lord's table, and with 
other hot meat. 

The Server, with the Gentlemen Waiters and Pages, to the number 
of 24 or more. 

At the 3rd Table in the Hall— 

The Clerk of the Kitchen with the Yeomen Officers of the House, 2 
Orooms of the Chambers. 
Chief Auditor, Mr. Smith. 
Clerk of the Accounts, George Wharton. 
Purveyor of the Castle, Mr. Salisbury. 
Ushers of the Hall, Mr. Moyle and Mr. Cook. 

Closett Keeper, . 

Gentlemen of the Chappell, Mr. Davies. 

Keeper of the Record, . 

Master of the Wardi-obe, — . 

Master of the Armory, 

Master Groom of the Stable for tho war hor^eu; 12. 
Master of the Hounds. 
Master Faucolner. 


DcM'tor Mifi Inn man* 2 Ittitrhrrft. *J ki>«-|NT«iir tlu' II -ni*- |«rk. 1! 
Krrpi-n« o( iht* ml «i«*«T park. r«H>tnii*fi, }:rvNiiufi, nml ntlfr utiimll 
ncn'Aiii", !<• tli«- uuiiib«-r ■'}' i'A^. N>mt- oi tlii« tiMftiin ii wi-n* lln*w«*r^ 
mmI Bakrrii. 

Out OfCctr*. 

Stcwnni i>t' l{ji;'l»ii. Win. .(••m-*, 

ifOVt'rii»»r nf ( tu |»*itow, >ir Nh li. 
Kc*nioi*». Ikirl. 

IlouM>k*'«'|>' r ot" WorriM'T hoiiM» 
in LoEMUm, •Iniiii-^ Hrdiiiait, \*u\. 

H-iilitr-. I.'{. 

'J Tiiumvll for tlip lUilifit !•* 

Sol lie i Cor, Mr tin. Nfnlth." 

[c llUlt.^ ** .\ KMii.r N«»n ukt'ii Ufurr the grami nUIlioii of th*- 

Co!«Tft>T« tif thf I'AKkft. lUiil UliMMVIUI of IS \(.l AN Im'Ih;; aUwau-h 

belonging; to tin* ('Aiitl«v 

The t«'o \t\9\nr imrk*-^ with ilir wnrrcri - IM) iut. 

TIm* loMTrr |«irkf itnitrvni'th - - .*».W> wr 

TIm* iii«*a*lowi-4 roiili'Viif a.<» fiillcM-«'t]i : 
TIm 1Cav1«» U*iii;' .'lit tU\i*ft niath 
111*- Miin-M •• !•» tlavi-^ math. 

Tilt* iHo liil»l)i-a Ijrili^ 
Tho hfiiAth* IIH-Ailf Ijt 
The liii!l liH*sdolli-i* 

No\ i« Illl'iwIttUC 

l*iil»« W" tiif.ulowr 
I'oui U'- ;:riMitt«l 
CU llin iiit-iulowf'i- 111* Ailoif •' 
IU'\i ti 1 1'/ inca<li' 
SC«>r\i-- tui luliiwi'?! 

}i 24 «l iiiatli. ' 

*iii}; 2'i (luv« 

-*> malli. 

., 14 d' 


., l:» .1 


.. lid 


M l-*d 


.. ^A 


.. lid 


M -d 


„ l.i davt 

1 III - 

►"Jin .Inv.n ni. 


I dox and 1«K 

Sti>rv«*^ f rrnMi- biitd iiuw with ronir, .'i imt. - l.'I'J J4 r. 

All wli:rli ill k^\i-r* auiouni* !•• l^'JA kT\<-r«. 
Whirli iHtt.g \iitiiri| »l \jfl. \iijf| !■ r kwt-r oiir with thoChir aiiioiini« 
to ihr «uiii i>t f«(i**/. |H r ami. Th«* ti«hpfM>l<-r> l«*ifi^ »tiTriil will b«- wicth 
*JOi. pT anil." 

** A NiiTi <>t 1*1 xtr in tin- T-ui i: at Kai.i an, taki-n tLr l^th of 

•lulv Ifiait. 

SiUor riar. . 

Iiii|- 1 •! >.-• II ai.d 1<> ;:rr;it !i.l%-t r di^hft. 
.'i th :. an<l *\ liltii di*Ii<«. 
1 •!■.'. «it tfi III li« r \*.a:i <. 
1 •:<■/. ni.ii u h.iil 1*1 ^rcAt !iaw« • i^ 
** li *•• r ojiwci rm. 
'J I > *• «'aii<!!f«t!< k*. 
(» ;:!• at ranilU'otti kj. 
I it*>H f.i«liii>i.« d t'!i-^lii k*. 
4 "ulil « aiul'tvtirk**. 
« I'^i- |tlali'«. 

1 ri.jtriri;;!- iLOi with a i^alt. 
• Ifa.M.i.* an<i Kwfr*. 
I (*iiwdril cup with a Cii\*'r. 
I K< ttir and I^ltf 
4 (ficmt Salt« whfn.ol one hath a cotit. 



Imp. 4 Trencher Salts whereof one hath a cover. ^Drn o7" 

,y 1 Great Salt with 4 Boxes, 4 Spriggs, and 1 cover. Bsavvobi^ 

„ 1 Voydinge skimmer. "^ 

yy 6 Bowles whereof 4 great and 2 lesser. 

„ 3 Tunns. 

,y 2 Tankards with covers. 

„ 1 SkiUett. 

„ 2 P[er] fuming pans. 

„ 1 Chamber pott. 

„ 1 Sugar box with a letle spoone. 

„ I Baskett for Oranges and Lemons* 

„ 1 Creame bowle with a cover. 

„ 1 Letle Cawdell cup with a cover. 

„ 6 Poringers whereof 3 greater and 2 lesser. 

yy 1 dozen of letle plates. 

„ 6 Leile sawcers. 

„ 1 Morter and pestle. 

„ 3 Boates. 

„ 1 Tondish. 

„ 1 Bell. 

„ 1 Letle ladle and skimmer. 

yy 1 Longe spoone. 

,9 11 Spoones whereof 6 with knobs. 

yy 1 Standish. 

,y 1 Ink pott and 1 sand boxe. 

yy 1 Table booke. 

yy 2 Hot water bottles. 

„ 1 Wooden dish tipt with silver. 

„ 2 Cownter boxes. 

„ 1 Ege (or Eye) cup. 

„ 1 Warminge panne. 

„ 1 Bason. 

,, 1 Toasting forke. 

„ 1 Letle boxe for powder with a letle spoone. 
Sent to London of this plate the 29 of January 1639 as foUoweth : 

,, 2 dozen of dishes. 

„ 2 pye plates. 

yy 4 candlesticks. 

yy 2 dozen of plates. 

,, 6 sawcers. 

,, 1 Great Salt and 2 trencher Salts. 

„ 1 Chafinge dinh with a Salt. 

„ 1 Ketle and ladle to wash glasses. 

„ 1 Bason and Ewer. 
1 Voyding skimmer. 


A Note op Guilt Plate in the Towre, taken the same day, 

Gnilt Plate. 

Imp. 5 Gilt basons. 
„ 8 Ewers whereof 1 party gilt. 
9, 4 Great flagons whereof 2 rought and 2 plaine. 
„ 10 Skinker potts. 
„ 7 Tankards whereof 1 is whopt. 
yy 2 Great botles with chaines. 
yf 6 Candlesticks. 


MM-ortHi Imp 1 iVlicnn mIi. 

Riftf 91^11 •• •* I^*^**** jibiiiii' Uiwliv* whrrff>r 1 Hith a i'«»\i'r. 

"- , 3 IMImr f«lt wlirn^of *J mitli roViT. 

„ 3 S«ltf with r<»v«*r« whi*rei>t' I wiih « urullup »hrll. 

., lO Tn'tirlirr Milln whfrrot'G wi»h rutvt^. 

w I Scfilliip S*i;*iT iMiXt* with » li'lle <i|MH»iie. 

,t 1 lli'A^j Imiw1« with th«* Amu cif Fmicr in thf iuAtilc uf 
thr r(i\er. 

„ :?il lUiwlf« with C4iv«*pt of nil ft4frts. 

,• H llowirt without rovers. 

•9 1 Gould cup with ft gonhl ri»%cr. 

M 1 Cup with ft rover niadc of mu <^nge cpg Imu «1 with siircr 
ami ^ilt 

•• 2 C'up« of Amat. 

„ 2 Fork.. 

M 12 rUteo. 

,« 3 <lciJ!4'n of ^ilt "iMiotitii. 

^ 2 ilfu«*n Aiiil 2 Tootle (tiKMiirs with jruilt Looh«. 

n 1 Skiuiiii^ »|Mioiu* with hoh-* in it.** 

Sir John Ihkk to thr iK%Hi. or Wdiirr.oTRR'. 

16.1«>, l>f<vinlMT 3. Whitrhall. — " Fn>m a It-tlor it-i-t-i^-^l Inun vniir 
noblr SoniM*, thr Liirtl lit rb^Tf. whcrrhjr lie ^i^nififfh that thr l>r|-iitAtioci 
It now cNiiiir Inmi tin* L^ird l'n-«iil**iit of \Valp«, 1 havp a<vt>riliii:: to ht« 
Lord»hip*ii (l«*«»iri* rrpn*M*tiictl hi« tluihkfuIiM*«M* tn hi* Maj«-»t:i-«ai)«l hare 
ordrr from hi« Maji*«iir lo Ai^nifr in \oiir Ix»r<Uhip, lliat it itimt onrlj 
in thin imrtHMilnr mM*, hui Ih Trailer alMi ht* tiill bi^r ^nuio'iiklr min«lfuU 
of vour f;«jo«l M-rviif tlcin«* hrn-ti'liin* in ih" I.ifiiti*nanri«-4 i>f (fUnii»rgvn 
mm! Mouininith, nnd vour williti;; n-^iKnin;; fit' thnn ; ami hf hath albo 
coamaiiclnl nit-r to trll tlir Karl«* *•( !lri<lp*watrr that h«* f^hn!! priM*««dc 
UMTPin with Viiiir I.«inUhiii in th<* Mimt* mannrr tin* Karlr of North- 
hampton hi« pn*tlr<*«*%«iir ihil, aiiil not i>thrrwi«f*: which ati-orvJinglT I 
have M;;nilii't| to hi» I.f»riNhip. And thu« harin;; ini|Mirtt'«l to \€mr 
Lordship )N»th hi^ Majt-^iir'^ ^ai-ifHin fn\i>iir towanU jnurM-lf and tha 
aonnr, wht» in thi^ bui»itirsiM* hath |H*rf«»nn«-d a« much n**!***^ and dutir 
aa can b«*r rx|N*t«itsl from a worthir ftonn«% 1 humblv lakf IraTp a4id lo 


1*IMKLI« I. to . 

IfiS^n NotrmiN r 6. — ** Ki^ht tniiti** and ri;:ht Wi'l!lwlu\«*«l C**(«rn and 
C«mn9cUi>r. A<*. 

It4«i*aiiM* wr tlii»u;:ht filt to kn*p the plare and aulh«>riti«- of omt 
Prraidri^ri** of Wah-n a.* Ur)^' and intiii* n« it liAil liri*n«* in thr tinirs of 
uur n*Tal pri'^i'iutnr^ : \Vr«* wrrt* plra^d to at'n-pt of thr I.:i*ij(« nafu-icft 
of (ilamitrpiti anil Munn.outh. ii|ion th«* wiUini; ri-^isnaimn ••( i-ur rifbt 
tru«tirftiid ri^ht wr]!li>do\«<«l 1*4 1* in, the K^rU* of \Vorr»-»lc*r ; ih'>ij;;U in 
thr rxrcutii*n of hi^ rhar^i* in thcM: i-runlifn lirt* had rarrii^l hini««*lf 
with that lidrli:*!- mnil Atr«*«-ti(in to our Mr^iii*. that others i*4* wi*«' nav 
no rau«4% n^r IumI nn% intmitun tii li •«« n h:* |H*wi*r or hi- • n^ilit ta 
thoiM* part*. Wiv (h< n-lMn* thru rt'<i'ttn'il \'*ti i<* rarr:f \.iur*4lf t^iwarda 
bim with that n -iM^ t whifh lh«* Hiirth ••! h.« |Mrf<Mi aii<I t-iir alhntion 
did dt-M'rvf, aift luiw though «•« d* ul»t not of votir |i< rf'rTnnncr 
thi*rr«»f, vet Ik it.-.: «>:IliM^ »t:ll l«> ihc-i^*-!t jrid i ritrt a*«* ihal ^'•'«>i«:ll 
bc<wi&t \i«tt ; nnd lia\in;' rX|N-t tfnfi- (r\*iii l:nii- tt> X:w* «if ).:•» IiAl'i»:tT 

and fikrwardn«'«««- in our M*r% !•-••. Wi^* ha\i* tht ughi liti n^aii to putt 
jroa in iniudt* of this our plca.^urv lut to suffer his i^owtc vt rrputa- 

tion to bee diminished, which must needs suffer if in these Counties Mgs. o» the 
any Depntie Lieutenancies, Justices of Peace, or other Offices shall bee bbauvort.: 
disposed to other then such persons as hee, who living amongst them — 

imderstandeth best their liabilities and dispositions, shall recommend 
unto Tou as fit men aud well affected to our service. Wherein that hee 
may know what love and affection Wee bare unto him, Wee have sent 
kim a oopie of this our letter, and would have you also to send 
copies respectively into those Counties, that there they may take 

notice of that love and kindnesse which hee expecteth at your hands ; 

ind which Wee also shall take from you in very gracious part. 

Given under our signet at our Castle of Windsor the Sixt of November 

in the Twelfth yeare of our reigne, 1636. 

(Signed) Charles R." 

Weckherlin to 

1636, November 7. Windsor Castle. — ** Here enclosed your 
Lordship will be pleased to receive both his Majestie's letter and 
the true copie thereof, according — I hope — to your desire. Mr. 
Secretarie would have written withall himself* but that multitude 
of affaires hinder him. As myself at this time am by the same 
I'easoQ forced to use all haste and forbeare much newes. Howso- 
ever if hereafter your Lordship shall command me anything, either in 
that or in any other kinde, I shall endeavour to fuUfill your pleasure, if 
not according to your expectation yet according to my small knowledge. 
And for this [present] I can say no more, but that it seemes that all 
the concern of the Electoral Dyet — as if they had forgotten for what 
they met at Ratisbonne — standcth gazing towards Bavaria, longing 
to lee what will bee brought into this world by the Dutchesse of 
Bavaria, begotten in her by her Oncle. I know who wisheth Parturiunt 
*>on(e«. Yet it is thought by many that that Diet will not passe with- 
out the bringing forth of the projected Coadjutor of the Empire and 
King of the Romans in the person of him then whome the Empror 
doth desire none. Meanewhile Gallas having received new forces by 
the arrival to him of Buttler and others, doth intend new dessigues 
Against France and is come not fan* from Dijon. And to oppose him 
the French also send more forces — under Longueville — to Duke 
Bemhard, which as soone as they shall joyne, it is thought they 
will trye their courage, as the Swedes under Bannier have done against 
the Imperial and Saxon armies, where the victorie — whatsoever is or 
can bee said to the contrary — was greater then first was advertised, and 
win bee of greaver operation then perhaps some looke as yet for. But 
the French do not well in Italie nor upon the frontiers of Spaine in 
tbeir owne land, where the Spaniard are entred and have taken 
S. Jehan de Luy — a jiort — and if they can get Biscay, the French will 
end their yeare very ill. Though — whilest Jean de Werth did hover 
^Qt Corbie to cast in some handmills — the French under Collonel 
Gassion with some 1,200 horse, some thousands of musquetiers and 
dragons, have made an inrode and are gone as farre as to the gates of 
Cambray, laying in ashes 42 villages, that were very well furnished 
with come and other necessaries. May it not bee said with reason and 
without treason, Delirant reges, ..." 

Chables I. to the Eabl of Worcesteb. 

1639, March. 25. Whitehall. — " Whereas wee have bin Gra- 
tkmaly Pleased for severall services and considerations, to give 
testimony of our coniidence and good opinion of our Bight Trusty 


^SJuKio"' ^^^ Right welbeloved Cosen the Earlo of Worcester concerning the 
Bbauiqst. preservation of whose H [onoiir] ami Esteeme in the Countyes whereof 
''"* be voluntarily delivered up his Lieutenancy. Wee have written 

severall Letters and expref«sed our will and pleasure to the Lord 
President of Wales as allso wee have bin further gratiously pleased to 
Graunt him our Royall Protection for Religion. These are uppon 
good and mature deliberation to ratifie and continue the same our 
rarours — unles our pleasure be ezpresly delivered to the contrary — 
And furtbermore to allow and authorise him to keepe and use armes as 
well for his owne defence as our Service as freely as any other of his 
ranke and qualitye. 

And this to be his sufficient warrant for soe doeing. (livcu under our 
hand, and signed att our Court att Whitehall the five and twentieth day 
of March 1639. In the fowerteenth year of our Raigne. 

(Signcil) Charles, R." 

CiiARLBS I. to the Earl of Worcester. 

1641, August 3. Westminster. — ^* Charles, R. 

Right trustie and right well beloved cosin, wee greete you well. 
Whereas wee have heretofore by many letters and messages signed by 
08 given you tchtimonie of our favor and inclination to rewanl the good 
service of you and yours, the»e are further to assure you, that neither 
the times nor businesses shall ever make us nnmindfull of them, yet 
upon occasions when our good intentions therein may be really manifested 
wee desire to bee put in miude that wee may readily concurre to a 
speedic performance, of which you may bee over most confident. And 
being yuur indisposition of body is such, that before our intended 
journey wee cannot signify the same to yourself in person, wee have 
thought good to expresse it by these our letters. 

Given at our pallaco of Westminjiter the 3rd day of August in the 
seaventeenth year of our reign.'* 

Sir J. Hyron to the Earl op Worcester. 

1642, July 24. Leicester Abbey. — **Your Ix>rdship hath houorod 
me with a letter, which I value above any other can Ix-e given 
mee, and of which I shall ever indeavor to make my self worthy 
by all rcall expressions of faithfull and humble service. It was my 
misfortune to bee from home, when Sir John SomcnM*tt came, 
and though I aqoainteJ his Majestic therewith — u|Kin whom I then 
attended — yett ho would not |>ermitt me to goe to him for a day 
or two havinge some other services to employ mee in, by reason 
of his journey to Leicester where it was thought be would have some 
opposition, but upon his Maj(^tie*s ap()roAch his eiiemii's fledd. Ilazel- 
ricK the chief of them was said to bee lurking thereabouts, wliereupou 
the Kinge commanded mee, and some other gentlemen to goe o«it and 
see if wee could apprehend him, but though wee usetl the l»est diligence 
wee could, ridinge both day and night, yett wet* came short of him. 
This is the cause of the delay in returning your I^irdsliip an nnsweare 
for which I Ik pe your Lonlship will pardon mee, and now cince. Sir 
John Somers4*tt is come hitluT, havinge left the CtflOO your Lonlship 
tent, at Nu<^tead, my lious<*, his Majestic hath comumndetl m«* to make 
use of it for the levying of .MXi horse and withall in his name to return 
your Ix>rdship all possible thanks for your seasonable assistance both 
DOW and heretofore, and that h<*e hopes bet* shall not dye in your debt ; 
these are hit own words, and desires to bee excuzed for not writinge 


himself by reason of the little leazure hee hath ; for my own particular *^^^ ^^^ 
I hombly beseech your Lordship to believe, that as there lives not any Bbauvobt. 
body more deeply engaged for reall and noble favours to your Lordship * 

than my self, so none can bee more sensible of them, or more ready upon 
ail occasions to express himself ^c, &c.'' 

Sib John Btbon to [the Earl of Worcester], 

1642, August 8. York. — " The King is so oppressed with multitude of 
buziness, that hee has commanded mee to write unto your Lordship this 
enclozed letter, not havinge leazure himself to write more than a short 
postcript to give creditt to what I have written. I had thought to have 
Bent some of my owne servants to convey the money hither, but Mr. 
Griffin tells mee your Lordship would rather send it by him and some 
other whom you should think fitt to trust, and then it may bee brought so 
priyately to Nuestead, where I shall bee ready to receave it, that none 
bat such as your Lordship trusteth neede to know of it. I humbly desire 
your Lordship it may be sent with all possible speede, bycause his 
Majestie hath allotted it for a service that must immediately bee gone 
inhandwithall. . . . 

I shall not neede to trouble your Lordship any further and therefor 
humbly kissinge your Lordship's hands rest ever." 

Memorandum by Lord Herbert of the Kjng's conversation. 

1642, September 9. — " The effect of the message your Majesty 
desirelh I should deliver to my Father from your Majesty at Notting- 
ham, the 9th of September 1642. 

That your Majesty with many thankes expresseth yourselfe most 
sensible of the great expense and charge his Lordship hath been att for 
your service, farre more then any man els, considering what I have had, 
M well as Sir John Byron. That it is most trew att this time much 
lieth att stake both of your Majesties honor and power for want of a 
little monny, since 20000/., with what you have, would further your 
Majestie's designs to a most hopeful! condition, for want whereof your 
Mi^tie is enforced to dally — though you will never yeald — and at this 
Fesent vou offer that which is worth a 100000/. for 50000/., besides 
oy Lord Capell, Sir William Saville, and others of good estates, doe 
offer also theyres for security. Yet no want nor occasion can make 
your Majestie to press my Lord, who hath allredy done so much, but if 
he and he's frends could procure 10000/., your Majestie would suddainly 
—if it please God to restore you — see it repayed, and would presently in 
token of thankfullness, send my father the Garter, to be put on when 
he pleased, and also having the Great Seele in your Majestie's own 
custody, you would pass a patent of Marquiss, of what title my Father 
■bould desire, and keep it private as long as he thought fitting, and to 
>bew that this proposition is farr from urging him to his inconvenience, 
Od flo much doth your Majestie acknowledge yourselfe allredy behind- 
iog to him, as that even without procuring your Majestie this unspeak- 
wle advantage, your Majestie is gratiously pleased that if he desire 
«yther or both these, your Majestie at my retume unto you will vouch- 
ttfe them, but if this could possibly be performed then the crowne, 
hitherto your Majestie confesset^ to stay upon your head by biff 
MBitnnce, will be then confirmed by him, and your Majestie esteemetfar 
io much ot his understanding, as well as passionate zeale to vour service, 
that if he will send your Majestie his advice (upon the relation of the 


Mas. or TBS state of businesses which jour Majestie bath comncanded me to makt 
'^AOvotT. ^^^ b>3n) your Majestic will as soone follow it as any man's, and the 
""^ power you give roe, or intend to give me, is as 1 am subordinate and 

most dutifuU unto him to whom your Majestic esteemeth it to be givea 
when it is to me, and your Majestic doth not only faithtully promise io 
your word of ti King, but of a Christian that you will punctuaDy 
performe your ingagement advantagiously to him and his, and nerer 
forsake eyther whilst joa breathe, joining his safety with your owiit 
which is and ever shall be your Majestie's resolution." 

Charles I. to the Marquis of Worcksteb. 

1642-3, January 5. Oxford.—'' Charles R. Right trusty and right 
entirely beloved coasin we greet yon well. Your son the Lord Herbert 
hath excused your not writing unto us, but where wee find soe much 
reality there needs no ceremony, and your last performance of our 
desires hath crowne<l the rest. And wee would you confident that the 
mentioning of leaving few forces at Kagland was not out of any 
diminution of our care of you, or meant to lessen any provision 
fitting thereunto, for wee well understood that there were never 
any of the forces raysed in the county applyed theieunto more than a 
private company under a servante of your owne. But the word of 
Ragland was given as a general word attributive to the counirey, as 
that time wee understood it. The large expressions which you and 
your said sonne have made unto us of your forwardnesse to ov 
service shall never be forgotten. He had command in chiefe in the 
absence of the Lord Marquis Hertford, and besides his dutifulness unto 
vou our command is that his power and yours slialbe the same, as your 
hearts are to our service. The acceptance whereof wee shall not fail to 
make appearc in all occasions, whereof you may rest assured. Qiveo 
under our signet at our court at Oxford, the 5th day of January, in the 
eighteenth year of our reign, 1642.*' 

CaABLES I. to the Marquis of Worcestkr. 

{Holograph.) ? 

1643, June 19. Oxford. — " Woster. — I am very sensible of the 
miseries and dangers which of late you have bin in, and doe hope the 
time will come when I shall be able to requite all my good subjects, and 
none sooner then you. Concerning the changing of vour title and other 
particuhurs I leave to your sonnes relation who knowcs my minde 
therein, who will ever rcmaine your most assured and constant frend 

Charles B.** 

Charles I. to the Sheriff of Monmouth. 

164-1, July 19. Bruton.— •* Truitty and WcIMuIovihI. Wee greet you 
well. Whereas wee are informed, that our right trusty and entyrely be- 
loved Cousin Henry, Marquees of Worcester — of whose loyalty W(*e have 
had long ex|K*rience, and of whose honour wee arc very tender — hath 
lately had some indignity otferd liiin by some p^rMHiM of our County of 
Monmouth. Our will and pleasure is that immediately upon sight hereof, 
calling to yotirasttistance two or more of Our Comniifisioners of Array for 
our sayd County, yon together with them examine the same, ami lorth- 
with certifye us the state thercH<f. To tlie end that condignvd punishmoai 
may be inflicted €>n such as hn\e thi*rein ofiemled, and others deterr*d 
from tlie lyke. And for tho better S4*curity and satisfaction of our said 
Cousin and his, wee will and command you at any tyme as occas ion 


shall require to use the power of tliat our County for the suppressing ^§^« S** 

of any inconvenience of that kind that may aryse from any distemperd Bbawobt. 

persons, and ill-affected to our peace and government ; since wee 

expect that though Our sayd Cousins infirmities of bodye will not permitt 

him to undertake any publique command iu our service, yet there 

should be respect borne him according to his ranke and qualite, and 

the place hce beares in our esteemc. 

Att our Court at Bruton 
By his Majesties Command 
George Digbye 
(Signed) Charles R." 

Charles I. to the Marquis of Worcester. 

1644, July 28. Kerton. — "Right trusty and intirely beloved Cousen 
wee greete you well. Whereas by our severall Commissions unto you, 
joa are to obey such orders as wee or our nephew Prince Rupert shall 
send you, which is for forms sake, and wee doubt not but you will repose 
that confidence in our affection, that our sayd nephew shall by our speciall 
directions take such care and tendernesse to preserve your honor and 
safetj, or shall yelde you contentment in any particular, yeat for your 
farther satisfaction and waiTant wee signify our pleasure that you only 
obey oar expresse commands, and that if likewise any should come unto 
yoQ from us upon misinformation which might prove prejudicial! to you, 
wee give you leave to reply unto them. Wee have intrusted many things 
nnto your Sonne's relation which wee are confident will not bee unwel- 
come to you, yeat wee reserve a resolution of writing ourselfe another 
letter to you very speedily, for your integrity and true affection you show 
w us deserves more than these miserable times do permitt, yeat wee are 
confident that God hath it in store for us, and then shall wee show it 
more amply to you and yours. 
Given at our Court at Kerton, the 28th of July, 1644. 

(Signed) Charles R." 

Charles I. to the Marquis of Worcester. {Holograph.) 

1644, August 2. Liscard. — " Worcester. — I am so sensible of the 
greale affection which you and your sonne have expresst unto me by 
eminent services, and of the meanes he may have of doinge me more in 
that way wherin bee is now engaginge himselfe, that I cannot chuse 
before his goinge but expresse unto you in a very particular manner the 
valae I have of you both, and to assure you, that if God blesse mee I 
^11 not bee behinde hand with either of you. In the meane time 
fiadinge your sonne soe much more desirouse that there shoulde bee 
placed upon you some marke of my favour rather then upon himselfe, 
I have thought fitt to lett you knowe that as soon as I shall conferre 
the order of the Garter upon any you shall receive it as a testemonye of 
™y beinge 

Your assured constant freinde 

Charles R." 

Lord Herbert to [his father] the Marquis of Worcester. 

1644, August 13. — ** Amongst other memorable expressions which Iiave 
taken deepe roote in my hart, I assure your Lordship, that those you were 
plessed to use towards me upon Sunday last, shall never be defaced out of 
my memory, for you were pleased soe to interlace sorrow and comfort 
ts that I knewe not whether joy or fears possessed me most^ or whether 
JOQ I'uewed more justice or clemency, but at last a tender fatherly affection 


ing^y THx appeared to 8teer jour words and dcedes, which shall be Grod williif 
'BjuSioir. answered with a filial duty and tendcrocsse, and your unparraldd good- 
*"*- ness shall not with God Allmightie*s grace undoo, but strengthen me in mj 

dutj to Grod and your Lo : with as much zeale and true harted devotioB 
as can be wittnessod with the uttermost endeavours of thoughte, word, 
and deede lying in the power and uttermost abilities which I can at any 
time attain unto, >vho»e ambition is not greater to anything in thif 
world, then really and entirely to appear your dutiful &c. son." 

Prince Rupert. 

1645, January 5. Oxford. — " Whereas the right honorable Henry, 
Marquea of Worcester hath by his care and expences, long saved the 
towne and county of Monmouth from the hand of the enemies, and 
of late ri*gained the said towne from them, and in regard like wise 
that the towncs of Monmouth and Chepstow are belonging to him of 
inheritance, and the interest he hath in the whole county, my deaire 
is, that the Commander in chiefe of the said county, and the govemon 
of both, or each of those townes, or of any other garrison, within the 
said county should be complying with, or observeing any desinet of 
his, intinmted unto them, either concerning his Majesties seinriot, 
the goo<l of that county or the particular safety aud intereet of 
him, and his — whereof I am very tender, — as also the High Sheriefci 
Commiit!»ioners of Array, justices of the peace, or other otticers of the 
said county, martiall or civill — as they tender my pleasure — and will 
answer the contrary ai their i^enls &c. 

(S igned ) Uur E rt.' * 

Charles I. to the Marquis of Worcester. 

164-1-5, January 10. Oxford. — •* Worcester. — Your's and your 
sonne*s <I}iyly endeavours to serve ine makes mee think which way to giie 
you a*«su ranee of my gracious acceptance, an<l therefore as a further 
testimonye I have sent you this enclosed, only known to him and me, and 
fit for st'veral reasons of importance to you and me to be kept private^ 
untill I shidl esteiMue the time convenient, who as Go<l shall enable mo 
will hhow my tendiT care of you and yours, as by a niatclH* propounded for 
your grand childo yon will easily judge. The particulars I h>av«* to you 
Sonne Glamorgan his relation, which i have commanded him to make to 
you only, and you may W confldent that I sor much (*stceme your inerittSf 
and your uphoulding your sonne in my service — wherein noe hubject I 
have cMiuals eytJier of you — as that I can not thinke anytiiiiig to much 
tlmt lyes in my iK)wer, though as yet some considcnitiofi.<4 hinder me 
from doing all 1 would to\%ards you and yours, but by your hunnes 
endeavours I make noe ({uestion but in short time to |msse them soe 
over, a*< tlmt I <hnll make gcnxi the intentions I have to manifest that 
I est^enie your s<»rvices such as my words cannot expresse them, nor I» 
but by shewing myself at all occa^^ions iind in all things to liee 

(Signeci) Your assured frentl 

C'iiarles H." 

[Perhaps the whole letter is autoyraphS\ 

The enclosure mentioned m the above letter, 

** Charles R. Onr will and pleasure is that you prepare a bill (or 
our ffignature for creating our Right Trusty and entirely beloved rousia 
Henry Marquis of Worcester, Duke of SomerM*t, to him and the heyroi 
male of his iKxly issueing, with all the priveledges and immunitioe 


thereunto belonging, and with a graunt of an annuity of fifty pounds mss.ovthb 
yearly to be paid to him and them out of our customes of Swansey in J^^* ^'^ 

oar county of Glamorgan for the support of the said dignity, for which 

tiiis shall be your sufficient warrant. Given at our Court at Oxford 
the aixt day of January in the twentieth yeare of our reigne. 
To our Attorney or Solicitor General for the time being. 

(Signed) Charles R." 

F[bances] Marchioness of Hertford to [her son] Lord, 


N.Y., June 24. Essex House. — "I am extreame sory to perceive 
by your lines that my Lady Capell hath so sad an occasion to bee 
troubled, especially in the condition that shee is. 1 did entend 
according to your desire to have used my interest to all I cx)uld 
conceive likely to have done any service, but I was desired by Mr. 
Alford to desist until 1 I knew what sucesse hee had, which I 
know not yet, but my Lady [Ma]tland acording to my Lady Capell's 
desire bath endeavoured much, the sucess whereof shee will relate, but 
I am desired by Sir Thomas Maunson to let you know that if the order 
canot bee revoked, nor hee kept from the (armie ?) that he will procure 
a letter from the Generall's lady to him to have him civily used and 
exposed to no danger, and hee also hopes by acquainting the Lords with 
the business to make them sencible of the injury done to the Peers by such 
an order and acte, hee being a Feere's eldest sonne, that hee hopes they 
win upon Monday revoake the order. But if it cannot bee obtained it 
is hoped hee will bee no way hasarded beeing of that yeares, but that it 
is done to see if whether the frighting of my Lady will bee a meanes 
fr . . there comitie &c. 

Mr. Alford advised mee not to move in the Lords house before wee 
we the event of what hee adviseth my Lady Capell, hee gives so much 
assurance of the other busines being ready about Friday that if all bee 
quiet there I think you had best stay until Thursday." 

The Same to the Same. % 

N.Y., June 26. Essex House. — ^* Though T have writen so earnestly 
*o you by Davies to returne with speed that I canot doubt it, yet for 
fewe hee may miscarry, returne your own servant, because since I 
^t tlie other I understand that the acte this day gave them only 
power to take what gentellmen they thought fitt that weare in my 
^^ Capell's house, but not in any other places, which makes it more 
*08pitiou8 that you weare aimed at, but I hope that you are already 
from thence and will bee heere suddenly, I have engaged Sir 
ihomas Maunson to procure the letter to the Generall, which 
"^ee hopes to do this night, and I will endeavour to have the lords 
^cible of it, and I canot but hope that hee will bee civily used and 
'^ no other hazard but my Ladie's danger by her aprehensions of them, 
bnt that God who hath so hapyly supported her in so many other great 
^rialls will I presume suport her in this and enable her to beare it, and 
^ OTercome it, and obtain a reversing of the order, for my Lady hath so 
Si^at a stocke of all pietie and vertue as must needs draw her above all 
^Qgs of this nature that shee may still sustaine that great part that 
"^ec hath to acte in that noble familie, and bee long a comfort . . . 
^0 her frends &c. . . . 

I desire to have this sent to my Lady that shee may see what cause 
^ bad to send for you, and what I have done to serve her. My Lord sends 
P^ his blessing and both our services to my Lady and your faire 

BereUdie Seal, 


liM. oi nu The Saxb to the Saxb. 

B«Auro»T. [1640.] 

'' A Memorial of the most weifl:hty and material passages of the Lobp 
Capell and Lord Culpepe&*8 Negotiation to the QuBBii*t 
Majesty coDcerning the Prince or Wales, his going into 
France, in pursuance of their Instruction. 

After wee had presented ourselves to her Majesty in the Prifj 
Chamber where hI our coming wee found her, she was pleased to com* 
mand us to attend her in her bedchamber where we acquainted her 
Majesty with the most important part of our employment and withall I 
presented to her the ()aper of our Instructions. 

Her Majesty spake then very little to us of the matter of our nego* 
tiations, but said sho wouhl take further time to peruse it, and after 
some generall discours of the King*s affairs we were dismissed for the 
time and commanded to attend her at 2 of the clock the next day in ths 

The next day according to her Majesty's commands we attended her, 
the Lord Jermyn went into the bedchamber with us but stayed nol| 
then the Queen gave me the Instructions which I delivered to her the 
day lief ore and I read them all over to her. She did theu use some 
discours concerning the Instruction of delaying the Prince his coming 
into France, ulleadging the King's command, and the doubts she had <x 
the insecurity of Jersey. We assured her Majesty she need not at all 
doubt of the security of the place, it being affirmed to be such by sow 
many honest and faithful persons an were u|K)n the place and attended 
his HighneHs there, and that re.Mon with those contnv(*d in the Iiistructiooi 
we thouglit would give his Majesty such satisfaction that when he was 
fully informed of them he would rest well satisfied with his Ilighness's 
longer abode in Jersey. Though her Majesty did not seeme satisfied 
with our reasons yet then she expressed no absolute positivenes, bat 
changed her discourse from that business to the employment of Mr. 
BoH^ure, and what instructions were fittest for that employment, and 
commande<l me and the Ix)rd Culpe|>er that, if the Lord Digby came 
that ni<;ht to St. Jermyn as was e\|>ected that, we three should meet 
the next morning at the Lord Jermyn*s lo<lging, and there consider of 
those In.structions and also of his llighnesse coming into France. As 
we were going out of the room the (jueen calle<l niee to her and said 
privately to me I will doe as I shall be advised by the Ijord Culpeper, 
Lord Jermyn, and }ourselfe. The next morning I went to the Lord 
Jerniyn*M lodgings where 1 found the Lords Digby, Culpeper, and 
Jermyn. consulting of the Instructions for Mr. Bolieure, which the Lord 
Digby had put into French, and while he was retailing them over to me 
word was brought to us that dinner was upon the table, so vee roae 
and went to dinner. 

Ime<liately after dinner wee retynnl into the chamber and after the 
Instructions were rt^ail over, and some discours and alterations of them, 
the Ii<»nl Jermyn sayd the Prince his coming into Fiance was now to 
bee considered, alleadging the necessity of it, and benefittes that woald 
arise by it, that the game was to Iw played out by the Fn*nch, that the 
Qu<^.*n could not 8up|K>rt him in the place where he was, but that his 
oomming into France w(»uld give tliat confidence and assurance to the 
French that they wouhi ime<liate1y assigne 14/XX) pistol Is for his main* 
tenaoce, the I^rd Culpeper alleadging many weighty reasons not to 
execute such a resolution for the present, enforcing all the reasons in 
the Instructions, but cheifely insisted upon this that, untill ihe French 
found it necenary to declare a warr in his Majesty's behalfe, he thought 


it was not reasonable his Highnesse should put himself e under their power ; l^* ov vhb 

that it was allwajs his opinion his Highnesse ought not to quitt Jersey bbauvobt. 

but in either of those two cases, the one, if his Majesty should unfortu- "~" 

nately be taken prisoner, the other, if the King should safely arrive 

into the Scott's army, and that the Scotts should declare warr in the 

King's behalf 8. I know not well the reason for it, but the Lord Digby 

sayd that the Lord Culpeper seldome declared an opinion. I told them 

that this was no difficult case to deliver an opinion in ; for besides the 

reasons alleadged by the Lord Culpeper I did not find that the French 

themselves urged the Prince his coming over. The Lord Jermyn 

replyd that he knew very well that the French would not engage 

heartily untill the Prince were in France because they might apprehend 

that when they had engaged, the Prince might so proceed in his affairs 

as might be to their prejudice ; that though his Highness residence in 

Jersey might be wished, yet the satisfieu^ion of the French would out- 

ballance all other considerations, there being no other hope remaining 

but in their ayde, that the King's party could not do anything. I 

answered that their was little of pure kindness to be expected in the 

actions of States, but of that selfe interest had the greatest share : but 

that if the French should now press the Prince of Wales his coming 

into France, when it was accompanyed vtrith so many inconveniences and 

so much visible detryment to the King's affairs, I could believe no 

other of it but that it was only to serve themselves to that King and 

Kingdomes prejudice, and for my part of the two I had rather the 

English should make advantage of the Prince then the French, and that 

siler the French had declared warr in the King's cause I thought it 

time enough for his Highnesse to go into France^ whereupon the Lords 

Digby and Jermyn very suddenly sayd we have now an opinion wee 

may go to the Queen ; I told them twas plain English. The Lord Jermyn 

mide so much haste into the Queen's Bed Chamber that he was there 

some little time before the Lord Culpeper and I came in. 

When wee came into her Majesty's bed chamber I observed some 

pMsion in her countenance, and the door was no sooner shutt but she 

Bayd, she was resollved to send for her sonne, that she had the King's 

commandfly and had cause to doubt the security of the place, saying, if 

Wee thought the place secure, why did wee desire ayd both of horse 

and foot, arms and monny, for the fortifications, that nothing could be 

clone without the French assistance. The Lord Digby sayd, that he was 

fonnerly of an opinion for his Highness continuance in Jersey but that 

DOW his opinion was altered, because the French were so necessary for 

the King's affairs, the Lord Culpeper spake very much, and to the 

"ttie effect that he had formerly done in the Lord Jermyn's chamber, 

^ truly very weightily and importunatly to my seeming. I told her 

^jesty I believed no humane security to be greater than that of his 

Highness in Jersey, for if the island should be oppressed it must be 

with a very great force, and yet his residence in the castle was secure 

•^8t all the world, from whence he could convey himself into France 

^thoQt danger in some reasonable time, that the desire of those ayds 

^^ for tlie further strength of the island, and it was more honnorable 

ror his Highness to have ample accomodation then suffer any defect, 

*8pe8Bially when so Fmall a mater would do it. The benifitt of 

wtraingne ayd I did not undervalue, nnd that particularly 1 hiid a 

P^*t estimate of the kindness and power of France for the good of 

^ King's affairs, but that in my opinion the greatest hope to restoi*e 

^ King was by the divissions in England between the Presbiteriens 

•^ Independents, that at this very time divissions there were very 

^ninent ; the Citty of London, having presented a veiy sharp reraon- 

U fiOOSO. B 


MM. 01 TBI etranoo and pctitiuu against the IndepondenU, as waa roporied, 
JiaAvfoiT. gathering of handtf to a contrary romon^tnincc ; that I oooceived it 
'~~ lie.Ht for hiH Hi;;hn«^8.s to sitt Htill iiutill thos<^ fMirtys iurcconciIal>olT 

cngngtMl, and that thiM'e were at la*<t Hunie brok«*n patos among tbea, 
that then his Highness mi;;iit do wliat he saw litteat for his father*! 
sorvic<>s; that 1 U'lieved his Highness goinrr into France wonhl ruinc 
all that ex))cetation and nnito thcni, nay nioiv, ] <lid verily 1>eliove as 
to tin* dislike of it all the nation would he nnited. I a4ld(Mi thin that 
ever sini*(? th«^ l^ginnini; of tliiH warr all artitiees and devii*ea that 
could l>c were used to divide them, but it eoidd never he efiect4.*d lo 
long aft the King Inul any visible tir ho|H^full jiowcr, now they thought 
themsclvefl out of his danger, wc saw in what forwarding their dtstfaC" 
tions were, that the Prince going into France would eivata new doubU 
in thrniftelve>. Her Majesty continued very resolute in her dotermina* 
lion, the Ixird Culiic|ier desired her Majesty tliat she would d«>rcrr the 
extvution of it untill he received further a4lviso how his Majestj wat 
satisfied with his reet'ption amongst the Scots, what the pn>C(*ediiig« 
wen* at London upon tlie King*} going to the Seott*s army, and what 
furthtM' progress thert* way in the divi^ions l>e(wrcn tho Pn>shytpriaas 
and lnde|jendants, which her Majesty was pleiued to eondisci*nd unta 
I also further Is'souglit her Majesty that before she would declare the 
time of M*nding for his Highness she would be pleuhcil to give my Lord 
Cul|H*[>er and me leave to atl(>nd lu-r and to al badge in that argiiini*nt 
what would 4irise upon any new accidents or other advertiseuiontiS 
whicli sh4t wa.4 pleased to promiae us. After our (*oming to our 
lodging I told my Lord Cul|>epcr tbi* reason of my nmking that 
motion to the (jnem, fur if wee ibund that her I^lujesty would not 
be diveiiud, that then I thoutrht it m^eessary for us to nnike a digmt 
of our icahons in wrightini; against it, and pres4-iit it unto her, wherobj 
wc might have a giMxl testimony of our diligent pursnanei* uf the 
Instruct ions romitte<l to our chargt* by his Highness and his rouncill; 
wiiieli my Lord (*nl|>e)NT approveti off and hei*e 1 shall set down a con- 
j«*ctun' I then had befori^ my comniing out of her Majesty's bedeliamhcr 
and which ever sinei* will not out of my mind«*, which was ufioti th€ 
expriission nstnl in my l^onl .lenn\n's chundnT at which thev all ro9e» 
my L(»rd Jermyn*^ going t4i the (juefuo bei'ore we canic, and the pasiion 
I obherTinl in her Majesty's countenance, given me cauMC to auapact 
that he acqiiainti^d her with what fell fnim nu% for as-^uietily the con* 
tidencc her Majesty hail formerly in met* was ever atnr nnieh sliaken, 
though truely u|Min all occations >hec used nn^ very giiitiou^ly. 

During our stay which wiw not more then thn>e weeks, there pasHcd not 
after this any solenie debate till att(*r the reception of his MajeaCy*f 
letter. Once I remendier her Majesty told me bhe would pursue Imt 
resolution. I told her 1 hopisl she would suspend it untill she \wmtd 
from hi* Majenty alter bi« being with the Scott^, «if which there wai> 
dHvly exiieetation, but I was told by diverse of my fri«'iuls that liad it 
from ronie of the Lailvs of her lieiichamber, that she wiu< s4i fuUr 
resolved that nuthini; could divert her. I answereil 1 litul mmuo canie 
to fear it, but I did ho[M* tin* bo-t would Jiap|N-n eontrarv to their ei» 
peetation.t. iUlnre our cunilii^ t'ii»ni Jer^i'v the prints tnmi LtMnloii.anii 
those 1 >au lit niv coniin<; to St. .lernivii's. niv Lt^rd Willinttit aUo tell* 
ing nil' lliat iCiclimoml h(»u«e ua.- pii>\ided tor hi- HiL'line*"i n*c«'ptioii» 
put me in .-nriie l'*'<h1 ho|ie that the Pai ti.iiiu :it would -nnl :i mes<.at!C 10 
the I'rinre. wliich 1 hi»p«'tl hii;;ht be such :iu iiiidre^.-e ll^ ^uuld at laat 
cauM* a lopitt' 4it'hi^ ^oin:: into Fmnc*-. and this iiui«ie n;e the willingcr 
to u-M* idl the liflaya I could to mir dispatch, i hiring this time the 
l*iiuce of londy gave the iju*n*n a \isitt, audy as 1 heard, earne»tly per* 


nMBjAed the Prince his coming over, assuring her Majesty his entertain- H|8. oi thm 
nect would be verj honorable. Beaui<St. 

^t length Mr. Montrell, the French Agent, came from Newcastle — 

rl&ere the King was, and brought his Majesty's letter to the Queen, which 
le sent to her the night before he came himself o. Her Majesty sent for 
\By Bnd before my coming the letter was discyphcred, witch she gave 
ae to read, my Lord Culpeper haveing read it before my coming into 
be room. The Queen asked our opinions now we had seen the letter ; 
be Xord Culpeper told her Majesty that the case now happened to be 
ucIa in which it was allways his opinion that his Higlincss should 
ome into France, which was if his Majesty were a prvsoner, and by 
h&t letter he did conceive him now to be soe, and therefore his opinion 
njB for the Prince his coming. I was silent untill the Queen spake to 
ne. I told her Majesty I was sorry that the Prince should remove 
sat of his father's dominions untill there was an excusable necessity 
for it ; that I thought this an ill aiticle of time, the King's haveing pro- 
fessed to advise himselfe by his Parliament, and yet at the same instant 
the Prince should put himselfe under a forraigne power, whereby the 
Kin^om might apprehend a new embroylment, and added that her 
Maiesty would render herself inreconcilable to the whole nation. Shoe 
replyd that she could not help it if it were for the King's service. I 
offered to attend the King and acquaint him with the safe condition of 
tlie Prince his person, and the opinion of the Councill ; I humbly be- 
sought her Majesty not to conceive amiss of me for what I had said 
was as I conceived for her's and the King's service, to whicli I wished 
all felicity by what councells soever conducted. Shce said she did 
Wieve me and gave me many ^rations words, saying withall she hoped 
tl» Lords of his Councell would willingly come along with him. I told 
lier Mi^esty I could not tell but that my business had no difficulty in 
i^ for as I had fiaithfully represented unto her what his Highness had 
given me in comand, so I should with the same fidelity carry back her 
Majesty's pleasure whatsoever it were. Two days after, before we 8i3t 
OQt from St. Jermyns towards Jersey, and at that time I kisst her 
Majesty's hand, she used the same words to me, that she hoped the Lords 
cf Ms Highness Councill would attend him. I made the same answer 
I formerly had done and no other. The day before my coming from 
St. Jermyn I had much speech with Mr. Ashburnham whose opinion I 
foond to be very much against his Highness coming into France, and la 
^ discourse with him I told him I would not attend the journey. 
1^ next day he came to me as I was takeing coach and told me he 
^>ed I would not continue in the resolution I was yesterday, for it 
Would bring great prejudice upon the King's affkirs. I replyed to himi 
^vy Lord at Jersey could ftnde an expe£ent how I might do it with 
07 hoDoor and duty to the King I would not attend one foote of this 
toll journey. There were many interlocatary speeches both of the Lord 
^^gby, Lord Culpeper, and Lord Jermyn, whicn truly my memory was 
^ able to bear away ; their results and conclusions I have faithfully 
'^QTted^ but what was managed by my selfe I am confident I have 
^tber misplaced nor omitted any materiall thing." 


[ [1948.] ^ The passions and prejudices of historians have soe dtsgnlsed 
[ ^a gravest actions that they have countenanc'd that barbarous precept of 
MakoAet who forbidds his followers the use of historic j for — saies bee— » 
^ can beleeve whats past) who none writes truth of the present* 
Tkeof^ this obserration of others errors does not infear my innocencei 

B 2 


MH8.0VTRI jet the sense I have of theire failiugs may argue a likelihood of caation, 
TBSJuioStA oflpetiallie havinrr oxposM this relation during the lives of the emint^nt 
— actors, and mca^urM it by my owne knowledge. 

The people of England having long groane<l under those heavie 
burthens which the usurpers at Westminster had layd upon them began 
to murmur in petitions. Amongst the rest Essex— the first borne of the 
Parliament — being by Time — the parent of Truth— nlispoesos'd of that 
rebellious spirit who had so violentlie engaged them to forge the fetters 
of theire owne bondage, did from a senco of theire misseries, and the 
example of theire neighbours make theire humble addresses by Petition 
to the Parliament for the restitution of religion, the King, and libertie. 

After a moneths attendance on the houses at Westmmster expecting 
they should have made good something of theire promise in theire 
answeare to our petition, which was ^oire speedie endeavouring to 
settle this distracted kingdome— although in the interim theire barbaroaa 
murdring of thn^e petitioners of our neighbour countie might have 
resolv'd our hopes — yet wee were so obstinate in our patience that wee 
shutt our eyes against the light of our reason which clearelie reflected 
the desigue of our enslaverie, untill wee were informed that some of our 
countreymen — the most of them of very contemptible qualitie — under the 
motion of a Comittee of Parliament were assembled at Chelmsford the 
countie towne, where — upon pretence of explaining our petition — they 
threatened and ddudeil some of the weakt*-sighted petitioners into the 
subscription of a pa|)er, contradictorie to the very letter of theire fietitiony 
and in itsi^lfe incongruous, but agreeing with theire former practLec, 
where an impudent assiTting of a fali*ehood, liath beene the powerful! 
figure in theire rlietorick. 

Wee — justly apprehending the censure of forgerie — conven'd our 
petitioners at the same place to avowe theire owne sense ; and moet of 
them appear*d in armes — which sure was reasonable, — the bleeding 
example of our neighbour countie, being a sufficient argument to invite 
us to a selfe preservation. 

UfMin this conjuncture the remains of tliat loyall and valiant partie of 
th«* Kenti!<hmen — under the conduct of the right honorable the Karle n( 
Norwich — cam** into our countie for succour, but having bounded this 
rellation by my owne prospect theire storie will not fall within mj 

This alarmed the Houses at Westminster who, apprehending the anion 
of our counties, and conjunction of our neighbours in so just a causey 
—for now tlie kingdome was so generally disabus*d, that loyalltie was 
become as diil'usive, ss . . . . had beene infectious — they humbled 
themselves to theire old arts, and otferr*d as an Act of Indempnitici 
upon condition that we would render to them the gentlemen of Kent as 
a well pK'ftsing sacrifice ; but if wee could have beene so wicked as to 
liave broaken the lawes of hospitalitie, yet misserable wee were too 
well ai*quaint4*d with theire thirst of blood to thinke this offring could 
appi^ase; but wee should first have given up our friends to the sUoghter, 
to have enab]e<l them the better to have murderer! a^ ; soe that all tbo 
advantage we<* could have expecte<l fn>m theire Act of Indempnitie, ws« 
noe more than Poliphemus prv)mLH*d U liases, to lie the last devour*d, yet 
this deoei|>t so wrought u|K)n the feares of some of our mcane-spirited 
oounterymen, as Sir William Hickn and others — ^who march 'd in the first 
rankes of our ]M*titioners— that they were frightened into an iniamoaa 
apostaicie to tlieire loyalties and honours, and t4> a breach of theire 
Gaith, which they ha4l preingag*d to the g<*ntlemen of Kect : whome bj 
the bonds of justice, honour, and inten*st, wee were oblig*d to aasisU 
This meene example of the gentlemen shaked, and had almost disoWii 


the assembly of our couutreymen, had not the honourable Sir Charles hhs. of Tim 
Lucas— rlike a worthy patriot — atept in to the rescue of his countrey, ^^vvort. 
and reason'd those that remained into a resolution of adhering to theire • ""^ 
first engagement. 

And though persuasion was not his talent, yet then his eloquence was 
80 prevalent and so ingenuouslie fitted to his tumultuous auditorie that 
they not only assented to his persuasions, but elected him their leader, 
which was a popular aprobation of his Highness the Prince of Wales 
his choice, by whose commission he was authoris'd to command in that 

The humours of the people being thus alter'd wee secured the rebels 
Comittee, who presuming that the specious Act of Indempnitie — like the 
Grolden Aple of discord — would have disolv'd our union, had the impu- 
dence — ^whilst wee were in armes — to continue upon the place, voting 
and disposing of our lives and fortunes. But the people — who are 
allwayes in extreames — ^having chang'd theire feares into Airie, grew so 
violent, that wee could hardly rescue them from theire rage, two of them, 
Mr. Charles Bich and Sir Harebottle Grimstone, were permitted to pass 
to Westminster, upon theire engagement to dispose the Parliament to 
receave the Kentishmen within the Articles of Indempnitie, which if 
our merciless masters would have granted they had becalm' d this worthy 
attempt for libertie, and prevented tlitit wast of honorable blood and 
mine of the countrey. 

Wee continued some few days at Chelmsford to receive the supplies 
who came into us from all parts of the kingdome, who though they 
engros'd our body scarce strengthened our partie, for confusion (which 
is inseparable to such popular assemblies) rendered our numbers in- 
efPectoally and though the feare of a present invader, or the hopes of 
future conquest made us consent in the end, yet the diversitie of 
passions, amongst soe manie men, contending naturally for honour and 
advantage one upon another, made us difier in the meanes, so that with- 
out a submission to discipline, members are soe farr from opposing theire 
oiemies, that they distracte theire mutuall peace ; besides the countrey 
gentlemen, whose rellations and habitudes with the people gives them 
the greatest interest amongst them, want the skill to conduct them, and 
jet they are generally soe zealous of the esteeme of theire courage and 
judgements, that they will not endure (the assistance of experiene'd 
aouldiers. This was the fatall infirmitie of popular insurrections and 
was the cause of theire mine in Kent. 

On Saturday the 10th of June wee march'd from Chelmsford in the 
sight of Collonell Whaley who 2 dayes before was advanced towards us 
with a considerable partie of horse, and foote, and held them on a common 
about two miles distant from our quarters, from whence hee gave us 
frequent alarmes. In our march wee enter'd my Lord of Warwick's 
house at Leighs, where wee tooke two bras sakers, some muskets, 
pistols, carobins, and pikes, with a good proportion of powder and 
match, all excellent in theire kinde, a very seasonable supply, wee having 
many brave men who march'd on foote with us unarm'd, whose zeal to 
the cause enbarqu'd them in the adventure without respect to theire 
convenience, espetially those gallant youthes the apprentices of London, 
who had braken their indentures to keepe their allegiance, a race of the 
most hopefull souldiers that I ever saw, whose gentle behaviour, bold 
and generous actions, justiiie their births (being most of them gentlemen 
whose natures were not yet corrupted with the love of gaine, that leven 
which sonres the mass of generous qualities) and therefore were runn 
away from their sordid and rebellious masters. Wee wonder'd much 
the enemie had not secur'd this magazine, they having it in their power. 


1cm.oTTni but the eareftiU obflenrer of this relation will findo thej are cftpable of 

^tATm ^^' OTersightfl. Whilst we halted in Leigh'i Farice there came in to 

— - ua a troope of horse from Hartfordahire under the command of Colonell 

Sajers a gentleman who had formerly fi»erved the Parliament, but being 

nndeoeived was come to make atonement for his fault, and acquitted 

himaelfe with greate honour aud Industrie during the whole action. 

That night wee marched to Braintree, the encmie looking on our rears 

at distAuce, which respeet we most acknowledge with thanks to Colonell 

Whalej, for had hee attempted us in all probabilitee wee had bin 

broaken, he having above a thousand old horse, and wee not a hundred 

in anj forme that wee could trust, and wee maroht over J^eigh's Parke, 

a verj large oampaignia, but sinoe wee have understood the Golonell's 

character to bo a >-erjr mercifull man in the fieldi but bloody at a oourte 

of warr. 

There wee rested on Sundaj and disgrsted the volunteers into severall 
troopes under the comand of the Lord Norwich, Lord Capell, Lord 
Loughborough, and Sir Charles Lucas» but rereaving intelligence that 
Faiifax with the rest of his armie was joined withe Whaley and the 
Essex rebells, under the comand of Sir Thomas Honejrwood* Collonell 
Harelackentien, Colonell Cooke, and other firebrands of their countrj, 
and aprehemling they might fall on us on both sides of the towne, wee 
drew out in the night on tho highway towards Suffblko as if wee had 
designM our march towurdff the ImIc of Elje, and I have ben sinoe 
inform'd tliat wee were blam*d bj some for not acting what wee only 
feignM to amuse the enemie. But there are a race of men who pretend 
to wiftlomo by censuring events, never considering the meanes; if these 
had seene us on our march with 4000 undisciplined men, and tho 
enemie at our heeles with SMX> old horse and above 4000 footo, I am 
eonildent thene censurers would not have undertaken to have brought op 
the reare, but those were such as ssto securely under theire own tIms, 
defaming tho conduct of those brave men who wateh'd and bledd Id 
redeeme them from slaverie, whilst they hasarded theire lives onelj by 
snrfetts, and theire fortunes by drinking malignant healthee, and yet Bke 
the infatuated Israelite's were still murmuring at their deli verera. Othen 
have condemned us for not sending a partie in our van to pos s e a se hi 
inoonsiderable forte in the Isle of Mersey, which was not over seeno,lNit 
bad l)ei>ne in effect to have given so many m(*n to tlie enemie, for the 
island being five niilee from Colechestcr, and the access in the power of 
the enemie — l>eing masters of the field,— wee oould neither have releev*d 
them nor brought them off ; and though the enemie hail sufier*d as to 
possess it, yet it would have alwa3rs beene in their power to bave 
hinder'd any releefe that might have come to as bv sea, the toi 
being above a mile from the river, so it is evident it would not h 
aiptnified to our designe. There are other frivolous objections whidi 
some vulgar spirits — that cannot keepe in favour with themselves bat by 
finding faultes in others— have made to nur conduct which I wiU act 
trouble myselfe to answeare, for I think it very unreasonalile to 
those masten< of my time that minpend their owne. AAer we had 
tintir<l nn houre or two at our rendevouH wc*e drew backe throogh tiM 
town4» ami man*h*d thnt night to Ilalstead, having so deceived the ene«le 
by thisstratairem, who were within three houre*s march of us, that they 
knew not which way to follnwi* um. Hecre wee hsltetl untill our reare 
wnn come up, and then coutiniied mir man*h tomards Colechesler. On 
our WBV u'ee were inett hv neere a thousand of the towneitmen who broaki^ 
through their guardn to welcome us as their deliverem from a teadioos 
aervitmle under a rcbellioos magistracy, for though the Hotiaca at 
Westminster pret(*nd so strongly to justice aud the preservation of tile 


liberties of the subjects, yet heere wee may admitt an apt instance 
amongst thousands more to prove their arbitrary government. At the 
election of the mayor, the Parliament having notice that the free 
horghers of this corporation had chosen one Alderman Shawe, a person 
qualified for the office — but honestly and rdigiouslie principled and so 
tinfitt for their ends — ^they sent a troope of horse to force a new election 
of one Alderman Cooke, an ignorant wretch that only followed the mace 
and consented, whilst the factious sectaries mislead the people. For this 
towne had beenc long possest with tho spirit of disobedience to the 
doctrine and discipline of the church, and heresie is always the fore- 
runner of rebellion, for when the hollie ancor of religion is puld up, the 
liarke of State is subject to every storme, and the rebells at Westminster 
f»nspiring to defame the King and prelats with their pretended indul- 
gence to poperie, approv'd this separation, soe that these seotaries broake 
the lawes not only with impunitie but snccesse. 

Our advan'd partie was oppos'd by some horse of the towne which had 
l)eene lately rais'd upon a pretence of awingc the poore, growne mutinous 
through decay of trade, but designed by the separatists to suppresse the 
petitioners, which Sir Charles Lucas hearing who march'd in the van 
ii our forces, galloped to them with a partio of gentlemen, and im- 
vnediately forced them into their gates, and apprehending that the 
^>bBtinacie of the disafiected might involve the innocent in equall danger 
"With the guiltie by the indistinguishing souldier — in case they should 
liave oppos'd our entrance — out of his tenderness to the towne — being 
^he place of his birth — hee ordered CoUonel Tuke and Colonell Maxey, 
Iwtng both their countreymen, to goe in to the inhabitants and advise 
their rendring of the place, and by them remonstrated the grounds of 
oar engagement in pursuance of our petition, with assurance of in- 
^letopnitie to their persons and fortunes, which— as farr as our necessities 
^oold oomporte-^was faithfullie observed. Their troope of horse only 
ynm ezoepted, for that shewed premeditated malice, for the rest that 
^irera in armes, wee looked upon them as the ordinarie guards of the 
Corporation, and so were willing to suppose a reason for their forgive* 
■ms. Tet from those that were excepted their horses only and armes 
yfete taken, and their persons left at iibertie ; though by agreement upon 
condition, the towne, their lives and fortunes, were to be at the mercie 
of Sir Charles Lucas, who hath now receaved the reward of his christian 
charitie, whilst his barbarous murderers are persecuted with their owne 

gOiit. AmOT^ tihPHo hr\r^ wftrft mi\ny nC T^nrdfnld tinH r>ftHfiQ7n^ ^^ 

l ieighbonr townes, whose inhabitants subsist by the ma nufacture of 
tUMtij who being poore and populous are naturally mutinous and ho ldp^ 
tod their masters who sett them on worke beiq g gpnPi'nJIiA gntv^iH m^p 
^ yftoie passion for their prc^tt gave them sncii a continuall jeal ousie i)t. 
^ decmy of trade, that the Faniament^whoso constant stile was tender- 
yw of commerce— tound them allwayes disposed t o receive thftjr 
hppreBsions. and tn doAvPi thftm toTheir workmen, bo that the ^Inthwra I 
through the whole kingdome were rebells by their trade, but these ' 
townee oreed an omcious race of tray t ors, who un summoned are s till 
" ^PKgrB in reb<sniOfl. Those all escaped and afterwards joined ~witfa 
OttT besif gfifiil The gates were opened, and wee marched throu;;h tho 
*<>wne in greate order, and drew our men into the lower courte of my 
*^rd Lucas his house, which having beene formerly an abbey was 
^ptbte of receaving them all, with a designe to encampe there ; that 
O'if BouWiers being still in our sight might be the better diciplinod and 
« fesdier to receive the enemy. But the inhabitants of the towne who 
W promised to furnish us with provision, were so distracted with the 
ooveltieof their busines — having never seene an army before — that they 

MSS. or Tin 




>F THi Buffered our souldicra to want, which created soe great a mutinie that it 
L_-u5oiT. ^«"* *^^'® ^^*® ®^^*^ *"^ authoritie of the officers to appease, for it ii ia 
•— * * vaine to threaten a lesse punishment to those who are sensible of a 
greater, and there is noe death more terrible than 8tar>'ing, soe we were 
forst to let them march into the towne before their quarters were made, 
where wee reposed that night. The next day about two of the dock in 
the afternoone wee were alarmed by the enemies drununers before wt 
had the least intelligence of their aproach — such was the negligence of 
our scouts — and ere we could dispose our men into order they wef* 
advanced within muskett shott of the suburbs. Wo drew out hasttUe 
to them a considerable partie of our foote, an<l some horse and lyned the 
hedges. After some dispute — the cnomie aiWancing boldly opon QS 
with a farr greater body of horse and foote — and forced our men to 
rotreate, and pursued them to Head-gate, where stood the Bight 
Honorable the Lonl Ca[>ell with a partie of horse to receive the 
enemio ; but justly apprehending that the disorder of our men retreat- 
ing, and the narrowness of the placo^ would render his hone 
unservecable — like himselfe, that is a man of incomperable honor and 
presence of judgment in the gre.itest dangers — hee allighted, and tooke 
a pike, who was presently seconded by Sir Charles Lucas, Sir George 
Lisle, and two or three others, and there these worthies — like Horatios 
Cocles-^po8e<l themselves to the furie of the enemie, whilst under the 
cover of their courage, the remains of our men saved themtelvet 
within the porte. Tlien those bucklers of their partie retreated with 
their faces to the enemie, selling every fctote of ground they parted 
with at the price of the invader's lives. An action — without flatterit 
to the living, or the memories of the dead — that would be thought ■• 
worthy of place in a cronicle, as any that is legible in ancient storici 
if the envie to our contemporaries did not make us to idoliae cor 
ancestors, as if it were the prerogative of time, and not the quality of 
the persons, and exploits, that dignified our actions ; but I have beene 
•o just to the memories of the dead, that I have purposly concealed 
the names of the living that seconded them in this encounter, least the 
envie to those might robb these of their fame. In this service wo loil 
Colonell Cooke, a young gentleman of good expectation, who dyed of 
his wouiuls us soom* as he was brought of thf field, and tluU worthy 
gentliMnan Sir William Campion, whose conduct was e<]ual to his courage^ 
and that was only exceeded by his reasone, for nothing was above hii 
daring that was level with hin disrrelion. Sir William Tjeyton, and 
Lieut. •Colonel Hawlins were Uikcn prisoners, with a hundred and flfftia 
private soUiierr*, but the enemy sweld their list to a far greater number* 
by [tutting in the inhabitants of the suburbs whom they tooke out of 
their houses. Tlie fiortcs were closed, nnd our men dispoMHl to tha 
walls which wen* boldly attempted by tlie enemy, being ailvantaged bj 
some houses of the suburbs which joined to St. Marie's church-yanlo^ 
from whence they leaped into the towne as confidently as if the 
extravagance of their daring could have confounded our resolutions* or 
that it had bin their only busines to soeke — what they found — their graToa 
in that church yard ; vnllour — if well oondurted ^-worthy of a better 
canw. In some here might have Iteene scene the t*onfidenre of the 
aMUiylant*s Hccu^tomed to eoixiuer, and the courrage of the d(*fendanta 
heightened by the justice of their (*au*(e. During the hente of this 
eonfliet the enemii*'— most unsouldierlike — sent in a lrum|M>tt with a 
sunionn to rentl(*r the towne, which was cennerally dispisi^il lK)th by tha 
otlioT** and soultliers, upon which they drew up two pieces uf cannon 
to batter the porte; but that was so well blinded by the bowses of the 
suburbs, tluit U*fure they could come to their levell they were within 


the mercie of our muaketiers, who at the first volley kiPd their carriage MSS. ovths 
horseSy many of their souldiers, and forced them to leave their cannon ^Iufobt. 
under the favour of our shott. Uj>on this their Generall — being — 

highly enraged-— ordered that they should burne the houses which joined 
to the walls, by which meanes they hoped to have fired the towne, but 
by God's providence, and our greate industry it was prevented. Not- 
withstanding their miscarriages in these designes, they continued there 
onslaught with greate obstinacie untill twelve at night, but by that time 
being sufficiently beaten into a beleefe of our resolution, they tooke the 
advantage of the night and drew off to London, about a mile from this 
towne, leaving us their cannon and many of their dead. This assault 
was an effect of tbeir furie — which in aimes is as fatall as feare — for 
they fell on upon the strongest quarter of the whole towne, and notwith- 
standing the unlikelyhood of their attempt and the resolution of our 
defense, yet — such was their insolence from former success — that they 
were deafe to the retreate which their Generall often caused to be 
sounded. This madness amongst the vulgar is more admired than true 
valour, and the reason is manifest, for they judge only by the appearance 
without considering the cause, soe that the extreame, though it formes 
the vice, yet renders the action more conspicuous. But the wise dis- 
tingaish better, and unless our actions be honorably descended — that is 
flow from worthy causes — they will allow them noe place among the 
virtues. In this attempt, according to their owne accompte there were 
killed and disabled at least 600 of their private souldiers, with many of 
their considerable officers. On our parte after wee entered the gates 
wee lost but 17 common souldiers and not one officer of commission. 

The next day the enemie kept their distance and consider'd, and 
though wee found by their lookes that they were sicke of their last 
attempt, yet had wee reingag^d them, wee had certainly given them the 
meanes of their owne revenge ; for they were so numerous in horse and 
held themselves on a campania, that they would easily have ridd us 
over, yet wee heare some inconsidering lookers on have censured us as 
fiuling in courage, but it is the common practize of meane spirits to cry 
up imprudent hazards to give themselves the reputation of valiant, 
knowing they shall be applauded by the vainer — which is the greater 
parte of mankinde — ^for these ranters would act their parts but coldly if 
there were not fools to admire them. But wee are soe secure in the 
just fame of om* conduct thut wee may safely protest against their 

Wee— like the Jewes in Jerusalem, — ^with our swords in one hand and 

our trowells in the other, began to repaire the mines of our walls 

which were many, this towne being one of the antientest foundations of 

the kinedome, for if wee credit historic it was built by Coyle a chiefe 

Kng of the Brittaines, whose daughter Hellen was married to Constan- 

tins, finther to Con stan tine the Greate. But the walls are a sufficient 

fecorde of its antiquitie, being builte after the olde artelesse fasshion, 

without flankers and scarce proofe against arrowes. Towards the north 

«nd of the towne there was above five hundred places without any 

fortification at all, which the enemy in their furie over sawe. In sum 

the place was so uufitt for a garrison, that it would not have beene 

thought a fast quarter. 

Wee looked into the magazine of the towne, where wee found 
70 harrells of powder with some match, and in private houses neare 
• thousand armes, then we searched the stores for provision and 
^ the Hithe, a parte of the east suburbs where a small river riinns 
^to a creeke of the sea, wee found two thousand quarters of rye with a 
greate proportion of salte and wine, which wee brought into the towne. 


M«« ArrnE hiu] ilic>ii^li uniT i-« fi'>r to hi- inii.U* wiili n'-fw^rt, nii»l nrcf*Miii#» « 
|ii fci..i liB^i* «;i:rfiiitt<i tlif iimkliL' hm- of llii*- i>n«viMO|i. v«'l we«» fhuuM 

111 k' f<iBl ' . 

— - ir:\iit litKfii'i !• r ilif ii ii.i^iii -• ii:> lit ni' the o\viifr«. K* (lt«*T tad 

Im-imi onr kr.ii\v:M' • r.i'iii:«-«, iiini (ii'tuiiliy in ariiir-i ntrti:i«t iif 
inhiiMfi'.ro M< :•' ih in'ii-li ;i:ii!i/'ii ui tliii plt'iity n<i otir ««'iT«««, ff< 
niMl.i! •'uv ! ■ t'-'T. i»i« i:.i«rM ili»* lowm- tli** iMM.n» ir«'n» ronipUn 
ill ill- ">iri- 1^ () it tlicv ii>>ilil ti>i( >:i-it mri.f tor t}ifir ini*nrT • l! 
Imwi ll-Ii <•«•■ ri."i. I.:int4 liming iii^ro^-M it tn ciiliriiiM' tin- firic^. 
(•o>l — wli<*M> J'imx iiii tti-f i«i I'Vi-r nil lilx winkrF — (i)«|:0»'f| illoaoQ 
Mill Tliu* till* Alliii:i:hiy i* ^l«>rifii(l in ttur iinns mhX mil U 

fMtlT tV'Mli' ni> .iti*. 

'J'lii* iiti-iiiii- lit^.iiii) tlii-ir liii*' t*\ (-ir«Minivrtlliitinn mi iIm* ^otith pari 
thr tn\«:.*-. \V< •• }N-:iif i>iir •iniiiiin** t\\r v«i!iiiitfi*r«. iimrii anil Hi«4(] 
our rnxr nu ii : tlii-n Wii* M-iit fortli pnili«-<4 ui linr«o ixiUi Tniil 
liuniliftl i«. |i ti-ii III prov:«.fi;:.4. II linn-ii (ilnrc Inir tlii> nnlr r|ixAii^ 
thi* «->>iM)t'tv w) Irli \vfi< fiMil'i tfiiif h : in wliirh wi> pni*r<->litl v.rl 
miird ri'*[-( rt t" i ur iiii'iiiU tlint \ii-«* iiiMin-il (iMrM*lvi*« Th«* r 
h«ii)<'r:ili;>- tIip I.tiI [.I'MjIih •rn'i'.'h ^^ii« ]>I**A«' il to tiko lite rmrr 
Iruul i* »*\' ' Mr ] \*>\:''i -n-. nl \v|ii«mi uiiil ilu* ii>«? (irih** nuMvmt'n in 
i<iii!:i.;«'iM> lit •••• M i\y rnily miv. tiuit ihtniirli their hinli« tuM m< 
luiciii M.-iU • !:tiil>- t)ii III t<i :i<. liiiiif»r!iM«> fiii|iiuTiiiciit« a% #l|)j#*<t* 
ra{ :iM- ■ iJ. 1' T t! > \ •!. -• . u .•**{ fn t\w ii.i':iri«-t iiinlfriiikiftirH iluit ir 
riiiiiT i\i!'i Til i!: ■ j-'s'-li-rii- i i.«li' .\rn)iit:o!. — that w«» th« jrf^t 
i!i«fa«i- : I • iir :<-rin* r ;ii:ii\i ^ — was hi rri' \i'rv iiiin'h ont nf rt-unteDJ 
til liti-lx l) -il i.i>'iii :( lit'l a il.tfi'rrr.i l.n; a tnii' \iiluf tniRi ihf hiitr.% 
iji.'I- rtak r-<j* . t' •! w> i- <-.iM»ili'rfil tiii^ ni-timi a« itii honnmltU- Mrit 
tif L'' nti'Tti I! !••: (il* .r km til-: i>;lit« -I nicMiic thrir {•m|ir:rtifi« liA 
ani] intifi-. (• •! i«y l' •• l:iW'-«- a:.n>iM<it iitH'iiy Aiii] l>.iH-:iruu» munlrr^ 
Ch<*'*t'<»r • it i' \i* (n )it:ii«^nll hninN t«i thr wurki*. havjrif fn 
bv *^*\ f\t'* rp'iKV i)i" iM.Th* nhii-!i h:iil iiviTTnki'ii u« in lh«* for 


wnrt** I'V I iir '•./:w -. i^KiiVi ^w- « alli'<l iiKiiliTHtiiii , urul indiffpffrtic 
tic* t A'i«<-. w'l. h \\:i- »•' i'il :i |'i(*ii<( ilirtruM in thp arim* of fl?«h, 
thn'i::?i It I'!' i?-"'l fi -! miiih tiiu"* In i:iv" Mjrri'«« <*\tni«iniinanlr to 

iii«rii I' *.\i*' ('.ti;-*\ }*t ••r<iitmnly hi< ^r\\* it Vt the in«luMri«* oi n 

III I Li- .fi'-i ru t!.»' >iii;" r«-Tit»- MmltT ilio i^fmianl r»f CVJ* 
Knt r;n<l'-*iiti. ( i>l<ni 1 i i>iiir>|iii. ( <>liiMi-ll I'*«hIipi in ifi II, Captain Mm 
aihl •>'!•■-{*. Will |ii I -iiiii{' i| i<i ifiiitt thi-ir {inB-i-* at SlralfKil 
NM\M!t>| — wi.'if :it *. r«? till ^ inirciMifJ «>iilv thr i*« ciirinif of thriT'i 
I. ;••• ■ ■! ' r i- ■!. ■ •..-•i - siMit:.'-: ■■ :i ii- Mti** r-, ««kr« 
pn f> ; •! 'I .•;•-. !• ••! • !:i«:i>f!, )i\ \ r* ii«->iniiiritiiii; ihrin Hith thr ftoa 
t'f I' r I J ji.-rntr ', :il: I ?'•• :i*I:««' «•! iiiii | liM^iHiiinu^ ; l»1It ti 
lii.aai r-i' !• j- ; !•■ w»T«' ■•iii».! Iiv tliii*i» trhiToTV tfi ihrir rotiDirii 
filii»»n l''i.'f:i\ I' i| "I n*. •"•n.** Tri-»|i • i-t l.Mr*«-, lnhvari] th«*ir liri^ ^ 
till \ : i/ f ■ . -I T".- r lil-rri- ' K-t thi- n nrii' ii* «il S'lffnlkr Wf 

ili«l«>*'il t r '•>• • I' ■ .» j| th» ro wi'p- iil-civp fmip* ffi<>u«ar(il 

nti'ii** "• ^n h'-'iT' • \\ '■' r • III • III ill 111 i.iir -iiiiii'ir, « .th mtn fT 
a •• ■ -• • t •■ .1 - '^' r ; _•' .1*. I !|.i :! i.wni« *iim* tjinjj iMi^rir« ifc 
lH*a 1 !. •*!: •:'•'■• :.;"■: I -■•!*• -It r!il'!t tri*!-ili'iiH*ri nf th«Mr mcfl 

xl.A'. il -•-'- ! '). w ! i }. I*. • :. ;i'iii Imn iiit i<f hi^ |iiiu«r to k 

If^il i*t- . !..•..!■ ■ •■ . ;■ ■ •*.! t.;iTi- ;)m>|i- canif bti t4t)er fr- 
J-:- H - I": • • .•: ^^ ..!• « linil <*oinrniMi«in*4 ft 

• ••■• . ■ . t . ■ • - ■ .••.,■■« •:•■ i|:: -j lli. i : n^t t«* lii-ni" ui«>n t 
»ii« ^- I'M ■ • I • ■• v- I !iiiii iriin '!■■■ I"!i--lf^ itriin ^ 

!.i! .r ■• ■ '\ • . » : •• :i .11 " J thit Ti:i* :r( :• a«r <«j I 

iiti-:i ■ ■ •■ . • ■ I r- \i isi \]:" r i!' • jp« —Mhirh 

1.. n" !r .. • ;•■ r'i. . .• .-T.iy T.i • h-iiii;i> ihfir I! 

iir»H .,1 I •.* i:l r li:. .n : t |i.r ht*^ lliKhuct^ tbr lV.O€ 


Waksy being then in London, urging that if wee proceeded wee should 3188. ov raa 
^▼e their partie such jcalousie, who were conscious of their i^ilt and bbavwom, 
httd not oontracted for their indempnitie, that wee should hinder their '^^ 

oonjunotion with the Scottish armie, under the commande of Duke 
Hamilton^ and prevent that hopefull engagement of my Lord of 
Holland — ^which like an erring light misleade some well affected 
gentlemen and then vanished. Thus were the lojall affections of our 
neighbours supprisM and the zeale of the whole kingdome cool'd ; for 
most of the counties in England were readie to sett foorth by their 
ezmmple, and thus was our greate master and his faithful! subjects 
■acrifioed to the dispaires of this false and fearefuU partie, who were at 
laat — lo Qod's glorj and their owne eternall confusion — fallne into the 
pitt which they dig'd for others, having with the losse of their lives and 
fortunes raya'd this monster to this dreadful! growth ; for unle^ the 
serpent had devoured serpent hee had never bin a dragon, 

FVom this there hupn'd nothing veiy memorable until Friday the 

seaventh of July, when wee made our grand salley upon the cast 

BuburbSy with six hundred foote, and a hundred and fiflie horse. This 

p«rtie was commanded in chiefe by Sir Charles Lucas, under him Sir 

George Lisle commanded the foote, Sir Bernard Gascoine the horse, 

and Major Ascott the forlorn hope ; who with very great resolution 

passed the bridge flanked with their cannon, and the houses filled with 

musketiers, and possest their worke at the end of th«) streete ; then 

falling into the backs of the houses wee took and killed about a 

hundred. Not content with this wee advanced, forcing the enemy to 

retreate, uatili they were succoured by their horse, and then the match 

grew unequail. Wee through the naiTownes of the pass not being able 

to make use of our horse, and fileing our foote through their turnpike, 

the precipitation of peticulars — as is usually— hindred the progresse of the 

general], so that wee could not bring up our reserves in any order. 

The miemie regained the ground to their worke, where wee disputed it 

some lime, until! wee had overthrowne their cannon into the river, 

which wee could not draw off the water being see high ; and then 

retreated in very greate order. In this action neither of us had any 

very great cause to boast. On our parte Mr. Weston and Captaine 

Weekes were prisoners. On the enemies were tooke Captaine Moody, 

and slew Colonel Shambrooke, successor to Colonel Needham who was 

killed in their first attempt against the towuc, whose regiment their 

Vioe*Admiitdl Rainsborough — being out of his element — vouchsafed 

to receave ; for private souhliers wee found enough in our prisons to 

•^jnst our accounts. But in our treatie for exchange wee receaved very 

rude and unsouldierlike messages from that malicious wretch Whaley, 

wko commanded on that parte of their leaguer, which were disadvoued 

Vf his General!, and despised by us. 

By this time the enemie had advanced their lino of communication 
to St. John's, my Lord Lucas his house, where wee had made a slight 
retrcMdchuient to retard their working, which thoy battered and stormed, 
hut it was resolutely justified untill by their Land granndors our men 
vere much disordered. Then they blew up their ammunition and i)arto 
<>fthe house and quitted it, their rotreate being secured from our wall. 
In thin action Major Jamot, a Walloone, behaved himself with greate 
iKmor and discretion, who though a souldier of fortune acquitted himselfe 
^hrougli the whole warr with strict integritie and abstinence from 
plunder, and signalized his courage and conduct in many (»ncounters. 
The enemie being possest of the house, exercised their brutal! rage upon 
^ bare walls, for there was nothing else that remainetl, this being one 
t'tbe first houses in England which suffred by that fatall libertie of the 


MsH ..f rifK 


iiifi Tiil.nj !•■ - r\ ■ l?i«'!."« Ivf- i-f f]|f ir ' 1 !.■! !"'ir!' , t^ ! -flv -'I'frnI *•!! 
ii|'|<!]i ;•!• i t)]> ir \.'\ li I' r*' tin .r - • i;;].t<t>'ir* : I'Ut !.ki- u;<*k.lfJ 
I • injiir-r*- th- \ • f?« n r.n-i! t). •'■ -i-ir;!- ul... !i fh.i i"«i':! 1 'n«il i«T ; 
r r iiii'!' : « i'\' I I'f .'• il I" l!.«- I I'l-i", till j»- -•: ■• !• \ il!i- I thi- 1 1* li i>t SiOi 
|i:ir • • - r»nl . ... 

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I.i<!il I. Ill PI-, \\<ri- -li Ijift Iv l'tii><j. iLui {}.•.' -: :.!:•<• liAir*- wen 

Mh- •■n»MMii-'!." 

'Mil li ll.i V -atTiii-l t!ji" I iil'i' I* ^'. :'}l l-!"?.ll:i- ••»!-. nrii! rut f^ 

lh«- li.i.r ill.! U'Tf T If; rl.t .r lia'-. 

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those inferior officers and souldiers that were naturally inclined to order, ^ISticbof^ 
were at length soe deceived bj the splendor of their vices, that they Bbaupobt; 
cormptod into all sorts of licence, a disease the enemie was not then ""^ 

capable of, for their officers being mechanicks, of the meanest trades, 
understood no pleasure^, soe that to them labour was naturall, which is 
to bee deducted from the accompts of their meritts." 

Therefore ho hopes his own party svill take this lesson, for in military 
affairs industry still triumphs over wit. 

** The enemie began their approaches on the east part of the towne, 
called Berrie fields, which wee suffi-ed with great silence from our cannon, 
for besides our want of ammunition, wee desired an assault, as the 
likeliest meanes of our releife ; only to free us from surprise wee were 
forst to fire some of the neighbouring houses of the suburbs, where the 
enemie might have lodged their whole army within pistoU shott of our 
walls. But soe farr any unnecessarie waste, that let the success bee 
viewed by any considering souldier, and wee are confident hee will con- 
demne our respect for endangering our safetie, which wee endeavored 
to secure with extremitie of duty. . . . But it was not the enemie's 
designe to storme us, for they attempted us rather like serpents than 
souldiers, creeping to our walls to corrupt our people, whom they found 
proof e against all their delusions, for wee may justly avow that hitherto 
onr private souldiers acted as resolutely and sufficed as cheerfully as any 
that ever served his Majesty." [There was in most of them a sense of 
honour which prevented those honest arts practiced in extremities by 
which common soldiers are deceived into their duty], '* especially those 
gallant youthes the London Apprentices whose worthy loyalties will 
rise up in judgment against their rebellious masters." 

The last month passed quietly, for the enemy knew that we must be 
reduced by our wants, and we allowed them to make their approaches 
unchecked for lack of ammunition. Complaints of neglect on the part 
of their friends in the field. During the siege they did not receive ten 
lines of advice from any considerable person in the kingdom. 

** The enemy intending to feel our pulse, having approached within 

eight yards of our walls on Berryfield, they battered with six peeccs of 

tbeir cannon for ^ve hours, and drew their men into their trenches 

with a countenance of falling on. Wee brought up our seconds, 

Bmongst whom marched the brave Lord Capell, in the head of halber- 

dies, exposing himself to the greatest hazards with soe resolved a 

piesence that, where hee appeared, the meanest spirits could apprehend 

no danger, for as it was their wonder did divert their f eare .... 

Bnt after the enemie had made above 200 greate shott and opened an 

vsiultable breache, they considered who were within and drew ofi*, and 

w)e their design ended in smoake and noise." 

But the besieged were now compelled to reduce the allowance of bread 
to seven ounces a day. " It was receaved without murmuring by the 
^oddiers, though being made of maulte oates and rye which had taken 
*lte water, it was not only distastefull but such unwholesome foode, 
^ many chose to eat their horse and doggs fiesh without it. But 
toe greater sulFering was of the poor inhabitants, who having spent 
their three hundred quarters of com, which from our excesse of charity 
Wee gave them out of our magazeen, and the cruell enemie not permitt- 
^ them to passe out of the towne, having shott many women and 
^dren that attempted it, they were reduced to that extremity that 
"*y eate soape and candle, which they endured with notable resolution, 
'or wee managed our despaires vnth soe greate an assurance, that an 
^XMople had a generall infiuence. But upon review of our magazine, 
ttd the provisions of private families, wee found our store soe little, 


Mw ••fmi l)::if it \\.\* tliii<i.:iit fit! tiriif !•• *• !i<l :• !• ttrr Co Faiif.ix, whrp-;n 

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prisoners without the privity of the Parliament, and those officers to whom M88. oi vtm 
they were assigned have ransomed and set all at liberty, many of them ]£^vr<MtT. 
after they were sent up to the Parliament, they — as it is conceived — •— 

finding their lives were secured by the assuring ouorter upon the 
articles, voted them to banishment. If neither of these be valid, one 
being done by the General to whom they rendered, and the other by 
the Parliament against whom they had offended, and to whom the 
Qeneral had delivered them up, how can any person be secured of hiH 
life in a military or parliamentary way ? " 

Queen Hi£Nbietta Maria to the Marquis of Worcester. 

1648, May 20. St. Germain. — " Nous Henriette Marie de Bourbon 
Reyne de la Grande Brctagne avons par Tordre du Roy notre tres honore 
Seigneur et Mary fait delivrer es mains de notre tres chcr, et bieu anie 
cousin Edouard Somerset, Comte et Marquis d*Worcester, un collier de 
mbiscontenant dix gros rubis et cent soi9ante perles enchassees et eniil^es 
en ore entre les dits rubis, comme aussi deux gros diamans Tun appelle 
Sanej etlautre le Portugal, confessans qu'outre les tres grandes devensos 
faites par luy, pour ledit Roy notre tres honor6 Seigneur il nous a 
encore fourny trois cens 8oi9ant6 et dix mil livres tournois outre ses 
tres grands services qu'a ce pre^nt mesure il nous fait qui sent au 
moina d*egale consequence, au regard de quoy nous faisons scavoir 
que le dit collier et diamans sont totalement pour en disposer par 
lui soit par vento ou engagement sans que nous, ou aucun en notre 
nom puisse en faire aucune demande, rechercher ou troubler aucune 
penonne qui achetera ou prestera argent sur lesdits joyaux cy dessus 
ooDUDer, en tcmoignage de quoy nous avons sign6 et fait mettre 
notre seel royal a cette presente en notre Cour a St. Germain en 
Layc ce jourdhuy 20 May mil six cens quarante huiet. 

Signed Marie Henriette, R." 

Arthur, Lord Cafsl to [his daughter] Lady BEAucHAMr. 

N.T., June 12.—" My dear Mall, 

I pray let the gentleman know that I am very desirous to sec 
ium that I mate know more of him from the Prince ; they never heere 
enquired of any man's name that comes to visit mee and refuse none 
that sayth he come to me. The best time for him to come is half an 
boor before 5 of the clock att night. Mr. Carnoite will direct him 
when hee comes to you. I rest 

Thy affectionate father, 

Arthur Capell." 

Lady Capbl to Lord Beauciiaaip. 

[1648,] August 8L — Heard only yesterday of the surrender of 
Colchester* Her great affliction is that her dear Lord has fallen into 
Bach merciless hands. *' Let us endeavour if possible to get his con- 
cement to his owne house which is all the favour I can expect from 


*^l have eent this day to my Lord and have leave to goe and see 

Lady Capel to Lord f Bbauchamp ?]. 

M.Y^ February 14.-*^ About a proposed marriage between her son 
^ Lord Northumberland's daughter. Rejoices to hear he is in good 

[Ita other aoailar, undated, letters. All on family affairs.] 

IIM.orm LciRD CaPBL to LaDT BBACCBAlir. 

BftATvuBT. [nUrt,] Sepu-mlNT 0, Windior.— •• Mj |?ooi! ikughtar, 

Tli«* pmtilmaii Umt coaandn hit^n* ilotli not rrfuar mer 
of my fmiidis aii«l I i!«m« not a|i|>rrh(*n(l other but lliat bi« i 
UM* that n*4|i«rt fi iih^* m tuar utaiid with the diichai]^ of li 
h«H* iH implnji>d ill, aii<t thi*n*fun* I cannot diM*o<inige thai r 
which your Liord tiMiM ni<*4* joii had to ^ive mee a Tuitl. 
prpwnt my huinbh* m*rvic(* to my Lady Marque* and to tl 
l^lye, mv atTectionate lUTvice to yourfjord. Qod bleat y 
I real 

Your aflectioomte falhar, 

Aktbvb Ca 

Th«> Sams to the S 

[ H> I H. I _•• M J iiMrc «la4i|;hter, 

I imiy M-iid thi» cnoloMT to my wili* thit afternoon- 
of the rkick 1 r«>iuovv fniiu hemv to the tower— 4he oihtr 
u|i|H>ii trial will u<it doi*. itxtd Ui-mi th<H*. 

Your mtK4 affectionate father, 

AirriitJK Cm 
My »crTice U* your Lonl. 

The S\uz to the Samf. 

S'plrinlier 7 — •• Your Ifttrr waa a Tery ^reat comfort to 
th«* omifntmeiiC I reofirr to hear how happy you are in youi 
nil ufi«|M-iikA)»)e joy ti» miH>. I pray pniicnt my homlile n^rrk 
I^atiy Sfnn|u«*i and the yon^* Uftyi*. (rod lilei«« you. 1 reat 

Your moHt affectionate lather, 

AaTni'R Ci 

L^i»Y r\rri. til Liii(i> n>:Ai'c-iiA«r. 

j l«i|**, S'plnnU t !»,— Hit f»Ml\ «Nifnt««rt i?* to hear iif Iwr <l 
Im'Iii:: fiMi'ilily liniii«li«'«l fVurii hi<» pri"«'!i'*<'. N very glail I^onl \U 
Will ;;i%i' liiiii a \ i**it ul WiiuNnr. 

l.i»kii nr\i<iuMi* to L\i»\ Hr.AiTiiAMr. 

I*»4'*, S«»pti'iiilHT 'JV Ilnp^hot. — T«» annoiiiire hif iMif«» 
lUl^hol. wlifiirr thry pt In Allrfvrd that '^isrht. and t(»mnri< 

*' V(Hi limy In* f<nnrnlt'nt 1 .«hMl omitt noc op|iortunity to 
ih-wm*. Mv ili*«*rfftt In-Mrt. 

Your i-vrr aff«rtionatc hui»l«ntl. 

IIkx. Hi.Arc 

i-f fyf'f nf tkf tiff ret lomaie ttmr of hit iriiert to ht wfr j 

Tb«- S^MB til thr SamI.. 

Pi4'«, Sptcnilirr IT*. NfWjiort. — •• 1 am Cf 'ntitlrut yf»u hax 
tktr Kii>i:'* pa**:n;; tin !ir<it prii|M*«ittiiiii, aihI ^i-«tiTiiay ht* 
annwi'i ti> nil till r»«t in ^th*** , inM rflii*iii}; aii% nl* th« ir 
r\rfpt th«' l'.*)i«<p'f l.tli*li'«, «i| uliirli In* nfl* rp» Ii-^mh (•! h 
^itfcn**, ^•'l till* d«*th n<it •Ali*l\ lui"rf, Ih** i onimiMiotii-M l 
Ihr^ ha\i' nut |iu««-i (•• nfrnr In* aupwrf |i» rH tii-^i-tht' 
onirr oni* aftrr aii«»iht r aa tlii y lye, liut thrirt* devttfnr in ih 
viaibh* tbey wuaki hrrakv u|ion the church Uodea which waj« t 


proposition, and soe conceiie the King's other great offers from the ^dSTjSso" 
people, but I am confident the King's sudden and home answer hath bbauvoki. 
8oe surprised them that they will not be able to avoid a peace." 
Hopes to be with her on Thursday. 

A separate paper in a formal clerk's hand. 

" Beatissime Domine. Gratissimas Sanctitatis Tcstrsd literas et humani- 
tate et affectii plenas a mense recepimus singulari curd, et iudustrisL 
peramantissimi consanguinei nostri Edoardi comitis et marchionis Wor- 
cestriaB, cui originales servandas remisimus, et in quem quoscunque 
iavores sanctitas vestra conferre dignabitur nobismet illos praebuisse 
liabeat persuasum desideramus, neque dubitet quin eos data occasione, 
redditisque Deo juvante mediis, summ^ gratitudino nee non ad nutum 
Sanctitatis vestrae agnoscamns. De caeteris ad nos pertinentibus eidem 
marchioni omnium subditorum nostrorum optim6 merito fidem prsebeat 
optamus, pr8dcipu6 cum e> veniam ad Sanctitatem vestram adeundi eo 
fine dederimus, cogimur enim ut haec cantius deferantur, sic abrupt6 
Sanctitatis vestrce deosculari manus. 

Datum apud curiam nostram pen£ carcerem, in Insula de Wight, 
20 Aprilis 1649. 

Sanctitatis Yestrse 
devinctissimus Charles, B. 

N^, — There is a mistake in the date^ as the King was beheaded 
^m. 30, 1649." 

Note in pencil: — " It is perhaps a forgery." 

On the inner page .•— " Beatissimo Padre. 

^ Haverei gia un pezzo fa presogliato I'ardire per lettere di ringratiar 
voetra sanctitA per le gratiose sue et di mandarle la risposta dal Papa." 

Endorsed with two lines of cipher. 

Charles I. to the Marobioness of Worcester. {Holograph^ 

1648, October 23. Newport. — '^ Madame, — If my condition were 
according to your wishes for me or estimation of me, I should not have 
l^c^e 80 long in answering your letter, for since it is impossible for 
^ to serve you according to my owen desyres, or as justice would 
'^uyre, I am almost ashamed to take notice of your civilities; but 
cQowiDg that our frendship is so well accompanied with discretion, 
^ yoa will accept of what I may doe when I cannot as I would, 
■* W I resolved rather to expresse to you my wishes — ^however at 
^ time ineffectual! — then bee totally uncivil by my silence ; wherefore 
^ is to assure you that upon all occasions, either found out by 
"myself— which I shall studdy — or showen by you — which I shall most 
willingly embrace — I shall truly show myselfe your most reall faithfull 
wnetant frend, Cuarles B." 

Advice for L[ord] C[apel]. 

[1648.] — " To insist upon your banishment and to make that argument 
^id, mention Seyres case declared in Cook's Hist, in his 3rd booke the 
104 cap. 230 p. Then desire that Col. John Lilborue may have leave 
to declare the proceedings in his try all at Oxford. If this prove not 
ioifieient then desire the judgment of the Parliament may be had as to 
this point of the law, and u>r the obtaining of this their shall be a 
petition readie drawne to be delivered to the Parliament." 

U 6003a j C 


«M.o»T«t [Lord Capil.] 

fiiAcrrVftT L 1*^^ )— ** A tniif copy of the headji mv F^nl laeftiit totpiwk of 

— th<* *ratrij|il, lrBiiM*ribrd out of iHe orifsinal writlen with his LoH 

own han«i, aii«l M'lit by him at thi* in«t«nt of ht!> dnUh to Dr. Mori 

IW^in whi*ii I «*n«]r<l witli my riii-mi«^ tho»H* that Are the gmi 
my (MmiiiK to thin |»Urc nf tlii« vioh^nt. . . . 

Thf* aildn ^M* I ro«d4* tu them and the hwt vonk of it wer 
they mt;;ht tw ivrtakem (»f the i net! imahle and boundleM mere 
God in l*briit Jrnui I do here apiin hcATtily make th« Mine | 
for tht*cD. 

Thi* U to let Tim nee I nm a (*hri!iiiaD. 

Hut i«m muM know tliut I am a PnitcBtant and a true aikil I 


menUT of the (*huroh aiTordiiig u* it in rAtahliiihed by our lawn i 
30 Artich*^ 

I U»ri* i;ood wufkfi but I have not the least coafideoc^ In ibem 1 
matter nf «alvation. 

My anchor is that Christ lored roe« gave Himself for me. 

I shall now n\n-mk to you as citizenn of the world. Ry the ont 
law theri*«if by protection of the sword my life was secured, and 
trary tIieri*of my life i« taki*n away. I iihall not need to speak m 
it, I hnvi* io much of it alrrady in n public place. 

But that which will M-«*m •»tran^tT to you, liehuM an Eogli* 
•cknowliNlgeil a IV-ere, drc cvui trary t4i the law!« uf Knglasid, an 
whirh m nio^t -tranp', for maintaining lliv lawn of Knglaud. ai 
fifth commandment. 

Some ciimmcndatiiiri c*f the 1a w«. 

I «*sntiiii imitate a U'tt«?r or gn'StiT ingenuity than his who no 
sinct* told %ou. 

And truly | gave my vote l<» the bill tliat condcmne«l him, hen 
acknowb^lgi- it that (UA may Im* ^'lorifl«*d. and aU other f> in thr 
fault may In.* a«lnuini!*h«*<l r«i U* i-ani«**it with (ifMl for 1 1 in fiardon, 
I ai^Mire ni]kM*lf i« partlunrtl t«i m«* by th<* MimkI of Christ Jesuii. 

But having intimat«-«i the King to you 1 cannot be silent, 
spraki* of lii« virtue- an<i i»uflji-iriiry. 

iH till* Kia;; with my |irBvc>r*i to f lOil fur hii> proitprrity, an 
isnitinir of htm tu bi<* king(b»iii<» ami tht* kingdom* in him, and ths 
wouM rftiiiinui* the guvfrnnimt nf ih«*M> kingdom«t in that fmxa 
thy kitigdnm c<»ni«\ lht> «x>iimjmmali<in of ail tmrthly nxU\ 

Makf my b«*gi lining my mnr! union, tliat tioil would forgii 
rnemii'* anil niakt* thmi |iartAktTi of the inc^timabU* marries ut i 
t*briM .li-^u*, that lie would turn th«'ir bi-art<i from their rvill 
From \uy in ml 1 forgive thmi. 

T«» il«-«in* the Kx«-<Mition<>r not to pfrik«- till I hold up my hand 
will r«*]M-nt thr l^inl'* rraycr, lunl in holding up my han«l say My 
rrcvnr my •pint. 

'I'bi* c*op:i' i« «t*r}>Atiiii, takm out of the original. 

Ita U'ltor, 

tfEDH. MittUJ 

Narrmtnf by (J. M*iRirr, lli-ti«>i* or Wor« -ester. 

[ ItMl*/]— " I «• nt ..ftt-n to r=-:t thr Ut. Ilonblr. tli«» Lonl ( aprll 
beftirv* ht« ifratb. wbiUt In- wsi* a priMin«'r in St. JamiVii hoii« 
alwa}« found hiui in «uch a t4'm|iiT an iMxranie an innoout, anc] 
reaohad person. 

The niirht U-fori* hrwas to tuffi'r li«' told me hr bad a great d< 
receive thr Sacrament lirfure hii death, if hr might receivt ii 
mmiitcf of tb« KifMC*! p^lj* Rod according to ihc Liturgy i 


Church of England, bot said withall he feared no such person as he HSS.ovTHfl 

would receive it from could give it him without endangering himself, BiuSoi. 

and be was loath to endanger any num. I replied, I knew not what — 

danger there might be in doing that Christian office to a dying man, 

but was resolved — if he pleased to take it from my hands — to venture 

anything that could come of it rather than his Lordship should die 

without that satisfaction. He seemed to be, and no doubt was very 

glad of this offer of mine, and gave me nutny thanks for it ; desiring me, 

that — ^without losing any more of that Uttle time he had left — I would 

conform and pmy with him, in order to his preparation for receiving the 

Holy Sacrament the next morning. 

I did so and found that he could not accuse himself of any great 

known sin, conmiitted against the light of his own conscience, but one 

ODely ; and that was, his giving of his vote in Parliament for the death 

of my Lord Strafford ; which-^^aid he — / did against my conscience, 

noi out of any malice to the person oj that man^ but out of a base fear 

— they were his oum words-^^and carried away with the violence of a 

prevailing faction ; and for which^ said he^ I have bin and am heartily 

sorry ; and have often with tears, demanded^ and — / hope — obtain^ 

pardon of Almighty God: adding, that if I thought it necessary, or fit, 

he would confess this great and scandallous sin of his, together with the 

cause of it, openly, upon the scaffold, to God's glory, and his own 

shame, which I telling him I thought it would be ingenuously and 

Christianly done of him to do, he did accordingly the next morning. 

Then having prayed again with him I left hun for that night, in a 
most Christian temper to his own devout meditations. The next 
morning — at the hour agreed on between us, which was between 6 and 
7—1 came to him again, and found him ready to receive me. We went 
into a chamber alonp togetheri where after some spiritual conference, 
suitable to the present occasion, I first prayed with him, and then he 
prajed himself, with very great zeal and fervour, at that for others as 
well as for himself, nay, for his enemies as well as for his friends ; but 
specially for the King, the Kingdomi and the Church ; and all this 
with such apt and unaffected expressions, and in so regular a method, 
^t one might easily perceive, prayer was a thing he had so often 
^ercis'd that it was grown habituall to him. 

Having thus prepared himself, he did with great humility and 
^▼otioD, receive the Holy Sacrament, together with the Earl of Norwich, 
^ Sir John Owen, who were condemned to suffer with him, but are 
yet— thanks be to God — ^both living, and will live, I hope, to see justice 
<ioDe upon those that did condemn them. 

Hanog received the Sacrament, and being much comforted by it — as 

fiadmg in himself all the gracious effects of it — he was presently put 

^ the tryal of his spiritual strength by taking his last leave of the 

^^*f^ and dearest relations that can be betwixt fiesh and blood, and 

^6 strongest ties that a noble nature can have unto the world. For 

^ excellent lady his wife, and his eldest soune, together with two of 

his unkles, and lus nephew Sir Tho. Corbett, came all into the roome 

tt once — as being not permitted to do it severally — and at once assaulted 

^— as it were— with such passionate looks, gestures, and words, be- 

OKNuiing and bewailing him, and themselves — his lady especially — with 

roch sweet and tender expressions of love, sorrow, and pitty, that the 

peatest natural courage in the world must needs have been shaken with 

it, had it not been supported — as his was — with more than humane 

strengUi and firmness. I am sure it was the saddest sight, that ever I 

nw ; and such an one, as even that great courage of his could not choose, 

bat be a little softened and melted with it ; but he quickly recollected 

o 2 


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till' NlW i*«l.MI-. 


During the time of their stay in Sir Robert Cotton's house, my Lord Mgs. oi thi 
Cfipely finding his stomach a little il), and fearing he might woorse, if Bba^obt. 
he did not do then what he had for a long time accustomed himself to — 

do daily, called me aside and asked me whether he might not take a 
pipe of tobacco without scandall ; saying, he wns very affrayd it might 
very much discompose him if he did not ; I told him I thought he might, 
and that in prudence he ought to do it, rather than hazzard any such 
inconTcnience at such a time, when he had need to be in the best 
temper. Whereupon Duke Hamilton and the Earl of Holland, drinking 
each of them a little wine, to comfort their spirits, he took a little 
tobacco to the same end also. All the time of his being there — which 
was at least two hours, he being the last of the three, that was to be 
put to death — he spent either in conference with me, or in soliloquies 
and prayers unto God, At last when — the other two Lords being 
already executed — Lieutenant-Coll. Beecher came to fetch him to the 
scaffold, he first took his leave of my Lord of Norwich, and Sir John 
Owen— who were reprieved — ^giving my Lord of Norwich his cane, and 
would have taken his leave there of me also, but I told him I would 
wait upon him to the scaflbld, and, if I might be suffered, do him the 
best service 1 could, in assisting him in the last act of his tragedy. 
Then before he went out of the room, turning him to the Lieutenant 
Coll. and the soldiers — ^who even then, and had beeft his guard, during 
hia imprisonment in S* James's house. — * Gentlemen ' — said he — * I do not 
onelj from my heart forgive you, but thank you all, for that kindness 
*nd civility I have found from you ; and as 1 forgive you, so I forgive 
your officers also even those that are the authors of my death ; for I 
▼erily helieve, that none of them do what they do out of any malice at 
all to me, but because I stand in the way of something else they have 
to do, which they think I must and will oppose as long as I live, to the 
ntnaost of my power.' Then calling me .to him, and giving me his 
^tch to keep for a remembrance of him, * Doctor,* said he, * I believe 
uiejr will not suffer you to accompany and assist me upon the scaffold ; 
bot I thank God, the work wherein 1 stood especially in need of your 
^elp ifl done; 1 heartily thank Grod and you for it. All that I shall 
desire of you more, is to assist me with your prayers, whilst I 
■D^ alive ; and to do the best you can to comfort my poore wife, 
''hen I am dead. And in your prayers for me, desire Almighty God 
<o to assist me with his grace, that in this last act of my life, I 
^J 80 behave myself as becomes a good Christian, dying in and 
lor 80 good a cause as this is ; and particularly that for the manner of 
^7 death, it may be with an humble confidence in God's mercy, and 
^th a modest assurance of a better life, and lastly that I may neither 
*y nor do anything that may savour either of a base fear, or of a vain 

When he had said this he was immediately conducted by the aforesaid 
weutenl. Coll. and soldiers, thorough Westminster Hall and betwixt 
* pJMd of soldiers which stood all along, and kept off the people which 
toroQged to see him, and who admiring the courage and constancy, 
"iat appeared in his very countenance, and mine itself, did generally 
^^oinmend, and blessed him, and pray for him with loud exclamations, 
•a he went by them. 

I followed him as far as the foot of the scaffold and would have gone 

Rafter him; but the Lieutenant Coll. would not suffer, though either 

rf the other Lords had their divines there with them ; but they were 

IVesbyterians, and I was generally known to be a Royalist, and 

Episcopal, which was the onely reason I can imagine why they would 

not suffer me to appear before such a multitude of people as an assis* 

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by that time he had marched through Derbyshire, Stafford shire, and HSS. ov ths 
Shropshire, with the addition out of Wales and Cheshire, made up a BsAFv<ntT. 
considerable army when the King came back from Chester unto — 

Shrewsbury. The rise of this army was at York, where my Lord 
Capell first entered the list, and gave that good example by voluntary 
contributing pay for 100 horse out of his own purse. For a great while 
when the army marched, my Lord, with many other Lords and Gentle- 
men of the best rank, put himself into the King's troope, commanded 
by my Lord Bernard Stuart, and quartered with it, which puts me in 
mind of one pleasant story and answer of my Lord's to the King, who 
coming to Bridgenorth, his troops were quartered out of towne at Sir 
William Whitmores, a fair large house, which would have given my 
lx)rd the accomodation with the other Lords of a good feather-bed. 
But my Lord went and tumbled in straw in the barne with — I think — 
100 gentlemen and slept very sound, and comeing the next morning 
to Court, the King asked him, ^my Lord how did you like your 
bed the last night ? ' * Very well,' says my Lord, * for since T came with 
your Ma**« from York, I never before met with a bed long enough for 
me.' At the battle at Kineton under Edge Hill, which was not long 
i^ter, my Lord charged in that troop with a most undaunted courage. 
I remember Madam no other particular action of my Lords that 
irinter, but observed him often called to Councill by his Ma**« when 
— ^possibly — he discovered so much ingenuity, togeather with a real 
Integrity for the King's service, that some, who then had the ascendent, 
thought it best for their purpose to remove my Lord further from the 
Eing*s eare. And so he was sent away in the spring with a comission 
to command as Lieutenant Generall under the Prince of Wales, in the 
IDounties of Worcester, Salop, Cheshire, and !N^orth Wales ; but with- 
out ever a peny of money, or any other forces more than 80*y horse, 
M'hich he can-ied from Oxford — of which 14 were mine — haveing newly 
received a commission to serve under him. My Lord tho' a raeer 
stranger in those parts whither he was sent to command, yet was 
received with very good chierfnllness and civility by all the gentlemen 
who presently fell into resolutions of raiseing contributions monthly 
for paying such soldiers as should be in the field or garrisons, or for 
provideing armes or amunition or the like. My Lord then set up his 
bead quarters at Shrewsbury, and seting on werke there and at Chester 
^cl at other places mills for iron and powder works, in a short time 
^th incredible industry he became master of a great many arms and 
AQQnition, in so much that he was able to supply Prince Rupert with 
Powder, who was then siting down before Litchfield and had signified to 
*^ his wants. By this time my Lord had filled his regiment of horse 
^about 400. But two regiments of foote, one raiseing in Denbigh- 
shire under Coll. Winn, the other under Sir Michaell Woodhouse 
*-*ftercalled the Prince of Wales's Regiment — were not yet compleated 
or come up to him, notwithstanding which at the instance of Prince 
^'ipert, and — I suppose — directions from the Court the better to divert 
^« enemy on that side, and facilitate the seige of Litchfield, my Lord, 
^*8 obliged to advance and lye at Whitchurch with those horse he had, 
^^ only one regiment of Shropshire train'd-bands foote, it being but 
^ open a quarter and within 8 miles of Nantwich. However my 
*^rd proved master of tho field and dared the enemy, who at their 
J®fy first peeping out with their horse and foote were chastised by my 
f^rd in person, and beaten with his horse from Ranmore Heaih back 
«»to Nantwich. 

It happened Madam that not long after that some of those north^m 
^^^'^^ hisid laid seige to Warrington a considerable pass over that river 


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wee attempted thus. He drew his horse and foote out of Shrewsbury Mss. of thb 
and faced Wem, making a shew to attajne it, but rose and appeared bbavfort. 
before Nantwich, whither he was sure those of Wem, marching in the — 

night a little about, would be sent for their succour. This happened as 
my Lord expected and Nantwich looked for my Lord's falling on them 
at break of day. But leaving lighted matches to amtse them of Nant- 
wich, be cuts short back, marches so that at break cf day he is again 
before Wem, dismounts about eighty horse, storms it, had his men on 
their works who iaid hold of their canon ; their best men being gone out 
for Nantwich, there were not left men enough to defend the place. But 
it so unluckily fell out that notwithstanding all this, Winn, Collonel of 
the Welsh regiment being their settled Collonel, Scriven of the trained 
bands, and Major Broughton of Sir Michaell Woodhouses regiment, 
being shot, all the example or persuasions of my Lord Capel could use 
to them did signifie nothing, the soldiers would not fall in again, but lost 
this glorious opportunity of recovering Wem with so much ease and good 
contrivance, as the greatest soldiers and most experienced in the world 
could not have designed better. Indeed this moved my glorious Lord's 
stomach so much, that after the sheding several teares of rage and anger 
he would not remove out of those trenches, which he had so latelv 
mastered, although they made many desperate shots at him until 1 he had 
taken out his pipe, and his friends in a manner forced him away. But 
now he must expect a present sight of the joynt forces of Nantwich 
and Wem to follow him in his rear to Shrewsbury, and so they did 3 
miles onto Leebridge, but his retreat was so well managed and in such 
good order, that they were glad to give him over there, his loss in the 
retreat was of very lew men, tho' indeed that of Spotwood, Major of his 
Dragoons, for his conduct and bravery, was very considerable. But a 
little before this my Lord had shewed us great gallantry and skill in 
Ktorming and taking Lappington Church where the enemy had fixed a 
garrison, till my Lord fired them out, and was the busiest among his 
soldiers in carrying faggots to the porch. The enemy now they were 
fixed at Wem and had placed Major General Mitton Governor thei*e, an 
active and stout man, began to enlarge their quarters towards the borders 
of Wales, and put up some little gaiTisons, which were quickly reduced 
at the landing of those officers and soldiers my Lord of Ormond had 
sent out of Ireland to serve the King. They came in very evill equipage 
to Chester, and looked as if they had been used to hardshipp, not having 
either money, hose, or shoes. The better to keep up their spirts, and 
since they were come within his precincts, where his Lordshipp believed 
lie might make good use of them, altho' afler the first 2 or 3 months 
from his comeing among them he had received no contributions from 
ihe countries, he made a shift upon his own credit to provide and furnish 
every foote soldier with new hose and shoes, and with some money in 
their purses, a thing they had not of a long time been used to, and per- 
fectly won their hearts. Much about this time — ^I have forgot whether 
before or after — for I was then myselfe in Oxford, Sir Nicholas Hyron 
^ith bis Lady were going towards Chester, and lay at Elesmere where 
Sir Richard Willis's and our regiment were quartered ; but in a very 
^^rk and tempestuous night tho* we had our usual guards and a patroU 
^ith a Lieutenant and 30^ horse abroad, Mitton slipt by that party, and 
fell bto the quarters and carryed away divers horse and men. Among 
^^« mi Sir Nicholas Byron, and I think Sir Richard Willis with 2 or 3 
JJ liis captains, were taken prisoners, Mark Trevor and Sir Thomas 
Corbet very narrowly escaping. This lessened our regiment very near 
^^ horse, but most of the men persevered. This is the only time that 
^?iinent ever happened to be beaten up. 


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time to consult how to manage the next jeares actions. The King and MSS. ov thx 
his Councell resolve upon raiseing an army in the West bj an asso- Bbaufobt. 
elation of the 3 Counties, Somersetshire, Devonshire, and Cornwall, — 

the Prince of Wales to be sent in person thither, attended by his 
Councell ; my Lord Capell is sent for upon this by the King to Oxford, 
and made not only of the Prince's Councell, but Gentleman alsoe of his 
Guards, which were to consist of a regiment of horse, another of 
dragoons, and a third of foote, independent from any commands but 
my Lord's, and my Lord Capell's from any other but the Prince. The 
regiment of horse and foote were not long a raiseing by the Prince's 
commission appointed in those counties. The dragoons were never 
compleated. My Lord was so kind to his old regiment as to incorpo- 
rate them into this, and to continue the same officers in their places, 
recruiting their thin troopes out of those new levies upon which 
Collonel Trevor brought over out of Wales with him their remainder, 
being between 7 or 8 score good men. To which Sir Francis Hack- 
work, Collonel Tuke, Major General Pert, and others, added their broken 
regiments, putting them into troops, and served themselves in person 
nnder my Lord and the commands of his officers of the field. So 
that these horse guards were made 10 troopes and marched effective 
800 men. The other levies for the Prince's armey went on pretty 
well, which were under my Lord Hopton. But this being the worke 
of the sommer in which the King lost the battle at Naseby, and my 
Lord Goreing had no successe before Taunton, Fairfax with hia 
Tictorious army came to visite the West, and soon made himsclfe 
master of BristoU, from whence the Prince of Wales had before been 
gone to Bridgewater, and from thence to Lauceston and Tavistock, 
where he passed the first part of a tedious cold winter. The Prince 
had about Tavistock near upon 7000 new raised men, foote, besides his 
guards, and at the least 4000 horse with my Lord Goreing, which as 
the enemy advanced after takeing BristoU still drew back farther 
towards him and Cornwall. The Prince's Councell not thinking the 
Prince secure soe neare a powerfuU enemy, marched next with him to 
Pendennis Castle, the foote being marched with my Lord Hopton, and 
all the horse to Torrington, to stop Fairfax— if possible — from comeing 
into Cornwall, but Fairfax sending a strong party at the close of the 
evening to discover the Prince's forces, both parties engaged so long at 
the townes end and among the hedges and enclosures, that Fairfax's 
seconds not only advanced, but the greatest part of his army came up 
and entered the towne, at what time — by what accident is unknown — 
the magazeen in the church blew up, both horse and foote retreated, 
what remained of the scattered foote were sent to Pendennis, or the 
Mount, the horse divided some to a ford, others over a bridge towards 
Stratton, where if Collonel Cook, who was with a strong party sent to 
fall on our rear, had not mistaken one bridge for another, he had un- 
avoidably ruined us all, for our retreat was over towards Stratton in 
Cornwall, but he went over the Devonshire bridge towards Holesworthy, 
and our wayes and lanes were so enclosed and narrow, that by day- 
light wee had brought up our rear not above 4 miles from Torrington, 
My Lord Capell staied behind the Prince with my Lord Hopton and 
those forces, as long as there was any probability of keeping the 
enemy from passing into Cornwall. Collonel Trevor with his officers 
of the horse, foreseeing that wee should be penned up in Corn- 
wall upon the enemy's further advance, which without foote wee 
oould not possibly hinder, moved my Lord and my Lord Hopton at 
Torrington, for leave with our regiment of horse to attempt the break- 
ing through and marching to the King to Oxford. The thing was as 


M«»'* . r rut 
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\t't |Mi<i«ili!f i)iii'i;;li fif'^rfAi ilitlii'ulty. Tin* hij»«it wr«» rt*«-« ivi-d wmt, 
tiir l*ri'>i>* u.-i* *>iil[ ill C*i*Mi\v:ill, uijil ni>t i*i)i <<f (i.iii>;«'r, m.t! iiiii«t :ii4 
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lliiit lull. <»• III- III Iii«> ( otiMi • M f*i'ii|ft rlt-f!i'ly tr-i->[ t<>: inv I^nnl it*tT^ir.£9 
ln-iij^f :iit iit;/i»\i rii:iMi" l-tlv tiiihitiit :i luiii!, liiiii'ori!'i' Umip' ijonr ••"rr 
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•ji'ii«*riil i>t (hf In-i-r, li:« III iiti-ti.'tiir i'tfi-'j*- I'xrtiT l<«iL liiir««* •!> S- 
woitt np I'l I.or.ilnri, -<• thai lli>' ( }iii !•' i*Mii:iiiAi.'i tva<* 1« f t l*» Maj'^C 
( M-i.t ritl \\«)>t>. :i -rmil :iMi) ki.i>i«:iip t>ra\<- iicin. 1 i;t ixn* wKn Ks^i IK 
ImWiT >>l i!kt!iit'itf'i- ilpnii tlii'lii. III r li:ii«:i.;; It«[i l<*n<; i»f ihjit m^iaj 
niitl |i]:iti •! in tluit I'diiinaii'l. to t) •- il:-/*!-! I'f m.iih' (.(ticr^ (hat |« 
trii«li «1 u\**\» I lijtit If It. 

At ihi* I'M**^' w.'i- till' uriii\ wli* n >*:r 'l'lii>nt:i^ I'.urt'ix •■isti'nil l*«^rr— - 
whII ni Sfr;ilrii!», nM ::«it';.' iil! « »ir hi-r^* In |iji*«i tin trirtli«-r fwr W tj^"" 
l»ri»l;:«' wltr«- k»<ii:i»i: n "ti !•!»:; L''^5^r•^ iiin! i-arrvirii; flii- t<«>!v f<f \.i^^ 
liimy :i!.il Ki':k>I i|ii:.rt<-l« t<i ]>iMiin;[.. hi- ^i)a.'!i->I th** «'rh«T pa*t al^ 
l^-*>t:tii:i'!l, -«• t' :ir hv ilii- Ui-f \\i-r<' "jMifi- i'"ij|i't up, nri<i < ur har;'i«a^ 
l^iil. tiiir 111 u'l •jM.'ii (• : - wn' lit Irnp'. wlii-n' •o'lj- i-t* il •• I'ririrv'f^ 
('oii:ii-t1i -t.ii> •!. :iii(i iii.i'iv (1.1. • 4 u:fh>.iii .ir.v fi<T:«i<ii-rb'l>- t^'or. 

nt" ihr fi-ri rr • .tin r -;■!••. At !;i-l %mi* •« fit :i |i:irty i.f aN-ii! Tin 

( niiitiiaii'!' •! h- [ -«■ u t! h i '* •ll-iTii I Ikii'h, r-i <i- •< • ■*. • r u h:i! %%*• f wi-r*' •!<<'ir'S 
Si\ tii>«i|i« * ti{ niir ri :: Mj« nt \vi?«' t*- i I'li.f ii;«i'i lh<' < 'it 'jirm! t}»at 
uijrht. w\.>'. uliifi t!u\ iTiiTif T.. r-ii'M" :i I.k» i.iiiii)»t-r *>i v..y I.«'nJ 

i!i II Jni:-. :i!i'l i.»»t :i!'l«' ti \::\'' .*u\ rinrtr!> ( ••! ui-iiMint -if" !*,•• fnf'nT 

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nhi*-- l«"Iv I iv » tlnfj .'i ?: :!• * -t Tl.i ni. l-'it \\*t»- :»In«l tn !• ■ ri-Ii»-«r«l 
iiiul i:i «n !i • iT *1 h» •••■ !:.• ii Win- rn-t ):■ y.t' !■ ;i I.:' -: j!i». uIm II ilrairinf 
tfitiiii-i«> r.i-.'),* :» \m>.\\ i-t" i!.i- ***.* :-\ mj- *- • •, !«i iiji.;i- I'ht ir •trrfi^lk 
'■r riMiiih' r i •■ i" 1 fiit u* tliii* 'ii-t hh--- >•■ 'i '■••■■!. I5«it tlii- i Inruiii wjl* 
fhi-n 'i| • 'I • Tit til il.' ■] i.irtiT-. :ifi'l i!: it pn't* i.i\\.\ ^••ti- •■fF. M-nl to 
:iiifi «i<^.!i ! ?•- ri t<i;:i .iih! j'<w.* . I -t tl.- \ ^^'i ::<! i.< ! It h'lpiM nifi th«t 
<*«»!'l:i! III! 'i • .iT::f ■••• ij'i'* k 'ip ti ■■i.r- t.'jri! \\»*- hu ! J. lit jj-t t:Tii>* lo 
withiir.iw iwi' I .11! • - •■! iilN.ijt J" I •r*' n |- • •*« , '*■'■' I \*> !»■• « h'lp-hr* % 
liiilf iif*. -I- • Hi _• iiftl- fit i-i.T n •! •> :.'»'* ; ■ .i •■■•i-'rnl *• »:! i^ul 
HlUi n I -i t< !• . r :i .!■ /■ :i I •■:•■ !■ r •! -• ■.". • 'V, v. i- t-ircrJ lu f'li:lil h:« 
Wll\ t! r- /'i t! ■ • ■ • Ji:V I', ff •■ ! ' * • ■.- \..» kMirtlfii: hill lh:« 

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stable lay Massej ready to receive us, with 2000 horse at Exeter. On ^S^'m ^^' 
the other hand Sir Harden Waller was before the towne. If wee Bkaufobt. 
could have made our way thus far, those that then besieged Laycock 
House would a new entertained us. And last of ail Dolbier who 
besieged Basing House would probobly make a sad example of us. So 
that no hopes being left to get in a body to the King, or to keep with 
the Prince, who was by this time taking ehipp for Scilly, wee fairly 
saved a bloody nose, and carried most of the officers — with a convoy- 
to the King to Oxford. Tlie troopers goeing with passes and convoys 
to their several homes. 

And now Madam wee are at an end of my Lord your Father's 
military employments in the North West, or West of England, which 
were concluded with as much prudential care, indefatigable industry, 
and unpuraleld courage, as could be seen in the greatest master of art 
or war. He seem'd to me always cut out for heroick undertakings, 
minding only the service of his Prince, whilst others promoted their 
own private ends, and this appeared yet further when he could serve 
his master no longer with his sword, his purse, or credit, his uncontrolable 
loyalty and zeal gave his pen that employment which proved so fatal 
to him not long after, by those admirable letters which were to be 
seen printed at the end of his incomparable booke, left as a monument 
of his glory and fame to all eternity, and to the ignominy and shame 
of all bis inhuman butchers. But tis not fit I should dilate on this 
unnatural subject, I humbly beg your Graces pardon wherein I have 
trans^e^sed, many things may have slipp^ my memory after so long 
a time, but what this paper doth contain is nothing else but truth. 
The abruptnesse and discomposure of it must alsoe be excused, besides 
the ill choice of the paper, which really Madam, the shakeing of my 
hand and the weaknesse of my sight incident to old age hinders me 
to transcribe and put into a more becomeing fashion. Therefore be 
pleased Madam to forgive .'md accept of it as it is, and comeing from 
the sincere obedience of a true Capelist, who alwaies did and shall 
esteem his greatest honour to be under that tide, and that of 

Your Grace's most dutif ull and 
humble Serv^ 

H. Puckering* 

Warwick 30 
Nov' 1685. 

I beg that my Duty and service may by your Grace be made 
acceptable to the Duke of Beaufort." 

The Character of Arthur, Lord Essex. 

** At 16 yeares of age in the middle of June 1648 when his father my 

Lord Capell defended the town of Colchester against the rebells, a ser- 

jeaot with two men came to Hadham to carry him to tlie Generall at 

the League before Colchester. He was then very sickly and had scarce 

rid ever on horseback, or been out of the family, and from the time that 

Cromwell first took away the horses there, never could be one kept, soe 

^ he was forced to hire horses for himself and one man, which was 

iU tliat would be allowed him, and was soe ill used that he was forced 

•ometimesto lye in a cabin, and sometimes in a littla thachet house, with 

two soldiers lying by him in straw, and every day was cariyed round 

^ works. The first day they sent my Lord word that his son waa 

^^ and whether he would not surrender, which he answered tliat if 


mkti ..FTi'i 

In ftH t'f 

Hrii I- LI 

lii^ wife and Ml lii« rliililrfii wt-rf tlnTe hi' wnulil iIih* hL«dutv. Ilo 

w aU iiMh Ii MilIii-ital:itM ••ii tlf ^ii!!! i-t .Fii!\ \^r fi.'nl lia\i* lu ri'tiim. 

'I III- i-t'iiM i«,itii>ti I't Ml. Al^''ii«>ii S:>liii \ mIiii u:t- < ii/i-ii p-riiiAXi 
lii« Irttlv. aiiii MMiif ii(h>['^ lir.-li-tl liiiii tn ii.i tlfiM> iriur^ lUitl 
iirihi ipli'^ \«hirli lilt* r«l" lir ''.ii^ht liirii in luin 

Nod-. Ml- I)' \tT Mil"* 1(1 ck" aiiiiy uiiv iiii>it* ih.iii n Lord l.irutt 
iif ii i-iiii!.tv. lit' w:k« «ri;t i;i an tiiitia»<«|;<- to tin- Kii^u' of I^'iiiiiark 
till* \t:ir lt>7i>. 'JJ l*:ir II. \\ h> :. liii >lii|i ilu-w m nr tin* <*ia»| of 
rouiitrv tlic Kni;li»li K<-*<iiirtit un:ii-i| mi hint }•■ rufiu'rutiilAU* Lu* i 
|».i<»njil;i- iiilo tliii-i- *i-:i«. .iit>l ih»!i t ••n.niMnirat* •! !<• Lini tin* n^ w* I 
I'liiiuirv itfTiinii^l. ii«irtit-'il»riv thr (h>ii r ot i'luini :ll imimIi* thf-rt*. chat 
KinliA''":k*l<ir.<i ••hoiiji] «>tr:kr «.iilt' In th** K:!!^'-* '•lii|i*> ns tlii*]k | 
thriin^h tlh* Shiih!. ninl iliai (lirrv wiri* tlin-i' ^'inio la^d ni ( 'ri4tfiitirr 
m'lH'n- li:-* K\«*''ll>-iii*v -li<>ii.>l \i\uA, u» *:\\9' li;ni m Ci-f i»| it Hut if %txy 
|-inilia«^:Mliir p t'ii^-<l t" -Tr:kt' ii|ki!i ttii- di-''i- ft' thf U^t ^uti, tbitv 
mil'* A tiri' lit' L'lii'* l:ivii t<i oiiik hi* \f«»«-l And tnriht-r infii>iu«-«i hic 
K\i't'll»r.< \ iluii in ••l#i-iiii*n('i' ti> tl.i« <'r<l>'i tl.«' Fi«i.<'li Knih:i»fttil«»r« ki»l 
|M-rtiirfitifl this duty lit-t->ii thi\ Un-!' -d. nr.d ndv.-«*d hiin tn iIm tiit» like* 
oihtTwi*** to \Hi'»* hy 'ti ihi- iii::h* (iri'l l.iri«i in «o;i:t- |<i:ire ili«tjins frcm 
llu* Ca^llt*. \\ ht-n hi*i K\<-t-iliMi« \ h.-ulhmid h. sit In- ili:uiki*il him fur 
the noCid-. hut •Ai-u-i-d him*^ !i that ht* • uuM n-.t i<>.li.w hi^ itili'K^ for 
\iv rr|iri— •-nitNi ihr |N-r»on nf h^ .M:i*>t< r. who hu" a -i^m-i;;!! I'uDCr, 
•ii«l \t\ tlif Law III' .\;itton«, n-i K.nj i n;.'!i! to »trtKf [•• ii!ioth*-r, and to 
rftra|pi- h;* tin tl;trkni-<^'<i of tin- i..::hl did »hi w :k t ;i.oro'i<i i^piril wkui'h 
lini fi*<l ii*«-.iiif ihi' «'o<irn/i- lit un Kndki-'^iiior. wi:ii w.i- Immjiii] in honour 
In roaitiCain tin- rs^'hi • f hi« Prt.ri* 'I'h*ri h" iln-Lirril hi^ r«-«Hiiiiiioa to 
all ihi' :^i !.ll« iiii-n tl.tti- li< ti.t«!.d<- 1 io :i'|>|ii-:i: \tf-'r*- the ( Ai>llr (•! 
< 'oii.iii:hi I / nlni'il I >M tif-,i4-k ihr i.*x\ day i;i if;> .-i!*t« I rj<«>ii, »if| «r<'ui4 
nfil «tiiiwi' •.i:!. T}i*t> f'-r* .i<!«i-i<l .'i!! thi>«i- wl.n ilii.t-ii-'i :)ii' iljnpr aod 
llA/Jirii thrl<<'t, tfi^it rif ^ Wiiiild I.tKf lh<- !••-%! i\:.[ . ii.d i* «<i:t.f iffheT 
pla«-f, fi>r !:'■ %^ii-;ll ii't ) r'ra\ ihc r.::tit .Oid !.• :i"ii. - f h.- M.i«i<r. 

Ml" tn \; li.iv !..• K\<*.i-niv .ii':-f.iri 1 >-: t» ili^ 1 t-tir at thr 
.ip}'o:ii;t ! I ■■ .r ulii-n ir.. ii-.x-n.-r L'a^'* h-ni a :."in. wh.i h 

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Art w.k« p'iMi'lQcIv 

:\\ . !•! :!.•> kTiorj of 


Chablks II. to the Marquis of Worcester. M88.oFTaK 

1649, October %{. Jersey. — ** My Lord Worcester. I am traelj Beaufobt. 
sensible of your greate meritt and sufferings in the service of the King 
my Father, and I shall never be wanting to reward and incourage as 
well that kindness to his person as that zeale to his service which you 
have exprest in all your actions, and which I doubt not but you will 
still continue to me. I feare that in this conjuncture of tyme it will 
not be seasonable for me to graunt, nor for you to receyve the addition 
of honour you desire, neyther can I at this tyme send the order you 
mention concerning the garter, but be confident that I will in due tyme 
give you such satisfaction in these particulars, and in all other thmgs 
that you can reasonably expect from me, as shall lett you see with 
how much trueth and kindness I am 

Your afifectibnate friend 

(Signed) Charles B. 

I doe not send the letter to Monsieur Monbrun till I understand more 
particularly from you what the intention of it is, which I doe not yet 
well understand." 

1649, November 4. — Copy of an Order of Parliament to the Com- 
mittee at Goldsmith's Hall to examine into, the state of the lands, 
Ac made over for the purpose of raising 60,000/. for Ireland. 

■ to the Marquis op Hertford. 

1650, July 28.—" My Lord, 

By the enclosed order your Lordship will see the resolution 
taken by the Councill concerning the place of your abode which 
according to the order is herewith sent unto your Lordshippe that you 
may take notice thereof and dispose of yourselfe accordingly* 

1650, July 23.— Order by the Councell of State at Whitehall 
that upon some information given to the Counsell and consideration 
thereupon had, it is held requisite for the better securitie of the 
poblique peace, and accordingly endorst that the Marquesse of Hert- 
ford doe make his repairs to some of his houses in Wiltshire, or to his 
house neare Hartley Rowe and there continue within the llmitts 
appointed by the late Act for confineing of delinquents for the space 
of six moneths next ensueing unlesse the Parliament or Councell shall 
otherwise order. And that this order be sent unto the said Lord 
Marquesse who is to take notice thereof and within fourteene dayes 
after the receipt thereof to conform himselfe thereto accordingly." 

The Marquis op Hertford to his son. Lord Beauchamp. 

1651, June 15. Totnam. — **Deare Harry. I am Very gladd toe 
heare that you have your health soe well in the Towre. It seems 
it is a place entailed upon our famylie, for wee have now helde it 
five generations, yeat toe speake the truth I like not the place soe 
well but that I coulde be very well contented the entayle should 
be cutt off and settled upon some other familie that better deserves 
it. I wish you here with all my harte, the place being very pleasant 
at this season. Some newes I shall sende you from hence, though not 
Terie goode, yet no whitt dangerous to be uttered, poare Pugg is 
deade ; but I fall into extravagances willing to entertaine as long as 
I can, and therefore with my blessing to yourselfe and your wife I rest 

Tour most affectionate father that entirely loves you 

Heraldic teal. 


RBiiFftur l^^fU .Ttilv 27. Totnsin — li irrvLsiml Im* itemltiirfiiiriiis hU lihcrti 

for A month. IIo|M*<i hf mny »iii*i'«-«*i| fur llii« i<i tho wurit tiiii** of aI 
th«* yf*ar tn Imi in ^urh a plarr. 

Il«»lii*v'r« K|Mim irftlcr« willdn him much fi*iod, Inii*n«U to lak<* Uwfl 
himsvlfif ht* I'an {fvt li-nve. 
ifer^lilic trai 

The (*iii'%'i-ii. or Statk, at Wiiitkiiall. 

I fliilr 'JS. — " rpoii ninlin',; iht* jN'tition of ll«*nrr, Lort 
Reauoluuiip tio«- pri^iiirr iii thv Tnwrr with the two iiTlifirmlr* o( 
Doctor \Vi*4liU*rhnni«' niiil Ikn-tttr rai;:;oi ftettiri;; forth hi^ Mrkljr coo 
dilioii. Aii*l iliat it i^ iMM^rtKary for I hi* m*«iviTv of hi« h*-alth thai hi 
nhuuM In* at hiierty U> ilrinki* thi> wA(*»n at K|Mhaiii for Ihr ia|i«o* oi 
a miHith. It i^ tlMTeii|i«iii onhTvil thai the I«or«i Hraiirhintp (siTTiQi 
lloiiil to thf Ke«-|MrH of thi* I.ikiertira hr himM*tfe in ti*n ihooMiM 
poniMU, ami two «iilf)ri*-nt ^Turitifft in ti\e tliiiu«an«l |ioiin<lft carl 
coiiilitii'tuil tliat hi* «hall n*ii«iiT him^fif a^raiii priMiinT in the Town 
U|Mm thi' lir<*t nf .Sf*|>if mln-r n«*xt, then* to continu** ii|i4in the fofiMti 
warrant or ^M4ii*r il'the i*iiiin(vll f»hall rei|iiire it, ami that in ihc inesM 
tvme lit* fthall ni't at't aiiwhint; to the pnjuilitx* of th** l*oiuiuon weal til, 
that tiifn-u|hwi hi* lie at hU'rtit* for thai tynif, aiitt thai a warrant Im 
ifMUcil til th«- Lieutenant «>f tlw* Tower for that |iiiq¥><tr. 

K (il AI.TIIH FKikif, S^ 

Tlif Toi %i II. or Sr%TE. at Wiiitkiiii t.. S«'pirnilMT !l —4 Intel «* Thnt ll»r I^irJ lli*aurhani|i !>•• haylfNl, Im 
firnt takiiii;; iIh* in^J^«'nieiit him^rlfe lirttimin^ Uiiiml to the ker|ier^ d 
the liln'rtii- \'i'. in tfn thou^iul |H»uniU with twn »iin'lif*^ carh in 
fi%'C thoii«au*l |MMiniU ronititional that h«- «liall a|fp«*Ar«* u|ii>n iiutiMXU 
anil aet n«ttliin^ !•• thi* prrjutlie** of th** (.*4iminontii'alch ; arm that b< 
nhall not tor th«* »)iu«v ot a month iM'Xt afcrr mhIi MH*uritif i^WMi, 
ik'fNirt out of the lininiitt* of tin* late l%ne<« nf <*oniniiiMiri!i«in. 

itrAI.TKIC FkipM, S 

lt'i.'i|. .\u>!u»t in -<nriier of thf ('ounril that I^mi liraueliaoif 
•urieiMli-r hiiu««*lf t*i the Tower a«rfiriliii){ i«» tin- f^inilitinn nf \im hood 

• ii Ai Ti.ii F«o*r, S«^r. 

ClIAlCir*! II. to l^iKI* IICAtillAMI* 

lfi.Vl- 4.' Man-h l.--"l ^hmilil ha%e thank^l you fitr mr glom 
befiirt* ilii« timi-, if 1 ha^i niHt with a rnnvetiii nry of M'n^ling, I aa 
ven much riinferiH'^l m Vi'Ur h<-alth and thrn'fon* hirr ^i%rn ordrr U 
Ml hi>ni M tVllow to »rAy with yn'i in thi- munlry, anii Cn y»ive hm 
frpi|t.rnl Ar«'<tiiit4 litiw y*»ii iln ; fakr h'tnli* nf nii-Iam h<*lii|iie, I krf*U 
nM^*lf frnni it a« will a« I ran, ami ao mu«t yoii. Kftminlirr m« to ■! 
your fri«-ii4l* ami Im* lonrtilenl 1 Mhall alwaie^ U- vt-rj haitil% ^mur^.** 

( Ni> «!puiturr ) 

(*iiAHir* II. to I.AhT lli%i'iiiiMr. ' //••/oyra/tA. ) 

[ llVi4. ^ Mat 'Jh i*ari^^** If thr |iart I liavr liorne in y..jr lata lomt 
coulil lia%e ;;i>rii >ou nny ea.«e, much tif iiiur |^i-rf«* wnulit )ir atnatcvl fui 
inil«v«U* I ha«i* Im^i.c r Acceding Ij truuhlnl at it, ntir ran I have maai 
mort MK'h lo«jir« ; ton will bcWve 1 will «|o my part i«> n |«yr«? wba 
Oia be rccovi-rrd, and to prrvcrre wliat ii left, and that I can nev* 


Porgett what I owe to you and yours, who shall alwayes bee as much MS8.of th« 
wr Ithin my particnlir care, as the wife of such a husband, and the daughter Bbaufost. 
o£* such a father, ought to be, to whose memoryes more regarde cannot 
l^^ payde then is dew from 

Madame your very affectionate and constant frind 

Charles R" 

^ memorandum taith these two letters : — " The little letter, in the 
r>mjiche8ee of Beaufort's own hand, was writ to my Lord Beauchamp 
hy King Charles the Second. The other to me the May after his death. 

m:. b." 

Lord Hkrbbrt to Ladt Herbert. 

^.T. August 30. — Has safely arrived in London. 
** I was last night examined and am now in the tower. 1 have . . 
ready so well satisfyed you of my innocence that I am sure my being 
\od|^ heere cannot fright vou, neither can I imagin my restraint 
Bhoold bee long, for I think t only owe it to my Lordship. I desire 
tbmt you would not resolve upon your jomey hither till you heare 
ftirther from mee, for I hope yet you may lye in the country and not 
bave the trouble of any jomey to bring us togeather. If these hopes 
ftdle mee, and that I see my selfe to continue longer than I can yet 
hunej I will let you know it and send the coach downe for your women 
%nd— if you thinke fit — the children to come up in ^c." 

Ladt Capel. 

Petition of Elisabeth Lady Capel, the disconsolate widow of the late 
^•XMrd Capel, to the Lords in Parliament. That those who took part in 
tbe notorious wickedness of her husband's death may be punished. 

The Capel Estates. 

A list of the Manors settled bv Sir Arthur Capel, grandfather to the 
Iste Lord Capel, before the marriage of Lord Capel. 

The Marquis of Worcester [IL] to Lord .... 

N.D. — A venr earnest desire that Lord Arlington, Principal Secretary 
of State, fthonld represent his case to the King so that all prejudices 
*giiin9t himself may be removed. If he sought his own interest he 
would not want forty or fifty thousand pounds yearly beyond seas, 
while he as good as wants bread at home, where he was born to five 
and thirty thousand pounds of land of inheritance and five hundred 
thoQsand in cash left by his grandfather, which, for so good a cause as 
^ bas lost it for, he ]oyfully renounces it. '* My dear Lord, look once 
iQore upon both my petitions, and if the King thinks me not worth v 
of common justice to be heard . • and me to be laid aside I will 
S^adlj acquiesce and will no further trouble the King nor importune 
J<mr Lordship." 

Acopyofthe Marquis of Worcester's [II.] ''ejaculatory and extemporary 
tWkigiving prarer when first with his corporall eyes he did see finished 
a perfect tryaU of his water-commanding-engine delightfull and useful! 
to whomsoever hath in recomendation eyther knowledge profit or 

An earnest thanksgiving that an insight into ^o great a secret of nature 
beneficial to all mankind has been vouchsafed to him, with a prayer 
tbat he may not be pufied up by this and manv more unheard of and 

U <00fiO. n 


ll<«fi lit Tiir iiii|iiir:iil«'llii1 iiivi'iilion«. Mi** out] i« to mt\'^ liin oiiiiiiirr, dMb 
Kit' f »r •■iH'iiiii'**, rfinit»»ir«-' lii* rri-«!ii»ir*, n'n iiiiiM-urr hi* l^nHwtnr 
"*" iriiihriirtrii hi* ili*frf •«•*! fniitilv. 

A **iiiall pitvc fif |in|NT I A|i|mri'iiriv of tht* ^Aiiif \\akW m% \\i 
«-iiiitiiiiiiii*^ thv^r imt* <• : 

* 1. Inti'llip'iitf at tt .l.«(it[ii*< i-(iiiiiiiiiiiir.tli\i* nn>l imi liiiiin<M 
(alio* imr h\ it tin* tiiii«- |>ri)l>*ik<:«'*l. 
• . Till' fiiiint iin« f»f plra^uii-, uitlt nrtitiriali «iif>w ur h 

tliuiiiliT iiimI quantify ni>( !iiiii(tt<ii 
.'{. I >iMiiur-«' t<i In* liiiii liv :i lniii|i. 

•\. A lir;t<i- h«-n(l rA|int>li' U* n-«*«-n%i' al I hi* car n whi-^iM-r, a 
tihiMlli tlifioiif !■• rriiiltT :iti.4W'frir in aiiv laii;^ua':i> to the 

l.i«lt|i IIlHItKKI til hi* wiff.' I«iliT IIi.KtiriiT. 

; ItiiM), May 1». I^nnlon >-•• Wi-t- hav.« thi* ni|;ht 
in(»trut-ii<tn« vk\u\ tiiiii>irr<iw Ih*^iii imij- jnurnry t'lmanl^ lh«* 

whom Hfi> art iiiinaiMtr<| Cn ari^uaint with i»hat y(n*at ji 

•rrhtniaiiori htf wn« hr«Tf |irtM'Uitiii'«l, nntl to lri him kno< 
till* |*niliaiii«*iit hnth t-iij«i% iiftt all iniMi»irr*i in rn^lnriti anil ] 
t'l pray for hiin, ihi* Pukf ot Ytirk, ami thi* n*M of llw 
|iM»tr* "y. '^>i't iiph'rrti (Imt th«* nriin-^ of th«' < 'onimiii)Wi*alih 
fVi-r tliiyaif •t-tU'lm::, l>*'i- t.iLfii i1i»miii\ an<l tliat hi<i Maj^«f 
M.-t Ml (hi- |i!ai-i-. Wiv ari* liiiihiT !•• Iw^**'!-!! tii<* M4Jt>«iy t<* 
Wi(h <>|rt'«tU- (ii li:« •{••tiii!ii"li'* ari4| ;.'••%• riiiii<-n( ; aii-l tiitatl\ tn M 
him that (hi* I'arliani'-nt hath ^iv*ii tirtiiT in (h** Ailtiiimll ti> ol 
C«>nimAii«N itith thi* Navy, an<! to f|*--in- tlial h«* will ph*A-«' to 
til ii-wIiiMi ainl wliffi- hi* Hill laihl. Hixl w).f-ihi*r ht* will (*fiiii« 
I>«i\*r 1>\ laii'l. •■! (•• f.tin>ii>ii l<v uati r, mImti' l<*il;*i'i|, aritl h 


|>lfa*iiii' :• (•• Imi- itiia\til. I hi»|N' khi* ^hall ••• -nf ri'tiiriir wi 
wi«- ;;i> (tir. Mini til h.ft«i- notltiii^ waniiii;; (<* my partiriilMT «ali« 
— a« wht fi h'«" i» hff ri' ihi-n- will i.nt ln-r to (hi* jfi-iii*nil — I i|t*«i 
vrmiM h*;Mj tn •unit « tlii« u:tT "••Ml** (III.*- ni-\( fii^'ki-. that I tllS 
%i*<i liiifi At ni\ nti.riii-. :ii util'T I** mKhIi I ha%fl* ^i^rn onii 
liMi«^::|;« «ui'h :i* < •lit l>t' li'Mliil Ih** tak*'li ulit-rc ^••'i lliM% Im"** \ 

I'Ait I'h'i**- iiHiPM-ll' :■ hiii)«i til \ii(ir lii't.ili , fur I ■ :i iTini k ct- firn 

• • • 

With .1! \ I ••fill r.tiiifttt Mitli"(it Villi '* 

Tl.t* >IVI t" t^i- >AI|| 

l«»*'i.. Jii^^ pi l^iTiil in. -— ParliiMiii.C u.!! • :.>1 it« «:tt: 
lit' 111 \i •. I'l a Irw i';i%« 

\Vf \i.\\*- t<«li\. <M «':ni; it i» ini|ii»-*>*.^!i t<i |ia-< th«< Art w 
alMiMt t.>r r^i M iipnilitiii j tht nuitt a (Nfri n'lr i .*t\'^, t^-jun a n 
wlriJi %• il ji'ii*«t' Iv U |i-**%t"«l t« tj.«':ri'\% t*i • i>T.t:rii. (• rni* r *'-inn 
ar:il :i.«triii ?!• ii« whii h an (•• (<•■ iii (ori'i until thi I'.ir!.a!ii«*n 
tinir !•• {Ht-- a r.i m Ai i. 

9**'»t%* rtf.t •■ I«| hn'ii » wr! I r«i - •■! I ;:ri at •'••r.'j'li •! n 
\i«ifri|i\ in th>- lli'ii**-. t( u:i% ii|M>ii Mr I'tmn* ««hi>if:i! (hi 
hi^' r»ii«t I itiiM hi«- Kfi-ii/ht (•• ilii )«-tii;i- (n nr% |M-r^ ti* Itri-till 
aii\ rrii-aiH* :nia:.*iriaf'!i- ||ir fiwriiif h:in*i-ll %ir% xi^ ;ii!*«!%f>lv t 
riifiiiirtttit an i>f*t*!i<f nt li ifkt i-ir parii.H) m th dan* in Km §« 
i*a«i «i|--r (*i> •••■la*.'-:. \Vt^ h.i\:rii: -i nt i.|i !•■ :)»■■ I (•rci> i 
«»hiifi I (• rfiif rl\ ti.i Mill! r<i. I ••iii'i-rit n^ (hi- |iiir;;trii; nf t frfwii 
III- hiti:;;; with nil h.» Ufi;;l<i niiin*^!! t ii (hi Mihim- -a idmiii pn*' 
wnt a («ini|ihirt mthouta nanir. «h ht- n-m hf arm)L'ni-'* ail ihi 


in the Parliament for burroughs, of perjury, and the King himself of no mss.ovthb 
lease if he assent to it. This he called the petition of the Citizens of iSivwim 
London, and divers others Corporations of England. The book wee — 

found upon examination to bee his, and he ingenionslj owned it Upon 
•which being ordered to withdraw, the House took both the paper and 
his punishment into debate, and having voted the thing seditious, scan- 
^lalous, false, and illegall, they sent for him to heare the censure wee 
liad passt and to know whether hee would concurre with us in it, order- 
ing the Speaker, when he appeared, to give a sharp reprehension, which 
t^mlj hee did, for hee reproacht him with all hee had already suffred, 
liis imprisonments, his being in the pillory and stigmatized ; told him 
the House thought he deserved from them — if either they considered the 
<loing themselves right, or executing justice upon him — to have all those 
punishments renewed upon him ; but that in consideration of his having 
been of late instrumontall in restoring our King to us, the House was 
-willing to show him favour if hee did repent his fault and concurre with 
them in the censure of himself and his booke. Mr. Prinne, contrary to 
what everybody expected from his temper, very humbly and penitently 
begg'd pardon of the House, owned the judgment they had given to be 
just and that hee did concurre with us in it, and shoulde receave the 
|Murdon hee askt from us as a meere mercy and not at all bee pretended 
to by any merit of his. This we esteeme I assure you a conquest 
worthy to be bragged of, and therefore I cannot forbeare letting you 
know it, Ac., &c." 

The Same to the Same. 

1661, December 19. London. — Had fully intended to be with her 
lit Badminton on Tuesday next, but being on a Committee that is to 
meet during the recesse of the House, which is to be until the day 
^ber twelfth day, and those named being commanded to attend it, he 
cannot go so far. Desires her to meet him that night at Lord Aber- • 

giTenny's at Sherborne. 

The reason of this Committee is the discovery of a design of very 
^gerous consequences, which the Chancellor communicated from the 
Bng, and the King judging it necessary there should be a Committee 
of Lords and Commons to sit and consider what proposals should be 
Dutde to Parliament at their meeting again for such a force to be cou- 
rtly, at least for some time, upon duty as a security to the King and 
Ungdom, and the trained bands be relieved from the continual duty they 
•iB now on. 

*4t seems they had laid their businesse in a very methodical way. 
There were seaven interests taken in, which are opposite to the present 
government. These seaven had each their three representatives ; the 
Commonwealth men three, whereof Harrington and Wildman were two : 
the purchasers of Eling's lands, &c. three ; the Londoners three ; the 
Anabaptists and Independents three ; the disbanded officers three ; the 
Bumpe three ; and the Long Parliament three. All which, except the 
three last, met constantly and deputed out of themselves seaven to carry 
the designe more closely which took an oath of secrecy, and whereof 
fi?e are already in hold, the other two in towne but not yet lighted on." 

The Same to the Same. 

[1662,] January 9. London.— Describes part of his journey to 
London, where he arrived late. Is u'\certain if he will have to pay 
his five pounds for not being there chat day, but Peter, his footman, 
tM tim as soon as he came to his lodging it was said that he must> 

D 2 


MS?«. «iTni 

I it'll: «*r 
llBAt ••'bi. 

** I lM'lir\r wii* ••hall liavi* no ri*|Nirt fniiii our (*i>niniillrr, for ito 
I«<»r«l ( liiini'c'lluiii lititfi III u tri-i* i-nrift*rfii«-v il>-i-liintl rmiii ih^ Kin^ 
lliAt !uf wii«» \iTv Mirrv ilmt i1ht»» ^llOll^l Imt -o ill a iiiii*triirUo'* 
iiimlf nf uliiii linil )<iii ili«*liini| i-niitt ritiii*; tin- plciC, a« iI it wa* i^ 
iiril«'r til tilt* M'lfiiii; ii|> nf a pilHii<liii|; tipn'i*. wliirli %ra<» a thin|; 
ilip Kinu' uMi(>rri*«l, nml himiIiJ nut tir(v|ii cit' tlion^li ih<* I'arii 
tlioiilil ort'iT ic, tliiil tlir ( itiiiinirift* i\'ii% imt lU'^iM^t t«( iiu\ •urh eml. 
tin* |ilii( iii\i'iiti'«l tur lliiit |iiir|HiT, fur (nat (li«* Kiii^ wnulil i'iip«|Sv 
^•If iii>M ii|Niii fill' U'lml iifn Kir;; tlial it i^lioiilil a|i|M*ait* that Ihrrv 
»iii'li n n-nl I lilt Ut •itxl !*<* I'li'i'rlv ilmt iihInmIv r»litiiili| ilouht it, Imc 
Vi'l In*cmii«4* fif Miiiif |M'r«4Mi« iiiit lifiii;; tak«*n, it w<in imt fit to lii 
anv mon* o( it. TIh* ih'Wi** htt-n* i« tliat wif are fnlliiip out with ail 
iufi|;lilHiiir«. (lit* S|iiiiii<ili KiiilMi^iuiiliiiir wiiriii-cl to Um* j^mr witkual ri 
|N*«*tiii«; riny utiilifiii't' piililirk ««r I'ri^afv, iht* tVfiH'li lin\t> lieclaral 
M'lil wonl tl aX ilirir «lii|>- ••liiill iif^i-r lu'ernt'ti* strike ^le tu 
Kii;;iiOi, n iliin)' iil'\i'I liillit-rtu ili«|iiit«tt, niitl iiiiio| lirt"i-«It* a w< 
wi-i* i-«iiiii* iifT u*> |'l\ a" \\\v Siiiiiinnt]« «liil in iliiMiirriin}; mbAS h 
Kinl>a<k"ailniii iIhI in ctinpuiin;.' plHi'r ift itii the F'n'ticli. 

'lilt* Diitrh (lii-\ ^v hii\<* *H-iit lit'tv Kjiilf iif <i|ii|i4 III wa%laT 
flfi'te ami ti;;}it tiu-iii uli«ii ihi-v u'' tnr flu* ljiii-«'iii- mSi«*1i ibfv 
\i*t, nor ti» 'I unu'iT*! uhii-h tlifv -iiv ii i« plll^n^|t• innv Iw^f' alreadv 
liV ihfir ilflio, iiifl lliBt wliii'li 1" wiT*! ut all flu* vi4tu«ll ia pulrif^ 
and p]»i»ilf'il, nici iiifl ol thr www uUmrtl i^iik «*r ilrail. 

1 liiu-t n«it I'liiil In ti-11 \i>ii It |i;i««.i^i- liitwi fill' til* ijiii*t>no Moibf 
ot* Kn^^lnnd arnl tin- Ailiiiirnll nf Kraf.rr, 1mi<iiii«m' it lak*** -«i miirh 
tilt* Kii;;li*»li lii't-ri'. It \«n«i u{Miti III!* ti'liiii^ ))i*r tlmt liit* hail hail i 
Inmi till' Kin;: li> ina*t* r ihni im Kii-iirh *hi|i hhiailtl «trik«* nailr to 
Kn;;li*>h «ii.i- >!!• :i*>kr<l hi'W nmii\ Awy Im •■ woiilil m-ikI io};i-atlirr 
ikhiHiliJ Vh^ ■•rrt-ri^ «i*iiii;:li tn iliin* tu iffii-i- it r Iff •ukiil li%'e. * How 
tlHMi,* Miiti -h**-. ' .f iliiv •hiMiiil iiif«'ti' with «i\ ?' 'It thin* bci' ffaagtr 
uf iiit*«*tiiii: iiHTi'.' -aiil )i«-«'. * wi !■'!•■ ■••■ii'l a •{••/•'U fii.'fikihi r * * Hut now 
if t|io«" ^hiiiilij Hit ill' wirh iMifity.' o.ii<I -iii-f ? * \Vh]k/ ^ai«l hrr, *if 
thc*ri* Ui* hki-iihtMiil ff nut till/ .i ;;r«'M(<-r iiUiiiUt wif'U* •rnc! thiitT* 
' No,* *>aiil A\**\ * Ii't*« mnir n liifli- ficiTi-r tin' liii»iiii'««i', what will tkt 
thirtv l«^< jiKI«- t f ilo it ih«'\ nt>-i !<• ulth p:i Kii;:'ii«li i>iit'^ 

• tt 

Liiu'i ('••i:miiki til ill' M \ic( iiiii%i.«« or Wmti r^rrs.' 

I(W;'.*, .liiiH liV ]I;irii]>fii'i ('••iiir. -** riii>ij;;h 1 ito'.ht iml liat 
La<l\»lr)i lii'.iTi- triifii 1m tti r ]i.iii<I« thru iiiini- l.nw nia-ti-r^ ^. 

nt ('I'lir!, \*'' • ii^i il.i lit •■ (ii ^fiir ■ • iiiriiAn«l-. I iLit^Kr mr arlfr 

• • " • 

i>MiL'*^l 1" lr> tiH< \.ii, though it W \\\\\\ k \<r\ ill mhI imivrfMt 
a'i'i'iiiit. 1 u Ii I.I I -A\ uiiWh.ii;: i>t the *^iirt'!i'* fti r««in !■• /I'U, BJ 
I«4iril hu^iri:;i' •^it.i- hi r. aiil ;;i\i-n \i>ii a iiti>r>' nniph* arc««aC 
thrn I <'ai. y\ ]• ti. r : Init I Mill it-ll \iiii tli:it mIhIi i« b«Nt «if 
all, aihl «il.;i-ii I i^r *\\*' y-tir Li<l\»h:p \%i!l U \i't% '^\'**\ t<i h«-arr ; tW 
Kiti^ i:ki-« 111 r \i:\ «•',!. i- n.'ii :i t;tkrM«iilh ht i w.XX nul ctin\>ri»- 
tiiin, ^m** !••- i%..;i>ii' •!■>•■ u'! fli.ii |irttiii>l in l» ^''m*! hii«>l«iMla« a^ 
lh:it il i» h.« 11 « I • fmlt :r !<• U iifC h;ip|i\, li r h« :- n« lia|i|iy in ki* 
uifi- fi« n: V iiii . ri?i U- M*- ;. • \i*iiiii!% t>-n<) iin<l •(■•ii<!* all hi« liMP 
wiih hi", wh.ih I !'. r.L< I- .-111 :i' ^ lit hi t« «• '■ }'!•-.»••• «l i ••rtainW 
• hi' I" a Mi-ii.Mii •' :t ^'Tiiit •!•:«!• < f li "riit:i>ii nfi'l j .<lp;i iip T.t, uf r^tfB- 
i<r«hnar^ i-i-t*. * * .*i kwri ?in -•»• .nrii! ••••••liii*«*«- ai.-i rn'i-i riifii« 

. I .■ ■ - •" ■ f*~~ 

ihr aflt-riiiii.- « I nl |--f|ili liv h* r mt^ k'r-t< ■••n'* ii' ••• 1 ■.'■>■:;• arr::igr. a: 

nil ih'iihl I III! «• -!i.i ' • nl. \% t\ l.npi't :ii L* r . :1 il p.t .k-< i iini !•• |*i\r Ik. 

hi«Ith, %i i. • il ::.•!• ••! «!.• hi! h m »:,•. .i n- ;.itt . •tit- ti.ii ! !«-• ti in<ii*(«^4Hi 

alni(»»l •-\**r fm.i* I ti.itf U ^n h« rr^ w .th n fi a\i uri«h it -t^ ni|H-r, ainl hftik 


been lett blood twice, but God be tlianked, she Is now very well again, and MBS. oi ths 

goes abroad tomorrow ; she had many physicians called and amongst the Bbaui obt. 

rest Dr. Frazier, but nothing was done but by the prescription ofherowne — 

Portuguese doctor. Many impute this indisposition of the Queene's to the 

oongh she gott on shipboard ; but more to her ill dyett, which I beleeve, 

is the strangest you ever heard of — and she cannot yett bring herselfe to 

eate English meate — it is either eggs and sugar, or eggs and land, and 

now and then a piece of a burnt leane pullett — for the Portugueses 

complaine that all our meate is too fatt — and she eates soe little of 

all tiiisy that it is almost impossible she can receive any nourishment by 

it ; but I hope she will by degrees be as well-pleased with our English 

dyett, as she is with our cloathes, which she says she likes very well, 

though she cannot persuade the Portuguese ladys to follow her example 

for they still weare their guardenfantos, llie Queen is much concerned 

that the English ladys spend soe much time in dressing themselves, she 

feares they bestow but little on God Almighty, and in houswivry. 

We have yett a very unsettled family, nothing at all in order. Not 
one Lady of the Bedchamber named besides my Lady Suffolke, who is in 
wayting, and they say both the number and persons you formerly heard 
mentioned will be much altered. The four dressers are fixed, who are 
my Lady Wood, Lady Scroope, Mrs. Fraizer, and Mrs. La Garde. The 
Maydes of Honour are likewise in waiting, viz. Mrs. Cary, Mrs. Stuart^ 
Mrs. Wells, Mrs. Price, Mrs. Boynton, Mrs. Warmesiry The Maydes 
of the Privy Chamber are but two, my Lady Mary Savage, my Lady 
Betty Levingstone — my Lord Newbrugh's Daughter. Men there are 
only fixed in their offices. My Lord Chesterfield, Mr. Montague, my selfe, 
and Mr. Cholmeley for a Gentlemen-Usher; noe other office is yett 
Tisibly disposed of, though I thinke there are forty pretenders to every 
one : and they are all here, both men and woemen, expecting their 
doome, and I am sure they will not be all pleased. There are 
twenty little iiitiigues and factions stirring, but with those I doe not 
meddle, and therefore will not venture to give you any account of them; 
only thus much I will tell you, that there are great endeavours used to 

make , you know who, a Lady of the Bedchamber, but 

it is hoped by many they will not take effect ; a little time will show 
us a great deale, I will eay no more of this for feare of burning my 
lingers. The King sayes he will settle the Queene's family within very 
few dayes. I hope it will be done within a fortnight and then my 
business will not be soe much but that I may doe what I will till 
Michaelmasse, and by the grace of God, I will make what hast I can 
into the countrey, it is much better walking in the parke at Cornbury 
then in a gaUery here. I have not yett lieen here a weeke and leally 
I fuu quite weary of the Court already. Doe yon not thinke then I am 
like to make an excellent good courtier ? I know you will not believe 
mee, but God willing I intend to l>e very speedily at Cornbur}*, and 
hope to see your Ladyship there in your way up to London. 

** I must not leave off without giving you most humble thanks for your 
favours to me at Badmantou, and must confesse to have soe many obli- 
gations to yon, that I can never acknowledge them enough. It is now 
high time to aske you ten thousand pardons for giving you this long 
and impertinent trouble, which your ownc commands hath brought 
upon you, for I know you have farr more exact accounts of every 
thing here, even from very report ; but for variety sometimes an 
impertinent letter is not amisse ; And I am so glad of all opportunitys 
to present m^ service to you, that I forgett my selfe and thinke I may 
be as tedious in a letter, as in my disccurses with you and you have 
pardoned so many of those, that I cannot but hope you will doe the 


M**" f :ir? 
IM k !• r 

111 I > » l.T 

mill li-tt liiin kru'W I li.i'. •■ r.--kiTi iar«- ••! tf.<- t 'i>iiiiiiio-iniii'r« rumn'^ h«* t!*^^ 
tilt*. I ili-l ii it iliiiik- .' ruiMiti- 111 !!<>iM<- \i:\\ willi n !< ti>T .i;t»r ••«* 
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publicke ball that night in the great hall which now is turned Into a Hgg. q, ^hs 
theater for the Court players, in lieu of the cockpit. Dukbo? 

'* 1 am resolved to save charges, and indeed not to do a thing so un- — 

suitable to the times as dancing so publicklj I conceave to bee, nor 
appeare at Court that night, nor consequently tomorrow^ because I would 
not bee thought just that day to absent myselfe. I have enough to em- 
ploy both my time and money in, without in spending either so much 
as I thinke so I should. My brother Howard hath bin very earnest 
with mee to accept of lodgings in Arundell House, but I have hitherto 
refused them. I find my Lord Winchelsea's secretary is there still, I 
met him this day with my brother, andask't to have got one of his bookes 
of the present state of the Turkish Empire, which they say hee has 
described well, but he had none left, neither are there many in towne, 
most being burnt by the late fire. But I am promest by a bookbinder 
bee will procure mee one for twenty shillings. If I can have it I will 
send it down to you." 

The Samb to the Same. 

1666, November 17. London. — Tuesday is a thanksgiving day for 
the decrease of the plague. 

The House has this day confirmed what it voted in Committee of the 
^bole House, viz. the taxing of all public offices and employments, 
except military order muster and pay, at three shillings in the pound, all 
lawyers gains at two shillings in the pound, personal estates at one in the 
hundred. Thinks that on Wednesday honours and dignities in the 
Houso will be brought in, though they escaped in Committee. 

Sir Philip Howard has been accused before the Committee by Sir 
Richard Everard of trying to tempt a married French priest to recant. 
The man seems to be a bad character, and the accuser did not appear. 

Had after 10 o'clock on Thursday been to Whitehall to see the 
remainder of the ball. Never saw greater bravery. Believes there were 
ft hundred vests that at the least cost a hundred pounds. Some were 
adorned with jewels above a thousand. The Lord Chamberlain's was 
0Q6. The ladies much richer than the men. It was the gloriousest 
Msembly everybody said that has been in England since the King's 
^turn, except the Coronation. 

Has not dared to appear at Court these four or hve days because he is 
Dot fine enough to be seen in such company. 

The Same to the Same. 

October 7. Hereford. — " The King could hardly have bin re- 
ceaved with more respect and ceremony, nor more demonstrations 
of joj then I was, being first met — though I gave but a day's 
^JtfDing — by above a hundred Gentlemen of Quidity and the Sheritfe, 
^ho came above five miles out of the towne towards mee ; and before 
i came to the gates, the Mayor and Aldermen in their gownes stood 
'^dy to receave mee, and delivered mee the keys of their towne. 
From which place to my lodging, which was above half a mile, 
there was a lane made by mee by my owne soldiers, and the towns- 
men with their banners, which when I had past through they gave mee 
* Toiley of shot, and the great guns from the Castle, and afterwards 
drew up before my lodging, where they gave two more followed by 
hugh sboutes. And this day the Mavor and all the Aldermen with a 
great number of gentlemen came both forenoone and iifternoone to 
attend mee to church, where the minister also made mee a great com- 
pliment out of the pulpit. I go tomorrow morning to Monmouth, and 


llii'i.i-i- rt-iiirti lull «li4\ lti till' tnrr«t, iiimI iIh'ii - .'il'tiT iinuOirr \i*;: t** 


ti|iHi-<i(ir fh Kr>iLi\ --liiiin*' In liinlliriltni ." 

'lilt' M u:t,<i 1^ !•-' Wiiufii'.ir.i: t<i Kini. i'iMi;i».« 11. 

Wiiili 7. " 'I'll i-a-f % ••III .MjiJi'4|ii' iif » (ri'iiM« iin'i'lfiit III a fifisK • ^7 
lit •i|M*i*i'li, Ntiil :i i.aliiniii •!• I'li't ■ f iillc*rai' i-. i« Itirl. I nn ii^- miftrlf •/. i 
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— tf tniir .Mii|«*iitir ii|ipri>\i- fliiri'nt !•' •)•• ak in lliv llmi**- uf I^or* ^•k 

wlifp'liv \' MhJi'-Iii* illikv ifUtliiT liiiM' iafl ^ -«illli' thing* br;^m| 

rii'liti*'il —I tiiii i-i'fitiii'iit at iiiv«i-Itf III ^'i\i' \iiii. prajbini; «i ^a? 
Miijt*«lii '•• laMi'ii iitili' i'i>tiotriiiiinii of \%lml 1 oluill •';iii»-aioiir fVi-ii^ ^* 
III «iiliiiii!l iififo\i'ur M.iji-*i:f I:i ilif rir«( |>!u> • :ii-i*iiriliii:;r In w^«»-^f 
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III iitlii !•• \i>iii M%:< "f I '- tniii^M iifi* lit )ii'J::iii> n*. li.k%f.i ;; «ulfii'irBC — ? 
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gracious and oblidgeioge a master as the late Kicgo of happy memory was M88. of the 
unto me. And for soe majesticall and proraiseinge a Prince as my now bbauJobt. 
Soveraigne is, whome God long preserve, and morally speaking cannot — 

doe amisse whilest he hearkens to soe wise a greate councell and soe 
tender of his good and wellfare os your Lordships, assisted by soe discreet, 
experienced, and well affected persons as sitt now in the Honourable 
House of Commons, the whole kingdome*s representatives. And may 
your Lordships be ever as tender of your innate prinledges, members, 
and birthrights, as they of their*s, and both of you equally likewise 
tender of his Jidajestie's just and imdoubted prerogatives, upon which 
two hinges, or rather baysses, that is our most gracious King's pre- 
rogatives and the birthri^hl of his subjects, this excellent government of 
Kinge and Parliament outvies and excells all other in the world. Lett 
them therefore my Lords hould together as the surest proppes of a 
settled kingdome, his Majestie's power consistinge in nothinge more then 
in the g^eatnesse of your Lordships, who are as well by divine Provi- 
dence as humane policv allotted to be as ic were the medium betweene 
the Kingij and the people ; that is to interpose yourselves as mediators 
if the King's supreame authority should become seveare, which cannot 
bo feared from soe gracious a Prince, r.o also to be curbers of the 
people's rustick stubbornesse, if they should prove insolent, which 
cannott likewise happen to a nation that hath soe lately smarted for such 
inconveniences as had the Lord's former greatncsse and power beene 
continued in them, could never have happened. For as I hould with 
the ould sayinge, noe Bishopps noe Kinge, soe may I bouldly averr that 
noe |x>wer of temporall Lords beinge extant there will be neither 
Bishopp or Kinge. But I am too tedious my Lords, yett what 1 
further shall presume to say will need noe elloquence, beinge upon a theme 
pleasinge as I humbly conceave to the mynds of all your Lordships, 
there being none of you whose birth brings you unto this place, butt 
soe much generositie possesses your hearts that you conclude and 
harbour a firme resolution to believe and follow that noble and heroicke 
maxime Beatius est dare guam actnperey sence Heneficium accipere est 
tibertatem vendere^ a thing beneath your Lordships. Accordinge then 
to which maxime as havelnge the honour to be a member of this 
House, esteeminge in the fii'st place the right of Peerage even before 
the titles of Earle, Marquise, or Duke, as a Pecre therefore I say of 
Uiis House I shall — with your Lordships' approbation — humbly offer a 
present unto his most excelleut Majestic our most gracious Soveraigne, 
a pre^fent my Lords which cannot be donn without yju, and fitt to be 
owned by a House of Lords, it being noe lesse then to raise an auxiliary 
troope for his Majestie's Life Guard of an hundred horse, and com- 
monly called in France an hundred maistres, that is each cavalier to 
keepe a sen'ant with a lead horse as well as his owne, and one of 
them to be worth 100/. The whole troope shall amount the first day 
unto upwards of teun thousand pounds, besides arms and equipage 
accordingly. Nay my Lords every one of this troope shall be of that 
quality and power as to be capable to rayse, at his Majestie's command, 
an hundred men in 14 dayes, and att the enteringe into the troope shall 
furnish into his Majestie's storehouse a 100 foote armes, two parts fire 
armes, and the third pikes, att his owne pro|)er cost and chargen, and 
marked by him there to be kept till his Majestie's occasions be to raise 
men accordingly, but God long preserve his Majestic from needing of 
them, yett if att any time then will his Majestic have in readdinesse at 
A fortnight's warning 10,000 men, without costing his Majestic or 
the kingdorpe sixpence, till they be raysed and armed. And that most 
worthy nobleman the Earl of Northampton who, according to the 


X8S. OP THB Spftnish saying, soe many brothers iinite<l, soe many castles, hath approved 
BiIrrovT liinuKsl^ to be such in gallantry and strength for his King and kingdome'a 
— dt^fcnce, is desirous and willinge through his zeal to his Miyestie'a 

service to be but Lieutenant to the said troope. But the whole troope 
consisting of snch persons qualified as above mentioned voluntiens and 
not serving for fiay or gniuc, will deservedly require nott to be pott 
upon common ser\ace8, and not to be commanded but by his Migetde^ 
or his mof>t deserving Generally the Duke of Albemarle, and they them- 
selves not to be tyed to daily dutiet^, but to have liberty to sabstitate 
some gentleman of quality, or an experienced officer, to serve for him 
att any time when his Majestie requires nott his personal appearance^ 
^nd that the Captain of the troope gives way unto it. I presume mj 
Lords to nominate my Lonl of Northampton but as second to me, 
because his goodnesse and zeal to his Majestie*s service makes Lis 
Lordship contente<l to give me the precedence as Captaine though far 
lease worthy, and shall indeed \ye but a servant to his Lonlthip and the 
rest of the troope in order to his Majestie's command, and the welfare 
of his tenderly beloved people. The rest of the troope shall be nominated 
when your Loniships shall approve of the motion, and his Majestie 
vouchsafe an acceptance then*of. They shall all of them b<' approved 
persons in zeal, loyalty, and allowed by you, and doe ambition the 
honour of b<*ing cal'hKl a Troope of the House of I^rds, and being soe 
termed, and most of them of your members, I <lare without vanity 
alliniie that noe King in Christendome but may boast of such a troope. 
And it will not only be a safety to his Majestie*8 |)erson, but an honour 
to the whole nation, and an evident testimony of your Lordshipt, 
constant loyalty and Z4^1 to both King and kingdonx!, and will keep up 
the honour of this House, and nott subject it again to be thrust out ^ 
doors. An<l I beseech your Jjordhhips that I may be rightly under- 
stood, for it is my duty to his Majestic and tlie honour I l>ear to thib 
House, and not the ambition of lMMn<r Captaine of the saide troope, that 
makes me to motion the raysing then'of, for as 1 acknowledge that 
there are many greater i>ersons in the House, as well titular m^ reall in 
merit and )N>wer, any of whome, if they plessc to undertake it I shall 
with mon* joy anil rcaddinesse S4*rv(' as tro<»(>er Uiert'in than to h ave the 
command tlK^n^of. 

My he<'ond humble offrr as disjiosahle by your I/ordshi)K4, is att my 
owne costs and charg(*s, but under your Lordshifis' name an<l approba* 
tion, and out of the accrueing protits of my water commanding eJiginCt 
to cause to be enacted a com{>et4*nt ordinary affording as well wine as 
meate for one mi^tde a day for forty indigent otRcerA, i*uch ns the calamity 
of thr lat<* t>ni«*s have brought to soe pressinge utMressities as none of 
your Loniships I am ronfid<>nt but is very S4*nsil»l(* th«*reof, e^peciallJ of 
such p<*r9ons who, had not their Z4*a1 to theirKiug and <'ountry transported 
them, niiirht have Iiv<»d pl<*ntifully of their owni% yet if your liord- 
shifts* (^mniis<'ratingc «*y<'s looke not spctMlily u|hmi them may follow the 
destiny <»f som«* others of qaallitie, yt's eoloufls, and nev«T were umlermy 
comumn<l, vott I ni'ver ma<le <listinetion when his Ma'u'stie's houonr or 
scrviro wjiH int4»n»st«»«l, or his w«41 des<T\'ing subjrris sutfend and were 
within my |M)wi*r of n*leiffe ; for whose* burialls it hath been my gooil 
fortum* U* pay, iUv.y not leuvingi* li#*liind thoni to the value of an angelL 
And I humbly coneeav«* this act of charitii* worthy your Lordsbipa* 
owneing. Mnei» your I^>nlships cheerfully pa^sing th** Act of my water 
commanding engine inableth me thmMinto. Ami 1 most humbly 4ifi«r 
this litiU' t4*stimonie <»f gratitude ti) be under your name thus employed. 
And I intend there slmll In* ^<H* goo<l order gi\en therein within 6 
monttis aa tliat there shall lie a sti|M*nd given to a {K'rscn to rea«l tmto 


them dareing their meales cither of millitar)' affaires or history, the mss.ofthb 
better to avoid frivolous discourse tending lo quarrells and quaffing. Bbaufobt. 

Thirdly in favour and henefitt of the commonalty as well as your — 

liordships, and for the general good and honour of this most famous 
cittie of IfOndon, I most humhly offer under your Lordships' name and 
protection, to cause a faire causie to be made, upon which without 
disturbance two carts may passe one by the other, for 2 myles together 
at 4 of the greatest avenues to the cittie, as the Lord Mayor and Alder- 
men shall best advise. And at the end of each of the 4 causies an 
liospitall, and house of correction to be erected and indowed with a per- 
petuitie of 500/. a yeare to each house, and this pious worke to begin 
-within two yeares, and to be finished within seaven. 

Fowerthly, and indeed I should have begun with it accordinge to the 
true rule a Jove principium, I doe humbly offer in honour of this House 
to cause 1 ,000/. a yeare for ten yeares from Michaelmas come twelve- 
month, to be allotted towards the building of Paul's, according as his 
Grace the Lord Archbushopp of Canterbury, and the Bushopp of London, 
and now Bushopp of Winchester, together with the Dean and Chapter of 
PauFs, shall sett forth, and may continue a memorable gift from the 
Hoose of Lords. 

And thus I humbly conceave to have offered an acknowledgment of 
thankftiUnesse, both to his Majestic, and to your Lordships, spirituall and 
tenaporall, and for the honourable House of Commons, for passing the 
Act of my water commandinge engen ; and to improve this my humble 
thanckfullnesse shall be my dayly exercise and study, noe wayes mean- 
ing that what here I offer shall sett a period thereunto, soe as your 
Lordships will be pleased to set your helpinge hands to remove some 
misconstructions and personall inconveniences, which if nott diverted 
from my mynde, and from a too generally received oppinion, though 
upon faJse grounds, and not appearing otherwise then false. I beseech 
your Lordships to be soe tender of a member of yours as to contribute 
to the vendicating of me therein, whereof no wayes doubting but that 
your Lordships will remove such an absolute remora to all my intended 
services, and therefore I will presume to lay my case openly and chear- 
^lly before you, not doubting but that at your Lordships' intercessions 
^ most gracious Majestic — having given way that I should speak thus 
before your Lordships — will vouchsafe a concurrance, and suffer him- 
s^ to be disabused, and such false and malicious oppinions to be 
^nwiicated out of his princely minde, as have been endeavoured by either 
cnvie, mallice, or ignorance, to be rooted therein, and soe certainly have 
obstructed the naturall influence of grace and favour which could not 
otherwise but have been the effecte of soe greate a sunn as shynes within 
* throne of soe much goodnesse and majesty. 

Now whether my meritts have been considerable I beg leave here to 
'ett down, not as a trumpett to proclayme them, but narrative wise, 
"wdestly yet truly, for your Lordships' better information, accusing 
™yselfe in some things with the same candor and freedome, as to vindicate 
l^yself in others, desiring to stand or fall by your Lordships' just 
I jwigment, and his Majestie's gracious proceeding thereon, noe further 
relying even upon his Majestie's most gracious act of general pardon then 
incomplyance with others his Majestie's subjects have taken it out, yett 
^th soe greate a reluctance through the clearnesse of my heart not to 
b»ye deserved for it that the Lord upon the Woolsacke was forced to 
chid me to it through his tendernesse of my good, and as I humbly cod- 
^▼e a further apprehension then I could have of a necessitie thereof. 
For which his tender cai-e I acknowledge thankfullnesee, yett at the 
^■nie time I must humbly aske leave to stand upon my justification. 


Mft8.oFTHK humbly praying to be rightly understood, for I doe it not out of prkle 
iiKArpr>RT. ^^ vaine glorie, but purely ntt defendendoy and if anybody, «e defend^ndo. 
— kills another, the law quitts him, much more will your Lord8hi|)8 pro- 

nounce me not (ruilty of arrogance though I should arrogate to mjaelf a 
praiKeworthy (iesert and not throu)(li too much modestie be meale 
mouth and not discover what of right appertained to the bleoted 
memoriu of my dead father, and evea my owne conimendatiooi, 
crying with Virgil, sic vos non vobis nidificatis actiy sir. vos fMm rohii 
vellera fertis ovc$^ tic vos non volts feriis aratra boves^ sic €os 
noH vobis mr.llijicatis apes. Know then my noble Lords that here I 
hpeak U not to derogate from the meritt of the Roman Catholicks from 
their <Iuty and love to their sovereign, we having all of us with an 
unanimous resolution, neinine vontradicentey tlmt is to say no one 
gimtleman of qualitie throughout the whole nation but has stucke to the 
cause, adviMituringo his life and lost his whole fortune therein, yett gire me 
h*ave to aver it lK>uldly thut all the Catholicks of £ngland assi^ed not 
my father or me to the value of 5/. without reall securitie for it. And 
such indee<l as at thi.s time lyeth heviest upon me, and this I aver as io 
the pres«*iic*e of Almightie Ood, and your Lordships. 

In the s<*eoiid plnce, how euine the then Marquisse of Harford, after 
his defeat in the West, with recrutes to his Majestieat Oxford butbj my 
fathered nieanes and myne. The forces that 1 sent with him had cost 
ine 8,(X)0/., and 2,000/. my father lent him reddy money. How came 
Sir John Berrons regiment of horse to be first raysed, but by 6,000/. in 
gold, given him by my father. How came the Forest of Dean to be 
reiluee<l ; Gootlrige stmng eastle to lie taken ; Monmouth itself with its 
garrison to Ix* surprised ; Chepstow, Newporte, and Cardiffe, to be taken 
and secured for his Majestie, but by my forces, and my father's money ? 
How came Ilagland Castle to be the first fortified and last rendered, but 
50,00(»/. disbursed therein bv niv father.'' 

How came his Majestie*s arni'ic to be considerable before Edgehill 
fight hut by the men 1 brcmght ? And how was his Majestie recruited at 
GU)cesler sitlge, even after the def«»at given by Waller to my men. God 
forgive thi»se of the Kiiig*s fiarty wiio were the occasion that 1,500 
genth'int'n were Kurprisod, iin<l I not <lispatelied from Oxford until the 
day after. Yet, my I^>rds at 14 dayes warninge I brought 4,000 foote 
Hud 800 lioi>e to the Hi<l};e of Ghjcestei*, pay Inge them (),OOCV. down 
u|M»ii the iiaile at (i lo<'e£iter, liesidi'S my troo|>e of Life (iuurds, consisting 
of six >eore noblemen and gentlemen, wh;>se estates amounted to abuvi* 
three score ih<»usand pounds a yeare, mo>t of whcun I furnished with 
horse Hiul aruie% which of a sudden they eould not doe thenis(*lves, for I 
was then master of .S4 ]iors<*s in my stable, for the worst of which 1 have 
rifuHHl I(X)/., and abo\e 40 others lov<ly, worih o<^. a horse*. 1 kept 
a t^iblc tor the Miid ti<N)|)i% not only at (iloce^ter sidge, hut all the way to 
(he Went, wiiiiout foe much as making um* of free ijuurter, but all U|KMi 
the |Knny. for (ieneral Uu\en romphiiiieu of nie to the Kingr, who 
gr&ciou*«ly unti ^milin^ly n-piehendiug ine publickly, 1 desin* to know 
my aceuMT, and eall<'d my (itncral Uuven, afterwards made Earle 
of liraiifonl, In't'on* his Maje.Nt\, who <»l)jivtin>; that it was of ill example 
and made them to \a* thought the unnv bur«lenM»nHMn\ humlde repiye was 
that 1 \ifld('<I to his Kxivlh-neie to Im' a U^tter S4>hlier, but still Io be a 
soldier of fortune, here t'Nhty and (mnI knous wh«*re toniorn»w, and there* 
f«ire neeiied not «>are for th«'hiVi*nf the |N'oph\ but (lutugh I were killed 
mys4'lfe 1 sh<»uUl K*ave my posteritie In-hinil me, towards whom I woukl 
not h-ave a <;iii<)ge in the )Hop!i', hut whiKt I eould ser\e his Majestie 
upon ni\ owiH- pMix- and ei<*<litt I wo.ilil leinUhlv ihn* it. and afterwaid 
lea\e it to >u(*h as his l«ord*«hip. 1 eonte<««e 1 ravKiil ihis troope with- 


out ID J father's cousent first asked, his Majestie's peremptorie oommands M88.op thb 

and the shortenesse of tjme requirin^e, and I confcsse his Lordship .Bbaufort. 

checkt me for it, and said I had undone myself thereby « and replyed — 

that 5 or 6,000/. would not undoe me, the horses being all my ownc alU 

rdddy, and the arms cominge by accident to BristoU, afforded a sudden 

and cheeper meaner for it. My father answered that he did allow that 

6 or 16,000/. would not undoe me, but the consequence would be that 

the love and power I had in my country would be perspicuous although 

I should have thancks from (he King, yett others, though his Majestie's 

well wishers, yett through envy they would hate me for it, which I con- 

fesse I have found too true, and my services have been more retarded 

by those who called themselves the King's friends than obstructed by 

his enemyes. 

Pardon me my Lords if I detaine you a little longer, descending to 
some particuhirs as near as I can call to mynde, and begininge first to 
tell your Lordships that I was not privie nor present with his Majestic 
at Greenwich when he first took his resolution for the north, and 
removed without the Queen to Theobalds, from whence he was pleased 
to write me a lamentable letter by the hands of Sir John Berron, 
averring that he had but 600/., and 800/. of which was given to defray 
his horses, which the Marquisse of Hamilton, then Master of the Horse, 
refused to doe, fearinge to displease the Parliament. But upon such a 
lamentable complaint and pressing necessities of my deare master — 
rett noe waves advipeing him unto the journey — I sent him — 
To Theobalds, 3,000/. 

To Huntingdon, after his departinge from Theobalds, 3,000/. 
To Nottingham, 4,000/. 
To Yorke, 8,000/. 

And took order for a table to be kept for several experienced officers 
who by this meanes were kept from takeing armes for the Parliament, 
and were reddy for the King's service, and the defrayinge of their debts 
heare, theire jorney into Yorke, .and theire table there, which none of 
theui but two knew it came from other hand than the Kinge's privie 
parse, yett stood me in 1,500/. 

And these suramos with as great privacy as may be^ keeping good 
oarrespondence with the Parliament, and myselfe present att London to 
avoid suspicion, beinge then trusted both by Kinge and Parliament. 

For Yictuallinge the Tower of London by his Majestie's command I 
sent to the then Lieutenant Sir John Byn*on, in old plate, imder pretence 
of quaining it, 2,500/. 

By a fained pretence getting leave of the Parliament — the circum- 
stance being too tedious to relate to your Lordships, but yett notable in 
itself — I went with their passe to Yorke, and carried to his Majestic in 
reddie money, 16,000/. 

In Bills and Assurancies, 80,500/. 

For both which sums I had his Majestie's note yett extant for 
9.5,50l)/., which done in two dayes, and his Majestie's further commands 
received, 1 returned to the Parliament with a plausable answer to a 
message sent from them by me, and I agreed with the Parliament to 
remove the magazen of powder and ammunition from Monmouth, 
which was a towne of my owne, to Carlyon, a town of the Earl of 
Pembroke, a professed adherent unto them, which they took kindly att 
mj hands, thougli done by designe by me, who could not have pretension 
to take it from the towne of Monmouth, had it been still there. 

For the raysinge of Sir John Byron's regement of horse, being the 
first compleated, 5,000/. 


^^M o"* Things hciDg tlius set in order "between his Majestie aad me, I 
BiAuroRT. fairely took leave of the Parliament to goe downe to my father, where I 
noe sooner arrived but there came directed unto me from his Majostie a 
commission of array, whereof I presently by a servant of my owne sent 
wonl to the Parliament, with a letter to the House of Ix>rd8, which I 
directed to my Lord of Holland, and to the House of Commons Co Mr. 
Pirn, in l)Oth which I of!ere<l lo interccnle to his Mnjestie, an:l con- 
ceavwl f should pn^vaile to suspend the commission of array, if they 
should make an Act that their Militia shoulni not come into my country. 
But they with civi'll complements and thanks replyed that his Biajeatie's 
was soe illegall, and theires' for the good of the kingdome soe just 
and necessarie, that by nw* meanes would they varie the one for 
the other. At which I declared mys<»lf irritated to see that they dunt 
tell me that anything commanded by my master was ill(*gall, and pro- 
fessed. I would obey his Majestie's commands, and lett them 
send at their perills. Soe imtHJiately and in eight dayes tyme I 
raysed six regiments, fortitietl Monmouth, Chepstow, and Ragland, 
fetchingo away the magazen from the Earle of Pembroke*! townc 
Carlyon, and place<l it in Jiaglaiid Castle, leavinge a garrison in lieo 
thereof. Garrisoned likewise ('artlilfe, Brecknock, Hereford, €h)od* 
ridge Castle, and the Forest of Dean, after I had taken them from the 

To the then I^rd Ma]*quis8e of Hereford in Wales as many force* as 
cost me the ravseing and arming .... 

L<*nt him to prosecute that expedition .... 

Kaysinge of forces in Wales Hrst and last number of 

twelve thou.sjind men and them whilst the country was 

tottering them weekly for fifteen months 

speaking, and it shall be made good Brought to Oxford 

and delivered owne hands. 

My jorney to Ireland with levyes and incident there, 

as well att sea as att laml [cypher]. The furnishing of troopea of 
6 scon> armes,and most of them with horses, some of them of an hundred 
pound pria% and many of 50/. For though the gentlem(*n betwixt Iheoi 
mad(* above 60,000/. per annum land of inheritance, yctt lieing onex- 
pcctfHlly rays^Ml in H dayes could not furnish thrms4>lves, which I did ae- 
cordinge to th<Mr qualiities, togeather with theire fervantnto the number 
of 200, ket*pinge a tfmKtant tablo for them the whole jorney all along 
from (rlocejiter into the west, whereat they never wante<i wine, that bein^ 
carried along with us, but uftentinieH bean* together with G,00Q/. in 
reddy money paye<l my foote soldiera at the rayseing of the aidge of 
(ilocester ; which all modestly rate<l come unto aboute 26,000/. 

l^e keepinge of the garriK>n of Ragland towards which till the 
verv last ctk^-t there was never a iN*nnv contribution ravsed or exACted. 
amounted to at the 1ea.*>t KMKM)/. 

Total, 318,CKX)/. 

BettidcH the garrison of Monmouth, lK>th towne and cairtle, 
Chefwlowe, (lowthridge, with Hinaw and the Forest of Deane, 
ret»overed from the €nenii«*, all on my charge, till .Sir William Vaviaar 
came who hath had of nie *'>()() twenty shilling pi(*ct*s att a tyme, to 
incourage him to go on att (ilocester, Wi^ides likewis<* the charge of 
n*duceing AlM*rgavenny, Carlyun, and Newporte, to his Majeatie't 

Further more for M*av<n yeares lM>th in England and Irelan«lt I 
alloweil twenty |K>und> each meale, to which all ofTicers .ind goiitlemeo 
wen* welleoHH*, and I believe the charges in theM» particulars, not to be 
iuMTted or charginl on thi> acount, amount** to one half as mneh at 


the former summs, I never received a farthinge towards it as Genera M88.oithx 
or ... , nor a penny out of my estate in 20 yeares . . . these bbaufobt. 
times came unto upwards of . . . omnibus vits and modis^ which — 

alone xunounted nnto 600,000/. 

These sumes added tc^gether balance the account8, and make good 
that I have spent, lent . . . for my King and county, re vera^ 
918,000/. Nine hundred and eighteen thousand pounds. 

My Lords being conscious of all this, and many things forgotten by 
me to sett downe, I was become proof e against any thing the King's 
enemies could doe against me, since by theire principles I knew I 
deserved it. But since his Majestie's return and happy restoration, itt 
hath allmost stupified me to have been soe layed by as not to have had 
any promise made good to me for which I had his Majestie's royall 
word, hand, or even the great scale of England, but of the contrary. 
I humbly beseech your Lordships' leave to sett downe what with all 
submission to his Majestie's will and pleasure, flesh and blood cannot 
but resent, yett soe far only as shall stand with the dutie of a loyall 
subject, and the unquencheable zeal of my reall heart towards my King 
and country, and a most humble submission to your Lordships' better 
judgment, casting myself wholly at your disposal! and favorable 
construction of what I shall sett downe accordinge to the ould sayinge 
that loosers may have leave to speake." 

Ladt Herbert to Lord Herbert. 

[1667,] January 24. [London.] — My sister Docie was married last 
Tuesday in your house. The King gave her. He dined here, and as 
much company as the house would hold. My mother is dpng. 

Lord Bedford advises you to leave the business in the country to 
the Deputy Lieutenants, as everybody else does. Lord Cleveland is 

The Same to the Same. 
Saturday night. — Has taken her last leave of her mother. 

The Marquis of Worcester to the Marchioness. 

[1667.] — . . . "I would tell you all that hath passed at Sheernesse 
whither I was commanded in with my regiment upon Tuesday last, as I was 
going for London, the Dutch then appearing near it, but the time being 
short, it being late, I shall only tell you that I found my men cxtreamely 
cheerful, and ready, though the post we were put into was dangerous 
enough, it being to defend the only naked part of the fort. They 
wrought so well in their owne defence, the Dutch taking up the river 
ThameF, that by Wednesday we had thrown up a breast work that 
covered us pretty well. The enemy on Thursday coming out of the 
river Thames lay over against us, but Sir Edward Spragg's squadron 
coming out after them they busied themselves wholly in shooting at his 
ships, against whom they spent neere a thousand shot without his 
returning one, the distance indeed being such that no gun could do 
execution. At last the tide turning, and the winde being full east, 
Spragg retired towards the river again, but they, though they had both 
wind and tide, did not think fit to pursue. Yesterday morning. Sir 
Joseph Jordan came in behind them coming from Harwich with four 
frigates and 15 men of warre, and having both winde and tide, we 
hoped would have done great execution upon them, but his frigates 
being small, and the fire ships made up in haste, and manned with such 
men as could be got of a suddaine, they did not answer our expecta- 


^SuM of ^*®"' burning only four of our owne fire ships, and doing them no 
BBAUfoiT. mischief. This morning we found their ships, I meane the eneroj't, 
sunk down 7 leagues below Sheernesse, out of possibility of retaming 
wiih to-morrow's tide, which is the last of the spring ones, so that I 
thought J might safely retume to London, where I am I thaoke God 
oome safe in few hours in a yacht the Prince lent moe and CoU. Legge. 
I find heere the peace to be signed by the King this night, being already 
80 by tho French and Dutch which will I suppose put a stop to further 

The Same to the Same. 

1667, July 27. — The Dutch got but little by going up the rirer, 
having lost eleven fire ships and only burned three of our fire ship^, 
and have retreated out of the river. 

The Samk to the Same. 

1667, September 17. Worcester House. — Has received orders to 
change the garrison in Chepstow. It is to be held by a company of 
the Duke of York's regiment, but to obey his orders. 

Had had his choice of that whole regiment, and Colonel Sidney's. The 
captains had been enger to come under his orders thougli they knew they 
were to be commanded by his deputy, which captains in some places 

Had obtained some commissions for some of his officers in the King's 
regiment, to take the )»laces of the papist officers who were removed. 

^ On Sunday I had the honour with my Lord General to bee Godfather 
to the Duke of Yorke's sonne • . . and gave him by the Doke's 
desire the name of Edgart the Duke fancying that name because hee 
wao the first King that had the dominion of the seas, which hee went 
upon about the kingdume every year with a thousand ships. 

'* The Duchesse would faine have had it James, but the Duke would 
not becaufip hee had burye<l one of that name. 

** Some were very earnest to have had it Henry, but whether that 
being my name, one of the Godfathers, the Duke might fancy the oth^ 
might take it ill, or for what other reason I know not, hee had no fancy 
to It." 

The child is small nnd not very well. 

The ArchbiMhop christened the child and the Bishop of Winchester 
held the book. I having learned what was custonuiry, sent 100 
guineas to the nurse and midwife. 

The King went yei^terday btag hunting to liagfthot, he returns on 

Heraldic seal. 

The Same to the Samk. 

February 25. — Is much importuned by the Duke of Monmouth and 
others to go with the King to Newmarket, 

The Samk to the Sauk. 

February 27. — liar* taken two footmen that play the violin, and 
another that playn very well, but will not wear a livery, to teach thsm 
and ai* many of my family an will learn. Suppo«ief( the page will be 


The Same to the Same. mss.ovthi 

1674, November 8. — Has bought a painted screen, and ventured with Bba-itfobt. 
Ills little skill to buy pictures at Somerset House for above a hundred "^ 
pounds, sold at outcry as the way is in Holland. Is buying a necklace 

<»f pearls for Mall to wear two or three years hence, for he lias observed 
that till then the children of the greatest quality do not wear any. 
They are a set fit for any maiden lady to wear until she marries, and 
then tbey say the custom is it should go to the next, the husband 
«r his friends presenting the married one with a better. 
Four of the six pictures he is buying have no frames. 

The Same to the Same. 

1G74, DecemW 1. [London.] — The pictures bought are for the 
staircase, they cost 193/. which with frames and carriage will come to 
nearly 250/. Of little and great together ho has bought above thirty 
and all, except six Roman heads which are ordinary, and one or two 
other pieces, are indifferent good in the judgment of those who under- 
stand these things. 

The Same to the Same. 

1675, June 5. — Has come to town soon enough to see the House 
til Lords receive greater affronts than ever were offered to it except 
in the time of the late rebellion. *' Sir John Churchill, . . . 
Peujberion, Serjeant Peck and Mr. Parker, a lawyer, imprisoned 
in the towre by warrant of the House of Commons for pleading 
4it our barre, in an appeale by our order, and the King justifying 
the Comnnous so far as to refuse to tume out the Lieutenant of the 
Towre for not dplivering them backe to the blacke ro<1de who demanded 
them by our order, though they were taken out of the Chancery Court 
where the King himself is alwaies supposed to be present. This hath 
fitnick such a damp upon us all that wee have adjourned with a 
resolution to proceede in nothing till our honour be vindicated, which 
if wee hold so we are at an encle of all businesso for there is no 
manner of likelyhood of that the King taking a course absolutely 
contrary to it. I am so much concerned at it — and so are indeed all 
the temporall Lords that are not of the Court, and some of them too— 
that I can think of no other thing tmd therefore write nothing more." 

The Same to the Same, at Badminton. 

1675, June 8. [London.] — "I sate up last night at the play at 
i^ouTt — ^which was to entertaiue the Prince of Newbough — till one of 
tlie clock in the morning. 

Yesterday I drunke three or four glasses with the prisoners in the 
Tovrer. I know not how it is possible to compose that businesse 
which puts all other in Parliament to a stand. Wee ordered yester- 
day a habeas corpus to the Lieutenant of the Tower to bring his 
prisoners this day before us, but hee carryed the writs into the House o^ 
Commons, who ordered him not to obey them. This day wee have 
ordered an alias, and to-morrow, if this bee not obeyed, ap/urics, which 
is the method acconling to law ; if that bee not obeyed, the Sheriff i§ to 
bring them with the posse comitatusj as the lawyers sa}'. I have not bin 
able. to get my Lord Burlington yet to go with mee to the Master of the 
Rolls about (securing) the Dutchesso her jointure, an-i withdrawing 
her caveat against the will. Tomorrow hee promises to go." 

U «005u. £ 

^SSfiB 7* Postscript. — " They will bavo it lieere that the small-pox and purple 
BxAVF^sT. feaver is at the Bath, and the Dutchcsse of Portdmouth pata off her 
'""' joume}' upon it. The King askt mec about it as soone as I came to 

towne, pray enquire and let inee know the truth." 

The Same to the Same. 

1676-[7], March 17. [London.] — Has no manner of diversion or 
satisfaction here. 

Sir Charles Sedley's Cleopatra has l)een acted often, and to-day a 
new play of the death of Alexander, but I have not been to see either, 
living a mighty drudging life. 

*^ The Lords have put the Hill which we call for the securing the 
Protestant Ri ligion in case a King or Queene should happen to hee of 

another — against which the Duke and many others 

have entered their protestation — and the other for Popish recusanta 
registering themselves, in pretty fan*e advance. 

lk>lh Houses waited upon the King yesterday with the addresae 
against France and for the preservalion of the Low Ccuntries, to which 
the King answered he did agr€i> in his own mind with his two Houses, 
and would endeavour the preservation of the one, and to stop the 
progress^? of the <»ther, as farre as should consist with the peace and 
safety of this Kingdom. The Commons have moved an addresse to the 
King for bringing over the Duke of Norfolk, and voted yesterday that 
all those who had compelled, advised, or promoted, the sending over any 
men into the French King's service since the King's proclamation against 
it, an; enemies to the King and Kingdom. There has lx*en nothing yet 
of Ludlow, the King having since my cumming to towne sent to the 
gentlemen that Httende<l him about it and askt his leave to come and 
bring their greevance to him, but I do not heare as yet that they have 
bin with him, if thi»y have not in a day or tw^o they will." 

The Duchess of Portsmouth tells mee she intends to be at Bath in 
June, when the King goes to Portsmouth. 

The Same to the Same. 

1677, tJidy 2(). [London.] — Uiul s|>oken to the Lord Treasurer 
about Charles and his cousin going to Ximcguen. He is much agminst 
the plan. He says the place is inconvenient and excessively dear, 
there l>eiiig hardly room for tiie plenipotentiaries theins^dvcs. 

No one who could avoid it would think of going then*. A little 
hous4' and pr(»visi(ms according woidd be 8()0/. a year. That he had 
written to his cousin HerlxTt to stay at Saumurt* till his new governor 
comes in the place of Dr. Clmml)erlain. Dr. C.*s salury ha<l lH?en 100/. 
a year. 

Tht> (jm*en Iulh given the King so great an opinion of the white and 
pied pheasants and otiier things at liadminton, that she says if he were 
not very lazy and averse to a journey, and fond of I^ndon, he would 
go down on purpose to see them. 

The Same to the Same. 

1677, Xi»vemlK-r 15. fIx)ndon.] — Has this day sent to her son at 
Oxford 300/. worth of (ware ?) and oO/. in money, and intonds to send 
him a coach and hurx's as he desires it, ** though when I was at Oxford 
it was not thought necessary.'* 

When he han flni^hed liis own bu>mess, and seen the Prince and 
Princess <»f Orangi* take* boat in the rivtT, which will be either Saturday, 
Sunday, or Monday, he is coming down. Is staying at home becmufe 


he is in mourning, and this is not a lime to appear in town without very mss.of the 
glorious apparel. beappobt. 

Wishes he had some fox hounds to spare as the Prince of Orange is — 

mighty desirous to get a good pack and has asked for some. He had 
been very pleased with a gelding given to him, and would be glad to 
have such another. 

The Sa3ie to the Same. 

[1678], January 24. [London.] — " Mr. Godolphin for whose returne 
out of Flanders the King was I'aine to adjourne the Parliament — ^hee 
being to bring resolutions from thence, that hee desired to acquaint 
the Houses with at their first sitting — is now come back, so that 
certainly on Monday wee shall fall to our businesse. 

His cheefe errand they suy was to get the Spaniard to put Ostend 
into our hands, a place they will hardly keepe, and that would have bin 
very necessary for us to have for landing our men, and supplying them 
from heere with all things necessary from time to time, and for a great 
many other considerations ; but the Spaniard had rather loose it to 
the French than wee should have it, tho* they expect all manner 
of assistance from us." 

Is sorry the works at home go on no faster. Instructions about 
enclosing some land on Mr. Codrington's side . . . " if the cover could 
be broom and elder instead of f urrs it would bee better, for so the 
King now does at Newmarket, finding furzes too strong a retreeve, and 
observing that the spaniels commonly kill them (partridges) there 
before they rise .... I do not think I shall lend (or send) the 
Prince of Orange any hounds, therefore Drake need not covet to get 
any more." 

The Same to the Same, 

1677-8, January 29. — Sends the King's Speech for which the Lords 
gave him thanks that day. 

** Yesterday we admitted my nephew of Arundel — for so he is now 
called since his father is Duke of Norfolk — and the Lord Ferrers of 
Chertley to the seats which their families had. The first at the upper end 
of the Barons bench is Baron Mowbray, was something disputed by 
Lord Audley and some other barons. But the other not at all, they 
Uving not succeeded in the first. The Archbishop also took his seat, 
leaving been consecrated the day before." 

We had a vast entertainment afterwards where all the people of 
^ity, and, I think, the whole House of Commons were, where we 
^nmk healths to the success of the war with France, and confusion to 
thoee that should obstruct it. That is the good success the first, begun 
"J the Duke of Monmouth, the other by the Lord Treasurer. 

We have this day released Lord Pembroke out of the Tower, and 
yesterday the Duke of Buckingham asked the House's pardon and was 

The Same to the Same. 

1677-8, March 14. — ^Thinks he shall be satisfied with having roado 
^^^ folly and malice of his enemies manifest, and not e\yeBk to the King 
•bout it. 

The Same to the Same. (A fragment.) 

**And Dutch army, and very neere of an equality in all other 
'^^ts, for 'tis likely all but my Lord Ossery will come too late, there 

E 2 


3iK8. OP THL being news today of an engagement, and the Duke of Monmouth tnd 
Bbavfokt. Lord Feversham, and tlie Karl of Plimmouth going not till Tuetdaj, 
— the two firnt to the French, the last to the Holland army, and todaj the 

Duke of Albemarle and Lord Moulgrave, the first to the Dutch, and the 
second to the French, so that the King will have one sonne on one 
side, and one on the other, a Duke on the one side and a Duke on th« 
other, two Earls, and tM'o Knights of the Garter on each side. lam 
sure you'll be glad that another did not go to make it uneven, I mean 
your most atifectiouute husband." 

f 1678.] — A strongly wonled protest, without name or date, against 
the attacks made u[>on the Marquis of Worcester by Proiaatanta, thoagfa 
the whole county can teetify that he ii not only himself a Protestant, 
but marrietl the eminently Protestant lady, daughter of the martyred 
Lord Capel. All his household are Protestants except two old serranta 
of near four score years of age, who came to him with the estates from 
his uucle and cousin, whom he cannot in honour discharge. 

An account of Pnince*s confession and retractations. 

The Marqi'is of Worcester to the Marchiokxss. 

1G78, April 11. — The Spetiker*s illness has caused the House to 
adjourn until Monday, when the new Speaker Sir R. Sawyer is to be 
presented to the King. Our S{>eaker also, the Chancellor, is ill. 

Yesterdny being the Fast day was wholly spent in devotion. Our 
House by appointment went to the Abbey to hear a sermon from the 
Bifchr>p of St. David's. It was a very good one and we have ordered it to 
1)0 printed. 

Has seen a second |m])er of Arncld's in which he leaves out a friend 
or two, but enlarges somewhat as to Milb . . . and so does Scudamore. 
Tliis testimony has so innanud the House they talk of nothing leM than 
drawing up an imptmehment a;;ainst him. Tomorrow the marble for 
the banquetting house nnd my closet chimney, and the sarscinet for the 
cover of the be<l, which is ri.sen, as all silks are, a fourth fiart in price, 
m'ill Ik? sent down. 

The Same to the Samk. 

167H, Aprii 27. Worcefrt#*r House. — I found your brother Harry 
u[M)n thorns to go and manage the Pell Hill, nobody else acting upon ft 
in his neighbourhood. He seems to doubt now the Hollanders jotoing, 
as his last letter intimated, and consequently the Houses sitting long. 

The Committee ban sat thrict' this week, but she has an account of all 
that |msM.»d there, by on«» she thinks good for nothing. Does not 
find that ho was mentioned from the first day until yesterday, when Sir 
Trt'vor Williams said Mr. Arnold had written to a memlier of the 
House that he was thnMtcned with ruin for the infunnation he had 
given, lie said the Hous4* should be infonaed of this. 

** If Sir Trevor do<»«* say this in the Hous<* it will give my friends an 
opportunity, and 1 thinkeobligi; them, to t^ny that in my belialfe which I 
now find them very unwilling to do for fear of crossing what the best 
of them I find d(»sire to promote, and nothing leoS4* 1 |>erceivo will, if 
that does, |>ersuiuie them to consider mee so much as to declare, thostth 
indeed my Hr. says Mr. Poole was so generous at the Committee as to 
mention the ilecrease of |M)p<*ry in Monmouthshire, though his frieoda 
<iid not like bee should do me justice at that rate.'* 

The Same to the Same. 3iss.oFTe 


1678, May 4. — We sat to-day until two, and yesterday until after bbaufobt 
one o'clock, and have done nothing but resolve to go upon the Bill of 
Popery on Monday morning. Hears that a new set of informations 
have come out of Monmouthshire, but knows not what they are. 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, May 9. — Had been to see Sir R. Howard's runniDg horses 
which he would sell, but there is not one up to his weight. 

The rest of the letter upon parliamentary matters. 

'' Wee could not yesterday proceede in the Bill against the growth of 
popery, because it was necessary to hnvc the Jud|i;es present, and they 
cannot bee spared from Westminster Hall till after the terme." 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, June 13. — ** We lost yesterday one of our Privy Councellours 
Sir Robert Carre. The King ordering at the rising of the Councell 
that the clarke should blott him out of the roll, hec having it seems 
misbehaved himself in the House of Commons. The towne talks that 
his place of Chancellour of the Dutchy is given to Sir W. Talbot, who 
has bin extreamely zealous in promoting his Majesty's service there, 
but I hearc from better hands that Sir Rol>ert*s place is for life, and is 
not liable to be taken away at will. Wee have put off the determination 
of Lord Pur beck's businesse till Saterday upon the Duke of Bucking- 
ham's desire, and on Monday wee determine whether there lyes an 
appeale to us from the Ecclesiastical Court in the case of Mr. Codring- 
ton, whom they have judged lawfully married to his Italian wife." 

The Sa&ie to the Same. 
1678, June 15. — About Lord Purbeck's cose, and domestic matters.. 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, June 22. — " Wee yesterday finding an impossibility if wee 
past the Bill for the £200000 for disbanding the army, that it could 
possibly bee don by the time therein limited, which is the lost of this 
month for those in England, and the 27th of the next for those beyond 
sea, and consequently that the mouey would not bee levyed nor the 
worke performed, there being penalties of disability upon those cm- 
ployed that should meddle with the money, if the thing were not 
performed by the days there mentioned, have enlarged each time a 
month. But whether the Commons will agree to this alteration I do 
not yet know. They desire to conferre first with us, which cannot 
bee till Tuesday, our House having adjourned till then, though their's 
sit again on Monday. They have this day finish't their new Bill asjainst 

The Same to the Same, at Badminton. 

1678, July 6. — Believes the Houses will have finished business by 
the beginning of the week after next, and will then rise. Both Houses 
are very weary, especially because of the hot weather ; the House of 
Lords has been sitting to a very late hour of late. It seldom now rises 
before 5 o'clock ; yesterday it was at 6 o'clock, &c. 


'I'l.»- > vMi- ri> till' S\%ii.. 

• i II. M uhiili I t-i'l VfU i! •■ K iiL' I :i 1 r< !• n- I till tic n in **" 
III u'li M-'.ikiiiL: ii'jr.itlit r inv I. 'rij i !.. :iliir I'o'iiioi!!, J 
llii>>i'jii iiiii'tlii-i liii>i l>:n \*\\ i:ii;.i-t u:tll h.tii !•• •!•• it .%« Wi II 
n)\-tH. l). urf ', ••! \).*- IT-'i-i ■■! I .■m!:i»i'.«i u.i* *.i i^ri-if tliA! 
u«"jl«i r\ iii- iiii ,iT.i - ••■ all'^M-i ••:. 1 w» ii rir;»t war!- !'• liifn tf_ 
I-.p! !.• 1|- iI, .'in'l ii.:i !•■ if ;i'i :i: ::'.rn« !il \\}\y !.■ •• -li'-'il-i j.r»-«>i- tli»- • 

Im-iiii --. iti i-r-li-r in r»«lf« :i.t ti.. :.l «■■ ii-i-iju. n f il ••"•• otli* r thir. — i- 

iii»rii :i; i.i\..iii ti. llif :u!\iT-.- |»" rt \ . :ir il ln-f {ir>>iii>t li»"«- w«iijld, k»^ 
L'«*itiL' :iL*:t<:ii' i«"'!-i^ I iiii'! Ii« • I'.io fii't w. Iiiiii an ••'»|Nirtiinit^ 
M^tiri|-i\ ;iM«l til iliii )::i\iij ••:n uifllv i-iiiit!ii\ii| in i-i>t;*MllJi!ii^ 
U'illl f<<l I .liLTIi* II III!-!* r- Ml ••:iiiT !••! (Ii«- .M.i:lif iit!il!i', :iT!i| il^^ltafrhlK 
tin* M.ii'j it" «•! Uir/iiiiHr: I. iri'- ••: ilif ^j»:iiii-h fiiin-!* r*. ht-.-I inv L-— - 
|'r\ii-':ii:i ;i • • t!,- |.-'V. t .•?;.■. - ;iii.l |I..|!:i:]-| t- k:i"U w l-af ih— 
1 ni> .i..'l \\;!|iii'M. i'|-ji--.l!.':i l«i |- • iii.i'f, :ii;;iiii"-t \\|.>>niu<i- ip-w *<t 
-II ;•: I .i: : I -r tIh' rl ■ ui-- : !.• ■ ■/ j «■ .•!;■!•■%.■■ -I.jill « . r!.i v'\ rn! 
:lifii w II ! • , i.'.i * - !■ . K . ■ ' : I r i' I"' !• r !> ir ••? "« . p- w. rf'il f* r. 
jiilii t:-it T-i::'. • ti.iNu.ii. j. • .- : i! ! i : I.. *;! il- ."A :.. !-\ tl i :r !•••—* ih 
liiinlt T :!i- I . i. * ' • { 'I.- •■ :. 1 ■ . ,:. ! j !.?!>■ I: w t' tli* )i ■;*•■• 
liH'i ?:: -^ .. I •'.!■•.-.•:■ "i -■ 'i. ■ * " ■ : " .i". ! ■ • • .ifi i". 

I.'f.l )!. • L. ;. \ V .i- y -r. : • > ■■■■ . ■ '.. . :" •! . < ■ .'■ 1 ■! f . I.:- !..■ !:l 
-.itl-t.t' I. •; , .1- \ '. ! ■,■• '\:. \j ' 

I- \. r\ ;.' \ ■• . ! ••. ! .li'- •' . i,:.rr '. . 






I ' ^ • VI ! :'.' *^ \^ri . 

I*'7'*. N«''- ■ in! « I 7 W ••:'•!. I Ilii -. . -- I Ii.i .ii i :\. -i .n ;^ --I !:i 
til *> I-:;! t. Il.t'i p-rt'i: • •. ::• •-;;i>'. \. !!i i:.-.< • k«i; «-.u! 
I"- ilii.iL'iii 1. '■ i" ■ 'i- ! J . : K - ..'.I :i ■ .1' ' i- • -■ \^ I . . . \ f - K*.' 

:in«l .1- - if- !\ :>"• i" .1 l..i'i .• •;.■..'■■ 'I. If I !• .. i . i M.i ■.• i *.•"»•! '• 

r :fii- nt" f ^• • !• • h l! ■ :: • • " J. ^* ' ■ : ■ I i . i.-' :■-!•! '.••• I >■ »Tf^, 

.III .\ • •! lii • n- l'\ ll • «l ''i.' • .jlir 

II. m- r- if tl . I • ;. . !.-:■. .-. ■: . v . II. »:- • f I.- : !l.-4? Im- w \l 
li« .i* -: \ . ■ I . f : ■ .: .- '. • ■■ « ■ .■ . 

.■ : ■ 1 ■ ■ !!■ . ■ 


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t • t 

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I I • ' t* r^jAT 

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bee come up and etay at Colebrook or thereabouts or ncercr heere, so if mss.ovth 
hee bee not within 10 miles to bee n^ady at a call ; and to let me know •£^SJ!Sr 
where be is. — - 

Captain Spalding is also accused. He had l)etter come up to justify 
himself. He has leave by this to come. 

Postscript, — Let Price come away at once least the messenger overtake 
iiim at Badminton. 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, November 12. — It is a very wearisome life here with little satis- 
faction in it. We either sit morning and afternoon, or the whole day 
^thont adjourning for a dining time. This day we made two sittings of 
it. After a motion had been made in the morning by Lord Shaftesbury for 
Teleasing Rogers, as not duly taken inU^ custody because in time of proro- 
^tion and without fees, but not agreed to, though it is possible upon the 
Tiext motion it may ; the House receive^l the report of Bedlow's exaroina- 
"•ion both concerning the murder of Sir Edmondbury Godfrey and the plot. 
The first of which he said to be done at Somerset House, and in the 
other among others he accuses Price to have been consulted with as he 
"was told, but says that they said that Price warned them not to let me 
l>e acquainted with it, for if I were I should bo sure to discover it, and 
do my best to prevent it's takeing effect. He accuses further Captain 
•Spaldiug that he would have delivered them Chepstow Castle, and 
^bat my cousin Milborne Vaughan of Courtficld, and others of the 
^Homish persuasion, were likewise in it. All of whom are ordered to be 
«ent for by njessengers. 

The afternoon we spent wholly in the Bill for hindering Papists to 
sit in either House of Parliament, which we were correctly put in mind 
<if yesterday, and pressed to pass, but have not gone near through it. 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, November 14. — " Wee have this day as good as voted the 
I^opish Lords out of the House at the Committee of the whole 
Bouse, for wee have voted none shall sit that will not take the oathes 
^f Allegiance and Supremacy. The debate held till 5 of the clock. 
I find by your letter you have not a right apprehension how things 
§0 heere, when you desire if possible Bedlow may bo safe kept ; for 
hee is at this time a man of that extreame credit that hee may point 
out whom hee pleases to bee safe kept. There is nobody hee mentions 
to have bin talked of by the Jesuits hee says hee was imployed by, 
hot is sent for into custody. This day Mr. T. St. John's eldest sonne 
who was mentioned by them, surrendered himself, hearing of the order 
to take him into custody, and was, though interceded for by my Lord 
Marquis of VVincliester, sent to the prison of the King's Bench." 

Expects that Price and the others mentioned will be imprisoned in 
like manner. Thinks it would be not amiss if she would write to her 
brother Essex to befriend them. Is much mistaken if they are not 

Bedlow's pardon will be out to-morrow or next day. He confesses 
he has been a great rogue but hopes the service he is now doing will 
make amends, &c. ** Hee takes great care to vindicate mee,for, he says, 
those Jesuits that told him they had consulted Price in tJic affair said 
that hee told them that I was not a person to bee attempted in it, for 
bee knew it was impossible to reconcile race to it, but that I would 
immediately discover it if I should heare ou't." 


Miii.oiTua Thr MAnriiiii!«Eiui i>p W(»rce!itf.r U) tlic MAMQCm. 


HBiiti.BT. 1()7H. NnvoinlHT !(». — '* I Biu vcTv ;!tBiI that Ik<«ll«iw bath Ti 

murh lioiii'fitv n*« to *>iKihki* tlif truth of vi>u, I rnnnot hut estr 
lamriit thi< uiihapiiy np* wee liw in, wh<>ii a man wboar wbc 
hath U*«'ii nuthiii)* hut \ihhnic ami | n«;i*nirir, ami whoH* word 
not \uk\v UfMi tnki-n fur •ii\pi'iir<\ f»)uill iiuw harr it in hii p« 
ruint'Bhy nmu : hut a.*« thin in t«f«> trur, ^m* i^ Ahnightjr CiOir*% |irD« 
til ytiu niurh thf in<>r«* in 1h*i* RrkiiiiH-UiIpil . . for iKi 

pre««'nini: vou t'n»in tht* liuit li«* ini);ht lia\i' i lone joii, but ti> 
biui «hii* \iiu tho Xnv^l MT\i^ hi<«f rouli], lhiiu;;h 1 am very cue 
and hn'.i* -niuh' tra^iin tn 1mi> jm*, timt he in managed hj tlnr. 
an* a!« nuiliiiouo u^ cun bc«* to yuu." 

Thv MAKt^rii <ik WuuroriK to the M %iicill<i!ii 

IfiTH. NnvfinUT Hr — VvvU that, for thv k^^hI of both, he mo 
with I'lit \i'ii \ih«'ii hi* in rehiuM't], tin* |»n*judict* in no frniat. 

lir ^nrn-iMlt nii la-iit Di^ht to the M-rjciint nnd wa** t4> ilay itiir 
to till* Km::'* Ht-iH'li. ** whu'h 1^ :iii* ^rnatr^t favour wiv phow t 
thrtlv thiiui!h lii'iiT >'• •h<*htiv iuvu*«*il.'* 

Cliii* ot thi>^* iit'i iiM'il hv UimIIiiw VfntiTilnv. iK'inff a mi*mlMT 
lliMiM*. mill -M'tit fur li\ a warrant ot thi- Chift* .lu^tirr nlti-r imr 
w««i u|s a\«>:. It'll Im'Iii^ takt-u ami rom|ilniii<-«l to u« in hi** filan 
t'yinfS hi^ al liitrri'iK'*- iif thr I*loC. Afti-r a \*tn*^ lii'liati* wiv t.ii 
i*onitiiitii (1 liiui til ihf llliu'k Ijoil 

*' You will «M-f in the HouM* of ('i»mnii»n«* voii-« that S«vr«t»r 
liani-nii m:ii yi •riiikV ^Mit ti> tht* 'rowir, ujMiri vihi«'h ihi>i morn 
Kin;: iL"*! uihltil ihi'( ouiiril, Aiiil aMi'iwariU M-ut lor thr IIimiw h 
nion« llitti ill*' Mnlikt-ttiii;: lffi<U««-, u hrri- hrt* toht iIhui liiat hi •• Wo 
iM\iliirto tlitnithiiii thi-y Imd hjn to hini, tor though th«'y Itj 
om* of hio S*rritar\<* t<> thf Tourf uithi>iit ntiiuu'iitinK hini v 
h«N- iiouI<i :Mi|iinil.I tfiriu thtt hit- llitri:ilf-t| to ^vutl i*»T hiiu t»ut 
whi< h In I- :tnMi< «{» I« •Jul. Thi- Ilitior h:!- ^|M*nt nil thi« d:i 
ill ili*|iuti ri't.n rnin&f lhi» hu«iiir«iM*. 1 ul I krinw not th«* r«iult, « 
in |iri'tty laiU (•! wi:t*, n't hat in;; -|'«ikrn with nnv of ih^ 
•if t 'i iitiiii ii* •:! i •■ ihi-v ri*"t\ \i>i:r ■»« Iim* f'i*iiiiii'; h*inii' ilM>iit •'! 
il.'ck .Hill hi-: rt-iMiiiii *z tli:ttu'r a*i\ riii'ii- rhit i\iniitt;." 

rin* S\Mr ii> ilii* S\nr 

I ♦•7*', Ni-«ni»^ I 'J I- •' I :iiii \try •^•liiil lo fiml ^y Chiirle* tl 
].k« H!:t .ill ill! n'\\i«. fi«r i-!««, cuuiniin;: in { !• tty hiti*. ai.«i 
t'tiriiil !•• •• li'i ni\ ii ttiT« I n: !\ , till- i\\\ !•• ii ^ »•• full ot ^uat 
% {**'\tv.iU i« h.'i li< '.rr III /• tt.ti-^ t'ifdi I.U'Iirnfi- in tin- I'i**t-li 
«hi>uM I •'! h.i^ •- Iib! till.*-." 

t "iiii! '^T-.*!-'. . ;: ri: l u,\ it.ii-.Ti i\N:!.-i.-.r "I %^i'r»- In ."ir*! ti» *\ny 
har, i»r I !?.■ !" " I*' li.w * t«. .11 • '.*t i Im- • 1 i) 1 ;.: '..ih! i 'iiptAin S 
w»* at M..'- a! > t: • :>. t Hi.u«i . IK - I • :ili*i '.% •!• : ;• - n 
he *»• i-\iT fl • !•• I 'I? tTM, !.■•!.■ :. < 'M|itri:ij if ll.t Ciii.inl 
olbtT •:».«l t .ij ?:. :. Nj nli'r ;; mn- li- i|. ! \i r uv i 1 1 | >ti>n t '«-l|r i 
rou»iii I tl:- •» !• : ii.\ I' M • r !'■ m«, il j! I.» «a« (<•!• 

fli#» Ji -».?•■ .' 1 . **:• l|. T r\ I ■! ' ■.:!.i-. :ii il li. i . r !;:in ;t fur 
• aid tl. .! t i : f .J.. *»| .,; :r /. :;.!::; v .:l. I i;i. |.,'\wi?. ('Nl'"!' 
Al" rt'»*' » ■ ; . ?• ■ i I lu !• «:»• ^'.-i 1! til ( .i|.-ii.\* l\ I.I !•! I'r 
in i-nh r tr a ♦'.••:;• . A m n pr-ln'-i. rl.ii ^ !l.:»t h- -I., iltl i.-i 
rati- !•■ I. ii; .* .! I .1 ! !-.•.»€»* 11- *• < r lij- n li " 1- .' ^ a*kt ! 
l.nrd i Imi n .'.■ r iii«l i •■!!•••: ;; tl.a: i: %% .i* li\ • \i ;■ !• ".l* •• li- t- 
Mcramri.t h<* «u* •• ujuiiitnl in ihr K. !);:'> Ill nch 


** My cousin (Winsour ?) wee got off, and hee will bee with you in a ^^|i^*ke oif 
day or two, being tlie only person that has had his name mentioned by bkaufobt. 
Bedlow, or any other, that has not bin imprisoned." 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, November 23. — Finds that he must not be absent even for an 
boQr when the Council and Parliament are sitting or something happens 
to make him repent his being away. 

^*Thi8 happens very seldome, unless a Committee of Lords sit upon 
some business that I am concerned in, as yesterday about the militia, 
which the House of Commons desire wee should join in an addresse to the 
King to have ordered to bee called togeather a third part in every 
county for fourteen dajs, to bee succeeded by the other two third 
partes for fourteene days each, which wee could not find wee had power 
to do by the former Acts, which wee communicated this day at a con- 
ference to tbeni. Wee had two other conferences likewise upon the 
Bill for securing the King's person, and hindering Papists to sit in 
either House of Pai'liament, in which I believe wee shall agree, they 
having past our proviso concerning the Duke, and wee being content to 
waive our amendments about the Queene's and Duchesse's English 
servants, provided they will leave the Queene's name quite out of the 
Bill, and leave it-to the construction of the law, which will have regard 
to the articles of marriage. 

Your two newes that you desired to bee informed of are neither 
of them true. The Duke of Monmouth being as well in health as 
®ver I saw him, and Sir B. Compton, who dined with mee to-day, 
^ying his brother has never had any guard but upon the Gunpowder 
Treason day. Here is not a day passes but wee heare of somebody or 
other killed or hurt by the Papist? . Yesterday they say a woman that 
^Hed the narrative of Staley's trial, the goldsmith's sonne who was 
condemned on Thursday to bee hanged, drawne, and quartered, for say- 
^ hee would kill the King, was runne through by a papist that ranne 
^»y when hee had don it, and to day my brother Essex told us in the 
House that the brother of a man that was lately killed neer the towre, 
^ I take it, at Bedford, says his brother came up to testify against 
9*pt. Spalding, and was therefore killed. I have not had time to 
inqoire into the truth of it.'* 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, November 26. — **This has bin a day of great duty, the 
pOQncill having sat twice, that is from eight till eleven in the mom- 
^% and from three till six in the aftemoone, and the House twice, 
^ is from eleven to two, and from six to past eight this night. 
The occasion of it** sitting in the morning, and yesterday morning, 
^ no secret, for I heard it from everybody I met at Whitehall 
Wore I went in, and it was all over the towne the night befon?, 
^> Oates his accusing the Queene of having resolved ever since 
Jnly lagt to poison the Kin*?:, That of this afternoone was occa- 
8>oned by what you see in the enclosed, the addresse of the House 
^^ Commons for Bedlow's pardon beforehand for what hee should this 
^ysay, which the King there tells them hee will take time to consider 
w and answer to. The answer is not in the paper because the votes of 
^U afternoone are not there, but I heare it was in the negative, the 
Attorney having declared to the King that a pardon of an offence before 
It is committed is not good in law. I know not what further apphca- 
tioo they will make, but I hi*are this answer did not please, and that it 


M8S. €>PTiii; was obflon'od l»y some of thnt House that, when the Kin? jfave hi* 

HExvroRT. answers without coiisuUiii;; liis (.'ouiicil they were alwaics ^raciom, bat 

— when lie(? iwlvisftl with them, they «;i*iierally were otherwise. I hew 

U'sich's tlicy were iinj^ry in otlier thin;?s, anil Sir Trevor moved that the 

<xarris<)ii of Cliepstow hhouM hve tlisbaiided, and the amies removed, ud 

the eiistle d<'moIi^llt, it havinir alwaies hin in ill himds, and wa!», as I 

lioare, socondejl hy Sir (iill»ert (iJarrard. What IJedlow intondM !« «T 

when het! has his jKinltMi nohody knows, l;ut it seems to boo the accon- 

rion of sonif «jreat |ht?;o". Wee had this day two conferenee!« with the 

C.'omaions ahout the Kill for preserving the King's person, and hinlle^ 

ing papists from >ittin(j; \v either House of Parliament. In the fiM 

they gave us reasons why they eould not ugrcM^ to our amend meats nf 

leaving thc> (^u<'«'ne out, at the second wee aec]iuiinted them with oar 

being eontent that tlu* Queene shuuld have no men servants of that 

perswasiun, only nine women, and the Duchesse live, to which 1 heire 

they have* agreed, nncl that the l^ill is past. If so, no meml)er after tbii 

weeke is to c-ouie into either Houm* without taking the oathes and 

deelamtion. My Lor4l 4»f Herksliire and l^»rd Tardigan an» gon they 

my for Kraiu'e, I suppoM* with i**avr, I am sure the seeond had. Th* 

tirat, thi-y talke in lowne, shouhl bee gon, the nither by n»a'!on of soBK 

h'tters taken amongst ColenmnV papers, and supposed to bee M^ 

under unothcr name. I know not whetluT hi' 1»r*<* gon or no, but 1 

havt' not M'ene him the.-«* two or thre»» days in tin* Houx*. My Lord t'* 

Saii^buiy has Imjjj^imI a eonph* ot' h(»ui)ds of me, which 1 di»sin» sbouW 

lu'e goinl 4»nes Ikv,** 

The Samk to th«* S.\mk. 

1G7H, Novrnd»er 28. — Has b^^'U thn*e weeks in town this nigW- 
Tlie Parliament and Council sat until nine last night. Has jiistcod'' 
in at that hour this night from Parliament, which has sat forenoofl 
and afterno4»n. lie had in the* interval lieen at the Council whi^^ 
>at tluii. '* At h-ast I wa** summoned to one, and a Committee <^ 
it sat. About S at niglit a conffrener was desired by the CommoD^ 
at wh:<'h ihey thdiv«'n*d us an addri-^^e to which they desired O^MT 
eoneurn-iicc, which is that having ri'Ci-iv«*d informaiion of a daH' 
gerous «:oii- piracy aguin^^t his Majr>tyV life, when*in to our gw** 
astoiii>lim«'iit wir find the (^ucnu* a«M'u<ed. wce therefon* dwire b** 
Majc-tv wnuld hee ideased, for the .-afrtv of his iM'p.on, forthwith t^ 
ri-niove hi-r and all her family, and all other luipists nr repute*' 
papiMs tioin tlir Court. Wee immediately adjourned till tomorro^ 
mornin?. U ol" the eloi'k. ami ord«*n'd Mr. Oate.-* ami Mr. He«ilow, th*' 
two witnt"ise^ in the ra^H*, to In* broni^ht at that hour to give ihe*^ 
e\id*'nee t(» u«>, after which wt'i* ^hall r«'?<oIv(> whethi*r to join or no i^ 
this add re'^^'e. A onarrel V4-^terilav hetwixt mv l^onl of Pembroke an^ 
Ix>rd I>f>rM>( to<ik up a gH'at ileale of «iur time, but judging Lord iP' 
Penihrok** to Imve liiti in the wrf>ng, wee inelined tn confine him to hi^ 
hiMiM' at Wilton, which iiee has thi*^ day c»f him^ielf de>ired h-ave tog" 
to, which i- ii |iuiii>hment I «'fivy, and should ;;o mN*n* to commit ^ 
fault >•• 1 kru'W a ntniiiienwht to Ua>lniinton .-^houhl In'c my sentence.*' 

Mr. Col«-in;in hn'i tlii^ ilav re<M'iv<'d hi*^ sentence. His own letter^ 
weri- «'niiUL:li to t'onilemn him, l>ut he^lile** that Mr. Oates .swore he ibt^ 
him ^'i\i' r<iiir-i'or«> guirea-^ i<> the four Irislimcn that wen* to hav^ 
murd'-n-d tlh> Kin;: at W in(i^i>i. ai^d ^Ir. liedlnw hearil idni mt h^ 
would \v:idr iiirMiii.'li (In Mond id' a liundre'l iieii'iic kini:s t«in*acii lothtf* 
e<'!:iMt-hr:icrit <•! lli*- Calhulii' laitli. 

" All* ■.-••!.•«•:. I •■ ( njeuian >:ii'L a- 1 ua- iiifomn <l liy ^'lemll that wrrv 
tht-:e, that h* • ilh>u::ht tht imv hnd dnti ace >rd in l' to tlieir ei»nH*iencti* 


md to justice, but that now that hee was justly condemned and had no ^dukbof* 
manner of hope of escaping death hee lioped hee might, having no Bbauvokt. 
interest in what hea said, bee beleeved, being so soon to answer before 
that great tribunall where, though his sins had bin very great, hee yet 
hoped for mercy, and then did protest upon his salvation, that hee had 
never seen the face of either of those gentlemen, except that of Mr. 
Gates at the Council table when hee was examined, and where as one of 
the clarkes of the Councill certified — being required to it in the trial by 
Mr. Coleman — Mr. Oates acknowledged hee had never seen him before 
after having look't a great while upon him." 
Had that day presented the Mayor ol* Bristol, who was then knighted. 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, December 3. — Mr. Coleman was executed to-day and said the 
same as he had at his condemnation. That if the contents of his letters 
were treason he was justly condemned. That he knew no more than he 
had discovered, and never knew of any design on the King's life. The 
grand jury have to-day found the bill against Lord Bellasis and 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, December 5. — Lord Shaftesbury will have it that all the gan-i- 
8on of Chepstow are Papists, and that none of the men have been at 
church for three yeare. We were at it today for an hour, and yesterday 
*8 long, and he would have the matter examined by the Bishop of 
Llandaff, Mr. Lewis of St. Pierre, and Mr. Kemish the last sheriff. I 
wished the House to examine it, but it being too little a business for 
^em, I consented it should be examined by those three and three 
"icn of mine, viz., Sir H. Evans, Thomas Morgan, and Thomas 
Herbert. Lord Shaftesbury and the Committee say that the information 
monies from the Bishop. 

Had told the House of the quarrel between the Bishop and Captain 
Spalding so that he was not a fit person to whom to refer the case. 

Thinks the falconers should be discharged for the hawks they have 
*fe not worth the keeping, neither will there be, he thinks, any time for 
hawking this season. 

They may have the hawks as a gratuity. 

Will keep two servants [named] as long as he can, but a Bill is proposed 
to forbid any Protestant to keep a Papist servant. 

We had five impeachments brought from the Commons today, for 
^h Lord severally. The first, Lord Arundel of Wardour, brought up by 
Mr. Wharton, Colonel Cooke's brother in law. The second, Lonl Powis, 
hit)ught by Mr, B. Maynard, Lord Maynai-d's son. The third. Lord 
^llasis, brought by Mr. Thynne, 1 mean Tom of ten Thousand. The 
fourth, Lord Petre, brought by Mr. Philip Warwick. The last, against 
^rd Stafford, brought by Mr. Jerome How. 

"This brings it quite out of the method the trials were in, the Grand 
''iry having found the Bills, which had fitted them for such a trial as 
^li of Pembroke had, and would have bin in the Hall. Now it will 
h^ in tiie House, and after another manner. 

The hounds l)rake names, will not — according to their character — 
hee proper for Lord Sah'sbury, hee having nothing but buck and hare. 
Therefore I would hnve him propose some harriers, my Lord says he 
^res not what colour, therefore if the reddish dogs beo good haiTiers 
*% will be itToper &c." 

M88. OF TitK The MABcnioNESs OP WORCESTER to the Marquis. 


BAi^BT. N.D. — It is »o suspicious a time she is very can*ful what iihe wriiM 
by post though she cannot find that the seals of any of hu lett«» 
have been tampered with. 

It wouhl 1)0 well if more care were taken about the letters wbicb 
come into tlie country. One was written to one of the Ftgotts iD 
iiristol which ihey sny laid great emphasis on three of the Marqai^'i 
servants being in the plot. Su]>poses they mean Price, Captain Spalding, 
and Wintle. The two last cannot without much perversion be rop- 
posod to Ik) his servants. It is ^tran^e how i)eople remember all th^ 
malice of tlie late war, but not its inconveniences. The King's enemies 
do not always work, as Hudebnis says, under grou&d, for they hirt* 
emissarif*s in all countries, who spread reports which are credited as il' 
people wen* out of their wit*. 

For instance a grave gentleman told Mr. Glanvill that the IjOoI 
Li«*iitenant, I^>rd Herbert, had fled with only two men servants. Tberr 
has been a report that you an^ in the Tower. It will be wise thereforr 
not to dismiss imth the fah^oners, or {HHiple will fancy you arc notcomin* 
into the eouiitry. 

Wonders that her cousin Winter does not come into the countrrto 
show himself*. People will hardly U'lieve he is yet at liberty. 

The MAiiyris of Woim ksteh to the MARCliIc>KKs^^. 

1678, December 7. — '* I forgot to tell you in mine of la^t night 
that Powell that was lost, and ihouj^lit murdered, was brou<;ht la^' 
night l>efon» tlie King whilst bee was at (■ouneil. The King aj4*<* 
him what mmle him go away. ITe haid being frighte<i with * 
terrible dreame. Ilee told hi?* wife in the morning when hee wake*^ 
he(> wishisl no ill might befall him, having had such a dreame, an*l 
iN'fon* he«> was come to himself out of the fright, hi*e went out of h*^ 
house, and then (»ut of tou-ne, and having Ixmght a little horse w( O^ 
to Worcester. The King a>ke«l him how hee came to b*» clapped »^ 
prison thrn». Ilee soid iMTanse his niinn* was in the Gaxette, tl>** 
Maror weured him. The King a^^ked whv bee was si melancholy'' 
Hee said that Ikh' had mnuv hard creditors that fell u|)on him, thouf? '^ 
hee wiLs worth alM)ve 2(X)0/. more than hee oweti. Th«» King a»k«^ 
him several other questions, as whether In^e had bin ^llowed a hlac'^ 
and H whii«« b(N>ke when'in the Papists hiul set their friemU that ihf*^ 
W(»uld have, and those tJH'V intended to de**troy, whereof hee ir^* 
one, as had bin re|M>rte«l. He slid no, but bee hail heard of such ^ 
lNK)ke, but wouiti not owne tli:it to Ixv reason of hi*» going away. Tb^ 
King advis4*d him to go liom<* to his wife, and tru^t to him for keeping 
bini, ami tin* rest of the kingdom, in peace antl ^af*.'ty. 

Till ilii-* man cam** up ffw jH'<ipl<" lure WduM beleeve him alive, bii* 
that th«' >turv nf hi-i Is-inir at Won-e-^ttT was fi-i^ned. 1 have luid but ^ 
little |)rarfthis morning from Ijord Shaftesbury, but on Monday 1 expcc^ 
we«> :*lia1l k «'•■ at it againe about Kog<>i*( hi< commitment, which hee saj^ 
wao not wanantablf, being alter the promgatinn, ami I duufit hee will 
carrv it, tliouuh tin* riarkr, mv I«ord l»riilg\vat«-r, and otluT lonis faii4 
when tli«' Parllarricut rise, that it might bee don<% anil ufHrn thaC^ 
cn<ounig<'m«'nt wee pHnM-t'diNl/* 

Tbiiiko PatliaiiM*iit will .-it a Ion;; time, ami tlirretore he is Degoota-^ 
tin" with liord Pa"el to take hi** ln»u-e near ('td«!»rook. 


The Same to tlie Same [at Troy]. Dum op* 

[1678,] Thursday. Newbury. — Not having received any letters, -~" 

^nd he and Mr. St *^ being very inquisitive after news 

it this time, enquired if there was no Muddyman*s letter in the 
lousc, and at last we heard there was a man in the house that had 
he liberty to peruse a parson's letters that lives at Hamsted, who 
ises to have news. I sent to him and he sent me Mnddymans 
etter, in which there is nothing considerable, and a private letter 
10 the parson himself, wherein I find that your brother Harry Capell, 
Sir Thomas Lee, and Mr. Hambden, were sent by the House of 
Commons to Mr. Coleman to offer him his pardon from the King, 
which they had leave to do in case he would make a free discovery 
of the whole conspiracy, and that they reported to the House they could 
have nothing from him, but that he was so unhappy that they already 
knew enough to bans; him. He confessed only that he had received 
money from France for propagating the Catholic cause and had 
distributed it." 

The Marchioness of Wobcesteb to the Mabquis. 

December 4. — Hears that Mr. Barker is so frightened he will not 
€tay Id the country. Very much wonders at the folly of the gentlemen 
in allowing so many silly things to be done in the country. Is not 
frightened herself. 

A messenger from her cousin Winter had been stopped by the 
^atch at Wick war because he was carrying it to Badminton. He was 
taken before Mr. Smith, who, instead of reproving them, only said that 
^ would be answerable for the man. It is easy to see much of the 
old leaven remains. Hears that the soldiers are most ready in taking 
the oath. 

The Same to the Same. 

1678, December 14. — Endorsed, My wife, Dec. 14th, 78, to go to 
Mr. Arundell. 

** I doubt this will bee the longest [letter] you have had yett, for 
I am willing you should know the terible fright — I, and indeed — all this 
put of England hath bin in with this allarume of the French, which 
^gnes by your letter was made nothing of alt London. I I eleve you 
K^es pritty well what my disorder was by ray last letter. The Mayor 
of Bristoll in Councell desired Mr. Fitzherbert to send \ resently to 
®<JC that I might dispatch to all your Deputy Lieutenants ; what Mr. 
Fiteherbert writ was ba<l enough, but Mr. Thurston who hap( nd to bee 
in the t'^Avne, and soe was sent to mee, assured mee it was most certaine, 
"od told nianr circumstances ; within tow bowers after this came in a 
message from the Dr. with worse circumstances then before. I sent 
for Mr. Cothrington, and sent later to my Cosen Cooke, with a note 
•f jusr what the Mayor had writ, and his desire that they might bee 
acquainted. In this horible feare I continued till Thursday just before 
*cp€r, then the Dr. came in — who I had sent for, being very ill with 
^^« fright — who assured us it was all falsa. Then I began to bee 
f'jghted what the consequence might bee of putting all people in armes 
'Q this manner, and was desirous to doe what I conld towards the 
^'noting them againe, but am soe fearfull of medling lest you should 
not bee pleased, or that I should doe you prejudice by it, but pritty 
lockilv 1 bad opportunities of doeing it soe that I hope you will not 


^S^keof" P^iilay mornin;r came tli«^ incloscul ft»r you, tlirectoci to nice tiu* 

itBAi'FORT. I iiii;;lit Mf how your l)usiness then* went, and finding them all in 
■"" such a t*ii;;ht there 1 imtHlintely <lis|mtchii«l u niessengt'r, und writ with 

my owne luuKie — iis the inclosed- -to Capt. Booth. I wu8 the willinoer 
to pcnd that 1 mitrht Ictt your IriendH know that Kum:»ey, towu*c1irke 
of Hrihtoll, waK gone privatly to C'hepstow by watter, I BUppose to 
assist the H ; I writ Her : Jones word of it. Yesterday when 1 thoujrht 
all quiet, comes in the enclosed from Sir K. Atkins, which gaTC uce 
iconic new apprehensions, fmt T had more witt then to send it as bee 
advim'd ; Mr. Cothrin^^ton sent upon Thursday to hia Br. WindiumV 
and had in returne a long letter, the suhstance of which I drew out and 
Kent to .Sir K. A. ; the coppys of my letter and the pai>er I hate put in 
thi.<. Now ^ivo mee leave to (^ive you vla farr as I know on accocnt 
liow nil your officers hehavcd themselves u]K>n this 0'>casion. I will hej;in 
nc»iT h<»me. Tniely Mr. Cothrin^ton was not onely oxtreamly ready w 
to all thint;s of action, hut very prud(*nt, ami with all the re<pcct 
ima^iiiahh* to you, and extreamly temler not to doe more then thfj 
o'ight to doe, but Ikhj is sadly yoakt, Mr. Smith would not ailmitt of hi9 
warnints hut sent of his owne drawing:, when* hec told the countf}' 
all the ptory and nnich mor«*, of severall towns burnt, and when all vas 
done, ordered th«*m ondy to Inre n*ady at an howers w^arniDf;. The 
meeting was ut Wotton, wher th«* clothyers were all for giveing of their 
tradt', ami turnin;; of all th«*re workmen. Hut Mr. Cothrington u«^>ii' 
this day to ^ati^tie them, autl will doe all that ma}' l>ee to quiet them. 

"Mr. Winter's part was vi*ry phiUNint. His man was in the hoon** 
when the alarenie came to meis mx; 1 sent him away to his master with 
the Kime as I had done to the rest, and ye^te^lay his man came to toM 
to lett mei' know that the >tory vfin* all false, and that his master bid 
him tell uu^* hee had done nothing yett, and desin*d to know from niec 
whethrf hee slioidd rais<* the militia. Il was hanl to answer him 
without laughing. I know not well thi' meaning, but I lind Sir I(. Atkin** 
very lorwanl to beh-vt- this, and to bre in armes." 

Mr. Coihrington luis lKduiv<Nl himself so v^-r}' well she w anxiou' 
to Mi|))iort hW retpicst that tlir Manpii*^ r>houhl u*«e his influ€«ncp to 
pro<Mjn- the olHci- of (iov«'rnor of ISarbadfM-s for liis cousin (*othrinpton 
if Sir »I[onathan] Atkin*^ should Iw removed. The report that he i* 
a Papist makrs this likely. 

l^'fdn* making this request ^he had nmde impiiricBof Mr. Fit/II/sfon 
who livtMJ tlnif. He hnyH that he wa> «lrputy governor for live vimr^ 
under nni* of the L.ird Willou^hhvs, and ''ives him an extraordinarr 
higli char:ietrr. The Dr. is to make further impiiri(*H ai to bis chnracdr 
among the Hri'^tol merehants. 

The S\Mi: to lh«* S\MK. 

i UVi^, DeeiMnlKT UJ. liadminti«n. — '* 1 si*iit yon a gn^at <*ompanj 
of pafN'rs la'<t ]Nt>i. I <*3innot t'nrtienre siMiding you tow more that 
you may m«' 1 hail ground for my fright. Mr. FitsII. was the first, 
and within tow hours hlti*r his sonn oimi* from Hrihtoll with » coo- 
tirmation. and ju-*! &s 1 wa> g«»eing t4> ImmI, the Ur.*H lettif, which 
1 eniirluded hei' hml very ^o'l 1 ground for, elnt* Iuh* wouM not 
ha\e sent one a pnrpos«*. When I received the tin^t of chiA news 1 
wa^ writing to \ou. and ha«l writ ail most tow shoi*ls of pafier, mocb 
of It was what >trang stories were ulNuiie the country, for somctbiBK 
of it I hnil heard but did ii<>t U-leve ; but upon tli«* Mayor of Uri5loirii 
m-niling. ami all tin* other euntinnations, I never doubted it, but threw 
my biter in the tter and writ I know not mvNelf what. Truly il U 


•scribe thf> disorder all people were in. This is certaine that M^.orTnB 
)nformi8ts in all places were very brisk upon it, and spread it bbavtobt, 
"6, and I am told by severall that any man would have been 
the head that had but seemed to doubt it. 'Tis Strang what 
)f men in all places were in readincs, but very few armes, and 
: everywhere talk of what you have at Chepsiow, hopeing 
yee suplyed. All the feare was that there was rot enough 
' the King had this accident rightly represented to him I am 
hee would thinke the keeping up that «urrisoii more his 
han your's. .... 

1 1 yett heare of under your command have behaved them- 
re regularly than their neighbours, having proceeded according 
ut in Wiltshire and Somersetshire the captains summon there 
)ut the Deputy Lieutenants, and the townes raise money to 
and as I am told doe many very odd things." 
tices having heard that watch is kept in the neighbouring 
lave ordered the like here, and Mr. Smith, who will always 
•wn wav, would have it double what it used fo be. It has 
for three weeks or more, and the people are weary of it. 
ington wishes to know if it must continue. 
js to melt or otherwise dispose of some odd old things in the 
t belonged to his cousin Somerset, which ai*e useless here, 
mvenient to bring away. 

>us to hear that he has a house for her, and thinks Lord 
It Chelsea better than Lord Paget's, which is too far away 
Q. Thinks Sir N. Crisp's the worst situated, and worst 
ever saw. Thinks she must travel on a Monday or Thursday 
ive one of the Bath coaches. Two coaches of his own will 
there will be at least 15 to travel in coaches. 

Herbert to his father [the Marquis op Worckster.] 

December 2i. Worcester Lodge. — Apology for neglect 
the news of Wednesday and Thursday. Had heard nothing 
iutil the next day. Sends now all the news "which is 
a I am afraid we shall be able to graspe, — or at least 
latter of our proceedings these two last Parliament dayes, 
and yesterday, that is my Lord Treasurer's letters to Mr, 
of which the first and the articles are very exact copyes, but 
it I cannot promise so much for, it being the last I copyed 
as a little weary and was read by one in the Speaker's cham- 
or 12 of us that copyed it a little too far, but as to the 2 
tmined them with the originalls after I bad copyed them in 
I and found them very exact. The letter dated 25 March is 
1 is the most taken notice of, and which has given the most 
} for the impeachment, which was agreed upon on Saterday 
ingrossed and ordered to be carried up by my uncle Henry 
:er I came away, before which there was only one article 
on which as well as upon the others that were made before 
the division being made. The victorious side was alwayes 
ugh there were some changed sides, and some went away, and 
le in before every question, which has been looked upon as an 
longst them that wish it — that my Lord Treasurer is to loose 
in the year /79, which Sir Stephen Fox and Sir Philip 
the Sollicitor, — and which Sir Eobert Holmes and Sir Robert 
ad done if there had not been two comfortable words durante 
ly s&y in their Patents — have already lost for voteing against 


^niKKo"^ the Trpftsnrcr, hilt not it'8 i»ii|>po«c*l without hopes of read mitfi«ioa, bat 
KF%rpoET. tlioso (it* theiM that have good ludjrings iis Sir Stephen Fox ha;*, which 
b" hiis built up in [uirt, arc warned out of thvm, ui I was iafonnedbv 
hist son whom I was to t*ee on Sunday night. They say some have Wu 
fM hold — as Sir Stoplien Fox in particuhir — as to toll the Kinj^ that if br 
had voteil for my Lord Treasurer, knowing 80 much as ho did, he had 
voted against tho King and that In^ would if the King would give him 
li'ave f^> prove it to him as he shouhl not doubt of it, wbieh altho it did 
not make any impression u[>on the King yet it has made people htv<>i 
worse opinion of my Lord Tn-asurer, Sir Stephen haviii(5 the opfiortuoitr 
of knowing mon* of him than other people have. 

^' Ve^itcrday was ap]>r(*hended one Prants a silversmith, whom Bed* 
loe swears was one of the ir.nrthen*rs of Sir Eilmondbury (lodfroy, whu 
has they say confessed so ranch as to(*onfirme wholly Bedloc'i testimooj 
eoneorniug ihat business, and has brought himselfe to that pans that he 
i> hable to l>e hiingt'd if he does not discover the Plot, which hj th« 
ell'eets of the Addresse of the Lords to the King for a {uirdon for him in 
ca<>e he di>eover more of it, have upon farther consideration prevail*:*^ 
with him to discover the porter of Somt?rset House, and one Penruddocl^ 
an irifikeeper in Southwark— where they say your Ix)nlship*fl horM» imt^ 
to stand wlien you wen* at C his wick — and promist^s to discover tb« 
whole plot. 

We did nothing in our hou^* in the morning hut liear two or ihrt^' 
h'ttiTs read that were8<»nt fn)m th.e Kinu, that were — one I think fromS*'' 
Li«inei Jenkins — to Aw^ how Mr. Mountaguc had teen in confereiB^^ 
wiili the 1'o[ie*ri Nuntio at Pari^, niui other things of which he clear^**^ 
h.iex'lf verv well, aIthou;;h tliev were s<'nt thither to shew us tt%*^ 
rea<*ons tli«> King had to S4'ize Mount . . jMiiiers. TJdswas the only iKX>' 
plovnuMit of the morning, although we hndgn*at tri'^ks used to havetft*^ 
impearhment put again to the vote, hut we eouM not Ik* brought to vb *' 
— if I mav dare ^av it sine vour Lordship was not in the House^tb** 
LonU wtTe — what with tin* K.'s pressing them an<l the Prince being pr*-** 
st-nl all the whili» tin* matter wa?* debated— which whs to have hi*** 
pri'^fiif. Mild to lei two (juestioiiH b«* earrie<l, which were contrary to •'* 
priO'iliiit-i I'lilier at Imnie or aSma*!. The first was whether he show^^ 
Im* "•iM|n,".tt'ri-d i'ritiw Parliaiiii-nt, or at lr;l^t withdrawn frtini the Hou^*** 
wl.ii- till' ill iiat«* was about him, whicli was carried in the negative, x'l^^^ 
lliat ]•• -^ImmiM be pH'sent and that \\v shoubl not Ix* committed. Vt*^ 
wet^nl wa> whe;herthe pri-<'e'l»'iit»i >liould be iiispe<-teil to know whelb**^ 
tlii** b<' ]t.'irIianH'ntary or indeed li';!idl, and war* carried that none »lio0'^ 
lt»' irif^pittiil. M» that it h belif. t-d we shall have very angry proceediB^T' 
ir. (Mir hoii •• '»n Thur>day ni'.\t. Tpon it I know not what will be tft>^ 
i^^r.r of' tin- irnat di^euntents tle-^r pHM-iiMlinir- of the lairds have ti r g*^^ 
III; I till" piittini; out o\' mcnili'T'' of our ImuM' for iri\ in;; their voC** 
e.'i:tjaiy i«» ex)K*etatii>n, uiil« *«. it In* thi' pro\rrb my LonI Thonin**** 
wi--:!' in ;:rr:it b'ltrr- iti a h'U*i l;i*'t pn^t It) Sir William Faimer, vl*-* 
il.a; l.» i- Mif«', if <iii.i iliH's hi t a!;M'nd all, the niu*»t end all. 

M\ Aiitit l*n\\ {h u;t.H jii^t ipnv p]i;i-ei| to (-nuK* hither, and lelU 
tl. tt in\ L'lid Pi-m!<ri>ke lia*i •"> di^pIraM-d the Kiiii; by v«)ling 
lb'- I'l inei- ai'riT h«' ha>l pri>ni'>>-'l ti» votf f«»r him, that it is impcHsililef^^ 
hi:.: ri«iu tn i»» t tin- ('ii>tii»« lJ«i!'il«'iniii'> pl-MT, >t* that ^be •'ays nhe hop^^ 
\» i:r L'lnUliip will n^'t lu- «!i-p!i a-rd ->iiie«- my L<»rd Chuncellour D^^^ 
i.'il -niv kriiiw- -^bi" rvrr roil, i-isnil liiT^ilf ill it — if I did propcisr it** 
tbih'' to iiiv um!*' K»»*h'\ I'l *i*l it ol" iMv Lord ( 'hancellour for nie.whk*** 
I will lU't d«> if tbi-ie bi> any tinn' tn U* >|areil, liecauM* the iie«MoC>' 
Ih ii ;; to li.- tbrp* MTV ^oon, li'ii if imt ] bop*> \iiur Lonlship will n<^ 
be aniriy if I propoM- it befi.n- yur Lordship ei)me*«, which 1 have tb^ 


fliore reason to venture upon doing since I know of no inconvenience in ^^^5?" 
the tliingy and that jour Lordship was pleased to have it proposed to mj ^bauvobt. 
Lord Chancellour for Brecknocksliire I think. 

Mr. Price was sent for to appeare this aftemoone before the King 
and Council. If I know anything more of what he hath done at 
Jdr> Harcourt's return I shall write it in the cover. 

I am mj Lord, jour L's obedient son, 


The Marchioness of Worcester to the Marquis. 

[1678,] December 30. — All the waggons are going up to town this 
-week to fetch down goods for the fair. A load of goods this week 
frill be I2d. in a hundred cheaper than next week, and after the fair 
there will be none to be had under 7d, a hundred, and hardlj at that. 
[ This is with reference to sending things to London,] 

Begs him to lorbid his servants in town writing news to those in the 

coontrj. By accident she had heard the usher of the hall had received 

one. She had sent for it, and found that it was all about the Lords' 

House, but not in agreement with his letters ; and that the King had 

promised the Treasurer to protect him for one week, but after that he 

must shift for himself ; and a long storj of Prance and Bedlow, not a 

word of it true, she is confident. It is very inconvenient having such 

tluDgs reported from this house, for the place gives authority to them. 

FiDot that this correspondence has always gone on when he is in 

toim. This letter, anonymous, she is sure was from Yorkshire. His 

WTvants would do better to mind their own business and leave State 

iffiurs to those who ought to manage them. 

Chepstow Castle. 

1678, December 31. — A certificate signed by Thomas Dolman that 
tm this day the Marqub of Worcester presented to his Majesty, present 
in CoQDcil, four papers, certifying that all the officers and soldiers of the 
girrison of Chepstow Castle had taken the oaths of supremacy and 
^egiaoce, received the Sacrament, and subscribed the Declaration 
•ppobted by the late Act of Parliament. One serjeant, two corporals, 
vkI one drummer, were present and personally testified that there had been 
<>ply one Papist in thfe garrison, and he had been turned out five years 
SQce on his refusing to take the oaths, that all the soldiers used to 
f^ive the Sacrament once a year while in garrison. That by Captain 
Spalding's order the roll was called every Sunday at the church door, 
^ all absentees fined, and that the deponenU were generally in default 
*Qd paid the fines, which were expended on making a walk in the 
Otttle, and on other things necessary for the soldiers. That upon 
•very fifth of November all the soldiers attended at the church, leaving 
^^ firearms behind. That Captain Spalding always attended the 
diurch service. That when oaths were tendered they never knew of 
*Dy one's absenting himself, or putting forward another man to represent 
Uql That John Kosser who was turned out five years ago was the only 
Papist they have ever known as belonging to the garrison. The Board 
^fw satisfied, and ordered the Memorial to be entered in the Council 

Four schedules with signatures are annexed. 

The garrison numbers 53. 

The Marquis of Worcester to the Marchioness. 

1678-9, January 2. — Had made an offer of 100/. a year, and to 
ieep the housekeeper and gardener, for Lord Paget's house, but finds 

U 600S0. F 


X88.ovTn be aaka 200/^ and will therefore treat for Lord B«rkele}r*8 hMW at 

jSTSiSt. Crwrford. 

W. Bedlos to the Marquis of Wobcxstbr. 

1679, September 5. Monmouth. — Has made it his business on hb 
journey through Reading, Newbury, Marlborough, &c. to contradict ill 
reports unfavourable to his Lordship ; that at Bristol, Gloucester, Here- 
fonl, and many other places when he saw the accusations in the coffee 
houses, he tore them up, and sent the coffee men to prison. 

The Marquis of Worcester to W. Bedlok. 

1670, September 9. Worcester House. — Acknowledges the abofe 

The Marquis of Worcester. 

A pa|)er containing the speeches in Parliament against the Marqab 
of Worcester as in the Diary at the end of these notes. 

The Marquih of Woiu ester to W. Bedloe. 

[1679.] — Had in his last letter told her of Gates' accusations against 
the Queen, he now sends the address sent to them by the House of 

We yesterday heard the witnosscrs themselves, and after debating it 
from 9 in the morning to 6 at night we almost unanimously refused it, 
there l>eing but five for it. '* 1 suppofie I may name them since tbej 
desirtHl if it was carried against them thoy might have leave to enter 
their protestations. Tlioy were Ijord Shaftesbury, Lord Ilallifax, Lord 
Wharton, l-»ord (jrey, and Sir Herbert of Cherbury. 

*' 1 Hup|)ose I may h1i(0 tell you the evidence, since wliat was delifcrfd 
at th;; barr of lx>th 1Ioum*m, thou;;h in the presence of none but member* 
of each cannot l>ee presumed to bee any great tfecret. 

[Three pages of the storicH of Gates and Bedloe.] 

**C)n Monday we bIihII give the Coninions our reasons at a coo* 
ference why wee did not agree with them. My Lord Ailhbury cai** 
to mee this dny, and condemning mightily his sonnV discourse to m^ 
asked mee at la<t wlint you woulil take for your • • ." [End of psf(^ 
mid the rest mi.*>sing.] 

The Same to the Same. 

[1079.]— [The hitter half of a letter, of which the tirst part i« 

*' I have had a h'ttle brashing at Council this evening, because tbe 
morning's was but a short one, l>y the Lord IIcrUTt of Cherboty, 
though I thinke much to his Lord.shipV fliMuivantJigo. The busintf* 
was this. ll(*e writ up nlMuit three weekes ag«> that the Deputy 
LieutenantM of Montgomery ah ire ha<l not done thrir dutvt^ in ihf 
M'arch of Powis Ca-Mle, and that there were ann<« hid then» in the 
walls and under ground. I'pon which the C'ouneill (»rdered bee shooU 
liuve |x>wer given liim to sean'h for them, and I sent to ^ome of lk9 
Drputy Lieutenant.- to att«'nd him in it, n<» Pe<T*s hou-M* lN*iijg br the 
Act t4» be H^nrehtNl without one. The Deputy Lioutenanl* Qpoo 
n-eeipt of my letters send to offer their S4.'rviee. He inst«uii of makinf 
ui*« of them, in doing what he was onh'retl, telU them in a letter 1 
might have s|Minsi my imineit in mending tliem ordiTs, tor hee coold tcD 
how to cumm»n«l any of them, by the King and Council's order. I 
acquainted the King and Council of this, and desifKl to know wlvt kt 


had done upon that order, for it would have bin a good proofe for Mr. H8S. ov thb 
Attorney against Lord Powis to show hee was in the plot if concealed BxTtSon. 
arms had bin foand. Hee made so fumbling an excuse, and showed so — * 

much malice and so little wit that I pitied him, and would not urge 
things so far as I might, seeing everybody very shame of him. From 
thence I weot to the Queene to give her thanks for laying my sister so 
obligingly aside^ for beinfi^ to keepe none but Roman CathoHcks about 
her that are not Portugese, shee intends but three ladys of the bed- 
chamber of that number, the rest to be Maids of Honour and Dressers, 
and out of civility thinkes shee could do no lesse, since the King stuck 
to her, and showed so much concerne for her when shee was accused, 
than to choose the D. of Portsmouth in the first place, so that there 
remained but two to go with her to her devotions, which it will be 
necessary should bee almost alwaies upon duty, which before they were 
but now and then upon, and but for a day at a time, so that in effect 
they must bee drudges, which shee could not imagine considering my 
Bister's drcumstancear shee could not bee. Yet shee was so tender of 
ha that shee sent my Br. Clarendon to mee to have her consent 
before shee would choose, which I carryed today with as great a 
compliment as I could make." 

Chepstow Castlb. 

1679, May 3. — A list of all the guns, stores, and habiliments of war 
now in Chepstow Castle. 

The Marquis of Worcester to the Marchioness. 

[1680.] — Was at a Committee of Council this afternoon, and has to 
^ at the Council itself to-morrow morning. 

Giyes the heads of the King's speech as far as he can remember. 
I^e King said that having an ill memory and desiring to forget nothing 
h would read what he had to say. He told us that the several pro- 
mogadons had been to very good purpose to himself and his allies. That 
^t had made a league with Spain as he had before with Holland, and 
^ with Spain. That he hoped what was so much desired by former 
l^vliaments would be acceptable to this one, and that though many 
^ht have wished it sooner it was not now too late. He was prepared 
^ do all things for the maintenance of the established religion, pro- 
^^ we did not alter the succession. That Tangier was in a bad 
^Mtion and needed aid beyond his resources. 

The Same to the Same. 


1681, March 25. [Oxford,] Jesus College. — This town is not very 
pleanog to him. The want of a cross post to Bristol is a great dis- 

No one knows how long we shall remain here, *Hhe House of 

Cwnmons not having yet declared themselves — as a House — in anything, 

Jot the general opinion is they will be very angry, which after the 

^Qg** speech I do not see how it can consist with long sitting, if the 

Kiog continue firm to what hee has there declared, and seems in all 

^^sownses to stick to. There was yesterday an opportunity offered him 

to dechire himself to which I ignorantly contributed, but was glad of 

▼hat it produced ; and because you will like what the King said I will 

wpeal as much as I remember of it. Lord Shaftesbury comes up 

ttdliog to our end of the house and says, I have an expedient put into 

07 hand in this paper — which he shewed — that will comply with the 

Cog's speech, and satisfy the people too, and this hee communicates to 

lord Cbanoellour. I being neare asked him whether I and some other 

F 2 


MM. Of TBI lords by meo might not see it. No says hoc the king muKt sao it fim, 
Bia"obt •"^ ^^ y^^ ^^^^ shew it him — for I must not come up to him — ^then yon 

shall see it. Lord ChanccUour — who would not leave his seate — said to me, 
* pray my Lord do.' So I took it and then carried it to the King, think- 
ing it truly some pleasant jest intended for the King to laugh at, for ao 
it seemed by the Chancellour and his laughing, and I could not imagine 
that any serious man could think really to accommodate all thin^ 
between the King and the Parliament in sixlim's, which was all I oould 
see in the letter. When the King read it, he found the expedient wii 
to settle the Crown u|)on the Duke of Monmouth. ' Ay marry,* saTs hee, 
'heerc is an expedient iiideede, if one woulde trample over all fawv of 
God and man.' Says Lonl Shaftesbury, who came prettr neeit 
to see what would follow, ' Sir will you give mee leave to mtke it u 
lawful as wee can ? ' Says the King ' that's just n)bhy luty [?]» sod who- 
ever go(;s about smrh things can )»ee no U^tter than knaves, by the gnwe 
of God,' says the King, ' 1 will stick to that that is law, and maintftine tbe 
Church w* it is now establisht, and not bee of a religion that can make 
all things lawfuU, as 1 know Presbytery can, and overrule all laws thit 
do not advanei; their r(*ligion, and in that they arc ten times worse thto 
the Pope, for tho' hee will have all things under him that can bee p rcwe J 
to I'ce in ordire spiritualties, hee allows it to bee argued whither they ait 
so or no ; but the Presbitt'rians twice when 1 was in Scotland came into 
tilt* Purliam<'iit lious<', nnd )>id them proceede no further in some thing! 
than wi*re U'fore them for they had judgt^l them to entrench upon the 
Kirk.' Several otluT things live t^uid of his rc^solution to stand by the 
Chun:h,though hc*e should have nvver so few stand by him. Lord ShafUf* 
bury .<uiid no Church nor Clergy were but would impose upon the 
government. I .^aid, not the Church of England. Says hee, becaofe 
ihey were never in power and authority. Says the King, * I hojie they 
are now, and 1 will not Itec fur lessening it, and if 1 do I know I Us» 
mv crowne, for wi*c must march tojreather.' So that I thinke now— awJ 
Jhav«* rea>oii to Ixlieve so from what hee told me befort^ in prititt*— 
that hi^* will not l*cean;;ry with us for being against the bill for n*pealio^ 
the Statute of the .'{.ith of Eliz., which wee are this morning to p> 
upon, and I U'lieve ^hali throw out. l^nl Darby p<*titioned yesterdajti» 
be baylfil, and after a debate c»f two hours wee adjout-ne«l it till MuniUj* 

I n*<'eiive«l veft«'niav a letter from my co>in Tom Ilerln'rl, whi'n'in 
I tinil hi-e |liki-^i his being not aliowi'd topn»cee<l(* in the election at Mod* 
moutli very heavil'% which I am mighty sorry f«>r, and il*» you know ^w.* 
as dirpliaMtig to nit- upon several acc4)unts, and my directions wereoo< 
pursued on it. 

** P.S. — 1 must n«»t omit one very gtKxl n'ply of the K info's to l/>f^ 
Shafie>buiy. The Kin;; sjH»aking of standing by the Chureh ^ 
Government ihoiiuh hee had never >o few, said, * I am not like othtf' 
that the uhler they grow the ftarfuUer thry aiv. 1 ihinku the Ie«e *«^ 
can live according to nature, the lesse we** ought to value cne's life* 
*Prav/ ^avs )N)th l^»rd Chancellour nnd Ix>rd Shaltishury, 'donuCbera> 
un(*one«Tn<'<l fi>r your life for in it de]H>ndsall our gcMul.* * Amd yeif f^J^ 
the King, ' / ///« i/it on/i/ Arhitrary Matt,* ** 

The Sami: to tiie Samk, at Hndminton. 

IG'^l, Match !;>. Oxford. — Is glad to hear she walks aliout amoof 
the workmen. He and his son are well. The UhI and furniture i* 
his ehau)b«*r lodk well, an«l have n» much reputation tluil his M>nrBBt^ 
tell him many strangers conii* to ler it, and it is nnich cried up. Thinkf 
truly that both rut mis and furniture are better than the King's in Cliri^ 


Sends a list of the votes, and of the parliament men. [Not in this MS8. ov tkb 
i^Uerl Dunof 

Does not find that the House of Commons is likely to agree either — * 

with the King or the House of Lords. ** Not with the King, for you 

see the Bill of Exclusion ordered, which the King declares in hb speech 

agminst. Nor with the Lords for you see they will have Fitz-Harris 

tned by impeachment, and the Lords have left it to the law, which 

is oerteinly the regular course, the proofes being so home by there 

witnesses that hee must certainly bee condemned at law — who appeares 

to all men a horrid viUatne — in bespattering not only this King but his 

father and grandfather with being Papists and indeavouring to bring in 

Popery, wi& several other horrid assertions. Who set him at work is 

not found out, but the party that endeavours to have him tryed by 

impeachment is certainly the most favourable to him, for hee is sure to 

be hanged in the King*s Bench, and there are many things may happen 

to save him the other way, as Prorogation, Dissolutions, &c. Or if the 

King will have him suffer hee must bee obliged to continue the Parlia- 

' ment sitting, whatever reason they give him to the contrary till it 

bee done, which they may prolong that are prosecutors as long as they 

please. If it were not for one of those reasons possibly some would not 

bee 80 fond of having a commoner in a criminal matter tryed by the 

Lords, who are not his peeres^ contrary to Magna Charta. Mv Lord 

'Howard of Escrick made a long speeche to excuse himselfe that,. 

oontrary to a maxime hee has, and the truest — ^hee says — ^that a man can 

goveme himselfe by — viz. that Papists are not convertable by Protestants 

tt this time — ^hee had bin so overcome by his good nature as to suffer 

tbis man to eate and bee constantly at his house at Knightsbridge for a 

great while togeather before this broke out, which I should have bin 

Terj sorry had bin at mine. Wee [?] have displeased the Commons in 

ttofber affaire, and that is by not fdlowing a Committee of both Houses 

to examine our clerke about the losse of the Bill to repeal the Statute 

of tbe 26th of Queene Elis., and are not for ought I see like to please 

tbem in anything. 

I have not time to write any more, Prayers having bin long this 
ouxning in the Colledge, at which I constantly am, and not beginning 
till eight o'clock, and the King being to sit early." 

The Sabie to the Same. 

N.D. — Her brother writes that the Council had met for the purpose* 
of taking new informations about the Plot. ** The Duke of Monmouth 
ctme into the Council and took his usual place there, and as I heare, the 
Sing shewed the same kindnesse as hee used to doe, and 'tis said 
<peus of him soe at other times. He has delivered up his commission 
•8 General Ac/' 

The news on Saturday was that the Duke of Monmouth was to go ta 
Himburg and Berlin on Wednesday or Thursday, and the Duke on 
Friday next, and the King to Newmarket on Saturday. The Queen 
ttd Ooart go with them. The phisicians came to the Council to acquaint 
^hem they intend to give the King the Jesuits powder five of six 
times before he goes to Newmarket, which they agreed to. He looks 
^, eats two meals of meat a day as he used to do. 

Ton may remember that I told you of a gentleman that was to bend 
or breake, I find from good hands the same resolution holds, and if hee 
<loe not bend hee is to lose his place. I beleve there is not the least 
<loQbt of the Parliament sitting at the time 


MBS. o> Tn " I am told that notwithntandine all arts possible to make it otherwiM 
Bka^bt. ^^® people are not so evident aji^ainst the Duke as they have been, bat it 
-~~ is strange the making the Duke of Monmouth his competitor with tbt 

Duke, hath given Monmonth a strange interest more than hee had, for 
the fear of Poperj is soe great that thej are apt to catch at any rotten 
reed rather than venture that. It is said hoe attempted — I know not 
whether succec<lcd — the Duke of Southampton, and that incensed th^ 
King. Tis so extravagant that I think it must bee made &c." 

The Same to the Same. 

I68I9 Jicie 16. Cranford. — Cannot l>e down before the mastfl* 
because no answer has yet como to the letter sent by I^rd CC., as he 
told me to-day at tht; Council at Hampton Court, and he cannot get 
the King to ap|M>int a day for the other business, wliich now cannot h$ 
this week, Mr. Secretary going this day to London, and not coming lo 
Windsor till Wcdnestlay. 

Remarks about the coming musters in Gloucestershiro. 

** Tom Chceke told meo this morning at Hampton Court that Fitzharris 
desired him t4> tell the King that if hee would change his punishment 
into tnins|>ortatiou ur perix;tuall banishment hee would discover who 
put him upon accusing the Queene, thi; Duko, and the Earl of Danby, 
and niak«* it out by more than his own testimony.** 

Had stayed so long at dinner at Xed Prayers* lodge, with the Lord 
Chancellor and Lord Conway, he has not time to write more. 

The Same to the Same. 

1681, July 2. London. — " Yon will the Icsse grutch my star io 
these parts when I tell you of this days* worko, and tliat wee oa^ 
this morning signed a warrant at the Council — the King present- 
to send Lord Sh»rtcsl)ury to the Tower, who had nothing to ttT 
for hims<*lf but that if a certainc sort of witnesses were belier^l 
— whom very lately heo maj^nitied and would havo to bet* sufficieot 
ont's — no man in Kn^^Iand was safe as to li^e or fortune. Wc^ 
afterwards Inul i\w |Mi|M'rs left in Dr. Hawkins his hands, referrtd 
to by Fit/hiirris at his execution and att4*ste<i by the Dr. — who i* 
the Minister of tin* Tower, and who put him in mind every lio^ 
hee writ of his l>cing to answer so soone at CifsTs tribunall — and thrK 
other witn(*H(M*8, wherein lie<* declares how hee had bin in«luc*t by tb< 
Sherrifs and the Reconh-r to say what hee did a;;:iin>t the Queene, Dnk^* 
and Karlc of Danby, being promist it should sav4* him till a ParliameO^ 
and there hee should bec^ ac(|uitt<Ni. All which hee declares to t"^ 
utterly fals**, and askcs God and the [MTsims eoneerniHl forgivenesse S^ 
having sworne it, and renounces GinTs pardon if what hee now says 
net true. Tlie thing itM*lf will 1m *e s|M'<*dily in print and therefore 
only slightly mention M>ine particulars in it. 

1 ho|M; though with gniit ditHculty — which I «Iid not expect 
• • . — that Harold ainl IVitv will Ix'e left out, for I^nl Ch, who 
very loath to do it and oppo*^'^! it highly, :old niee toMiay it should 
but I lnu^t se<» it (lone olb'r the ub<(truotirns I luive met with, or it 
yet fail*'/* . 

G*»es this evening to Cranford, to-morrow to Windsor. A inata h^^ _ 
faced calf is t(» In* caught for I^ml Norric^s and anc»ther with a 
babl faced, am! another oriliimry one, for Lord Winchelse*, Aodl 
faced fawn for Sir KobiTt Atkins. 


The Sake to the Same. M8S.ovTn 

1681, November 12. [LondoD]. — ^Has come home late because the Bbaviobt. 

King went to a plaj in the afternoon, a thing he does very seldom, 

and I not much oftener, and he had felt himself obliged in good 

manners to do so too. 

The King pricked last night the English sheriffs. I had my roll 

ready, but put off giving it in ^* because of a doubt in the King whether 

hee should prick in two or three countys good men or men notoriously 

ill, because of incapacitating them for being chosen in case a Parliament 

should bee within the year, and hee will consider which between this 

and next Wednesday. There is a Commission of Oyer and Terminer 

for the trying of Lord Shaftesbury, but it must bee by a London jury, 

so all advantage the King will have by it probably spe^Jdng is that the 

people will see the jury is againe foreswome, and that the evidence was 

full enough in case the jury had bin impartiall." 

The Mabchioness of Worcester to the Marquis. 

[1681,] December 3. — Approves of the proposed purchase of the 
house at Chelsea. 

If he wishes to make the King a present he can give him a young 
peacock and peahen such as are not to be found elsewhere. Their 
necks are coloured as the others, the heads and the feathers on the top 
of them are milk white, which makes their shining necks extremely fine. 
Their bodies and long feathers are ash colour, spotted with black. They 
are lovely birds. 

The Marquis of Worcester to the Marchioness. 

1681, December 11. — People are mighty busy in making their 
Interest for Parliament men, though there is nothing yet resolved of 
that kind, it depending on what the King of France will do, whether 
continue his blocking Luxembourg or no. 

The Same to the Sams* 

1681, December 17. [London], — Has just written by the King's 
command to thank the Mayor of Bristol for so vigorously putting in 
execution the laws against conventicles. Hopes the City wUl do the 
like, having received a like injunction. Has bought Lady Bristol's 
house at Chelsea for 5,000/. The road to it is so dry that most times he 
has been able to walk in the highway and in a quarter of an hour 
from Lord Arlington's. The water is brought from Kensington in 
pipes and is very good. 

The Same to the Sake. 

1682, June 24. Chelsea. — The King and Queen came yesterday to 
town. The Lord President is my neighbour. He keeps a very mighty 
good table. Had gone with him to the Council where the business was 
between Lord Ormond and the Lord Privy Seal, ** but the passages Lord 
of Ormond takes exception at being out of the printed book, Lord 
^yj Seal has time to compare the print with his manuscript to see if 
^^^7 agree before he owns them to be his, and when he does he is to 
^^iend them the best he can, but I think he will have much to do." 

The Same to the Same. 

1682, November 27. [London].— Has little news, only it is certain 
^rd Shaftesbury has been seen at the Brill, in Holland. 


lfM.of THB Had h(i the question of his title to the heralds who advised modi 
Bil^ar. ^ °^^ ^^^ rather than the continuance of an old one, which, thoogh 
— practised in several cases of late, is not according to rule. ^ Therefore I 

have chosen Beaufort, and that my son be called Worcester, the herdds 
saying that the title is most eligible which brings in remembrance the 
family one comes of. There are several other promotions, as Lord 
Norris made Earl of Abington ; Lord Hyde, Earl of Rochester ; Lord 
Cambden, an English Earl — I know not his title — ^Lord Townsend a 
Viscount ; George Legge and Sir John Bonnet, English Barona, the 
first of DartmouUi, the second of Ortestree ; Churchill, a •Scx)tch Baron,, 
or Viscount I know not which, so that I find the reason why the King 
was unwilling tx> open the doore.** 

The Same to the SAifx. 

1682, Novonil)er 28. — Finds by her letter that he had not lighted oor 
the title she would have chosen, but now it cannot be helped. 

The fcAst of the Artillery (,^ompany has taken up the whole day« and 
so tired him that after waiting on the Duke back to Whitehall he had 
come home to Chelsea. 

There was a vast deal of company, and almost all the people of 
quality at the feast. 

The stewards that tn»ated us wore the Duke of Albemarle, Lord 
Oxford, Earl of Arundel, and Lord Faulkland, who have resigned their 
places to the Duke of Ormond, Earl of Sunderland, Earl of AlesboTT, 
and Lord Falconbridge. The four (Lieutenants?) are the two Sherifnr 
North and Rich, Sir R. Hadcock, and another Knight. The Mayor, 
Recorder, Iwtli Sheriffs, and the major part of the Aldermen were there. 

Capt. Mathews has brought some partridges from Tangiers, and he 
hopes to get some antelopes. 

The Same to the Same. 

[16S2.] — Much worried with his own and other people's bnsine.«8. This 
morning had been turned out of l)od early in the ugliest mist ever eeeo 
or smelt, to wait ui>on the King on behalf of one Captain Mathews, who 
|mrtaking of his master Monmonth*s fall is turne<l out of his employ- 
ment ill the Guards. . . . Dares not bo a minute from the Coaool 
while it siti«. 1 had much ado to procure my cousin Tom (?) Herbert ao 
order to see the affidavits made against liim and more time to aniwer the 
charge. Ned Seymour was against me, which I did not expect, and 
for Arnold, but I ho|)e it will not l>o so when the dispute comes becweeir 
my son and him. Fools it necessar}' to be more at Court than ntual^ 
which is no great doliglit. 

The DcKK OF Bkaufort, 

lf>83, NovomWr 22. — Papers in an action by the Duke of Beftofortp 
against J. Arnold, Ks^., in which the jurv gave' 10,00()/.damage«,eDdiogr 

"This is to certify at the desire of the said John Aniold and in bi^ 
own wordt*, that ht* thinks himself lN>und as a Christian and a gentlemac^^ 
to take shame ufMm himself for all his >candalous mii^di'meanourBtoward^^ 
the Duke of Beaufort, an<l to make this publick acknowh-dgmcnt of bi^^ 
Grant's generous and undosorve<l condescontions towards his relief'^ 
declaring likewise that this advert iwment is true in every cii 
and the voluntary art of — ....'* 

The DvKK OF BF.A!'r(»RT to the Dirnt^iS. 

N.Y., Augu!>it 31. Birmingham. — Will l>o at Wootlstock by noon 
Saturday. Has leO Shrewsbury for Powis CaMle, by which 


he has escaped bad quarters in several places and the hard duty of hss^vtex 
riding to Holywell and back. Expects to-morrow to join the King at BsAuraa. 
Coventry. ' ""^ 

*^ I suppose you take it for granted the King will bee with you again on 
Tuesday, the time for dinner to bee ready I will send the night before. 
The High Sheriff and gentlemen I suppose will meet the King on 
Monday upon the confines of the county." 

The Lords op the Council to the Dukb op Beaufort. 

1684-5, March 2drd. — Order to the Duke of Beaufort to attend the 

The Earl op Pbterborouoh and the Earl of Arlington to the 

Duke of Beaufort. 

1685, May 16. — Certificate that the Duke of Beaufort was this day 
sworn and admitted one of the Gentlemen of the Bedchamber. 

The Duke of Beaufort to J. Smith, of Nibley. 

1685, June 17. Bristol. — Desiring him to get together such of the 
tenants and neighbours as he can trust with arms, and secure Berkeley 
Castle from a surprise by the enemy. He is hereby authorised to 
obtain arms by taking them from all persons not authorised by Act of 
Parliament to carry them. 

(Signed) James R. 

The Duchess of Beaufort to the Duke. 

[1685,] June 23. Chelsea. — Hopes to come down in a few days^ 
but hears there is a troop of horse rambling about Wiltshire for plunder. 
Her friends are as concerned at her going *'as if I were going to 

Sir John Guise has been before Ihe Council. 

A letter has come from Justice Hopton^ with an account of Sir K.. 
Gwin. She has sent it to her brother C. to show the Eincr. Co. Jefiries 
sends a very good account of their militia. Hopes that Bristol will be 
safe if the rebels begin to desert their mock king. 

The marriage of " Mall" with Lord Ossory is to be in the country. 

The Same to the Same. 

[1685.] London. — A letter has come from Lord. Ossory from Salis- 
bury, but the express left him last night at Bridport. 
Fears he is in a very dangerous place. 

Kino James II. to the Duke of Beaufort. 

1686-7, February 12. Whitehall. — *'I forgott when you went 
out of towne to give you directions to speake with such Parlia- 
ment men as you shall see in the country, about what I intend 
to endeavor to have done when they shall meet next, which is to 
have the two tests and penal laws repealed, that my Catholick 
subjects may be in the same condition the rest of my subjects are. 
Therefore pray take pains with such as make difficulty to promis to 
comply with my so resonable desires, and gett as many of them 
as you can to promise you positively that they will do it, so that 
against you come back hither you may be able to give me a true 
account, and send to such as are any thing neare you to come to you 
that you may speake with them about it. As for the Ilerefordsheir 
men that are in towne, I have spoken with all of them, and they have 


If 86. Of Txa fully satisfyed me. I heare Sir John I^I organ is in the eovntfTt be 
bSTcvobt. ^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^''^f ^^^ ppeak with him for if he will not comfMy of 
— which I do not doubt, he shall bo no longer in my pay. Speake alto to 

as many as you can of the Welsh members, and take great care to gett 
none but such as you can be sure of to be chosen in the vacancys which 
are where you hare to do. I have a very good prosi>ect of being aMe 
to carry it in both houses but no pains must be spared to gun people, 
which is all I have now to say. 

The DrKE of Bkaufort to the Duchess. 

1687, June 16. Windsor. — The King is quite well of a slight toach 
of the gout which hindcn*d him from spending all Monday in the eamp 
in seeing his men drawn up several ways and in several figures, which 
lasted until eight o*clock at night, with no interval except for dinner, 
which was on the table at Lord ChurchilPs before he came first out 
of the field, and was no very long meal. 

It was a fine day. Yesterday was hot, but it did not hinder the King 
from going again to the camp, where he dined with Loni DuubaitOD, 
and stayed all the whole anorniMin, se«*ing the train of artillery march in, 
and Lord DimlMurtou's regiment of fusiliers, which the Kiug saw that 
night encamp, being on liorsehack all the afternoon till six o'clock, at 
which tune he took coach and came buck to Windsor. Ho is so well he 
intends to hunt Htag to-morrow. 

Had not hod time in eitlier of his last two letters to tell her of the 
extraordinary good fortune of the Duke of AUicmarle in recovering a 
Spanish wreck that has lain in the sea forty-two years, and tjcen fished 
for by several natives, but chiefly by tlie Spaniards tliat lost her in the 
seas near the [renjardys. His sliare in the silver already brought here 
comes to between forty and fifty thou^imd pounds. Ih'and his i^artnera 
oflfcr the King at u venture for his share, which is by agreement to be 
but a tenth, 20,000/. The others that went hhures with him wore Lord 
Falkland, Sir Jam«44 Hayes, and Sir John NnrlHiroii^h, but their*s was 
each of them but half his. This project went a begging for a sreat 
while, and Lord Sunderland, Lonl Portsmouth, and several otnen, 
refus4^I to l»e concerned in it, and to venture any niont*v uiKm it. Sir 
Richanl Hoddoi'k was so unlucky that he sold hi<* hundred i>ound nhare 
for ninety but a month or two Itefore the thing was found. U wooU 
have brought him eight thousand pounds. 

This may chance stop the Duke of AlU>niarle*s gnin^ to Jamaica, 
though he says he is still n*^oived to go. liord I)evon.*<liin* was y eater- 
day lined 30,000/. in the King's Ik^neh, and to In: thcn^ in prison till be 
pays it« The Duke of (xraAon has had tlien^ the 1 Matter of Lord 
Berkeley in the business of the riot at Nonsuch. 

The King has Ixvn this aAenioon at the CtM-kpit, seeing Lord 
Gurdison's cockn fight, where I won tlinn.' guineas of bis Majeftfy, and 
two of I»rd Churchill. 

The Same t<» the Same. 

N.Y., OctolxT 29. — Has just <romc fnirn the greatest entertainmaai 
he ever saw at a Lord Mayor's fea^t in the eity, and the U*ht ordered^ 
though there was the greatest concourse there and in the siret'ta that 
wai ever known, and the greatest acclamations all tlir«>ugh the citj aa 
the King passed. The Cjueen did not dare venture, n*nieniberiiig cha. 
the Bristol entertainment liad put her out of order, but all the nobilitj 


in town, and the foreign JVIinisters were there. The Pope's Nnncio in u^wTwa 
particular was invited by the Lord Mayor and nobly entertained. ^ISow. 

[Most of these letters are long, but the greater part of them is taken 
up with £ftmily and domestic affairs.] 

A Mbhorandum in the Duke of Bbaufobt's own handwriting. 

*^ This Paper was delivered me by his Majesty with his owne hand on 
Wensday the 26th of October 1687, at his Cabinet Council in Lord Sun- 
derland's office. Lord Chancellour, Lord President, Lord Middleton, 
Lord Dartmouth, and Lord Gk)dolphin sitting with him, and Mr. Bridge- 
man one of the Clerkes standing by, and is the same with that deliver'd 
to the Duke of Norfolk, Earle bf Bathe, Lord Preston, and Lord 
Walgrave, who were called in and received theirs the same sitting." 

" The King's indorsed Instructions October 26, 1687. 
That the Lord Lieutenant of the Counties of Gloucester, Hereford, 
MonmoGth, North Wales, South Wales, and of the City of Bristol, do 
call before him all the deputy Lieutenants and Justices of Peace within 
his Lieutenancy either jointly or separately as he shall think best, and 
aske him one by one the following questions : 

1. If in case he shall be chosen Knight of the Shire, or Burgess of a 

Town, when the King shall think fitt to call a Parliament, 
whether he will be for taking off the Penal Laws and the Tests ? 

2. Whether he will assist and contribute to the election of such 

members as shall be for taking off the Penal Laws and Tests ? 

3. Whether he will support the King's Declaration for Liberty of 

Conscience, by living friendly with those of all perswasions, as 
subjects of the same Prince, and good Christians ought to 

^ As he shall ask these questions of all Deputy Lieutenants and Jus- 
tices of the Peace, so he shall particularly write down what every one 
answers, whether he consents, refuseth, or is doubtfuU. That he like« 
wise do bring the King as good an account as he can of all the several 
Corporations within his Lieutenancy, what powers of such as are 
willing to comply with these measures have creditt enough of their 
own to be chosen Parliament men, or may be chosen if assisted by their 
friends. And lastly what Catholicks and what Dissenters are fitt to be 
added either to the list of Deputy Lieutenants, or to the Commission 
of the Peace throughout the said Lieutenancy." 

The Duke of Beaufort to the Duchess, at Badminton. 

[1688,] June 7. — " The Queene comes out now every night into 
the drawing and looks well though extreamly big. Shee goes out 
. . . as soone as it can be got ready. The King has been a hunting 
and is just now returned after a great chase and killing a very fat 

" 5 in the evening. 

"The Queene intends to breede up what God sends her by hand. I 
told my sister of your invented porringer and intend to tell the Queene 
of it. Men whisper you will present the Queene with a gold one or 
referre my sister to Mr. Child for a pattern, who I think used to make 
them. I leave to you what you think most adviseable. If they had 
not bin made pretty common the first certainly would bee best. Do 
you resolve." 


MM. ov m The Same to the Sams. 


N.Y.9 March 28, Badminton. — Hears that the King's pi^rir b much 
stronger than it was, and the other discouraged, and the coClee homes 
no longer talking treason at the rate thej once did. 

The Duchess of Beaufort to the Duke. 

[1688,] December 15. Bailminton. — ^Trusts he has arriTed safelj 
with the Prince at London. Had been in very great anxietjr. 

<' Last night at 2 o'clock Mr. Cothrington Eends mee a letter that hae 
had certainc inteligence that a great bodj of Irish were come within 
5 mile of Wotton Iktssett, and that thej burnt and killed all as thej 
came along. 

^ Some of your servants being towards Anton saw, as thej aaid, a 
regiment of dragoones march through to Malmesburj in the evening. 
I wisht him to send to give them notice. Hoe had before sent to 
Sir Thomas Stevens, Sir G. Low, to Sir John Guise at Glocesler, and 
indeed everywhere. Thiit morning by that time it was light hee came 
hither, he sent his B' to Malmcsbury, who returned him an anawer 
that Andover was burnt ; with this hee and I thought it but a story, 
and I was pritty quiet ; but aboute 1 1 o'clock hee comes with a troope 
of gentlemen hee said that were come to defend mee and to bee 
directed by mee what to do, but with news that Reading and Newbury 
was burnt, and that they were come as farr as Marlborough. I tbankt 
them and wisht them to march up, for that it was allwaica I have 
heard l>etter to fight an enemy out of one's owne country. But atiU 
tboy delayed goeing away ; att last hee came and told mee they wanted 
armes, and heard I had some beer and cannon. I told them I had 
aboute 60 mu8k<»tt8 to defend the house, and tliat it would bee atrmngt 
that gentlemen that came to assiste mee should take away what I had to 
defend me<». In short they would not goc without them. I desired 2f 
they tookc them they would Ic^ve a note with their names to it that 
they would accompt for them. There is tow of Stevens's senna of 
Cherington, tow of Judge Hales's grand children, and one Talboji. 
The cannon I hail cary'd into the Court. Cater has been at Thorn- 
bur}' where Sir K. Ashfield is with his troope, and a great many more. 
I have sent Cater back againe to them to tell them that I had a letter 
this day from yr>u from Reeling, and that you must passe throi*gb 
Newbury, and that you mention not anything but all quieC and that yoo 
were last night, I belevo, with the I?rinco at Windsor, and that the 
letters from London assure nice that the Kinge is driven ashore and 
comeing up to towne, and that they write all will bee well. SUnner 
came with news that there was tow thousand at Sodbery, and that thej 
were comeing hither for armes. I sent thither, the messenger is 
returned ; h(*e savs Sir T. Stevens and old Ravmond is there, alkd tiee 
judges about n hunderM, but no speech of their comeing hither. The 
country is in a great disturbance. It wen* very well if jt)*! could pro- 
cun» the lVinr«»— or whoever else gives order — tos€*nddown orders unic 
the country to lett the countrj-s know that they should bee qnleC, for 
that hee i'omes to maintaine the laws, and not to countenance tbeae dia* 
orders. I trust you an* safe where you are ; I would not for anytUn^ 
in the world you were heer ; I hope in Go<l all will bee quietl againe 
in a little time, the hopes that you are safe makes mee very cooragionf* 
I have sent to desire Sir Gabriell Low to come and bee heer thia night, 
tho' I hope there will bee no need of hitn.'* 


The Same to tho Same, at Beaufort House. MS8.ovths 

Dun Of 

[1688,] December 17.— News has come that the King is dead or b^auiobt. 

^' I much feare this is a part of our Friday night's business still to keepe 
the people ready to do mischiefe. I have sent to several of the gentlemen 
what I heard, and that I was snie this must be a story framed to do 

I believe you will wonder when I tell you that a letter from Drake 
yesterday did very good sarvis. He sent one on purpose with a letter to 
acquaint us that the same news had raised all their country, onely they 
had fibbed (or filbed) with other towns — that country was all in armes — 
the gentlemen sent immediately to Salisbury, which was reported to be 
of fire, where they found no such thing there nor anywhere else, so they 
presently dispersed the people and all was quiet by Saterday night. 
But our people heere were not so, for Sir John Ashfield's troop and at 
lest 400 more met upon the splats yesterday,, where they continued 
until two o'clock, and then went to Wotton — there were a great many 
gentlemen. I sent Drake's letter to Sir G. Low, who it seems gave it 
to Lord Dursley, bee read it to the company, who finding their neigh- 
bours wisdome thought fitt to dismisse thelr's too, so the troope was sent 
home, and the country people promised to go home to their houses and 
settle to worke. 

^' I am assured by very sober people that within lesse than twentie 

mile of this place there were many more than twentie thousand up, and 

the rable extreame rude and not only threatening mee but most that 

were in commission. Their had been care taken to blow about amongst 

them the King l>eing gone out of the Kingdome all commissions ceased, 

and not only them but the laws. It is God's gi*eat mercy they did no 

hart. Sir 6. Low, and Major Raymond have been extreame carefull ot 

mee, and truly I think if they had not managed veiy prudently I might 

have had some mischief done. I am told from a pretty good hand that 

Mr. Berkley and Chester had perswaded Sir John Ash : to go in with 

your troope to Sir John Guise. Several would not send in their horse 

upon his warrant, but with those he had they say he declared bee would 

go to the P : . This they say hee did upon second thoughts. I beleve 

Sir J. G. does uot thinke fitt to ap^are openly, but these people who 

took the muskets from heare are all his creatures. All is at present 

quiet, but the Prebeterians wonderfully busy. Mr. Lake who came this 

day to see mee tells mee that a leading man of them came to him this 

rooming in the street, and askt him what hee thought now, whether wee 

should not have a Commonwealth. As I am writing Cater comes to mee 

and tells mee Sir T. Stevens sent for him this morning and bid him 

bring mee a note of some armes that were taken from him by your 

order, and that hee expects to have them delivered to him. Cater 

satisfied him that they were never brought hither. However hee would 

have him bring the note. I sent him word that you were now at 

Windsor with the Prince and I would send you word. One thing in 

our alarums Wa6 pleasant. The troopes of dragoons proved to bee 

Mr. Trenchard with, 1 am told, 120 horse. They say hee was to guard 

£11000 in tow wagons from BristoU to Oxford; 2 such wagons did 

lie at Sodbury Thursday night, and onely six troopers with them — I 

suppose Malmesbury is the neerer way — so Trenchard with his troope 

chose to go that way. Mr. Cothrington sent the alarme of the Irish 

thither, which as soone as they had, they rid away to Glocester as 

W as they could, the reason they gave was they could not fight without 

Sir John Guises orders, I suppose this is another spiu* fight. Last night 


MBS. or TMM Lord Thomond lent a gentleman with a letter directed to yoa and mee. 

^Svwon. ^^ ^^^ ^^ complain that his sonn was eone without his leave, and in it a 
— letter to him that my daughter was 1^ without money. His desire was 

that you would sent a note to Mr. Atwell, Lord Thomond's goldsmitht 
to keep some in his hands for her. I askt his man what this meant. 
Hee tells mee that last Wendesday when Lord 0*Brien eame to bis 
father in a soldiers habitt and declared his resolution to go to the Prinoei 
hee quarelled with hi in, but gave him notes for his whole Christmas 
halfe year, so that your poore daughter is in a sad case without money 
for her and her children, and in a papist's house within 8 mile ot Lord 
Peterbourgh's house, which was then puling down, the mobile haTing 
puled downe anotlier gentleman's house within a mile of Northampton Ae.'* 
Has accepted a tenant for a farm because the bailifiPe says * he will bee 
a Tery good husband upon it.* 

Elizabeth, Lady Capel. 

A schedule of the estates inherited by Elizabeth, Lady Capel, from 
her father. Sir Charles Moryson, Bart. Attached to a petition to 
Parliament for their restoration. 

An Undated Papi-^. 

^ Lord Huntinprton taken up, said to be discharged on taking the 
oathes. Lonl Marlborougli taken into custody. Fergason sent to 
Newgate. Warrants a<;ain8t veiy many, non to be found. Mr. Ridley 
in custody. Capt. Carter from Ushant adviseth can see nothing. Dela- 
Tall 2 leagues from Haver. Dr. Grace sendeth advice has taken only 
fisher boats, who say 500 and mon* tran9{>ort ships are in Normandy 
portH, men on board, but knows nothing; of the French fleet, this the 
Court will informe us except«»d a*< the Jacobites say in K. J. declara- 
tion besides judges, jiirvs, witnesses, and surh as wt»re concerned io 
Ashton*s death, and one more, yet non left without hopes if will 

Ormond, Winchester, Sunderland, Bathe, Danby, Nottinglmm, New> 
port, Bi.-hop of Ix)n(lon, Awitt', Delamore, C<>lcH*Mter, Comhury, Dunblane, 
Churchill, Sir 15. How, Sir J. W(>rdi'n, Sir S. Griniston, Sir S. Fox, 
Sir (i. Treby, Sir li. Dixmond, Sir tl. Oxendrn, Dr. Bnniett, Dr. Til- 
lotsoD^ F. Rusj*<»ll, U. Lewson, .1. Trencliard, C'. Duncumb, Edwards, 
Hunt, Napplct<»ii, men of Ft-versham who um*<1 the King ill. 

Could say homething of the fleete but mam is goo<l." 

K. SouTiiwKLL to the Duke of Bkauvokt. 

16SS, DecpmWr 11. Kingsweston. — **The news of yestenlay is not 
K) surprising as it i.'^ very great, for when one had a crab-tree ca4tel 
and the other but n hull«)W cane, it was easy to see the event. 

" Whether thi* King and Qut'i'n have emlmrked together, *»r where they 
are gone is uncertain, though Dunkirk Im* nam<'(l. And whether the 
Prince will l>o declared Prott^tor or ]>nK'laimed King, and attend for 
this until the Princess arrives is now th<* talk 

** I did noi hoar of my kou in nine days after he went« He turned 
volunt<^T undf»r the Karl of Mackersfield, and thei-e he is. But as be 
l)egan his eompliuK'iit.s nion* early than his father. 1 am now thinking to 
get up to London wIku I can, and to do the* like. 1 l>eiieve this news 
will U* nio»t of all amazing in France, and that all our thunderbolti 
will light thrre, Upsides whjit may fall from the n*sX of Kurufte. They 
have great 4l«'M»lati<»n*« and inhumanitief« to account fur, and it looka aa 
if heaven wt-re now diH{>o.'>ed to Ik.* an avenger.*' 


Th. Hbrbbrt to . ^Sn S" 

16^5-6, March 12.— Three of the plotters were tried yesterday at the B"^^?"^ 
adjonmed sessioiis at the Old Bailey for conspiring the King's death, 
and their evidence by four witnesses against them^ for which they are 
condemned. . • . Sir William Parkyns it is like wiU be one to be 
tried. He was taken in a gentleman's chamber in the Temple upon 
Taesday last. Upon the trial of those above mentioned it apt>ears that 
he was at all their meetings. 

A parcel of 40 letters firom Lord Coventry to Lady Coventry 
between the years 1690 and 1709. Many of them interesting, but 
dealing exclusively with domestic affairs. 

The Lords of the Council to the Eabl of Covsntrt. 

1700, February 26. — Order to impress any seamen, and those reason- 
ably suspected to be seamen, who may be found in the county of Worcester 
bdng of able body. They are to be sent under guard to the Sheriff 
of the next county towards the sea, and so on from Sheriff to Sheriff 
until they are delivered to the conductor appointed by the Admiral. A 
place of security to be provided in each county. Each man to have a 
shilling press money, and an allowance of sixpence a day for mainten- 
ance while under restraint, and eightpence when travelling. 

The Samb to the Same. 

1702, October 30. — Order to stop the impressment of seamen in the 
county of Worcester, the ships being well manned. 

Lord Clarendon to [the Duchess of Beaufort]. 

1702, November 5. London. — Is doing his best to forward the busi- 
x&ess between my Lord Duke and my Lord Berkeley, but no business 
almoet meets with the dispatch it ought. Does not doubt that the Act 
in this business will pass when it is brought in. 

Does not send public news because she has the printed papers. 
Congratulates upon the Duke of Ormond's glorious victory over the 
^Vench and Spanish fleets. The Queen immediately presented Lord 
Shannon, who had beeq sent express with the news by the Duke, with 
1,000 guineas. 

For his victories — " for they have bin very great likewise in Flanders — 
^e Queen hath appointed this day se'night for a day of Thanksgiving, 
'^hen she goes to church at St. Paul's attended by the two Houses of 
Parliament, a good old ceremony, but hath scarce bin performed in the 
iJiemory of man." 

A great windfall has fallen to Lord Thomond by the death of Lady 
Cat. O'Brien the day before yesterday. She has disposed of all she 
^) except a few legacies, among my grandchildren. Her substance 
cannot be known until the execution of Sir Joseph Williamson's will, 
which is not yet performed. 

Lord Coventry to 

1702, December 10. London. — " I have at last with some diflSculty 
obtained a warrant for the meeting of the Delegates on Saturday the 
IS instant which about two days since I procured to be signed in the 
House by the three Peeres, and Mr. Dale has undertaken to get it 

gigoed by the rest of the persons concerned The 

dasgeroos Bill I mentioned in my last is past our House though 


MgLof THs not without groAt amendiuents, the |)enaltie8 being very mnch lesMoedt 
BiAvroBT. an<i ^l>e Peerage I think being exempted from being liablo to tbem. 
^~* I shall say the less of it here because I have ordered one of the 

clerks belonging to the House to draw out two copies, the first of the 
Bill as sent up from the Commons before it was mentliHl, the other m 
it shall pass both Fluuses with amendments. The Bill is sent to the 
Commons for their concurrence, though how they will relish the 
amendments is very uncertain. Tomorrow we expect the Bill back 
with their Worships answer. The House of Lords has been summotied 
every day sinoe this Bill came before them, and all members obliged tu 
attend. Liast night after four days deliato the Bill passed, after which 
some other debates arising, the Duke of Lee<ls told Lord Hali&z 
publickly in th^'. House tlmt his family was raised by rebellion bat his 
own suliered by it. Upon which at the rising ot the House a challenge 
was given, but being overheard, the Iluusi' have put a stop to Airtlwr 
mischief by coiifiiiing Lord Halifax to his own house under custody of 
the BUck Ro<l, and by obliging both him an^l Lord Carmarthen upon 
honour and under |)enulty of the utmost diispleusure of the Uonse not 
to admit or rea*ivc any message but what the House is to be acqaaiDted 
with. The Duke of Leeds is withdrawn, and not at present to b« 
found. Monday last the House sat till after i) at night, at which time 
the Duke of Devonsliin^ inviting niu I was oblig«Hl to sup with him, 
which kept me out till near 12. The next night 1 was forced to meet 
the Council at a tavern near the Herald Otliee wliere I treated and wu 
environed with no less than eight civilians and common lawyers, reckouinj; 
Mr. Dah*, and myself made up the ninth i>erson.** Is very weary with all 
this work and dissipation. 

L<jRii Coventry to . 

1702, December 17. London. — **As to my own private aSain 
I see no reason yet to .susp«K't tlie succe^s. There is another meeting 
this morning at Doctors Cummons of some of the Dek^gam, but 
none of tlie Lords being there, and my cough >ery bad I have excused 
myr^elf by Mr. Beckwith who was nent to the lo<lging in poet ha>te 
for me. tliough I was but newly returned from the Ilousse, where 
I fountl the Lords in conference* with the Commons on the amend* 
ments of the ( )eeasional Coiifurniity Bill. Tlti* Lords have this afU*r- 
noon gone through the most c(»nsidcrable ui:d are ^e^olv(^d to insist 
on thi'ir uinendii.eiits. Tlie re>t are to eonie on tomorrow iind all Lord* 
are .•summoned to attend. 1 fear this will cuu.-e the nie«»ting of the 
Delegate*^ to l>e lutt*, and m) the deterniina(it»ri ronMH|uently will DOC be 
ended till 1 or 2 next morn. I eonfess my>elf already weary with this 
tht)ught.'< of it, thon«;h I >hall with more satisfaetion undergo the toU 
since 1 have the proiiiis<-s of a great many Lord» that they will be pneeot 
at the hearing, aiid I nliall endeavour Htill to engage more. 

'* Ned (foodyvar lia« killed l^'au Fielding as tis reported, and made 
escape. The i|iiarrol U'gnn at I he IMayliou^^e in Drury Lane, 
same niijlit u Cuptaiii here in town did the like friendly otfice for 
Fu11wo<mU ho that there will be two Warwickshire l»eaiis the (CW 
The Captain is in NeW;^ate.'* 

T. to the Haul t»F Covkntky. 

1703, August 12. rhe (amp lMt\»rr Huy. — Has not been aUe ^ 
give an account id' thi^ ^ir^e becuu>c ho had Invn sent with a 
tached •M^uadron to in\e:»t the town. On Thumhiy the 6th of 


month we invested this Castle and fought with about 2000 detached MB8. of thb 
men of the enemy. On Tuesday l^t at 8 o'clock at night our ^aviobt. 
bombs began to play upon a fort called St. Joseph. On Wednesday — 

about 3 o'clock in the morning our bombs and cannons played so 
briskly upon it that they were forced to hang out the white flag 
in order to capitulate. The general agreed to their marching out 
of the fort into the castle, which I saw them do about 6 this morning. 
Oar batteries continued firing so vigorously upon the two other forts 
that they were obliged to capitulate upon the same terms and accordingly 
marched out this morning about 9 into the castle. We have nothing 
now to take but the castle. We are firing upon it from seven or eight 
batteries and it cannot hold out I believe above a day or two. 

W. Walsh to Lord 

1703-4, March 21. The Mews. — Supposes he h&s heard of the 
appointment of Mr. King to be Clarence Xing of Arms, but that the 
Lord Marshall refused him and intended to put in Mr. Vanbrook. Mr. 
King persuaded some other heralds to join with him in a petition 
against the Lord Marshall's power. It was heard in Council last 
Thursday and the question unanimously decided in favour of the Lord 

Lord Coventry to . 

1705 f October 30.—/' Last night I had the honour to kisse the Queen's 
hand, and was introduced thereto by my Lord Treasurer from recom- 
mendation of Lord Somers.'* 

Lord Clarendon to Ladt Anns Coventry. 

1714, September 11, N.S. The Hague. — ^Will communicate the 
Duchess's request to the King as soon as he comes to this place. 

Lord Clarendon to Lady 

1714, November 11. Arlington Street. — ^Desiring her "to invite the 
Duchess to his grand child's christening. Cannot wait upon her himself 
as he has been so unwell these twelve days, that he avoids travelling in 
a coach as much as possible. 

Lord John Somerset to Lady Anns Coventry. 

1717, July 2. — ^When the Earl of Oxford was discharged last 
ni^t about 10 at night ; '' there was a mighty appearance, and a loud 
shout on his acquittal. It was in suspense for several hours whether 
the Conmions would recede or proceed in the . • . the Lords had 

** About night it was carried by the Commons to adhere to their reso- 
lution and that they would not appear in Westminster Hall to give 
evidence against Lord Oxford ; but to show their resentment Sir W. 
Strickland and Lord W. Paulett moved to have an Act of Parliament to 
l»y penalties on the Lord of Oxford for his traitorous practices, and the 
^liole was adjourned till tomorrow, I look upon it to die, being willing 
^ part with Lord of Oxford unci leave a scar upon him. The Duke of 
^Iborough when he saw the House of Lords inteut upon discharging 
y^^ Oxford wept like a child. His Duchess and some others wore 
^<»^ to take him out of the House. We may sec the force of resent- 
^«nt, aad the infirmity of age. They have abundance of merry things 

U (0050. G 


lll|k Of Tu of my Lonl Oxford whilst ho wag kept soveral hours in Wesmionler 
£SJSSu liall.'' There was a impcr set up in the form of a riaj-houae I»per-- 
^— The Lord Oxford's Tryall comes on <&c., or a Farce between the Lords 

and Commons." 

Tho DuKK or Bkaukort to his Avsr — — 

1746, April 26. — Had not bcfn able to write oo account of the 
rejoicings at the good news from Scotland, llad escaped the fury of 
the mob bj doing as the neighbours did, but where lights were omitted 
all windows were broken, and in some houses it is said furniture was 

Bi*sides these letters there arc also in tho Muniment Room the 
following MS. volumes: — 

" Tho Felicities of Man." A volume of some 400 pages by Sir Richard 

*'The ConimenUries of the Lord Ulaze of Mouluc, Marahail of 
Franco " ; with a Preface, addressed to '' My sou Captain John Berke- 
ley," by K B. 

Three large and thick volumes. 

A Treatise oi the High Court of Star elmmber. 
A thick volume of alx>ut 500 pages. 

Lord PreiJdent Carber^-'s Book of CommissioiLs &c.y in the Principality 
of Wales and the Marches thereof, A.D. 1 662-167 !• 
Two volume.**. 

"Philip Comim'S his Neapolitan War, translated out of French 
into Latin by John Skyden, and out of Liitiu into Knglish oy Charles 

An Account of the Progress of Ilis Grace Henry, the Firit Duke of 
Beaufort through Wales in 1084. And Notitiu Cambro-BritanniciL 
Bj T. I)ii:eley. 

[This very interesting and valuable MS. was printed for private circo- 
latton in 1>^6}, and is now l)eing reproduced in facsimile.] 

A r«!uall volume of 8o elos^dy writti'n |)agcs, entitled ** A shori 
Account of my Voyage into France, Anno 167.'{,*' by the Marquis of 

Seven small Tolumea of a diary of a tour in Franco and Italy 
A.D. 1769-1774, by the Duchess Dowager of IWaufort. 

Two large volume- of copies of Docqucl.^ of Lands, Monev^ Woodsi 
and other Bevcnuef of the (!^rown, passed the Privy Seal beiwest 
November 5th, 16(<b, and Decembei 2otIi, 1701. 

A JoL'KNAi. of the llorsK Ok Commons from December 18, I61MI1 
to Janujiry H, 1(>81, kept by a Meml>er of it, apparently one of ikl 
family, or a friend, of the MAngtis i'V Woiu;itST£U, and for 
his UM.*. 

DlAin or i'AKLlAMI.Nt. 

[I6s<)"«. !>irimlK.T is.— Mr llvif. I.rinu'- a loiter «ent to THtgdsIr 
from on«» K«i1nti^ by tin* Kiii;:*> ilin-rtiiMi a«* 11 further rvidonce again^ 
William Piek«Tin;:. Thi' letter urd^-n-^l c<» Ih- nent to tin* Attonicy O e n t lrf - 


" T!ie King's Speech read. M88. ot frt 

Mr. Hampden : The reservacion in the s|x;och is the great difficulty. Beaufort. 
Wee have given his Majestie reasons in severall votes to remove this 
difficnltj, and moves that wee i-epeat those reasons to his Majestj ; 
proposes the Judges should have their salaries quam diu se bene 
gesserint. Lieutenants, and Deputy Lieutenants to be such as are true 
to the Protestant religion ; and so Justices of Peace, and to have well- 
aiTected men in the Navy. That we shall be ready to assist his 
Majestie in order to his alliances if we see them such as will preserve 
the Protestant religion. 

Lonl Russell : There never was a better Parliament, but fears the 
sncoess by reason of ill people about his Majestie. 

Concur rs with the gentleman that spoke before, especially in the first 
part of it of an Address to cut off the succession from the Duke. 

Sir William Jones believes the reservacion io proceed from such as 

would have a Popish successor, not for the King's sake but their own. 

INo man that was for the Bill but sees a greater necessity for an 

Address to remove that reservacion, without which nothing can bo 

^iven to make us safe, and if that were granted, unless we are put in a 

j30sture to defend it, it will signify nothing. To regulate the Judges 

9^iA Justices of Peace, whereof many were turned out and supply ed 

r'ith meaner men. And so Lords and Deputy Lieutenants, one men- 

r^med by a worthy member. Then the Navy is very necessary to be 

sifted on. More things he could recite but would not clogg 

e Address — ^which some would have — that all may be denyed. He 

talked all this while on one side. Is for giving a supply, but not 

ch as may make the Conrt live without Parliaments, nor such as may 

diverted to other uses. That forreigners should see we would 

ooarage the alliances, so we can see it such as would be for the 

ity of the Protestant religion, we would promise our assistance. 
Mr. Vernon seconds Sir William Jones, Sir Trevor Williams moves 
Ox* a committee to draw up this into an Address. 

^r. Harbord : Without the Bill, and a power to assert that Bill, all 

''^'^ll signify nothing. There are other Lord Lieutenants as fitt to be 

^^'^"Hioved as he that waa mentioned yesterday and to-day. Proposes 

if^^f ormation in the Justices and Judges, the Navy, &c. For the matter 

*^ the supply he would be tender. But what money is given should 

W imployed about Tangier, and the Navy. 

BIr. Garraway would not confine our request to what wo had named 

^^ore. Is not satisfied with any standing force in the kingdom 

^ntrary to law. Have you ever debated what is necessary. For 

*^«igier we cannot give money for its supply till we see what it 

^^ that id necessary, and what is the use of it. 

For the allyance we know not what it is, or how Spain can be a 
Wp to preserve the Protestant religion. Moves no promise should be 
JJMuie till we are assured of our religion, <fcc. 
The Bill a^inst Ludlow Court carried up to the Lords. 
Sir Eliab Harvey can give no money if this be all we shall have fof 
our money ; for yesterday's work, and that of the day before, are quite 
^ed aside. No mention of the Bill of Religion, nor that of Ast^ocia- 
cioD. He has been nick't often, and would not be nick't now. We 
J^vc had fair words but never any deeds. 

Sir Nicholas Cary would give no more money than the gentlemen 
that spoke before^ till oar Bills are all passe<l, and OL*r lives and liberties 
Meored. To aToyd a Commonwealth on one hand, and Popery ua the 
other, moves for a Committee to draw up the Address. 

Q 2 


MM-of TM Sir Williuin IVniplc : Our airmuK-n with Holland will sigoify nothing 
BiAoroBT.; without the Jillyiinoe with Spain, nor if Flau(l(?rs l>c lojt. Moves that 
— in the addre.x:} his Maje.stie may In* moved to make Huch allyaiice m 

shall pre8erve the Prot4'»tant n'li;:ion ahroiul, and the true interett of 
this Crown. C^ites the ittory of the Jew of Amsterdam who would 
never give anything in UU life, no not hi» hand when he fell into a 

Sir Francis Winnington : There is something in the speech tliAl 
corofortH his heart, and repeats the King*s speech, hut kuows not bow 
to carry himself a^ a good suhject, or a goo<l patriott« Nothing to be 
d(me without the liill of Kxclusion, and will not give a peunj till it be 
imsftni, and the Bill of Association is hut an execution upon a judg- 
ment, without that we cannot be safe in the other. The diflpbMong 
of Justices of Peace was no small matter. Is for money for Tangier 
and the Fleet when we are upon a good Protestant bottom, and we 
have our Lieutenants and Deputy Lieutenants reformed. Names the 
Marquis of Worcester as one titt to lie removed, having too gr eat a 
trust, ]'ropos(^s that u|)on the deliate it be referred to a Committee to 
set forth our humble and necessary desires to his Majesty upon the 
delate of the House. If our councel be rejected the world cannot 
leave it af our dorc. 

Mr. Levison (rore will have no money given till our Bills be passed 
and secured, and the disposition ascertained. 

Colonel Birch : We cannot be safe under a Popish successor^ nor 
can any promise of the Duke*s secure us, by the example of Qoeen 
Mary her promise. This will b<* a very goo<l or a very bad day. Is 
not for contining to particulars, or clogging with many. But it for 
au Address to show the King the necessity of our being first secured 
in our religion and property, and that then in a parliamentary way wv 
;rould give money. 

Mr. Biscowen : There is as much danger iu witholding money when 
there is <»ec»sion, as giving it when there is iioue. Our <langefB at 
home and abn^ul an* from the Popish successor. Everybody knows 
why the Justices of P(*ace were turned out and by whom, and so in the 
Navy. Granting the great Bill and the Association to have the Navy 
and Militia by that Bill put into our handn, we shall give his Majesty 

Sir Rol>ert Clayton is for both the Bills, for the n*gulations mentioned 
Ix'fore, and for th«* frequent meetings of Parliam<*ntd. 

Sir Koliert Markhani desires that a motion be made to hi» 
Majesty for the disposing the Lady Anne in marriagi* to a Prntorttnt 

Lord (*avfndish moves for a numerous Committee and certain days 

A Commit t«'e ordered to draw up an Address upon the debate of the 
Iloust*. S'ven to b<> a (juorum. Adjourned, Ac. 

Monday, 20th of DiKXsmher. 

I^'ave giv4>ii the C(»mmitu*<* to draw up the answer to his Majest/i 
HpM'ch during tht- sitting of the llousi*. 

Onlen-d to «*ngro!«!> the Bill against bringing in Scotch cattle. 

L«'ave given to bring in a Bill against Scotch |K*dlars. 

A Bill n*ad for preventing bringing any foreigu guns, ordered * 
aoroiiil rending. 

Tht* Bill f<»r tht* In'tter n-i^iiUting the trijd of the Peers brought dova 
liy Sir Joh (*harlton and Judgi* Wenton, wherciu the Lonls do Oil 
with the clitu««'s niarktil A and B. 


A Committee appointed to examine Sir Gilbert Gerrard's and Colonel Mss. of the 
Wbitlejrs aeeompts. Bbavfobt. 

Mr. Alnot discharged, paying his fees. """ 

Mr. Arnold moves to have Mr Thomas Herbert's petition read. Yet 
gives a character of him that before he should sit in this House lie 
would cut the other side of his throat. That he was Muster Master, 
Gaoler, Keeper of Bridewell, Treasurer of the week's tax, Captain of 
200 foot) an Abhorrer, &c, 

Mr. Fowl speaks for him. 

Mr. Arnold replies and tells what he had said concerning the plot, 
and other things. That he and his family are the instruments of the 
great Lord for the countenancing of Popery, &c. What sort of 
Protestants that Lord and they are shall shortly appear. 

Mr. Preby reports the Bristol eleccion. 

The House disagree with the Committee that Henley is not dnly 
elected. Sir Bobert Cann not dnly elected. 

Sir John Lloyd of Bristol to be sent for in custody, and so Jackson 
and Clntterbrook. 

Alderman Oliffe not to be sent for, carried by a vote after a 

Mr. Seymour's articles read, and ordered to be carryed to the Lords 
by Sir Gilbert Gerrard. 

Mr. Hambden reads the Address, that his Majesty is advised to a 

destractiye reservation concerning the Duke. That the King's life, the 

Protestant Beligion, &c are in eminent danger by a Popish successor, 

smd moves his Majesty to decline that reservation. That no Judges 

1)nt men of ability and integrity, and not to have their places for life. 

"Lintt Lords Lieutenants and Deputy Lieutenants, and Justices of 

3^eace, should be men of integrity too, and of interest in their 

^»)antries. Then to assist his Majesty in his alliance and for Tangier, 

id the Fleet. 

Tuesday, 2l8t of December. 

A new Address for Benjamin Harris. 

Colt movefl apainst a friar imployed as a searcher or surTeyor at 
CTrockan-Pill — ^his name Garew. Left to a Committee to examine. 
Mario election voyd. 

Mr. Hyde, that the King will be attended by 3 this afitemoon. 
Mr. Deering offers a petition of Mr. Leighton for being twice com- 
xnitted by the Council for the same fact, read and he owns the petition 
lit tbe Barr. It is referred to the Committee of Grievances, and ordered 
to sit on Thursday. 

The Bill for uniting Protestants read. If they subscribe the 
^9 Articles, except the 36, 37, 38, and 20th. If they have bin ordained 
^7 a Presbityry they shall be capable of preferment, &c. , not taking 
the oath against the Covenant no barr to them. No man to be obliged 
to take the oath of canonicall obedience. No man shall wear a surplice, 
nor use the sign of the Cross in Baptism. To give the Communion in 
^7 posture. No man obliged to take the oaths of Allegiance and 
Supremacy, or subscribe the Declai'ation. 
Mr. Biscoweu, Colonel Titus, Colonel Birch, for the Bill. 
Sir Thomas Mores is for what is established. When you let this 
loose you destroy the great bulwark against the Church of Rome. 

Mr. Barret : The artifice of Rome to divide us that they may make 
their conquest easy. Moves for a conference with all the Dissenters to 
raow which way Uiis unity may be made. 
Hr. Hampden moves and argues for the Bill. 


^n oP ' ^^^ Richard Lloyd, that thiH Bill becms to look one way, bot does look 
BxArroBT. another, and tliat he hopes thai nobody will easily, at one blow, part 
*** with 60 ancient and ^<o excellent a Liturgy, and speabi to the particulaiv, 

and ifi against the committing of the Bill. 

Sir Nicholas Cary for uniting, and parting with ceremonies, bat oerar 
will part with tlio Liturgy of thu Church, nor a reverend habit. 

Sir 11. Capell would not Hpeok agaiunt tho Act of Uniformitr, bat 
that looks one way and rows another. It was promoted by the IPopish 

The Lord Clifford for tho Declaration for Toleration. Thoagfa tho 
Bishops may havo bin asleep, the Commons have not. Woold not alter 
the Liturgy in substance but in discipline. 

Serj(*ant Maynard saw a gown turned into a cloak, that intOA caModc, 
then into a jump, thence into a nigg. Would not have* people at 
liberty to conio in what habit thoy pleased, nor to use what prayeni tbey 
please, and we had l>etter lose the Bill than our Liturgy. 

Mr. Finch for committing the Bill. 

Mr. Fowl is rather for unity than uniformity ; would reduce to what 
it was in Que<.'n Eli/oibcth. Tells how new Articles were introduced 
Hince. The Act of Uniformity strained higher since the King^sreatoni- 
lion than before, and wishes many exprcs^Hions altered or explained in 
the Litur<!y. If \(>u take away the (niiU of canonical obedience, and 
lay nothing in lieu thereof, idl order utid government will fall to pieces. 
Is for commit tii!g the Bill. 

Sir U. Temple : In Queen Elizabeth's time no stnctness of ccro* 
monies injoyne<l, would have an union of the Protestants. There was 
a wicket put to keep all Dissenters out of the Church. 

Sir Francis Wilmington would liavo tho Bill committed. Would have 
pluralities thought on, but would not clogg thu Bill. Tells a story of 
the KxcommunicAtion. 

Leave given to bring in a Bill to initpect pluralities, upon Sir 
Nichola> Cary's motion. 

A writt niul by Mr. Treby to the ShcritTe of London to execute the 
lite Ixjid Vl.<iconnt .Stafford upon tho 20lh of I>ecember. It cones 
short of what i^ expected beoauM* not from the House of Lords^ and the 
Shcriffes du.sire to b<* informed what to do. 

Sir William tIon<>s moves toadjonni this matter till Thursday morning, 
first business. Oniered. 

Sir Nicholas Cary seconds Mr. Vernon*s motion coucoming noa* 
rcsiditnts, referred to the same Committee. 

A warrant orddreil to be issued out for some witnesses against the 

Thur^^lay, 23rd of December. 

Mr. Shcriton> petition roftutod till his examination !« reported. 

fte<«olvod that the Houm> is contont that tht* Sheriffs of LondoQ do 
execute the late Lord Vi^-ount Stntfonl Uy wering his head from his 
bo<ly onelv. 

lleruani DrniiJ!* hn« l««ftve to print liin narrative. 

A Hill tnr the bftt*'r ii-;;ulntiii^ the o<illeetion of Ifi*nrih money read* 

Tliank^ t(» U* given l)r. Barnett for U'n* sermon and lK)ok, and beta 
print hi* sermon. 

.\ r»ill to bi> bt*«»u<!ht in to piiiii>.h :itli«-i^m, «lel»nurherv. Sabbath 
bifnkinir. tiinl *wi»ariiii;. 

Sir .^lil<'- fiHik and Sir .Inhn Kninklin from the T^nN tell as thlt 
they have a*^re<*il to th*.' .Vdditionsil Bill fur burying in woollen. 


Judge Weston and Sir Job Charlton that the Lords do intend to HB8.offfRB 
m\joum till Munday sevenight. Bia^ISt. 

The Speaker gives a list of 18 Papists in Chester^ but sajreg none — 

worth putting into the Bill of Banishment, 

The Bill for banishing Papists read. To be banished out of the 
King's dominions, and if they return to be prosecuted as felons. Ordered 
to be read tomorrow. 

Sir Richard Corbett reports the miscarria^ of Westminster Hall, 
particularly Sir William Scroggs and others discountenancing and dis- 
charging the Grand Jury before the end of the terra, with several 
other misdemeanours which were voted bv the Committee to be arbitrary 
and illegally partial! and favouring of Papists, and a breach of the liberty 
of the subject. The House voted that the discharging of the Orand 
Jury before the end of the term while they had Bills or Presentments 
upon their hands, was arbitrary, illegall, destructive to publick justice, a 
manifest violacion of their oath, and a means to subvert the fhndamentall 
law» of this kingdom, and to introduce Popery. 

Care's book— the weekly pacquet of advice from Rome^-supprest by 
the Court, and hee imprisoned and commanded not to write any more. 
The Rule of Court thereupon voted ill^^l, arbitrai-y, thereby usurping 
to themselves legislative power for the discouragement of the Protestants 
and inconragement of Popery. Extraordinary fines upon mean and 
irresponsible people and imprisoned for non-payment. Instanced Hur- 
rington and Ben. Harris and several others. Resolved that the Court 
of King's Bench in imposition of fines of late years, have acted partiidly 
and illegally. 

On Smith's case voted. 

The refusing baylo in cases where persons are bayleable by law is 
illegall and destmetive to the liberties of the people. 

Weston's expression in the charge at Kingston voted. That that 
expression was a scandal to the Reibnnation, and tending to the sub- 
version of the ancient constitutious of Parliament, and of the govern- 
ment of this kingdomc, and tending to raise discord between bis 
Majestic and his subjects. 

J. Scroggs warrants to Stephens to search for and seixe news bookes 
voted arbitrary and illegall. 

J. Scroggs disctfurse with Sir Robert Atkyns, and lessening Bedlow's 
evidencci reported and refered to the House. 

Mr. Arnold went with Bedlow to the Judges at Monmouth. J 
Scroggs tohl Bedlow ho was forsworn in Wakeman's tryall, and Lang- 
home's, and that he was not to be believed. 

Sir Robert Clayton reports from an argument between Scroggs and 
Atkyns about the right of petitioning. 

Mr. Randall moves that Scroggs may be impeached as a traytor for 
countenancing and bringing off a traytor. 

Resolved that Sir William Scropgs be impeached upon the report 
and resolves of the House, and Sir Thomas Jones. ^ 

Mr. Colt moved for impeaching Dolben. Sir Thomas Mores, Sir 
R)l)ert Clayton, Sir Christophei* Musgravo, Sir Patrick Ward, Sir 
Hicbard Corbett, Sir William Poulteny, Sir Gilbert Gerrard, spoke for 
Judge Dolben. 

Sir Miles Cook and Sir John Franklyn bring the answer to Mr. 
^Ttnor's impeachment. 

Baron Weston to be impeached as before, and referred to the Com« 
mittee that draws up the impeachment against Chief Justice North. 



MM.orTirE Mr. HijVK)wou movos that Josoph Brown should be reBtorsdto hii 
'*"•"' placo. 

Mr. Treby soconcis it, and says he !• undone for ondeaTOurtng to 
bring this Hou8e together. 

The House declared Uis fit he should be restored to all the placet he 
loit by the information. 

Friday, the 24th December. 

Mr. Colt moves to brin^;: in a Bill to repeal the clause in the Act fer 
regulating Corporations which imposes the renouncing the Coveiuuit. 

Sir Trevor Williams seconds it. 

Sir Thomas Pleyer moves to repeal the clause that iDJoyns the 
swearing not to take up arms against the King or any commissionated 
by him. 

Sir Thomas Lee moves to repeal the whole Act. Seconded bj Mr. 

The Act read and the repeal prest by Mr. Reynell, Mr. Harbocd, Sir 
William Waller. 

Onlered that a Bill be brought in to repeal the Act for regnkiiag 

Sir Richard Corbett reports the election for Bury. Mr. Jermin, Sir 
Thomas Harvey, voted duly elected. 

Mr. Treby reports Barnstaple election. Mr. Adand not duly elaetad« 
Sir Richard Leo duly elected. 

The Mayor of Barnstaple to be sent for in custody. 

Mr. Treby re|K)rts Marll)orough election. liord BrucCf Mr. Bannet, 
duly elect e<l. 

Mr. Thomson's report n'ad. 

Mr. Vernon moves to have him ride from the Tower to Wartininster 
with his face to the horse's tayl. Secoodeil by Sir John DarrelL Soma 
would have him impeached, others banisht. 

Sir Francis Winnington taxes him with (apiesing ?) the King, asMTtiBg 
Popery and arbitrary power. Would have him — after some voles pMMa 
upon him— -impeacht. 

Serjeant Maynard for impeaching. 

Resolved that he hath publiquely defamed bis MajestTt prwiliht 
sedition, vilifyed the Reformation, promoted Popery by asserting Popish 
principles, decrying the Popish plot, and turning it upon the Frolea- 
tants, endfuvouretl to subvert the lilMTty and property of the solgtcU 
and riglits (if tin* ])eopl(', and that he U a n*proach and scandall to his 

An inii>euchment (»nlercd against him on the vote. 

Sir John Morton offers a petition a;;ainst Sir John Davys bot rejaded 
becausi' nK)ved after 12 ()Vlo<*k. 

Th<» Bill of Toleration read a s4*coii<l timt* and committed. 

Siinison Stewanl to the Lonl Tyrone. 

That Sir John DavifS was an advocate for the Lord T»ma>% aad 
diH<*our>t the MH;rsts of the C*ouneilI. Tliat upon the naming of Ih* 
Duke of York he fell into a hectoring passion that he thought be wM 
have kiek<il him down fitayr«*!!i. That th«* Lonl (Miiin<'ellor bid him not 
naiiu^ th<' Duke tif York for his life. When \w was examined he must 
nuiiK* nohcNly hiit whom hi* askt him, hut that hi* was then hectored 
agaiii^t liv Sir .John Davies. 

When all th*' I'xnnnnntionH wviv reail he was perpetually ali^iif^d 
putt off liy Judge Keating and Sir John Davies, when he read the 
amiiiations there wss Imt one nnd that innnateriall of all the e 

tions which had bin deposed. He told the Lord Lieutenant, Lord 1IS8.ovtss 
Chanoellor, Judge Keating, and others, where the letters were, and he BSZcnfoaT, 
was content to lye in prison if it were not so. — 

Mr. Speaker: How long is it since you fell out with Sir John 
Davies ? 

November 79 ; Sir John Hectorer I called him. When he came to 
the pursuivants the pursuivant sayd that Sir John should say that he 
hoped to see them hanged. Murphy and the rest to be referred to the 
Committee for the Popish plott with an addition to the Committee. 

The Bill for Banishing Papists, read. 

Thursday, December 30th. 

Mr. Sheriton having applyed himself to Serjeant Eaymond for a 
Habeoi Corpusy the Serjeant desires the opinion of this House. 

The debate adjourned till tomorrow. 

William Townsend's petition against the Consistory Court of the 
Archdeaconry of Huntingdon, for being imprisoned for a clandestine 
marriage, referred to the Committee for regulating the abuses of Ec- 
cleaiaatical Courts. 

A Bill reported by Sir George Downing for promoting of woollen 

Adjourned till this day fortnight. 

The Committee of Trade to sit on Saturday sevenight. 

The Committee to prepare evidence against the four Popish Lords in 
the Tower, and report their opinion therein, to be further ordered by 
the House in order to their further proceeding therein. 

Moved that application be made to the King that the information of 
Serjeant and others relating to the Popish plot may be communicated 
to this House, with all letters relating to the Popish plot, and ordered. 

Sir Francis Winnington moves that the papers in Baron Gregory's 
custody concerning the Pentioners might be called for, and their crimes 
might be lookt into, and all that have great places which are as bad as 
Pentionera. He hears that several people are promised great places to 
■ell their country. 

Moves that no man may accept of any place during the sitting of the 
Parliament without the leave of the House. 

Moves to punish the old and prevent the new Pentioners. 

Mr. Harbord moves the same. 

Sir N. Cary the same. 

Colonel Titus clears himself from the aspersion of having bin att the 
Duchess of Portsmouth's- lodging, and concludes with the same. 

Coll : Birch ownes to have a place, but had it from the secluded 
members. Moves to have the papers of the Pentioners brought in, and 
moves that aU that have places may be secluded. 

Ordered that the writings, papers, &c. that concern the Pentioners 
be sent for. 

Ordered that no member of this House shall accept of any place or 
office of profitt from the Crown without the leave of this House during 
his being a member of this House, all offenders herein to be expelled 
this House. 

Friday, 31st December. 

The Gunsmiths' Bill thrown out. 

Leave given to bring in a Bill for regulating of Casks and Measures. 
Leave given to bring in a Bill of Genenill Naturalization of Pro- 


^r^noF* ^ ^^^^ ^^^*^ ^^^ regulating of flncB upon MisJomoAiiorM. 
BKArvoBT. S(*rjount Maynord calls it. An Act of Indoninity for the TillMiiet in 

""" the worltl. IIoweviT committed. 

Jud^re Kaymond lmvin<; dciiyed Mr. Shoriton a HabtaM G>rpui^ Sir 
Thomas Striii^^cr movos for a Dedarntion of tho House that • Jitibmu 
Corpus \A not grnntablo in this case. 

Sir WillJHm Joues arguo8 tho caae and says that cue that b cooh 
mitted for Drench of Privi lodge w m upon an IlxecutioUy therefbra not 
Imylable by the Act of 31 Car: seciuid: 

Sir Fnln(•i^4 Winnin;^on nays ho itt a pridoner for Breach of Priri- 
ledge u|)on an lion<)nnd)lc member of this House. 

Till* debate is lett fall as that a vote is not nec(*6t<ary in this case. 

Monday, 3rd January. 

A Dill for the naturali/.ing several ])erf0us read third tiiM and 

A Hill against Scotch cattle rca<l and past. 

A Hill to repc^nl an Act for regulating Corporationa ordored leeond 
reading ThurMlay noxt. 

A iiill read for th*^ discovery of estates ^liich belong to Popidi 
Priests, or Coiivmts, for sniicrslitious ufps, and vrsting Uien in tbf 
King: a moiety to tht* King, tho ether moiety to tho diBCorerefp oidereil 
a second rending next Fri<lay. 

Philip Jell duely elected for Steyning in Sussex. 

A Iiill brought from the Lords to distinguish Protei>itant DifMDlert 
from Papists. 

Sir K<lwanl Harley reports the Bill for regulating Elections. 

A Message from the Lords to putt us in mind of the Bill for rtgo* 
lating the trynll of Peers. 

Mr. Arnold says he Morves for a burrough that's governed bj mf^ 
•rbitrnry I^>rd who pricks Mayors as the King pricks Sheriffeis and give* 
them nn oath to bo for him, ami moves for longer time than ono davfcK 
the notice of an election in btirroughs. 

A mossngf* from tho Lonls to give notice that Mr* Seymour b^i^ 
petitioned for a short day to fx' heard, and that thure was no replicyio** 
fn»m the Hou^o nf CoininonH. 

Mr. Seymour answer read, and a Comroitteo appoynted to prepare tt*^ 
replinition and to mnnsge the evidence. 

Sir Kiehnrd Corbctt reports the inii>enohuu'nt agninsl Lonl Chi^'^ 
JuMico Scroggs. 

Ordered that tho House t)0 mllcd tomorrow. 

Tuesday, 4th January. 

Sir William Prnke's election to bo heard on Wednes4laj« ISlk €>f 

Sir William Temple bring-* in bis Majeniie's answor to the Address. "? 

rinirsdav. '>th of Jnnnnrv. 

The Hill for regulntin'^ the eulli-etinn of Hearth money read seeoo^ 
tinii' and riiiiiiiiitt«'d. 

Tie- Hill fnr repeaiiii;.' the .Vet tnr well ngulatiii!: t*(ir|ioratiotis rT««^ 
a -cf iiml linif ;iiii! i-(immitt*i). 

(oImimI liirrh iiport- :ii:«I ti^'inswith I >ntke's petition, which wm^ 
rem!, with the *.\onian*4 i« -linifiny. 'i ben witi' read the Order of ibc* 
Couiieill which were (iwni-«l by Sir John l)avie*«. Hut he dcnjes hi* 
obitirueting Ur.ike\ :iddre^^iiiL' biui*^lf to the Council!, and that ikt 


woman desired an order to send for witnessesi which is snbmittf^ to MS8.ovthi 

the wisdom of the House. Bb^uvobt. 

Then the testimony of the prisoners of Dundslk fi^s it was at the — 

As to the whole matter Sir John Davies denyes most of it, and as to 

the rest he r^errs himself to the Bishop of Meath, who was joined 

with him Jn all the examinations before mentioned. 

Sir Robert Clayton moves to have this debated before the next report 

of the Flott be prooeeded on. 
Sir Francis Winnington moves to proceed upon the other report ) 

which Is agreed to. 
One witness examined. The rest are depositions from Dublin, 

The deponents not yet come over, John Macnemarra. Bradley gave 

him an oath of secresie that the Earl of Tyrone had received a commis* 

non from the Frencb King to be Colonel of horse, and Bradley was to 

be his Lieutenant Colonel. The Earl of Tyrone shewed the deponent 

a list of severall persons in Munster to joyn with him, and that there 

wore few counties in Ireland wherein there were not severall persons 

engaged. The French King was to land in Connaght and to sieze on 

LTmerick. The Earl sayd he would destroy an unjust King, and 

Ormond with his children, who had bin friend to Villiers against him. 

Qa: M : . • ely with the Earl did instruct the deponent what to swear 

against Villiers and NicolLs. That the Duke of York gives consent to all 

that they BbaXl do by the assistance of the Earl of Anglesey. The Earl 

of Tjrone shewed a letter from the Earl of Anglesey that he ha<l made 

vo manj friends in England and Ireland, and particularly the Duke, that 

he should not fear what could be done to him. The other depositions 

read which tended to the same effect, adding that they were resolved to 

throw off the English yoke since the King had broken promise with 

them made at Breda to restore them to their religion and estates, and 

»7d that the King of France liad promised them 10,000 men and 20,000 

vines. FitzGircUd mett Capt. Tho. and Lord Brittas and many more 

▼here he heard them agree to raise men in Munster by Brittan Jjacy, 

^for that the French King was to send 20,000 men and 20,000 

VQies with artillery and amrouuicion proportonable, confirmes the former 

taitinumies with a design of a massacre. That the Earl of Tyrone was 

to be a generall officer, and so was Colonel Fitzpatrick. 

Sir William Jones : This out of Ireland confirms Oates his testimony 
<>f the whole Plott, and confirms the testimony of the witnesses against 
the Lord Stafford. A Privy Councillor again accused yet still he aitts. 
Tbej had encouragement fVom the Duke of York. It is impossible to 
he secured in our I'eligion in this King's time while there is a prospect 
of a Popish successor. Moves for an immediate impeachment against 
the Earl of Tyrone. Moves some consideration of the Earl of Anglesey, 
«Dce there are two that have positively sworn against him. Two 
witnesses who have spoken him to have known the Popish Plott. 

Sir H. Capell reflects upon the King's Council!, and moves to 
consider of the Earl of Anglesey for that he was fully consenting. 

Serjeant Maynard compares the present design in Ireland with the 
beginning of the rebellion there in 41. We arc infatuated. God bath 
discovered it, and wo hide our eyes from it. Seconds the former 
motions for returning an answer to the Lords' message. 

3fr. Hampden is glad to hear the Lords are satisfyed that there is a 
Plott. He hopes the clergy are satisfyed too because the prelates in 
thftt House are. That Talbott was in Cheshire in 1638, and in four 
dares sent Coleman an answer to a letter of his. Desires the 


Xj^oTTHB addition concoriiing the Duko of York to our concurrenco with thi 
Bi AC POST. uicRruijTo from tho Lords. 

— Sir Franoid Wilmington : We are in a deplorable condition, and the 

name of Popery in turned into a ridicule. Reflects upon the Lord 
C'lifTonl. Notwithstanding all the Ministers of State antl the brov* 
lienting of witnesses God will send doliveranee. If the Frenofa Kinf 
take FiaudcrM or Irelanci the KingV compliance will be too Ute. 

Moveft for tho atldition. 

Sir Thomas Ijce moires to agree with the Lords in their dedin- 
tion, and to wld that nothing but an excluding the Duke can preMnre 

It is agreed with tho addition of tho tormer vote of the Dnkeiiad 
that it is the encouragement to the IMott in Ireland as well as in 

Colonel Birch moves it may Ik* delivered to the Lordi in i 
conference, and desi^^s that th(* managers may have power to gifs 

•Sir John Trevor op|)oses it till th<* Lords have considered wbelbrr 
they will agnK) to our addititm or not. 

Sir Thomas I»e and Mr. Hampden say it is parliamentary to gire 
reasons for what we have done which must entered upon the Lwds* 
books, and cites a precedent for it delivcix^d by the Lord Chief JoAici^ 

Sir John Trevor sayos it li&s bin the praefico these 16 yeares to it*7 
till they agree to it, U^fore any reason given at a conference. 

Sir Thomas Mores of the sjiiiie opinion with Let* and Hampden* So 
is Mr. Bi SCO won. 

Carryed in the afllinnative. 

Sir William Jones moves for an impeachniont against the Earl ^ 
Tyrono a^ a commoner in England. 

Debated pro and con and carryed in the atfirmntivc, and •& 
impeachment to be carryed. 

Mr. Hampden and Sir Thomas Lee move that the Earl of TjtOB» 
may be imprii^oned by tho Lords and removed out of the O*^ 

Sir Thomas Player moves for a consideration of the great EagU^ 
Lor^l that had so many 100 masses sayd for him. 

Mr. HarlM)rd moves for an impeachment against him. 

Sir Willium Jonc;* to defer it till Saturday next. Seconded by Sir 
John Tivvor and Sir Francis Winnington too. 

This dfbatc n|)on the \vhoh» n'p<»rt — till Saturday next. 

Sir Thoi:m*« IMnyer moves fi>r nn address to tho King to hanf? 
condemned prif*!*; in Newgate ami other pluro. 

Fridav« Tth Junuarv. 

• • 

The inii»eafhiuent Jlgllin^t Sir Wiliinm Scroggs rea«l. 

A Iiiil ivad t(» prevent vex;Uiou.>< mi it.- n]H»n actions of tllipsif 
OrdiTod a N-eoiid n-ading. 

A Hill nad that im (^oininon brewer 1h' a Just lee of Peace. Onkf*' 
a second reading. 

A Hill n;:uinst Sinion\. Hnt that the Simony of one fiersoa abaO 
niit prrjuiii«*e tli«' right <»t' another. Ordered a .second n.*iuling. 

A Hill Itir iliM-(»v<*ry and M-i/ing the i-state.s given to su|icrslitioV 
n>e^, reatl a MMmntl time x\\\*\ e(immit[i-il upon the debate. All menbcf* 
to ha\«* voyres. 

Sir Thoina-* MorcH againM one John Faiieourt, that he should say«be 
had a knile in hi^ ]KK*kett he ho|ied should cutt the throat of soiM 


persons. That the King could not be quiet till part of London were MSS. ov tab 
burnty and that the Plott would prove a Pi-ebjterian plott. Bsautoi^. 

Referred to a Committee to examine. — 

Mr. Sheriton*8 Habeas Corpus declared by the Speaker. 
Mr. Biscowen moves that the Serjeant should give notice that he is 
committed by the House of Commons. 

Sir Thomas Clarges sayes that he is committed by the House, as an 
execution which is excluded in the Act, and moves he may be brought 
to Baron Weston, with the cause of his commitment. 
Seconded by Sir Trevor Williams. 

Sir Francis Winnington moves this debate be adjourned till tomorrow, 
the first thing. 
The King's message read. 

Mr. Bootn does not doubt his Majestie's goodness, if hee depended on 
his own judgment. Knows not why we should reti*act our thoughts 
from that Bill till another be proposed. That severall Lords are there 
rather by interest than meritt, and knows not why his Majesty should 
be any more confirmed by the House then I should bee for a servant's 
doing what I bid him. That it is for the sake of one who hath aspired 
to the Crown, relieved those that fired London, which he hopes London 
will never forgett. Arbitrary power and Popery have bin so carryed 
on as if the King himself had bin a party to it, if it were possible to be 
so. Oates and Bedlow now not so much thought as evidence as to 
think Lord Stafford duly executed. Proposes that the evill councillors 
be removed. That no money be given till our religion and liberties be 
secsred. That no money be levyed by anticipation of loan. That the 
Bill be passed without which no safety. 

Lord Russell : It is a good Parliament but wee are unhappy in the 
King's being carryed away by evill councill — ^who are known — ^and would 
l^ve them branded and the Bill revived. 

Mr. Montague : We have sent as many good and modest addresses 
^ sny Parliament ever did, but never had any kind answer. The 
I^tt is not at the Tower but at Whitehall. Is of opinion that Tangier 
^ in danger, and so is Flanders. But he cares not who hath them if 
Ae Pope have England. 

Sir Robert Markham hath heard that the Duke was willing the Bill 
ahoold pass, if so desires the members of the Privy Councill would lett 
^ know it. Then our debate would be short. 

Sir H. Capell recites what the former members had said. All men 
^t he hath conversed with, agree that we can be safe ii^ nothing 
^^ithout the Excluding Bill. 

The Lords have proceeded to Mr. Seymour's business, which is of 
less moment then the great Bill. All our mischief proceeds from 
iQOQsters who would sett up a Popish King over Protestant subjects. 
And if they see the stream go that way would ride post along with it. 
This government must be at a stand or come to blood. Exclaimes 
ipinst the luxury of the Court and men raised from small beginnings. 
Hthe Bill do not passe, the body will get a new head, or the head will 
g^ a new body from France and Popery. Proposes thac we acquaint 
bisMajestie that without the Bill nothing can be done, and if we cannot 
bave that, to adjourn. Is not ready with an expedient, nor is there any 
eocouragement when 'tis said nothing but the Bill will signify any- 
thing. His opinion is well enough known, and will never be ashamed 
to oim it. 'Tis an odd way of procoediog when the House of Lords 
ittve rejected it and the King shews his dislike, yet the Commons must 
luive it, which would alter the constitution of the government. Moves 


^Si'i?©"* '**** **-^P<*''"'"t**' Nol to nio<ldle with Tjin^ior, rither as n lame legg or 
BjuvfOBT. itrtii, :&s it wa> torniod before. 

yU\ (i<»n* : li" the Lordn were loft to thomsolvcs, nml tlio Kin;? were 
not too kind to hi> brother, the Hill nu^rht pnsH. Thiit fomMgii pco|>lp 
liRve fn*er neees5 nt Court tht»n English men. All vices a» well a* 
opinion-^ cla'risht ux (*(»urt as ^\4'll ii*< diffused from the Court. More> 
for the Bill. 

Sir KolHTt Mnrklmm move.s tlmt e\|M»dic!its may be proiXMcd, MO 
that the Prince (vf ( )rnnjro mav be thon^rht of for the .succession, 

Mr. llampilcn : Ot' opinion that no other means con be found out. 
The lM»f«t «'X|H-<lient»« would ask time to consider them. Recites all ihf 
sumins ;viven by Parliaments. Cim we think to have our Iuwh bettfr 
exceutiNl under a Po))i>li Prince, when wc have them so ill under a 
IVotestant Prince. \Ve not only have had a Plott, but wc have n PloU. 

Lord CuvendWi : We cannot U» nate without the Rill, nor with that 
without wc have mon*. It i:a misfortune the King stieki* at that which 
must inevitably b'> our ruiiuv Would not adjourn in case the Bill Iw 
denyi'd. We hav«' eonsidcn'<l the ill eonse([Ucne<*s of the Dnkf*s 
■ povirnment nftcr the Kind's death. But ought we not to consider of 
his government during the Kin;:*?* life, Thnt tho Duke being a Pipirt 
is inenp.iblc of 'iovcrninir, and in ease of the refusull (»f tht» Bill thai 
Wc nii^ht Im» I'p'cd from our a)le;;ianee, and if all the people l>e of onf 
mind wi* >hrdl not iicc<l an indrinnitv. 

Mr. Mostvn moves for an as^^oeiation. 

Sir William tloncs : There can l)e no rivalls in crowns. If the Art 
|^f)e^ not pass tt» exclude the Duke, un Act of Association would b< 
treaMin when the Duke cduic** to be Kin^r. Banishment cannot l^' 
prai-ticabie. The Bill of Kxclu«ion !•* the only Tountlation of all llie go^*^ 
lawe-* thnt can l)e made for our fiifc'ty. All <'ls will 1h» inefftrctuall. -* 
\ote which was mo\ed i)y ]^>rd Cnvcndi^h would bring us under M'* 
Hyd*'*s ohjeecion. That tho Kinjr may live as Ion;; as the Duke is no 
answer to our importunity, for the hope of the succe*'sion pnimotc* 
Popi-ry every dny. Wim»lers- any tlmt preten«l to loyrdty can preferr ■ 
single man'** profit befon* the Kinff'- life, nnd the pM)d and '•afety of lb«* 
kin;;itoiiie WmiM declare that till this be d(.ne all will U* ineflectuvi 
for n^ to ndv upon, and ih>^ire« ^ncli n declaration. 

Sir Frmci" Winnin;:ton would not have it !hou;!ht a new thin*; «" 
Piiiiianieiits. In nadii.;: his MnjcstieN spc<'cli to this lloujie ii ^ 
opinion that ilie Kin;; i« borne away by a jn oph' that design our mine* 
iinw came the Kin;; to know tlic of bonis rejei't^Nl the Bill' 
Ills roiiiin;; ti» iii«' llfu&e (»f LonU the advice of the l^ml CliffarJ* 
Alli*i'«'d by .\r«*libi*4hop (Vannier that an Act was not fairly gottru 
iM'f'ause of the Kiii;;*s brin;; pre.-eiit to imp<trtune the |>assing of it* 
Knffen'd in thi- BolN in Ib-nry IV. time that it was unpnrlianieoUfT 
that the Kill*; r<hoiJd nppear in tlie IIoum* nf Lords, where mmie faw 
ofHc'es, •.onii- little i"»tates, ami soini- litil*- conscience**. Tlic Kin^ wr^ 
ir i*< his opinion iiiit hi« ri-Miliiiinii from which he may rece<lr. If tbM 
IVirlinmi'iit 'jo awiiv NMnre that thin;; If ilni'i-. the Kiii"V life rnntiot lif 
>afe. Beci:e* Kiiii; flnni'-^ hi*^ »-f>«iM'h at hi* cfiniiti;; to the Crown, who 
liifh' thoni:ht anv •.! hi- pi».«»ierity w^tiM have !M'tra\ed his relipon. 

Kccilc* the |:i«r Kili^''** ei'iiiin.'ii'iU ta h!* chijilieii to !•«• tlllC t«» thf 

Prote^taii'i ie!fu'i«'ii. w|.:i'!i i«» >»» intcrw <i'.rii with the intcreat of the 

nation thai • ■»• i:ii>iii<t Im .*>a|r x%iih«iiit the fthir. If hf cuuM !;ive anv 

^•-cMiifv lliiit an\ t.'it'unM'l ii.mii iiiti \:\\> w if limit th* Bill he wouhl wa^C 

it lint 11* ii- ijiii' «\|H ilunt- i.t liiiui-litneutH cnniior «cr%e th«» lnrn« 

Aii-wt-i ■ Ml. llvilr l.e<':iti-i- he hr\th «:'\«!» -i. manv a*>M'nions iif his 


pinion of the Bill with giving so little reason for it. All things were M88. oi tbx 
roll in Queen Elizabeth's time bccfiuse she had good ministers and BBAuron. 
tiere was then an Act of Exclusion. When the King sees 400 or 500 "— 

entlemen who serve for thei.r countrejrs adhere to the Bill, and are so 
Balous for his life and the Protestant religion, he may alter his opinion 
rorogtie the Parliament and give ns our Bill. A part of the Corona- 
ion oath to make good and comfortable laws for his people. It would 
omfort his heart were he here to see so many noblemen's sons begin this 
ehate ; and he concludes as with the rest. 

Mr. Foley : The King proposed expedients the last Parliament but 
Sers none now. J£ the King were not byassed he is confident the 
ling would be convinced. Proposes it may be moved that we may 
ebftle this matter to the Lords. 

Mr. Finch : The question is whether this be the onely expedient. 
Whether the expelling ill men out of office might have bin one means, 
nd whether because we cannot do all we will do nothing. Will not 
or conntreys look sadly upon us. Why will gentlemen expect expe- 
ienta when they say none will serve. In the reign of Queen Eliza- 
eth we were under such circumstances as now. She did by the cutting 
►ff of Qaeen Mary of Scotland her head secure the Protestant religion 
rom Popish designs. Moves — in answer to Sir Francis Winnington 
onceming the good councellours of Queen Elizabeth — ^that couucellours 
)e settled by Act of Parliament for the Popish successors. That a 
bird of the Papists estates be given to their Pi'otestant next of kin. 
WTiether we are not in a better probability of getting the Act of 
Exclusion when this is done then now. Moves not to spend time 
in the former but to proceed upon these. 

Colonel Birch can find no means of saving this poor King. The 

hand of Grod is upon us. We are drawing on to Popery. We have 

the Bible neglected and sacraments. Between 1630 and 1640 you 

night have had hearing, singing of Psalms, and repetition in the streets. 

That's all lost. If such a councill were establisht as this House would 

BUM he would be soon satisfye«l. But unless the King come over to us 

^ oao do nothing. The Bill will not serve his turn without changing 

the interest. Queen Mary promised fairly to the Suffolk men, but when 

^Hrdiner and Bonner came, they changed all. Is not affi:Byd of the 

^tpists, but debaucht Protestants who are iu all offices and commands. 

Be WIS with the King at Worcester, where the King told him his mind 

^Uch then was sound and good, therefore he believes the change not 

liis own. Tells a story of Gundamor and his advice to King James of 

^inngiDg his subjects to necessity. Tho' this Bill alone would do little 

8^, he would venture some money upon it. Moves for an Address 

^bis Majesty to pass that Bill. 

Mr. Vernon is sorry any expedient should be proposed. Is against 
^eooference with the Lords as unparliamentary. Nor naming of a 
O^naeil by Act of Parliament, but proposes a question for the Bill. The 
Kng is against the Bill because the Lords are, and the Lords are against 
because the King is so. 

Sir William Ponltney : The nameing of Councellours by Act of Par- 
litment would bring us into an aristocracy. Banishment is but pruning 
the tree, and not cutting it down. Would never give over insisting upon 
the Bill, for a Popish head upon a Protestant body is a monster. 

Sir Edward Deering gave his vote for the Bill of exclusion. The 
Kiog fortifies his opinion upon the Lords. Moves for an address for a 
i-oriereoce with the Lords. 

Sir G^eorge Hungerford is for something fuither for our security, and 
iroald have the [ureecrvation of Flanders part of the vote. Desires the 


MHaorTHi Kiii^ may Ix' told part of our Saviour'« Sermon in the Mount; that if 
BiArFORT. tliy hand, foot, or eye, ofTcnd thcc^ it miglil be cutt off rather then ih^ 
— whole Inxiy jjcri^ih. 

Mr. Stfcrctary JenkynH gives the example of the Duke of Hanovfr, * 
Popish head ovit a Protostniit people, would proceed to cucpedienta c^o 
pi^'scrve the Protestant religion, and to trubt to Providence rather th&Ai 
do an unjust act. 

Colonel Titu« (pieiitions what in an unlawfull act when establisht t>3 
King, Lortlii, and Couinions. Does not wondei* at the King*a opinion 1 m 
this matter when he considers by wliat councill the King hath hi « 
governed for many yeares. You shall have the Protestant religion, j^« 
shall have what you will to proti*ct you, but yo«i muat have a Popi^kii 
King who shall command your armies and navies, make your BiahosM 
and Judges. Supjiose there were a lyon in the lobby, one cryea ahiact 
the dore and keep him out. No, says another o|)en the dore and lei «3i 
chain him when he comes in. A wise King makes a wise CouneiU, bafc. * 
Popish King makes a Popish Councill. Moves for the Question. Thesis 
is no security or safety for the Protestant religion, the King's life» ai^Ml 
the well-tronstituted government of this kingdome without a Bill Co 
exclude the Duke of York &c., and to rely u|)on any other mcanaa <)r 
remtnlies is nut oncly insufficient but dangerous. 

Sir Francis W. moves and Sir John Hotham seconds, that Kftis 
Majestic having exprest in his message he will grant all thinga b»«t 
this, it may be voted that untill the Bill be past, to give any mmm^ 
would be dangerous to his jMirsou, and u breach of the trust repoaed in 

Sir William Jones expects from the King's speech that he nhorm^ 
grant all if he grant this. 

Colonel Birch doubts this addition will make us misse our ends in 

Mr. Booth : *Tis the want of money tliat has saved our throats 
cutting. 1 have bin told tliat money is like gunpowder whkh ^^'^^ 
blow up all our lawes. 

Sir Christopher Musgrave : Against the additional! vote, and 
not believe it to Is* u)>on the detmte^ at all, and nothing to our 

Sir John Hotham say«^, it was i>art of the debate and couMa ^ 

Sir ItoU^rt Howard, tho^e that scruple the excluding the Duke wvas^J 
not scruple at !h«* excluding this King, and moves for the a dditk f— ^ ^ 
clauMf. So does Sir William Hickman. 

Mr. Biscowen argues the lawfullness of tlie exclusion. For if a IP^ 
cannot )x* a Ju.'^tice of Peac<; who is a Papist, he that influenees tho*^ 
ought not to <;overn. 

The adtlitionall votf {lAiiiMHl. 

Sir Henry Ca|N*ll moves for the remo\all of evill counciUoufa, |^* 
ticuhirly a;!ain<*t the I^>nl Hallifax. b«'cause that upon commoD fine ^ 
hath ativitetl the King to this niesNip*. Moves for an address to rSBiC^ 

i.ord Castlelon i'^ a;:ainbt doin>: it upon common fame. 

Lord Kussrll iiiov«"« Mr. Hyde may In* removed. 

Sir Jttliii Hi>th:im would not •:o of!* the tirM till some reMlutkNi *^ 
thr nmtttT. Is !*nti-t'\ed with the pM>1)abiliiy and MTonds the 

Sir William Hieknian moves to hear the wor«U rea4l. 

('<»loneI Bireh have?', thi> answer wa> a cuming an>wer, yet we 
now ;:t»iii;; to pa>.H a «otf t(» puni>li tlm^' that a«lvisetl to it. 

Vot<-(l. That all |M'rM>n.s that aflvi^ed the King to this mc^flsage agaii 
the exelutling the Duke are promott-rs «if Po|icry and cncnucs to t 


King and kingdome. Lord Hallifax named guilty of this, and 'tis moved ^'^^^ 
htX he may be voted so. Biavvobt* 

Sir William Hickman, Mr. Finch, Sir Christopher Musgrave, Sir "^ 

riiomas Mores opposed it because there is no proof of it. 
Mr. Harbord argues the probability. 

Colonel Titus sayes that some fish have bin taken with worms, some 
with flyes, and this Earl hath had an Earldome, and he will not believe 
the Lord had bin made an Earl had he bin what Sir Thomas Mores 
spoke him, viz. a true Protestant. 

Sir Thomas Thynne sayes the Earl was 120 miles off when the last 
Parliament was dissolved, and sees no proof of this, therefore cannot 
consent to it. 

My Lord Cavendish is not for common fame. Is the Lord Halli&x 
the onely man. liloves that ill councillours may be removed, but to do 
it in a more parliamentary way, and cannot agree that G^rge Earl 
of Hallifax hath given the King councill in his last message, and 
thereby is <&c. 
Past into a vote agamst the Lord Hallifax that &c. 
Sir Fraucis Drake and Sir William Cooper move against Mr. Hide. 
Mr. Hyde hath had intimacion of this, and if he did value the 
pleasure of this House, he must change his measures, as to the Bill of 

Mr. Hide : Tho' no Englishman values it more, hee can but follow 
the dictates of his conscience, and breed up his boyes so. Declares 
his carriage in the Treasury, his religion, the education of his children , 
whom he had rathei* see slaves under Algier then under a Popish 

Sir William Jones : If there were different reasons, he hopes the 
House wil] differ in their judgment. Yet considering his relation he is 
not fitt to command the Treasury, or to give counsell to the King. 
However moves a difference may be made between the two persons. 

Mr. Harbord complements him very much, yet moves to remove him 
from bis employments and councill. 

Mr. Finch sayes that he has sayd so much in justification of himself 
that he is satisfyed. 

Mr. Godolplun speaks for his behaviour in his employments, and 
knows no crime but his alliance. 

But Mr. Harbord sayes his good management of the Treasury is not 
Sir George Hungerford moves to postpone this debate. 
Sir Robert Henley seconds it. 
Mr. Hopkins thirds it. 
Sir Robert Clayton moves to postpone it. 
Mr. Vernon moves to have him removed. 

Mr. Booth desires he may be postponed^ but moves agunst his 

Sir H. Ford sayes his onely crime is that he hath the Duke to his 
brother in law. 

Mr. Montague : If we cannot do anything upon common fame, we 
may upon common prudence. Moves that he would quitt his employ- 
ment, or to proceed to this vote. 
Mr. Palmer for postponing the debate. 

Sir G. Downing speaks well for him. 

Mr. Harbord falls into a rage. 

Mr. Reynell is against his being employed in the Treasury by reason 
of his alliance to the Duke, and would Lave him removed from the 
King's person. i 

Sir John Qnise moves to have it postponed. 

U eoofto. H 


Mr, Arnold mores agntnBt hb broUior where thcro is mote thMk ooB* 
inon fame, llo was at a committee wherein he did ooufeiB tome put 
of what were enough to p&^s a vote against hiui, and moves to ha? e 
this voti' putt to. 

Sir Gilbert <iernird moves for the qnefttion. 

Sir Thomas Clargcs answers some objections as having but the 
power of one in five. Moves to post)Mme the <lobate. 

Mr. Gore : If you do not procetnl in this you do the Lord llallifas 
ix^Utttice. Moves for an addross. 

Mr. John}H>n : The Trea»ury l>eiug poor it is au improper thne to 
spend time in removeing a Ti^easurer. 

Sir William CiK>])er, who is against the Bill i^ against 3rour religioB 
and your liberty. 

Sir William Russell thinks his ix^ion to the Duke im argument, 
when he is but one of tive. 

Mr. Evelyn : Ih not the Duke of York the puhlick enemy of the 
kin«;domo, and wouhl not havct him under a temptation. 

Mv. Colt, who brought him in but the Duke. He hoped Mr. Hyde 
wouhl have prevented the mhlress by ile^iring t^ witlidraw. 

Lorti Caven<lish : What becomes ol' liln^rty of s|>oech if ho may be 
quest ione<i for what lie sayes hen*. 

An addrt'-'s vutinl to rcniovf Mr. Hide from the Treasory» the 
King*s pn.'>ence and C\mncill for t'ver. 

Sir Rowliind Gwynnc moves that tlie Marquesd of Worcester may be 
next taken into eonsidcracion. Ti> known wliat intimacy lieiween Ims 
and the Duki* of Vork. Fawnr^ u])<>n the Duke. Goes to him every 
niorniiifr bt-foK* lie ^^oc-s to tlu* King. If his parts were c<|uaU lo hi< 
power Jiii i»ppre>sious wouhl l)e as great as the worst of them. Hf 
commands from St. Diivid*s to within ik) miles of this town. I^aly 
I'owys is his sister, who tlispenso commands in North W*^ak*s. Ue 
hath made a new militia in HristoU and givos them oaths of fiiMity It 
himself. Countenances I'optay in Monmouthshire. Price wlio had 
bin accused of the Plott now not furr from him, and still ads hii 
business. He kee|>s a ProU\-ttant chapkiu, au«1 keeps his chapUMns wife 
to<». Hu h:is l2,o(K)/. per annum for Ludlnw and does not s|ieD4 2U0lt 
The soldiers of Ch<*|Mtow rmphiycd to rol» the countrey of thoir weed. 
The Captain wa> a ]*ai)ist, and acciis<*d of tlic Plott. Moves fiir aa 
Addri*>!t to remove him from thi' KiIlg*^ (*ouncill, pn^semre, &c 

Sir Trt'vor Williams adds that mass wa.H constantly ^av«i in his 
garrison, and when he wsa told of it he would Niy you havo nounng 
to do with my garrison. 

Mr. Arnold : Chepstow i> hi> cathtMlrall ;rarrison where mass has Ins 
saye<l. 'J'hc soldiers pre>t tlu; country into Wentwiiod. Six 6lfli of 
miiMlut'ticn* were sent to Monmouth to aw the town wlieu Sir Tkervr 
Williams %*as cnoiM*ii. (liM-h a nt-w oath to his m^w militia at Briflollt 
and burtJ^'SMs of Monmouth to be trno to him. The inouey given ia 
the conutrry for the u.'^e oi' th4- militia his ^tl'wal'd rcc*fived. Mikss s^d 
in hia own hearing;. Srvcmll I'api*«t-« oirnM*r> in hi^ militia^ aaMV^^ 
the rest Ml. Lr Huni. TelU Mr. Harcouit's rndcavours lo rnae a 
record. Movt-s to diAmanth* Chep>tow. anil addrvos a^aiu»t him to iht 

Mr. Mostyn trIN how tin- Lady Powy;* Uii^potMtl of mililnry imfilDy* 
nif-nt-, a('((iiaiitt('d hi.s Lfird>liip with it and couhl ha\e no redness. 

^^ir tfoiliri'V Co|»li'y ^i)r^ wt* liav«' hi-anl a gn-at deal of what it 
trut'. Kelicvcs tlu-ni trut*. Tlii« i^ not ct»mmon fame. 

An atldri'ss voted to icmovr him from all places of bonoaFp poweff 
and profit t, and from thi; Kln;^'?t presemx* for ever. 

Sir fflohn (tui»4> movc^ to ciintinuc sitting, and he will help tts to B 
Privy Councillor ur two more. 


Mr. Arnold moves that the Marquess of Worcester might be voted M88.o»rtt 
the same with the Lord Hallifax, and seconded, and resolved. BbIi^u 

8ir Rowland Gwynne aggravates the motions against the Earl of •""• •- 

Clarendon. The House votes the same with the Lord Hailifax upon 
the Earl of Oarendon* 

The same moved by Sir G. Hungerford and seconded by Sir Gilbert 
Gerrard for the Earl of Fevershara, as to his places and employments 
for ever. 

An address voted. And that he is a promoter of Popery, and the 
French interest, and a dfingerous enemy to the King and kingdome. 

Mr. Seymour spoken severly upon by Mr. Harbord, Moves for (be 
same censure for Mr. Seymour. 

Sir William Portman moves to have his censure retarded tUl hit 
tryall be over. 

Sir Francis Winninglon seconds Mr. Harbord, but the debate lett 
fall, and Sir John Guise moves against the Duchess of Portsmouth* 

Sir Francis Winnington takes him down upon the order of the 

Mr. Sejrmonr's dehate ordered on Monday morning, and then. 
Sir William Jones takes notice that Sir William Scrogg is not «o 
nrach as committed or suspended, for when 'twas proposed it was 
carryed in the negative. Proposes that no anticipation be of the Kill's 
rcrenue by borrowing. Tonnage and Poundage misimployed. To prevent 
tSie anticipation of the Excise revenue by talleys which are bought and 
sold. The Hearth money anticipated for some yeares. Would tave 
the bankers relieved. Moves for the question, that whoever lends any 
money upon these heads shall be looked upon as enemies to their 
coQQtreyS) and the tallies may be made voyd. By this means put4e off 
tlie Duchess of Portsmouth. 
Sir Francis Winnington seconds it with a long i^peech. 
Mr. Hampden insists upon the first part of Sir William Jones hit 
speedi, and wonders the Lord Chief Jjistice is not suspended when hiB 
^me is the male-administration of his office. Complains of the mis- 
imployment of great summs of raoncj, and the inconvenience of ihB 
aniidpacion of money. 

Sir Robert Howard declares that in 73 and 75 the way of anticipaouni 
^oold mine the Treasury. Shews the manner of striking the talky«. 
Ti8 become a perfect trade. Hud the n^oney bin putt into the Treasury, 
tbe money had never bin misimployed. 

^^Ived that no person shall hereafter lend or procure any mon^ 
»7 ^ticipation, and such ss do shall be looked upon as obstructowrs of 
the Kitting of Parliament 

"Rie Addresses referred to the Committee that draws up the aaswir 
^ <fce King's message concerning Tangier. 

Saturday, 8th January. 

^pon Mr. Sberitoh's Habeas Cm-pus no Order made beoKnse DOtkse 
^ken of a commitment of the House of Commons in the writt 

4^ Address moved that his M^jestie would grant a proclasia&Ni 
^gainst 'geverall persons for breaches of privileges^ and cannot be brought 
^ "7 the Serjeant at Armes, anil granted. 

^ Committee appoynted to inquire into the condition of the Popish 
priests that are convicted, and to report to the House " [ends 

J. A. Bor^^BTX. 

u 2 




In the library of Mr. J. H. Gurncj at Keswick Hall, near Norwicfai 
ihero is a valuable collection of MSS. belonging to the trusteos of tht 
late Mr. Hudson Gumcy. Manj of these were formerly in the potmar 
sion of Dr. Cox Macro, who die<l in 1767. When Macro's c o Uectioa 
was sold, in 1820 (at which time it belonged to Mr. John Fitt6Son» of 
Norwich), oat of the 189 volumes of which it consisted fortj-one pasted 
into the hands of the late Mr. Dawson Turner, of Great YannouUi, aoA 
the remainder into the hands of Mr. Hudson Gurney. Of the 
described below, fourteen paitly consist of miscellaneous papers onoe 
the possession of, or written by, Sir Henry Spelman, while others 
bolongfd to him. The miscellaneous volumes were evidently 
together and bound up by Dr. Macro (various papers of his own tiBk -^ 
being found interspersed, and the guards on which many were mounte^^ 
for binding being found to contain scraps of writing of the last century 3, 
and in their contents he included some of the gatherings of the gre^HBt 
Norfolk antiquary, which had come into his hands. In the catakgOH^ae 
printed at the time of the sale in 1820 the volumes are described as if 
thev came in their entirety from the Spelman library. 

Amongst the many and varied articles to be found in the following liss^st, 
one of the three most noticeable is a very good twelfth centoiy tSs. oif 
En^sh laws, which is specially remarkable as containing an earlier eo^S7 
than anyhitherto known of the treaty between King Stephen and Heniy io 
1 163. This is given below at length. The second of the three is a i 
book of the meetings, or " classes,** of a company of Puritan 
in Essex in 1 582-9, which is probably an unique record of the 
especially as it is complete from the first meeting of the Society to 
last, and inclu<los copies of all the papers referred to in its conrsa. 
the suspicion with which meetings of this kind were viewed by 
ecclesiastical authorities, and of the spirit of resistance to aplaoop*^ 
government and to ceremonial conformity which they fosteredt 
are illustrations in Stryp4*'s Life of fVhitgift under the year 
(book III., chap, xxi.) ; and here we have the record of discowoos 
some of the very points with which the Puritan struggles were 
and the meetings of these very classes at Dedham and in its 
hood in 1-5H2 are mentioned, witli the names of many of the 
at p. 84 of [Bishop Bancroft*s] Dangtrou* PotUiont and Pf 
printed t€*n years after wants. And the third specially noto-i 
article is the Diary from June 1614 to February 163$ of Sir 
Ilutton, judge of the Common Picas. For the legal biography of 
time this MS. is one that well <lcserves publication. Of all the 
judses and leading lawyers short characters are given, in coi 
with their promotion or death ; and the creations ik Seijaaati 
noticed with great fulness of detail. 

I. Lkoks AnglLk. 

The oldest MS* in the collection is (as mentioned above) one of 
laws of England, written about the third quarter of the twelftk 



It is on forty-one small quarto leaves of vellum, but is imperfect, begin- joJS^Smmx 
ning (on a leaf numbered 46 by a hand of the 17th cent.) with part of Ovmvir.Kia. 
the laws of Ina. Then follow, ^^ 

1. ^ Leges iEjielstani Eegis." 

2. ** Hoc consultum est quod episcopi ct prepositi qui Lundoniensi 
curie pertinent edizerunt, et jurejurando confirmaverunt in suo fri)>gildo 
comites et viUani." 

3. ** Institutiones Ethelredi Regis." 

4. *^ Hec sunt verba pacis et prolocutiones quas ^thelredus Bex et 
omnes sapientes ejus cum exercitu firmaverunt, qui cum Analavo et 
Justino et Gudermundo St^ani filio venit" 

5. '' Hoc est consilium quod Anglic sapientes et plebis Walie con« 
f olarii (sic) inter Dunsatas habuerunt." 

6. '^ Hoc iDstituerunt E|>elredu8 rex et sapientes ejus apud Habam." 

7. ** Institutiones Eadgari Begis. 

8. '^Hec pacis agenda que Alfredus Eex et Godrun rex et omnes 
Anglie sapientes et omnis populus East Anglic constituemnt et jure- 
jurando confirmaverunt.*' 

9. ''Hoc est consilium quem (sic) Alfredus rex et Goran rex 
elegerunt et condixerant, quando Angli et Dani ad pacem et ad con- 
cordiam plene convenerunt, et sapientes, et qui postea successeran 
sepius hoc et assidue renovantes in bonum semper adduxerunt.*' 

10. Leges Eadwardi: ''Eadwardus rex admonuit omnes sapientes 
BQOs quando fuerunt Exonie ut.investi^rarent simul et quererent quomodo 
pax eorum melior esse possit quam antea fuit, quia visum est ei quod 
hoc impletum sit aliter quam deceret et quam antea precepisset," 

11. Leges Eadmundi. 

12. '' De juramentis." 

13. ''Institutio Willelmi regis," or Carta pro aliquo mal^do. 
(Thorpe's Ancient Laws^ pp. 210, 211.) 

14. ^ De veteri consuetudinum promotione." (Ibid. p. 511.) 

15. '' Rectitudines singularum personaram taini." 

16. ''Institutiones Henrici Regis," being the Epistola prefixed to 
^ Laws, and the confirmation of the laws dT Edwani the Confessor. 

Upon these immediately follow, without any break, some passages 

J^oapecting the reign of Henry L, thus : — ** Idem rex noster ita scripsit 

^postolico Paschal i de investituris ecclesiarum, et datione baculorum, 

^nde jam pridem a diebus Willelmi fratris ejus agebatur cum beatissimo 

Cantoariorum archiepiscopo Anselmo. pro quo tot incommoda sustinere, 

^ot pro nomine Jhesu contumelias pati, totiens meruit exulare, ubi dum 

^Anct» Sion recordatur, in salicibus Babilonis nostrae suspendit ad 

^mpus organa sua donee preponatur Jerusalem in principio letitias 

^oetrse, et beatus sit qui se continebit, et allidet pravitates suas ad 

petram Xfm, asspiret ante dies et clinentur umbrs quas sanctie mentis 

^^iderium tenebrosa noctis involutione propediunt. Patri venerabili 


Paachali,*' [otc.» boine the letter I'rom Henry to Pope PiAdudll^ 
\ OTUKtlj as given in Jolm Brompton'a Chronicle^ and thence in the 
FtpderaJ] *' Eodom termino <>t )mt cosden legates, per Bodbertua 
■oilicot Licctfcldenscin rpisoopum, ct per IIerl)ortum Norwioenaem 
epifloopum dc intronizntionc Oinirdi venorabilis Bboraceosiom arehiepi- 
Bcopi elect! ncrihit hoc inoilo.* Heveremio vi diljcfendo patri univorsali ^ 
papa Fnschali Henriciifl Dei gratia rex An^loruin ralutem. Et* amor 
quern pliirimum ergn vox hnbeo, ot beni<^itaH qam mnlta f ertioa aetoa 
exornaty fithicinm mihi diibant, nt ret<*nto mecum (riniitlo Eborm- 
cenAium ' archiepi8Cop<>, pallium ei a vestra aanetitate ceqairmny aed 
quiji ipHe totus eo (h*Hiderio tenobaturut vcMtriA eonB|)ectibu0 presentmri * 
•t a vobU per Beipmim id petere poeiiet, ail voe eom mui* dnkisaifliam 
aifti fiafeemitatein vestram obiiecran«» ut date eo^ qood petit pallia^ csai 
honore et leticia <>uni ud me remirtatia, omntem ^ pro nobia lUiia vealrii. 
Apostolatuin vcHtrum Dcus multod aunos^ conscrvct. 

Et hofl[>qui<lem littora} quanta regeiu decuit veneratione snuoeptia amnt, 
et lecttT, et perlectiu plocuerunt, et quanta^ inde fructus eancta Dei 
g e tkj faa proTeiierit wqueatia declarabunt. Estimari vero moo palest 
quantis gaudiis ot quanta Oflcliritato pnKlicti nuntii cum regis dignitate. 
cum sua ipHoruni [)n>bitate n*copt[ (Mriter ct remi!«««x mint ; !q>iritiuilem * 
tamen GiranluH archiepiscopus ct tantam in oculi^i omnium IlamaoGrum 
paiiam uicruit, ut nulUi bbittfeuiantium vul contradiccntiuo) atudia 
su|KT euni d(Mnc<*ps Koinn' proccsj^crint, licet do eo fama puhlicmTcnt, 
quod exulnnte (^Hutuarioruin archicpi^'opo Annelnio in ejus dioces 
quosdam intronizatos conaecnire voluMiet. Seil cnm ipsi Bnllatmuii 
aequiescercnt, Willehnus Girardus (read Gi£Fardus) Win 
[e]lcetQe ei)i}icopu9, ot Haorandonim unus, Homam petiit, et 
arcliiepi**copnm Huuin Acselmum reduxit, ubi divinani ct 
bene<licciononi meruit, ct <'tcrnani nibi gloriam [mt secula cumulavit. 
Kogenis vcro Sulcbiriensis elcctui^ cpiscopus vir multa Iteoediccionem 
(fir) [»recipuitatc H-)II<'mpnis wnctum i[)sius archicpiscopus (read mrAU 
efiiticopi) redditum jii«<tis <Ief*itlcriis cxpoctavif, in tanta renim pertorlis- 
tione sollicitus, ut unicuique dcbita diligentcr a/* fldeliCer intfmaret. 

Post rc<litum antcprtMiictorum nuntionim liabitoai eet Lundonbe 
famosum ilium concilium do arebi<liac?onis, rt canonicin, ct presbiteris. 
In uxori*r)u>^ abjurandi.H. Nc monaclii vcl prcHbiteri Hint prnioaiti 
laicerum. De suixTfluiM crinibus et vcstibus. Ut occuUa v«Ca pucr 
Tel puelltL* sint irrita. Dc srNloniitia public^e cxconununicandis. DepMti 
sunt duo ibi abbat*-** propii-r HinKinin* fircDmvrntioiicm. Exordinati 
duo monacbi propter boniici«linm in xcclcsia. Post hoe coMJlhrn (Mir) 
probatione (nad pro <lutionc) haciilonim bent us Au.'^clniuH de Aiuriia 
proffctus citt. 

Uee satit stMuta de arehidi.ironirt, preitbiteris ei caiMmieia in quo- 
coBi^iia grwla i^oo.stilutl.s (|uu; Wintonia* ^tatucrunl Anaeloraa ai«ki* 
epiiM:<>pUM Cantiiaricnsi^, «•! cum co < iinirdiK archie plM-npus Khoracenai* 
et eMiieM alii Anjrlia? «piM^pi, iu prn^cntia srlorioni rr^ji HeoriciJ 
aae^ivui oainium hnmnuni ••uonim. Sta tu turn e<it,** -ete^ ar tn 
Bremptoii, «ftc.« with a varintion in thi* niinibi-r of witne!ilt(»a reqvin^l 
for pnr^^tion from arcu«ation : *' ■ fmr^ahit im» ailjunctia acxau 
Ofdinia hiii idnnet!* t**«tibu.*«. Si*x ti prribitcr, i^uinquo ^ di 
if^ si <iiihfliacuniM fucrit.*') 

• Tliit httor }t rif-o iji^m h\ Hrfunpton. w !»i ihi« v.moiM rrn!inp mcntioncJ ia 
the fWKiiriBf nnff^ :•- 

^ rfnertthili ft mnirtttitli. = AV nmifM. ^ F.^^untrrmi, * fe j:nnmtarH. •« 
^ ormntet. ^ mmitu annh. •-•lotlf." tperuihttterm, Hrompton. 

Th«B {ttUom, vidi&ut broak, the ohftrtor of Heary I. raspoctiiu; 3IBi^<t» 

•* HenrictTs Dei gratia rex Angloriraa omnibus fidelibus suig Francis et "*' 

Alalia Balatem. Sciatis quia conoeda et preeipio ut amodo commilatus 
mei et hunctreta in illis loeis et eisd^m tenninis scdteant sicut sedenmt 
Hi tempore regis Eadwardi et non aliter. [Et nolo quod viceeomes 
propter aKquod necessarium quod eibi pertineat faciat ea sedere aliter.]^ 
Kgp enim quanda voluero faciam ea satis submoneat, fiiieiat ea severe 
'aKter, necesaitate secundum Toluntatcm meam. Et si amodo exurgat 
placitam de divisione teiTarum vel de occupatione, si est inter dominicos 
barones meos^tractetur placitum in curia domini eorum. [Eli s! est inter 
vavaeores alicujus baronis mei honoris, traetetnr placitnm in ewnA 
domini eorum.]^ Et si est inter vavasores duorum dominoriH«, tractetur 
in commitatu, et hoc duello Aat nisi in efs remanserit. Et volo et 
Drecipio nt omnes de comitatu eant ad e omitatus et hundreta# siofat 
iecerunt in tempore regis; Eadwardi, et non remaneant propter aliqaam 
paeem meam vel quietudinem qiiin 8equa[B]tnr placita meci et |eidieia 
nea oTcat tunc temporis fecissent." 

Then, on the two last leaves in the volume, 9. 85, 86, follows, in 
another and smaller hand, hut oira of the same date, a copj ef tHe 
agreement between King Stephen and Henry II. in 1153. This is snb- 
ipined at length, because the copj in the Bed Book of the Exeheqn^ 
from which the treaty is printed in the FiBdera^ » described as benig 
more than a century later; and this older text supplies several eerreo- 
t}ons. Msny of the names of persons and places, and espeokmy Ae 
title of Dux as applied to Henry, are written in capitals. 

** Stepbanus, Rex Angfie, Archiepiseopis, Episeopis, Abbalibos, 
Comitilras» JustTciis,^ Vicecomitibus, Boronibus, et omnibus fideHbue 
puis Anglie, Salutem. Sciatis quod ego rex Stephanns Henricum 
dacem Normannfe post me suceeasorem regni Anglic et heredem 
meum ym hereditario constitui, et sic el et heredibus suis regosm 
Angfiie doQavi et confirmavi. Dux vero propter hunc bonorem et 
^niaeionem et confirmationem sibi a me ^tam, homagium ndla 
et aacraroento securitatem fecit, sofTicct quod f^elis mihl erit, et 
rftsm et bonorem meum pro posse suo cmtodiet, per conventianeg 
falter nos prolocutas,^ que in hac carta contiuentnr. Ego etiam 
eecoritatem sacramento duci feci, quod vilam et hoMorem ei^ pro 

rse meo costodiam, et sIcut filmm et heredem raeom in omnibsa 
qoibtts potero eum manutenebo et cuslo^om eofttra omnea ^yum 
potero. WiRelmus autem Aliirs meus liginm homagium et secm'ifaten 
I>oei Normannie f^t, et dux ei conees^t ad tenendum de se omnes 
temtme quaff ego tenui anteqnam regnnm Anglie adeptus eseem, sive in 
Angira,, mve in Formannia, sive in »liis loeia, et quicquid eum filia 
cofBitis WarrcMiie* aceepit, sive in Anglia, sive in Normannia, et 
qmeqiiid • ad honores illos pertinet, et de omnibus tenuis, et villis, et 
bwrgfs, et redditibus qnos dux in dominio sua inde' nunc habet, 
et nominatim de ilHs que pertinent ad bonorem comitis Warenn',® 
Willelmum filium meum et homines ipsiusi® qui de honore illo 

m^-^— ■ - 

> The text in the Fcedera (edit. 1816, i. 12), from the Red Book of the Exchequer, 
is shorter, the clauses within brackets bcin^ omitted. And it exhibits the follow- 
ing variations from the text above, which would seem in some cases to be doobtftil: 
— " faciam ea satis summonen* propter mea dominica necessaria ad Toluntatcm 
meam " ; — " tractetur placitum incuria mea '* ; — " nee remorent propter aliquam 

emnsam pacem meam vel quietudinem, qui non sequuntiir placita mea," &c. 
- Juatitiariis^ Fcpdeni. ^ pralocutas, ib. * ejuSj ib. ^ fiiia de Waren\ ib. • quic* 
qmidf oagu ib. ' inde, cm. ib, • de Waren* ib. • iiiw$, ib. 



Jonn HiirmT sunt plenario naisict, et nominatim de castello de Belenemiilira 

QvEMMY, is^. ^^ Mortui-maris. Tta jvcilicet quod Roginaldus de Wwrmin^ 

castnim Belencambro et castrum ^ Mortui-maris custodiftt, tl 

▼ohiorit et dabit inde Duci ob^ides. Si vero noluerit, alii de ligiif 

hominibus comitis Warenn* ^ quos Dux yoluerit similiter per Mtves 

obtidea et salvam custodiam eadcm castra custodicnt. Alia Tero easCm 

que pertinent ad comitatum Moretonie,' Dux ci reddet ad Tolunta- 

tem meam cum potent, per salvam custodiam, et per salvos obaidet. 

Ita quod oranes obsides roddantur filio mco quieti ^ quando Das ranc- 

num An^lie habebit. Incrementum etiam quod efpo Willelmo fflio 

meo dedi ipse Dux ci concessit, castra scilicet et villas de Norwieo* 

cam septin^ntis libratis terre, ita quoi redditus de Norwico infra 

illas septingentas libratas computetur,* et totum comitatum de NoH^ 

fole ^ preter ilia ^ que pertinent ad ccclesias, et episcopos, et abbates, 

et comites, et nominatim preter torcium denarium, nnde Hugo Bucotos 

est comes. Salva et reservata in omnibus repili justicia. Item ad rob- 

orandam graciam meam et dilectionom, dedit oi dux et conoeasit qaioqaid 

Richerus de Aquila habobnt do honore Pevonoselli, et preter bee castra 

et villas* Pevencselli, et servitium Farnmuai, *^ preter castra et vfllaa** 

de Doure, et quo<l ad honorom Douro pertinet. Eccleidam de 

Faures-ham^' cum perttnentiirt suis Dux confirmavit, et alia aliu 

eccleviis a me data vol rcxldita, consilio sancte ecclesie et meo 

confirmabit. Comites et Baronos Ducis qui homines mei noDqaam 

fuerant, pro honore quem suo domino feci, homagium et aacramen* 

tnm mihi fecerunt, salvis convontionibns inter me et duoein fi^tle. 

Ceteri vero qui antea mihi homagium fcccrant, fidelitatem mihi feoamnt 

sicut domino, et si dux a premissis recederot omnino a aenitio 

ejus ipsi cessarent, qnousque errata corriirorot. Filins mens etiam 

secundum consilium sancte lecclesio so indo contincrct, si dox a pre* 

dictis recederet. Comit<»H etiam ot Barones mei ligium homap;iam Dud 

fecerunt, salva mea iidclitato quamdtu vixcro et regnum tenuero* aimili 

lege quod si ego a predictis recedorem omnino a servitio meo 

quousque errata corrigerero. Gives etiam civitatum et hominea 

mm que in dominio meo habeo^ ex precepto meohomaginmet seeoritttlam 

Duel fecerunt, salva fldelitato mea quamdiu vixcro et regnum teanero. 

nii antem qui castra Waren^^ford ^* cuModiunt homagium mihifecenmt* 

et dederunt mihi obsides de (idelitato mihi ^^ servanda. Ego vero dt 

castris ot murationibus ^* meis talem securitatem Duci consilio aaaelv 

secdesie feci, no dux me decedonte per hoc ^^ dsmpnum aut inpedimentam 

rf^^nt incurrat. Etiam turris Lundonicn<(is Hicardo de Laoeia» el 

Mota Windlesorcs ^^ consilio sancte ecolosic ad 'custodiendom tnkdili 

sunt. Ricardufl autem de Luceio ^^.iuravit,ctin manu '^ archiepiaeopi 

et custodiam filium suum obsidom dedit quod post meum deceasom pn» 

dicta ^' castra Duci reddoret. Similitor conMJlio simcte a^ccleeie Bofgero 

(sic) de RuMseio motam Oxoneford. ot Jordano (jtir) dc Bussao firmitaism 

lincolie ^ ca^todiunt, et \\tri\ homines duci Munt, ot juravertint, etobaidm 

inde dederunt in nianii ^ archiopisc^opi, (|iiod ni ego dccederem« Dod 

munitionos sine impodimonto n*ddorent. Kpisoopus Wintonie in maDQ ^ 

archiepiscopi (*antuar. roram opisoopis affidavit, qiiod si ego decederra 

castra^ Wintonio ot munilionom ^ Hamtono Diiri rcdderct. Qood ■ 

> caitrum, om. ih. ' «/*• Warem", bi. ^ ad romitrm de Wartm* «1f«r«- 
foaitf, ib. ♦ tfuirtf, ib, ^ tciiicel nulrtim de .Vorn'ir', ib. * eowkpmiemhir^ ik. 
' A'ariric', ib. ^ Hint, ib. • prtHrr h*»c raatrum et ritlam, ib. •• farmmm^ IV. 
II castra et ti7/d«. ib. >= Fruretham. ib. >^ Ao^/m.. ib. >« Walingeford. ib. » miki, 
itm. ib. nunirinnihttn, ib. '' hter. ib. »* de Windetor, ib. *• Lwtp, ik 

• nanum, ib. •* predtct'S. om. ib. "^ HtHjemn df Luctio motam de pMrnufiri^ 
et JtrrdanM de Bu»$ria firmttatrm Lincolm<r. ib. ^ ca§trmm, ib. ** «iMiftoa0» Aw 


iliqais eornm qnibus custodia mnnitionum commissa fuerit moreretur, ll88,of 

aut [a] custodia sibi depntata recederet, oonsilio sancte tecclesie alius oruri^B^ 

custos ibi statueretur prius quam ^ ille recederet. Si vero aliquis de his * — 

qui meas mnnitiones custodiunt, contumax vel rebellis extiterit^ de 

sastris scilicet que ad coronam pertinent, communi consilio ego et dux 

DOS inde continebimus donee ad voluntatem utriusque cogatur satisfacere. 

A^rchiepiscopi et episcopi de regno Anglie atque abbates ex precepto 

moo fidelitatem sacramento Duci fecerunt. Illi quoque qui in regno 

A.nglie deinceps fient episcopi, vel abbates, idem facient. Archiepiscopi 

rer^ et episcopi ab utraque parte in manu ceperunt, quod si quis 

lostmm a predictis conventionibus recederet, tarn diu eum ecclesiastica 

usticia coercebunt, quousque errata corrigat, et ad predictam pactiouem 

>b8erTandain redeat. Mater etiam Ducis et ejus uxor et fratres ipsius 

Ducis et omues sui quos ad hoc applicare poterit, hec assecurabunt. In 

negotiis autem regni ego consilio Ducis operabor. Ego vero in toto 

regno Anglie tarn in parte Ducis quam in mea, regalem justitiam 

Bxercebo. Testibus his : Tedbaldo^ archiepiscopo, Henrico Wintoniensi, 

Rodberto Exon. Rodberto Bath. Gocelino Salesb. Rodberto Lincol. 

Hilar. Cicest. WiDelmo Norwic. Ricardo Lund, Nigello Elyens. 

Gileberto Herford. Johanne Wigorn.* Waltero Cest. Waltero 

Bofens. Gaufrido de sancto Asaph. Episcopi[s]. Rodberto prior[e] 

Sermund. Otun * milite templi. Willelmo com. Cidestr. Rodberto 

com. Leecest. Willelmo com. Gloecest. Rainaldo com. Cornval. 

Baldwino de Douning.^ Ro^ro Hereford. Hugone Bigoto.^ Patrico 

Salesberensi. Willelmo de Albemarl. Albrico com. Rogero Clarensi.' 

Ricardo de Pambroo com. Ricardo de Lnceio. Willelmo Martel. 

Ricardo de Humez. Reinaldo de Warenn\ Manaser Biset. Johanne * 

h Port.^® Ricardo de Camavilla. Henri de Esexe. Aput West* 


This MS. was* partially examined by Mr. Benjamin Thorpe for his 
edition of the Ancient Laws of England. He, by a singular mistake, 
describes it as being in octavo and '^ apparently about the end of the 
thirteenth century." • 

IL Statuta Anglub. 

A good MS., in quarto, written in the time of Edward III. Former 
<>WQen have been WilUiun Russelli Thomas Leynthally and Thomas 

III. Statuta ANGLiiE. 

Statates made in the time of Edward HI. and Richard II. The 
▼olame belonged at the beginning of the 16th cent, to one ** George 
^mne," and in April 1668 a subsequent owner ^'pd. to Mr. Washington 
Jot this book 10*. virf." 

IV.' Receipt for Gunpowder. 

^Q a volume of astronomical tracts, in quarto, which formerly 
^nged to the library of the Abbey of St. Edmund's Bury " ex dono 
ffatrig Thome de Strouteby," there is found at f. 42b. the curious receipt 

. ^f^iquanif ib. • fuerit, ib. ^vero, om. ib. * Theobaldo, ib. * Joh. Wig., om. 
^^- * Otone, ib. ? Baldwino eomite Dewmic, ib. ^ Hug. Bigoto, om. ib, ' Bo^, 
^♦»<e de Clara, ib. *• Johanne de Norwic, ib. 


HuiT ^ gUBpowder, '* ad facMndum le Crake," which wms printed bv Sir F. 

ttvftvn.lMi. I%l|p«Te in tho preface to his ^ Merchaui afui Ffiar.^* Od the naw 
*"* pttg^ are okl English proviM'bia) sayinp^H, found in Himilar, nltteu|^ not 

idpnticaU ftirins elftewhoro, of ovil thinp^s in a nation whick ^ bellrc 
were hftc5s" bo^innin^ ** Loud Kyn^ %vilfull, biasohop alavr, prial wrkte, 
wjtman twjfoM ;'* and a (K*9c*ription of the ^ Forma gladii Warwja 
mititin.*^ An interesting letter from Sir Honrj £Uia aboul lliMsaod 
other items aocompanioft tho Tohime. 


The C'hartulary of ttio Priorj of Blaokboroughf Norfolk, ii a felio 
volume in perfect condition, in its original binding. A Uat oC tkt 
contents it to be found in the Moaasiicou, 

VI. Yhar Book. 

** Year Book of casee from 33 Edward I. to 13 Edward III. ; foGo. At 
tke end of this Taluiiblo MS. in innorted *'A truniiae of the high covta 
of jiiatice,*' by Williaju Lamlie ; temp. Eliz.. 

VII. Tni: Libel or English Policy. 

Here entitled '^ Tlie Byhir of Euj^li-^h pobfcie.** This la at the end 
of a thick folio volume, on i»p<T» of '' Les tribulacioos de PEgtl^,** 
which hiw the following inscription at the bep^inning, ^ late liber 
eonatat Will"-* Gaston, quy *ledit Will™'* Sonnjng, an. M.CCCC.LXXC 
carrieil on thin, '* qai gcnuit Johanikenu qui genuit Jobanoeniy (|iiett 
J(»honneiii (sic /) do ordine Simcti Fi*anc. dedit istiua (tte) librum 
Tlioina- Wall. alia< Windesor heraM, u« 1.528." Wjdl jmintR bid own 
coat of arms in the m!ir<dn. In th(t same volume are; i. *^ The retenm* 
of the good Kyng Edwiird the thrydde *' ut the siege of C-alain ; ii. The 
poem (if tho Cht^rl and the Jlird, And anotlicr copy of the Lihei^ 
written in tho 17th centnrv, U inserted at the end. 


*' IIi«t(»ria Anglicana, Leroico (-armine conscri[)tii," i>y tlohn Ilerd* 
M.T>., with a dedication (dated from Lincoln) to William CeHl f Lard 
Burleijrh) ; foHo. This appears to Ik» the author's ort«rinal MS., ae it 
contains various alt4'rution'^. Thu uork wils printiKl from anotkec MS. 
for the Koxl»ur;;he (.'lub in ISG>. 


•* A shorte treat iee concern intr tliingi»!« nedefull for thia prt a eni 
eonectetl \\y .Tnhn }Vfount^im«»r«». Fiontlnner, in Anno Dni IMS**; 
a d«Mlicatinn to Fnuiris Knrl ot* I^Mlfoid ; a small qnarto ToliiiBe of 
instr!n-tion^ fm- ^oUlirr'-, with "a «;o«llir fonsidoracion for the relefe of 
«4ii(hi' -onliii«-r*> a> c«ime niavni<*4K hurt und ■ticeourh*^ frome the 
warn-." TIiIh was printi'd from anotlnT ropy, pp. 209-41, vol. xlrii. 

*• -\n ajMilo^ie of the Karif <»l K-'hx," nddn»!»>ed to Anthonv BaeoD: 
with liiniKMunN writt4*n lM>lor** lii> deuth. whivh are here entitled **. 
J*difrimtiy« to I/tavt n.*' Ko)io. 


XI» Sfenbeb's Visw of Ibeland. 

Edmund Spenser's <* View of the present state of Ireland," datetl at tie ^»"« •■• 
•ftfl X2B7. Quttow 


A history, in folio, of the Reformation in England, wrUtd« by one of 
the Roman Catholic priests who were banished from England in 1585, and 
ending with the execution of Thomas Ashfield [** Aufield or Alfild " in 
I>odd*^B ClfffvA HU^ory]y a priest, aii4 Thomas Webley [** WeHey" in 
Dodd], a layman, in that year. Begins, *' At rach time a» Maxinullfan 
the £nf€r0«r ggvernad tha Empire^'' la 1660 thc^ ioIumk belooged to 
Sir Httoiy Audely. 

XIII. Parliament Notes, 1624. 

** Some breife notes of the aflfayres — of each severall day — haa^ed m 
the Parliament house,," from 21 Feb., 21 James I.^ 1624, to 27 May, 
with notes of speedies, ^5 quarto pages. 

XIV, PAKtiAMEirr Sons, 1629. 
Kotes of pioceedinga in Parliament ia 1628. Quaito. 

XY. Pabliambnt Notes, 1640* 

•'Ditimal occtnrrences" and speeches in Pl^rBament from 3 Nor^ to 
SO Dfec. 1640. Quarto. 

XVI. Pabliament Notes, 1641 • 

^DmifiiaI oecurreBoes,." kCy. from 13 April to 12 July 1641. Quarto, 
In the same hand as the preceding voluioe. 

XVII. List of Justices Itinwlvnt. 

Koie-*lMK>k containing a list of the Justices Itinerant in eacb jear 
from 23 Henry II. to- 39 Henry VI., by Sir W. Dugdate 


[Now Id»l A Latin common-place book, m small oetanro, oi John 
Walker^ oi Buij St. Edmund's. It begins with piecea frequently 
fovnd m similar books of tkc commencement of tke iftk century ; the 
addraiftof Dr. Laurence Humfrey to Queen Eliiabeth lO; Woodstoek, and 
his letter to her ; the Queen's speech to the Polish ambassador, and her 
<>peecb at Cambridge; Mr. Love's speech at Cambridge on entering 
office as Proctor; Bishop Jewel's speech on leaving Oxford in Qnoon 
Mary's time. The rest of the volume is chiefly occupied with copies of 
letters, mo»t of which are to or from Walker, partly while he was a 
■tadent at Leyden and at Dort.* 

p. 42. N. Y. 1 April. Lugd. Bat. — " Franciscas Junius amico 

p. 44. 1570.— St. John's Colloge Cambridge to Cecil. 

• It appears from the Album Sludhsorum published hj the University of Leyden 
in 1875 that Walker was matriculated there on 2 July 1133. 



Jo»HsivmT **• ^'^•^George Northcy "araico cuidam dootiraimo pasloriqiia Ue- 
OvMiT. Esq. lissimo." 

pp. 50, 61, 51. — The same from Colchester, ** stndioeo 
'^ theologo cuidam," and *' theologo cuidam graviaaimo." 

pp. 58, 59.— Two letters from Henry Lewis to friends ; the aeooiid 
dated 13 July, 1579. 

p. 61. — J. F. ''amico cuidam W." 

p. 63. 1632, Sept. 10. Lugd. Bat.— J[ohn] W[alker] to Mr. 
WatsoD, minister at Woolpit. 

p. 65. 1632, Jan. 21. Lugd. Bat.-^The tame to Robert Paget 

p. 67. 1633, Apr. 12. Lugd. Bat The same to Henry Bridoo, 

*' Burien.«»i," minister. 

p. 69. 1G32, Oct. 6. Chevington.— Robert Paman to J[ohn] 

p. 71. 1633, July 12. Lugil. Bat.— Walker's reply. 

p. 73. 1633, July 25.— J[ohn] lI[ou«hton]» to Walker, •••pad D. 
Beck man, ScholsD Do[r]drac. mocleratorem maneoti." 

p. 77. 1633, Feb. 11.— John Walker to William Perkins.f "medicina 
•tudioso ;'* '* Buritp, e domo amita? nostra: ma[gist]nc Houg[hton] in 
platea vulgo Kisbigate-Street.'* 

p. 79. — John Ho[u;rhton] to Walker ; account of his arriTil in 
London j yesterday in Whitehall " inexpectatus dextram mihl Idiviiiia 
fronte [>orrexit amicus noster Pohtnicus Ds. Matthiseviua,** who had 
only arrive<l in England on the previous Saturday, and is going to 
Cambridge ; changeti among professors in Holland ; mention of GreaTefi 
Oresham Professor of Mathematics, Paman, and others. 

p. 81. 16:U, May 6. Bury— Reply from Walker; be iBOeiTcd 
yestcnlay a letter from Mathisevius. 

p. 82. 1634, May 3. Cambridge.— Michael Mathiseviua to Walkff. 

p. 83. May 6— Walker's reply. 

pp. ))4-00, 9l-f)6, 101-115. 1631-5.— Nino letteri firooi John 
Houghton to bin cousin W^alker, with ninr in reply. 

p. 91. 1038, March 7. Lugd. Bat— William Perkins to Walker. 

p. 93. 1634, Sept. 8.— Walker to F. J. 

p. 91. — John Houghton to Walker; some anatomical demoDttrnticHH 
were begun to-<lay at tlio (*ollege of Physicians by Dr. Mererill; omb* 
tion of old fellow students at f^yden, '' Hintonus, Oraviua, Rnthemi, 
Thorius :** l{cad<* was lately created M.I>. at Cnon : Dr. RobinaoB hat 


returntil from Hollund and \ivvi< at Norwirh. 

pp. 9s. 99. U}M, Feb. 26. Londun.^Matthcw Thoris^ to Wnllnr, 
and Walk«*r*s reply. 

p. KM. 1635, May 11. — Walker to Houghton ; m«>ntiona some nn 
U»oks iMMight by him at the side of the library of ** D. Boulton, Gnrfatt- 
som(*nri*4 mini^tri.** 

p. loK. — Houghton to Wtdk«r: th«* library of Dr. LiodMrv* late 
Biitliop of HtTrfnrd, is about to l>e brought to London; theBiibop 

* Hi* wa« inatriculatctl at I.i-v<lrn i>n the rniuf day with Walker. 

t Kiitcreil at J^^di-n. 24 Apr. 163C. 

I " LoutUoeDiIii,^' entered at Lrvden. 10 Apr. 163S. 


himself valued the printed books at 800/. and the MSS. at 500/. ; most j^Jg^JJ^Y 
of the hitter he bequeathed to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the gubvbt, Biq* 
rest to Clare Hall. "^ 

p. 112. 1635, July 20. — The same to the same; he is now a 
member of Exeter College in Oxford, ** victum meum publica ibidem in 
aula cum aliis capiendo ;" goes to the Bodleian ; greatly praises the 
Rector of Exeter College, Prideaux, <* Oxonii gloria, Ecclesise lumen 
maximum, veritatis Anglicanae propugnator summus," who at the last 
conUHa most learnedly refuted the errors of Socinus and others about 
the satisfaction of Christ ; Thoris is a member of Pembroke College. 

p. 116. 1635, Oct. 17. Cambridge. — Michael Mathisevius to Walker ; 
on St. Matthew's day he went to visit the Bishop of Lincoln, and 
remained with him until this week, when the Bishop went to London. 

p. 118. Oct. 20.— Walker's reply. 

p. 120. 1645, Nov. 27. Bury. — ^The same to Houghton, now M.D. 

p. 121. Not dated. Clare Hail. — T. Norman ton to Walker, re- 
questing him to receive Mr. Prittiman's son as a pupil, because he 
cannot remain at Cambridge without great danger on account of the 

p. 122. 1636, Jan. 1. — ^Michael Mathissevius, ^* Vilnensis," to the 
same ; has arrived at Leyden ; Perkins is now at Utrecht. 

p. 124. 1655, June 19. Jesus College, Cambridge. — Ti. Adamson 
to the same. 

XIX. DiART or Judge Hutton; Vol. I. 

[No. 19 ; 60], 8vo. pp. 230.— Note-book and Journal of Sir Richard 
Hutton, appointed a Judge in the Common Pleas in 1617. 

1. Commission from James I. to some of the Judges (including 
Hutton) to review Sir £• Coke's Reports. 

2. 1632. — Reports from the judges on the jurisdiction of the Stanna- 
ries in Cornwall, p. 7. 

3. Description of Cornwall, pp. 46-59. 

4. Notes on Devonshire, pp. 60-62. 

5. Questions disputed at Cambridge before James I. on hb visit in 
1614, p. 70. 

6. Notes on fasting, pp. 72-75. 

7. [1614-1623.]-~Joumal, from 25 June, 12 James L, to Hikry Term, 
19 James L, pp. 77-280. 

This journal (as is the case also with the following volume) gives 
full accounts of the appointments of judges and calls of Serjeants 
with the speeches thereon ; the deaths and characters of judges and other 
official personages, with spe<x;hes of the King and others in Parliament, 
and brief notices of a few public events. The following are a few of 
the noteworthy entries : — 

1614, June 30. — Call of Serjeants and speech of L. C. J. Coke. 

1614, September 11.— Death of Sir Edward Phillips, Master of the 

1616. — Death of judge Nichols. 

1617. — Death of baron Altham. 

1617, March 15. — Death of Lord Chancellor Ellesmere, with unfavour* 
able character, chiefly for his opposition to Common Law. " Le scale 


**^<* hiit [>ri.^ <lc lay an petit tenpb devnnt ton mort par <XMHB4HMBft le 
o«mnv, Mm4. R»7> <!t f uit eofBunimcnt dit que tl mitte i:e0t memmg ^ •! Kot ^«e 11 Ml 

"~ AQ old man, and did not use to putt of his doathos before )l8 we«i to 

bodil. Fuit dit (jue 11 prist ditjcoutcntiuent qne son fils Sir Johft Cgtr- 
t4N) uon fuit fait l^reaident ikil Wale8| mes ie Deigoeur Gerard. Si iJ 
fuit uo borne do ^j^nd ct |irolbund judgment, un eloquent apeaknval 
uncon* ill eoii darcn temps il dev4iigiic plua cliolkvick, et nppaaa li 
{sic) jurisdiccion del Common lAi\n et iolai^o lo jiffiadiooioB del 
I'hunctTVy et il in plosera chottcs IaIkm- a dtvogale del Cobkmi Lajr «& 
del Judges. £t il £iit un volunt, et ne done lucan Ic^gaoiea al lai 
servants nel al ascun autcr dc se.** amies ; et il fuit sopuU apad IXidlav- 
ton in Cheshire, Ion son primer fern fuit 8i*pult dcvaat,et la fbit «n 
sermon ft iiul grand preparucion ne provision pur ascun djoner. Et 
fuit iuscnlpc nur son torobe : Orimur, morimur, qai non precedunt 

Tbr King's progi'eas to Scotland, ^itli a full account of his reeqition 
at York, 

lG18.-*8peoch of Mr, Iliggius, Beadin' at Gray's Inn in Lent 

1G19, Xoveinber 14. — Death of Serjeant Sir Charles Cltborae. 

Death of justice Crooke. 

]6;n. — Caseft of Lord St. Alban's, Sii' Francis MidieOy and (tnerc 
full}) of Sir Henry Yelverton. 
Doath of judge Warburton. 

XX. DiARV OF Jri)<;K IIl'tton; Vol.2. 

[ Xo. 18 ; 61,] in 4^ ff. 90. — Second volnme of tlie Journal of Sir Rich. 
]Iuitou, extending from Hilary Ttrm 20 .las. 1. (I(i23) to Uiianr Term 
14 Charh^ I. (4 Feb. Ilk)])) ai'd ending only tbree weeks belore da 
writers death ; written in the sjime niixture of law- French and Englitih 
M« the preceding volume. The entries relate chiefly to legal matters ; 
the ap|>ointmenti« of jud;^es and K|>eerhefl therenpon, ftc. ; the ealb eC 
scTJennts, he. : and among*rt them the following may R|»ecia]ly be mtod. 

162.'{, Oet. IH. — Long aomunt of the creation of Scrjoanta, vitli **oo 
bon and ^rave sp«'ech *' of Judge Hobort. The speeches on attb—quant 
like ocaisions are aUo re|)oried. 

W2\j Feb. (>. — Account of the deatii of judire Houghton. 

]{\tii, Feb. a.— Sudden death of judge Winch. 

1625, Apr. 6.— Deatli (»r Sir Laurence TanlielJ. Death of joitiae 
(Mmniberlcd, ** unfortunate in hon nniria<;e al Lady narklyi pour il 
il pay 6,<«0/." Acc-ount of the death of Sir John Hobart. 

1620. — Mich. Consultation of the judges on the .Mub^dy loann. 

S|)fecb of «erj(iiBt Richardson on lx*ing miule (\J.K.B. At biftfluriiil 
tliat !r* bail u|»oii hi** knet^ K';^g*'<l the King not to prumoto M^ 
Ilutton write!* in the niar^rin, " Vix ercdcnda cani>.'' 

lG*J<i, Dci-. 0.— J)f«tli i^ s« rjiMHit havin, 

lt'>28.~I>«^h of judge Doildridge. 

162f*. — Death of -crjeaut <M'\iij. Account of the death of it 


\h'M\ May 21), June 26.— Kirth :i)m1 haptiMn of IVincr (*Wk«w 
l><iitli* ot' MTJiiini Ailio and Sir Tbonm> l^tkc, and on 16 Kov, of 
Sir John Walter. 

16:Jl.--l)ettth of Sir Kicholas ll\de, L. C. J. 


16*2, Aig. 2.^1>e«th of judge Harvey. _ 

i6S3.-— Birth aod baptism of James, Dnke of York. '^L'^rdieTesqiie GK7mii«T,Be4. 
d'Canterbury luy bapiise, et il ad un exceedin^y rich cope, et fa "*^ - 

faeroDt IWchevesqae d'York, et Tevesque d'London, Tevesque d'Ely^ 
et i'ewBqae d'Oxon, in faire and rich copes luy assistant.*' All the 
singers of the Cfaapel Royal were there, and the best from Westminster 
*^ and exceUent anthims and musick." 

1634^ Jan. 19, — Death of Serjeant Crew. 

DeaitlM of Attorney-General Noyo and Sir John Cooke. 

Sept. 13. — Discharge of L.C.J. Sir Robert Heath. 

Death of serjeant Towes. 

1635. — ^Death of the Earl of Portland, Lord Treasurer. " Ef, come 
il fuit atRrme, il fnit reconcile al Esglise d'Rome, et fuit un Roman 
Catholtqire, et ad extreme unction, et que Sir Toby Mathews fuit ove 
luy in son sicknes, et labor que il moricra del Romish religion." 

16^. — Deaths of viscount Savage, serjeant Ashley, Mr. Mason, 
Recorder of London, and Sir Walter J?yc. 

1636. — Death of Sir Julius Caesar. 
Burial of the Earl of Carlisle. 
Death of serjeant Hitcham. 

1637. — ^Deaths of serjeant Hedloy, serjeant Thynn, and Sir U. Cal- 
tliorp, Attorney of the Court of Wards. Account of the successor 
of the latter, Mr. Rowland Wandesford. 

1638. — Visit of the Qveen <of France; the Judges go in State to her 
on 5th N<»vettiber* 

1639, Jan. 6. — Death of Sir John Denham, Baron of the Exchequef. 

The writer gives the characters of idl the persons whose deaths he 
commemorates. The whole journal is one that deserves printing, say 
by the Camden Society. 


[Ko. 104. 1.] ff. 1-13. — A few miscellaneous rough notes on coins, 
wiUs (a table of forms used in their beginnings, from 13?0 to 1488)^ 
obits, &c. ; and notes on a few manors in JNorfolk. 

if. 14-21* — Extracts from Sir Symonds D'Ewes' Autobiography^ to 
ibe rear 16S2. 

C. 22.-^Notos ontof adiary in 1627-35 of the first years of the writer's 
married life ; beginning with a mem. from '* fol. 106," that on August 6, 
1627, his wife ^'escaped drowning with mee"; notes of family and ' 
penxMud fasts, removals from and to Albury, Stow, Islington^ Lavenham^ 

ff. 34-44. — Depositions and other papers relating to a quarrel 
^ween Sir Richard Gipps, Knt., of Great Welnetham Hall, Suffolk, 
and John Hor%'ey of Ickworth, in 1702. 

ff. 49-50.— On the evils resulting from drinking impure water. 

ff. 51-82. 1699-1707. — Miscellaneous notes by severul hands (partly 
by Sir R. Gipps) of antiquities found in Suffolk (Welnetham, Huiideu, 
^c.), Befls (Sandy), Devon, &c., with notes out of a MS. of the 
-^tiquttks of Exeter " penes Mr. Lord of Devon.** 

ff. 88-86. 27 Elix., 1640.—** A collection of scA'erall orders o«t 
of the register of Graies Inn in relation to casting into commons, &c.'' 


1188.01 ff. 87-88. 1707, June 10.— *< Of tho French prophets or CftodMrB.*' 

GvSirKT'Eil^. fT. 89-117, 150. — MiscellaneoQs antiquarian note« and poUtiad papers 
. "^ including various speeches in Parliament, 1677-9 ; aoconst of the 

proi'Ianiation of Charles 11. and his entry into London, with an aoeount 
of what puHsed liotween him and father Iluddlestone on his dcftth-bed ; 
copy of the will of Tliomas Baker, of St. John's College, Cambridge, 
17.'{7; Sir Clement Ileigham's epitaph in Barrow Church, Sofiolk. 

f. 148. N.D. — Account of a search made at The Ccmbe, Hereford* 
shire, a house believed to be the Jesuit college of St. Xarier, and of the 
librnry and papers found there. 

ff. lo2-3. 1553. — *'The communycation had betweoe the liadj 
June [(iroy] and Fecknum ij tlayes befoi*e she was beheaded, written 
word for word fourth of her owne hand." A cofitemparary paper. 

if. 163-1. 1563, July 10. — Con tem|>orary copy of Lad j Jane 6rey*t 

if. 164-9. 1676, July 21, Galway. — Original instmctioDS to Thomas 
Lt'C Strnunge, Est}., Thomas Dillon, Es<i., and Capt. Williftm Collyar, 
from tho I^ord Deputy <^f Ireland and the Council, for their oooduct as 
ComniLssioners for tho pix)vinec of Connaught ; and commiflBion to the 
snmo for the supprcssjion of the rebellion of Ulick and John Burck, the 
sons of Uicliard, Karl of Clanricard ; signed by Sir H. Sjdn^, the 
Di'puty, Sir W. Dniry, Sir Edward Fitton (Fylon), Laces Dillon, 
and Francis Agard. 

f. liVd, 16H8. — '* A longe made by her Majestie, and songe before 
her at her cominge from Whitehall to Powles through Fleete 8t[rete] in 
Anno Dunnni 1588,'* '* songe in December after the acatteringe of the 
Spanishe Navy." 

Begins, ** Loke and bowe downe thyne care O Lorde." 

Three hix-line stanzas. 

if. 101-163. 16HI, March 7.— Keport of n consultation at the Lord 
Treasun*r*8 Iioum*, whether thr (jutien's Majesty ahonld enter with 
forces into Holland and Zealand to give aid to those provinces agaiort 

the King of Spain ur no. 

fT. 1G4-Uk>. 164)1, Aug. 27. The Hague.— <• Memorials on the 
iM-half of his Kxcelleney and the Genirrall St4ites, to Ik) observed by the 
ifOvcTiumr, collonrlis, and men of warre in Ostend.*' 

ff. 166 by Cj f/, V, — ** Suppliers Britonum libelli '* ; adialoffuein Latin 
vers*- U-t w(N-n H, a ino<h'nite man, 1^ a low, and I, a high or Tory, on the 
treaty of rtn^cht, with reference to an address from the city of Oxford 
to (^ueen Anne.J 

f. liX>. 1601, Aug. L'6. The Hague.— " Instructions for the hoa. 
Pi'trr d<^ SeiUeyni'st . . . lord of Coutt«MiictN, sargent major geDctBll 
cf th<* army of Staitcs going to ( )>tend '* ; aiidressed to Roger Lf* 
htraunge, at lIun>ton near Lynn. 

if. 16H-1()9. Ttmp. Henry Vlll. — Kcttfuns why a bill introduced into 
rarlianient for ri'gulating tho buying of wool should not patm. 

f. 170. i^l6'J4.J — .\rti(*l«"« pn>|iOMMl by the King of France relatife 
to thi* marriage of Henrietta >!aria to Prinn* Charles. 

[IT. 170 //, t\ 1714, >fov. 1. — Address from the Swedish 
in l>ondon to Gt'orgu 1. lAit,\ 

f. 171. 16:Jl»;-to:, March 3.— Ijitin speech of Sir S. D'] 
reply to an ndiirefis from the l>u)s of the Seh(N)l at Burj St. EdoiiUMl's 
when {>ii.s^ing through the town 9^ Sheritf of Suffolk. 


ff. 172-3. [1628.]— Latin speech of Mr. [Richard] Lowe, proctor at ^ ^'^^%JSmT 
Cambridge, to the Earl of Holland, (the Chancellor) and the French evun^BBQ. 
AmbaBBador. '^ — 

f. 174. b. [1293,] July 16, 21 Edw. L— Translation of an agreement 
between William, Bishop of Ely and his men of Stretham, on the one 
part, aod the sereral owners and their men of Waterbeach, on the other, 
respecting the common of pasture and the property of the soil in land 
between the two places. 

[Either the date or the name of the Bishop is incorrect. Bbhop 
William de Middleton died 1 September 1288, and was succeeded by 
Halph de Walpole.] 

f. 175. 1699, May 15. — Speech by Cox Macro before the Bishop 
of Norwich at Bury St. Edmund's SchooL Latin, f. 176. Another 
speech at the same School, without date or name. 

ff. 177-8. — " Pedigree," or line of descent, of Norton of Norwood 
Chastaigniers in Kent, to 1630. 

ff. 179-182. — Pedigree of the family of Bamardiston, of Eeddington 
and Witham, with copies of evidences, to the time of Charles I. 

ff. 183-186. — Heraldic notes, including the arms of Sir Eicbord 
Younge, of London, Knt. 

f. 1866. 1700. — Copy of a sentence of expulsion of Susan Orlebar 
uli€u Handley from a non-conformist congregation under Joseph Hussey 
at Colchester. 

£1 187. — Petition to the Mayor and Corporation of Norwich signed by 
thirty-three inhabitants of Repps cum Bastwick, praying them to appoint 
Mr. John Seaman their minister, in the place of Mr. Burton, deceased. 

ff. 188-9. — ^Pedigree of the family of Carew of Bickleigh, Deron. 

f. 189. 1721, March 26. — Account of an audience given to th» 
Turkish ambatrsador at Paris. 

Between ff. 190-214 are inserted, without foliation, a number ot 
trifling poetical pieces in English and Latin, including the following :— 

i. 1759, Dec. — Printed lines ''to the honourable General Townshend 
on his arrival from Quebec, by Mr. Lockman," given to Dr. Macro by 
the author. 

ii. 1760, Jan. — Verses for the Bell-man. 

iii. '* Baptizatio rustica," in Latin verse. 

iv. Odes to Independency, and to a Water-nymph, by W. Mason^ of 
St. John's College, Cambridge, not autograph, 

V. ** In illustrissimum infantem nuper natum " ; (on the birth of 
George III. ?). 

vi. " Rome's pardon ; a tale." 

vii. ** Ode to the morning, by Miss Pennington of Huntington." 

viii. *• The royalists letany." 

Begins, '* From sawing the crowne twixt fanaticks and firyers." 

Ix. Lines against the Earl of Clarendon. 

1. Begins, ** Mysterious riddle of the State ! 

To make king great by subjects hate." 

2. " The unexpected run, 
Count dear-undone." 

U 60050. T 


JonHniRT Begins, ** And art esoapM ? With all thy goatj Crimea, 

GvRvsT. Elf). Tliou haughty Dagon of the bribing times ? " 

X. '^The honest vicar of Tu(l[den]h[a]m " ; on his being refused 
preferment by R[ubert Butts, Bishop of] E[ly] for his vote at an Ipswich 

xi. Satirical lines on M. Byng's letter to Mr. Clevelaod, the Secrelarj 
to the Admiralty, with an account of the engagement off Port Mahon in 
May, 1756. 

xii. A Tiapland odo. 

xiii. *'The tiplin^ Divines, a new song, with notes; by the author of 
The tipling Philosopher, and set to the same tune** ; eighteen stanias. 

Begins—** Great Origen of the Greek Church, 
A Father most hearty and tnie.'* 

Stanza 18 begins — ** Old Sherlock once lov*d Jemmy best, 

A Tory was the pious man.** 

xiv. Bitterly satirical epitaph on Queen Caroline by Lord Cbeaterfield. 

Begins — ** Here lyei« un pi tied lK)th by Church and State, 
The subject of their flattery and hate." 

Followwl by an answer. 

XV, Latin lines by Dean R. Moss in prais<* of Thomas Sherlock's book 
on the use of prophecy, in 1726, and an English paraphrase by the same 
of Mosos' song in £xod. xv. 

xvi. ** A fragment, in S]>encer*R stile *' ; by Edward Barnard, Fellow 
of St. John*s College, Cambridge. 

xvii. **An o<le on the victory at Ghidsmuir, Sept. 21, 1745**; 
twelve stanzas. 

Bi^jrin? — '* As over Glad8muir*H bloo<l-stain*d field " 
Scotiii, imperial (ioddess, flew." 

At the end is this note : *' This ode was wrote by a person in the rebel 
army after th(* buttle nt Privston-panp, and many copies of it dispenM at 
Derby whilt? they wen» there. The genius of the author — whomnar he 
was — wems to have merited a b«»tter subject.** 

xviii. Fnur satirical lines on an English i>eer, by ** Count GiUeoborg 
the Swedish envoy, manu propria,** 

xix. ** In Mi'lvinum poetam ini^ignem ytvtBXtmccp** 

Int«Tsj)ersed amongst these verses are various epitaphs : — 

i. On Key. Mr. Evans, of Windham, Norfolk. 1751. Latin. 

ii. On Dr. Jow-ph Beaumont, by Mr. Woodford. 1G*>9. Laiim* 

iii. On Samuel Horn, M.A., by Dr. ]^*auuiont. 163-1. Laiim. 

iv. On Samuel Battelv, a child. Latin, 

V. On Heneage and John Finch. 16S1-2. Latin, 

vi. Laudatory epitaph on Mr. •Jacob Butler, barrister, of Caiiibridg<e- 
hhins ralh-il ** 'f he Ohl Briton,*' gfven i»y him, with three lines id hia 
own handwriting, to Dr. Macn), l(i SepteuiU'r, 175G. 

vii. Sir l'l<»u<le>ley ShovtlV epitaph in Westminster Abbey. 

viii. FmnccN wife of Sir William Dawes, hart. 1705. Latm. 

ijc. Dr. '! honiaM Youn^, MhM<t of St. .luhn's College, Catufaridgv. 
1656. Latin, 


X. Edward Leede8, Master of Bury St. Edmund's School, written by joSsBMnr 
himself, with directions about his burial. Latin. Gurvst, Bsa- 

f. 196. — ^Laudatory chronological table of the events of the life of Sir 
William Dethick, Garter, to the year 1610, when he was 68 years old. 

Btfore f. 212. 1758, August 22.— Letter from John Lockman to Edward 
Godirej, esq., inclosing a song written by him on the taking of Cape 
Breton and the landing at Cherbourg, sung in Vauxhall Gardens. 

f. 212. 1708. — Biddle in verse about under-ground trees in the north, 
answered by Andrew Archer. 

f. 215. 1706. — Sketch of a hippopotamus, by T. Warner. 

f. 216. — Sketch of a marble monument on the outside wall of St. 
Laurence*s Church in Padua, with the inscription, commencing '' Circli- 
cus Antenor," 

ff. 219-220. — Engraving of a section of a " wonderlycke schip 

femaakt tot Rotterdam, 1653 " showing six paddle-wheels, with a 
IS. description in French. See Thurloe's State Papers^ Vol. I., 
p. 521. 

ff. 221-2. — ^Printed forms of the matriculation-oath and divinity 
declaration at Cambridge, belonging to one who was matriculated 6 July, 
1710, took the degree of LL.B., 10 Oct. 1709, and was created D.D. 
19 Nov. 1717. 

f. 224. 1650, May 25. — Order by the Parliamentary commissioners 
for the substitution of Mr. Francis Kowley as minister of Cawley 
(Cadeleigh, Devon ?) in the room of Mr. Heyward, ejected for 

f. 227. — List of twenty-one ** libri chymici MSS." in the upper library 
of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. 

f. 228. 1430. — Bill of fare at the Coronation-dinner of Henry VI. 

ff. 229-30.— Account of Sir Edward Coke. 

ff. 231-2. — Prophecy "found in an ancient house, in a parchment 
booke of Mr. Threshwel, Recorder of the city of Lincoln : copied out 
of the sayd booke, Sept. 22, 1608, by Iiconard Willson, late of the 
townc of Wardbovs," Hunts, and given by him to Thomas Deerisley in 

Begins — '* llier shall come a Kinge forth of the north to reigne in 
Brittaine, and he shall cry, peace, peace." 

ff. 233-5.— The will of Cardinal Bellarmine, 1621, I^Uin ; with 
an account, in English, of his death. 

ff. 243-4. 1573, May 16.— Declaraticm of the Assembly of the Polish 
Estates at Warsaw, of the election of Henry, Duke of Bourbon, as King 
of Poland. Latin. 

ff. 245-9. — Extracts from an Anglo-Saxon MS. in the Cotton library 
(now Nero A. ii.) with notes. 

1. *' Ratio decursus [t.e. ordinis liturgise), qui fuenint ejus authoros.'* 

2. '* Oratio Regis Athelstani, jam pugnaturi cum hostili excrcitu." 

3. •* Ode de victoria ejus." 

4. " Excerpta quaedam de flde Saxonum primasva.*' 

f. 249. — " Ad Scripturarum lectionem Exhortatio " ; in Anglo- Sax., 
from Bennett Coll. MS. 373. The following note is subjoined ; '' This 

I 2 


JoHMHi' ^* ^^^ preboe to the translation of some parts of Qeneais into Saxon bj 
OTnurvT. BtQ. Alfric the Monk to £athelweard Ealdorman, which is sett forth-^nl 
*" puto — bj Mr. Lile — quare — but this preface he never saw, as himself 

told me at Bennett CoIIedgc, August, 1628." 

ff. 253-4. 1667, Nov. 20.— Articles of impeachment of the £kri of 
Clarendon by the House of Commons ; with the dissent of twenlj«five 
Peers from the vote of the House of Lonls a^.^ainst his committal upon 
a general accusation. Twenty-eight names are attached to the protest 
as piinted in the lords' Journals, xii. 142. 

ff. 256-6. — *' Auncient privileges, franchises and liberties heretofore 
granted to Huj^h of Albany somtiuies Earl of Anindale, and lord of 
the manor of Castlerisinge." 

ff. 257-9. Temp. Elis. — Articles exhibited against Robert Harte» John 
Thurkette, John Church, and others, of Hennington, Snftolk ; and 
petition to Sir John Pophani, L. C. J. from Thomas and Ralph Cauntien 
accusing Harte, inter aiia, of sorcery. 

ff. 260-1. Temp. Eliz. — Two long prayers to the Blessed Virgin Mary, 
imploring her help and protection through the whole of life. 

Not foliated. — Lines '^on Mr. H. 's going to Hampton Coort" 

from Elstrcc '* to present his assize sermon to the P ss " ; addreaied 

to Rev. Mr. Baxter at the ESarl of CamavonV at Cannons. 

Not foliated. — List of medals struck in the reign of Qnean Anne, 
in number twenty-nine, with their prices. 

Not foliated, — List of the Cardinals in 1721, distinguishing their 

Not foliated. — French account of the siege of Corfu by the Turks. 

Noi foliated, — List of all the persons who visited the Prinoe of 
Tuscany wb^n he was in London in 1669. 

Not foliated, — Duties upon books imported from abroad. 

Not foliated, — Latin hymn, with a translation into Hebrew, for 
Christmas Day, by Nic. liters, with music for the Latin text. 

ff. 26H-71. — ^' Means to restraine the multitude, length and chai^ in 

r. 272. 1662, March 5.— Licenc«^ from the V ice-Chancellor of Ohb- 
bridge to Dr. Joseph Beaumont and three others dining at his tablet to 
eat meat in I^ent, |>aying 6«. 8<f., according to the statute, to the 
of the parish. 

Not foliated. 17a^>[-6], Feb. 25.— Copy of the warrant of Qaen 
Anne for the prorogation of Convoc^ation <m account of the difleraaOM 

Not foliated, — *' A modell humblie shewing how this natioD mj be 
vast gainers bj all summcs of niont>y given to his Miyestie vkhoot 
le^sninge the pren»g»tive,** by William Killegrew ; addressed to the 
King (Charles II.) and Pariiameut. 

Not foliated, — The Karl of ArundePs letter to Queen EliiftbeCh ia 
1589 on his purftosing to leave the realm. 

f. 281. 16H9, Dec. 13.— Petition to the Common Council of Bwy 
St. Kdmund's ligiuil by many of the free burgesses, complaining of tiM 
badness of trade and the |M»verty of x\\v town, and desiring tbeC the 
mlmission of fumfrners to traiie in the place may b«* stopped. 

f. 2s2. 1701, April 17.— Kxtmrt from the will of Benjamin Dod, 
linen-draper, of (*ornhill, London, din'cting that eTeryone ioThed to Us 


fanenJ shall have 28, M, to drink the health of his soul, '' on her joHvHmT 
jommey for purification in order to her eternal rest " ; candles to be Gvbwit, Bai. 
burned at his tomb for seven days ; no Presb3rter]any Moderate Low 
churchman, or Occasional Conformist, to be at his funeral or to have 
anything to do with it. 

ff. 283-4. — '< Maximes de la guerre k nouvelles, ou, nouvelles 
mazimes de la guerre." 


[No. 105. 2.] f. 1. [1477] 17 Edw. IV., June 15.— Inquisition at 
Norwich about a riot at Lutham upon the lajid of Roger Townshend, 
and the destroying '^ unum par metarum vocat. Shetyng buttys," &c* 
** e rot. membran. Tho. Woodhouse, mil. et bar., 6 Jun. 1627." 

f. 2. 1400. — Extract from the account-roll of the sheriff and 
escheator of Norfolk for the hundred of Freebridge. 

f. 3. 1430, March 24. — Conveyance from Sir William Porter, Bjit., 
to trustees of his manors of Tekyssovere and Manton, co. Rutland. 
'' Vera oopia ; exam. 3 Maii, 1634." 

f. 4. — ^Note of the will of Thomas Styward of SwafHiam, proved 12 
Nov. 1487. 

f. 6. — ^Knights' fees in the hundred of Frethebrigge, or Freebridge, 
" ex libro feodomm temp. Edw. II.*' 

ff. 8-11 wanting. 

if. 4, 12-18, 71-3, 84-5, 89.— Various extracts from records; 
charters of Henry I., II. ; notes from chartularies, and miscellaneous 
extracts ; fragmentary, and too numerons to be separately specified. 

ff. 1^22 wanting. 

f. 23. — Rough draft of some Latin verses, endorsed with Sir H. 
Spelman's name, apparently on the war in Holland. 

Begins : '' O Jani, tna Belgiaco fixa est in littore pnppis." 

f. 25. — " The prologe to the sixte dayes workes, written in rude 
Latin verse 300 yeares since, and thus translated into English by Sir 
H. Spelman, with whom the manuscript remaineth. 5 Sept. 1616." 
In duplicate. 

Begins : ^ O boundlesse thow, that all things doest dispose 
By sacred lawe, which no mutation knowes." 

f. 29. — Inscription to be placed over the chair of Camden's Professor 
of Ancient History at Oxford, and Latin verses to be set over Camden's 
•* picture or image." 

f. 31. — Nine Latin anagrams on the name '< Henricus Spelman," 
accompanied with devices for corresponding emblems, and explanatory 
couplets in English verse ; with five other anogi^ams unaccompanied. 
The series is extremely ingenious. The first runs thus — 

** An apple tree bearinge fruit, his blossomcs 1 -, • ? r 

and f^ves beiDge faUen. ^ Mem *e7u puUhra. 

Youths springe his leaves' and blossoms' beauty chaunts. 
But age's autumne ripe fniit-bearinge vaunts." 

The last is this : 

" A crosse upon death prostrate, and 1 r r • 

, . J ^ , "^ , , . ' , ' > Lachestn rumpens, 
his dart broken lyemge by j ^ 

Christ on the crosse quittinge his vitall breath 

For his elect, beecarae the death of death." 


]|88Loy ff. 32, 33, 34. [1338,] 12 Edw. III.— Notes out of an InqQintioa 

Ociiiit'esq. Al>out the d/kos in the Marshland of Norfolk, with the nomber of acres 
— in the several towns of Marshland. 

f. 37. — ** The declaracon mail by Jo. Fortesciie, Knt., uppon oertajne 
wrij^htinji^s sent out of Scotland aji:ainrit the King*s title to hia realmeef 

ff. 39-«52. — MiHcellancous notes: the title of Count in the Empire, 
with a list of various counts ; early Chief Justices in England ; chrooo- 
logi(*al notes of events in England, 1108-1153, &c. 

if. 53-4. — Description of Norfolk. Begins, *^ Norfolk is an island 
cnclyning to an ovall forme.*' The original copy, with alterations. 

f. 55, — Notice of Lynn. 

ff. 50-60. — Part of the Domesday account of Norfolk. 

ff. 61-G3. 1G32.— "Of the Flt-et and Warden"; account of a 
dispute thereupon between the Commissioners of Enqnirj and the 

f. 61. 1()00[-1], Feb. — List of all the prisoners in the Tarious prisons 
in London for the Earl of Essex's rising. 

See Rrport on MSS. of the Duke oj Rutland^ in Appendix^ Part IV ^ 
to the Ticelfth Report of tht HUtorical MSS. Commission, pp. 867-9. 

f. 65. — "The names of the [22 J anti<]uarie8 which did meele 

f. 66. 1571. — " Tonchinge the commitment of the Dake of Norfolk" ; 
a vindication of the proceedings against him. 

Beg., ** Good men and evill delighte in contraries." 

ff. 67-70. — Lifo of Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, to the beginning 
of the reign of Henry Vll. iMiin. A rough draft. 

f. 74. 1018, August 15.— De8c(*nt of Ivlward Paston of Thorpe 
from the families of Legh of Stockweli, Surrey, and Worseloy, showing 
four generatiouh of Legh ; with eight coats of arms in trick. ^ Cz 
stemate |HH*uliari Edw. Paston, ai., a Somersete, al. Glover, hanldo 
componito ei(iu«* dato. Transcript um.** 

fT. 75-80. — Accounts in I^tin of Thomas, NichoUi^ and Simon 
Sty ward or Steward, with notice of a peiligree of the Stewarts Iran 
fianquo. The following note is subjoined : ** 'Diis al>ove written wm» 
copied out of the transcripts of a piulegree in the hands of Doctor 
Stewards now in the Fli*et, 21 July 1632, t(» !« added unto the roll of 
St4*wanl's {M'tegree bt^longing to Sir Henry Sp4*lman." Other nottf 
of desotMit of the family of Stywanl of Norfolk and Suffolk (ending 
with Thomas Sfjelman), c<>pi(*s of dettls, and anns. 

f. HI. — Arms in trick of the families of Ilobart, Den, and Sea, and of 
Sir John Sfi^'lman. 

fT. s2-3. — Notice of a s(M>ii'ty, or ccmbinittion, in Norfolk called Tkt 
Landhu^ers^ for buying up miinois aiitl lands, and retailicg them in 
parcvls, *'ev#*n to hingU* acres, tending to tlu* destruction of the gentry 

[&c.] the making of a |)arity bt'twene gentlemen 

yeomen and them mhich U*fijn» wen* lal>oringi* men.** The 
the buyt rs, (\io|>cr and S)m)Mlnm. List of nine manoni, and 
with lands, !M>u;:lit Uy them. 

(f. hH-7. 7Vni/». tlfinich L — Kough draft of suggi'st ions for 
thi* PUiniatiou in New England by M*nding thither, under 


43 Elis. c. 2, idle and vagrant children to be bound apprentices to the j^^f^^H^ 
President and Council of New England, a stock of money being raised, Gubitbt, Esq. 
as provided for by the statute, by the overseers of parishes for the 
purpose, the charge for furnishing forth each child, the voyage and 
maintenance for each child until its labour become profitable being 
estimated at not lesa than 10/. The paper opens with an earnest 
complaint of the idle and useless lives led by many gentlemen who have 
neither fortunes nor employments befitting their birth, and a repre- 
sentation of the field opened by the new colony for multitudes now 
living at home in idleness and want, in consequence of the increasing 
population *^ theis later yeeres .... especially by the happinesse 
of our universall peace," and who suffer their children *'to runne idly 
npp and downe, in breaking of hedges^ gathering of woolle, pelting of 
shepe, and in harvest tyme gleaning and filtcbing of come, and such 
other leaud or worse courses, seking also their meate from house to 

f. 88. — Will of King Henry II., ** as it is entred in an old MS. in 
Mr. Fanshaw's office." 

ff. 89, 90. [1345], 19 Edw.IlI.— " Carta pardonationis Joh. filii Tho. 
de Tylney, militis, pro morte Joh. filii Tho. de Eeynham." 

f. 92. — Latin speech by Charles Darby, fellow of Jesus College, 
Cambridge, delivered nt some school [St. Edmund's Bury?]. 

- f. 93. 1715, June 3. — Confession made as penance in the parish 
church of Ely, by William Gunning, clerk, and Mary his wife. 

f. 94. [1520-21], 12 Hen. VIIL— Extract about liberal entertain- 
ments given by John Briggs, brewer, Mayor of Canterbury. 

ff. 95-6. — " Explication mechanique des larmes de verre." 

ff. 97, 97*. — ** Description du tresor de Saint Denis." 

f. 100. — Short extracts from a MS. of Capgrave's Life of St, 
Katherine with a copy of notes by Spelman. 

f. 102. 1702, August 2. — Story of St. Bernard and the devil about 
eight saving verses in the Psalms ; '^ Ex Rituali in biMiotheca H. 
Spelmanni apud Congham in com. Norfolciss." 

f. 103. — Contents of a MS. volume commencing with '< Vitas 

ff. 104, 105.— Catalogue of 125 MSS., apparently those in the 
possession of Spelman. It includes, '' Kegistrnm Bamseite, mutil." 
[now Bodl. MS. Bawlinson, B. 333], '' I^jgist. Jo. Boon abb. St. 
Edmundi," of the Conquest of Ireland, with James Young's Treatise on 
Government [now apparently Bodl. MS. Rawl. B. 490], '* Poirce the 
Plowman," Capgrave's Poems. 

ff. 106-7. 1634.— Account of the descent of the abbey of Stratford 
Langton, at Bow, after the dissolution, through the family of Meautys, 
and the quarrels thereupon between father and son, to John Mills, a 
merchant of London " who now enjoyeth it, 1634." Signed, " Amadis 
von Wolflen." Followed by an account of its present inhabitant, Mr. 
Robert Sommerscall, once a counsellor of Gray's Inn. 

f. 108. — Account of the descent of the lands of the priory of Chirbury 
through the family of Hopton, and of the troubles and marriage- 
quarrels in the family. Noted, **Bec. of Lodwick Middleton de 
Churchstoc in corn. Mongomery, 9 Oct. 1633. H. Spel." 

ff. 109-117. — Similar accounts for the priory of Thetford and the 
/lunily of Clere ; the abbeys of Hales and Evesham and the family of 


MSB. OT Uobye ; notod, '* Rec. of Mr. Townesende, an attorney of Glooettershiie» 
OiSJl"". ^ ^'*y» 1627"; the monasteries at Lynn and John Eyer; Winch- 
— — ' ' combe Abbey, and several owners, es])ocially of the Lords Cbmndoa (in 
the handwriting of Mr. Townsend ; of a vision seen at Glastonbuiy, in 
5, 6, or 7 Jas. I., of the reinterring by abbots and monks of boMt 
sacrilegiously dug up, ** hk!. of Mr. Taylor, a divine of Oxford, 23 Sept 
1627 " : and of Nostell Abbey, Yorkshire, and the family of GargrsTet 
signed ** Roger Do<lsworthe." 

riho preceding accounts of abbey lands were collected by Spelmaa 
witn a view to his History of Sacrilege,) 

f. 118. — N'otice of Spearliavoc, abbot of Abingdon. 

ff. 119-121. — Copies of Anglo-Saxon and early English boundary 
registers in Surrey ; the *^ hida hoc '* of Chertsoy, the *' Landimere 
of the vifteene hide londe *' at Egham, and the *' Ix>ndiniere ** at 

f. 123. — A few notes by Spelroan out of his MS. of the Ramsey 

f. 125. — Ground plan of some land and houses of the abbey of 
Ramsey at " Gild in gore," distinguishing ** Native Ro. Stone/* ** Mes- 
suagium liberum Ric. Brad," ^'terrse libene Jo. Moore/' ^Native 
Titchwell," ** Native al>batis Ramsey," Ac. 

f . 126. — Extract **' Ex lib. fundationis monasterii de West Dereham" : 
charter from Hugh, Dean of York. 

ff. 127-9. — '' Fundatio, acdificatio et dedicatio ct dotatio eccleais et 
nionastorii tie Medeshamste<le, poatea de Burgo et Peter burgh,'* AJ). 
6^6 ; from the Saxon Cliron. [as contained in I^odl. MS. Laud 636]. 

fT. 130-1. — ''Oratio nobilissimi Regis Edgari revercndis patribus 
Dunstano et ceteris <*piscopis." ** Exomplar hoc inventum est in veteri 
libro script. int«T cn^teras cpist. in Cmnbrui." 

f. 132. — Wax impressions of four (undescribed) seals, R^?"*ft", 
monastic, and armorial. 

f. 13.^. [V2(nK] 1 .lohn, April 21. At Fulleham.— Grant from King 
John to the Al»bey of Spidding. 

f. 134. [1267], 3 Clem. IV., 2 Kl. Mar. London.— Brief from 
Cani. Ottol>onus to the Bishops of Lisniore and Waterford, directing 
them to excommunicate the Mayor and citizens of Dublin for enacCisg 
certain htatutes, limiting the offerings made nt the cnthe<lral cbureh, 4c. 
»S|,elinaii ndds this note : ** Ri*cepi has constitutiones a reverendisnino 
patre D. Jacolwi TssIht, Arcliiepis<"ojK» Armachano, term. I^rhf, 

ff. 136-240. — Liirp* miscellaneous collections and notes relating to 
the abbey of St. Kdmiind*s Hiir^' and the town .'ind eor|M)ration, partly 
by S|)elniaii, partly by Cox Macro, to tfie year 1730. Tliey include : 

i Two copies c»f a Latin p(H>m by Sptdnmn, ** Iconotypicuw Bunensis 
ca?nobii." 11'. 13J>-141. 

ii. KxtrHet^ from Ue^iMers ; f.^., lUnm in S|)elmair» Ubrary, Swaf* 
ham, ** ail Th<>. Kden, Doctor, in hoc anno 1G41,*' Walt. Pjrncbabec. 
IT. 152-/>, 173. 

iii. CHtah>;:uo of tlio aMK.t!.. iT, i:)H-U)l. 
iv. Notei* on the iil»bey ."eal. f. 171. 
V. The abU-v-niinl. If. 172, 179. 

vi. Of the franchise, pleas, courts, ff. 189-206. JohkHiwbt 

Tii. 1690, Apr. 3. — ^Letter from Robert Davers, M.P., to Alderman Gcmnr. Es^ 
Macro^ enclosing a copj of a petition to Parliament about the IxMrough 
electioBu ff. 207-10. 

Tiii. Drawing of the gateway-tower, f. 217. 

iz. Of the ancient names of the streets in Burj. ff. 234-6. 

The f(^owing printed papers are also to be found :— 

i. [1608], June 18. — Letter of James L authorising collections for 
the town on account of a fire on 11th April [1608] which destroyed 600 
houses. • Printed by Thomas Purfoot f. 213. 

ii. 1707.— Orders for the Charity Schools, f. 214. 

iii. 1680. — " The case concerning the election." f. 230. 

iv. 1680, Dec. 8.—" The case of St. Edmund's-bury, heard at the 
Committee of Elections." After f. 232. 

V. Statement of the case of Carr Hervey and Aubrie Porter, sitting 
members, against Jermyn Davers and Gilb. Affleck, petitioners, ih. 

vi. 1730. — '^ The fair candidate; by an English gentleman," %b. 

Tii. ** Notes concerning Bury St. Edmund, extracted out of the 
right hon. the Earl of Oxford's library by Mr. Wanley " ; 3 pp., foL 
J^er f. 233. 

ix. 1715. — Sessions' Orders about conveyance of vagrants. After 
f. 239. 

X. 1702. — Sessions' Orders about carriers' charges, id. 

xi. 1700. — Act for making the river Larke navigable. 

xii. 1721. — Orders for the well-governing the watermen on the 

ff, 241-244. — Forms used by French and English Kings, and by 
ecclesiastics, at the conmienoement of charters. 

ff. 247-265, 260-2. — ^Notes of Religious Houses ; the foundation of 
CaneweU, Staffordshire; Fumess, Colchester, Waverley; grants from 
Robert de Witefeld to Oseney,with sketch of seal ; catalogue S. transcripts 
made in three volumes from various monastic chronicles and chartu- 
laries, &c. 

ff. 264-5. — List of monastic registers existing in Gresham College 
Library, in the library of Sir S. D'Ewes, in the Exchequer, the Court 
of Augmentation, in the office of the Duchy of Lancaster, in Gray's Inn, 
and in the Office of Arms. 


[No. 109. 6.] p. 1. — Decrees of the Council of Enham, or Eynsham, 
under King Ethelred ; thirty-one chapters. 

Begins — "Be Pitkna IjErednessan. Dijjynban }>a3epsebne)7a." 
The printer's copy used for pp. 513-524 of vol. I. of Spelman's Concilia. 
Folio London, 1639. 

p. 9. — The inclusion (from " f. 58 " of some MS.) of a charter 
granted by Rob. Malet to the monastery of St. Peter at Eye. Ends, 
'' Ego Robertus Malet obtuli ecclesiae monachorum meorum et hac 
cbarta mea in perpetuum confirmavi." 

ib, ** De initio diversarura religion um," aL ** De fundatione ceno- 
biorum in Anglia " ; to the foundation of the monastery of St. Bennet 
of Hulme in A.D. 1016. ** Ex cronic. de Evesham penes Simonem 
Dewes, militem." Begins, " Exordium monastics religionis. 


Mss. Of p. 13. [1 194] an, 4, non. maii. — Bull of Pope C^lestin [HI.]* ff*n**^ 

GrBxir^FB^ to Will, de Celnnvile, the patron of the priory of Bromholm, roeaaiig 

' * '"*^' the priory from its Biihjection to the monastery of Acre, which has 

l>unlene<l it witli the maintenance of its lame, blind and infirin meraben. 

if,, — *<Charta JEtheldredi Recris de Sliaftesbury ; Ex Rcgutro 
Shaftonio;, penes Sir Sim. Dewes, f. 1." Printed in the Monatticom, 

p. 15. — '*Charta fundationis monoi^terii S. Job. Bapt., Colceatri% ei 
Registro abb. penes Job. dom. Lucas, lib. J., p. 1." Printad in the 

p. IG. — *' De fundationc S. Maris do Costleacra ; ex. Reg de Cattle* 
acra penes Sir Sim. Dewes.*' Printed ibid. 

p. 17.—^^ Fundatio Jorevallis; ex Registro de Bellalanda** f. 15. 
Printed ibid. 

p. 21. — ** Transcript artieulorum content, in privilegiia monaaierio de 
Ilicvall in a;;ro Kboracensi specialiter, seu ordini Cistertienai [in] generv, 
concessis et ibidem inveniendis." ThLs not printed in tho Mtmasiieom. 

p. 23. — ^ Principium, continuatio et finis episcopatua UagnstAldeaaiSt 
Tulgo Hexham, ut in cronica Haugust. scriptum est." 

p, 25. — "Exordium Cisterciensis ccnobii." 

p. 26. — ** Fundatio ab)>atim de Bi^llalanda." Begins, ** PrimordiiUD 
monasterii." Endn, ^^qiucob teiiium prolixitatis recusaTimua.** With 
a list of the abbots to 1335. On p. 29 is the line of family deaceni from 
William de Acclun, a l)enefactor. 

p. 30. — Extract about the liermitage at Throkenfaolt in Cambridge- 
shircy "ex Chartulario Abbatia; de Thorney fienes hodiemum comiteoi 
Westmorlandia;. 12 Sc»pt., 1040." f. liib. 

ibid. — '* Fun<iatio de Penteney in agro. Norfolc." Printed in the 

p. 31. — ** Fundatio domus fratrum de Blakeney, alias Sniterleyt in 
com. Xorf.'* Printe<l in the Monasticon, 

p. 32. — Notes *' de fundationt*, renovatione, et de<licatione monaaterii 
de Thorney." 

ibifi. — Commencement of the foundation -deed, l)y Rich. Smith, M.D.* 
of Christ's Hospital, in the city of Lincoln. 

p. 31. — List of the various rrlijrious ordiTs. 

p. 35. — ** Carta R. Kdw. Conf. abltaiias de llulmo in agro Norf.« ex 
Registro in Bibl. Cotton.** [Galba, E. ii.] Printed in the 

pp. 39-46, IbT. — Collections relating to the priory of Caithr acrr, 
Norfdlk, containinp trauK^ripts of various charters, and a UsI of pri 
<not printed in the Monttfticon) from Hugh, 2 Richard i. Co "^ 
Mailing, G Henry VHI. 

p(). 47. — Kxtmcts ** ex liliro Hinhani " : being a bull of Honorina IlL 
in 121s '*df omnibus liU>rtjitibus S. Albani," and a confirroatioo-dinnfr 
from Kdu'ard HI. to Hinhain in 1352. 

p. 51. — Not** of th<' fotindHtion of the abb<*y of Whalley. 

p. 53. — *• IK* initio iMirtioni"* dtx*«*<I<*ntiuin in Richemundshire.** 
•* Fuerunt antii{uituM viri di-votissinii IK»<i." 

pp. .W, 5f>.— Charters granted to the priory at Carowe, Norwich* hj 
Henry II., <&c. 


p. 50. 1363, Maj 4. — License from John, archbishop of York, for M8S.ov 
the removal bj Sir John Meaux of the bones of his great-grandfother xs^ott'eSq. 
Godfrey Meaux, his grandfather John, his father Godfrey, and his sisters ^~~ 

Scholastica and Joan from the church of Aldborough ('' Aldebrage **) 
Norfolk, to the priory of Hal tern prise, because the former is on such 
sandy soil near the sea that the remains of those buried there will in a 
short time be washed &wa,y, 

pp. 61-2. — Notes from the archiepiscopal Registers at York, 1248- 
1473 ; including, '' Forma tradendi corpus Regis ad sepulturam." 

pp. 63-ld9. — Large collections relative to the abbey of St. Edmund's 
bury, ** Ex Registro Albo, penes Rob. Bacon, baronettum " ; "Ex 
Registro priroo Will. Curteys, abbatis " ; ^* Ex libro magno regestrarii 
Will. Curteys ** ; " Ex libro pergameno in ouarto penes Rob. Bacon 
apud Redgrave"; ''Ex Cronicis Jocelini de Bucklond .... in 
libro coreacio in 4to penes Rob. Bacon, 1652 " ; Ex registro Joh. Lak- 
ingheth et Walteri Pynchebec ; " Ex magno libro pergameno tma 
coriacio operculo de Registro Will. Curteys, penes Rob. Bacon, 1650 " ; 
** Ex libro monachorum de Bury operculo coreaceo, in 4fo." Amongst 
these extracts occur the following : — '' Dimissio Joh. Lydgate, monachi, 
ab obedientia prions de Hatfield," p. 116; ''Extract, de libro vocato 
Parvo Domesday, qui est liber de recordo in Receptorio domini Regis 
London," 8 Rich. II., p. 147 ; " confirmatio libertatum civitatis Norwici," 
p. 149; "copia charts libertatum villse Jernemuth," p. 152; "charta 
libcrtatis ecclesisB Eliensis," p. 171 ; "copia liber tatis villae Colcestrias," 
19 Nov. 37 Hen. III., 1252, p. 176 ; list of registers and their contents, 
p. 148. 

p 189. — Four charters relating to Walsingham Abbey. 

pp. 201-280. — Further portions as it seems, of the copy prepared for 
Spelman's Concilia: — 

i. Ecclesiastical Institutes, with Latin translation, 45 chapters ; pp. 
686-617, of the printed book, and pp. 470-488 of B. Thorpe's Anglo- 
Saxon Latet. 

ii. The constitutions of Canute, for peace between the Danes and 
English with Latin translation unfinished ; torfi. 

Begins, " In nomine Dni. Dij* ij* seo paedne }>e bitan ^epsebbon." 
Ends, " -] ful pulbop J^pym sefpe fy to |K)plbe. Amen." 

iii. The Constitutions of King Edmund at the Council of London ; with 
Latin tran-^^latiou. The reading? agree with those of the MS. marked D, 
but not specified, in Thorpe's Anglo-Scucon Latcs^ pp. 104-5. 

iv. The Canon*) of King Edgar, with Latin translation. Ibid, pp. 395* 

V. Of penances, penitents, and of poweiful men ; with Latin transla- 
tion. Ibid. pp. 405-415, beginning there, however, with what is the 
third section here. Our text begins ** Ylbe *] jeojube pelan -] pseblan." 

pp. 285-334.—" The Saxon laws of Ethelbert and 

of Hlothere, Eadric and Wihtred his successors, Kings of Kent with 
other Saxon fragments," (from the Textus Roffensis), With a Latin 
translation by Sir H. Spelman. With the " imprimantur " of Sir John 
Bramston, dated 2 Feb. 1635, which includes also a proposed re-editing 
by Spelman of W. Lambard's *ApxaiovofAia. 

pp. 335-6. 1663-1667.— A leaf of miscellaneous notes. 


Jon^x Bhbt ^' ^^^' — l^^|>ort8 of the coming return of the Ten Tribes from 
•*rB!iiT. Bs^ IWUftry and Ethiopia, and their restoration at Jertualeai under one 
"^ liabina Nathaniel. 

ii. 1663. — Prognostications of Italian astrologers. 

Hi. Satirical political verses of forty lines entitled '' all things done bj 

Begins, ^* An honourable sale of Dunkirkc was made* 

The moncj well improve<l in an honourable trade.'* 

Ends, ^ An honourable report Lord Willowby is drown'd. 
And honorably believe our grandees are aground. 
An honourablt^ peace if now it could be bad 
Will cure our distempers that make us so mad.** 

iv. 1667, July 29. — The King's 8])ecch on proroguing ParliamenL 

V. List of the Committee of Parliament ap[>ointed to enquire into the 
Fire of London. 

|)p. 337-8. — Poem on tho death of William Jones, D.D., by Joseph 
Beaumont, of St. Peter's Collt»ge, Cambridge. 

Begins, " Farewell bright sparke of that etornall fire. 

Which lights the starrer; unto thy rest aspire/' 

p. 339. 1052. — Tiatin verses, signed S. C, *^ in tcnebricosum illaiB 
et norrendum cometam a 9 Dccembr. ad 25, 1G52, conspicuum," with a 
table of its degrees of ascension on each day. 

p. 341. 1654. — Latin lint's by Edward Voyce**in houorem Oliwn 
Cromwell nu|>errimc adcptum ** a dialogue b(»tween *' Musa " so^l 
" Author." 

p. 343. — *^ Democracy nun{>ant '* ; satirical lines written after the 

Bi*gins, ** When Khonilms with his faction did ride out. 
To be made tribuno of the holy rout.** 

Ends, " Yea they can silent Im*, though, when they list. 
On Charles his Marty nlome they are all whist. 
If you ask why they then have silent bcene ? 
They and blind Milton (know) ne're thought it sin. 
Another day fills them with greater nie. 
The dark ami disniall dav of liartholmew. 


For 'tis with them thought a more heinous thing, 

To silence tfuhjectn than to kill the King. 

But if th*opinion long be lett ah>ne, 

Thr Tub will b«' jjecurer than the Throne." 

p. 217. — Con^rratulatory Latin liiu"* by Kdwanl Voyce to CroowiT*' 
on the peatv with Holland. 

p. 349. — Satirii-al verses on Cromw<'irs disjudution of the Long R^ 
liament ; hi'ade<i, "The House out of doore:», to the tune of CooB^ 
[Cock J Lawri'll." 

Begiti>, ** Will yi>u lu-are a ^traIlgl• thin^ ne\er hoard of betofl, 
A ballard ot newes witlmut any lies? *' 

pp. 351-3SL\ — A !«eries of pa|M'r. relating to the Universttj of 

i. Two Latin iM»€?nis on William Wliitaker, D.I)., Keg. ProtDir. ; 
.d a lintidn-d and twi'nty lin«'s hea«h>4l ** I>e religiosa pieque acta ri^ 


doctoris Whitakeri,"* die olfaer of m kindred aad fiflr Edb^ <'De morte jonlSxr 
beata cum rita saneta ooamiitata doctora Wbitekesi.'' 

ii. Printed Nodoes in 1705-1717, mboat the ^scommonii^ of the 
Mayor and olhen, fortndtfing attndaiiee at Stoarbfidge &ir withoot 
leave, and about visits of Qveen Aaiie and Geoip I. 

iii. Beplies to thirteen artides of enqnirj aboot ohaerrance of Statstes 
and maintenance of discifJine ; after the Bestoraxion. The first artide 
has reference to the Kin^^s InjonctioD lor deliTerr of sermons bj heart. 

iv. SjDopsis of the contents of the three parts of Harems MSS. Col- 
lections of the University Charters^ Ac. 

V. ^ Mr. Baron's designe for eor Phjaek Garden." 

vi. Dr. Bentley's proposals for the management of the Universitj 


vii. '^ A surveigh of the ling's Djke — as it now Ijeth — tmkoi the 
23 day of Jane, 1629, by Edwmnl Pond,** on pardmient. 

pp. 383-4. NJ). — '^ Petition of att least a hundred persons 
inhabiting within the three handreds of Newp(Ht Pagnell," Backs, to 
the Committee of the Lords and Commons of the Eastern Association, 
praying for repajrment of near 3,0001. lent to Major*G^neral Skippon 
when Sie garrison of Newport PagneD was first established. With the 

p. 386. X.D. — Draft of a warrant to the high constables of the 
three hundreds of Newport to engage men for ten days for demolishing 
the fortifications of Newport^ porsoant to an order of Parliament <^ 

6 August. 

XXIY. Miscellanea. 

[No. 110. 7.] — ^Relating to the reigns of Elizabeth, James I., and 

Charles I. 

ff. 1-12. [1640.]— Report by Sir Thomas Roe to the House of 
Commons of the Declaration niade by the Earl of Bristol to a com- 
outtee of both Houses of the proceedings with reference to the treaties 
^th the Scots at York and Ripon. 

ff. 13-22. [1640, Nov. 3.]— "The Lord Keeper's Spaech " at the 
opening of the Long Parliament, with a narrative of the proceedings of 
^e Council assembled at York. 

^.233. [1625, June 18.] — Speech by Charles I. on opening his 
first Parliament, about supplies for carrying on the war in the 


. ff-24,2d. [1640.]— Petition of the Scots to the King after their 
iiivasion of England, with his reply referring the consideration to the 
f^Iiameot. Imperfect 

ff 25-29. [1628, Apr. 3.]— Speech by Sir Dudley Digges on 
opening a conference between the two Houses on the liberty of the 
^^ea and the right to the writ of Habeas Corpus. Printed in 


f- 30. 1623, March 23. — ^Declaration of James L in Parliament 
'^'pecting the war in the Palatinate. 

ff- 32-146. 1624. — Collection of papers relating to the proceedings 
against the Dnke of Buckingham, beginning with the Earl of Bristol's 


MR8. ov petition to the House of Lords, and including the inipeiichmenty the 
«rR5iiT*KtQ. sp*^*^!^^' on the part of the House of Commons, and the Dake*s 
— reply. 

fT. 147-15.1. 1624.— Relation of the Duke of JBuckingham about 
the Spaniph match, abstract of letters from the Earl of Bristol, Ac. 

f. 154.^S[)eech of Prince Charles about supplie» for the German 

f. 155. 162.3, March 23. — Speaker's speech at the presentation of 
the subsidies to James J. 

Xot foliated. — Letter from father Philips, the Queen's confnuor, to 
Mr. Mount Ague in France, read in the House of Commons 25 June, 
IC-ll, with the articles of his impeachment. 

f. !."(». 1627, Nov. 7. — Order in Council for the restoration of 
Jcffory Neve vi» an alderman of Yarmouth. 

ff. 157-170. 1636. — Information exhibited bj Sir J. Banks agaia«t 
Dr. John Hii.stwick, Henry Burton, and William Prynne. 

AT. 171-190. 1638, April 28.— Argument of Rir Richard Hutton 
coucorning Ship money. 

IT. 192-2()5). 1628, April 3.— Mr. Littleton*s argument at the first 
conference with the Lords concerning the lil)erty of the person, out of 
Acts of Parliiunont and authorities of the law expounding the same. 
Printed in 1(>42. 

if. 211-229. — Argument of [John Seldcn] at the same ounferencf* 
out of preccdentH of record and reitolutions of the judges. At the eno, 
** Kx». jMM" Jo. Wrighte." Printed with the preceding. 

(f. 232-239.— Substiinct* of the objections of the Attorney-General to* 
the prcre4lino argument. 

ff. 240-245. 1640, Dec. 2.— Petition of William Prvnne to Parliament 

fT. 24f>-249. — '* Fiom Northamptonshire. Grounds of exoeplion^B 
against the Oath require<l in the 6th canon establisht in the Synod 

tf. 249-2.'>l, 1640, Sept. 16. — Devonshin* exceptions and pecilio 
ngain>t the same. 

fT 2.'»2-3. 1640, Sept.— News from Newcastle, 11 Sept., and fi 
York, 10 and IS Sept., alx)ut the movements of the Scots and conditi< 
of the northern counties. 

f. 2,34. 16n-f2], March 1.— Messii-o to the King from a C< 
mith^t* ofbcth Ilonses ii)K)Ut the present <langers of the Kingdom. 

f 2o.'>. 16H-r2], Mareh 2.— Th.- Kin;:'8 hiiMwer. 

///. fame ilatv, — Onler nf iMith Ifousi*i< for {.uttiiig the Kingilom in ^ 
state of ilef«'iiee. 

If. 2.>6-2f»l. 1642. Ai»ril 1 1-lH.— Diurnal <Hciirrences, or the hnS^ 
of |ipK*4'edin:^.'4 in PnrliHin«-nt. 

ff. 262-271. 1642, Mav 30— June 6. . 

f. 272. 164'). Atijr. 1 N«»Ta^tle. — Answir hy the King to ib^ 
pro|M»Mtions dclivcn-d hy the Ctiniini««.*'ioMfrs of the Parliaments o^ 
Knglnnd and So »t land. 

f. 27:<. 1616. Jmu' IH Xt-weJi^tle. — (.'uiiv ot a letter from the Ki 
to I>r. llud»on« di-^irin;; liim tu advertise all the IovaI govemort of hi 


remaining towns and forts that he wishes them to make their com- MSS. or 
positions upon the best terms they can. Gu^vr* Esq. 

f. 274. 1596, June 21.— **The advantages that Her Majestie hath 
gotten by that that passed at Cales." 

f. 275. [1593 ?] — " The causes of my longe imprisonmente " ; lines 
by Peter Wentworth, [M.P.] 

B^ns, " The causes are, in feare of God. 
I sought to shoone a cruell rod 
From sacred person, royalle ; 
From Church and State a flat downfall." 

f. 276. — *' The state of the land as it was in the latter end of our late 
Qaenes Government. 

The Lordes craved all, 
The Queue gave all, 
The Pnrlament passed all, 
The Keper sealed all. 
The Ladyes cf Honor ruled all. 
He that was, sett himself against all, 
Mounser Bye-roome marde all. 
The crafty intelligencer heard all. 
The Judex pardoned all. 

And except your Majestic mend all, without the mercy oi 
God the devell will have all. 

As is reported, lett fall to the Kinge in the Cocke pitl. 

Sir, I pray you lett not this or the other be shewed but to discrete 
frendes, for that it is not knowne by whome they were made, or howe 
they will bee taken." 

f. 277. — The sentence in Parliament for the execution of David, 
brother of Llewellyn the Prince of Wales. 

ff. 278-9. 1596> May. — ** A coppy of the league betwene the Kinge 
<>f Prance and the Quene of England." 

f . 280.—** The Scottishe de Cocke aille aisue." Endorsed, ** The 
^kottish Cock a delane." Twenty political lines. 

Begins, *' Sike warre and wrange whou ever saw 
And unkeathes strauge as male belawe.' 
Ends, ** And wee pure Scottes will ligge alouf. 

And crie, you arme (?) for our behouf." 

f. 281. — ^Triplet, Latin and English, on Mary, Queen of Scots. Begins, 
^ Hegibus orta, auxi Keges, Reginaque vixi.*' 

f. 282. — 1607, June 9. — Pioposal for the better settlement of the 
^rder-districts of England and Scotland. 

ff. 283-^292. 1350. — Names of the principal captains, as well noble- 
men as knights, that were with King Edward HI. at the siege of Calais 
1^ the 25th year of his reign. 

ff. 292A-304. 1344-47. — Rates of wages in peace and war, house- 
hold expences, soldiers, fleet, &c., of Edward III., according to the 
accounts of Walter Wentwage, Treasurer of the household, from 21st 
^Pril an. 18 to 24th Nov. an. 21. 

ff. 307-311. — Extract from the " Croniques de Beiges** about the 
ordinances of arms made by Brunhault, King of the Belgians ; with a 
'^^t of the coats of arms borne by the old Flemish families. 



Mss. ur If*. 313-:{21. — A Inti- Rrtvontli-Ci'tihiry list of En;^lish knights 

Jir"»»:T*Ki. the ainis boriu? by ilii*in, arranj^c*! iiinlt?r their sevfial counties. Im- 
** p«'i*fect lit the h(*;];iiinin;:; tlie li^^t niiineM proluihly lK*loug to Yorktfliire, 

thr mirtliLTii count ii*< liciii;; wuntiii;;. 

li*. 322-:i. : l.'i<>(»l /i/<.2, Spt. n^.^PnK'lamation of Queen Eliabeih 
'*A<rnyiif't broakinrr or il(>rarin«r of inoinnncntes of antitiuile, Viet'ing ael 
U]> in cliurches or other ])ublitiuc phices fur iiioiiiury, and not for super* 


iT. :J2.";-:{36. l/il»l», Nov. 23.— Two copies of Francis Tate's account 
of the various iliineiisioiiH mid measures of lund in F^ugland ; followeil 
by nuotluT cojjy of tlie first three iMi*;es. 

if. 338-314. — '* An iiecount of >nch MSS. wliieh Sir Simonds Dewei 
bimjzht, tlie yearf when lire pureliascd thrni, tlie |>creonM uf whom, and 
tlie prices, wr«>te out of hi^ lu-eoiint bookes in octavo marked AAA.'* 
Thr <hitr> of purehH>«' extend from lf)23 to 1G39. The only unmes 
(fiven of pernios fri»n) whom they wen^ !«<Mi^ht are thoMs of Dr. Dtv, 
from wiiom many wcrt' obtained, and William (^iishaw, H.D.y from whoa 
•• J'suitirium cnm triplici ybtxsn ** was l>ou^ht in 1626 for lOc. 

if. 3t.i-3.i(). i(;()3.— Copy <d' the roll of knights made by Jamef I. 
in thiit year. 

f. 3:)1. l<>()3-32.~. Names of knis^hts of Norfolk, «' with some of 
othre plaecs/' made fn»m Ui03 to 1632. 

tl'. 3.'i2-3oi*. 1617-1!'. — M>t of thr knights nnule in theiM* yusn*. 
with dativ. and nanieij of ]>hiees ; i»i«rned " I!i. St. George, Norwy '* ; 
foU(»wcd bv a eopv. 

• s • 

A rou;zh liM of the contents by Hev. Osmond de lieauvoir lies loose in 
the volume. 

XXV. Mist 'ELLA NK A. 

^No. 112. fM iT. 1-lCVS.— »*('aiiMs in Chnnneerie, pithercd by Sir 
(i«'n!L''' Carve, nn<> t»f tlu* Ma^tfrs of tin* Chainicrrye, an 1601, out of t^* 
labour^ of Mr. William JjimlMMt and hi^ owii«*.*' With an alphabet!^ 

iniii'X of Mjbjrl't**. 

tr. 107-2;i6, ///*// 2:m- 262. — »• Libi-r KMeactorum omnium ix»mit«tau*'| 
in AnL'lia a ti'ni|Mire llcnriei ]iriiiii n^<|ne nd annum «K'tnvum UwtC^* 
seen lull." At tlu- end an* addrd on if. 23T-<i2. s« m«' notes of esrhrals ^° 
I)«'Von and Cornwall up to 7 lli-nry VI. *'e\ iibro evidi«ne. rulleft. p*^' 
liad. Hi'ooke* iinpir Kixir. hcroalihiiii, reiiianen. in iimnibus TbocS*' 
Culf, di- Intrri <ri Teynplo, ;:i-ii." 

ir. 26^1-2^7. (Ttmj., Kii/.r) — TaMr (anaiipii in columns) of gran '^ 
of ii-n-i'^ of crown-laiHls. uihIci tin* M'vi-ral riMintier*. 

f. 2^^ li;in -Stati-riiint of tin- kiii;:ht>' feiM contained in tt»' 
niiinnr of liokiTin^'*', thi* priiifipal inannr of tlir liaronv of Rve, with ^^ 
otfi-r >ul>niitt«tl to >ir Kraiirj*. I<i>\i II. knt.. the lord, to make an tiM^ 
('nlliTtioit i-t tlio-i" tir- diit of il.r ii-cnnl*. in tilt* Tower, Kxchenuer, s**^ 
Chane* rv. 

ff. 2V*-2*.»2 — Noii-^ nn<i.k''- i\p!ari:iii«tn< in the /luri'm/er of tl»^ 
won!"* /i'/iimW/, ///i/i, and v ttrtrtum, \\\\i\ Thr tfrmiiiution inge xn ptor^" 
iianit'-. wliiT'' tlie wr:'ir iiiLiit.nii^ li:«< prr-nnal eonversation with Co^' 
on thr -ul'i' et. 

t!. -J!*.: r». \{V2^ -\*\ r:i|..i. a bsi^-lirl and roll mfa.«8rs 
u-i 'I f«'r rnrn :tt Kiii;'- Lujn. i* npinit»n, after giving • 


sommarj of the statutes about measures, that the town of Lynn j^^fiSm 
majr be indicted for it, or be liable to prococdings in Parliament. {Gvbvbt.Bsq. 
li. ^Reasons considerable for maintajning and uphoidinge the con- *"" 

tiooance of the Bushell and Roll without alteration." I7th Feb. 1628. 

Not foliated. — ^Translation of a confirmation in 1678 by the Prince 
of Orange of privileges granted to the family of Semeins of Enckhusen 
in 1577, 1578, and 1589. 

f. 296.—" A plat of Sheemesse fort." 

Not foliated, 1684. — ^The confession of Thomas Berney, gent, 
ezecated 8 August for the murder of Thomas Bedingfield ; his admonition 
against drinking; and an epitaph on him. 

£F. 297-306. l^emp, Eliz.— Readings on the Statuto De foresta^ 
entitled, " What thinge doeth make a forrest ; howc a forrest is made ; 
^what things be iacidente to a forrest ; who may have a forrest ; and 
'what difference is betwene a forrest, chase, warren, and parke." 

Not foliated. 1684. — Address to James II. on his accession from the 
tliree English regiments in Holland. 

Not foliated, — Copy [by Thomas Baker, of St. John's College, Cam- 
t>rid;;ej of encomiastic verses, English and Latin, written by Bishop 
XIacket in a copy of Spenser's Faerie Queen given by him to the library 
of the University of Cambridge in 1609. 

Not foliated. — ^Description of some " Arabian medals," or coins, ** by 
Professor Lyke.** 

Not foliated. — '* Anatomia Europa :** Biblical texts, in Latin, applied 
to the several Princes, States, and leading personages in the time of 
Obtrles II. 

ff. 308-375. — Miscellaneous historical collections, written (in a large 
strtggling hand) in the time of Charles I. 

i. Kniirhts made by the Earl of Hertford in Scotland in 1544, 
r 308". 

ii. Two letters of advice from Sir Thomas Wyatt the elder, while 
embassador in Spain, to his son in England, ff. 309-11. 

iii. Profession of faith by Sir Thomas Egerton (son of the Lord 
Chancellor) when sick in Dublin, where he died 24th August 1609. 
f- 312. 

iv. Writing leflt behind him by Mr. Doddington, who threw himself 
from the battlements of St. Sepulchre's steeple on the morning of the 
^y on which a case against him was to be tried in the Star-Chamber. 
^- 312«». 

T. ** The virtuous and godlie ordering of the lioushold of [the] late 
f&rle of Bedforde, [vFrancis, the second earl; </. 16851 thus expressed 
^ a written table hanged up in his greate chamber." f. 313. 

yi. ** The edicte or proclamacon of James Geraldine [earl of 
^^^esmond] concerning the jnstnes of the warre which he tooke in hande 
for the Catholique futh." f. 315. 

Til. Preparations made by Philip II. of Spain for the invasion of 
^t^glund in 1588, " collected out of Thesoro politico." f. 316. 

viii. '* Colledgcs of English people beyond the seas ;" '^ collected out 
^ the Running Register set forth by Francis Owen, 1626." f. 317^ 

tz. 1623.— '* Jesuitts and Romish priests, &q. about London." 
^- 819. 

X. ** A declaration of the Kentish men why they rose in armes in 
^^« tjme of King Henry the Sixte." f. 319^ 

17 #0090. K 


S1IW.0T XI. '* A (liftroui-sf in detonee of the Conion Lawe of Enffliuide :" 

J0H5H1KRY ^« • JL 1 r Q.iih 

— xii. \iV2%\, — '* Ikoasoiis for Kii^lainle to cuntinuu the protection of 

the Low (Countries" f. :J2I^ 

xiii. - UK)?. — *' Idolatrous nccofis t.-uiiimittod a(t the Crosse in Chcftp- 
side by divers p«*r?oiis hntli Knr;lislio and htronjjers." f. 326. 

xiv. loST. — iMstiuctiuiis to Sir •lames (*rof\ when sent to treat with 
Spahi. r. \\2i\\ 

XV. I.K^!). — Ia'XWv to (jiKTii Eli/ulM'th from the Earl of Essex when 
ordered to his own iioiiH\ f. 1)27. 

xvi. Lf'tter from his slitter Liidy Rich to tho Queen on hia behalf. 
f. 32S. 

xvii. '^ A liU'U sL'att<'i'iMl ahroail in tymc of the earle of Essexfs 
trouble.*' f. 320. 

Ho;;in^, "Aflniire all wvakno^s wronf^eth ri?:ht. /foward /o.Admirail,^ 

xviii. AiTai;;nmeiit and M'ntenccs, iVo. of \V. Hnleighandhiaconfedfl- 
riitcs ; Ills h'ttiT to tho Kin;^, versos, and epitaphs, tf. 330*4. 

xix. \ii9ii. — iVttpositions otlrred to tho Privy Council and their 
replies upon the prosptM't of a S{»anisli invasion, f. 334^. 

XX. li)M. — " Kefpicsts <if tlio Lord Lieutcnanta and their deputies 
upon this fame of a SjNinish inva>iun.** I'. 330^. 

xxi. **Au esr^ayo of a Kin|;e, or the character of a Kinge.** 
f. 337^ 

xxii. HiOl. — ^SVdvLTtisements of n loyall .subject to hit gratiow 
Sovcniij^jno tuit of'r»}»s<^rvaet)fi of the ix^jjile'd 8j)oechos," f. 339^. 

xxiii. 1(;22.— '*Thi' Lord Keeper's letter to tho Judges of the 
circuits for eonnivanee at tho Papists.** f. 342^. 

xxiv. U}24. — The numIxT of soldiers to b<* impressed from mA 
county for Count Mansfcld a^^ninst otli Di-e. 1021. f. 313. 

XXV. ** Klo;;ium Krnosti Prineipis MauijfeMi a Germano qaodin 
i;jnoto eon<4'Mptiini.*' f. 3I.*>^'. 

xxvi. 1621. — '* Jn^tices of ]K*aci* put out of eijmmissiou upon aoiBa 
Parliament distiwtrrt/* f. 3 It. 

xx\ii. I(i27. — ** The Duke of Hiiekin«;ham*s voyago to the iflleof 
Rhoc." tr. 3 1. VS. 

xxviii. ITlV). — Nami-*i of the noldonirn, gentlemen, and grooDf of 
King F]d\v:ir<l th«: Sixth's cliaml er at hi.s dotviMC. f. 310, 353^. 

xxix. l.iS4. — List of the oail of Iyii'o^ter*'i nttendanlt«9 with nbnbcr 
of horsfs anti fervants, when he went t<> the Low Countries, ff. 349^ 

XXX. I'i^'tf Mav 10. — Kmbnrr^o laid u]K)n Kn<;liah ships in Spti*- 
f. 3o2. 

XXX i. lulxi. — Li'^t of rc;;inionts employed in the expeditioB ^ 

xxxii. [1G13. ] — .\ilv(M*nti'>, juil^os ifcc. cmployiNl coneeming tfc* 
divorce «d thi> Karl nf F^-si-x and Lady Krancis Howard. 

XX xiii. liidie.-' of the lMNU-hnml)«*rnrulgentlcni«*n in waiting at (jfttf^ 
Eli/jd»eih*s a«Ti'.'i«*io'i and at her draih. fT. 3')6-7. 

xxxiv. Hi 12. — <'nntrner of marriage lM>twecn tho Lad? Elilibi^ 

and rr 


f . 36(\ 


xxxvi. 1013, A]>ril 10. — In-truction*i to the commiaaioneny for 
ducting th«- Ijuly Klizal>i-th int4» th*- Palatinate, and their comnitfi 
ff. 301-.*. 

xxxvii. Cnpta'ns of the two reginunts ^eut into Gemanj. LSf^ 



xxxviii. [1625.] — Letter found among Jesuits in London addressed MSS.of 
to the Bector of the Jesuits at Brussels, f. 366. Primed in 1643, but GrR^BrfEsQ. 
more correctly, with notes, in Vol. II. of the Camden Society's — 

Miscellany^ 1853. 

xzxix. 1628. — The Jesuits' " Lut of the Christian armie** 
f. 370. 

xl. 1629[-30], Jan. 2.—" News from Paris, with a fine Popish lye 
upon the picture of the Virgin Mary, &c." f . 370*>. 

xli. 1629. — Oration made to the French ambassador at Cambridge 
by Mr. Love, the proctor, f. 37l*>. 

zlii. 1629. — " A prognostication sent from the Pope to th'emperor, 
and from him to the Duke of Saxony ; a trick of the Jesuits and the 
Spanish &ccon to seduce the Duke of Saxony from the Protestants." 
f . 374^ 

f. 314. [1598.] — The indignant and spirited reply [of Queen Eliza- 
beth}, in Latin, to the address of the ambassador [of the King of Poland] , 
Beginsy " Oh, qoam decepta fui ! Expectavi legationem, tu vero querelam 
ToSM adduxisti." 

XXVI. Miscellanea 

[No. 1 13. 10.] pp. 1-129. 1628[-9].-^'* A ti-ue and perfect relacon 
€f the proceedings in Parliament since the begyning 20 January 1628 " to 
its dissolution on 10 March. On a fly-leaf the following additional title is 
prefixed by Another hand : '* A relacon of the miscarriadg of the House 
of Commons of Parliament, wherein his Majestic was intended by the 
ooment of the Lords to have enacted many good laws for his subjects." 
^OTWuriy belonging to '' Isa. Wright.' 


fL 131-152. — ^* Lettre escrite & une personne de qualit6 an sujet du 
d^vea que le Roy Charles 2^ a fait d'avoir est^ marie h la mere du 
Due de Mommouth " (sic). Suggesting that the disavowal had been 
^tortedy in contradiction to the truth, by the Duke of York, whom the 
^ter strongly attacks. 

ff. 153-221. — Fragmentary collections by Sir H. Spelman *^ De 

Sepulturis.** Marked in two places, '' Nothing of this is printed," 1.6., 

^^ in Spelman's Treatise De Sepultura^ which is against the charging 

^ fees for burials, except the initial words. Begins, " Buriall of the deade 

^ % worice of the law of Nature, of the law of Nations, of the law of 

MtD, and of the law of God." The following are the heads : '* Of 

Sepidtorey and firste of the name in generall." f. 160. ^' The original 

^ manner of funeralls." f. 165^. *' Of umes and urnal sepulchers." 

1 168. « Of burying the corps." f. 170. «* Of hill buriall, and burial 

killi" f. 171. " Of the place of burning or burial." f. 176. " The 

<*)giiuQl of chnrchyardes and of burial there." f. 178. '^ The originall 

4 iHinrinee in cities and churchyardes in England." f. 184« '* How 

W^ in churches began." f. 185. '^ Canons and lawes against bury- 

jng in churches." f. 202. « Of tombs in churches." f. 206. " Of 

imoipiiona." f. 216. 

C 223.4S84. 1682-1589.— Minute-book of meetings held by Puritan 
ministers at rarious places in Essex. Commences with rules drawn up 
it i eonfbraice on 22 Oct 1582, to which the autograph signatures of 
tliefollowingnunisters are attached ; Edmund Chapman, Richard Crick^ 
Tlioaias Farrar, William Teye, Richard Dowe, fiartimeus Andrewes; 

K 2 


3ISS. OP Robort Lewis, Tlio. Stoughton, Tho. Lowo, Ant. Moraie» Tho. Tre, 
lu"^ "r"*fV,. Kiclmrd Parker, Ilciiry Sandfl, Laur. Xcwmnn, Jolin Tylncy, WilL Ne|U!s 
— Will. B^rnlc, Hanulph CaU'Iyn, Kdmuiul Salmon, Arthur Gale. The fint 

nieetiii<,' was held on Dec. 3, lo82, ami the last, the 80th, Juiie 2, 1589. 
The notes of the first two iiit'etings, which will give a speciineii of the 
whole, arc as folluwD. The fir^t meeting on Dec. 3 at Barfold ; Dr. 
Crick sDcakor (i>., the one who treate<l of some passage of Scripture), 
Dr. C*hn])man moderator. '* The question tutchinge the rijcht use of 
the Lord<\s daie then pro|>ouiuled ; left to he considered of till the next 
meet Inge after nave one. 2 was for tho placing of Mr. Do we, whether 
at Harfold or .Stratford ; deferred till the next meeting. 3. Mr. Sloctoa 
moved whether furnicaiiou make allinity ; not thought convenient to he 
decided. Doctor Chapman was chosen to b% the next speaker. Dr. 
Crick modenitor, and the place at Dr. Chapman*8 house." The aecood 
meeting; was at Dr. Chapman*s house at l^edham on 7 Jan. *'It was 
thoughte l>est to the hrethren for diverse reasons that Mr. Do we ahold 
nccepte of his callings at Stratforde. The 2. question propounded was 
tntehing the Sahl>ath ns liefon.^ This also was spoken of, that the 
l>ook«* of com moil praiiT shuld Im' considered of, how farre a pastor 
might rcatl therein. Mr. Dow speaker at his own house, Mr. Lewes 
moderator.** At the thinl mwting on I Fch., Dr. Chapman craved the 
advii:e of the brHliren touching the publishing of his Catechism, mi 
it wa.s concluded, after (terusil, that it was not inconvenient to be 
published, for the usi* of tbc |)eople of Dcdbam especially. TliereiR 
ifre<iuent notices of citation before the Bishop and Archbishop ftr 
refusing suliscription and refusing the wearing the surplice ; and tht 
writer of the book, Mr. Kichard Parker, is hiin.self suspended. After the 
entry of the la>t nni'ting he adds tho following note: '* Thus kMfi 
continued through (lods mercic this blessed nicetinge, and now Ji 
ended by tlie malice of Satan. Some cause of it was compleints ■guoil 
us preferred to the H. of London, for which cause I was called lu to 
London and examyncd of it; but the chicfcst cause was the deau of 
some of our brethren and their departure from us to other placci 
HIessed be Goil for trver." 

ff. 2.3.^201.— -Copies of paiiers, Ac. rca<l at the meetings recordsd is 
tbe pn*eeiliiig niinuti-s: — 

i. Nf)tes bv Mr. Teve on the Sablxitb. f. 235. 

ii. Observations bv Dr. Sands on the Sablmth. f. 237. 

• _ 

iii. Long paper on the same subJ4H*t ; bv Dr. Crick or Dr. Chapin 
f. 212. 

iv. Copies of many lettiT^^aml papTs, with references to the meetiip 
in which tbe*ie |ui]K'r*< were mentioned, f. 24H. 

fi. Two letter-4 fn>ni Dr. Chapman, and one from the nieetiB|blA 
Thn»i. Cart Wright, '* jwiMnr to the church of the Knglishe merchaaalc* 
at MiddlelHiroiigh/* April \U, L''>s:$, Nov. 1. 1584 ; with a replj froB 
Cartwriglit, May .', l-'iS.'?, "the morrow after the receipt of Jo* 
lovinge letters '* 

//. I5s*<, F'eh -Deo. — Letter fnmi Richard Parker, on his misneoiioai 
to William Tevi*, with two replies from the latter. 

r. Iictter from William Tcy** on his own suF|H*nsion. 

r/. loHl, S«pt. 17.— Ii«tt<'r from Dr. Chapman U» Dr. WiAM 
preacher at Dan bury, und Arehdeactm of Colchester, respectii^ ^ 
next pa|»er. 

f. ** Certnine n*.juests to be moved to D. Withens Archdneoa * 
Colchester, for the IdMTtie of tho«ie churches in his jurisdiclJOO 
have favthfull miniMer:! set over them.'* 


/. ^Judgments of the brethren" about a form of catechizing. jo?3H«k»y 

g. Articles subscribed by some of the ministers. GuBsrr, ISbq. 

k. 1684, July 16, Erweston. — Letter from Henry Wilcock, acknow- 
ledging money sent him for his relief; apparently the original. 

t. 1583* — Letter from Chapman to John Feild, with the reply of the 
latter of 19th of 11th montli (February ?). 

h. Letter to ministers in London proposing a general conference to 
draw up a supplication to Parliament. 

/. Sapplication of the ministers of Elssex tti the Privy Council. 

JM* Supplication of the inhabitants of Maldon and others to the Privy 

»• *' The judgment of a lerned man that it is not lawfull to cease 
preaching at the inhibition of a bishop, and an answer to y t." 

o. 1584, August 17.-^Letter from Chapman to Mr. Stubs about Dr. 
Oxenbridge's coming to Dedham. 

p, 1585[-6], March. — " A note of the conference which was bctwene 
some godlie mynysters and Dr. Oxenbridge, the Papist, being come to 
Dedham to that end by the appointment of the Counsell." More than 
five closely written pages. 

q. 1587, June 7-Dec. 5. — Letter from Richard Rogers, Ezekiel Cal« 
verwelly and other ministers, to the Essex ministers, about joint con- 
ference, with the reply. 

r. "JETormes of subscription which was yelded by the mynisters in 
diverse shires and places.^ i. By the ministers of London ; 5 Dec. 
1583* ii. *' Doubtes moved by the mynisters of Norwich and of places 
thereabout, wherein thev desire to be resolved." iii. Form of subscrip- 
tidQ ofiered by Mr. John More to the Bishop of Norwich, iv. Form 
bj the ministers in Leicestershire. 

This very interesting record, specially valuable in reference to the 

history of Nonconformity in Essex, ends on f. 261 with the following 

note of the writer's : — " The letters which I have here written from 

one godlie mynister to another, these subscriptions, and the rest of the 

writings following, 1 inserted them together in this booke because they 

were conferred of in our meetings, as 1 have noted over their heads 

the meetings wherin these things were moved, and the page wher yow 

shall fynd them. This booke I fynyshed in Kettringham, being the 

worke of one moneth space, beside myne ordenary exercises, ended I 

say the 10th of July, 1604. Richard Parker. I^us Deo." 

ff. 262-280. — ^The other " writings following," which are mentioned 
in the preceding paragraph, with references upon some of them to the 

0. '^Certaine polntes wherein R. Some, D.D., is desirous to bo 
Tenlved before he yeld a generall subscription to my L. of Cant, 

6. <*A note of those thinges the mynisters in Suffolk offred." 

c. Mr. Paget*s answer about the three articles, f. 265. 

(f. '' A profession freely made " by persons whoso names are sub- 
^bed, that they will join together for maintenance of all Christian 
<i^der in their own persons and families and in the whole body of the 
^WD. f. 266. 

c. [1585] August 9. — " Orders agreed upon by Mr. Dr. Chapman, Mr. 
* vker^ and the auncients of the congregation of Dedham, to be dili* 
SeoUy observed and kepte of all persons whatsoever dwellinge withiu 
*e said towne." f. 268. 


Mss. «iF /; lOOK — Petition of twciit v-tw o prencliors in London and thesubnrK^ 

t."R>rv. K-ii. to Jann'rt J. t. 2o;». 

//. *' Tlu» use of the cercmonit'S unlawfull." f. 270. 

h, '* ( lood onlers to bo ol^ervcd in a reformed go<lliv church, prorvd 

autl or>Ilii;ted out r)f God'd worde nnd lUitlioriMMl by the Uwoi.'* £ 271. 

I. Notice by H. Parker of bis nppeiiriu^' before tho commiMioMTt 

for ri't'iising to use tlie common prayer, wear tbe f:urplice, Ac., and of 

his, \i\ favour, escapin«; tbou;^li be *' y elded not unto them." f- 272h. 

L '*A lerne<l manV judgment" what eour.«o j^ood ministeni or 
private pcrMms in con;: re<;at ions, may take for dealing with public snd 
unri-pcntant otVeniU*rs, for luck of ecclesiastical diseiplinc. f. 273. 

/. [ITiSS], March 3C), ner«;ln»lt.— Letter from Dr. Crick reqnestliig 
the appointment of some one to preach nt his eiitrnnco upon Barfold. 
f. 277. 

///. *' Propositiones ministrorum Scotia? heiXMiisMmo Rcgi obhUje.** 
f. 27J>. 

f. 2S0. 1^)33, Nov. .'}. — Onler of the King in Council, confirming 
ihe plafing by the Dran and ('iiapti'r <»f St. Paul's of tbe tnble in Si. 
Gn';:ory's rliureh altar- wise. 

fl*. 2S2-410.— " GoltlitKjhnins (ihniufs, or, a boohc of the Seren 
Serom/s^ tliat is, Intelii;;enn'Sy nr the Si'veii Spiritd of the Planeti>, 
moving an<1 onlering the course and sueeesse of things in tliiH worki 
after (Sod, or as (■cmI hath appoyntcd them. Which booko ifl of motttf 
liyd and swet knowldgo and learning, maih* )»y John Tritcmru!S Abbot 
of Spanhymen, and din Heated to tlieniperour Maximilyan anno 1528. 
Translated into Eiigli>h by Frainices (^ddinghani, minister. Which 
lK>oke is as an epitome or an abridgement of chn»nicles .... from 
the beginning of tbe wurlde unto this present age.** With hierqcly- 
pbical dm wings. The Iran shit or professes to make additions indinBic 
a tnmslation of a treatise c»n the religiouH orders, and lives of the Popes 
out of I'ructits icmponuHj but the MS. ends where Trithemiufl' book 

ff. 411-413. — Mathematical rules fur measurements of height and 
length, with neatly drawn diagrams and figun-s. They commence with 
circles and triangles, ami procee<l to the taking the altitude of Uie ton, 
height of towers, &c. 'i'lie MS. fwhieh is staini.*<I by damp) appenn to 
have hecn written in 1007, as on f. 422h we have the following |iaaBage: 
^ At Nurwiche, loJT, the 10 of .Murehe, I fwid the meiidinuc altitlldtf 
of the sunne bv niv astrohdie 37 dijrn-** and .'*0 minutes.*' 


f Nn. 11 1, n. ! iT. 1-1 s7. — *' Ivv n'agni»jrotulis Pipo [tomp. Hen. D-] 
Colleriii)iii>« ]iir Kogi-ruin I>iHl*<\vi>rlli, KlMiraeen>em.** The tirstpaMift 
dateil MiM:ireli, ]iiU). 'J'he liitlls tVoni which the extracts are made Mv 
tho*s'<it'l. — 3.'{ llenryM. 'I'liat whieb is herreiteihisof tbe first vear iflliie 
Itull edit I'd by .Mr. I In titer in l^o.'i and a*-igneil l»y him to 31 henrrL ; 
the e\rr:iet»> liiTe gi\eij ediiinit iirr nil p. 2 ot' liis iili'.inn. The Kolb of 
the lourtii, xl\t)i :iiiii tliirty-.-i i niid \*':ii^ an- ile^eriUtl ns wanting bat 
ineorreeily, nil (1m>i* In Ihl' i-Mnn:. lit.' cxtiacTs from tbe Roll of the 
lhirt\-lliird end iih[»* rh >'ily, in tl.r ::rtii-I<' " I)e ••cutagio UaroooiB qui 
nun .'ibierni.t nun XU-jiv in e\iT« itri ( iidl'iuiit*/* at the NittoBl of uiL 
I*«7, al till' la'i. li-'Ai.i.; " ( 1.1 i-!." 


ff. 189-268.— Catalogue of all the nobles of England, from the Saxon jq^'^JJI^ 
eftrls existing at the time of the Conquest to Sir Gervase Clifton created oxSirrri %J 
Lord Cliflon in 1609 ; with their coats of arms very neatly drawn, and — 

the arms of the sovereigns. Prefixed are notes of the conquerors of 
Britain and their arms, commencing with Brute ; and of the changes 
made at Tarioas times in the royal arms. 

ff. 26d--289.— A treatise on perspective, by Abraham de Moivre. 
Cent. XVIII. 

iL 290-295. — ^** Gratita; humbly inscribed to the University of Cam- 
bridgey by B. Foster, M. A. ; " a poem. Begins, " Let other pens Britan- 
nia^s limits scorn.'^ At the end is written the following quatrain by 
anoiher hand, with reference, it is to be feared, to the author. 

** Are Poets Makera ? Curse the Fates, if he 

Who gives to others immortalitye, 

And doth as high and bright as Angels think, 

Doth pine and starve, want clothes, house, meat, and drink. 

Honiclove, July 20, 1720." 

XXYIII. Miscellanea. 

[No. 1 15. 12.] ff. 1-194. — ** Glossarium originale Johannis de Laet." 
This glossary of mediaeval words does not appear to bo mentioned in 
aay list of Laet's works, nor is it referred to amongst the books noticed 
in the preface to Spelman's Glossary. The title is given in an endorse- 
jnent by a second hand. The glossary begins with the word ^* Aamund " 
and ends with ^ Zarb." 

Naifoiiaied, — ^A new ballad to an old tune ; verses " upon Mr. Bine 
at C<^«*' (Constantinople?), addressed by "G. Etheridge to K. L. at 

Begins, ** I prethee gentle maid be kinder to thy swaine." 

Noi fdiaied, 1664[-5] — Commission for executing the laws in 
Church a&urs in Scotland ; sealed 24 Feb. 

ff. 195-210. — Transcripts of charters and other extracts " ex libro 
eodesiflB cathedralis Wigomensis." 

ff. 211-222. — Transcripts of charters granted by William L, Henry I. 
and Edward I. to the Church at Norwich, '^ ex libro Decani et Capit* 
Norwic. roihi mut[u]o concesso." 

ff. 225-263. — Transcripts of the charters of founders, kings, bishops, 
and archbishops granted to the abbey of Walden ; '' ex lib. fundationis 
monasterie B. Ma. et S. Jn. de Waldena, transcript, ult. Martii, 

ff. 264-266. — ** Cartas et confirmaciones domus S. Sepulchri canoni- 
eoiram [de] Thetford; ex libro fundat canonic, de Thetford." ^'Exam. 
12 Aug. 1635." 

ff. 26^270.— French narrative of the foundation of Crabhouse monas- 
tenr in Norfolk, " ex lib. fundationis ejusdem : " [now Addit. MS. 4733. 
Bnt. Mas.] 

Begins, " Jadis esteyt une pucele." Not printed in the Monasticon. 

ff. 273-276. — "In quodam libro in quo continebantur leges anti- 
qoomm regom Angliae subscriptorum [sell. Kegum Saxon.] mihi prsestito 
per magistrum Tftte, inter alia hec exceq)si xx. Decemb. 1604 : " notes 
of words and terms. !! 


1188^ or f. 281. — Extract from Bertrand Argentre's Histoire de Breimgne of 

GrBvir'Sg. the grant by Pliilip 11. of France to John, Duke of BritUnj, of the 
— dignity of a |)oor ; 1217. 

ff. 2S2~4. — Tran.scTi])ts of a few miscellaneous charters rulatiDg to the 
family of Stutevill, tiie ablx^y of Wendling, and the priory of Lewea. 

f. 285. — Descent of Hrowne, Viscount Montacute, from IngloUiOffp and 
delaPook'. 1618. 

f. 291. — Two shui-t fxtracts from Jocelin of Brakelond's Chrooiclf, 
** mihi mutuato per nia^istniui Strangman, ct pone8 magistrain Angns- 
tinum Steward rcmnn.," with notes of a few words ** in quodam alio 
autiquo registro MS."* " of St. £dround*s Bury, also lent by Mr. Steward. 

if. 293-4. — Notes <iut of the Fine Bolls, temp. Henry III. 

if. 297-321.— Trnii^-rripts out of the collections of William Botoner, 
aliat William of Won^rster : — 

i. Nanietf of the Kiii«;hts who came over with William I., ** de quodair. 
nntiquo libro historiiiiiini in (wallicis scriptis, invent, apud [biamk] per 
fratriMu Galfreduiii Kin^c, ordiuis Minorum." The names, without ihi- 
reference to the miuicis an^ printed iu HearneV extracts from William 
of WoroestcT, p. r)l!2, vol. II., of Liber Niger Scaccarii. 

ii. ** Nominii doiiiiiioruni et uiilitum de comitatu Norfol. et Sofful. 
(pii obioruut sino i-xitu masculo, temp. Kdw. 111., Itic. 11., et Hen. IV., 
per relationcm ThonuL* Krpiiigham, chevalier ; " with supplementary 
listn, inchidinrr esquire^. 

iii. (ienealu^ries of the carls of Warren, '* ficripta de labore Will. 
Paston, in (fallico, t-xtra rotulam Huam,''an<l also *' de rotula crenicomm 
Will. I'aston, qui bciutavit apud prioratum de Lewes iatam genet* 

IV. Various otlu-r hi>torical and genealogical notes, inchiding note of 
the building of the al>lis uf Yarmouth Chuix*h. 

fl*. 32.>-3:>4.— ''C opia libri de Sharneburne ; '* a history of the defcenl 
of th(> family of Sliaiiicbume in Norfolk, from the times of the Saxoui 
to the n'ign of Kdwanl 1.; unfiHished. 

Itt'trins, *' Loii;:o ttinpore |M>st adventum Saxonum paganonim." 
Knds, '* Et piii'diriiis IVtius |)ost mortem CVcile Uxoris sue et domini 
Aiidrc«* frctris sui liu-tus fuit 

A hi.>«tory of tlu fuuiily, in Latin, to 1602, is printed in the RtUqnim 
Spefm a u n iamty 1 6! I8. 

f. :{3(k— Note from the Plea Rolls of 19 Kdwanl I. of Richard de Bd- 
liouseV M-fil being ^tolen by a cutpur^e, and bis notifying it, tliat nothing 
bereaftiT m alrd wiili it nii^lit Ih* regaicbtl as genuine; subscribed, 
•• Am pi n SinH-n.! iMie,, 23 Oct. 1633. II. Sp." 

tf. 3-12 :{r)S.— i::ii| b Brooke's** a nbwere to the Mayore, Knightes^ 
and Ald« Mill ii of I.f iidon for prec<*<iency in lx>ndon sbove auiicientccv 
knygbttfi then tlnnMhes, not aldermen, and to Mi^tir Garter's [W. 
Se^arV ■ opinii n ilitrof, with bis wrong intituling tlie Lord llayon 
•—after tht ir nlliI:t]til^ — to be Kny^^btes, haron.s and Kiiyghts Ljue- 

On tlie eo\ei of x\\v volume is a mem. 8i|;ned II. G. that "aoMrTf 
enterlude iiiiitl(<l JitApuliim,"^ I/>t>3, >%a8 taken from the end of IW 
volume to tt- ^e|laIllte1v, for the in!*p(.etion of Mr. Payne CoUicr, 
tluoe 15, lSo'6. See the end of this Report. 


XXIX, Miscellanea. joS^^Sbt 

[No. 116. 13.] ff. 1-65. — Extracts from early French monastic 
Cbartularies : — 

i. Charter of endowment bj Charlemagne for the nuns of St. Mary at 

ii. ^ Notitia census debiti villarum S. Remigii quantum solvitur ab 
ipsifl qaibnave tenninis." 

iiL ^* Liber S. Uemigii Item[en8is] ; vol. LIX." The register of the 
possessions of the abbey. 

Before f. 67. — ^ Ragguaglio di Parnaso delli due matrimoni di Francia 
de Spagna." 

ff. 68-75.— Transcripts by Sir William Dugdale in August and Sep- 
tember 1640 of original Cheshire deeds : — 

i. The foundation charter in 1 093 by Hugh, Earl of Chester, of St. 
Werbnrgh's Abbey, Chester, with drawing of fragment of the seal, in 
the possession of the Dean and Chapter. 

ii. Confirmation by Earl Elchard in 1119; in the same custody. 

iii. Two charters from Earl Eanulph, to the same abbey, with 
drawings of seals ; in the same custody. 

iv. " Fundacio abbacie de Cumbermere ; inter recorda apud Cestr. 
penes Camerarium dom. Comitis Cestr. remanentia." 

v. ^' Carta communis Cestreshire, inter recorda apud Cestriam, Pat. 
3 E. 4^, m. 9." 

vi. Ghrant from Earl Ranulph to Eustace Fitz-John of the honour of 

vii. Chronicle of the constables of Chester, *^ ex rotulo quodam in 
pergamena de tempore R. Hen. VI. — ut videtur — penes Petrum Daniell 
de Tabley, armig." 

ff. 76-83.— Charter of King Edgar in A.D. 966 to Hyde Abbey at 
Winchester from the Book of Hyde. 
Edwards' Liber monasterii de HydOy 1866, pp. 192-202. 

ff. 85-101. — ^< Commemoratio de rebus Sancte Trajectensis ecdesie 
quae olim a regibus et ab aliis Domini nostri Jesu Christi tidelibus eidem 
ecdesie tradita sunt." 

f. 102. 1662, Sept. 24.— << The relation or examination of Isabell Bil- 
lington of Great Driffield in Yorkshire, of a spirit that appeares to her." 

ff. 103-127. — ''An observation had upon the two statutes of Chaun- 
treys," 37 Henry VIII. c. 4. and 1 Edward VI. c. 14. 

ff. 128-136. 1573.— Roll of the crown-tenants in the hundred of 
Freebridge, Norfolk. 15 Eliz. 

1673.— The BuU of Pope Clement X., " In Ccena Dofnini." 

ff. 139-150. — i. The history and prophecies of Merlin; tcfnp. Eliz. 
Begins, '' When Engist had departed all the land in this wise." Ends, 
^ and there the right heires of Inglaud shall end." 

iu Of the conversion of England by St. Augustine. 

iiL The commencement of the Brute Chronicle. ** In the noble land 
of Surrey." 

ff. 161-4.^Commencement of a Treatise on Domesday Book, by one 
who bad read it three times over. The part here given treats of its 
antiquity, occasion, names, authority and use. Then follow the words, 
'^Cfttera desiderantur." 

GuRiTBT. Esq 


>iss. nr r. 167. — \t)tii-e by Sir II. Spolmun of u MS. in his possession cod« 

i-rS«v'fl:T tninirifr: i. Kpistohi* GillHTti ablmlis Ilovlamliir. ii. Prater R. Mclros 
— i\r ointii Jnc'oliiu fpiscopi (Jla«*;;iu'iisis. in. liilliu.s de tencctutc. iv. 

Tin):i-ii!< PlMtonis. v. lioctius tie consolntiono. 

ff. 160-l<i7. — A scries (jf short monil pcoms bv Sir NicholM Bftoon, 
Lonl KiMprr, ontith'<l *• Thv rrcrcacyons of his ngc** The anthor'f 
panic iit only inscrtoti in a hand of tlu; lai^t century, and prohftUj id 
inferred from thi* ptM-nis lN*iii<i^ written by the snino hand as the foliow- 
in^ nriicles )N>arinir Haf'<»n*s name, at pp. IGS, 170, which is a hand 
contemporary with the author. Xo mention of these verses, which 
are extremely bald and pros«iie, is foun<l in any bion^rapliical account of 
Sir N. Karon. Thi> list of them, which is worth giving from their bein 
unnoticed el. -c whore, is as follows ; — 

1. Threr «eve!i-line stanza?, without heiidin«*. 

]iei;ins, *• The error in decern in^re p rowel h nio«t of thi:j." 

2. ** Qualities belon<^iu(;c to cert en pt'rson.s '* ; four lines. 
Hejrins, *• Liberal it io in ujible-, in lawyers eloquence." 

;<. *'A prayiT ot a i)enitente"; five »ix-linc AtnnzoM. 

•t. 'M )f tlie kindes anil fruits of f^ood and ill '* ; ten lines. 

o. ** A<rain>t lust *' ; six Iino>, and apiin in sixteen lined. 

H, **()f fnriuiie and wisdtmie " ; ei^ht lines. 

7. " Pi-riib-* followinjr** fortune by Knvy and Malice"; eighteen lines 

H. " Of talkc and fellowe»ibi|»pe** ; fourteen line**. 

\), ** A''ainst idleue-s" : tliirtv-four line**. 

10. '* I n commend aeoii of the nii'ane estate '*; a hundred and one lines. 

11.** A;:ain-t a iiiynde not contented ** ; eight lines. 

12. " Afrainst anibicon '' ; sixteen lines. 

13. "Against covetousnes'* ; si xttn^n linen. 

14. " A'piin^'t inconstan'^ye " ; sixteen lines. 

15. ** The conclusion''; twenty-four iine?». 
Betrins, **To end, I jud«re pleasure but seante 

Where cache otli^-r ease dot he wishc and want." 
1(». *' Of hope, feare, and jK^rswacjin ;" twenty lines. 
17. *''llie strength t»f educacon ** ; four lines. 
is. *» Ajrainst r)eca>ion of evell '* ; four lines. 
1J>. [A prayer^ ; six stai>/a»i of j^ix lines each. 
Begiii>, *' My Lord, my tJiMl, m}' sovcraigne derc." 

20. *'An Kngli>h Ime ** \sc. hymn], i. A Moniin^ prayer; ftv 
hcven-line ^tan/a-. 

Begins, *• Lorde, for my rest and sh»e|)e this night." 
ii. An evening prayer ; three seven* line .*itun/.a:i. 
Begins •* I.i»rde, fi»r thv grace gi've nie ihis daye." 

21. '•()f Ja.keand (Sil'l" : six lines. 

B4-;:in'*, *'Of daeke nn«I (Sill the maryage ya aH fine." 

22. '* ( M' a maide and a pay liter '* ; six six -line stanzas. 
Begin**, ** A nnry nutyde 

To a pa\nter r«jdde.*' 

If. 1 <»*•-!♦. — •* A prayer msde by Sir Nicholas Daeon, Knight, L^ 
Keper f.'f ihf* *;ri'aC'- Seale of Kngh-n !." 

f UiVb. Qi.«'eii Kli/.ai>eihMctter !•• Ki-r 'Mnorft faythefulleaiid carrfiBU 
M-rvannt " Mr Aniia:* I'aulett, bi tnie the e\i*cution of Queen Marfi' 
Scotland, df-i I in;' )iim i<» let tin* *- w ii'ked niunierer" know bovM 
*' \ile d«M'i!- * I i»nipil \i\\, wiiH.' npler- in hi> dangeruiu eliar^ga. 


ft 170-5. — Arguments of Sir N. Bacon, Lord Keeper in Parliament, MS8,of 
proYing that noblemen's persons are attachiable for contempt committed qtonst, Bsq. 
in the Court of Chancery. — 

ff. 176-179. 1587[-8], March 18.— Speech of [Sir Walter Mild- 
maj] in the Slar Chamber, at the sentencing of Mr. Davidon for the 
carrying oot of the warrant for the execution of Queen Mary. 

B^DSy ** How honourably, justly, and temperately " 

Ends, ^* referred to her Majesties princely consideration." 

See State Trials, 1734, vol. vii., p. 23. 

ff. 180-280. 1627. — ** The arguments pro et contra att the Einges 
Bench faarre upon the writt of Habeas corptis brought by Sir Tliomas 
Darnell and others that refused to pay the loans, with the judges' 
opinions thereupon." 

ff. 282-7. 1601. — Commencement of a transcript of Ha3rward 
Townsend's Journal of the Parliamefit of 27th Oct.-3rd Dec. 1601, from 
the book in the possession of Christopher Dodington of Lincoln's Inn in 

The portion hero copied ends with the words ** Doctor Jones " in a 
debate on the bill about pluralities, 14tli Nov. The Journal vr&s printed 
in 1680. 

ff. 288-319. — A reading, in French, on the Carta de Foresta as 
confirmed by Edward I. 

ff. 320-323. 1679, May 21.— Part of the debate in the House of 
Commons on this day, when tbe Exclusion Bill was carried, with Mr. 
Treby's report upon the letters of Cardinal Howard, &c. 

ff. 324-7. 1679. — Declaration of Charles II. on dissolving the 

ff. 328-330. 1559.— An Act 1 Elizabeth giving power to the Queen 
to take certain of the temporal possessions of sees upon their avoidance. 

ff. 332-352. — ** Observations concerninge the Nobilitie of England 
^Dtient and moderne." 

XXX. Miscellanea. 

[No. 117. 14.] ff. 1-71. — A collection of foundation and other 

charters of religious houses and cathedrals, and extracts relating to 

various noble families, made in the 16th cent. The Charters relate to 

^ho following places : Revesby ; St. Werburgh's, Chester ; Neath and 

Savigny ; Brinton ; Newham; Battio; Selby ; Chaynesham (Keynsham) 

Bvesham; Bermondsey ; St. Bennet at Hulme ; Llanthony ; Salisbury 

Glastonbury ; Buckland ; Bredon ; Darley ; Battlefield ; West Dereham 

Worcester; St. Augustine's, Canterbury; Lewes; St. Edmimdsbury 

"Forney ; Feversham ; Shrewsbury ; Burton -on-Trent ; Polesworth 

^^sileacre; Wymondham; Heading^; Croxton; Ashridge; Holme 

^^ ^ Stephen's ; Wells ; Walden ; Whitby ; Boche ; Bath ; Westacre 

^^ingdon ; Ely ; Norwich ; Leicester ; Welford ; Sulby ; Flixton , 

^Xeter; Torre ; Hospital of Gaunt ; St. Maiy's, Rochester ; St. Leonard's 

^^i^lc ; Bunbury ; Knaresborough ; Otrey and Rouen ; Hales ; Demhall 

^- Vale-Royal ; chantries in Campes ; Lacock ; College at Raveningham 

^^ Andrew's, Northampton ; Barnstaple ; Notley ; St. Osyth's ; Plym 

^^ ; Preeeptory of Hospitallers at Yeveley [Derbyshire] ; Athelney 

^^dwas 'j Beaulieu ; Faringdon ; Hospital at Bridgewater. 

^xtracts from the Chronicle of Tintem Abbey, f. 55. Of Llanthony. 
^^ 58, 62. Of Wigmore. f. 58b. Genealogy of the founders of Wig- 


1188. OP more. f.-59b. ''ChroDice gcne«log*se dominonini do Chirke ei Peo- 
i^ravEr'EBg kotlilyn ab adventu Normaiinorum." f. Co, which includes a Chronicle- 
— •' ' roll of tho Kings of England from 106S to 1422. Reges Scoto- 
rum. f. 72. Ocncalogia familiie da IVrcj. f. 73. Geneologia fainiliic 
(It* Tyson, f. 7o. Boforo f. 10 is inserttnl a paper bj Rev. Sanuel 
I'cgge, entitleil '' A conmicntary on Tisun's dco<1," being rcmarkt oa id 
original charter to Svlby Abbey from its founder Tisun in the Con- 
(|uor()r*H time wliicb is not printed in Dugdale. It is noted at the cad 
that l'<'ggc was a fro(jucnt contributor to the Geutle$nan*9 Magazine 
under the anagram of Paul Gamscpe, 

ym foliated. — *' Tho case of the hospitalls of Hai'bledowne and 
Northgutc, ne<Te Canterbnrj, concerning their small pension of 80ii. 
a peecc from the Archbishop of Canterbury." Apparently iemp. 
Charles I. 

ff. 76-83. — Miscellaneous historical notes, written in a very dear 
small hand resembling Dugdale* s, but later, with some names written in 
red ink. 

). *^ Nomina abbatum S. Bencdicti de Iluhno, et anni obitos diver- 
sorum eorundem non mcnlionut. in Dugdale, Alonati. Angi^ ex 
registro vetusto ablMiti.i^ in bil»l. Cotton." 

ii. Various notes, chiofly out of Sir S. l)*Ewea' collections. Tlic 
will of Roger nigo<|, Yjiv\ of Norfolk, 1258 : <« Ex libro de gesUs 
Hewardi incliti militis, qui libcr in fine Ri^istri de Burgo transcribi- 
tur " ; descent of the family of Bokenham, <lrawn up by D'Ewcs from 
*' ancient autographs ** borrowed from Sir Jolm Hare, Knt., of Stow- 
hall ; notice of a large collrction of Roman coins made by Mr. HarriMHi, 
of Brisinghani, Norfolk, and soltl by his son to D*Ewes ; note of a tran- 
script of the Norfolk and Suffolk I)omcs«]ay maile l)y Mr. JohnBradahaw 
for the Eai I of Arundel ; story that the crown of Bohemia was oflered in 
Qufeii ElizabethV time to Humphrey Tindal, dean, and afterwards bishop, 
of Ely, of whom the writor remarks tliiit, though he l»ore the anna of 
Bohemia, '* how Bohemian blood came into his veins 1 know not.** In 
the mjirgin is a pedigree, in the handwriting of Peter Le Neve, showing 
the connexion of the Tin did family, by their descent from Will. 
Tindal, of F<*Ibrigge, who mamed A In, daughter of Sir Simon Fel- 
brigge, K.<i., ami Mnrgarrt, daughter of the nephew of the then King 
of iiohemia, who had (*owe into England with her cousin Anno, the 
wifu of Richard II. Norfolk notes, '' Ex libro miscellan. MS. doniat 
Gnl Foley de I^txsted, A.D. I(»9!^ penes dominum Job. Foley de 

ff. 8i-f^H. — ^'Ilistoria fimdationis ecelesia" cath. civitatis Norwicif ac 
etiam Iil»ertat«'S ejusdcm eivitatis, cum ]N>rambulati(me civitatis njosden. 
et cum ]>erambu lilt ion e viei de Fi^cktlKiriie juxta civitatcm prKdictam.*' 
At tho end are luldrd, i. The rertifi<*ate of the Commisiioiiers 
'* a p] Mil n ted fnr tlir veiwe and platting of Mushoulde heatliep A.D. 
\Shi) ** ; ii. Historia ca|>ella' de Jernemutha [Yarmouth]. 

ff. lOl-IOs. — Furt of an alplialM-tieal li-t of words ii>ed in IXNDCsdayv 
with thrir examples, bt'giuning with ** Ineuuardus/* and ending with 
•* utlagh." 

ff. 1(K>-137. — Collections in tlie handwriting of Sir W. Dngdale. 

i. Extracts n'lating to the servlt^s due to the Abliess of [Sion] fron 
the tenants at HaniptoD, '* Ex imtiquo rotuh> in custodia Thonue Qonuni 
Wynds«>r, DtH-enihr. A.'' WMV' ii. Notes out of the Close BoU% frooi 
k\ Jubn to 17 Edward II., with .j Henry V. and 12 Henry VI. UL lYom 
the Fifie RolU, 13 John-ll Heury 111. iv. Note of a pica ef the 


Abbot of Reading, 2 Edward III., and notes from several monastic johi?Hiw«t 
registers, v. Anglo-Saxon charter of Edward Confessor, granting sac GfrsirBT. Esq. 
and 800 and other privileges to St. Augustine's, at Canterbury, with Latin 
translation (Latin version onlj in Kerable, Cod, DipL iv. 239). vi. 
Grant by Ketelbern de Langedon of Langdon, Warwickshire, to the 
nuns of Eastwell, aticu Hen wood (printed in the Monasticon), vii. 
Glossary of words used in the Laws of Edward Confessor, and other A. S. 
Laws, *^ ex quodam MS. Job. Rous, Warwicensis." viii. List of royal 
confirmation-charters and chatters of Lispeximus granted to monastic 
bouses, from 11 Henry III. to I (?) Henry VI. (Fnspeximus at length of a 
grant to St. Martin's-le-Grand from William I. in 1068), and the 
foundation of Fotheringhay in 1 Edward IV. 

ff. 138-179. — *' England's Epinomis, or a collection out of authentique 
historians of those lawes whereby the kingdome of England hath 
been from tyme to tyme governed," by John Selden. Marked as 
having been lent to " Mr. Cooke " in 1640. 

ff. 184-214.— Discourse by Sir Robert Cotton, " That the Sovereign's 
person is required in the great councells or assemblies of the States as 
-well at the consultations as at the conclusions." Printed in his PoS" 
ihuma, 1672. 

ff. 215-285. — ^' The names of the noblemen and gentlemen in cache 
-shire of Englaund which were in the feild in the tyme of King Henry 
the third and King Edward the firsto," with their arms very neatly 
drawn, and an alphabetical index. 

ff. 287-356. — Catalogue of the nobility of England, with their arms, 
from Edgar Atheling to Cecil, Lord Burleigh. 

XXXI Walsingham and Cecil Papers. Contemporary/ Copies. 

[No. 1 18. 15.] ff. 1-84. 1581, July-Sept.— Negotiations of Sir F. 
Walsingham in France, including his correspondence with Lord Burghley. 

Printed in Sir Dudley Digges's Compleai Ambassador^ folio, Lond. 
1655. Probably it would be found upon collation that the MS. con- 
tains some additional matter. One separate paper is inserted among 
the letters of September 1581, which, at least, is not found in Digges' 
Tolame. It is marked, ^' This was written 12 \or 22 ?] Septembris,'* 
and is a copy of a paper of advice to some lord who had lost the 
Queen's favour (probably the Earl of Leicester, with whom the Queen 
was about that time much offended) as to the course of humble sub- 
mission necessary to be followed in order to regain that favour ; after 
which submission, ''Your most bumble suite to her Ma. i^« that she 
will vouchsafe you that approch to her hart and bosome et ad scrinium 
peetorisy playnely, for as much as concemeth yourself e, to op pen and 
expounde her minde towards you.*' At the foot of the paper is added this 
explanatory note for the person to whom it is communicated : — ** Becauf»e 
yon shall understand this the better, you must understand there have 
bine lately manie fallings forth between the Q. and his lo., and there- 
upon your uncle set his lo. downe this course, which tooke greate effect, 
as I will tell you when I see you next. Keepe this secret, as ever I 
shall doe your sentence." 

ff. 85-313. 1570-72.— Negotiations and correspondence of Walsing- 
ham during his previous embassy to France, viz., from Augu«t 1570 to 
1 April 1572. 

Also printed in Digges's Compleai Ambassador, 



Jiinsv Hbvkt 

i;iR5EY.EsQ. fXo. iij). ifs.] f.i!. [lo(3G.]— SjH^ch of [Sir] Robert Bell, [aftpf. 
wiinls] Haruii nt' the Kxclicqiior, in Parliament, on thcri«r1it ofsnccenioD 
to the Ciow.n, iimintainin;^ tin* title aft**!' Qiiri'ii Klizabeth, failing i88ae,of 
the Laily Katliariiu* [(iroy], in (It>sc(Mit from Marv, Duchess of Suffolk, 
thi* I tliinl I <lau*;litor of licnry VI!. ** K. bibl. Spclmania, Aug. 1702." 
This .sp<*ivh iloos not appear to bo anywlierc mcntionedy but must haw 
1)Coii ilelivcnMl in i.3G(>, in which year Hell wils one, as Camden rebtes, 
of thoM' who freely iir<re<i thr question in the IIoui«e of Commons of tlie 
QueenV marriaL'c. 

f. 21. Tunjt. .James I. — Draft of onlers for the letter management 
of She rill's* and Kschoa tors' aceounts in the Kxehequer. 

IT. 2H-6\1. — Tmiiseripts from reeorils in the Tower, taken in 1G06, 
r«'j(pi*eiin;r tin; (h'.Tfccnt of Lord Vesoy of Kildare, and tho manor of 
Walton, Yurk^lli^' ; Kdward Il.-IIenry VI. 

f. ;U. I 1.5 K) I :<2 Henry VIII., Nov. 20.— Copy of an indenture 
between Sir Thomas Tempest and Kobert Tempest, respecting the 
manor of Ilolmesct, Durham. 

tf. .'{()-'>4, ()S-9. — Colleetions frrmi reeords (imiuiHitions p.m., extent* 
court-rolls), eoueerning the nmnor of Gissin^ Hustings with Degworth, 
Norfolk, ami the advowMin, witJi full translation of an extent taken 
2 K«lwartl III. ; to th«' time of James I. 

if. (>3-^i7. — Similar notes from records, including tho evidences of 
Sir Kol^ert Krmp, bart., respecting; the manor of Antiugham, Norfolk, 
and the eommoti there, to the time of Charles I. 

If. 7o-s(>. — Report of a few law -rases in the time of James I. and of 
cas<.'S in thi* Kind's Hcnch, o Charles I. 

f. SI. — Arms III Attb'lmroujrli Chnrcli, Norfolk, in Mr. ISemci>* 
houH' at Finchiii;;tii'ld, Ks>ox, and in Wetliersfii'M Church, Essex. 

fl'. yj— }.—(*< mtirm.V ion charter by Kdwanl III. of the foundation c»f 
the priory of Max^toke, Warwickshire, and foundation -charters (in the 
handwriting c-f Diigdale) of the priori«s (»f Coventry, Kenilworth, and 
MirA\all, in the '•:ime county. 

f. Hj. liOUSi-pt. 17. — Copy by l)u;;diile of the will of Lowys Clif- 
forth (who deseribts liimsidf as ** fals ami traytour to my Lord God and 
to all |><- lil('-.s\d i-um|Ninye of hi'\ene, ami unwor|)i to be cle|»jda crislcn 
man*'); JlhijUsh and Latin, He lie.-ires tlnit hi** *' wn*cchid carejne** 
may be buried in tin- farthest corner of the churchyanl of tho |iariah in 
which his '* wret'chid .-^imle ** dejiart^, with n«-ither «'loth of gold or Mlk, 
but only a black cloth, with a tu|)er at his hrad and feet, and no iloii«, 
" ne o|>cr |>inp> ubi-rby eny man may wiite whero tnj etjnkjmge 
caivyne liirp'|'.'* 

ff. sf)-*Ki. — Li.-ts of roy.'il ^rnnts and of knifrhts* fees in the coaatj 
of Norfiilk in the n iL'ti"* of Kdward I., 11. and HI., of which the firaC p^ge 
ifi heaili'd. ** ()pu*<<( dici infra Turrim lAmdon^ in oflkk> M. 
llenca<;«* ibi«lum," 20th Mav. 4i) Kli/alM>th. 

IT. 1K>-11.V— Kxtrarts "ex libro MS. S»'. AlUmi Jc viiis Offa Rc|n5 
• . . et abbatuni," trnn-eriUil at Hevilon by John Longford, serr ant 
of Sir li. S|Hlman. in the autumn of lii32. 

fT. 117 X'Vi. — Mi-ri'llaneoiis noti-s by Sir H. Spclman, fragnttBterj 
and of littlr roii».«-ipii'ijre, but including; iiuWs uu seals and on the 
variou-* parts of charter". 


ff» 156-9. — "Carmea elegiacum in laudes generosissimi eanimque mss.of 

yirtutum quse prseclaiissimte atque praestantissimas habentur cncomio o^mjBsQ. 

dignissiml equitiS} d. Henrici Spilman^ ut poets cultlssiini ita poctarum — 
Masoenatis optimi, a Thoma ab Alvensleben, Germano, anno 1617." 

f. 161. — Of the foondation of the Church of Cauterburj ; an extract 
(from the Bister of St. Augustine's ?). 

Begins, ^ Sanetus Ethelbertus, rex Angliae, qui suscepifc Cbristiani- 

f. 162. — Copy of a grant from Robert Fitz-Harding to the canons of 
St. Atigtistine'Sy Bristol. 

ff. 163-6. — Copy of the foundation-charter from Wulfrunna to the 
monastery of Hampton, [Wolverhampton] in the year 996 (wrongly 
dated 916 in the original itself), with grant of lands, of which the 
bomidaries are given in Anglo-Saxon. Printed in the Monasticon from 
the original in Uie possession of the Dean and Chapter of Windsor, but 
probably not very correctly. 

fil 167-172. — Sermon on Tit. IIT. 4 Apparuit benignitcLs &c., on 
Christmas Day, apparently by a Roman Catholic. 

ff. 173-180. — Table of all the boroughs returning members to Parlia- 
ment in the reigns of Edward I., Richard II., Henry IV., Y., VI., 
Edward lY. 

ff. 181-189.— "Admiralli AnglisB a temp. Ed wardi IL, 1307 ad an. 

ff. 190-195. — ^**A consideration of the state of Rome in Italye, 
drawen from the well understandinge of this worde The Antichriste." 

ff. 197-206, 207-212, 228-31, and 213-227.— Three tracts on the 
legal Terms in the year ; the original drafts, with many alterations. 

Cf. Spelman's treatise in the Reliquice SpelnUy and two tracts by 
Francis Thynne and Joseph Holland in Hearne's Curious Discourses^ 

ff. 232-245. — ^' Reasons against a generall sending of come to the 
nuurketts in the champion part of Norfolke." 

ff. 246-264. — ^^ Taxes and subsidies of old, and their originall." 

ff. 266-7. — Judgment in a case between Thomas Norris and Bar- 
tholomew Johnson touching the " fould-corses " in the manor of Amner, 
Norfolk ; 16th May, 2 Charles I. 

ff. 268-287. — Rough draft of a treatise on the fold-courses of 

A rough list of the contents of the volume lies in it, which is 
apparent^ in the handwriting of Rev. Osmond de Beauvoir, being 
written on the back of a letter addressed to him. 

XXXIII. Miscellanea. 

[No. 120. 17.] ff. 1-47. 1688[-9], Jan.- Feb.— Debates in the 
Conyention and at the conference between the two Houses. 

ff. 48-241.— Cavendish's Life of Wolsey; not quite perfect at the 

ff. 242-296. — The treatise by Edward Fox, bishop of Herefonl, printed 
in 1548 under the title, De vera differentia regia potestatis et eccle* 
^ioiHem ; in » fonnal scribe's hand ; with a few marginal notes, to which 


Us<.i>p tlic frilh \vin;r "'^to refers: '* Hoc MS. omonflAtum est a Petro Junio." 
i^V RXKi\?>i* ^^"*-* ^*'"^ *^ wantinj^ l»el wocn ff. 2'u\-4. At the end id the following note, 
- -' " " in 11 hiuiil of th« ISih conliiry, '*The priiittMl liook has a preface and a 
short conclusion which arc not in tliisMS., but this MS.— which probablj 
WAS tlie first ()csi<;n, sent hy the author to some judic.iouA friend to ravicc 
— hiis M? thinr;s which are niarkt with ii line down the side, and aomc- 
times with a Cave, wliich are left out in the print, tho* Boinetimea the 
print 1ms inserted something; elsi^ instead of them.'* Two passages an 
marked witli Cf/ve ; one being the (| notation from St. Au^stine's 
livtmrtat tones of his interpret at icn of the words Ty e« Petnu &€-, 
and the other hein;; tliese word<, ''prescripto divo Thoma Cantuarit*nti 
tuni tenipoiis nrchicpiscopo." The sng;;este<l nltenitions are in a hand 
resembling CranmerV. 

ff. 2y9-:J00.— ** Tho government of the Kirk of »Scotland." 

f. 'lOl. — Suggestions for comprchcnsiuu of No n -conformists after 
the Kes-toration and for imlulgencc. 

ff. 3i»2-S. — '* Orationes diceniln 8ui»er Rogem et Rcginam Anglitt in 
die C'oroimeionis." 

Xoi foiiatt'ti. — Verses on Pitt's translation of Virgil and on Dr- 
Itowden's trauslationit, by — I'otter, of Knianuel (^)lcgu, Cambridge. 

f. .311. 1612G. — OlHeers slain and taki*n prisoner!} at the Isle o- 

f. .'U2. — Satirical lines on Mrs. Saturnic and a lawyer, Mr. Cooke. 

f. .'{13. — Political ballad of the time of James I., in s>CTeuteen st 
each of which ends with the words "pay for all.*' 
Begin*, ** The Scotchmen artr but bcggera Vft, 

Although their begiringe was not small, 

Hut now a I^Mrliament ilnth sittu 

A hub^idy >haU {my for all.'* 

f. lU t. — " A grave p«Hme as it was presented by ccrtaype devy; 
wayi- of interlude bi-fon* bis Maje^tye in C ainbrid<;e, called imiber 
tie adviutu Rvtjis ail Ciininhritjittm^ faytlifidlye [turned] into Englb 
with *^ti\\w lilN'rall udvanta;;t' made, ratli«T to Im* scmge then reade, to 
tune III' finnm'r AV//." " iJy an Oxford Scliollrr." 

Ib*:;iii?«, ** It is nut vet a fourtlini;;lit sineo 
Jjitt'tia i*n1ertavi!i*d luir Prince.** 

ff. .Tlii- 3'Jo. — Of the premgaiive of tin* King'* of England in 
ecrli'»»ia^tical law**. 

ff. .*) 2 1 -.'{•{.'{. — ''Of Kxcoinmunieation ; how far the Kings of Engis^*^ 
liave riinccrned tlifniM-lvcs tIi«Tewitli." 

IT. ;;i>'i--.'M.'l. — Of i-xi'iiiptinn-i fruni epi*>i'u]»al juri^liction granted ft^J 
Kin'.:- "f Kngliiiid (u ni«»iia«(i-iit->. 

11. .'U'i-3.'**^. — '* Till* din'ovrry of the p<»y?oninge of Sir T. 

ff. .'i«i< 1-377. — A b<Nik contaiiiiiifT cnpii*^ df the pniH*rs following :-» 

i Loid Ibirlei;;!!*'^ r*'l'ly *^' ^'"' < '«»Hn(*ll Tabic tu objections tot 
Qut'4-n''^ jiiiniiit; with fliu Siatrs against Spain. 

ii. " A bii'ilb* djj'r'mr"* of tlir Lnwi- C'oiintrye**.** 

iii. •■ Tin* ^tatt• nf a .^•fTi'iaryt> plm*c and the j»crill ; '* bj Hob*** 
[('e<'ilj Ia!#* Karl of Sali«»biiry. 

fl' .'{NO- to:^. Ui3 1 .— Tlir> trial of M.Tvy n Touchet, Earl of CastleharC*' 


t 404-411, 414-6.— Letters and verses written by Sir W. Raleigh Msaoi 
bi-e his ezecutiony with his speech on the scaffold. GvmSrfBil. 

'. 412. — ^Verses "upon Sir W. Bauligh, against Sir Lewis Stukye's 


Begin, " In all that was or is we see." 

*. 418. — ^Lines on Sir W. Raleigh. 

BegiD, '* Great harte, who taughte the so to dye." 

F. 414-15. — Miscellaneous verses. 
L " Newes from Hell." 

Begin, <* In Hell of late there grewe a greate disorder." 
ii. On the Duke of Buckingham. 
Begins, ^* Nowe let us all rejoyce, singe poems all, 
For Buckingham is nowe made Admirall." 
A.t the foot of these two is written, ^^ Poems made by the King's 

iii. Against Tobacco. 
Begins, ^* Here's a tobacco shopp, and in the seller." 

f. 416. 1624, Sept. — Grant of lands in Ireland to the Duke of 

ff. 417-9,— Privy Seal grants in Oct. 1618 and Feb. 1623. 

£ 421-2. — Facsimile of the commencing words of the Gkispels of St. 
ark and St. Luke in Lombardic characters in some very early MS. 
A fragment (six leaves) of a copy of a tract urging James I. not to 
andon the war against Spain, probably Scott's Vox Popvliy lies loose 
the volume. 

XXXIV. Miscellanea. 

[No. 121. 18.1 pp. 1-124. — Numerous pedigrees, with arms, &c. ; 
dading Bardoff, Calthrop, Gumey, and esped^ly Spelman ; epitaphs 
I Tsrious churches on members of the Spelman family ; copies of Spel- 
an wills, 1432-1644. 

]^. 125-7. — ^Articles of inquiry under a royal commission in 1564 
i^pecting the shipping trade, ports, and creeks, in Norfolk. 

pp. 128-133. — ^Paper in vindication of the claim to regard King Alfred 
^^ flie Founder of Oxford, by Sir John Spelman; "copyed from the 
iginal of Sir John's by me Chas. Spelman, June 10, Ann® 1672 at 

^Pp. 144-165. — Collections relating to Yarmouth, to the year 1590 , 
^th abstracts of the town charters. 

p. 166. — ^Pedigree of King James I. 

Pp. 167-172. — " Cantuarlencis sedis privilegia et prerogativa." 
jfMs is printed in [Usher's] Antiquitates Britannicse." 

^PP. 173-4.— "The first draft of the Petition to His Majestic con- 
-*Tiinge religion agreed upon by the Commons House of Parliament. 
- . June 29." 

P- 176. 162y[-9], Jan.— Parliamentary notes. 

p. 177 and 259. 1638, July 8.—** The Duke of Lenox his speech to 
*i« Majestic concerning the proposition of war for Scotland." 

p. 180. 1624, May.— The King's speech to the Lords of the Higher 

U 60050. T. 


MS^ov p. 181.— The case of Sir Thomai Lake, Secretary of State, plainliff. 

GmnTEt^. Agftinst Luke Hatton, defendant, in the Star Chan^r. 

p. 182-244. 1639, July 30.— << Of the original of feuds id EngiaDde: 
written by Sir Henry Spelman, knt., for supportation of a ptigt 
touching them in his Glossary. 

p. 244.*~Notes of punishments for slandering judges. 

p. 245. — Notes of Parliaments or King's Couneils, 1228-5. 

p. 246. — Explanation of the word Thane as meaning ** ana senraad," 
and as being equivalent to the son of an Earl; writteo by a SeottU 

p. 247. — Speech of the Duke of Buckingham in Parliainent about the 
war with Spain, and the cost of fitting out a fieet. 

p. 249. — Declaration of Charles I. *' concerning the Treaty and hii 
dislike of the army's proceedings, delivered by Tlis Migesty at hii 
departure from the Isle of W^^ht and commanded to be publisbed br 
satisfaction to his subjects ;*' with " His Mi^esty's prayer ior a blefiitg 
upon the Treaty." 

p. 250-1. 1642.—" The resolution of the Deputy Lieuteoaals of tW 
county of Essex who are appointed to be a Committee to take etn d 
the safety of that county and to provide for the fortifying theicof 
sgainst all foreign and other forces in pursuance of the ■ssociatiofi now 
entered into by the inhabitants of the counties of Essez, Saflblk, 
Norfolk, Cambridge, and Hertford, according to the Order of hA 
Houses of Parliament." 

p. 252. Tefnp, Eliz.— <' The Earle of Bathe his case betweM his 
and Mar^'e Cornewallvs." 

pp. 253-5. 1577, Oct. 18. — " A short somme of a speache delsfCffJ 
by Her Maj. Principall Secretary [Walsingham] to Monsieur VLffAr 
kirke " touching the receiving of Matthias the Emperor** bob for 
Governor of the Low Countries. 

p. 262. 1 024. » Address of Parliament to James I. thanking him t* 
abandoning the S|>Anish match, and approving of the Palatinate wsr. 

p. 262^. 1623, March 13.— The King's speech at WhitefaalL 

p. 2Gk--CredentiAU fmm Shah Abbas, of Persia, in behalf of' Sr 
Thomas Slierloy ; with a decree declaring his dominions open ibr aU 
Christian |>eople to traflick there. 

pp. 265-S, 271-4. — Lijit of ships, with their captains and crevi^ i* 
the s(|ua4lronH of the Fnrl of Eiwex, the Lord Admiral, Lord I'hoWi* 
Howard, and Sir Waller Raleigh. 

p. 270. — liiit of twenty-fix ])ersons imprisoned for conspincy with ^ 
Qu(*<Mi of Scots. 

Beifins, *' Antonv jiabbvntono^ . ,<., „, 

JJar„..Wen ' r:^'^!i'r 


Endi*, " Ahbynion, sen. 

Abbynton, juii. ^not yet taken." 


p. 273. — *' The (juet'ns praver for the prosperous succeM of ^ 

}in Elye PL 
in ward.* 



pp. 275-8. — Account of Sir Walter ltaU-igh*s execution, 
pp. 270-W\ — T^mp, EliR. — Hook of rates for Berwick. 


)l-3. [15761 18 Eliz.— Exchequer Revenue account. ll8S.o* 

4% K — *^Thti voyage of Ociher to the North East parts ouBnr.Bao. 

16-7, — "The Sovereign's Answer to the Gloucestershire Ad- 
a satirical political lampoon in the time of Queen Anne. The 
is supposed to be given bj the Duke of Somerset. 

). 1641 [-2], March 7, 8. — "Passages upon the reading of the 

;ion to the King at Newmarket bj the Committee of both 


91-5. 1644, Oct. 11.— <<The argument of John Heme of 
iB Inn, Esq., made before the Lords in Parlement in the cause 
<awde Lord Archbishopp of Canterburye." 

»*. 1692, May 16. — Copy of a public recantation made by 
Duke of Richmond of his conversion to the Church of Bome. 

»^. — Antiquity and use of original writs in Chancery. 

nsn. 1600, Feb. 19.—" The argumentes and speaches of the 
»f Essex and Southampton uppon their arraignment at Westm.. 

L 1676, July 24. — " Moodoo Soodun's translation of the Saun- 
le epitome or sum of the Four Beads] into Hindostana language, 
he Sinscreet, and translated from him into English by John 
L" Twenty-six leaves. A letter from W. Salmon to Dr. Covel 
jed, with which he returns the MS. which had been kept "for 
Duke's inspection." 

L 1677. — "The sfteech of L[aurencej H[yde] now Earl of 
te]r to the King of Poland." 

i. — " Mr. Haynes's recantation — prologue after his retume from 
i his first appearance on the stage ;" a satire in verse. 

\ &c. Temp, Charles II. — Papers printed and MS. concerning 
r reversions of offices in London. 

1587[-8.] — " A dissuasion from peace with King Phillippe, 
in January 1 587 when our embassadoure were readie to goe to 
ibout the eame ;" an address to Queen Elizabeth. 

I.— Statement of considerations and arguments which led the 
» abandon the Church of Rome ; written in the time of James I. 
res. Begins, *' I was a recusant by cause I was taught from my 
> beleeve the Catholique Church by my creede." 

XXXV. Sib Geobge Downing's Journal, 1658. 
124.] fol. pp. 186. — In 1719 in the possession of Ben. Leo. 

al kept by George Downing, afterwards Sir George, of his 
to Holland, as Resident there for the Protector and Common- 
Vom 2nd Jan. 1657-8, the day of his leaving London, to 7th Oct. 
ime year. It contains the account of his negotiations as mediat- 
peace between the States General and Portugal, and also with 
3 to the war between Sweden and Denmark, and concludes with the 
ade with Portugal in Oct. Copies of all the Memorials and other 
iterchanged with the States are given, some of which relate also to 
India trade and to questions concerning prize vessels. At p. 62 is 
)n exhibited to the States General by Adrian and Cornelius 
1 respecting a debt for money lent by them for purchase of 

L 2 


JoH?HnRT *™'""!"*^®" ^y an agent of Scotland in 1644, which was referred to 
OrsjTET. Esg. Downing hj a resolution of 5th April. On 10th Sept Downing iend* ft 
Memorial to the States General, desiring that articlea 9 and 1 1 of the 
Treaty with England, prohibiting reception of rebels and dediicd 
enemied of the Commonwealth, may be observed, Charles Stuart, with 
the Earl of Ormond and others havmg been lately at the Bosch, Heoi^ 
den, SuillcHton, and other principal places. Sir Edw. Hyde residing ftt 
Breda, and Lord Taaf and O'Neale and divers other rebels being now it 
the Uagl](^ Tliis is printed in Thurloe's State Papen^ Vol. VII^ 
p. 362. J With reference to this Memorial a former posaessor of the 
volume ban inserted part of No. III. of The Student^ or the (kftrd 
Monthly Miscellany tor Mai'ch 31, 1750, containing a story, fron ft 
paper written by J. Lockhart, of Downing's coming in disguise ti» 
Charles II. immeiliately u|x>n the latter's airiving secretly at the Hsgoe, 
and urging his instant deiMirturc, on account of the above treaty pro- 

Among miscellaneous manuttcripts, not historical, there are Lydgate'i 
Drttrurtion of Thebes (which formerly l)elonged to ^ Antonios llorel- 
lus, Parrhisiensis niodicus *') ; Guwer*s Confessio A mantis ; • Tolinne 
written in the 15th century, containing three mystery plays, of Wisdooi, 
of Mercy, and of the Castle of Perseverance ; and ^ A menre eoterlade 
entitled Jiespublica^ made in the year 1553." In a medical M8. of the 
latter part of the thirteenth century, containing, amongst other thiBf* 
the •« rractica Nicolai," «* Dc pauione capitis;* " De fehrihmsi' Ac 
which have been erroneously attributed in a late hand to Nich. Hostn- 
sham, who is said to have lived in 1443, there is prefixed on a fly-Istf 
the *^ Stans pticr ad tnensam *' which is cntithHl*^ Versus Sancti Roierii 
Grossetvdi Lincoln" This MS. Mongcnl to one " Antony Shnptoo." 
Of HiiiniM>lcV Stimulus Comrirnda^ with other things, there is a food 
MS. of the tnd of thr 14tli oontury. Of treatiseson Alchemy, AtMag 
and (looinetry there an* several MSS. 

^A brief relation of the travells of Jerom Salter^* in AmWaM vi 
the iiihnuls of the ArchiiM'lugo from 7th Sept. IGGS, the day he \A 
London, to Auguht 1G79 ; with very many copies of Greek inacripliooii 
a few of which are lielievetl, according to a note inserted in the veloBC* 
never to have l>ei*n printed. 

" The origination of government, or the fundamental laves of EiiglsD<i 
both moral and liivinc invad<Hl hy a tiranicnl and arbitrary power," l? 
— Warner ; [agiiinst James II.] ; dated at the end, ''Dtiver^ OctM 
168S." 2 vol?*, folio. 

Amongst MSS. relating to the local history of Norfolk are tbc 
following : — 

The oripnal -MS. of Fr. Blomefield's History of Xorvich^ in two f«U^ 
foUo. 1745. 

ih*tnry if Xorurichy by John Mackerell, 1737 ; 2 %*oIsl, quarto. 

Vaiur A'ccUsiasticHs for Nc»rfoIk and Sufiblk, with the nassef O" 
patrons and incuniU^nts in 1672, "transcribed out of Mr. Hilary Baylf** 
[book] by nic Edw. iSerkhani." Folio. 

William Dun.n Macbai- 




fhis collection consists chiefly of pi^rs which came to the family 
n William Jessop, of Gray's Inn, who was Clerk to the Council 
State and to the Hoase of Commons at the time of the Restora- 
i, and who died in March 1674-5. His only child Anne married 
diam Hulton, alias Hilton, who died in 1694. The most important 
t of the collection consists of a series of letters from the second 
i of Essex to Queen Elizabeth, many of which have been printed 
the Hon. W. B. Devereux's Lives of the Earls of Essex, 
w the family became possessed of these has always oeen cen- 
tred a mystery; but the examination of Jessop's papers has far- 
led the probable clue. Jessop is found to have acted as legal 
nt for the executors of the third Earl, the Parliamentary General, 
1647-8, and these letters most likely therefore came into his 
ds together with the papers relative to the affairs of that Earl. And 
EBtum of these letters to the Essex family, together with the letters 
Iced below of the Earl of Leicester, may have been procured, 
rnbHj after Queen Elizabeth's death, by the aged Countess of Leicester, 

was the mother of the ill-fated Earl of Essex as well as Leicester's 

Fhe family of Hulton has, in the direct line, been seated at the place 
m which it takes its name from the time of Henry II. And many 
iy deeds relating to the estates, dating from the time of Edward L, 
i preserved, some of which have their seals attached. Among these 
i tvo from John De La Warre, Lord of Manchester. 

The next oldest documents are the two following bulls : — 

L [1897] an 8., 14 kal. Jan. [Dec. 19]. Rome.— Bull from Pope 
Muace IX. to John de Adyngham, canon of the Priory of Kertmell, 
ithoiising the confessor whom he shall choose to grant him plenary 
iohition once, when at the point of death, provided he remain in the 
Dlj of the Roman Church, and that satisfaction be made by him to 
lyone to whom satisfaction is due ; provided also that if, relying on 
a remission, he be led to commit any unlawful acts, it shidl no longer 
liL With the leaden bulla; and endorsed with the form of 

IL 1435, an 5., 5 id. Feb. (Feb. 9). Florence.--Similar bull from 
ope £ugenius IV. to William Hales (?, natne nearly erased)^ priest, 
ioon of the priory of Cartmel, with the same limitations, and providing 
90 that he shall for one year from the time of receiving this grant, 
St on every Friday, or if already bound to fast on that day, then on 
me other day of the week ; or if he cannot conveniently ^ commode ") 
tserve this fast at any time, then his confessor shall commute it for 
ne other works of piety. With the bulla. 

In Rev. Jos. Mendham's book on the Venal Indulgencies of the 
mrch of Rome (1839, p. 134), these bulls arc incorrectly described, 
m the report of a speech delivered in 1835, as having been granted 

1 member of the family of Hulton and his successors, 

.456, July. — Composition settled by arbitration by John, Thomas, 
[ William, Abbots of Fountains, Salley, and Eirkstall, in a dispute 
ween John, Abbot of Roche, and Ralph. Abbot of Whalley, 


MNlov respecting the tithes of Hildebrithorpy in the parish of RocMiif. 
HrLTOv.EfQ. Seals lost. 

148C, Nov. 5.— Will of John Huiton, Esq. His bodj to bo buried 
in the parish church of Dejne, to which he leaves twentj marks for tbe 
building a chapel on the north side, twelve marks for the providiog a pricft 
to celebrate there for two years for his soul and those of his parents, sod 
ten marks to maintain the service of the Blessed Virgin Marj. 

A collection of letters of the Earl of Leiceetery and of and to tiK 
second and third Earls of Es^ex, but chieflj consisting of fetlenfrom 
the second Earl to Queen Elizabeth. 

I. — The Earl of Lricester to Quebn Elizabeth. 

N.Y. June 1. — Dated from Harden Castle, ''a howse of my L of 
Derbjes nere Chester, in the conlines of Wales," where he has coos 
'*this day." Have passed through such desert countries as aektoBi I 
Bup]K>se, are to be found anywhere, by miserable ways ; conscqucntlj, 
have only this day met with one of my messengers whom I had seal 
from Kenil worth, hy whom 1 hear of your health, and of my 
nephew Sidney's letters, as also from Mr. Secretary of yonr giaciooft 
acceptation of my kite 8cribble<l lines to you ; am most glad to hear thst 
you have thought upon a ^* tliini way betweno those ij ways." 

II.— The Same to the Same. 

N.D. [1588, July?]— "In som hast from Tylbury, this Satordsy." 
No cause for me to trouble you touching your army here* " bvt sD 
things are as well, as quyett, and as forwardly bent to yonr aerryoe u 
any soldyers or subjects in the worM can be. But yet I may not roi]ptt 
upon my knees to veld to your moost swte Majeste all humble and 
dutyfnl thanks for the great comfort I receive ever from jroor ovto 
Bwete self. I am s(»rry that I can wrvte your Majeste no newes, jc^ 
most gladd that I may hold up my hantis to God for the mereyfatt 
dealing he useth towarde you, for by the newes we hear he fighleth foe 
you, and your enyniyes fall l>efore yon. Lett all honour prayie an^ 
glory l»e gi^ven him therfore, and loom not, gratious la., any ftfrnaJMi b* 
gevi'tli you agtrnst his enyniyes and yours. This ronnagala had> 
peniseid your camp here, and even nowys my 1. of Ormondaud Mr.SlnP* 
nopp* aryved, and they be ah^^ going to vew your people, who ar 9^ 
semel V to be sene as any in Crystendom I think. Many [of ?1 jo^^ 
hors nave fayled, and surely twm punyshment must follow. I ba^^ 
wrytten to my LL. of som of the offenders, who ar to many at soda * 
time.*' Seal, the bt'sr and rRgt^fnl staff within the Garter. 

III. — The Eakl or Essex to tlie Same. 

[150<\] Oct. 7. London. — On her requiring payment of a loan ^ 
3,000/., which ho hayn hlie had once promistHl to give him. *' In k^^^ 
ther can lie nothing more bitter thsn nnkindiies." ** I wold I oold wi^ 
the loFM^ of all th«* lantl I hn\<* as well refiayrc the breach which j i ^^ 
unkind aniiswir hath niaik* in my hart, as I can with the sale of o^^ 
poorc manncrt aunewcr the minimc which your Majestie takes ^ 



* AfftTwanU I^rd iStaiih<i|(e of Harrington. 
t The maoor of Keyntoo, llnnft. 

Printed in Captain W, B. Devereux's Lives and Letters of the Earls w^y^^J. 
of Essexy 1853, Vol. I^ p. 207. The spelling is modernized in all the hvltov.Bs^ 
letters printed in this work. "^ 

IV.— The Same to the Same. 

[1591, July.] — On the second day after learing her for his 
expedition to France, to assist King Henry IV. in Normandy. 
7&tV/., p. 219. 

V. — The Same to the Same. 

[1591, Sept.]. — ''In my jorney to the K., I had some trouble, and in 
returning from him I have bene full of care how to preserve your 
Majesties people and save mine owne poore creditt. I had an enemy 
6 tymes ray number thatt did continually lye in the way for me, and 
jrett with the help of good guydes I did avoyde meeting with ther 
grcatt troupes, and with keping my men in good order, I made ther 
carrers run before us." That I have not heard from you since I came 
into France has grieved me more than an overthrow. When your 
favour is gone from me, my soul shall retire from my body. Slightly 

This letter, and those which follow, are sealed with the earl's seal of 

VI.— The Sams to the Same. 

[1591,] September 12. Ar({ues. — A long letter vindicating his conduct 
in France against her censures contained in a letter from her of Srd Sept. 

Ilnd^ pp. 235-7. For " neither for love nor for hire," read " neither 
for love nor for hope"; and put a note of interrogation after ''do for 
me"; for "importuning" read "importunity"; for "kept the foot- 
men " read " leit the footmen " ; and for " bearing all their victual " 
read " having all ther vittell." There are also a few minor verbal 

VII.— The Same to the Same. 

[1591,] September 14. Arques. — I and the ambassador are going 
this afternoon to speak with Marshal Biron. " I protest unto your 
Hajestie that unkindnes and sorow have broken both my hart and mj 

Knd., p. 241. 

VIIL— The Same to the Same. 

l^.D. — Complaining strongly of her unkindness, and deprecating 
recall of the army from France as entailing ruin on the French King 
And disgrace upon himself. 

Rid., pp. 241-2. Omit " again " after *' Your Majesty's face." 

IX. — The Same to the Same. 

N.D. — A short letter. — I have lived too lone if slander and suspicion 
^ dare to threaten to take your favour Irom me. " I do humbly 
^Wke your Majestic that you vouchsafed to write. I do reverence 
^ oracle, and wold never shun any destiny thatt yt assignes me." 

X. — ^The Same to the Same. 

K.D. Rye. — A short letter, announcing his return to England ; 
''Hye, this Thursday Night." 
Und,, p. 244. 


118^0* XI.— The Samx to the Same. 

HvtToir, Esq. N.D. — A short letter, complaining of her I'eoeption of him. *'I 
jour Majestie is constant to mine me.^ 
Ibid., ib. 

XII.— The Same to the Sams. 

[1591,] October 16. Dover. — On his returning to France. 
Ibid,, p. 246. For *' enjojed " i-ead " joyed.- 

XIII.— The Same to the Same. 

[1501,1 October 18. Dieppe. — Professing affection. Will laaT^ 
matters of business for letters to the Council. '* The two windowea of your 
privy chiunlx^r shall b<> the poles of my sphere, wher, as long as your 
Majestie will please to have me, I am fixed and unmoveable.*' 

Ibid., pp. 24JV-50. For " When your Majesty thinks " read «* When 
you think." 

XIV.— The Same to the Same. 

X.D. — *' My afi*cction doth teach me to be a diligent adyertiier, fur 
I, who can never sufficiently expresse the infinite greattnea of mj doty 
and affection, do catch hold u|>on all occasions to make a de<patch for 
England, wherein I have lulvertised my Lord Tresorer of the King's 
approching and uf the Mart^hairs proccedingtis. To your Mi^estie I 
can si*nd no newes butt thatt tlie siune mind which hath ever most 
f ay th fully loved and religiously honor(*<l your Majestic doth now in 
absence study to oxpresM^ half so much as yt doth conceaoe ; and yf 
your Mujet*tie do beleeue how much I do abono all men striae to make 
my affection worthy of you, you shall <It*ul(' gratiously as a Queen and 
yctt butt justly as long as you geue me leaue to loue you, for tbongh I 
craue this in all humblcnes as of grace, yett your Majestie doth owe yt 
of right." 

XV.— The Same to the Same. 

N.D. — On Ijeginning to l»esiege Rouen. *' Being coma hither 
within five Icagt's of Roane, an«l reiuly this night to invest yt* I melt 
with Sir l^iger \V[illia]ms, who liath described unto roe the desponte 
estate uf thi> niisfTiibU* ciiiitry. T}i«> poverty of the King, the mutinj 
of the Allmayiies, and the* litlc ai^.^^umnco of tlu! French Catholikei^ do 
threaten the ruin<* of Kraun(*o yf your Majestic l>e not the eonsemcr. 
U|M)n his comniing I thought yt a ntttressary duty to fl4*nd him onto 
your Majestic, first to informe your Majestie of the Kins's stnte, 
and then to brin^ unto me }our gratious pleasure for your Jtlajesties 
people h«*4>n*. I U'.-«<*ach your >Iajrstie huere him with faror and 
di»]Mitch him with H|K*«*ile ; for within these 12 days I shall hane no 
meam's to kef|>e your Mujesties trou|M*s to<;i*ther exi*ept I be snpplyed 
from your Majestie or from the King, an«l to leauc Roane for want 
when liuane weare half won wearc both dinlionorable and dangerons. 
I tliinke I cold make a litle money htivtcii farr, butt wee want men aawsll 
as money, and yf your Majestie si>nd a supply 1 thinke I shallbe aMe 
to arme as many more a^ 1 liaue.*' 

XVI. — The Samk to the Samb. 

[1501,] NovemlK*r 2. — Announcing that Rouen is beaieged^ and 
desiring supplie<«. , 

Ibid., pp. 266-4>. For *' troop " read ** troops," and for ^ the aombcr ' 
** their number." 

XVn.— The Same to the Same. J!*&<>J 

N.D.— Croydon, " this Tusdaj morning." — Professing extravagant H^^^^**^- 

Ibid., p. 292. 

XVin. — The Eabl of Essex to his mother, the Countess of 


N.T., September 1. Lees. — Excusing the signing of some letter 
with which she had found herself grieved, but protesting that he could 
onij have set his hand to it ere he knew what it was. *' And jett I 
am sure ther was never any in thatt phice thatt was more scrupelous or 
thatt did refuse more ; for in those cases whether I haue not the bond 
of duty and affection to tye I am hardly drawne to prejudice any. And 
therefore I hope your Ladiship will be satisfyed for thatt error. I will 
nott trouble your Ladiship with the newes of out paltry troublesome 
world, which hath made me a greatt deale both honester and thriftyer 
then euer I was or shbld haue bene els." 

XIX. — ^The Eabl of Essex and Sib Robert Cecil to the Queen. 

N.Y. — We were ready, this morning to have attended your Majesty's 
ordinary service at the Star Chamber, *^ but thatt extraordinary and 
more important cause caryed us to the Tower. Ther wee spent the 
whole forenoone, and because the matter of trafike of your Majesties 
Merchant Adventurers was to be hard att the Starr Chamber in the 
aftemoone wee returned thither, and attended my LL. Now wee are 
agayne mining further into these practises and trayterous conspiracyes 
which held us in the morning. And of all thatt we haue or shall do wee 
will geve your Majestic accompt tomorrow morning. In the meane 
tyme wee do most humbly beseach your Majestic to be more carefull of 
your royall person, and lesse secure then your owne sweete nature and 
prinoely magnanimity do make you." 

It is probable that this letter refers to the conspiracy of Lopez in 1694. 

XX. — The Eabl of Essex (when setting out on the second Spanish 

expedition) to the Queen. 

[I5979] June 23. Sandwich. — ^Thanking her, in extravagant terms, 
for a letter. Heavens and earth shall wittnes for me I will striue to be 
worthy of so high a grace and so blessed a happioes." 

IbitLy p. 413. 

XXI.— The Same to the Same. 

[1597,1 June 25. Sandwich. — *^ For your Mcyesties many high and 

>retiouB favors, namely for sending this worthy knight to deleuer your 

' ' to this fieete and army, butt above all other for your Majesties 


bestowing on me thatt fayre Angell which yon sent to garde me, for 
these I say I neyther can write wordes to expresse my humble thank- 
fblnes nor perfourme service fitt to acknowledg such duty as for these 
I owe." 

Ibid,, p. 414. 

XXII.— The Same to the Same. 

S1597,] June 27. The Downs. — With account of the movements 
preparations of the fleet. 



^ow Ibid., p. 4 1 5. For •* this day " read " this daye's** ; for <' War^iMghC 

.^; B^Q. *' WasUpight" ; and for "^ four fly boats '' << 5 flyboats.** 

XXIIL— The Same to the Same. 

[1597,] June 28. The Downs. — Thanking her, in hia usual aiylet 
for a letter and message. 
Ibid.y p. 416. 

XXIV.— The Same to the Same. 

SI507,]June6. Weymouth. — Sending a messenger from the tet, 
recommending his cousin Fulk Grcvill; 
Ibid,, p. 417. For *'your poor vassal/' read "your poor Tasili"; 
for ** concern," read " conserve." 

XXV.— The Same to the Same. 

[1507,] July 6. PortUnd Road— Sending thanks for the ^* fyr^ dasrt 
tokens, both the watch, the thome, and above ail the Angell which ym 
sent to garde me ; for your Majesties sweet lettres indited by the 
spirite of spirites." 

Ibid., p. 419. For ** used to do " read " use to do." 

XXVI.— The Same to the Same. 

[1597,] July 6, '« Att midnight.**- Will fetch oo board the fleet to- 
night 500 aoldiejrs who disorderly do loiter ashore. 
Ibid,, p. 420. 

XXVIl.— The Same to the Same. 

[1597,] Jul^r 10. Plymouth, ''setting seale.'*— On the cooditios of 
the fleet and its manning. 

/6tif., pp. 425-7. For ** as useful to bring myself hone^" read ^ as 
cireful to bring myself home." After '* since the action is joor own," 
insert, " the counsayle your owne, and the glory must be your owne.** 

XXVIII.— The Same to the Same. 

[1597,] July 12. *' From aboonf your Majestio9 good ship the Miie- 
honore." — On sending by a messenger of her own choice an aeeoQOt of 
state of the fleet and army. 

XXIX.— The Same to the Same. 

[1507,] July 10. Falmouth [«' Fawmouth "].— On sending 
messenger [Sir Thomas Gates], after damage to the fleet by a 
Ibid., p. 433. 

XXX —The Same to the Same. 

[1597,] July 20. Plymouth. — Has come uU night poit over the 
rugged mountains of Cornwall on hearing that Kideigh with direfS 
ships was at Plymouth ; mentions the ships and officers found thenu 

/6iVf.,p. 434. For '' Warsipieht,** read <' Wastupight ** ; for «*llniy 
Roee," " Mayrose" ; for •* Mere Honor," •* Mirehonore.*' 

XXXI— The Same to the Same. 

[1597,] Aug. 14. — '* I do geue accompt to My LL. cf the elate of 
your Majesties floefe, and to yourmOf nott my wordee bnti mj 
speaketh aflectionatest wishes and faythfulleet vowes.** 


XXXIL— The Samb to the Samb. 

415979] Aug. 16. — On sending Sir R. Crosse with a despatch. 
bid,, p. 446. For ** Outer Sound " read " Ofe sound." 

XXXIII.— The Same to the Same. 

[1597,] Ang. 16.— ** From aboord the Dew Repulse." Sending a 
messenger, who is highly commended, for further directions. 
Ibid., p. 448. For ** from your direction " read " from you direction." 

XXXIV.— The Same to the Same. 

[1597,] Aug. 31.—'' From the height 39." On the change of plans 
relative to Ferrol and to the fleet from the *' Assurreys " (Azores). 

/6td; pp. 453-4. For '< is attested," read *< is altered "; and for " than 
all men else have, do, or shall have," ** then all men els thatt have, do, 
or shall live." 

XXXY. — The Same to the Same, on his retiring from Court. 

N.D. — Complaining of her nnkiudness. 
Ibid^ pp. 462-3. 

XXXVI.- The Sams to the Same. 

N.D. — ^Thanking her for her *' kind and often sending " to enquire 
about his health. 

Ibid., p. 465. Omit " again " after " life." For <• justness of love," 
read " justice of love." 

XXXVII.— The Same to the Same. 

N.T. [1698 ?] Sept. 20. London. — ^I send Mr. Darcy " to know how 
your Majestic doth ; and I had bene mine owne messenger had I nott had 
this very dav infinite busines." I crave pardon for my ill writing, 
*^ having the nedd ake, the hart ake, and the mind ake all att once." I 
beseech you ** to give tins man some gratious comfort in his sute." 

XXXVIII.— The Same to the Same. 

[1598,] Sept. 20. London. — In* reply to a message from her by 
Mr. Gerard that she valued herself at as great a price as he valued 
himself. Since she has driven him to despair, he seeks freedom. 

Ibid, p. 497. For *' I seek, Madam, but as yet I find nothing," read, 
** I seeke freedom, butt as yett I find yt in noUung." 

XXXIX.— The Same to the Same. 

NJD. — Upbraiding her for <* the intolerable wrong" she has done 

Ibid, p. 493. For " in life," read " of my lyfe "; for " whatsoever 
falls out, that," " that, whatsoever falls out "; for " owe my life," ** owe 
you my lyfe." 

XL. — ^The Same to the Same. 

[1599,] N.D. — Recommending a gentleman who desires to leave 
Ireland for England ; " thatt any men should leave purgatory to go to 
paradise, yt is nott strange." 

Ihid., VoL II., p. 68. For " alarum " read " alarums " ; for " render," 
** tender " ; for " None," " For none " ; for " a stroke," *< a blow." 


W. W^. D. 


^M^of XLI.— The Same to the Sams. 

HptTQg. BtQ, [1599.]— Vindicating himflclf on three pointo with referenoe to 
his government in Ireland, viz., his obedience to her commaDd to dieplaca 
Lord Southampton, the sending a list of offices, and the creatioD of 

Ibid., pp. 58-9. For <* there are three," read, '< thatt there are three ;" 
for *' which would make,'* '* and which would make." 

XLII.— The Same to the Saxb. 

[1599.] — Desiring either to have his services gracioaslj accepted, 
or to have leave to retire altogether. 

Ibtd.t pp. 56-7. For ** humblest vassal," read *' lojrallest BorranL" 

XLIII.— The Same to the Same. 

[1599.] — Asking that Jack RatclitT may have his waidriilp 
bestowed on him. 

Ibid,j p. 56. For '* of a bravo race," read '< to a brave race "; for 
" till I revenge," *• till I may revenge." 

XLIV.— The Same to the Same. 

[15<)9,] Aug. 30. <'Arbracken" [Ardbraccan].— Complaining 
bitterly of his *' banishment and proscription into the most cursed of 
all cuntryes " (Ireland). 

Ibid.f p. 68. 

XLV. — The Same to the Same, after his return from Irelaiid. 

[1599.] — A letter of humble submission. Endorsed as having been 
written from Wanstcati. 

Ibid,^ p. 83. For " in presumption " read ** bj presumption "; for 
"and recover," " and to recover." 

XL VI. —The Same to the Same. 

[1599?] — After being by her own voice commanded out of her 
presence, and by her liunds thrust out. Endorsed as having been written 
from Wanstcad. 

Ibid., pp. 129-138. For ** i)ar» ignava," read " |)ars ignavin.** 

XLVII. — The Same to Rogeb [Manners], fifth Eakl of Rutlamo. 

[1595,] Oct. 16. — Upon the letter's going abroad to travel; being a 
third letter of advice to him. 

The first letter of the tlireo is printed, from Ilarl. MS. 4888, in 
Dcven'ux's Lim of the Korijt n/ /Cmtex, Vol. I. pp. 322-332, but that 
two other letters were written on the same subject appoara to have 
been hitherto unknown. I therefore copy this third letter (whieh 
I foand amonpit confused niiM*ellanoous iia]K*n) in full. The neaiar 
part of it is written by an amanuensis, as mentioned by the Ean at ill 

*' My T.iOrd, hinct* you ha\e n'quin'<l of me some advice nowe at tba 
verie instant of your g(nng«\ 1 must not refuse you, thoughe my want 
of leisure and hc^alth will make that which vou receavo Crom me little 
worth. My first letter to your Ix)rdship did contayne generalitiea ; M 
second was particular, to din*<*t \o\i in course of studie; and tUa ahatt 
onlic tell you what are the notes I would wisah you to gather in your 
travaill, which being but a posting night's woorke after everie bowe ia 


gone to bed, I desire may be private to yourself, and may serve to awake <nPw^R 
joa in some things, though it cannot instruct you in aU. Hu£TavIJto< 

Wlien your lordship comes into any countrey, I would wissh you to """ 

observe the nature of the clymate and temperature of the ayre ; for so 
yoo shall beet judge of the heal thf nines of the place, and may have 
some inducement to gesse at the disposicion of the people. Also to 
mark the condicion of the soile, whether it be fertile or barren, 
mountaynous or eeven, full of woods or champion, and to note the 
principall rivers, their begynnings and course, the streights and passages 
that do seuer one province or peece of province from another, and what 
their length or bredth is ; the circuite and the diameter or length of the 
countrey : how it is peopled and inhabited ; what are the commodities 
with which it abounds, and which it vents, and of the other side what 
it wants, and drawes to it from forrain parts. What ports it hath, what 
shipping, and howe their trafficke lyes : how the people are armed and 
trayned : what fortified townes or castells, what revenewe, what arsenall, 
what alliaunces, and what known ennemies the State hath. For these 
things will leade you to knowe whether any countrye be ritch or poore, 
stronge or weake. But above all things I would have yon understand 
the manner of govemement of the place where you are ; where the 
flouveraintye is, in one, as in a mooarchie, in a fewe, or in the people ; 
or if it be mixt, to which of these formes it most inclines : next, what 
ministers of state and subaltemat governors, as counsaile and magistsats : 
thirdiie, by what lawes or customes it is governed : and lastlie, what is 
the execucion of justice in peace, and their discipline in warr. If your 
lordship will tell me that these things will be too manie to remember, 
I aunswere, that I had rather you trusted your note booke then your 
memorie. If you object that some of these things being martiall, and 
others points of State, you shall not be able to collect them, nor judge 
of them, I must aske you whether you would not get a pylote on a 
Btnnge coast, and guyde in an unknown way ? And so if where yon 
come you seeke after those things, you shell assoone fynd directors 
to guyde you to them as to any matters of sport or vanitie. The first 
thing your lordship must seeke in all this course, is Industrie ; for as 
greate diiference is betwixt it and idlenes as betwixt a ly ving man and 
a dead. The second is to direct that Industrie to good things ; for els 
the more you do the more yll you do, and the faster you goe the farther 
jou go owt of the way. The last is that you be rather endevoringe to 
do weU then beleeving you do well ; for besydes that all self conceyted 
young men do growe infinitelie vayne, when once, owt of opinion 
that they are wise or good inoughe, they hold themselves pleased withe 
themselves, they fall more backward in a monneth then they growe 
forward in a yeare. 

This was written yesternight att St Albon'^, butt so ill written as I 
was &yne to use my man's hand to copy yt out. Excuse its hasty 
writing, and my indisposicion after my iomey, which keepes me from 
correcting yt. More leysure may bring forth a worke of more price, 
though this, as all thatt I derect unto you, is full of affection, and 
accompanyed with my best wishes. 

From your lordship's most affectionate 

cosin and trew frend, 
This 1 6th of October. Essex." 

Addressed : — ** To the right honorable my verye good lord and 
coosen the Earle of Rutland." 


w/w^B XLVIII.— Bacon(" Fr. Vcrulam, Cane") to Robert DBTBRBnz,mBD 
HuLToy', Esg. Sarl OK EssEX, thanking him for a letter. 

1620, Nov. 7. York House. — Times for writing were nerer to toant 
with him ; returns his best wishes with regard to the noble anterpriie 
wherein Essex serves (viz., the expedition to the Palatinate). 

XLIX. — Charles, Elector Palatine, to the Same. 

1639, March 8-18. The Hagae. — Recommending the bearer, ** as one 
who hath followed me thi i last summer, and hath some yenraa served 
under the States and Swedes ; therefor I make noe doabt, but he will 
be fitt to doe his Miyesty some service that way, though I hope it will 
not be nesdfuU within his dominions." 

(E^scx was at this time the King's lieutenant-general in the espedi* 
tion against the Scots.) 

L. — [The Countess of] Kent to the Samr. 

N.D. — About becoming tenant of a house belonging to him, which it 
greatly desired. The letter is not dated, and is simply signed Kent, 
but it is evidently written by the wife of one of the Earls (probably 
Elia. Talbot, wife of Henry, seventh Earl, which Henry died in 1639) 
from the mention of **my Lord*' in the following sentence: *'I 
beseech you W pleasied tliat my Lords servis and myne be presented to 
my Lord of Harford and my Laiiy, with exceeding thanks for ther so 
noble pcrmisMion of us in theirs [i.^., in their house] for this time of 
our being so destitute.*' 

LL — ^The Earl of Holland to the Same. 

N.Y., Dec. 17. — A short letter, assuring him that all the writer^s 
best services are at his disposal. 

LII. — The Coi'NTKss of Lkickster to the Same, ** My hononraUe ders 

[grand] sonne.*' 

N.I). — *' My noble dero soime, my oulde age and thjrs coold wctber 
make I ninnot wright much, but you shall se I will doe my bast to 
get out my ill tenants, for I will be fede noe longare with fajre word*, 
and then you shall dyspos. So (iod allmy^rhtye bles you, with the 
rest of my dere chyld'eme thnr, with health and all happynea, as I 
evure rent 

Your grandmother derlye lovinge joo, 


Si*al, the l>ear and raggc<l staff. 

Ari*LK ation for a loan to tue Kino. 

[1628], an. 3, Feb. 7. — Printed form (printed in imitation of writinf) 
of application [frimi Charles I.] fur loans; the blanks filled op with 
the name of Thomas Paramour, c*9*4|., as collector, 500/. at tlie sum 
desired, and the date. Signer!, *^ Ja. My lies.** 

16d.'», ,1iine 1«V — Ilond from ItolxTt, Ix>nl Hrooke, Sir Beigamin 
Kudyer, Sir (iilU'it (iemrd, .Icthn Pym, vs^\^ and ilenrjr Dnrley* of 
<iray's Inn, ej^q., to I>ord Sjiy and Sel*-, for fiayment of 821/. 


1642 [-3], Feb. 1.— Grant by Robert, Earl of Warwick, as Lord wfw.^B 
Proprietor of the province of Montgomery, to — Hall, of Bermuda, Hultohj E 
gentleman, of 300 acres of land in the island of Trinidado, paying for 
the first year one pound of tobacco, and afterwards fifty shillings 

Articles of Agreement between James Eavenscroft, lessee of the Par- 
sonage of Shenley, Herts, and the Parishioners of Shenley. 

l644[-6j, Jan. 27. — The said lessee shall allow to the Minister or 
lecturer of Shenley the house in which Mr. Stephen Jones now lives, 
the churchyard, the profits of the Easter book, christenings, buryings 
and marriages, and 70/. yearly, and shall pay Mr. Henry Walter 10/. 
for his pains in preaching in time past. But whereas John Ravenscrofl, 
brother to the said James, has an annuity of 40/., should it or any part 
thereof be sequestered by Parliament, then a corresponding amount 
shall be abated from the 70/. 


Collection of papers relating to the settlement of the affairs of the 
THIRD Earl of Essex by his executors (the Earls of Northumber- 
land and Warwick and O. St. John), for whom William Jessop 
acted as agent. 

1646-1647, etc — The papers include various bills, with orders for 
tbeir payment and receipts. One item of charge is '' for mending thre 
e&aes for my Lord's tobackooe-pipe." Charges for his funeral on 
Oc2t. 22, 1646 ; viz., for the coffin, 21. ; for the fashioning and adorning 
tb^ effigies, 16/. ; for scarlet hose trimmed with gold and silver plate-lace 
fox" the effigies, 8/. 16#. ; for an Earl's coronet, 9/. 16#. ; for making the 
v^ci^^t, 16/. lOs. ; he Order for payment to Mr. Rich. Vines of 5/. for the 
sesTnon preached at the funeral, with Vines' receipt. Petition from Isaac 
^o^ell and Andrew Fownes, gent, servants to the Earl, for payment of 
^ii^oiiejs due to them ; with order thereon for its consideration dated 
1 ^ ^h Feb. 1660. Long list relating to the distribution of the Earl's 
apparel among the servants that attended in his chamber. 

1647, March 31. — Warrant to Mr. Will. Jessop from the arls 
of Northumberland and Warwick and from Oliver St. John, the 
executors of the Earl of Essex, to pay 2420/. 1 \s. Id. to Sir Robert 
Shirley, Bart., In full of all debts due from the Earl of Essex to 
Sir Charles Sliirley, deceased, whose guardian the Earl was. With 
1 previous receipt signed and sealed by Sir Rob. Shirley on 8th Dec. 
1646, and a statement by Jessop of the settlement of the account, 
dated 7th April 1647. 

1647 [-8], Feb. 3. — Agreement between the Earl of Northum- 
berland, the Earl of Warwick, and Oliver St. John, the Executors, 
as to a composition made by the two former with St, John, 
respecting a sum of 4309/. 2s. due to the Earl of Essex for money 
lent by him to the Parliament, and secured upon the Bishops' lands. 
Signed and sealed by Northumberland and St. John, and witnessed 
by £dw. Payler, John Thurloe, and W. Jessop. 

1648, August 25. — Letter from John Thurloe to W. Jessop. The 
sum of 147/. remains to be paid to the Earl of Essex's servants, 
and 200/. to the poor of the parish of Clement's.* '^My Lord of 

* Tharloe at fint wrote St. Clemenft, but struck oat the Si. 


MB&ov Korthumb«rlAnd and Mr. SoUidtor [Su John] hare agreed to paj 

HoxToi* Bm ^^ ^^^ ^^ their owne purses rather then to expect the reeeivinge aaj 

— •* further summe out of the estate of the said Earle, that being 

uiiccrtcine ;'* and they desire that the Lord Admiral [the Earl <S 
Warwick] may he entreated to give order to have his part paid. 
The servants are importunate, and the Churchwardens of ClemeoU 
have been with Thurluo about a dozen times. 

1647» May 5. — Acknowledgment by Richard Wilcox, of Kensington 
gent., to W. Ji*HSop. He has received back the sum of 276L lis. 
which he had heretofore paid to Jessop to be employed in a plantation 
in Virginia, and transfers to him ail his right in the siud plantation. 

16o2, Dec. 16. — Sale of lands of Lord Rich. Agreement for tho 
sale of some of the lands settled on the marriage of Robert, Lord Bieb 
in 1661, for the purpose of raising 10,000/. for the payment of Lis debca. 
of which a schedule is attached. 

There arc also other documents relating to his debts ; and soe m/to, 
nnder 1659. 

1663, Nov. I.— Order of Parliament that Mr. Stepheb Marshall be 
desired to prench at Margaret '^s WestminHter, on Saturday, 6th Nor. 

With tt noti* subjoined to W. J(>8sop from his *' loving mnd ** Mamhall, 
asking him to pay 600/. of Mrs. [(?ecily] Mcux's money to Mr. Hichard 
Sheppard of Ifiswich ; with this [)ostscript — ** I met him npon the rode, 
and for want of other paper I write upon my order from tho tKNU."* 
Sheppard*s receipt is added. 

N.D. — Pt'tition from the ThauK's Watennon to the Protector Oliver 
and to hi.s Privy Council. Signed by many hundreds '^of the Water- 
men and others concerned in navigation within the river of Thamea,** 
praying for restriction upon the Ballast Office with regard to the 
supply of land-lNilIa.Ht, and for prohibition of engines for aupplyof 
river-ballsj't. Tlic {signatures are attached on a roll of eight aheeta dt 
paper, of which four are filled in double columns, one in four, and three 
in three columns. 

1664-7. — List of payments made by W. Jessop, on warrant from 
the Protector, to Col. Philip Jones, for Jones* salary as a member of 
the Privy Council. 

1668, April 14.— Letter from John Thurlot* to William Jeaaop* 
desiring him to pny Mr. Syni)»all *J(K)/. for freight of liay to Mardikv ; 
with receipt fur tlic same on the following day subjoined. 

1669, June. — List of debts wherein Charles, Karl of Warwick. 
standfl pfii;nge«l with his brother Robert, Earl of Warwick, late 

1669. — Account of ** Moneys charged on the Kjcheqaer by warraota 
from the Council of State." 

1660, Nov.-l)e<'. — Three Letters from John Hitchcock, Mayor of 
Statford, to W. tJehMip, Clerk uf the House of Commona, reapacting 
the Po^l Office at Sufford. 


With a narrative of the management of the Post Office there from ^%^£ 
1644, and a copy of a numerously signed memorial in behalf of John uvlto^I Bsq 
Hudson as Postmaster instead of Thomas Challenor. — 

List of the captains of companies in five regiments, each of ten 
companies, commanded by Sir John Burrowes, Sir Charles ''Rich, 
Sir Edw. Conway, Sir Alex. Brett, and Sir Will. Courtney, which 
are to goe this journey." 

1664^1675. A long series of affectionate letters written by W. 
Jessop from London to his daughter Mrs. Anne Hilton, with 
a few to her husband. 

These contain very little beyond family matters. The plague is 
mentioned in letters of 20th Mav and 27th June, 1665 ; in the former it 
is said that two persons had fallen dead of the plague in the street, and 
in the latter (in the week following which the writer was going to 
leave London) that '' London begins to be full of sadness and distraccion 

. . • . This week is guessed at 300 of the sickness more at 
this tyrae — at least last week, as I am told — than 40 years since, when 
above 5,000 died in Aug." On 12tli May 1666, he describes a fire in 
Holbom, and adds, *' there was a sad experiment then given of what 
we formerly feared, the want of water by occasion of the new 
sewer." On 3nl Nov. 1666, he writes from Gray's Inn that he returned 
to London last night : " my journey concluded almost with my passage 
through the mines of poore London, where I saw the smoke yet con- 
tynewing in diyers cellars, and in one a clear burning fire." 

Fourteen small volumes of notes of sermons by eminent Puritan 
divines, from 1634 to 1656. Of these three or four are in shorthand, and 
most of the volumes belonged to William and Ann Jessopp, of Warwick. 
A very large proportion of the sermons are by Edmund Calamy and 
Obadiali Sedgewick ; others by Nanton, Goodwin, Sibbes, Caryll, 
Howe, &c. One volume is interesting as containing sermons preached 
at sea in July-Nov. 1648, of which eleven are by Dr. S. Annaly a/. 
Annesly, and the rest by — Augur (" aboord the St. George, 23rd July "), 
— MarshaU, — ^Ayers, — West, and — Raworth. One by Dr. Annesly was 
preached when *' before Gk)ree," 29th Oct. ; another on 1 2th Nov. has th s 
note, '* The Dr. was interrupted from proceeding further by a supposd 
distemper abord the Love." 

Among several account-books there is one which contains an account 
of goods shipped for the West Indies in various ships in 1636, with 
memoranda of deaths at sea and desertions, and account of tobacco 
shipped in the Happy Return at the Isle of Providence in 1687. It 
has also an inventory of goods and books in [Warwick] house in 
Holbom in 1660-4. 

One historical relic of considerable interest is a silver seal, struck, as 
it would seem, for the use of Parliament in May 1660^ which represents 
the Kingdom emerging, in three portions, from chaos, with the motto, 
*• Legem Ejus Eocpectabunt " (Is. XLII. 4, Vulg,). This seal appears 
to be quite unknown, but probably was prepared at the time when the 
two Houses of Parliament Were holding conferences as to the seal that 
should be used pending the King's return ; and was consequently in 
Jessop's possession as being Clerk to the House of Commons. 

Sailing charts of the sea-coast of England, Scotland, Ireland, Fmuce« 
the Netherlands, Norway, and Spain, showing the sand- banks, rocks, 

U 60050. ^ 


^l^.ov gic.^ beautifully drawn nnd coloured, on four sheets of vellam ^ br 
Hri.T05!EiQ. John Burston, dwelling; over ngiiinsto Now (SravcU Ltiney in Radcliff 
""" Highway, noarc liondon, anno Domini 1615." 

p4ind in 40/. from n miner that lie will wrll nnd truly Henro for a year 
in the r(»al mines at JInlton or Denton, necording to the customs and 
orders there used ; ilatcd in 1()7C). 

Jjst (on parchment) of suhjkTibirs fur three plate^^ or purtc:* of 
Hixtv guineas, for u hon^e-ruce at Autrhtun ('unimon, noar Onnakirkt iu 

Printed [mpers taken at (Iir Imttle of Vittorin, 21 June 1813, relating 
to thi.' lmp(Tial i )nlor of Uvuhioh conferreil on Major P. C. Poupart, 
22n<l August 1H12. 

Amongst family )mpers of recent date thiMv are some connected with 
G(*i)rp; Stephenson whirl i mubt not Im> omitted. For the t'arliesct 
cha] iters i.i thr history of Kngli>h railways and their first engineer are 
closely a»ociate4l with Ilulton Park. After the completion of the 
Dfirliiigton lUilway, Cjeorgi* St«*phens(»n was invitul by Mr. Williana 
llulton to eo!istriict a railway from Uoltun to I^tMgh, a disianrc of ten 
miles, for the eonvenience of the llulton colliericH. For thnv montb!i 
StephenM>n eonsri|uriitly stayed at 1 Initial House while making the 
necessary preparation>, and tin ring that perioti t(K)k lesson 8 in writing 
from the village sehoolmaMter, who:ic «les4*endantrt still preserve one of 
the half-crowns whieli he paiil for the instrnetion. His origimd estimate 
fur the line, dat.d 2f>th Jan. iS'J.j, ami anuMuiting to 49,313/. 1«., L» 
preserwd witii a Imndle of papers and corres|>ondence relating to the 
railway, as well as a >ubsequeut estimate, dated 2ni1i Feb. 1H27» in which, 
while thp cost of nearly all the niec)i:uiieal w«>rk in incrtj&mHl, the toCal 
amount is re<lueed to M^){\7yl, is, ^W., ehietly by a larg«* deduction on 
the cost of embaukments and excavations, ami by tlie omisaiou of 
wharfs^ im^I of locomotivi* engines in addition to ** |K*nnan4'nt '* {ijt^ 
tiftationary) engines. i>ne Kn'omotive was, however, provided, betn|( 
the mfcoud which St^'phenson CH>nhtrticte<l ; tu which the nama of Tk9 
Witch was given on tlie day of the oiKMiing ol the line, 1st August iHfHy 
and of which thr name-plate and whistle are slill pn;serv«.*d. The in* 
stmcuou;: for the ceremonial of the opening exist in a MS. paper. 

William Drivv Macbat. 




At Felbrigg Hall Mr. Kettoa has preserved a large mass of papers of 
the Windham family, resident there for man j centuries. The c(^ection 
consists chiefly of correspondence between vaiious members of the 
family, and includes the following: — Letters of Sir John Hobart to 
William Windham, mainly about Norfolk elections and other county 
affiurs between 1673 and 1682, but referring also to events of wider 
historical interest at the time of the alleged Popish plot ; a few letters 
of Colonel Windham to his mother when campaigning with the Duke 
of Marlborough; othiers of James Windham of a little later date, 
showing the widespread ruin caused by the bursting of the South Sea 
Bubble; descriptions of travels abroad in 1741 ; letters of Dr. Dampier 
of Eton, and of David Garrick, who were guardians of the future 
statesman, William Windham. Of the latter eminent man are preserved 
some diaries beginning in 1772, when he was 22 years old, and ending 
in 1776, which illustrate his early life and pursuits; there is also a 
bundle of letters addressed to him when Secretary at War in 1795 by 
French emigres of mark. Some contemporary copies of letters of the 
Paston family, of the time of Edward IV., and a number of manuscript 
ballads and verses on political, social, and personal topics, make up 
this interesting collection. 

Tanpore Henry VL Paston Letters. 

A large sheet of paper containing copies in a hand of the time of 
Edward IV. or possibly earlier, of letters from and to William Paston, 
Justice of the Common Pleas, and John Paston his son. They relate 
chiefly to a dispute as to some land at East Beckham, but as (with one 
exception) they do not appear in any edition of the Paston letters, they 
are given here entire. 

I. " To my right worshipful and trusty Master William Paston, Justice. 

Worshipful and right trusty master I commend me unto you desiring 
to hear of your worship and welfare the which God keep to his pleasing, 
and to your own heart's desire praying yon evermore of your good 
mastership and of your good continuance praying you at the reverence 

of God to hold me excused (lorn off) lewd and un« 

connixig language the which I answered you with at your being at 
Crowmer ; for so help me God and Halidom I said it naught to you for 
no bad trust that I have in you, bat only to let you witen what 
temptations that I have had by that same person that I told you of and 

by others many more that w {ionh off) avow it in the 

same manner, saving your reverence, as false men done and my bodily 
enemies and worshipful and trusty master ; and as for that I should 
have the manor in ferm in such form as you communed of before my 
neighbours at Cromer, I pray you at the reverence of God that you will 
do your good mastership therein as you have iloue before time, for as 
you do I will stand thereto for I have communed with one vicar and 
with other friends of me and they, and 1 pray you evermore of your 
best counsel therein. 

2^0 more to you att this time, but Jesus keep you both body and souh 

By yom* bedewoman, 
Joan Mauyet." 

M 2 


VB8. Of 2. *' To my worsliliiful MatsUT Justice of the King William Paston. 

** 'eJS^^^^* Woraliipful nuustor nnd reverend sovereign I eommcnd nieto you ever 
— as your i)oor InrdrAvoinan <k*9iring ever to hear oryour good wclfiirc with 

pros|>erity nnd ^ood life to the pleasing of (]ro<l, praying you evermore 
of y(»ur poo<l nuisterMliip and counsel in the matter the which is for the 
manor oC Kast Deckham, of the which matter you and we communc<l of 
at Cromer the hut time that my .son ami I spake with you. And I had 
licver and s>o hiul John my son to have an end and be in secure posset- 
Hion within a year to the bare manor witliout any reward of damages 
tlian longer abide to stand in doubt of law and of your life and our also 
and how the end be mmle and . . . (torn) what time I consent 
and am well pleased. No more at this time, but the Blissful Trinity 
have you ever in keeping. Writ at Cromer the Wednesday next before 
Corpus Christi day. 

By Joan Maryete 

your poor bedewoman,** 

3. " To my honourable and worshipful Master William Paston Jostioe 

of the Common Pleas dwelling in Norfolk. 

Hight worshipful and honourable Sir I recommend me unto you 
letting yoti wite as touching for that between you and John Maryct. 
In goo<l faith, sir, two days lM*fore you went I could not M^e him and 
when 1 met him 1 asked him where he had Ix'cn and ho told me he had 
licrn with Bonevyll Knight (sic) for to go over sea with him; sol 
entrente<l with him and spake to him on such wise that 1 reconciled him 
so that he grant4'<l me that he should come unto me to my house. And 
so when he came I asked him whether he were of the same will that he 
was before or no ; he told me in ease you would be his good master a^ 
you have been before and to give him also [as] much as reason would 
as the livelihood is worth and may \>c worth, an<l as other men have 
said it is wortli, you should have it l)efore any man of life [alive] ami 
after the covrnHnti nnidc by you his mother and him. And so in his 
part he will be n^ady nnd fultil at all times your desire under that 
manner of form. And so I nune for to seek you and you were de|MU't«Nl 
1>etini('s ill thi* morning. Wherefore sir, nnd it like you for the love of 
God in your grrut wisdom and |>owrr comprehended in your ficraon to 
take you S4» nigh, to go through wiih him, for now I lutve so entreated 
him in such wiM> whiTe he was not ndvistnl at this time for I hare to go 
home, neitht'r (irr) hi*; wife nor (sic) so for that cause I hare 

had fenr . . . (torn) is going alxmt as he hath done, that he hath 
hail many exciter^ to pro<*un* him rather to harm and frowardness the 
contrary to your intent and his (sic) to learn cause or matter 

in t'ultilling of your intent nnd hU eits4* and in es|)ecial in London and 
thentilNiuts. And then'fon' sir, I will advise you and pray you that you 
will have nn* rxruse<l thnt I shall dtK:Iari* unto you in good sooth yoa 
hhould well know it comi-th not of myself nnd for I have heard smce 
your tleparting that the Vicnr of (Vomer came in your name to John 
Marvftf and proff'i'nMi him 'XiO marks, and he desin*d 400 marks. 
AIm) it hath lM'«'n tohl me that Ilamtilfn hnth been ozamiued what tlio 
livelihood was w«»rth to him, nnd he hath said that it was worth 
20 marks )»v v«-ar ; and therct'on* >ir, for the low of God within this 
vacati(»n tini4* b<*tw«*en thii nnd the next term he shall be at home at 
Cromer U-t mhik' .«ome out* abimt you rssay if you may draw to tome 
go«Nl i-iid, nnd if hi> make no end with you between this and that, and 
you vouch<«re when you eomi* at tin* next term to bring with you the 
indenture <>f vour 'covenants a** touching your liargain; and also that it 


may like you to bring the parcels of all such money as he should owe J'SP' ^' , 
you. All this seen, I trust to Gocl to make an end between you, for I ssq. 

trust to your high discretion the default shall not be found in you, and — 

by my truth and he be unreasonable we shall bring him to reason 
whether he will or will not. And God have you in his keeping. 
Written at London the 7th day of December 

by your own 

Thomas West." 

4. '' To my right worshipful and trusty Master William Paston Justice. 

llight worshipful and trusty master I commend me unto you, 
desiring ever more to hear of your worship and welfare, thanking you 
of your mastership that you have showed uuto me at all times, praying 
you of your good continuance ; and as touching the bargain of Beckham, 
the which was made betwixt you and my mother, on whose soul God 
have mercy, and we by indentures sealed both on your part and on 
ours, I am ready to fulfil with that you would send me the indenture of 
our part that I may know verily what your true bargain is therein and 
our right and title on our part, for I am sure there is the (sic) nor no 
man else that I should proffer this bargain to would hold me wise to 
make a bargain of such avail, and the party therein, less than I had mine 
indenture to show firm what my right is therein ; and therefore trust 
verily I have no bargain made with no man, nor naught will not proffer 
unto tlic time I havo the indenture of our part and also that I have true 
knowing of the due debt that we owe to you. And therefore I pray 
you of your good mastership that you write to me plainly how you will 
be governed in this matter, and thereupon I will busy me to make an 
end for the valuation of the deed and your right and our, and profit of 
the country. No more to you at this time, but I pray you evermore of 
your good mastership and good counsel. 

Written at Cromer the Monday next after Our Lady's day, the 

per John Martxtb. 

o. " To the right worshipful Sir, and my good friend Philip Bemey, 

Right worshipful Sir, I recommend me to you and pray you write 
that you and others are enfeoffed in the manor of East Beckham to my 
oess (use) and thereupon I have in your name and others taken an 
action against John Muryetc of Cromer. Wherefore I pray you that 
you make no release thereof to no man till I speke with you, and God 
have you m his keeping. Writ at I^ondon the 22 day of October. 


William Paston." 

To John Damme. 

Sir, I recommend me to you and thank you of your great labour with 
all my heart, but ns by your bill my father should be bound to pay all 
AV'illiam Man'ott's del»ts or half at the least, that is 100/., which with 
the sniJ 40/. that John should have i» twice as much os is owing as I 
conceive, tlic which should hurt me more than avnil. And I was at 
that time at Cromer and wot well that it was neither Maryote's moving 
nor my father's that he should be chargeable of more than he oweth. 
His payments, expences, and his bargain allowed, I suppose they shall 
bold him paid with this bill if there be any more that heard it, I pray 
help they may unseal, but begin at these first and then send forth the 


X. W*KnTo» other. I would wo had six »cnl» if it mi/^ht easily be. Sir James 
B«Q. ' Greshftni told mo that you tliink tho bargain were not certain, but if it 
"^ were put in certain what the debts be that should be content. He 

thinkoth that the 40/. niaketli the bargain certain betwixt John and 
mv fathor and though it bo not with other matter that I have it shall 
1)0 oortain T know. My Lady Morlev, Hastings and my mother and I, 
&c. diniKl this day at Lincoln (^K?k^<i' and 8iip|)ed this night together 
aUnand divers persons wcro dis|)osod to have said no srood word of yon, 
•uid after fro wo <h.'partcd thoy that have said worst of you said better 
of you than I hoar them say this twelvemonth day, and in substance 
coutniry to all oUl tales, Mtdta kabeo vobit dieere qnte nom tumt 
in iibro hoe. 

By John Paston • 


Lkttehs of Sir Jons Hon.iRT, of Bliekling, to Wir.UAM Wiitdrav, 
of Felbrtgg, from 1(»73 to 1682, about the Norfolk election and 
other local matters. 

1673, April 17. I^ndon. — Lonl Townshend, Sir Koljert Wftlimle, 
and J. Rlaiiwoll to tho Deputy Lioiitonants of the County of Norfolk; 
liord Rich:ir<ls<.)n, Sir .lohn Hobart, Sir Philip Wodeliouse, Sir J<iha 
Holland, Sir KoImm'I Konip, Sir «lacob Astley, Sir Peter Oleave, Sir 
Christoph«M- ( *ulthor{it*, William Windham and otliers ; aakinir them 
to attend with tlu* writers at Christ Church, Norwich, to receive the 
Sacrament, *' and tho lirst day of tho sessions to take the oaths and 
subscribe tho di^'laration required*' iu the Act for preventing the 
«langors of l*opi>li ronisancy. 

1678-9. Jan. 23.— Sir John Hol)art to William Windham. Election 
news. ** Mr. Mounta«ru(' was stoi)t at Dover in his passage for France 
«^but not taken in woman *s crlothes as was roporte<l ; — a messenger is 
sent to summon him to api)oan^ at Court, not to take him into custodj, 
MM* that pvat can* soenis to 1h* takf'u n(»t to bn>ak priviledge. Thoj 
fiay my Lord A.stun's niiswrrs upon his (>\aniination hurt him more 
than l)ugdali'*s information npiinst his Tiord. and was the chief caune 
and — a»* is thou;;ht — a vory *nt(H\ onr for his olosi» imprisonment, I 
heare tho Lordes in the Tow*t won* s«'nt to, to lett them knowe there 
was as «'<M>d ovidenoo against iniist of thi>m as against the condemood 
prisoners, ui)on wliieh my I.ord StafTonl dosir*d to speke with ray Ijord 
Hishop of CanttTbury, who being ^ont by his Majesty hail an hour^s 
ronft'rranc-e with the Fi«)rd Statlurd, but what it was, i* not yet publickly 
know no. Gmvt* and In -hind will Im* certainly oxocutCHl tomorrow. 
Piokt»ring\s fxc^i'iuidii i-^ vrt ri'>jiitfd." 

1678-i^ «Un. 2'). — Sir John Hultart to William Windham. Endoaing 
a copy of ihf prcMrlamation dissolvin;r Parliainont, and intimating his 
intoiitioii of ^-tandin^ for th<* county with Sir tlohii Holland (he hopes) 
at the oleirtion. Advices Mr. Windliani to stand for Lynn. 

I(f7>-!). ilun. 2*^. — rn>:gi:«Hi and una«Idr«*sscd letter endorsed, 
"jlobart writi .•« hi* will i.c.1 ^tand." The wri^vr declines to stand at 

tlur lirXt rK'L'ii II. 

1677-*', r-li. 2s.— Sir .lolin Iln'art lo William Windham. The wws 
it that Mr. Cory i* d'-ad or dying ; yi-^iordsy '• 1 nn'oiviHl a letter from 


a considerable person of Norwich to desire me to use my interest with MM. oi 
you '^ to stand for the City against Sir N. Catelyn. Sir John thinks ^' ^k5?" 
favonrably of Mr. Wndham's chances. . . . — 

** I feare by the newes these two dayes that all Flanders is, or will be 
sudden lost, and by the taking most of the Prince of Orange his ammuni- 
tion and great gunns in Ghant and Bruges the next campagne will bo 
broken, and all the United Provinces in great danger this summer ; and 
our fate too neare approaching.'* Upon the back is a copy of Mr. 
Windham's reply, in which he thanks Sir John for his " unreasonable 
kindness for me, who will not declyne the service of the countv, nor 
court the employment a la mode^ and soe 'tis a foolish vanitye to ofStr at 
it in this age against soe popular and notable a knight, who in all 
likelihood will be incouraged from above and countenanced here, there- 
fore jon'll doe well to thinke of some body of a more generous and 
publick spirit." 

[1679.] — Election petition of Sir John Hobart against the return 
of Sir Christopher Callhorpe and Sir Nevill Catelyne. 

[1679.] — Sir John Hobart's case against the retnrn of Sir 
Christopher Calthorpe and Sir Nevill Catelyn. 

1679, April 3.— Sir John Hobart to W. Windham. The first part 
unimportant. '^ Going in the morning up into the Speaker's chamber 
— as I usually doe — I was made a prisoner there for three houres, which 
at first was a little serious to me, having much business upon me, but 
some friends explained the reason why the keys were carryed to the 
Gierke's table of the House: One Mr. Reading a lawyer who Sir John 
Holland have seen often plead at the barr of the House — and soe he 
did but two dayes since — was there apprehended by order of the House, 
and presently examined by the Committee of Secrecy. His charge is 
great enough to endanger his life. The proofs against him will fortefy 
Oatea* and Bedlow's testemony and strongly affect the Lordes in the 
Tower by whocs order he was imployed to corrupt Bedlow with great 
promises &c., and to prove this there are besides his OMrno hand two 
gentlemen of credit to witness this against him. There is sufficient 
proof to make out the articles f^ainst the Lords," 

1679, Good Fi-iday [April 18].— Sir John Holland to W. Windham. 
" We are told from Bury that there were letters directed to the Speaker, 
signed by three English gentlemen dated lately from Brest to acquaint the 
House with the Great and formidable preparations of the French King, 
both of horse and foote, ready upon the coast to be shipped and ships 

ready to receive them, and to put to sea The 

dayly discovery is still of the continued practises of the priests and 
papists carrying on the <l(^sign of fyring the Citty and other matters 
will put oif the hearing of our election petition. 

1679, "about" April 25.—" A copye of our letter to the Gentry of 

" The House of Commons having declared that Sir Christopher Cal- 
thorp and Sir Nevell Catlyn were not duly elected to ser\*e as knights 
of the shire for our countye, and a writ being issued out for a new 
election, wee thinke it reasonable to acquaint you, wee are incouraged to 
offer our services to the Country, and that wee will personally appeare 
upon the day of election, which is the 5 of May. If you thinke us 
worthy of that imployment, wee desire you'll please to appeare for us 


MS8 or with your intorej<ts, and if ww Imvo th« honour to bee choien. wee will 

' 'Fug. ' endeavour to acquit ourselves as Iwhoves 

"~ Your faithfull servantii 


Wm. Wiudham.** 

IG79, Mftv 12. — Lord Townshend to Mr. Windham, on election 
matters ; a8s'urin<; him that *' our Norfolk world shall know, that who* 
soever pretends friendship to mee, must appearo for jou, or tluill nerer 
be owneil hv mee." 

1670, May 13. Sir John TTobart to Wm. Windham — «* I came nfla 
to towne by aVlock Sunday morning, and after I had payde my 
devotion at the Churcli, I went to the doore of the House^fmther f 
could not poe the indenture not l>einp: returned. — I found they were 
encca(::M in the debates of those ^eat (piestions which you will see in the 
journal of that day/* 

1670, May 15. — Sir .John Hobart to W. Windham on election mattera. 
trying; to rouse him to ener^ eiiouj^h to |>etition for some seat (not 
named) which he had lost at the election. On the back is Mr. Windham's 
reply in which he suvm : ** I confess I take so much delight in my 
nursery and j^anlon that 1 doh*t envye the Knij^ht the honour of being 
in the House, nor— to n»M* your owne words — provide ammunition, guns 
and earriasres to assault him ; vet ui>on a publick desi|;ne I will proceed 
so far aji Sir J. A [she], you, and our pn»at fneiid mivisc. I am glad 
you are soe bri*tk and active : when then* is an opportunitye for roc to 
serve my Kinp. eonntrv, friend or myselfe you shall fimlc I will rowae 
up and }m> as active and unwearied in the service as anybodve can 

1670, May 1/). Quidenham. — Sir J. Holland to W. Windham, con* 
do1in<^ with him on the loss of his election. 

1670, May 20.— Sir John Hobart to Mr. Windham. ^Political 
matters. "The preat obstruction in proceeding to the trial of the 
five Lonls in tin- Tower is fmm the prefen»nce of the trial of the mxth» 
and tliM judtmient upon his pardon with ascertaining the jadges upon 
that a«i well as to the tart which si^enis eonsidering he has pleadisl guilty, 
and bis fmnlon is thr same thing, tiiis d(N>s still remaino in difference 

betwixt both IIohm's and 1 feare should still doe sfM» And 

bvtlh'reMilt of thix wholf dnve'< ilidwite in the IiOrde*s House I am con* 
firuHHl in my apprflu-nsions.*' A long debate upiin the n*|)ort fruro the 
Coniniitti'** uf the abuM'S of the Navv ** wherein two of the members 
were hiirhlv acenN*'d. Sir Anthony D^-ene and Mr. IVpies: the last layed 
dowfif hi*« Scen't.'irvt'V iilane la^t Sunday, and it rosultfil in this that both 
wen* rnn;niitt«'d tn the Sw-rgcant at Arnu-s and onler'd to answer their 
accusjition^ Thnr^^dny next. No less than matters of tn*asim and felony 
an* Ifiid to their elmrpf, but by what I have hrani I am apt to belicTe 
neyther will U- w*ll miwh' out apain^i thnu. They are neythor my 
fav(»urites. an«! 1 iM-ljcvf rhmi ntit wholly inoccnt, but yet in tbeff 
particulars they will fan* th** b« tti-r railn-r than the w«irse from the 
WMrriith «»f thr pr«»*«trntiiin :in«l ihsit llu-ir otffnrcs are majrnefvoil U»TcHid 
a dui* pmpfirtion.** 

n»7?*. May 1?4. r!!»«i;nHd I'ttiT to Mr. Windham n*lating what took 
p1a<*<' it) th«' lliiti*if nf ( nrnninii. u)"»m a p'tition brouirht in by Sir 
('hri-rn|il,i r ( Hliln»r|»«* a^'ain»«t tin* ivturn ot .Sir John Hobart. TIk 

|>i*titii*li W;i* njerti'il. 


1680, June 3.— Sir John Hobart to W. Windham. ProtestiDg p JF^<>» 
against the report circulated by his enemies that he had been at a 'esqT^^"* 

Conventicle within the past three weeks. "^ 

1680, June 26. — Sir John Hobart to W. Windham. A newsletter. 
** That which passed in Westminster Hall seems to be very remarkable 
for some part of it, and for the proceeding of the Court. . . . Lord 
Shaftsberry with 8 or 10 Lordes more and other persons of quality mett 
together neare the Court of Bequests — as I was told, for I saw them not — 
and sent for the Clerk of the Crowne to draw an indictment upon 
evidence given to the Grand Jury of Middlesex against the Duke in 
order to his conviction for a Romish Recusant. The Lord Chief 
Justice — as they say — having notice of this, sent for the Grand Jury 
into Court, and as is likewise sayd, being inform'd that they were 
just then enter'd upon the evidence of the foresaid indictments, and 
demanded whether they were ready with their indictments and present- 
ments, to which they replyed they were in a good forwardness with 
them, but had not yet perfected them, but that they had something 
else ready to offer to the Court, which was a petition to his Majestie 
for the meeting of the Parliament, &c. — in effect the same as formerly. — 
The Petition was received and read, and then the Grand Jury desir'd 
that one of the judges would deliver it to his Majestie. The Court 
told them they knew noe law which did oblige them to be their letter 
or petition carryers, but wished them to desist, and if they would not 
they might deliver it themselves: and then Judge Jones by the 
direction of the Court told the Grand Jury that they were discharged 
from their attendance upon the Court. Soe they were discharged 
before they had delivered in any indictments or presentments, which 
those who know the practice of the Court, say was never knowne 
before, nor yet that a Grand Jury was ever discharg'd before the latter 
end of the term." 

1681, May 31.— Sir John Hobart to W. Windham. 
The first part on election matters. 

** The extreordinary councell on Sunday at Windsor wds expected 
to result in the resolveing the meeting of a Parliament, which some 
nj was the subject matter of that dayes debates, they lasted very long, 
uid as I am told ended in the negative : The greatest news current in 
this place, is further discovery s of the old plott, new sham plotts and 
counter plotts : That of Mackgray's and others offering to prove that 
SirE[dmund] B[ury] Godfrey hanged himselfe, was thought to be 
wo considerable, as to be countenanced at least by one or more great 
f^rds in the tower, to bo recommended to Secretary Jenkins to be 
"^trodnced by him with a sett speecb at Councell in admiration of God's 
providence which had brought to his hands soe wonderfull a discovery 
^ he was then ready to make to them, with much more to the like 
l^ne. Then the Irishman was produced, who not having considered his 
leason well, was taken tripping, and being further pressed, discovered 
^^ whole cheate, and fearing that a letter he had wrote to !AIrs. Sillyer 
*fterhe was taken into custody had been intercepted, and perhaps her 
*08wer if she had wrote one, he confessed the said letter, upon which, 
¥*^ not before, Seci-etary Jenkins confessed the said letter to Mrs. 
yllier had been intercepted and then produced it, which did fully 
cieare the whole matter. 

Ajj Irishman — for all the witnesses of late are of the tribe of the 
P*ck Shams: — has swome that my Lord Mayor, the two Sheriffs, Sir 
^' Clayton and Sir Thomas Player offered him 100/. per annum for 

I. S.'^i"' - '"^ 'J*'*^ **» swjire n;;ain.M the Qiutii nmi the Dnko : iiik>ii thiii tlirr mv 
Ksii. »tr .Mji|f>lM* will hnnsi Iilt nctioii, mikI the otlier persons nn« as highly 

(Iiulfrrv's ltintlui-s havt* ac<iii:itnti-il mv I^dnl Cliiof .lu'stico that llnv 

will ]H-titinn the (*ourt, to iiifcr('(M>(l for a pardon in two pr^rwiiH wlin 

HH' ii'atly t«> provr r^traiiiro ]»artioiilai's nl* th<* iniirthrr of their hnilhvr 

aihl till? plntt Scvt rail Lonls wm* aixaiii*' with luv Ix>nl (*hiiTK:ellur 

to know 111** inaj<>tif> an^wi-r-Min iViday lastr — tothrir former hiimhfc* 

<losir»s tliiit lu* w<»nM 1m* j*lcas(»il tn ^^rant hi?* pardon to two at pn-m-nt 

inikiKiwiic pcrxon>, t«» whi<*li \\w rhniHMdlor told tlnm, tliiit hi> tniijt'«lir 

•iuvth' thrn* had horn Mjvcrall dnvs x'tt for the conioiiijj in of endem^ 

(•tc.» thnt thf*y might have ihrn takni hold of his morc^*, liut now the 

dooiv WAS i'lintt, an<l hcsidos ho did not know, hiit Fitzhain*9 mi«^htlie 

one of thosL' persons, thmfon* he rofnsi'd It The Lordn n-plved, that 

he was none of thrni, that they di'sireil Ills liordsliip once more tfi 

ac({nainte his majistio, ihat they ^l^^i^oll n<»t th** pardon should fxtMtd 

to tn'uson, or nnirther. )#ut oidy to niis]u-isioM of tr(*n«on, nay furthrr 

that theM* persons w«Te ini-n pf ;;n at eretlif and ipiality, and thai nn^ 

of fheni was an KnL'li*.h IN '•■],•, :ind thnt he had so«» irrrat an aMuranctf 

of lii»j niaj«->tif*s ^ra<'c aiwl elfniein-y that if hi< niaje^tie would nut pro- 

misi' liim a pardon hifop hand, y>'t hi' wonld eonie in, and make bi* 

di>ro\«-ry, and >• r putt hfjiisi-lft* npon tin* jn.-tiei» <if the nntjnn, this i* 

Ki»» lu-ar a ri-niantii-k -forv, that if I had not reecived il from a verv 

iiooi] haiiil J sIiniiM hardlv linN** fionlilcd vou with it. Men**< mimli!^ 

an- l»ij;;r Hill: ex|i«'i'iaf'on-i, ! w'-ii if niiijlit l»r» a fruit full s*'a*on of S'w 

prodiK'tion-, lni! my fi-Mn- ar^ ;rn'at»T then my ho[)es that it will 1* 

us harrm of that LImiIj* rt- the «*x«*e"'-ivi' •lroii«;ht have made the rtrlh« 

wliifli U Ljn-Jit to tliat di'i^HM' Ih-n*. that nor nnin evf*r knew the Iik*"» 

thi? said ilh'et'i uif riln iily too appartiit, and if it ei»ntinnr.'< will JH'O^ 

far ;;r«-aler." 

n>^l, |)«'o-nil'<'r •JtL— Sir John ITohart lo W. Windhnm. 

Sir .loliii -^ptak- of Iiis vi-it t<» William Wimtham in the countnr tn*^ 
the nlativr pha-u;*** of London and ronnlry lifi*. Ho frive* a^hcr^ 
H('«-(iMnt of a flair- with Fram-r, and tln-n eonehhh'S " Tlie eondi mnalio** 
of Ai'^ih* vou will findi' in piinte, hut tliiT«' nii'Mune f irenmstanct*^ nl^*' 
tivir thereto, that yoM uill li«:ir(* of afii-rwwnh'ft. which will niorpe^^ 
plain that matter : I ni'Vrr kufw a sea 'on €if It'--* ni'ws in ih^ h 
»en.-e, I am ;:lad tli- p- i- noi- -.'patiT in tin- wor»ii'. TIioho who ai 
im{ui>it!\«* Mini thouLditfull. e«>Mld [iot iniri'jin n ;:raud cavelcade inti 
du«-.-.l liy truniprr>i an>I tin- jTrrj! pniinn- of Udh ehurehe^ iihouM 
only lo r;i!l a ponn* linir.L'pip'T l.» .i'tj nni, or •li'^li.'ind a !<ma1l fnot 
pany. Unt -tarr> of u i;ri ;it i: :r:nitii!. w i'l in ihrir motii»nH ei 
nKiuf<- with tlieni h*-« r li-zht- rhit di|Hi.d upon ihidr imm«li»to i*** 
fluLMce, thi- j ••rlnip*' mail" a full noiTini: at tin- Kij^ir^hfad onSalurdk^' 
wht-n- 1 dnri- -ay idv worthy tVii nd wa-i not. luir i*J in dnnsrr of heir*^ 
out of til*' (*:d':dl --il" tiny Iia\i :ii.\ — |{iit a \i-it at Oxfoni is decern ^' 
ami M:ii:i^'h' to his oifn: pri.tiv-siil n vill print iplt* whieh I hop€ 
pr«i\fil a-i il de-^i-rvi i!." .... 

qutfler: But yet I suppose this pastime in your neighbourhood was MSg. o y 

imended to inerease popularity, as the other company was nere that 'ssq. 

place where the Lady and her sonn made their visit : He that keeps *" 
ch company 'tis pity he should have better." 

1682-3, March 22.— Sir John Hobart to W, Windham on Lord 
X*ownshend's visit to the King. 

*'I heard something of the manner of it from one who was told it 
from an eye witness, that he was received by the King, from thence 
he went to the Duke who said ' my Lonl you are welcome thus farr on 
joar way to K[ainham] ' and immediately turnedlhis back. This was 
not well resented, but with some trouble of minde he presently went 
out of towae : upon this an honest gentleman who was prevy to this 
and former passages, spake freely his minde to your relation, which I 
presume would produce noe other effects, then increasing a little the 
mortefication :" 

No Date. October 9. — Lady Hobart to W. Windham on the death 
of her husband. 

** Whatever the nice rules of gentility of our agge are I am soe 

sensable of my friends kindnes as its very agg[r]ebable to mee and soe I 

will you was your favoucr of the first of this mounth and those 

good wishes to mee and mine dus confirme your hai-ti kindnes for my 

dear husband who though but an effect of your one merit had a most 

reall estem for you and so exprest it whilst hee had any recolectione of 

thoughts left in him. Sir Josepth Ash and Mrs. Windham has in- 

devered for an oppertunity to have Hauyes misFortanes but her 

present desinge tooke not effect but I think my sonn intends to waight 

of Sir Josepth before he goes into H to see if he can give him 

any hopes, its much in Hauyes power to heelpe himself though as to my 

frind I may say at present all things lookes with a dismall prospect to 

my viwe, I am 

Sir your obliged, afectionate servant 


'' My faithfull servic to Mrs. Windham and thanks for her favouers 
who shall p*edanly (?) take an opportunity to doe it myself." 

Miscellaneous Poetry and Fbose. 

A miscellaneous collection of MSS., mostly poetical, of which the 

following have been selected. They comprise political, social, personal, 

^ tttirical subjects, and contain several epigi'ams and sonnets by and 

^»| on eminent persons, which (it is believed) have not before been 


1< 1. N.D. [about 1713].— "The Reverend Mr. Smedley, Minister of 

^i •*■*— (sic) in Ireland, on Dr. Swift. 

'"'' A Deanery he has got at last 

By ways most strange and odd 
And may a Bishop be in time 
If he*d believe in God ! 

2. N.D. — ^Verses unsigned, the handwriting of the 1 8th centurj'. 

"The Bench have oft posed us and set us a scoffing 
With signing John London, John Sarum, John Koffen, 
But His Grace of today no expounders will want 
t '^l For he signs with his own proper name — Thomas Cant." 


R w**KKTTo!f [This satiricttl allusion may bo npplied to either Archbishop Thooii 
*E*«^. *' Herrinp translated from V'ork in October 1747, or Archbishop Tbcmai 
— Seeker tranBlatetl from Oxford in March 1758. The name of Job 

%pl)ears to be U8e<l us n class name.] 

3. N.D. Verses unsigned [after 1720].— On the back of the ptper 
is an address in another hand *' To Mrs. Cooper, at Gunton iwar Nor 
wich." [In the corner is the frank *• Free, Wm. Windham."*] 

'* What tho* I am a Ix)Ddon lass 
And handsome am as can be 
And to set off my pretty face 
1 dress my head like Denbigh • — who is a foreigner. 

At operas I constant shine, 

By toupees so surrounded 
That with pulville and sp<>eehe8 fine 

My verci^s are confounded. 

In Maj«<iuenides I j;o wfll dressM 

And talk so v«'rv iirettv 
'1 Imt hv the cro'.v*! I am eonfrssM 

Like Lady Mary witty — my Lady Mary Wtulloy. 

I at Assemblys play (Quadrille 

Hut njt like Bristol storinin*; 
Like DorM't t I ean lose an<l smile, ^ 

My visaf^» not deformin;^. 

At Court I jgo but there I frett 

An«l ruffle every featun* 
To be pU3hM out by Nanny Hrett 

A htlh' sillv en-ature. 

Lik<' Maneln*.ster I grace the ball 

And move with Harvey's air — a 
That 'tis eonfessrd by one and all 

I am a gracefull fair — a. 

At Leicc«4ter Fiidds I jjive mv vot«' 

For till* ilnt'-pipiH? ('ot/oni 
At JJurlin^rton's I c-han:;e my not*' 

Faustina, for mv nioiicv. 


OftiiioV ninsirk I liispi.^i* 

For none <*an ph-asc like Ilondatl [IliindelJ 

I^ut the di*ipuirs wlii<*h ln-nee ari<e 
I wi^h and Impi- nay «'nd well." 

Thus do I Jjayly spend my day^, tVe. 

[There is a Htan/a or two more.'- 

4. N.I). Hajhhvi iiin;; of tlii* ISth ei-nturv. — A Qn^eellAnl^ollS rollK* 
tiim. in the torm ot' a mubII boo\ of *«ix •*lie<-ts, rontniziin;;; epitaphs 
eni;:ma<, inn ri^»ti«iii-. rpi;;ra:r-, fn»m which an* taken the followiDg:— 

* 'the ('<iunti •>^ iif 1»fiiM.!li, wifi of W.Iliiiin, Karl, wasi Inabclls, ilsofklrr «l 
Petrr <le J<iiifrh<' <»l" \ "rnn-liv 

t LioiH'l Craiififlil. 7th Karl of I)i*Mrr, yn-.i* rii'tttitl Duke ot Donct IStk Jvt 
I720. Ilr iiinriiid K.h/Bli«ili. fl»ui').t> i nf I.iiui •(iiiit^ml Colevcar aDd iiiNv i| 
Dsvid. Karl of IVrtiuitrr. 


Another [epitaph] on Sir Philip Sidney. l^^ wf Kwio» 

England Netherland the heavens and the arts ^f^ 

The souldiers in the world hath made 6 parts 

Of noble Sidney, for who will suppose 

That a small heap of stones may Sidney enclose 

England had his body, for she it fed 

Netherland his bloud in her defence shed 

The heavens have his soul, the arts have his fame 

The souldiers the greife, the world his good name." 

^' A witty jest made by the Earl of Rochester upon King Charles 
the 2nd, the Duke of York, the Duke of Monmouth, the Duke of 
Lauderdale, and Doctor Frasier, viz. : — 

Here's Monmouth the witty 
And Lauderdale the pretty 

And Frasier the leamea physician, 
And above all the rest 
Here's the duke for a jest 

And the Eang for a great politician." 

*' Another also made by the same man for which the King was merry 
with his nobles, none being able to make a rhime to Lisbone, they sent 
for him * who upon promise of pardon began thus with a glass full of 

wine ; — 

Here's a health to Kate 

Our Sovereign's mate 

Of the royal house of Lisbone 

But the devil take Hyde 

And the Bishop beside 

That made her bone his bone." 

''The French King having in vain-glorious boast caused the following 
▼erses to be inscribed on a marble pillar at Versailles to tell the greatness 
of his actions to future ages, viz. :— 

Una dies Lotheros, Burgundos hebdomas una, 
Una domat Batavos luna, quid annus agat ! 

In English thus : 

Lorrain a day, a week Burgundy won, 

Flanders a month^ what would a year have done ? 

Which being seen by the ingenious Earl of Rochester he presently 
^rit underneath : 

Lorrain you stole, by fraud you got Burgundy, 

Flanders you bought and God ! you'll pay for't one day." 

^* N.D. — Fragment of a sheet on which is written in the handwriting 
of the 18th century this squib : — 

" My Lord, here's a christening," the oflBicer said 
** The gossips are ready, the cushions are laid, 

What, without my leave," cry'd the Prelate inflam'd, 
" Go, lock up your font, let the Infant be damn'd." 

• Rochester (tic). 


1IM. Of 7. N.D.— EpiVram : 

BsQ* '* When IIulsc for some trifling nnortliodox jesU 

As an Atheist was censured hy bigots and priests 
The politick doctor, to remove the reproach 
Was seen with a fiarson six months in liis coacb. 
When Che-selden saw this device had saccees 
He conoeivM, in some sort, it might flcrve his own case 
So, to take a notorious censure awaj 
Contrived to Ik* seen with a wit every day ; 
Then, with Pope hy his side, in the pride of his soul 
* Now, damn ye, d'ye see, who can say I'm a fool ? * * 

H. N.T). — Epigram, addressed on the hack '^ For William Windhftn 
£sqrc. at Poleswortli near Atherstone, Warwicksliire." 

'* On Mr. Nash of Hath, a freethinker, and Mr. Berkeley, a stupid rigid 

orthodox believer, btjh :il i^atli. 

( )ii grace and faith and mysterys high 

Two wilt.s harangued the tal»le ; 
IkTkfley U'lievrs, he knows not why, 

Nash swears 'lih all a fable. 
Ob, p<erloss rhaiupions ! then agree; 

Na>h ! kiss thy empty brother; 
Keligion smiles at foes like thee, 

13 ut dreads a friend like t'other." 

9. 17.53, Oct. 3. — **Halladoii the meeting at Norwich ... by 
Mr. Gardiner." An election squib. 

10. — Epigram on the Duchess of Qiieensbcrry, and answer. 

On the Duchess of Queens y. 

Did CVlia's person, and her sense agree 
What mortal could Iwhold her, and be free : 
Kut natun^ has in pity to mankind 
EuricliH the image, but dcbah*t the miud. 


Ilail Pope a |>erson e«jual to his mind 
How fatal w«iul(l it Ik: to w(»mankin«l : 
l(ut nature, wlio does all thiugiv well ordain 
Deform'd the bcxly and inrich't the brain. 

ll.<~Oii a Lady Howard, by Mr. Pope. 

Co>nielia's eharins inspire my lays 
WLo fair in natnre> j^orn 

nioomR in the winter of her days 
Like (tlaxtonliury Thorn. 

Cosnu-liu erurl at tlirt'e seon» 
(Ah IturdH in mcnli'm play?*) 

Ft>ur ariM of life puM*t guiltless o'rc 
Uut in the fifth she slays. 


Whene're impatient for the bliss ^ W?Kktoi 

Within her arms you fall 
The plaister'd fair returns the kis8 

Like Thisbe — thro' a wall. 


** Say ! what reward shall be decreed 

For deeds like those of Sir John Cope 
Reason and rhyme are all agreed 
His ribband should be made a rope." 

N.D. — " Verses on Mr. Prior by Mr. Ingram of the Temple ; brother 
to (Vail ?) Ingram of Bath." 

N.D.^^Poem beginning ^'Bat what are these to great Atossa's 
Biad ? " Endorsed " Pope on the Duchess of Marlboro'." At the end 
is written : " It is said and believed that the Dutches gave him (Pope) 
1,000/. to suppress and call in all the printed copies of the Poem whereof 
the verses upon her were a part : but if he took the money and did not, 
it was like other things of the same nature which he did." 

N.D. — ^Paper of verses, the first headed ** The resolve by Lady M. 

Following this is " Lady M. Wortley's imitated by Mr. P[ope]." 

N.D. — ** By Loid Chesterfield on his making Mr. Kent the King's 
painter." {WiUiam Kent died in 1748.] 

" As, to Apelles, Ammon's son 
Would only deign to sit ; 
So, to thy pencil, Kent ! alone 
Will Brunswick's form submit : 

Equal your envied wonders ! save 
This difference we see, 

One would no other painter have- 
No other would have thee." 

N.D. — Complimentary verses, unsigned ; addressed on the back to 
«« the Hon. Mrs. Wyndham." Begins — 

** Mudi at an hour I need not name 
When sluggards stretch and lovers drean," 

£n€ls — 

•* Pray when yon write, remember will ye 
To give my love to brother Billy ? ** 

N.D.— jBpitaph upon the Bishop of Salisbury [Burnet] 

*' Here Sarum lyes of late as wise 
As learned as your Aquinas 
Yet to be sure he was no more 
A Christian than Sosinas (Socians) 

Oaths pro and con he swallowed down 
Loved gold like any lay man 
Wrote, preached, and pi*ayed 
And yet betrayed 
Mother Church for mammon. 


MBS. or 

R. W. KiTTOV. 

Of every vice he had a spice 

Yet though a precious prelate 
lie lived and dyed if not bclyed 

A true dissenting zealot. 

If 9uch a soul to Heaven i8 stole 

And *scaped old 8atan*tf clutches 
Wo may presume there will be room 

For Marlborough and his Duchess.** 

Some lines on Miss Townshend, by the Author of the history of 
Benet College, Cambridge. 

'* Instances of the elegant stile of Alderman Nutting of Cambridge. 

" Whereas a multiplicity of damages are frequently ooeurr*d bj 
damage of outrageous accidents by fire, we whose names are nnderiUeii 
have thought pro()er that the necessity of an engine ought by ns, for the 
l)ottcr extinguishing of which by the accidents of Almighlj God m*/ 
unto us luippen, to make a rate to gather liencvolcnce for better 
propagating such good im^trunient.** 

** Honourable Sir, Have sent you a small present, who humbly prsj 
may prove worthy of acceptance which is a hair. Who is your hofflble 

lo. N.D. (handwriting of the 18th century).— Paper beaded ^ Key of 
the [)crsons supposed to be meant in Pudica."* A List of 48 person* 
ages ^? of a play] with their prototypc8| or living represeotatives, ti 

follows : 

Dick Mcrryfellow 
Count Antiquary 
Squire Fog 
•luck Shad well 
Mill's Dinglebob 

Mr. and Mrs. Kull 
Kdniuml HoldfA.*«t 
Tom Tem pieman 

1 J illy Tweed • 
Jacob HuUet - 
]Vu\y Popple - 
Worthy Clergy luan, fjagc 26 
C'4»uns4*iler Bullet 
lujiiriMl liady - 
Frank Spixworth 
Sir Kdm-d B-<r-n of G-1 

tliistii'c Hruluh 

Mr. Mc^n^^vllabU* 

* From ■ p4-«li^'i- ri)iiipii<*«l hy » descendant of one of the 
below, It i» atoertaiuisl that tliii must h»T<: bvtu wriltea bttw«ta 1711 sad I7Ml 

Dick Ghurdiner. 

Mr. Earl, junr. 

Mr. Hase. 

Mr. Buxton, of ShadwelL 

Mr. Bran th way t. 

Miss Sothcrton. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sothertoo. 

Mun Locke. 

Tom Churchman. 

Miss F. Preston, now llr»- 

Berwick, a Surgeon. 
Old Jacob Preston. 
Billy Jermey. 
Kev. Mr. Preston* 
Isaac Preston. 
Mr». Courtney. 
Isaac Sprat. 
Mr. Lon«^. 

Sir E<imund Bacon of Gl^ 

Phil : Brewftter, 

Mr. Brett. 


fieaa Taper - 

Sir Charles Easy 

P-ke . . - 

Miss Sbadwells 

Dr. T-n 

B-le . 

W-ls-gh-m - 


Sir R-ch-d C-x 

Sir A-r Gr-re - 

Ch-r-ls Gkrd-r 


E-1 of K-ld-re 

E. of C-rr-ck 

Bishop of Cl-gh-r 

Bishop of D-rr-y 



H-b-rt, son to the E-. 

Miles Dinglebob's Uncle 

His son A r 

Sir BiUy Silly - 
Sir Harry Kirby 
Dr. S-lt-r 
T-m Walsh for 
Popgun hall 

Mr. Beavor. 

Sir R. Ward. 

Pembroke, an attorney. 

Miss Buxtons. 

Dr. Thurston. 




Sir Richard Cox. 

Sir Arthur Gore. 

Charles Gardiner. 

Earl of Kildare. 
Earl of Carrick. 
Bishop of Clogher. 
Bishop of Derry. 
Mr. Stanhope. 

- Robertson. 

of 1 Mr. Hobart, son to the Earl of 

- J Buckinghamshire. 

- Old Miles Branthwayt. 

- His son Arthur. 

- Sir William Wiseman. 

- Sir Hanson Bemey. 
. Dr. Salter. 

- B-m. 

- Gunthorp. 




16. N.D. (handwriting of the 18th century). — ^Paper headed ** An 
pistle of Chion to Matris, translated from the Greek Original. A 
tter written after 401 B.C.*" 

Another bundle marked ^' French and Italian verse and prose printed." 
ontaining a copy of a canzone of Metastasio's beginning '^ Grazie agV 
ganni trioi, Alfin respiro o Nice,'^ and an answer to it by Giacomo 
ftnotti. And several fugitive ballads and squibs. 

A bundle of miscellaneous printed pamphlets, lampoons, &c,, contains 
'* Case of John Mills, Benjamin Johnson, James Quin, Josias Miller^ 
beophilus Cibber, John Harper, Benjamin Griffin, William Mills, 
illiam Milward, Charles Shepard, Thomas Walker, Lacy Ryan, John 
ippisley, Dennis Delane, Thomas Chapman, Samuel Stephens, Mary 
eron, Elizabeth Butler, Christiana Horton, Anne Hallam, Jane Bui* 
:k, and Elizabeth Buchanan on behalf of themselves and the rest of the 
^medians of the Theatres Royal of Drury Lane and Co vent Garden," 
otesting against a bill in Parliament for restraining the number of 
uses for playing of interludes, &c. 


This and similar papers (see No. 2) appear rather to be diaries of 
avel, and the impressions formed on the writer during his stay at the 
aces from which or about which he writes. 

♦ Date of the Battle of Cunaxa, where Cyrus was killed fighting against bis 
>ther Artaxerxes. 

U 60050. N 


M^oy 1. 1693, October 3rd, new style. "Lucqua." Paper unaignedY 

Big. '' headed ** concerning Florence.*'— The character of the Dake, CoMno 
— dei Medici (III.), about 55 years old. Is extremely religious, a great 

admirer of money, and particularly kind to the Engiiah c«f either aez. 
Has walls underground and a corridor to retire privately to from Poggio 
de Pitti into the Gallery. Keeps the city bridled, and adds to his 
treasures. Engrosses all the salt and iron. The latter he geta from the 
Island of £U>a which he hired of the Spanianls. Allows even the 
bread and corn to be monopolized and connives at tradesmen going out 
of the country without confis^cating their goods (his father woald neTer 
do it). Since this permission the city is <fenude<l of 30,000 men. Ebs 
16 per cent, of all lead sold an<l H per cent, of widows* portions that 
marry. Takers 16 per cent, for all houses bought and 5 ahilliDgs 
English for every pig or hog and proportionally for eggs he. broogfat 
into the town. On marrying a son has 300,000 or 400,000 crowns of 
the country towards maintaining the ex|Mmce. Does not scruple to 
take the finest altar pieces out of several churches and pat copies in 
their stead ; *Mbe scverali pictures I have set down in another paper.** 
[This does not ap|)ear among this bundle.] He is the greatest Mer- 
chant in the worhi. The Duke of Bavaria put some money into his 
hands for security, 300,0(X) crowns of which he subtracts for the 
Princt;*s portion, gives 4 |H'r cent, for the rest. He has a fine altar 
piece making in brass basso relievo for the East Indiea by the be^t 
Mastor in the worlrhouse belonging to Jean de Bologne. The Palace of 
Pitti was built by a townsman who hoaring a nobleman*s house mightily 
commended said he would build one sliould have a court where the 
House should be able to stand, every window oi* the House should be 
bigger than hi^ door. All the pic'tun*s taktm out of the churches arv 
kept here with a groat many others of the most famous hands. Apart- 
ments hero lire titled up for the Cardinal the Duke Prince Ferdinand 
and his brother who hiL** tho Duke's library near him. Speaks of the 
renown<*<l library of the Pitti PalatM^ and specifies some of the literary 
treasures. *' Nothing was more n^narkable than the famous libimrj 
keeper Mullial>ecchi who can be compare<l to nothing but a more 
learned DiogiMics, a man of an extraordinary memory and unparalleled 
complaisance* ; of a low hoiglit and small wast. To see him in his 
ChumlH.*r is to \i'*w one with a little short Inn waistcoat, breeches 
ragged, a napkin about his middle to keep the culd and the company's 
eyeii from his nmlities ; 3 or 4 large rooms drowned with l>ooks, stain 
blockt up with Pamphlets, and windows stopt up with Folios ; his 
money about the table which he purchases a roastetl vgg or some such 
dinnor with, for licing afraid to Ioh' a minuti* u|>on himsi*If seldoin sits 
to a formal dinner or sleeps with his habit olf,a man of a c^orrespomfeiice 
as general as his memory is vast, of a civility as great as his way of 
living is fMirticular.*** In nnotlior House of the Duke's called Poggio 
Imperiale which the writer describes as l»eautifully ailorned and 
arranged there are pictuivs of nixteen Kngli.**h wourmi ; ** the Duichees of 
Cleaveland's olmcured all the n^^^t ; in the 2nd fliM>r was a large gallery 
with the ihiiidii'St picture of King James* Queen that ever was seen 
making her liker a kitehen weneli than a Heleiie, King Charles the 1st 
and Que«*n by Vandyk** and great ninny fine Cabinets with festoons of 

* Antniiin Mafrii»)>fcc)i« wa*> iNirn at Klon-iirr. 2S Octoltrr K'SS. As a boy ks 
vat pLiC<*«l »« M-TTiiit to » ilruli-r in fnitt, »ihI while in ihii rmpUjateot WU a j ai te 
renarkiibli* a pn>(N-n«itv fur Ni«>k<> and letter* that a IwiokM'Ilcr took hia iata las 
Mrricr. Thr (irmiid I)uk«, hrariiiip <if hi* wontU*rfuI taUmti and 
him hi* lihrmrinn. Ho dic«l U Jolj 1714. 


mother of pearl in basso relievo." Prince Ferdinand [son of the Grand HSS. ov 

Duke] is about 30 years and married to the Duke of Bavaria's ^^-jgj*^'- 

•daughter. Descriptions of him and his wife. The Duke and the ~^~ 

Prince dine separately. The Duke maintains all the Prince's equipages 

-and allows him 100 Crowns a day for pocket money, keeping his 

musicians and comedians. He generally lives at Prattibua about five 

miles from Florence in a << little house but the best chambers except 

pitts (?), fine waterworks, organs playing, drums beating, storming of 

towns, shooting of guns, all sorts of mills going. Pan playine on his pipes, 

nymphs coming out of their houses filling their pails with water and 

retiring with a work of tricks to wet the spectators, fire grottos with 

serpents drinking and swans men giving them water, and a great many 

cool rooms." The Duke has another house about the same distance with 

a park about thirty miles away where he hunts game and pots the venison 

for slaves and gives leave to shoot pheasants and hares. The young 

Prince, John [son and successor of the Grand Duke], speaks English 

pretty well. Jo. Haines was his tutor. Very favorable to the English. 

2. 1693, (sic) September 9 {sic)j new style. Innspriick. Paper 
unsigned [same handwriting as No. 1.] — Begins '* About 5 English 
miles before wee came to Inspragg wee met on the sides of the 
mountains an infinite company of wing'd grasshoppers 5 times as large 
as they are commonly in England." So great is the plague of these 
insects that prayers are offered for delivery from them; they are 
supposed to come from Hungary where there were such prodigious 
quantities that they left notMng but poisonous herbs for the cattle, 
who died in great numbers from eating them. The insects '' will sit 
upon a stack of hay and devour it presently ; if they should attack a 
man 1 know not how he would escape, for they bite as severely as most 
little birds." Describing the salt making at Hall [Hallstein] the writer 
says the salt comes from the top of a hill at a good distance, where 
•there is a spring which runs into their chambers of salt, where hundreds 
of men are either working, sleeping, or eating (for day or night there 
is no intromission), from thence in pipes to their pans which are many 
and large. The workmen are the strongest Germans that can be got 
and they carry columns of salt weighing 300 lb. and more. They are 
obliged to have an iron and leather hat weighing 40 lb. to save breaking 
their necks, and no man is admitted as a workman unless he can carry 
it up a hill and three times about a ring ; when the Duke of Florence 
was there, one carry'd all this and a man upon the pillar of salt besides. 
The salt is extraordinarily good. Another expedient used in making 
the salt is by the heat of the sun. A machine made on wheels has a 
cover removable at will for sunshine and foul weather. It is thought 
that the Emperor of Germany receives 100,000 crowns revenue from 
the salt. The deer and stags at such times come down from the 
mountains in great numbers, sometimes as many as two hundred one after 
another. Quails are taken in large quantities by means of nets. Foxes 
and hares are white here and have extremely long hair to keep them 
from the cold. The bears and wolves here are troublesome. Refers to 
the frequency of goitre in these parts. The method of coining money 
in this country is curious. At Hall they " having molten the silver pour 
into a mould which by two round brass solid boxes they make as long 
again, then putting of it between two circular bodys — which go by 
water^-of several sizes they grow it what stamp and what bigness tJbey 
please, then they cut it round by laying of it atop of a hole in iron 
and cut it by a solid made engin adapted to the hole and going with 
* screw ; the ♦* Krisers " [Kreutzers] they make by laying it upon an 

N 2 


1188.01^ iron Trith the stamp and another Trith the reverse screwed down uftm 
ft»WJKmov. ii They cut the gold pcices by a very great screw pois'd with gieet 
-^ weight, another of these screws that stamps the little money ((oes bj 

water, the other by the hand, of the 4th part of a floren a new man 
could make 150 crowns and of the *' Kritscr " [Krentzer] one man oonld 
make 50 crowns." The Queen of P. [Poland] is at church all day 
long; she and the old Duke of L. [? Lithuania! usod to go every night 
at 12 o'clock to prayers. She has four fine children, the eldest 15 yean 
old. Earthquakes are frequent here. 

The next place spoken of is Neuburg on the Danube, where the 
writer says is a handsome college. The Danube is not very broad bot 

Ausbourg [Augsburg]. 

** A very fine stat-house not to bo compared to that of Amsterdam.*' 
The inhabitants put salt on their houses to keep them from onchant* 

^'At Brussels the Jews wouhl have stole away the s* sacrementbnt 
being prevented stole the Ik>x in which it was and immediately the 
blood squirted in their fiices.*' 

Also mentions many curiosities seen on the journey. 

3. N.D., but contains an autograph note signed W. Windham.^- A^ 
to an application made by Count Massay for a ticket to see ^'oar" 
play. Mr. Windham writes his opinion on this application and an 
opinion is signed by him and Hix others odveme to it (though others 
support it), the Count's bf'haviour to the English not entitling him to 
any particular regard. The memorandum is signed by Uichard Nevill 
Aldworth, W. Windham, Charles Churchill, George llervey, George 
de la Lippe, William de la Lipjw, and Robert Price." 

4. 1722. June. — <' The substance of the Bishop [Uoadly] of 
Hereford's charge." 

N.I). — Coi>y of the reasons of the House of IjonU for insisting upoo 
certain amendments to an Act intituled *' An Act for the tbrtber 
limitation of the Crown and the better pn^serving the rights and 
liberties of the subject whereby persons having ofiii*e or places of 
profit or pensions from tlie Crown are made iuea|iable of serving m» 
members of the Hou>e of Commons." 

1743.— Copy of Jjord Stair's Memorial to the King *^ when he rerigned 
his command.*' 

1738, May 20. — ** The S]K'aker*H s|M>eeh to the King at the close of ihr 
ScsMon.'' stating that tlii^ IIuii.m* of CommonH had vot4*<i 3,75O,UU0l. for 
the maintenance of the* fleet and anny and for diM'harging a miilioM uf 
the national ilebt. The vot<* had bei-n inereaKe<l to tliat amooat 
to the injuries and in^ultN olfered by Spain to English ships in 
West Indies and America. 

1704, Feb. 27. — A s« rir?. of re*.olutions condemning the actioo of 

House of Common ^ for rommiTtin^ to priMui John Paty» John Oviatt 
John Paton, Henry lUr-, ;ii;«i Ihiniel Horn *' for comneociQg an 
prosecuting action^ at law af;ain.-t tlie late cou.-tables at Aylesbury fo 

not allowing iheir \oU-^ at the election of members to ' 



I692y Dec. 20. — Dablin. '^Accoant of the dispute between tbe M8&«» 
Lord Lieutenant and Parb'ament in Ireland,'* relating to the claim of ^* ^jg^^***' 
the Irish House of Commons to prepare the heads of money bills. The — ^* 

account is in a letter beginning ^* Dear Sir," but unsigned and unad- 
dresssed. The Irish hope bj this practice (if they obtain their demand) 
that they will " in time oblidge the Crowne to repeal Poynings' law, a thing 
which is universally desired here, for as on the one side it would tend 
mightily to the liberty and flourishing estate of this country, so it is 
thought possible to assert the power and dominion of England over 

Ireland in time to come My Lord Lieutenant lookes 

upon it as an attempt in the Commons to become as much as they 
can independent on England, and the Commons say it's their birth' 
right, and that they as well as the Commons of England ought to have 
it ; that it's reason that they that give, should dispose of the manner of 

N.D. [1737].— Copy letter (beginning "George R.") from Kmg 

Gteorge IL to the Prince of Wales. 

" George R. The professions you have lately made in your letters 
of your particular regard to me are so contradictory to all your actions 
that I cannot suffer myself to be impos'd upon by them. 

You know very well you did not give the least information to me, 
or to the Queen that the Princess was with child until within less than 
a month of the birth of the young Princess. 

You removed the Princess twice in the week immediately preceding 
the day of her delivery from the place of my residence in expectation 
— as you voluntarily declared— of her labour ; and both times upon your 
return you industriously concealed from the knowledge of me and the 
Queen every circumstance relating to this important affair, and you at 
last, without giving any notice to me, or to the Queen, precipitately 
hurried the Princess from Hampton Court in a condition not to be 
named. After having thus, in execution of your own determined 
measures, exposed both the Princess and her chQd to the greatest 
peril, you now plead surprize and your tenderness for the Princess as 
the oidy motives that occasioned these repeated indignities offered to 
me, and to the Queen your mother. 

This extravagant and undutiful behaviour in so essential a point as 
the birth of an heir to my Crown is such an evidence of your pre- 
meditated defiance of me, and such a contempt of my authority and of 
the natural rights belonging to your parents, as cannot be excused by 
the pretended innocence of your intention, nor palliated or disguised by 
specious words only. 

But the whole tenour of your conduct for a considerable time has 
been so entirely void of all real duty to me that I have long had reason 
to be highly offended with you. And until you withdraw your regard 
and confidence from those by whose instigation and advice you are 
directed and encouraged in your unwarrantable behaviour to me and to 
the Queen ; and until your return to your duty, you shall not reside in 
my palace which I will not suffer to be made the resort of them, who 
tmder the appearance of an attachment to you, foment the division 
'which you have made in my family and thereby weaken the common 
interest of the whole. 

In this situation I will receive no reply : but when your actions 
tnanifest a just sense of your duty and submission, that may induce me 
to pardon what at present I most justly resent. . 


Mi ^y In the meantime it is my pleasure that yoa leave St JameaTB with iD 

"' yonr^familj when it can be done without prejudice or incoovenienee to 

the " 

I shall for the present leave to the Princess the care of mj grand- 
daughter until a proper time calls upon me to consider oL her 

1704 to 1708. 

A miscellaneous collection of newsi>aper8 containing no new matter, 
tied up with the following letters. 

[1704] Auguct 23, O.S. Nordlingen.^Clolonel William Windham ta 
his mother. *' I was loth to write verj soon after my first aoeoont I gave 
you of my being shot in the leg in the late eog^agement becansa tml/ 
my sui^geons could not tell well what to think of the matter, but upoo 
my arrival to this place — which is the hospital for all our woa]ided«— I 
have got all the help I can desire, and on Tuesday last was (brtaight 
mv leg was doomed to be cut off, and accordingly it was that day, since 
wnich time I thank G^ there has not happencMi the least ill aceideot 

that could be Surely a greater victory [Blenheim] 

was never gained. They were 11,000 foot stronger, and we wcro 6,000 
strongest in horse ; they were so strongly encamped that they laughed to 
see us coming." 

1704, Sep. 13, O.S. Nordlingen.— Colonel W. Windham' to his 
mother, with accounts of his health. *^ My stump goes still toadmir** 
tion ; the bone must scale off at the end before it can be healed up or 
else one week more would do the business which now may take tiiree, 
but there is no danger nor much trouble in that." In a poaCaeripC^ 
** our garrison is aguiii at lk)is le Due, please to direct to A[mflterdaoi]. 
I long to hear a full account how everything does at Felbrigge, pray do 
you B|)en<l the winter there ? " 

1707, July 28, O.S. M<ldert.— Colonel W. Windham to his brother 
Asho Windham. ** Thin morning our Duke has received an aeoonnl 
that Prince Eugene and the Duke of Savoy have forced the eneniy*s 
entrcnchm<*nt<i before Toulon, July 18th, O.S., wht^n; thoy liad poated 35 
battalions for the security of the town. Our frieuds were beaten on the 
firift attack, (»utcarrie(l it in the second with u terrible slaughter to the 
enemv. We hsve no nN»ni to doubt of thiit account, nor that the 
will )>c taken, for tliin lettiT expresses a stran*^* alarum that they 
at Parifs n^ if they w(*n* totally ami infallibly undone. 

Two days past Mr. Vandoine luiulc a «letaohment from this amy of 
17 l>attAlion«« and (> H|ua4lron:«, .«o we an* in great ox|)ectation of enter* 
ing u(»«.*n artion on tliis hide. \V«* have lN*en a long time talking of the 
low eybite our enemies were reduee«l to, and I think verily that it is 
now filnH»(tt roine. The Dntoh have publiKlunl a n-solution that they 
will buy up no in«ii-e of their hilln, nor lend them any money: this we 
reirkon almost hs ^I'Oil \v< another Imtllo if they k«*ep tlietr word. Yoor poor 
go4l»on 1 am afraid will lie dead by that time 1 get this evening to Lovnin. 
We talk already of marching towanl.s the enemy ; if they retire behind 
their line** m* may lK*5i<f:e Mons or Tournay ; but if they stand na we 
may Mud you bt'tter new.-^.*' At the bottom of tliA letter, after the 
signature, id the following note in another hand dated ** Wavre le II 


Aoo^t k 6 henret da matin " : '^ Notre ann^ a march^ tonte la nait» et M88. oi 
aura prevenn les ennemis an camp de Genape od nos gens ont pris ^ ^b^"^' 
poste k la pointe da joar. H est crojable qae les ennemis auront pass^ ""-^ 

la Sambre sons le canon de Charleroj : sinon il pourra y avoir ce joar 
une bataille, on du moins qa'on tombera sur lear arridre garde. 

Le Dae de Savoye foisoit travailler aaz lignes de circonvalation poar 
oavrir la tranch^e le 3 de ce mois." 

[All the above is written on the inside sheet of the paper ; on the 
front is : — ] 

1707y Ang. 12. Amsterdam.^-^^ What you find on the other side is 
all we had this post from France, we hear nothing of what the Colonel 
says on the other side which makes as think that the thing is not so fair 
as we heard at first. All the expectation we have is that the 7th there 
arrived an express to the King of France, and what he brought iti kept 
very secret Next post we shall know more of the matter which you 
may depend shall let yoa know." 

1708, Jnly 30. Paper endorsed. — ** Scheme of the manner of the 
landing the Army." General Erie who commanded the Expedition was 
on board the LwUow Castle. 

1708, July 24. — '* Orders to be observed before and after landing the 

1. That all officers on board take care to look over their men's arms 
every day and see that they be well fixed and have good flints. 

2. That before they land they take care to have six cartridges fixed 
in their hats and to tie their cartridge boxes and pouches about their 
necks so as to keep them dry. 

3. That when they land no officer or soldier shall stir out of the 
ranks on any pretence whatsoever on pain of death which shall be 
immediately executed on them. 

4. That the adjutant general be attended by an orderly adjutant of 
each brigade, each of the majors of brigade by a sergeant of each regi- 
ment who. are to repair to the adjutant general and the majors of brigade 
as soon as ever they land. 

5. That the men be all ordered on the decks and that the officers on 
board each ship do read the articles of war to them with notice that if 
any of them transgress they shall be proceeded against according to the 
said articles without mercy. 

" Thos. Erie." 

1707, Dec. 22.— "Copie d'une lettre 6crite i S. A. Milord Due de 
Marlborough." Unsigned. The writer has a plan for transporting the 
Duke's army into France through the enemy's lines and begs a short 
audience before refusal of his project is decided upon. He goes on : 
^^ Mais comme je ne 89aurois soufirir que votre Altesse n'aye pas toute 
la glorie d'une si belle expedition, on trouvera ais^ment des moyens de 
retenir S. A. E. de Brunswick sur le Rbein en grossissant pour un 
terns son arm^e de propres troupes de la votre, que vous serez par 
consequent en droit de reprendre toutes les fois que boo vous semblera, 
sans qa'il y puisse trouver a redire. Cependant cela obligera I'ennemi 
d'eatre plus fort sur le Rhein et facilitera la r^ussite de la ruze que 
vous mettiez en usAge contre lui en Flaudres. Mais pour cela, 
Monseigneur, je prends la liberty de vous le repeter encore, ne vous 
emberrassez pas beaucoup de I'ltalie, et attirez de ce cote-ci toutes les 
troupes qui sent le plus dans votre dependence, et que PEroperear 


E.w.^Cmov ^^^^J^ ®" lulie tel nombre qu*il voudra de oellet dont il Ttui 
Bt^ ' Absolament disposer oq seul quelquc raisoDi quelque neoeaBit^ quelqiM 
remonstrance, qui puisse s'y opposer." 


Bundle niarke<i '' Letters of K. W[indham], and some fnnn her son 
James Windham, about South Sea Stock." 

1712, Feb. 9. Toulon. — Unsigned letter beginning " Dear brother." 
Containing a description of the Island of Minorca, the fortificatioiu of 
which the writer thinks are *' three times as strong as Gibraltar • • 

a good many of those are English fortifications by 

Brigadier Durrant, of whose engiueership people have so good an opinioQ 
that nobo<]y thinks a stono is wrong placed." 

1718, May 3. Bath. — .Tames Windham to his brother, Ashe Wind- 
ham, at Felbrigg. " Dear Brother, I was yesterday at Bristoll where I 
receivc<l the /K)/. of Sellwoo<l. Your favour came safe, and I really think 
Sistor Groy much mcndo<l ; and the waters pass well enough, gaming 
and praying our chief sports, except with Patty a little now and then. 
The weather now very gooil and fine riding out. General Meredith not 
hero, a great many quality ; Striifford, Richmond, Kent, March, Soother- 
land, Colrauo, Ilarloy, Warwick, Armagh, More, Howard. All with as 
send much service.*' 

[l72().]^Mrs. Windham to Ashe Windliam at Felbrigg. 

'^ South S*ft is all the talko and fashion; the ladys sell their jewel! a 
to hyo, and hapy aro they that ar«« in. It has fell a little, some amy till 
the hill i^ {mst ; othors, foreigners doe not come in: last poat Mijca it 

84'IIm in Holland for KM) but the first deslen 

wore the frrotitoi«t ilenlcrs and gainers. Jemy [Ashe Windham's 
brother] so pI«>a.4<H] with his good fortune, his grave face is torn*d to a 

smiling; he can*t looki* on you without a 8im|>er. 

Mr. Whitwi»rth . . . g»vo mi* 2(K) guineas for the rclbsal of Soath 
Sea nt oO() in two months for l,(X)() stocko, I am afniid ho will not take 
it, and I l)o a rich widow at last. Never was such a time to get mooej 
as now." 

1720, No month. — .Tamos Windham to A>hc Windham. South Sc« 
Stock. *' I grow rich so fast that I like stock jobbing of all thinn. 

Since the South Sea have doclan*d what they give to m 

annuitant!* Sto<rk has risen va.«itly. South Sea lias this day been 460 ; 
they offer 50 p<*r cont. for the refusal at 450 for the op<*ning. I think it 
will U' 5<iO Ix'foro the shutting, I moan the Mock.** Has** a mind lo 
buy land,** and wishfs for an o^tutc in Norfolk : would ** willingly buy a 
clevor estate in land if it cost 10 or 16 or 20,(MK) pounds,** Aaka hia 
brother to buy f«>r him if he hears of anything that is good. 

1720, July 12th. — .Tames Windham to his brother Ashe Windham. 
Is piml he has sent to Mr. Wal[Mde for 1,000/. subscription. Their 
Mother ha^< boon promised 1,<NN)/. in theCNmifiany by I^onl Townahend. 
**PorhapH aftor the iKMiks o|)on CAurrnst 22) the South Sea ma j lend 
monoy on thrir stock, it can't lie befi»ro, but then as they cmn*t land to 
every iMviy, happy aro thoy that can ^t it, so your best way is to a ec nw 
1,000/. a*« !MM>n a** you can conveniently, and keep it for taat porpoae." 
Talks of huying an estate. 


[1720], Aug. 28. — Mrs. Windham to Ashe Windham, the first part M8g.oy 
as to the purchase of an estate near his own at Felbrigg. w,Kmi>K 

''The bubles instead of a milion have by underhand ways, have '"*" 

projected to increase their stocks to milions without end, have forced 
the Government to goe about to suppress them, and if they cannot doe 
it, the parl^ must, or millions must be undon, for how can lutstring 
copes, and Thames water, or insurance employ millions, aboundance 
will be loosers now ; Sir Alex. Cam. (sic) 40,000/., Lord Westmorland 
150,000/., and lesser people in aboundance. Stocks that sell at a 100 
canot devide OdL, some not ^d» 

1720, Nov. 26. London.— William Windham to his brother, Ashe 
Windham. ''We are here in a most sad state .between hope and 
despair. Allmost every one gives great assurances. Mr. Walpole is 
said often to declare he thinks his scheme will do, but the Parliament is 
put off and people are frightened, and so stock falls. 

Poor Jimmy's affairs are most irretrievable and as to the misery which 
I think will attend this affair we do not see 100th part. AUmost all one 
knows or sees are upon the very brink of destruction and those who were 
reckoned to have done well yesterday are found stark nought to-day. 
These devills of directors ha^e ruined more men's fortunes in this world, 

than I hope old Belzebub will do souls for the next. 

Lord Irwin has compounded a difference of 27,000/. with Colonel Charters 
for under 7,000/., but over I fear great sums borrow'd. Sir B. Wrench 
is quite out of heart, going home on Monday. If the ministry do 
nothing after all their promises, they are as bad as the directors. . « ." 

1720, Sept. 27. London.— William Windham to Ashe Windham. 
The bursting of the bubble. " There never was such distraction and 
undoing in any country. You can't suppose the number of familys 
undone. One may almost say everybody is ruined who has traded 
beyond their stock. Many a 100,000 man not worth a groat, and it 
grieves me to think of some of them. I have no contracts against me, 
only that they upon whom I have obligations are bad paymasters. 

They call South Sea 300, but there are no buyers. 

Mr. Walpole and the managers give no hopes of better things in a few 
days ; not a penny stirring." 

1720, Jan. 3. James Windham to Ashe Windham. As to his 
affairs* " My own private money is in a bad way, but the o£Sce was 

never more safe and secure My accounts there are so clear 

and so known by the whole office that you will likely have your bond 

up in a week after I quit Mr. Ingram will be 

out as will all the directors from any place of trust, for 'tis said the 
Court have given up the directors, and in a little time they will be in 
the state of bankrupts for the good of the company. Aisleyby must 
suffer, and some say Craggs." Speaks of his own prospects : " the sea 
is fittest for an undoae man, and so I am for that.*' 

1720-1, Jan. 5. Salt Office. — James Windham to Ashe Windham. 
The bursting of the bubble. 

** A bill is ordered to be brought in to make it felony for the South 
Sea directors and others of that house to go out of the kingdom, felony 
to alienate their wealth, felony to conceal it, and felony in others to 
conceal it. Motioned by Sir Joseph Jekyll, seconded by H. Walpole 
and others, this past nemine contradicente and will put them under great 
difficulties. A committee of 13 are ordered to examine this affair, who 
are to be chose on Friday by balotting. There is no danger, but enough 


vss. tfw will be proved against them — it is illegal to bj atock in a 
^ ^'i£j!^'' capacity, unwarraDtable to lend money on aobficriptionai bat Ilia top 
— directors have 100 things to answer for. The town are verj nodi 

rejojced at this vigour in the Commons for it was ahrewdlj s oapac t ed 
the Court did desire to screen the directors for fear it might draw in 
Craggs : as for Aif leby he must fall, he has at least been goflty of 
aa mnt^ villainy as any of them. 

The directors have brought themselves into bankraptey bj beii^ 
conning arthil knaves ; I have come into the same state for bdiif a 
very silly fool. I loose by people being ruined, and by the Srd and 4lh 
sobscription not being delivered out above 20,0001. ; this will pay no 
debts, and hinders me from paying them other ways." Asks his brother 
to be as ^ easy " as he can with him. 

Letters to Colonel William Windham and his fellow stodanta at 
Geneva 1741, from his companions and their tutors. 

A bundle of letters so marked, addressed indifferently to Mr. ^Hnd* 
ham or Thomas, 7th Earl of Haddington, upon a variety of topioa con- 
nected with the travels of these young gentlemen m Franoe and 
Holland. Mr. Windham was at Geneva with his tutor Bmjamin 
Stillingfleet, author of '« Tracts in Natural History ; " a «' Treatise on the 
principles and power of harmony " hc^ who was a grandson of Dr. Siil- 
lingfleet. Bishop of W^orcester 1689-1699. 

The letters are not of general interest, but the following 
have been selected. 

1741, April 4. Amsterdam.— T. Dampier* to ''Mons. Wii 
ou en son absence a Milord Haddington k la cour de St. 
Geneve.*' . . . ** Mr. Tate says he won't fail sending yoo 
post an account ofLocatelli. . . . Locatelli must surely beallowod 
by all to be a Terre moio. Tate adds the three other elanwnta, 
Heavens and all. ... He plays his * Labyrinihe ' and another pieea 
which he has lately ooropoBcd 50 times more difficult with more case than 
I can huiuro the * Black Joke ' . . . for my part I look upon hia 
to be as frreat a player as Handel, tho' this latter be so much bigmr and 
taller. He play.H with so much fury upon his fiddle that in mynonhla 
opinion h** mnvt wear out some dozens of them in a year. Mr. <?— **^^ 
the bookiieller here, who is mast^T of a ^eat stock of learning in aD 
the arts and («ciencc*<i, told us that he (Locatelli) never was known la 
play one note out of tune, except once, when in performing the diflenk 
pieo' he has lately conipose<i, he thrust his little finger through tba 
bri«ige of the fuMle and could not K<^itoutaf!ain. ... 1 nnaC teO 

Jou alw> of many fine iKMiks I have purchase<l. The Plato and P w>c h i a 
have bought, J(»linny, arc better than yours, lieing accompanied by 
their title paK^'^*, as a pnM>r whereof 1 tell you that lioth were priiitad 
by John ValdtTus fit Hale in 1*534; I bouf^ht mine al^o cheaper than 
you did vourii. Kvrry urticic i;* a matter of triomph. I have b o ug llt 
al»o Sini|>lieiu»V Comtncnix on AriMtotU' printmi t>y Altlu«, and TImck 
critUM, HeMod, &c., printed hy Aldu.H in 1 li>5. Very neat and praeions 

J'eweU indtrd ! . . . And to crown all, old Still[ingfieeC]9 1 haTi 
Miught a ino^t ma^iifici*iit S<»|iliocles for you, by H. Stephens. *Tia 

* AftcrwanU bab-Master of Kioo Md Dean of Darhaa. 



qaite eletaiy large margins &c. It cost 10/. of France and many words s. ij^^nov, 
in endeavoaring to get it for less." Bs^ 

1741y April 11. Amsterdam. — Benjamin Tate to his friends at 
Geneva — on Locatelli, the then celebrated violinist. 

1741y April 11. Amsterdam. — T. Dampier to W. Windham, as to 
the prints and engravings the writer has purchased. In conclusion he 
sajs : ** I must tell jon before I finish this letter that if you receive no 
more pleasure in Germany than we did in the little we passed through, 
you will heartilv repent of your journey. Gothism sits triumphant 
upon every building and palace throughout the whole country." 

1741, April 19. Rotterdam. — ^T. Dampier to his friends, William 
Windham, Lord Haddington at Geneva ; a long chatty letter, not of 
general interest. The greater part relates the ridiculous behaviour of a 
certain knight whom the writer calls Sir Butcher Trey, in Holland. 

1741, July 30. Mitcham. — T. Dampier to his friends at Geneva. 
Home news. Mrs. Tate is gone away to Scarborough but has asked 
Dampier to write news enough for both. *' Don't you think it odd iu 
him to trust me with talking of musick and Handel ? They have had 
several conferences together, and I observed Fritz's musick to lie 
before them, and that the great man frequently cried Bravo and some- 
times bravissimo. He laughs very much at the opera which is pre* 
paring for next winter. He has refnsed to have anything to do in the 
matter. There are eight subscribers, each one 1,000/. I can remember the 
names of some of them : Lord Middlesex, Lord Brooke, Lord Conway, 
Lord Holdemess, Mr. Conway, Mr. Frederick, &c. Lord Middlesex it 
seems is the chief manager in the affiur : the men of penetration give hints 
that his Lordship's sole aim is to make his mistress, the Muscovita, appear 
to great advantage upon the stage. With this intent, say they, he has 
taken care to hire singers with voices inferior to hers ; and heir's is not 
worth a farthing. Lord Brooke is quite easy in the matter. I believe 
he would pay a thousand pounds more rather than have anything to do 

in it in the character of manager." Lord 

Brooke is surely the sweetest man alive, if he kept not Symmer in the 
house with him and such a crowd of servants to pick one's pocket after 
one has dined with him. ...... He intends building a house 

next summer in Wiltshire." Politics. ^' Doubtless you have heard of 
the motion made in the House just at the ending of the last Parliament 
to petition the King to remove Sir Robert [Walpole] from about him 
Some say Sir Robert gave Sandys a great deal of money to bring it in 
to the House. 'Tis certain it proved of no small advantage to him in 
the succeeding elections. The weakness of the minority appeared too 
plain in this affair ; when it was moved in the House many of them 
immediately went out and amongst the rest William Shippen. Some 
gay they were not advertised of the motion beforehand ; others, that 
they were br — bed ofF. *Tis very remarkable, that all those who lie 
under the suspicion of Jacobitism in the House were against the 

motion I can defer no longer giviog you an 

account of Lord Sandwich. He is very strong in the country interest-, 
and takes all his measures to continue it. He is married to the sister of 
Mr. Fane who was resident at Florence — a very agreable and sensible 
lady. His loi^dship'ke^ps'only a pair of horses and drinks nothmg but 
port wine. His whole way of living turns upon this principle, to keep 
himself out of necessity. He is regular in aU respects, aor' what is a 


R. w%TT09 ^^ ^^^^ ^"^ Christian thing, Johnnj, he never aweart an oath. H 
'esq. ' never spoke in opposition to Lord Halifax ; so far from tliat^ they an 
— fast friends ; act in concert toother, and always second one another ii 

the House. He exerted himself in the Huntingdon electioo with grea 
vigour and success. He got his two men elected and threw out Genera 
Handesyde who has had a long and established interest there. H 
gained his point by mere good management, which has contribatad i 
great deal to his character in the world as a very able man. To kee| 
some of his men, who had promised him their votes but were not vet] 
steady, out of the way of temptation — ^for no less than 300/. a man wai 
at last offered — ho sent them out upon various pretences a travellinf 
about England from one fine house to another, so well guarded that nom 

of the opjiosite party could possibly come at them 

never saw anyone so engaging and affable towards the common people.' 

The estate of learning in England The book tba 

has matlc the greatest noise lately in the polite world is PnmeiOj t 
romance in low life. It is thought to contain such excellent precepts 
that a leamc<l divine at LoikKhi recommended it very 0tron;;ly frua 
the imlpit. You dr.«in?d Still [ingflect], to have some account of Dr 
Middleton's book [Lije of Cicero], People are much divided ahon 
it, but in general 'tis thought inferior to what was expected : 'ti 
very much so in my humble opinion. The dedication to Lonl Hervey 
has b(*en very justly ami prettily ridiculed by Fielding in a dedication t< 
a pamphlet called Shameln which he wrote to biirleMpio the foremen* 

tioned romance As to the Doctor himseIC 

he is striving all ho can to g(>t preferment, but his former writings coo* 
cerning the authority of Moses nn<l the Archbishop will f«e always on 
insu|)erablo obstacle to it. lie has wrf)te frequently to the Archbishop 
and has hail several eonftTonces with him in order to clear himself."* 

J741, Oct. 14. Mitclmm.— T. Dampicr to the Earl of Ha«ldingtoa 
at Geneva. The writer and Mr. Tato *' liave not been a fortnight 
together ever since we came to England ... at prenvnt we an 
likely to remain tie<l down to the same spot.'* Is heartily tired of 
Mi tcham society ; ''all the politicks they have, they have out of th« 
newspa|»ers, which tfll lies most nonsensieally ami affoni a spatiftos 
Held for the more non.-tensicul comments of all that can but just read 
and write." News of the town. Loni Morpeth is dt'ad. '* *Tis credibly 
reporter! that he died of the venereal disti*ni(MT which he caught in 
Italy and kept secret so long that it proved at last incurable. The 
Tapster has marrie<l his sifter. They say 'tis a niourttrous match : you 
know what a huge gigantiek fellow ho is, and she is not mure than 
fourteen. You know I suppose tluit Lord II alii fax lias marrieil one 
Mrs. Dunck, a 12(),(XX) |>«>unds fortune. Her guardian usetl all means 
to make her marry one of the Stanhopes ; but .she resolved to chuM* for 

1741, Nov. 9. Paris.— RolKTt Price* to William Windham. 

'*Tho first thing 1 ilid ntter my an-ival wils to go to le Bai the 
engraver and untier pn-ti'iire of l(K>king at his prints to enquin* aAer 
I^urent's direction, but 1 llkrd him so well that I |iassod th»* whole 
af\enioon with him. lie wiis just come fmiii walking and had broright 
home some little groups of figures he had just ilraa-n after nature; it is 
his custom whi-n he walks out to tak<' his bo«»k with him and in case be 
sees anything pirtoresijue to sketch it out he kept ne 

* Mr. Price was one of the execnturt of Col. Windham's wilL 



with him the whole afternoon till it was quite dark showing me all lAs ngg. ^^ 
drawings. He is at present about a couple of pieces of Berghem which K. ^*^*^^^'' 
are extremely fine I went the next day to Lau- 
rent's, he is a sensible well behaved man : I expected to have seen a 
young man, but as well as I can judge by his looks he is near forty. I 
found bin} at work and saw on the table some very good proofs of 
Stephano della Bella. I suppose he has formed his taste of engraving 
in aquafortis from him> for he told me he looked upon him to be the 

greatest man in that way that ever lived He 

showed me all his aquafortis proofs which are extremely fine, and made 
me a present of some of them with a beautiful print after a picture of 
Salvator Rosa which he engraved for an Englishman who has got the 
plate." Prints and books bought for his friend Still[ingfleet] '*I 
have sent you Pardie's celestial maps: At one time I almost despaired 
of being able to execute your commission. I ran about from shop to 

shop for near two days without being able to find them 

they cost ten livres The other day I invited Laurent 

and Le Bas to breakfast with me and to show them Bnsiri's landscapes ; 
I was very agreably surprised to see Soubeyran whom they brought 
along with them. They looked over all Busiri's things and were vastly 
plea^ with them. We afterwards went out together to the Swedish 
Ambassador's who has some fine pictures and a great collection of fine 
drawings, we found him with the Count de Chelus. I showed them my 
Busiri's things that I had brought along with me ; they both liked them 
much. The Embassador asked me for his direction, and told me he 

would certainly employ him Soubeyran, Laurent, and 

Le Bas have been pressing me very much to engrave Busiri's things in 
aquafortis ; I believe when I am settled in England I shall undertake 
it, though I fear it is much beyond my force . . . ." 

An account of the state of tennis at Paris. ** The first time I went 
to the Court I saw such a match of four as is not often seen, the two 
best gentlemen players at Paris against a marker who is reckoned the 
best player in Europe and a girl about eighteen or nineteen years old. 
She has a fine way of playing, and I believe in a double match is 
stronger than I am." 

1741, Dec. 19. London. — ^R. Price lo Lord Haddington. The first 
part of the letter refers to music matters and " Fritz's " trios which the 
writer is trying to publish by subscription. ** I hope we may be able 
to get Fritz a little money by it, but they are such abominable Goths 
here that I can answer for nothing. They cannot bear anything but 
Handel, Courelli, and Geminiani, which they are eternally playing over 
and over again at all their concerts. I was at a concert at Lord 
Brooke's where Carbonelli played the first fiddle ; Tate brought with 
him some concertos of Loccatelli without solo parts, which are extremely 
easy, but because there were some passages out of the common road, 
they looked upon them as the most extravagant things in the world and 
not to be played at sight. Tate and I are of a concert of gentlemen 
performers where Festing plays the first fiddle, we tried to bring in 
Bome of Loccatelli's musick there, but when we mentioned it to Festing 
he looked as if he had been condemned to be hanged. The only 
performers of note that I have yet heard are Caporali, Carbouellij and 
Festing. . . . We have had a very good opera here, but a great 
many people have not liked it, the singers are Monticelli, a soprano, the 
finest singer I ever beard, Amorevoli the famous tenor, Visconti the first 
woman a very good singer, the Muscovinta an indifferent one, and two 


MM. Of or throe great scrubs. The first opera was nuule ap of aooga of diSerent 
Kto.'*^'' authors, among whicli were iome exceeding fine ones ; the aeeoiid 
— — opera is composed bj Signer Galluppi ; I have heard it bat OQOe and 

therefore will not pretend to decide about it, but it seems to be pretij 
good.*' Gives an account of his journey from Paris home mod his 
reception bjr his father. *' He looks upon me as a great connoiwaar in 
painting, and as such has introduced me to aU his aeqiuuataiioe 
among the painters, which is pretty numerous. 

As I have heard Dickv mention Wotton as a great T<andskiye painter 
I will let you know in wiuit light he appeared to me. I am TCiy wiall 
acquainted with him and have seen his pictures often. He hat the 
greatest price of any man in England ; is a canning feUow, and has 
made great interest among the nobility ; but he is the dirtiest painter I 
ever saw. He is not capable of making a great variety of tints and at 
the same time keeping a harmony in his colouring, for which reason he 
makes ont^ brown tint go through the whole piece, which causes an in- 
finite confusion and dulness He is at present doing 

the sieg(* of Tuurnay, which appears to me an undertaking mneh beyond 

his capacity Windham, I have given your letter to 

Doctor Hartley an.l he has been exceedingly civil to me ; I have bean 
with him to the Dyromites club, but things go very slowly thars and 
they lay the fault on Doctor Byrom who is in the country.* I have 
neverthi*less liegun shorthand with Doctor Hartley." The letter eon« 
eludes : ^* Captain Thomas sends his compliments to Windham and 
Stilliiigflcet, Toriano to I^ady Dossy and Johnny, Lord Sandwiteh to 
Dicky, and Tntc* and Dampier to you all." 

N.D. [circa 174 1 ] — A begging letter in French addressed ^* Aaz nobles 
seigneurs Milonis Anglois loges presentoment ches spectable DocCenr 
et savant Monsieur S4*nory, tr^s cclebrc profesaeur k Gkndve.'* The 
writer, who descril>es himself as, ** Samuel Uufflin bourgeois de la rille 
d'Azan au canton de Iterne, notaire," offers his services to ''vos 
grandeurs '* and, should this be unacceptable, begs'^un petit viatiqne 
pour s*en n*tourner dans son \yays, Kloigni* de pres de cinqoante 

1741-2, Marc-h 11. Stra8l>ourg. — Henjamin Tate and T. Dampier to 
their friends at (loueva, Richard Aldworth, William Windham, Lord 
Haddington, &c, A description of theii travels from Gensra to 

1739. ''* A short history, containing an aarount of the actions of 
Dicky, commonly <*jdled tlie Berkshire Hoy, from the first day of 
Seplemlier to the 2()th of Octoln^r in the year 1739." Mr. R. N. G. 
Aid worth, Imtc (railed Dicky, was one of William Windham's 
panions at (rent'vu. 


LettiT** (»f T)r. Dampier (if Kton from 17()1 to 1770, and two of 
Duvid (iarrick, 17(>2, to Mrs. Windliam (Sarah Cubin). Dampier and 
Garrirk W4*rt\ with lii'njamin Stillingtlfet, who did not act, 
to William Wimllmni the >tAt«'>nian. 

* Ttif Hex. Jiihii IWntiii. F.H.S.. who iiirent«*«l i ivfttfin of ■hnnbani He 
author of till* past<irul of " Tolin tad I'hrbc/* contributed to tb« ** 
9tlMr pocnit. lie dM in 17(9. 


1762, May 1.— David Giirrick to Mrs. Wkidham. MBS. oi 
Imposing a meeting with Dr. Dampier " upon the present state of ^'^jj^Sl"^ 

our affidrs." ..... — 

1764, Jan. 23. — ^David Garrick to Mrs. Windham. 

Appointing Jan. 25th to see her at his house in Bloomsburj Square. 

1766, March 7. Eton. — Dr. Dampier, under master of Eton, to . 
Mrs. Windham. 

^* There have been great disturbances amongst the boys here, and I 
am sorry that your son is accused of having a large concern in them* 
In order therefore to cover his retreat and to prevent a publick expul- 
sion, which would probably be the consequence of his longer stay, I 
shall send him home to you tomorrow morning. When I am in town, 
about a fortnight hence, we must meet and consider how to dispose of 
him. If I may advise I would not have you mention to any one the 
cause of his coming home so soon before the holidays." 

[1761], Nov. 6. Eton. — ^Dr. Dampier to Mrs. Windham, condoling 
with her upon the death of her husband. Dr. Dampier, as other papers 
in this collection show, was a great friend of William Windham's, 
travelling with him in Geneva and elsewhere. 

1761 to 1766. — ^Letters from Dr. Dampier to Mrs. Windham on 
business matters connected with her husband's estate (of which the 
Doctor WBS one of the trustees), and with her son William's progress 
at Eton. 

1763, Oct. 6. Eton. — Dr. Dampier to Mrs. Windham, as to the 
reports of fever at Eton, which have been grossly exaggerated. 

1770, Sept. 2. Eton. — Dr. Dampier to Mrs. Windham. Has seen 
her son at Oxford and hears the best reports of him. ^' He is indeed a 
very extraordinary young gentleman, and if, please God, he enjoys his 
health, he cannot fail of making a very considerable figure in the 

1765, Feb. 18. Upper Grosvenor Street. — The Bishop of Norwich 
fFhilip Yonge] to Mrs. Windham, as to the patronage of the livings of 
Uoneston and Berghapton. 

Diaries of thx Rt. Hon. William Windham. 

1772, Sep. 13. — The day above expressed the first time of writing in 
this book : What follows for this next page or two, had been before 
written in my pocket book. 

Sunday, Sep. 20th. — Set off for Ireland : arrived at Oxford about 10 
at night ; lay at the Gross. 

Monday, Sept. 2l8t. — Diued at Banbury, the first time of my seeing it 
since I passed through in the year '68 in my return from Wroxhall. 

The Friday following, viz. : the 25th, at 5 o'clock walked round the 
cliff, seven miles short of Conway, the place where I had been before with 


MK8. Of Mre. B.* and remembered bygonet. The name of it 1 believe b Fea- 

** ^rK"***' ™*^ Ross. 

^^^ •••••••• 

Some writings of Swift found about a year and a half ago Id 
Kensington Palace, in an apartment that had been Lady Manhain*!, 
they were brought by the woman who found them to Lonl Hardwkke. 
Dr. Jeffries who read them with Lord H. told Mr. Cleaver of them, and 
spoke of them as proving a disposition in Swift to come roand in hii 
politics. Lord North was informed of such writings being found; I 
believe was told by Lord H. : they were therefore carried to die 

Grcnville said he had oiten heard his mother speak of Swift and of the 
opinion entertained of him by the party, and has heard her say thai she 
rememlwrc<l her father talking of him as a man who had no influenoe 
but in his own opinion. 

A uutr in the late Mr. Greuvillo's edition of Swift, written in his own 
hand, mcntion^^ his having heard from Lord BoUngbroke, that the four 
last yearH of Cjueeu Anne was con8idere<l by the party as too violent for 

1772, Oct. 3rd. — Dinc<l at the Castle in company with Sir Richard 
Johnson, the jwrson who had l>een created a Baronet for his ripmMU 
defence against the Hearts of Steel. He was a short active man, uf 
seeming liveliness and good humour, but very much of an Irishman ih 
his manners and countenance and convei-siation. I ha\'e heard that at 
the time of his being !it college he was enga;;ed in a di:ireputable quarrel 
in which a man lo.r-t his life. 

Charles Townshcntl's account one day to a |>enion inquiring what was 
passing in the> ; that it was *'only one of King Charles* bned 
barking at Lord Chatham." The person speaking was the Duke of 

Lord TowiL^^hend reiatc*d the following circumstances of the death of 
Lord Scarltoruugh who shot liims<*lf in the time of Sir Rob«*rt Walpole: 
that 111- wan consideriMl a man of the nicest honour, and was* pe r aooally 
the i;rt;iti>t favmirite vf^ the King, thougli in his |Hilitical cunduci be 
was irirntTull} in op|M>sitioii. The King had taken him into bis doeeC, 
and disclost'il t(» him his intention of changing the ministry, telling him 
at the s;ime tinn- that he entrusted him with this from the high eouMence 
he had in \i\> honnur, ami that he had mentioned it to no other penoo 
li\iiig. Sir Koheit Walpole knew (»f liis having luid &ueh a conference 
Mjth the Kinu^ an<l was anxious to know the Mibjcct of it. Lord Scar- 
boruu;;!) \V2L« at that tim** p]i>'*ionateIy in love with the present Dncbeas 
of Manrhesttr, tu her then •lore Sir Kol>ert Wal]Hile went, and engaged 
her, by wliattver mi*ans to endnivour to obtain the secret. l\*ben she- 
had ?*U('et*<-di(l ill lirr attempt. Sir Kol»ert went to the King and re- 
protieheij him with hi'< dtsi|rns. The King wa.t so confident of * " 
S(TartN>niu«:)r!i tidt-litv that he denied it, till Sir KolN.Tt mentioned 
cinMini^tann** :i> pmvi-ii that he must In> in posseHsion of tbe 
Bv wliut nuaii^ Lonl Si-arlMtrnugh \v;ts infonned of what liad h 
wliethtT from the Kiii;:'s nwn mouth or by re|K)rt, I dou*t recollect, bai 
a^ soon a*i it wa-* krittwn, having tirst, as it was said, left his name at 
l>jiIn'-«» of M:nu-hi-'*tt-r'» thn^r, anil plaeiii;; him^lf lieforc a gl 

* liri't;.'! t. •liiU)rlit«T ■•f (%>niii«iiflt>rv Arthur Furreflt, who married in i7C7, 
Ildii. .Ifhii H^iii;. aftiTMaflo 6ih Vitcouut Turriagtou. Mr. Windham 
■i^trr (. i-cilia iu 17VH. 


books to support him behind, discharged a pistol in his mouth. In this g. wfl^no5. 
position he was found by the servants who came in. |^ 

• ••••••• 

Upon Lord Chesterfield's first coming to Ireland, Mr. Ponsonbj, 
Lord Shannon and the other leading people produced long lists to him 
of majorities that they could command in the House of Commons. Lord 
Chesterfield's answer to one of them, that is Lord Shannon, was, that 
he should have been extremely glad to accept his services, but that he 
had just bespoke a yard and a half of Parliament, of the Speaker. 

This is not exactly the state of the hon mot as I heard it, but is as 
likely to be agreeable to the fact, and for the purpose of telling answers 

Mr. and Mrs. Jephson told me that Lord Chesterfield used to keep 
\ great sharp nosed dog called Loyola, of which he and his wife were 
preposterously fond, that used to keep all their company in continual 
danger. He once flew at Mr« Stanhope, Lord Chesterfield's son^ as 
he was leaning against his mother's chair in the dining room and tore 
a great piece out of his breast. They were so selfish, so unfeeling, 
uid so brutal as never to confine or muzzle this dog, because they were • 

safe themselves ; and once upon Mrs. Jephson's asking Lady Chester- 
field how she might keep from offending Loyola, she told her, ' dat she 
believe her best chaunce vas not look to dat part de room.' 

• ••••••• 

An amusing story is told of Admiral Boscawen that '* comeing on 
morning into Mr. Wolfe's tent at Louisbourgh, he saw a pacquet of 
English papers. The first thing he looked to was the account of the 
stocks and the reflection it suggested was ' God damme, here we are 
footing away here, while in England we might all be making our 
fortunes.' " Major Baggs who related the circumstance told me he was 
present and heard it. 

Friday, Oct. 23rd. As I was fencing with Lord T. at eleven at night, 
after dining with Mr. Scot, a pacquet arrived which brought me a 
letter, from ■ [scratched out in original], the first I received since 

his going abroad. I went immediately to my lodgings and read it, 
together with two from Mrs. B . . g ; pczce amattBy his was read first. 

Thursday Nov. 5th, Received toe letter from •>♦ 's servant with 

'hb account of his being ill at Brussels. 

• ••• •••• 

Sheridan's experiences as manager of the Dublin Theatre. He 

ittempted ** to bring the stage to some respectable footing from a 
litnation of the greatest tumult and indecency. As an instance of the 
(tate it was in before, he told that when Garrick was acting Lear^ and 
'eclining his head on Mrs. Woffington's lap as Cordelia, one of the 
ludience on the stage came and thrust his hand into her bosom. He 
ifterwards searched Garrick through the house in the intent to chastise 
lim or pei'haps to kill him because he heard he had looked displeased 
It it. The stage used to be crowded so as scarcely to leave room for 
;he actors, and all kinds of disorder were the consequence. The first 
itep taken was to forbid all admission behind the scenes." This led 
:o great tlii»order ; ** a Mr. Kelly, a Connaught man chose to climb over 
Dy the orchestra. Sheridan charged the constable with him, but the 
nonstable, being afraid to detain a person of the appearance of a gentle- 
oaan, let him go." At the end of the performance Mr. Kelly broke into 
Sheridan's dressing room, '* and so abused him that Sheridan knocked 
him down." 

U 6Q(»50. o 


vm. Of Fnrthor riots took place and Sheridan wa9 obliged to go to kw. H( 

EiqT^^'' obtaine<i venlietH ugainst three persons. '* He mentioned that this wti 
— the lirst • iiiRtimce of a Grand Jury's finding a bill against a persoi 

considered a^ a gentleman." 

There are several ^anecdotes of Mrs. Woffington as told roe thl 
morning liy Sheridan, Nov. 15, 1772/* and the following afcorj whici 
*' lilr. Montgomery toid me this i*vening" about Ladj Marr Wortle^ 
Montagu, thnt at her death ** A note of his was found among her paper 
for a thousand guineas *' which had been given her by a gentleman o 
Ireland as the pn^mium for tionie honours to be received through he: 
interest .... The honours btiuulated for were nc^t obtcioei 


before her death, and the gentlemuti upon representation of the stor} 
to the family recovered the note which she liad deposited by agreemei. 
in a imrticular drawer shewn to him. It may reaiiouably be auppoaei 
that this was not the first instance of her accepting money ou tlMm 
conditions, and that much of Lord Bute's interest has been employed ii 
her st»rvice. Nov. 25th 1772. 

. • •••■•• 

Names of several people whom I U8e<l to see at the (*astle daring th* 
time of my being there, from Sept. 20th to Dec. 8th 1772 ; Mr. Gordon 
Miyor Baggs .... Col. Smith, Aide-de-Camp, Col. Pattersoii 
Aide-de-Camp, Lieut Loftus, Aide-de-Camp, Mr. Courtnay. Mr. Scott. 

[There is a breidc in the diury from Nov. 25tk to Dee. 6th.] 

1772, Sunday, Dec. 6th, one o'clock morning. — I am now retumn 
from taking leave of the Montgomerie$^ upon the certain expectation o 
•ailing to-morrow morning, if the wind is fair ; let me not forget m; 
having sat next Barbara at supper ^ my going with her to the dmw^ an! 
the feelings 1 then had. Blesshorl Farewell Dublin ! I part witJ 
nothing in it 1 n»;;ri't but that. 

(lot up on Monday morning at .xevcn exi>ecting to sail immediatelj 
but found that the wind was not fair, and tliat there was no prospec 
of going till that evening or the next day. Sat at home the grcatt 
liart ojf tlie morning, very much disapftointrd and perplezedi no 
knowing either how to go again to the MontgoMeritM^ or to leav 
DuUin without going. In the evening, however, 1 went, after dinii^ 
with I^rd Ilarcourt, and found Barbata much as she was the erenini 
iMffore. The t^ible at supper was placed with the htad towardi Ch 
cast part of tho cof>ni, and I sat l)(*twv<*n her and Mrs. Montmnerie i; 
good spirits at the t»eg inning of the night, but grave as tne tinw c 
(laiting drew near, and she the whole time attentive to me. Let ■ 
never forgi*t her stopping on thi* stairs. Col. H. and Bl. not present a 
night lief ore. 

On Tue^dHy niurning at 1 1 o'clock, sailed. On Wcdnesdar abont 1 
arriveil at Parkgatc ; on Saturday, t r., last night, came into LondOi 
Wi*nt immi'<li:it<'ly to call on Mian II. and enquire after Mr*. Bfjng 
but did noi Hnd her at homo. C^alknl again this morning, tIs^ Snndai 
and saw her. 

Monibiy« IK*.*. 21?*t. — Went to Ickleford for the first tine. Wi 
joininl by Miss II. hy agri'fment at Barnet. 

[177:<] \foHtiay, Jan. I/A.— WVnt to Hertford ball. Ptaaed ift 
gr^at«.•^t part of next day with Mrs. B. and Miss H. at the inn i 


Friday, — Retarned to town. Found a note left at my house from M8S. of 
Mrs. B-y* ; saw her the next night and on Sunday morning. ^* ^g^"®* 

• •• • •••• '~~^ 

Thursday. March 5ih. — Was followed by Mrs. Bar. from St. James's 
Church, and overtaken as I entered the Mall from Spring Gardens. 
Walked round to the Birdcage Walk and continued there till half-past 

Cholm[ondely] returned to London. I had dined that 

evening at Mr. Hickey's with Mrs. Cholm. and returned home at 10, 
when I was informed that Cli. was arrived. He came home about 

April bthy Monday, — Went to Ickleford. Miss H. set off the day 
before for Heriingfordbury with her father who was to go on to Ickleford. 

\2th. — Returned to town with Cholmondely who had come the 
Friday before. 

\Ath. — This evening about two hours ago Mi*s. B[yng], Cecy,f and 
Miss H. stopt in the coach nt my door, being just come to town. 
Miss H. had met them at Barnet. Mrs. B. comes this night to my 

12, Monday. — A night of consternation and apprehension, thought that 
H. heard of my being in the house, and would put an end to our 
meeting ; terror at seeing Miss H. so much affected. Staid there till 
near 4 o'clock. 

[There is a break in the diary here until the 29th June. In this 
interval Windham had agreed to accompany his friend Constant! nePhipps 
(afterwards Lord Muigravc) on his voyage in search of the N.E. pas^^e. 
He gave up the project on account, as is generally supposed, of au 
aggravi^ted attack of sea-sickness. The journal begins a^ain in a new 
book on or about the 29th June when Windham, after leaving Capt. 
Phipps, landed at Bergen. There is no date to the first two entries, 
but the language suggests that the first was written immediately before 
he started, and the next very shortly afler his giving up his voyage.] 

<* Secret and separate. This is my confidential book ; in this will be 
contained all those thoughts, memorandums, notes, reflexions, &c., which 
no eye must see but my own. To thee, my ever-adorable friend do 
r dedicate it, with whose name it will chiefly be filled. May God 
grant that we may meet agaiil, and enjoy together the recollection o( 
the times wlien these were written ! 

** How have I fulfilled my resolution ? The time since tlie writing of 
the above, indeed since my getting on board at Sheemess, has been a 
chasm in the history of one's mind ; instead of exerting myself to 
preserve a lively recollection of things past or absent ; instead of thought 
and vigilance and exertion, which I fancied would be excited by the 
newness of the situation, my mind has been occupied only with melan- 
choly reflexions on thebut^iness I had undeitaken, and a comparison of 
my present state with the enjoyments of Ickleford parlour. Not one 
purpose which proposed in the voyage has been answered : on the con- 
trary my powers of reflexion have been weakened, and my thoughts been 
less active and my perceptions less lively than they would have been at 
Telbrig or Oxford. I could form no strong conception of the condition 
in which I stood, nor feel myself excited by the recollection of ray own 

• Qoery Mrt. Barry. See next entry. 

t Cecilia Forrest, sister to Mrs. Byng, whom Windham afterwards (17y8j married. 

O 2 


E.w1kitto^ sensations at other times. Let me learn from this, what I might hare 
'b«q. ' known in<lee<l by former experience, and from the nature of the thing 
*" it^lf, that the .stute of a person's mind is not materially altered hj change 

of place ; cctlum nan animam tnuta»i qui trant mare eurrumt. 

The interval from my coming to Sheemess to my quitting the Ham- 
burgh vessel I will set asldt* by itf<clf, and cither leave it whollv to 
memory, or take some notes of it at some future time : mj Jiary 
commencing from that time and now instant, I will endeavour to keep 
with some regulnrity. 

After getting ch»ar of the ship, we sot off very pleasantly for Heigen, 
the schipi)er and I bein;; in the pilot's boat, and his t>oat with his own 
people attending us. The sight of land, and the prospect of being 
shortly in a town, and among people who couhl speak English made me 
feel at first very comfortably : but it soon l)egan to occur to mn that I 
had conducted affairs with my u«ual mismanagement. By bringing thu 
man to the town with me, I was publishing the bargain I had made with 
him, and all for no purpoi>c but to procure money for a fellow, without 
any occasion, who liotl already fleeced me most unmercifully. At any 
rate I was discovering that which I wishe<i to have concealed ; and a 
thought now came into my head which had never occurred before, that 
the particuhirity of such a bargain might suggest an idea, which idea 
might travel a great way, of the agreement having been made in some 
fright taken at an appearance of danger. The landlord was likely to 
mention the circumstance of an English gentlenmn, of such a name, 
havin<; come in such a manner, in his letters to Scotland: there might 
bo several Sc<»tch and Irish masters of ships in the place; as im- 
probable stories had arisen from as little 1)eginnings and been drealatc^l 
by less direct means. These reflexions made me very uneasy, and threw 
me into a fit of rage and despair at my own folly, in which state I with 
some difficulty got to sleep. 

At almut 4 o'clock, then, on Tuesday morning being the 29th of Jme 
and the day l)efore yestitrday, I lamieci at Dergen. The appearance of 
the (>lace at coming in was very fine and romantick, but the mor* 
tifi(*ation I felt alM)ut this affair had depressed my spirits and I was 
foolish enou;;h to In* (piite melancholy at the idea of being alone in a 
strangi' cf»untry or, what was Jess remarkable, at the prospect of a 
iourney of (KX) miles through such a tract of mountains. The hoepHality 
however, and civility of my landlord have made my stay here Tery 

The Consul here is Alexander Wallace, Es(|re., whoee sons, in hb 
absence, I went on Tuesday to wait upon, and found aa completely 
Sc*otcli as if they lm<i lived in Edinburgh all their lives. The yoangert 
asked me in ti»ken of his sentiments, wlietlK*r Mr. Wilkes waa hnnged 
yet; but it is to l)e ohsiTviHl that he is a little disoniercd in hia bead* 
which prevented my giving such a reply as I should otherwise. 
• ••• •*.• 

Tlic town of Bergen contains no very striking edifices, nor haa it any 
very n*gular or biiocious »tr«*ets, but tht* whole appearance of it ia dcaa 
and lively, th<* houM*s being built of woo<l and painted, and the roots 
co^*cn*«l in general with r«>(l tilrs. At the water's e<lge on one aide aiv 
wan*li(»u**es raiiMni on piliM and pn>jecting over for the ooOTenienee ef 
receiving ami shipping tinilnrr, and on the opposite side ia a broad wooden 
quay which is set apart «'ntin'ly to the tish traders •••••. 
Till within thesi* frw yenp*, there wi*re 1 believe no stone buildings hat 
they have now got a Dntch church, and a sort of eaatle 


houses built by a Scotch mason, who came over with his people, after ^ w^^^ 
the last fire ; and what is very remarkable, the stone was obliged to be biq. 

fetched from Scotland likewise — 

July 3rd, — I have just had a visit from the Consul who came very 
civill to wait upon me immediately on his return to town. He seems a 
brisk intelligent man, and to be of much pleasanter foanners than his 
sous. I dined yesterday at his house, before his return. The dinner 
and what belonged to it, was certainly ordinary . ... it consiBted 
of three dishes .... sent up one by one according to the Bergen 
fashion to which the company were helped in order after the master of 
the family or his wife had taken off a sufficient number of portions 

• No liquor was given at dinner, that I saw, besides wine, 

to which we were helped from time to time by Mr. Wallace or his brother, 
and at each glass some toast was given, such as, Friends in Norfolk, in 
Scotland, &c 

1 l^A, Sunday. — This morning at a little before seven, after rising at 
three in order to finish my letters to Ch[olmondely] aud Mrs. B[yng], 
I set off from Bergen .... Tis now near 7 in the evening, and 
we have passed the 5th Gastschever's house or the 5th Norse mile. The 
weather has been very pleasant, and I am much refreshed by my dinner 
and some sleep I got between 12 and 4, yet I am far from being in 
spirits, and the refiexions that for three months I shall have known 
nothing of those I love, and that no age is insured from the common 
fatality of nature, makes me very unhappy. 

12M. — After continuiag upon the water all last night, and today, and 
thus much of this night I am just arrived, tivo o'clock in the morning, 
at Ardalsare . • • 

The town very small, consisting of about 50 buildings, most of whidi 

I understood were used only as warehouses Tuesday 

about three o'clock, after much chattering between Gron and the people, 
we left Landal : 1 had been detained some time by my letter to my 

dearest friend at the end of the two mile we were 

forced to ascend part of a steep mountain to meet the nver on the 
other side. The passage during this ascent and our descending the 
river again was the wUdest I had ever seen. I was admiring a fine 
fall of water that descended on the opposite side, when my guide chose 
to entertain me, by way of anecdote of the place, with the story of a 
man who had been robbed and murdered there • • . . I think 
this scene was adequate to all my hopes of a mountainous country. 
After getting through a road infinitely abrupt and rugged, we crossed 
the river again on a bridge about 40 feet in length and twenty in 
height, thrown over without any support in the middle, so that, as my 
guide told me, it was customary to let only one horse pass at a time. 

At last we met with a house where the woman regaled 

us very comfortably with eggs and loaf-bread and some cheese that was 
very eatable. I gave her 4 or 5 stivers and she expressed her thank- 
fulness in the same manner as the girl at Landal by taking me by the 

• •••••.. 

Arrived at Elsinore on Saturday the 3l8t of July between 11 and 12 
at night. • . . My first care on coming thither was to enquire about 
the post, and put in a letter for my dearest friend. The next day dined 
with Mr. Godwin and made the necessary enquiries about a ship, and 
in the evening went over to Copenhagen. 


E,w^mof Gottonlierg. Almost all the women that I saw in tho sti-eets of 

BiQ. ' Gottenlwrjr of the appearance of p^vntleworaon were covered with black 

veils*. The woim»n in 8w<Mlen were much more comely than these in 

Norway, owin;; chiefly I believe to their taking some pains to protect 

their focx'S from tlie weather. 

For the first ^»art of my journey from Bergen, the women I think 
went entirely v^ithout covering on their headtt, and were the moat dia- 
gustful objectB I ever saw, which undoubtedly was owing very nnck 
to that cause, though I don't think entirely. A great change was to 
be observed in their countenances as we came nearer to Christiania, 
where the us«t of a Urge covering of linen began. 

Fri(Mh*iickshald was the first place where I observed any oak. . ., 

[Nothing more seems to have been written by Mr. Windham at this 
time. There is a gap of a few leaves, and then the. following charac* 
teristic entry : — 

"Felbrijr, May 3rd, 1774. — Up'jn my parting with Gasen at Chriati* 
ania, I took an account from him of the names and distances of the 
places at which we had stopt. This I wrote down in pencil upon a 
little Hcnip of paficr, torn I lielieve out of a book ; intending either that 
day or the next to transcriln: it into my book ; but from that time tu 
this have I nnfferwl it to remain un<ione, though the paper for the 
greatest part of the time lay either in the Euclid, or this case, becoming 
every day less legible. It is now either lost or mislaid, so that I mint 
copy this from one taken by Cuwston.'* The instance most parallel 
which I rec(»!lect to this, is of th<* equation written on my first begin- 
ning algebra on the slate at Oxford, an<l suffere<l to remain so long 
before it was tmnscribnd into Hie end of the 'Euclid.'" At the bottom 
of the next page is, ** the pai>cr mentioned above to be missing lias just 
dropped out of the Euclid where I had failed to find it, though I had 
searched for it there at the time, ns I thought, narrowly." 

No more of the journal is in this book. 

At the end are some |MMieil memoranda, ono of whidi is interesting 
as throwing; some light u]>un Mr. Windham's motives for abandoning 
his voyage with Captain Phipps. ^* To my present thoughts are to 
mention to B[yng] the true cnuse of a disgust taken «&c., but to desire 
him at the same time not to rei>eat that, but to say only that he Mier$d 
it was dislike of a life at sea, and not finding myself well enoagh to 
answer the purposes I had proposed. Quaere, ditgutt taken, or dii* 
agreement Imppened, or Ixith ? *' 

Then follows a list of names: '' Lord Townehend, Courtnay, Frsscr, 
Erskine, Lees, Jephson, Col. Pater^on, Mr. Scott. People in Norfolk. 
Lord H[emers?], Sir Harh[ord Ilarhurd], Lord \V[al8ingham]y Mr. 
Bacon, Mr. Marsham, Mr. Frllowes, Mr. Durant, Sir E. Astlej, Mr. 
De Grey, &c., and minor griitry such us T. Elwyn, Johnson, Adey; 
Lord Koseberry. 

Capt. Suckling, Mr. Walsinglmm. C«d. Lee, Col. llareourt. Sir W. 
Drake, I/onl Harcourt, Capt. SchomU»rg. Major liagge, Lonl Shel* 
bourne, Lord R4K*hford, Msjor Fh*niing. Oxford |ieople. Chambera« 
Scott, Palmrr, Wilmot, Lord Wiiiehcls^*^, Ellis, *I oh nes, -Do dwell. Hill, 
Wilson, Thornton, Norton. 

Johnson, Hurke, Poore, Hn»wn«*, Alley nt*, Pepys, Lord Palmerstone. 

Travel, Vandeput. 

* Mr. Wiudh«iii*» ii*rrant. . 


The tliirJ volume of the diarj begins in Nov. 1773. M8S.ov 

•* On thp 13tl\ of Jf ovpmber my term in mj house in Burlington ^ ^jS^"^^ 
Street ended, and 1 left town on the Saturday following being the 20th ; — 

I left Ickleford on mj way hither (Felbrigge) having been accompanied 
by Mrs. B[3mg] and Julia, as far as Biggleswade, where we dined 
about six o'clock. Proceeded that night to Huntingdon, where I was 
to place George [Byng ?] at his school. 

Sunday stopt at Cambridge yrb^re I saw Mr. Townshond, and halted 
at night at Barton hills. Before I went to bed Lord and Lady Towns- 
kend came in on their way to town with whom I sat till about one, and 
breakfasted in the morning. The circumstance is rather to be remem- 
bered from the effect it had in raising me from a state of some dejection, 
and from its coming so oddly in proof of some questions I was just 

before debating In the morning, after writing a 

private letter to B[ridget?], I set pff for Felbrig, and got thither between 

four and five o'clock From this time (Nov. 23) to 

my going to Rainham 1 continued at Felbrig, not prosecuting my studies 
9o vigorously, nor observing my resolutions so firmly as I ought, but 
upon the whole better than formerly, and so as to give hopes of amend- 
ment for the future. What the degree of my diligence and the state of 
my day was then, will be best known for the purpose of future com- 
parison by transcribing an account of four or five days from papers 
¥ritten at the time. . * Wednesday, Dec. 8th, 1773. — Rose this morning 
about 9 ; had been awake about half an hour jye^pre. Sat down to the 
lociplani immediately after washing myself, without shaving or comb- 
ing my hair, and continued so employed till past ten. Went to break- 
fast and during part of the time proceeded in getting by heart the 15th 
Sat of Juvenal. 

By the time I returned to my own room I imagine it full half past 

eleven. From that time till within a quarter of two, continued at the 

*ame employment, but not in a way quite satisfied me. At a 

9<uuter before two ceased reading, and soon after went out firing with 

^^^ pistols and riding till just four. Between four and the time of 

*"Qner being ready — about 20 minutes aftc^ — resumed the problem in 

"^ feci. After dinner tempted to read Anson's Voyage. Continued in 

^^ parlour till past six ; hardly sat down till s«ven ; doubtful how to 

^^ploy myself. At last took up a problem in the arithmetic, read the 

operation and part of it worked. With the interruption of tea, and 

^^cessity of going downstairs, little was done till 8 when I sat down to 

^*^te to my dearest B., my resolution in the meantime pretty much 

*^ot, and my mind left vacant. 

Prom 8 o'clock then till considerably pabt 11, have I sat with the 
P^per before me, and in a constant state of atf^mpt without having 
Patten more than part of one side, amounting I suppose to twelve 
*<xe8, and that not such as I could send. The whole performance there- 
^i*e of this day has been the finishing one problem in Simpson, and a 
•'^tless attempt of four hours to write some part of a usual letter to my 
^^t intimate friend — middling. 

[Several entries follow in the same dissatisfied strain.] 

, • Dec 18th. — I went to Rainham. I stopt for some 

^tne at Holt to send a letter to Mrs. B. and got some dinner at Faken- 
^*ia, so that it was past six and dark when I got to Lord Townshend's, 
^oere 1 found Mr. Birch and Masterton and Pringle I think, and Beevor 
^^d a timber merchant who had come for the purchase of the large oaks, 
^y principal business was the knowing from Lord T. what method he 
^ould agree upon for making known his intentions to Sir Armine 


K w^inoy Wodehouse. \Miile I was there Sir John Turner came and Ifi^r 

'Ktw. ' (^onej, and staid the greater part of the time On the 

Wednesday or lliursdaj wo wont in a large paiiy to a lodge about mx 
or Heven milen off to course, tlie keepers having l>een sent earlT in the 
morning to beat the hares out of the cover, and carry thither the dogi. 
During my stay I was not very pleasant, though from no caase but 
that, which if 1 don*t take care will return to destroy every e^Joy* 

ment and perish every faculty- again 1 set off on 

the Saturday morning buing Christmas day, and got to Felbrig aboat five. 
The next (kiy set off on horseback to Norwich in order to meet Byng 
and Mrs. H. and Julia, who were to be at Attleburgh that night* Lay 
at the Swan : in the morning rode out on ihe London road at such time 
a.H I sup|K)f*t><I it likely they would be coming near, and at about 3 miles 
from the gates saw the coach coming as I was preparing under a hedge 

the note to \n* given to Mrs. ]) We got into Felbrig 

lietween eight and nine o'clock, Dec. 27th, being the first time of B-'a 
and Mrs. ]i.*s and Julia's having ever l)een down here. The period 
which here succcimIs l>eing su<*h as consists of scenes ami paiaages of 
happineps not cafmble of l)eing exhibitiHl in a journal, is better oommitted 
entirely to my memory and heart, where it is in no danger of being loM^ 
than im|>erfeotly nnrkoned out here, by an enumeration of trifling 
occurrences. I skip then^fore at once to the time when we were obliged 
to leave this and proceed all towards London. Feb. 5th [1774] we aii 

off in my coach and the 8th arrived at IcklefonL [On 

leaving Ickleford, Mr. Windham went to town.] 

Sunday [Feb. 27, 1774] was marked by . • • . my calling on 
Mrs. ChoIm[ondeley] who was at Mr. (lillio^s house in Grosvenor Sirect^ 
and meeting there with Cholmoudeley. We then took that wnlk 
through Lincohrs Inn and Ilollioni and a bine I think loading inti» 
Fleet Street, in which th<> |>oint was ^etthnl so very material both to 
him and me. It wiis come days after this, I have a notion on the 
Friday following, that I got into tho lodging in Suilblk Street the aaae 
AS Major Graham ha^l had. No. 7. Nly time was now spent pretty 
nnifurmly, and not unpleasant ly. Cholmondely generally breakfaated 
with me; I dim-d lAh'u at home, wrot«> on most nights tolcklefbnl; 
went more often than formerly to the play ; ami to Miss H,*^ about S 
times in a foitnight. 

[Nothing of any interest occurs until] (177-1) July lst» Fridny. 
*' W^'Ut at nine to Foote*< to meet (*hoImopdeley at theauthour*N« wiMrel 
saw Lonl Walpole Slc and Suckling, and in the next box General Freacr 
anil an oflieer, nn Irishman 1 hrlieve, in the Portugut*se sit vice. Next 
day «'alled at Mi^s l\\ in the mt»rning, having met her walking in 
Charles S»rii't, and settled what J-lie ha> n<iw desireil." 

The jiiurnal iciH's on to ndale a ridin;: tour taken by Mr. WindhuD 
with Cholnicndfh'V and Itwig through Stamford, (iranthair, Nottittg* 
luim ami so thiou^^li l>iTbysliin*. Nothing of partieular interest accna. 
to hn\e iicrurrcd. (hi the ifad IVom Ihrby to Matlock *' wt> met Mr. 
ThraleV (-oneh in %vlii(Ii \^a^ tlohnson who a^slMlted to the remark ot' 
the extreuH- beauty of the < uuntry, and ohs-rved that it was an object 
of rea^onulih* curi«'>ity th*' *>ituation of the hou^e here and the whole 
so-n*' just likr ](iiMf>l. 

Kith. Saturday. — . , . At »li»ut four oVloi'k we arriviMlat Buxton. 

. . Wf supptil in till- lofUi*. Til*' pfrMin** of any note here or 
wh«>ni we knew wt-ti 1)ukt < 1 Newea^-tlr, J«nrd Lineoln, Sir Richard 
I'hilipx. Holit. Cciiway, 'I'oniniy Tutti iid;;4-, Mis.- Free and her siaCcr 


and General Mostjn. In about an hour after supper thej began HSS. ov 
dancing as at Matlock^ at which I staid till 11. . . • Buxton is a *B8(J^'* 

small place consisting only I should imagine of fifty or sixty houses — 

which lie at the foot of some hills and make but an inconsiderable 
appearance. They are all of stone, as in the Peak I think in general. 
The town is comprehended in the Hundred of the Peak though not 
situated among the mountains. . • . Cholmond. and I walked up 
the road on the other side of the bridge talking on graver subjects and 
among the rest of Goldsmith's writings and the study of Astronomy. 
We went up between 11 and 12, when Cholm. staid in my room and I 
read to him the poem of the Metamorphosis atomisttB in museam out of 
the Mus€s AnglicancB, 

19, Tuesday. — ^In the morning came down late. Set off [from 
Loughborough] on our way to Leicester. Eead before I came down 
some part of the first chapter of the Acts of the Apostles with con- 
siderable attention and renewed the intention formed over night [a 
resolution for better management for the future]. What I saw at 
Leicester was the ruins of the abbey, the tesselated pavement, the 
library, and the stocking frames. 

2l8t, Thursday. — Set ofi* about ten o'clock [to Bedford] . • • 

Lefl Bedford about four At a little before seven 

arrived at Ickleford after an absence of a fortnight all but a night 
having gone out on Friday about ten in the morning and returned at 
the above-mentioned hour on Thursday evening but one following. 
In our way from Bedford I cannot say that I did all I could any more 
than for any other portion of time since our being out ; but was not 
altogether deficient. Since my being arrived I have thought, not 
altogether without profit, but the principal part of my time bus been 
employed in completing this. 

23rd, Saturday. — Set off* from Ickleford. [Describes how after a 
not very pleasant ride he reached town]. I went to my lodgings at 
No. 7. In the evening I wrote a letter to Sir Ed^ Bacon and one to 
Mrs. Byng. The next morning sat at home till about one when B. 
called ; went with him into the Park and met Pennington, the 
lieutenant, and Lowther. Walked afterwards with B. to the Horse 
Guards whence I took coach and drove to Newington to call upon 
Horseley but he was out of town. Returned to my lodging before four 
and sent for some dinner from the Hotel. About 5 o'clock called at 
Mrs. B.'s to enquire after Miss Swan who I was informed was ill. 
Came home afterwards and gave directions for removing my things to 
Mrs. Moncrief's. Walked in the Park and met Montagu. Went at my 
return to Mrs. Moncrief's, there I stayed till bed-time reading I think 
a little of Lord Bacon on the advancement of learning. The next day 
at four o'clock went to the Tiltyard Coffeehouse to meet B. At seven 
o'clock we went together to Foote's to his new piece of the Cozeners 
where in the opposite box was Miss H. and Joe, to whom we went. 
Mrs. Abingdon sat next and I observed never looked round. I went 
out with them at the end of the piece and walking with her to the door 
in St. Albans Str. returned to my own lodgings. There I sat writing 
uninterruptedly a letter to Cholm., till it was too late to send it, for part 
of the time I think I was reading some propositions in the first part of 
Horsley's book [Z)e Inclinationibus], Great interruptions from people in 
the street. [The Diary then goes on to relate a visit which he paid to 
Binfieid next day, going down in company of Byug who returned to 
town next day.] " In the evening I had a long conversation with 


MRS. OP Mr. B. walking up nnd down before the dairy and sometimes sittiDg on 
^'^v*"^^^' ^'^** Pencil. Jiilja und Geoy being either in tbo walk or the dairjhouse 
— at the same time.*' [Next day Hyng returning to Hinfield, thejr all pay 

a vieit to C'av(rshum and stay at Mr. LovcilayV for the night. 
Windham <le8eril>efl the country as beautiful and relates hi« oocupfttions 
while there, one being exercise on the water where he was oiigaged in 
rowing. Speaks of his thinking while there ''but not much or not 
well.**] Next morning set off for IUnfi<*hi again pasning through 
Sunning where I had a sighi of Mr:». Knyvitc. In the momiag had 
been some time with Mr. l.ovcday in hifl vtudy wheni I had been also 
the day iN'fore. From him at this time [took the following purticalan, 
then tet down u(x)n a piece of pajier, that in the Ilarlej library io the 
Museum was a manuscript Pindar done by Thomaseo the famous 
writer of tlie Greek chanu!ter, thi> No. 6315. Thomasen was a school- 
mahter ; lived at or nfar Chebter and <lied in 1740 aged 54 ... . 

that on the guinea coined in George the I st*s time 

ann. 1714. one of which he showe<i me, there were the letters PB.£L. 
signifying princrpg riectnr, which some of the German princea took 
oiTen(*e lit un(lf*rstnndint! it as if it had Ix^en pnmarius elector. The 
^uineat* were then*fere never coined, bnt the reat«on vulgarly mipposed 
tor the new coinage wns that mtine Jacobite had been conoerned in 
setting ttie die for the form«T guinea and had put tlie figure of horns 
on the top of the King'ri head nieaoing to reflect on him on the common 
notion of hilt beinc; a cuckoM ; the two uppermost leaves of the hmrel 
wreath having so.iict hi ng of that appearance. • 

.3rd Aug*J:>t, Wednesday. — Left Mr. Lovcday*ii about ten o*Alock • • 
from ttiisf time continued at Binfield till 

13th, Saturday. — Went up to town, Mr. H. hanng gono on the 
Thursiluy ^«'^oI'e. Mr<. W. und Julin went with me as far as the Red 
Lyon at Kgham, very pheasant, talking all the way ; the subject .Vim K. 
Mr. R. in paiticularly good .spirits. In the same disposition we parted, 
I congratulating myself and thinking inyticlf very lucky for having had 
the n*s<»lutloii to siippiv^<i some ill humour by which the whole might 
have ot'cn reversed arising tm the rrcoHrvtitm of a remark made oa ikai 
ax tre ninir dnwn [from Kghain to llfuinslow thence to town J and 

afierw.-inis Wfiit tu my lodgings at (Srei'eV 

Next day rosi* ubout nine sat till about 12 or 1, einploye«l as before. 
On con^iiieration during the prec<'ding day and Satunlay evening some 
tiuK* muM have been ^{H•nt in rontinning my journal a.H well also eome 
in H'ading |Hirt of a kci inun of Iiarrow**> on the exiftonce of Gofl proved 
fn»ni thi- t'r.iim* of the wmM. If I rr(*ollert I went to Im*«1 on Satardav 
night thinking on the mitur«' of that argument and roM* with that in my 
h<'ad in the morning. At alKiut 12 or 1, <»n Monday went out going 
fir.-t to til" warrhoiiM' in St. Alban"^ St.. then to Pavnf's the bookseller's 
to inipiin* for (ie*>n<'rV Dictitmury and theno* t(» Mrs. RussePs. Of 
mo*it of iht'Hi* pliiofo I had made inemoranduins by knots tied in mj 
handken'hii-f and for t^tuxw.' part of tin* way thought of the heneAu 
lik«*ly to accrue and wliicli 1 had alrvudy ex|)erienced from that 

]')th, Tue:^ilay. — [ DfM'iiliing a rem -wt-d vi!*it to Hiiifndd o& that daj 
whtTe lit' renuiini'd till tli«- IViilay fulloii ing he >ays] ** This <laj 
wrnt roinul by Oakingham to Sunning. 1 bhould have mentioned that 
till* dav 1 iffre Wf all tlimd at Mi^>^ Kiches to which I went and from 


whirh came b.ick in .Mi<*s Nt-vilU'ii co;i«'K. On Siturday evening drank 
t(*a at N(-\iIle*«* with single ^|N'i>rli Hamilton. Talkinl a great deal of 


Bernard ; of tbe character of the Eton maslers and fellows ; of Cook's MSB. op 

voyages. On Sunday went all viz., Mr. Fon[est] Mrs. Can., Julia, ^* ^'J^q™^' 
Cecy, August^ B., Mrs. B., and I to Sunning hill from which we returned — 

nbont seven 

23rd, Tuesday. — Over night aftev taking leave of Mrs. Forrest instead 
of going into my onrn room sat up with Tom talking of gales of wind 
&c. till one ; then talked a little through the door with Cecy and after- 
wards wrote some of this ^o that I did not get to bed till just two. In 
the morning set out about a quarter before 11, Julia and I and Cecy 
going in the post chaise, and B. and Mrs. B. in the other. Arrived at 
Windsor before one having come rather in an ill humour all the way 
from within a mile and half of Binfield viz. : from Rowles's, owing tc 

the circumstance remarked here 

From that time till Thursday at 6 o'clock staid at Windsor with 
Walsmgham. Of my stay there I cannot say much ; it was but little 
of the day that I was alone. The objects of the place seemed to 
suggest sufficient matter of reflexion but I did not exert myself so as 
to make a proper use of them. On the Wednesday morning I went 
with Walsingham to Gloucester Lodge and was in company with the 
Duke and Duchess of Gloucester for the first time, being introduoed 
and kissing their hands. I was tolerably attentive to myself while I 
was there and endeavoured to feel myself in the presence of a king's 
brother, but was not quite so much so as I might have been^ uor could 
excite in myself much of the feel of being with a great man. At tea 
Ferguson the Lecturer was with us who was then at Windsor reading. 
Mrs. Walsingham had got his pocket [book] to transcribe parts of it. 
I looked at it and thought it contained a great deal of trifling matter, 
for instance one side inscribed, questions relative to the National Debt 
which were no more than calculations of the weight of the National 
Debt in particular coins, of the number of men it would require to carrv 
it Ac. 

Tbe next day at dinner also Ferguson was there, when I learnt from 
kim a contrivance used in some silk mills at Bishop Stopford in Essex 
in order to produce a reciprocating motion in a horizontal beam, of the 
same sort and for the same purpose as that at the mills at Derby, which 
was effected by other means. The contrivance, as he desciibed it at 
dinner, I did not understand but have made it out since I think to be a 
groove consisting of two half spirals meeting each other cut in a 
horizontal cylinder which is made to revolve round its axis, into which 
groove an arm, I suppose, is fitted intended to receive the reciprocating 
motion, the beam being in the same horizontal line with the cylinder 

25th, Thursday — Set ofl" between 5 and 6 o'clock 

for London. [No entry till] 

September 1st. — The preceding week was passed much at my own 
lodgings which were at Grece's, during which time I used to read 
Horseley's book and the Greek testament. [Nothing of much interest 

4th, Sunday.— Came to the lodgings in Chidley Court 

From the above time viz. : the time of my coming to 

those lodgings to the present time which will be immediately set down, 
a period in which all good habits and resolutions seem to have been 
forgot, all bad ones seem to have sprung up, my thoughts and opinions 
on the most essential subjects to have been shaken, and the powers lost 
by which they should be settled. 


R. w.'kbtto!!. 27th, TueiMlay. — I am now come (o my new lodging No. 9, Suffolk 
KtfQ. ' street [f^ivei the reasons of his comiuf? there, and a rather long deiiGriptioii 
of a vittit to Mr9. Hyn^ ami many words written iu Greek characten.] 

t2Sth, Wtilncsdiiy. — Lay nwake lant. nijrht for 8ome time thinking of 
tli«) diffcrrnct' iimdo by tliis chan|;;(> of habitation and of the necefidty of 
not losing thi* advantage of it. [ReflfH^tionH on the time ja8t pasMl 
with Mrs. Bytig; ho visiits her again — description of his behaTioiir 

29th. — Sat at home till one when Cecy and Mins H. called on me to 
go a riding. Rode out going by Paddington on the Hampfttead Road 
as far as the turning to Lord MunsfloId*8 [Details of another visit to 
Mrs. Byng in Cecil St. and in what a disturbed state he returnetl.] 

[Flncii succt'cding tlay he appears to have paid visits to Cecil St.; 
for three days he .siys he can look back with tolerable satisfaction.] 

[Oct.] :i.— Went to Cei'il St. u little after 8. Just saw Mn. Byvg 
and set out with Cccy and Mi.Hs H. for the n'vicw that lasted till 2— 
four hours. [ Returns to his lodgingd and tlu^n again visits in Ceeil St. 
— his observations thereon.] 

[Nothing of interest n*lated except a ridu to Binfidd which wai 
api)ar('ntly taken for di^traction. Then no entry of any remark thiungb 
that niontli and |)art of November, which was inis.sciI in various iburi 
journey.s to llouudlow, Kgliam, llattield, and other places till] 

[Noveml>er] 27th. — Went down to Ickleford in order to make 
fit ay. Quitted my lo<lgings in Sufiblk St. the «lay before vis. : 
— Dined at the monthly nxH'tiiig of the club of Univeniitj ColIefEV- 
Wiiilc I was at my hnlgings about nine n'ceiveil the messsce/fDM Jiitt 
H. to comt to hvr in a hackney coach. The recollection of the feelwilb 
which thi<i lefl me all that night and the next day, the intemiptMNi it 
gave to all my thoughts ami the enjoyments it depriveil me of, the effect 
which it had for a w*'«'k or ten dnvs aiterwards make this instiBtt 
HufHeiently iliMingui>lied to b** placed u|Min nronl as a boundary of nch 
folly. The mt>rning of my coming was very cold and frosty and of i 
most wintry M|)|)eiiriuicc whicli, nddeil to the un<>asy feel conseqncBt 
on wlial hud liappeneil the preceding night, maile my journey ralh^ 
gl(M»niy. To olivinte this, wliich 1 knuw must be the cast*, I took with 
me a volume of tlie ('nlltrtitt J'mtamm and reiui l»etween LonJoo vA 
Wolwyn the I'httrmin of 'I'eri'nc<*. This gave occa::ion to me to ivilect ho* 
strange my life must have U^en at Oxford when such an act aii this irotM 
havi» re«>koii*'iI largely in the work of a winti.T. P'n»ra Welwyn I P^ 
the ]N»ny >ent down siniv to my biitthiT (icorge, and arrived juslbaforr 
flinntT. [Tlmuvdits fu approaehing Iekl«*ford and resolutions to nal^ 
it a place of ^tUilious rfsiiii'nr«>, but the «liary dtN*s not contain mucbi* 
niivthin:: (-i»nncetid with ^tudv, tin* main portion of the life then^bcin^ 
apparently di-witcd U* riding, and o<'ia.'»i<>nal nn-ets of bounds. Tbriv ^ 
a n-f>-rrnr<' oiu* nu>rnipg t<i u ui* nuriiblr am! criticni ronreriatiim, 

rDerenibir! 1^.'>, Sundav anil ('Iiri>tma.H Dav. — At about i^^^ 
«**rI<M'L liav in;: wititi d till ihrn i>n aemunt «>f the li-tten*, Mrs. B^'S^* 
K<'g^y, auil I, "^'t ofT ft>r Roy •-ton on my way to Himrn Bridge wbew > 
wiLs tn niec! I'liipp;* and Bai.k*. Tin* badni'^- of the raids which wef* 
r»niler«-il Imi-lly |»a-wili|r by tin- l"ro'»t, and the terror occaaionc*! ^ 
Mrv I»\n;; by flu- fallifi;: ntVtln' b<»r«ie made my going very uneasy, •■•* 
alti-r -tupping <inly lialfan hi>iir :it Ro\*>ton I K4*nt them awav iu a f f*^ 
po^( ilmi'**' anil ti»ur . 1 prixM-nlrd in a post cliai-i' and pair to B^Mtf^ 
Kridgc Mbcir I arrivi-d a)»oiit <). and aiiout ^ an hour befcrr rbipP* 
athl Tin* trigbi** tht-y bad iu g*'tting home by being oblifB^ 


\>j the post boys to change horses at Baldock, and the lateness of their M^oy 
irriya] I heard afterwards in a letter. We went on that night to ' bsq. ' 
Barton Mills and the next day, viz., 26th arrived at Felbrlg. — 

1775, January 4th. — Left Felbrig, and the next night about J before 
12 got to town. I went to Reve's to get a bed but they were full ; 
they procured me, however, a lodging on the opposite side of the way. 

6th. — Dined at Phipps whence I went after dinner with Henry 
Phipps to Drury Lane where Garrick was to act Sir John Brute. The 
places which we had were about the centre row of the middle front 
box. The play had been begun some little time before we came in. 
[ had set there about ten minutes during which Garrick had been 
chiefly on the stage when on turning to my right I saw on a row a 
few rows below Miss H., and on looking further beheld to my great 
astonishment Mrs. Byng. They had sent it seems a note to me at my 
mother's, having heard of my being in town from Mr. Gwyn, which 
note had not been brought to me by the neglect of my servant to Lord 
Mulgrave*8, till T was gone. They wished me to come in a coach, and 
the next day I met Mrs. Byng with Miss H. by appointment in a coach 
ind drove round about the King's road till four. I dined at my mother's 
in the evening, drove with them again till it was time for them to go 
to Mr. Norris where they were to sup. [The diary has nothing of 
interest between this date and the end of February. There are frequent 
naits to Ickleford during this time.] [February] 24. — Came up to 
town expecting the masquerade to be on that night. Mrs. Byng came 
with me as far as Welwyn. 

27th. — Went to the masquerade. I quitted that day my lodgings, 
No. 9, Suffolk Street, and had my things removed to my mother's, 
where I dine<l. All the evening I continued there. About eight wrote 
to Mrs. Byng ; at a little before eleven drove to Lord Mulgrave's by 
i^pointment whence Phipps and I went to Lord Spencer's where masks 
vrere seen, where we stayed a short time and then proceeded to the 
iiasquerade. Came in I suppose about 12 past 12. The place was 
Jery crowded and brilliant, but did not contain so far as I observed 
nany of those persons w^hose presence, I think, contribute more to 
he estimation of the meeting. Of persons that I know there were 
tfrg. Chol[mondeley] concealed as a conjurer. Miss Chol[mondeley], 
kfisa Grickin, Lord Pigot, Miss Phipps, Lady Cork, <&c. I stayed till 
ix in the morning by which time it was broad light. [Same day went 
lack to Ickleford.] 

March 3rd. — Came up to town riding my mare as far as Welwyn, 
coming in a chaise from there to Hatfield and thence to Bamet. I 
»me up in expectation of dining with Sheridan, but found there had 
>een a mistake. Dined at my mother's. 

[The next entry in the Diary is as follows : — ] 

April 16. I should hardly have conceived if I had not found it 

proved on the face of the journal itself that from the date last set 

down to the present time all account had been suspended.* 

The day following, viz. : a Saturday I went into the lodgings in 

oorkc St at an apothecary of the name of Baine where I had occasion 

:o observe very particularly my subjection to the influence of place, and 

* This is evidently a note in the Diary, as if on that day he had discovered the 
imissions which he then supplied. The next entry " the day following *' is in 
Harchy from which date the diary goes straight on. 


,M88.of Strange iliiTcrcncc I find in places so little removed from each other, for 
^•^''^^^^' in that little change from Suffolk to Corke St. I seemed to Bml thf 
— whole 8tnte of mj being in town altered, nor was 1 able for the fir*i 

night and afterwards to divest myself of a feel of something which 
made my views of life different there from what they had been in tin* 
other place. This is undoubtedly great weakness. [Marchl 11th.— 
Quitteil the lodgings in Corke St., and went with Choi, to Ickieford. . 

Mrs. B. not yet comedown after her ill oem from 

her bedroom. 

On the Wednesday following I went up to Town again in order to 
dine at I^nl Mulgrave's by appointment, where was to be T«ady Miiy 
Fitzgerald. Mrs. Hyng carried me one part of the way in the chaise. . 

The next day between 8 and 9 

I returned, having calUnl ui>on Cholmondeley, who was in bed, and 
could not go with me from not finding himtielf well. [Paid a vimt to 
Hatfield and returning met Mrs. Byng and *' Peggy '* in the chaise.] 

Monday 2(>th. — Went up to town in order to dine with Hawkini 
Hrowne. Mt*s. H. carri«Ml me in the chaise to Hatfield when we mrt 

Cholmondeley by ap|K)intnicnt in his way down 

The Satunluv preceding this was the d ly, I think, of ray Iwing oat ■ 
hunting for the second time when Meynell and Lord Scarborongh sail 
others of the first rate s|)ortsinen were out. 

22u<l, Wednesday — Went out of town at half-past two in order In 
overtake Gwynn and Byng, who were to dice at Wclwyn. Gwync 
came hy ju^t an I wiis getting out of my chaise at Bamet. [Rides ivKli 
them to Welwyn, where they dine. He then left with Byng to go to 
Icklefonl, and in these words owns to his somewhat easy habit of turc- 
ing morfMM* und>*r certain circumstances.] '* All the while till our Ica%iB|[ 
tht* inn [at Wehvyn] I was in particuUrly good spirits. I thmi o^* 
triv4»d as iiyng and I were riding to Ickieford in the dark to put mjtf^ 
in hail humour, and this b<Mng increased bv a circumstanco that happen^ 
at my first going in I was comph^tely so all that night, and so cuDtiaiw*! 
till it brought on what I ought to dread to think on" 

30th, Thursday. — Came to town in onlcr to go to Mrs. Windhi*** 
curd jmrty. Mrs. Byng took me to turnpike at Brickwell . . . • • 
. . . I Iia 1 now gi)t the present hnlging in Chidley Court. 

April 4th. — K<*turn<Ml to Ickieford. I left town in a chaiae woAi^ 
all the way to Hatfield the hook I had ju.-^t got of (iray^s pOi*ill9 •"'' 
letliTS publislie<l by Ma<Min 

[(hi the intermediate page.] — Tiiis last time of my being at Icklefi>pl 
1 fini^hed the work which had held me so long of the 7th Book of 
Pa[»pus filling up whatever had bt'<*n left ini|HTl«K:t ; and also what I 
liad bi'gan S4im«* time iM'tore, the works of Seneca the PoeU I raadalv 
what I hn'l not read for a long wliile, Ovid's lhi$, 

ITith, .'^jitniiliy. — Came up to town in onler to go with Phipp*^ 
Banks and (.\ilnian on our |mrty to N«-wmarket and Thetford. [IMan'lty^ 
iMTouiit ot tlii^ trip to Newmarket which included a visit to Caml^*^ 
where he '»tay«*d a ilii\, returning tlipMigh Stevenage and Wtfl«yt» ^ 
St. Albuus, whrre tliry >i\,\\ tla* AhlH.*y ; ami he staid tHie nigbt *t 

24lh. — Came to town ut mImuU ten o*rhM.'k and found that lfrs> By^ 
IumI not g«>nr out of ttiwn y<-t. [Till the following lOih May eii|t>tr^ 
with Mr*«. Byng and Julia whom In* had aiH^omfmnied oa their way '^ 
Bintield with ( liolmondeley und hail met at Salthill on their rctoni ^ 
town. ] 


On the following Wednesday [May 11th] I think it was that I wont M8S. of 
jvith Mrs. Byng and Miss Riches from Chidley Court to Argyle St., and ^ ^'^T^^ 
hence with Mrs. Byng to take up Julia, and that we called at — 

Mrs. Reynolds's and Lady Knowles's, I think, and finally at Miss 
Beauclerk's. [Next day but one accompanies Mrs. Byng and Julia to 
Tckleford and describes the journey down as very pleasant " singing and 
:alking on agreeable topicks." He returned to town on the following 
lay with them, and went in the coach to Hatfield, where they dined, 
reaching town again in time to meet Byng at the play to see Garrick. 
He notes that the six days of this stay at Ickleford were passed 'Mn a 
rather particular way."] 

23rtl. — Between six and seven in the evening having been detained 
in the morning and stayed to dine at Sheridan's, set off on horseback to 
Ickleford. Rode to Welwyn and thence went in a postchaise. Did 
Dot get in till ^ past eleven when they were all in bed except the 
servants. I got to bed some time after without waking Mrs. Byng 
whom I surprised in the morning^ 

27th. — Came tp town from Barnet having come hither the night 
before with Mrs. Byng and Miss Rich. 

Jnne 3rd. — Went with my brother to Ipswich. 
4th. — Grot to Norwich. 

5th. — Arrived at Dereham. From that [day] except two days 
passed at Felhrig, I stayed at Dereham till the — 

15th. — When I left Dereham. Got to Barton Mills about twelve. 

16th. — Came to Ickleford. 

20th.— Left Ickleford. Slept at Barnet. 

21st. — Came to town between eleven and twelve. 

[The next entry in the Diary is somewhat interesting and precedes 
in account of what Windham calls his '* literary advancement." This 
is given in full.] 

*• To night (23rd). — I have been employed for this hour, viz., since 
eleven, in reading the first proposition and part of the 2nd book of 
Papp., and this is first attempt I have made to think of anything in 
mathematicks since at latest the 12th of last month. The return to 
these subjects after such an intermission even was attended with . 
sensible pleasure. How strange that I should ever suffer studies felt to 
be so valuable to be neglected fo long." [Then on an intermediate 
page is the detailed account of ^* literary advancement " under numbered 
articles as follow :] 

1. About the 20 last pages of the 1st book of Horsley's Apoll. 

Bestitutus — read sometime in the latter end of August and the 
beginning of September 1774. 

2. The Philoctetes of Sophocles read sometime in September or 


3. The seventh book of Pappus containing 247 pages begun some 

time in Septr. or Octr., finished not till the 29th of March. 

4. The jEneid begun October 20th finished Novr. 1st. 

5. Juvenal begun Novr. 7 th, finished Jany. 15th, 

6. Fersius ended February 6th. 

7. Seneca the poet ended April 30th. 

1. New testament read occasionally during a month or six 

weeks at the beginning of the winter. 

2. The Phormio of Terence read between London and 

Welwyn in going down to Ickleford Novr. 27th. 


M^.OF 3. History of Eiif^lnnd in Riipin from Edwanl tbo3rd to about 

* kS]!"''''- ireiirylth. 

— 4. Part of two siTiiioiis of JJarrow. Theso were read earlj in 

the winter while I was at Grece'a. 

8. The four vols, of GoldstnithN history of England began 10106 time 

last month, ondc<l within this w(H*k. 

9. Four propositions investipitod in the tractates tie Vet. Anaiys. 

Th<\s«' were done sometime between the 2()th of April and the 
2()th of Mav. 

10. Ovid'M Ibitf eontainin;;: al>oiit Gil verses. 

t*). About 140 leaves in the Xovclle di Bandello, 
(}. Some thinj^s o<'r«L<ionaliy in the two first introductory 
Chapters to tlio Tables of Logarithms, 
The alK>ve account, fewan<] inconsiderable as the Articles areiexhibica 
the whole of my literary advann^ment <lnrin;]C the |)eriod then compre* 
hen<I<>d. It is true that this aeoount does not include every page read 
«lurin;: that time nor every half hour si)ent in literary employ bnt bj 
the miniit«'ness oi several of the Articlefi, lM)th of thoiie of which the 
<iuantity i< definite and exact and those of which it is computed, it is 
siN'U how low this account d<>sc<'nds so that the factA remaining un- 
accounted must l)e separately !^> small as to be but little contidi>ralile in 
the auifinnt. The fact is that thin amount for a long time ba?k has 
Ix'en less than ever as it ha-i been a principle since the commencemeDl 
of the rrfnrmatinn to reject such {Mirticles of readin;; as are too inooii- 
8i«lerabl<* to lie separati'ly noted. That a better idea may be [had] of 
the pro|Hirtion of what it ap|K'ars here I have done to what I might 
have don<\ here f(»llow two accounts, the one calculating what times 
i.e. iM'twt'cn what limits the work above stated mif^ht have been per* 
formed suftimsing a certain number of hours only to have been applied 
to it em'li tlay (which numlMT is for some part of the work four for 
others six and for some others Hrv«*ij) and the other what the amonat 
wouM Ih* of the number of hours n«C4*ssary to liavc been actually aprnt 
upon it. [Hen' follow the two account^, by which he computes the 
first was 4 m<:nths and 2 wcek*« and the second would be 4 months and 
4 weeks [(»r o months]. 

The Diary th«*n procce<ls from May 2lth to July oth, during wh!di 
peritNl the u<ual to and fn> vi*«its to Icklcford are recuixJed. 

.July 'jlli. — W«»nt down to I<!k)etord riding all the way. The^ 
me just on the other side of Ilitchin, C'ecy Mn^ on the young 

iixh. — Next day went to lli«j;rif*swafle to meet I'hipps by 
Ui ^o down with him to th«' North. We all sn[i|M'<l to^»ther and rtajvd 
there that ni^ht. 

7th. —Set out with him for Mnl^rave. The first niifht we slept al 
Granrhnm : the next at Ferry! •rid<;e : the next at Castle Howard and 
10th, Momlav. — Arrivi-d at Mnl«rrave. 

^.'ith. — Parted from Phip[is in onler to pri>ce«'d to the south. We 
ha<! left Mulprave the day iN'tnre, nnd slept that ni^ht nt Mr. Ilalls. The 
day after that, viz., th«' 2.')fh we e;illed for a short time at (ieneral Ilales 
and I wii-i prevailed on to stay aiwl iline at Chalmers. l^ippH then drore 
me to Stoke«Iy and I ro«le thcnn* to Thirsk alnmt 21 miles; got tliere 
a litili* pii»it 1 1. 

2'»th.- (5ot to Stamff'ril having' -♦ t off in the morning by «?. RrcelTfd 
no If ttcr nor fonnd Mr^. ])., -:» went thi- next morning; in lull confidenee 
of uieeiin;; th«*m at ])nv(-ntr\. I proi-«'«iIed to Davenlry the next 
morninp;: but by the happy in;;i nuity of ctTlaiu persons was dis* 


appointed, so had nothing to do but to go on that night to Dunstable. MB ^f 
The next morning Bsq. 

28Ui.— Rode over to Ickleford by a little after nine. ^^ 

doth. — ^Lef t Ickleford. Mrs. Byng and Julia came with me to Boytton 
where we stayed an hour or two, and went through Cambridge and 
slept that night at Barton Mills. 

3l8t. — Game hither yiz,, Felbrigge. 


Sept. 17th.— Left Felbrig. 

CEnd of Diary.) 

Lbttbbs to the Right Hon. William Windham when Secretary at 
War, from French Royalists, relative to the Expedition to La 

A large bundle of letters from eminent French exiles on various 
points connected with the corps of emigres proposed to be raised in 
England. They are of no historical interest. The following . are the 
names of the writers : The Prince de Leon and the Princess, the Due 
de Harcourt, Due de Grussol, Due de Lorge, Marquis d'Osmond, 
Marquise de Brehan, Marquis de Crevolle, Marquis d' Aussign^, Marquise 
de la Saille, Marquis de Miran, Marquis de Pasdeloup, Marquis de St. 
Victor, Marquis des Derides, Comte de Williamson, Comte de St. Pair, 
Comte d'Hervilly, Comte de Blangy, Comte de la Yille-Sarjlon, Comte 
de Brt^ie, Comte de Robien, Comte O'Mahony, Comte d'Hector, Comte 
de Peysac, Comtesse de la Bourdonnaye, Comte de Pradel, Comte de 
Moustier, Comte de PfiEiff, Comte de Bruyeres, Comte de Contades, 
Comte de la Monneraye, Comte de Bleuges, Comte de Behague, Comte 
d'Agoult, Viscomte Williamson, Yiscomte de Vaux, Baron de Rolle, 
Baron Fontanges, Baron de Nautial, Chevalier de Tinguyl, Chevalier 
-de la Riviere, Chevalier de Puisaye, Chevalier Framond, Chevalier de 
Tintinian, Chevalier de Dampierre, Chevalier d'Audign6, Chevalier de 
Verteuil, Chevalier de Seu^^ Chevalier de Nerc^, Ev^ue d*Angou- 
Ume, I'Abb^ de Calonne, I'Abb^ de la Britinaye, PAbb^ d'Hdrat, 
General Wall, Capt. Lefebvre, MM. d'lvernois, Poisson, Normand, de 
Solerac, Harel I'Aigle, Victor, Eerlevec, Startreenberg, Duchezlar, and 
St Croix. 

The following have been selected as being more generally interesting 
(than the bulk of the correspondence. 

N.D. 62 New Compton Street Soho. — Le Baron de Nautial to Mr. 
Windham enclosing an extract from a letter to him from Monsieur le 
Pr^ident de la Houssaye. Wishes him to act as he thinks best in the 
matter. The first account is from a letter from a Marquis de Catreclant 
first president of the Bretagne parliament arrived from Jersey by the 
fast boat. Asks to present his son to Mr. Windham. 

1795, June 2. Jersey. — Extract of a letter enclosed in the preceding. 
^ On se doutait icy de Tarriv^e de troupes, je crains bien qu'elles ne 
nous affoment parler ct faites parler, je vous prie de Tarticle essentiel 
des approvlsionments. Samedy dernier point do boeuf et la vache 
<;ontait 18 sols la livre. Les farmes manquent, le gain est a 6 sols la 
livre, et chaque jour, on menace de la sencherir. Point de charbon il 
A*en arrive plus, si le nombre des consommateurs augmentes sans 
precautions prises il est certain que dans peu de semaines on nous 
afiamera. Attention particalier sur cet article je vous prie." 

U 60050. o 

JbirfKmov, ^^ President de 1a Houssaye a llionneur d'oftir aes reapa c la k 
*BfQ. ' Monsieur le baron de Nantial et do lui communiquer la Ter cydeMai 
^^ dont il sera usage aurrant aa prudence et ta bonne volenti ordiiiaire» 

pour lea malhenreux £migr^ lis seraient expos^ da plua d'une 
manidre si les approyisionnements manquaicnt a Jeraey. Le comte de 
la IIouKsaye u*ayant pas rbonnear d*^tre connu dea ministrea du Boi 
d*Angleterro, ne p«'iit se permettre de dtimarchea aupiia d*eai." 
LondrcH 8 Juin ITOo Lc comto de la Houssaye. 

N.D. June 14. — Extract from a letter, from Lausanne. " L*opinion 
qu*on oDtretenait en Anglcterrt* des forces et dcs moyena de la Franca 
pouTuit fa ire croire qu*on serait oblige de traiter avec elle. Maia lea 
cabinets des Puissantes coalisficps qui voyent sa detrefee, la laisacnt 
Be consumer elle mcme, et ^pient le moment de lui impoaer lea con- 
ditions qui leur plairont et qu'elle sera probablement forcte d*aeecpCer» 
si une troupe grando-aTidite nc les porte pas ti en presenter da trop 
onereuKcs. Les as»ignatn par le dernier couri«^r de Ptaria j perdaient 
96 J per 100 et il n*y a pas de raisons pour qu'ils ne tombeat paa 
pluri lian. La depense du mois de May a et^ de 1500 millions, II 
aiso de voir que tous leurs milliards, qui cocsistent en biena d' 
dont persitnne ne veut, doivent etre bientot epuises. Leura 
sent laspe.s de la cuerre. Le cri general de toute la nation eat poor ]m. 
paix. Le parti de la moderation a pris le dessus sur celui daa 
et dcd terroristes . Mais lee afiaires nVn yont pas mienx. Le Boyali 
gagiie touH lea jours du terrein, et je suis bien tromp^ ai avant 17 
il n'a paH le des^us. Cette ^poque selon toutea apparencea sera 
de la paix, qui pout scule |K)rter quelque remede k toua les manx qa*( 
a souffert depuis trois ans etc etc.^ 





The earlier port of this collection contains several letters and papers HSS. ov ' 
of Lord Ligonier's belonging to the years 1760, 1761, 1762, which have ixSSiSiSoSL 
in some manner come into the possession of the Hutchinson family. — 

The first is an account of the taking of Carrickfergus by Thurot. 
There are several documents about Belle Isle, including a letter from 
Mr. Pitt, announcing its capture. Captain de Bassemond's letter illus- 
trates the condition of Protestants in France at that time. 

But far the greater part of the collection consists of the corre- 
spondence of the Right Honourable John Hely Hutchinson, the 
husband of the first Baroness Donoughmore and father of the first 
Earl of Donoughmore, extending from 1761 to shortly before his death 
in 1794. It includes letters n*om a large number of distinguished 
persons. Some indeed are only formal, but many write freely and at 
length as intimate friends. Of the latter class Edmund Burke is the 
most eminent, from whom are ^yg letters. The most important is that 
of August 1767 giving his opinion of several politicians. Of Lord 
Rockingham he observes, '^ He is gone to the country, without office 
and with dignity." From Stone, the Primate, there are three. He 
approves of the Duke of Bedford's appointment as Master of the Horse, 
" for human creatures certainly ought not to be subjected to him, but to 
have made him keeper of the lions in the Tower would yet have 
been more unexceptionable." There are numerous letters from Lord 
Hertford and Lord Townshend, former Lord Lieutenants. Three of 
the former's describe the formation of the Shelburne Ministry in 1782, 
and some of the intrigues that succeeded its resignation, while one 
of the latter's contains a sketch of Charles Fox in his youth : *' He 
defies, corrects, and drives Ministers into Minorities in order to uphold 
Government," and refers to " Wedderbum's able dissection of Franklin." 
Another describes the King's ^* surprise and concern" at the duel 
between a Mr. Doyle and Hutchinson, soon after his appointment as 
Provost, while another duel is referred to ''as the taste Mr. Bagnal has 
been pleased to take of the new secretary " (Blaquiere). Indeed, 
as Townshend remarks, *' amongst other qualifications for public station 
the gladiatorial is one of the most essential in your country." Though 
in London, Townsheml too found it necessary to fight. From Wedder- 
bum himself, afterwards Lord Loughborough, there are several letters, 
and two long and remarkable papers addressed to him in 1793 by 
Hutchinson, containing a sketch of L-ish feeling. French principles 
are universally execrated, except in Belfast, some parts of Derry, and 
by some few inconsiderable men in Dublin. He refers to the manner in 
which Grovernment business was transacted, and the measures then before 
Parliament, especially the Disqualification by Office Bill, the Pension 
Bill, and the Bill for establishing a Treasury Board* After describing 
how the Secretaryship of State had become a sinecure, he adds, *' The 
Chief Secretary is in all departments whatever the only efficient 
Minister • . . There is no country probably in Europe where 

■M n 

r» Basl or 



MM. ov _ gach various powera and departments are in one man, and that man 
unknown to the Constitution, and jet in the course of a long life I have 
not known more than two men in that office who had anj preTiooA 
acquaintance with public business.'* 

In a letter to his wife Hutchinson describes the great debate of 
May 2Gth, ITSS, when Fox and Pitt were oppoeed to each other. He 
gave, and he was well qtialified to judge, the preference to the last. 
"He had a decid<^ superioritv and is the greatest hpeaker I ever 
heard." Letters from Mr. ^ng and Dean Bond in 1786 describa 
the beginning of the tithe disturbemces, the attempts of Government to 
suppress them, and the steps taken by the bishops. There are numerous 
letters from Mr. Orde, Chief Secretary to the Duke of Rntlandy relating 
mostly to Irish trade and the proposed commercial treaty with Great 
Britain. In ono is enclosed a copy of a confidential paper from Mr. 
Beresfonl to Mr. Orde, containing objections to the propositiona then 
before the British House of Lords with Mr. Pitt's answers. 

Several letters from Hutchinson's son, aftei*wanis the first Earl of 
Donou^hmore, and others give an entertaining account of the Lord 
Lieutenant's visit to Cork in 178o, and a iJafier by him describes how 
he act4Hl as a me<lium of communication in Deec^mbcr 1792 between the 
Government and the Catholic Committee as to the moile of presenting 
their pi*tition to tin* King. Several letters from Lord Lyttleton relate 
mostly to the cuh' of his son-in-law, Viscount Valeotia, Hutchinson 
having lM>en one of his counsel. Woo<lfall, the printer, feels honoured 
*' by i>eing considered by you so far distinct from the general class 
of newspa|)er editors and printers that I am not altogether unworthy of 
private' contidence." Harvey, the eccentric bishop of Derry, makes some 
remarks about «*ducation. not wanting in good sense, and is disappointed 
that the (k)Ilej;e will not contribute to the spire he is building. A 
letter, full of lioyish jokes, from W. W. <rrenville at the age of 17 
to his sch(K)lf('llow, llutrhiiis<»n's son, is followed a few years later 
by one from him kh Chu'f Sc<Tet»ry enelosint; the official narrative 
of Howe*8 relief oi' (tibraltar. A bishop urges his claim for promotion 
on tlie ground, among others, of *' liaving prcservecl the borough by 
making M) new frcH-mcn in the mi<lst of the greatest obloquy and 
new^|)ape^ ubiise (for our majority was only 19) and returned two 
members recommende<l by Government." 

But the most interesting {wrt of the collection consists of over 30, 
mostly long, letters from William (rerard Hamilton, iN'tter known as 
^' Single S|M>ech *' Hamilton. Hutchinson nml he hiid liecome friends 
when he was over as Chief Secretary to Lord Halifax, and Hntchinaon's 
opinion of hi> ability and ehiinict«'r may t>e estinmt4'<l from his attributing 
Junius to his [M*n, an honour disclaimed by Hamilton. The steps he ana 
Huteliinson t(M>k in concert to obtain, the one the Chancellorship of the 
Exch«*(]uer, tli«' other th«' place of Alnnger, an^ fully di*soribea, laying 
liare the s«NTft history of the transaction. The letters abound with 
pungent obs4-rvution*i on persons and affairs. A menilier is described as 
** viiriablr in his 2K>liti<>, but nnifonii in his wish to t>e Chaneellor 
of the Kxcli<'4|ui*r,*' iiml he ol)K^n'es, ils the diflen*nce lietween myself 
and the l^»rd Li('Ut«'nant " rt'luttNl only to the prosjtcrity of In»land« yon 
will fnsily iin:i*;ine a di«*pute (»n m» tritlin;; a subj<H:t could not be 
prtKluetiv.* ot' any wunnth." Wiih thes*- an- c<iuni*cted the letters <if bis 
irienil, Mr. Jeph^m. .\ loiii; nn<l iin|M»rtant one of thine 1765, written 
by lluniiltonS din^tion, deMTilN'K tlie state of Kngli<«h partitas. Lord 
Hute*^ s«-<'n't infbiencc, the ji'adoiiHi('<< U'twrm him and the Administn* 
tion, and the Ke;^'iicy 1(111. To tin* Ministers* i*i>nduct towards that 
nM*ai>nre he uttributi*s the King's overtures to Mr. Pitt« His veraion of 


the Doke of Bedford's speech to the King is ^solemn and repeated H88. ov 
as Lord Bate's promises were, he knew at the time how little ihej were ^S^JI^SxSa. 
to be relied on, but he blushed to remind his Majesty that even his — 

Bojal word had been pledged to confirm what his Lordship's busy and 
meddling temper rendered it impossible for him to adhere to." Others 
throw some light on that obscure passage in Burke's life, his rupture 
with Hamilton, and the assignment of his pension to Jephson. Several 
letters relate to the disturbances in (College that ensued on Hutchinson's 
appointment as Provost, and there is a large bundle of papers relating to 
the petition against the return of the Hon. F. Helj Hutchinson for 
Dublin University, and to the visitation of 1791. 

The documents calendared were picked out of a very much larger 
number botli before and after Hutchinson's death. It is believed that 
nothing important in the former period has been overlooked, but among 
an immense quantity belonging to the latter period some were noticed 
that may prove of interest at some future time ; for instance, there is a 
good deal of correspondence of the first Earl of Donoughmore relative to 
the Catholic claims, and there are despatches and letters of the second 
Earl when attached to the Eussian army during the campaigns of Eylau 
and Friedland. 

1760, February 22. Belfast — Major General Strode to the 
Duke of Bedford. At about 7 o'clock last night Lieutenant Colonel 
Jennings of the 62nd regiment and four companies were made prisoners 
of war at Carrick Fergus. About 8 o'clock this morning a Flag of Truce 
came to this town, and demanded the undermentioned articles, consisting 
of various provisions and supplies to be delivered today at 2 o'clock, 
promising to pay for them and threatening in case of refusal to bum 
Carrick Fergus, and then this town also, with which demand the gentle- 
men of Belfast thought it best to comply. About 500 or 600 of the 
country Militia came here today, but they are very ill provided with 
arms, and have great scarcity of ammunition. The French lost about 
four or five at Carrick Fergus^ and our people about three or four. 

1760, July 31. London. — J. A. D. to Lord Idgonier. Containing a 
project calculated to supply the want of troops of such nature rather to 
save lives than expose them to destruction by throwing an enemy into 
confusion. Particulars cannot be committed to paper. 

Undated. Camp, Warberg. — Col. J. Browne, Secretary to Lord 
Granby, to Lieutenant Gener^ Yorke. By Lord Granby's desire com- 
mending the bearer John Haly, Lieutenant in Rutte's regiment in the Irish 
Brigade in the French service, who has thought proper to quit that 
service, and requesting bim to give him a passport to England. 

1760, August 22. Hamelen. — Edward Blakeney to Lieutenant 
General Yorke, by the same bearer, giving some further particulars 
about him. 

1760, September 9. llie Hague. — Lieutenant General Yorke to Rd. 
Fortergis, Esq., by the same bearer reconmiending him, and enclosing 
the last two. 

1760, October 17. Quiberon Bay. — ^Admiral Sir Edward Hawkc to 
Lord Anson. Giving the information he had collected about Belle- 
isle and its garrison which he does not think a good place for a diversion. 
Also giving the results of his reconnoitrings of Morbihan and the Rivers 
Auray, Vannes, and Vilaine, with the view of destroying the men-of- 


MM. or war in tho last and the transports in the others, and proposing plan off 
oSovJuitSaL operations. Enclosed is an extract from a letter of Captain Gambicr 
— of the name date faring the result of his examination of a captain of a 

chassc maree. ( Copy.) 

[1760?] — Memorial from Colonel Llojd, General Adjutant to thm 
Reigning Duke of Brunitwick, proposing to form a hodj of G^rmaoa 
oom|>oMHl of deserters, who at the close of the war might be formed into 
military colonies to guard the frontiers of the British dominions 

1701, March 21 . Dublin. — George Stone, Archbishop of Annagb, to 
John llely Hutchinson. ''Lord Halifax iB named by the King Lord 
Lieutenant of Irelnud, but tho patent not being fmsmd, it is not jet 
signified hither in form. The Duke of Bedford, (as vou have heard) has 
remove<l Mr. Malone, and apftointed C. J. Yorke, Chaocellor of the 
£x('hef(uc*r. Hih Gnuv writes thus viz. : / having repretented io iAt 
King that Mr. Malone is not a fit perton io Mcrte //i« Jfajesij^ at 
Chancvllor of the f'Sxchee/tter, and thai in my opinion it is adrisabie 
he should in- removed^ t.yc. I nhall make no obHor\'iitions to joOt nor is 
it ni'0(*<«siiry. Mr. Malono is di*teruiin«Ml to apiN^ar again at the Bar. 
The I)uk«' of Be«lfonl, it in saiil, will Ik* iiiadt' Mast4T of the Horse, 
whicfi is in somv degror* right for human creatures certainly ought not 
to 1m.' subjeottMl to hiui ; hut to have made him k<-o|)er of the lions in the 
Tower would yet have li4*en more unexceptionalil«\in truth hb* dominion 
hero has lM*eu very grievous ; wo have got rid of him now ; bat I fear 
shall ftM'l for some timet to come the consequences of his having been 
amon<;st u:<. 

Tlirn* aro many ministorial chan;r<'.'^ in England. The principal is 
thf B)>])ointmont of Lonl Huti' to \yo Secn'tury of State in the place of 
Jjonl ilo1di*rn«-ss(*. ^Ir. L(*g;rc is turned out. Mr. l*itt as yet keeps his 
offirt*. It sPtMus a«« if clou<l:^ wcro ^atIi«Ting ov«'r th<at region, and that 
storms would soon bur*>t. In the nieaiitinie there are apiiearancesy aa it 
the war abroad wa*« drawing townrds a concluhion.** 

17(51, April 4. — Li-l of tlie fe«'«^ of Lonl Ligonier and Mr. Pitt (after* 
wards Lord Chatham) at tl>«) llatli el«*ctiou. 

1701. April :i2-June 11. — Journal of the siege of the citadel of 

li«'ll4>i.«l«' from the landing to the capitulation. 

17'il. May 2-H. — Another journal of the same l»etw«H*n these dates 
MgiU'il by <ieiteral IliMlgson, the Commander of the exptxlition. 

1701, May II. Strand. — Peter Tomplenmn, S^'n'titry to the Sodrtj 
for tli«- «-nciiuragem«-nt uf Arts, to Gmenil HudnMi, the Field Officer in 
Waitin<:, a>kiii;; him to apply to Li>rd Ligonier for a i;uard of 200 men 
to kii'p otF the erowtl rxpeetitl at an experiment for extinguishiD|r a 
hou**i' on fire in an iri**(ant. Tiie plao- \va« ni'ar the enil of Portland 
Strti't K(i:iil. {t'ttpy,) 

1701, May 1.5. — Hamilton Stre«'t. — t1o*>him Steele to Lord Ligoniar 
on th»* >ame hubji-rt rnelosinjr n copy of till* la-t. 

17(>1. June 11. — John Murray to | L«)nl l<i^M)nier]. Bremen. Mea- 
tionin;: hiN h«>in^ «ithT(il by tin* Prince Ferdinand j a commiiwion in the 
Britiiih I^-gion whieh ho wasndvi*i4Ml not to take**ai« it was really an 
infamout i-or|>^, and at th«> end of the war it» iMTvice would ce«ao mad 
the otlirvrs have no halt' |>ay." 


1 76 1, Jane 1 3. — ^William Pitt to Lord Ligonier. Ha^e j ust received the MSS. «v 
news of the capture of the citadel of Palais [Belleisle] on the 7th — the j^lSJJSoS 
garrison to march out with the honours of war, 3 pieces of cannon, and — 

to be transported to the Continent. Seal with arms of the Pitt familj^ 
Franked Wm. Pitt. 

1761, August 13. — ''A plan for more expeditiouslj manning the 
Fleets bj Thomas Cole." The proposal is to enlist the French sailors 
of whom there were then about 20,000 prisoners of war, and distribute 
them bj 40 or 60 in different ships. He states that a great number of 
them are Protestants taken from their parents when young, and then 
registered in a class and allowed a small subsistence till thej are ready 
to go to sea. The subsistence we now allow them consists only of 
victuals and driuk, and that but very sparingly through the avarice of 
the contractors, and as to clothes they have not a rag allowed them, 
though great numbers have been here six years, so that they are a 
shockiug spectacle, though they have received some relief from the 
generous contributions of the people. 

1761, October 7. Belleisle. — General Hodgson to Lord Ligonier. 
Describing the measures he has taken for putting the place in a state of 
defence, and expecting soon to have covering for 4,000 men. 

1761, October 23. Bockum. — Robert de Bassemond, Captain and 
Engineer, to [Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick ?]. Giving an account of 
his life and services in France, and declaring his wish to enter the 
English service, his reason being the disadvantage under which his 
religion as a Protestant places him in the French service. He was bom 
near IJz^ in Languedoc, had risen to the rank of Captain, was sent in 
1755 to superintend the repairs and additions to the fortifications of 
Martinique and Dominica, was taken prisoner on his return and detained 
7 months in England, and then released on parol and exchanged. He 
applied to Marshal Belleisle setting forth his services but the only 
answer was ** What you tell me is not of my time ; besides, you shall 
obtain nothing because you are of the Reformed religion." On his death 
he applied to M. de Choiseul for the Cross of Military Merit, three 
oflScers junior to him in his regiment having received that of St. Louis. 
The answer was that that order was for foreigners onlj, the king not 
considering that he had any other subjects but Roman Catholics. 

1761, Octobei 28. Munster. — The Same to the Same. Enclosing the 
last, as before despatching it he had been obliged to leave Bockum in 
consequence of the arrival of a detachment of Soubise's army. 

1761, September 3. Leixlip. — George Stone, Archbishop of Armagh, 
to John Hely Hutchinson. Have written to my brother Mr. Stone 
informing him that Mr. Hutchinson will soon be in London and 
asking him to wait with Mr. Hutchinson on his and my friends 
but especially on Lord Halifax and Lord Mansfield. Have let my 
brother know that he may inform others that ^* you do not come to 
solicit favours and that you are in no want of them ; that you have 
distinguished yourself in a way not pleasing to our late Governor and 
that I have no authority to say you may not hold the like course here- 
after, and pretend to be assured of nothing in that way but of the 
soundness of your principles with regard to his Majesty's Person and 
Government and to the Constitution." Entreating him '' to converse 
with any persons of high Rank in a manner as to leave no impression 
upon their minds of impracticability, and not to let them see too 


. ^ plainly nor by too marked a liehaviour that you feel Toar awn inde* 
Oolovfmou. pendency. The contrary manner will engage you to noCning.*' • • . 

— ** With regard to the support of the Government in the approaching 

aearion you knew my flontimenta fully before you left Irelaad and I 
ahould have recommcntled it to all my friends to give the clearaC 
Testimony of th«*ir goo<l affection that way although I had not myielf 
been called tc» assist in that service. But I believe yoa will now oii 
your return find me again witli the harness on my back." 

1762, February 1. Belloisle. — tJohn Craufortl to Lord Ligonier. 
Beferring to the great amount of duties thrown on the numbera at bis 
disposal. *' A very shattered citadel the extent of 32 miles of coast on 
which there are 53 little ports or principal landing places snrdy 
requires numliers to pay any sort of attention to them." Deacribing the 
steps he has taken in making roads and repairing the fortificatioBS. 
I hear rumours the place is to be abandoned. If so will qait Belleisle 
with as much resignation as Sancho did the Island of Barataria. 

1762, June 26. Hampton Court. — W. Grerard Hamilton to John 
Hely Hutchinson. 

" Not having wrote to you since my Lord Lieutenant's [Earl of 
Halifai] apitointment to tbo Admiralty I think it necessanr to troabkr 
you with u very few lines upon that subject. The condition he made 
upon his acceptance was that he should not be removed from the 
government of In^land against his inclination. And he assures me that 
hb present resolution is to return to you, but whatever may be his 
intention, the object of administration in his promotion certainly was 
that he shouid have an opportunity of reimbursing himself his expensrs 
in Ireland, that he t^hould then relinquish that government and be finally 
settled at the head of the Admiralty. Upf»n this state of the case yoo 
will readily i>erceive that his return to Ireland is in some degree qd- 
certain ; and you will lie apt to chink it the nion* so from the knowledge 
that you liave of his Excellency's uiwtmdiness. I have already ib- 
foroietl you that whatever may l>e his wishes, they will not in the least 
affect mine. Nothing I assure jou would give me greater pleaanie than 
to prolong and to confirm the friendships I have formed in Ireland, if 
Perry, }'ou, and I, and a few mon* an* of the siunc mind, I think we 
cannot liifily fail. What I have particularly to propose to you is* 
that if in the course of th<* summer thiTr shoidtl l»e a probability of a 
new I»nl Lieutenant beinfr ap|)ointi'd (of which 1 shall have the CAriicsi 
information) you should boat the trouble of an vx|MHlition into Englmid, 
I will havi* the pltMisure of meeting you at C'hestvr. It fieema to dm as 
if this might ;;rcRlly <'ontribut«* to answer all our purposes. An early 
connection with a ih'w (iovernment and csp<*i'ially in the nuuiner we 
sliall endeavour to form it for you, cannot 1m» diHailvantageoua. And I 
am sure of being a gainer by any plan tbnt will invei*!lc you to this side 
of thii water. It is re|M»rteil likewise thst the Parliament will meK in 
the beginning of OctoU-r. If that should !>«• the cast* you nmy take a 
montli of n verv interest in;; Session lief ore vonr attemlance in the Four 
Courts Hill Im* n4*i'e<*siiry. I wish much that you should hare an caafC 
idea of our Parliament lM*cau*«e it wt»uld satisfy vou much beClerwilh 
your own. Hrin;; the Kzaniinatc»r with yon. Perry is too good an 
Irishman e\'er to S4>t his f(M>t in tliis tyrannical countrr* I have a 
thousand ntk^ons for wisliing to M*e him, and I should bafc grasl 
pk'aftun* in cin*ulatin^ in Ireland, as *^>ofi as he was embarked, that he was 
come to negotiate an Union. Be so kind as to con t rail ict peremptorily 
every report about our not lieing likely to return. You will 


that the Scheme I have proposed to you is at a great distance. It ^^^i^^^ 
possibly may, and I hope never will be necessary, but let me know DovotreiDcosB* 
your opinion of it, if it should be so." — 

1762, July 7. Admiralty. — ^The Lords of the Admiralty to Lord 
Egremont. Relating to the safe custody of the prisoners of war of 
whom there were then at Plymouth alone 7,194. (Copy,) 

1762, July 9. Whitehall. — Lord Egremont to Lord Li^onier. 
Enclosing the last. 

1762, July 15. Hampton Court — W. Gerard Hamilton to John 
Hely Hutchinson. '* I am sorry because I conclude you are, that there 
is a necessity for your going the Munster Circuit upon the present 
occasion." . . . '^I am sure you have too much firmness and 
humanity to let those who are innocent be made a sacrifice to party and 
to personal resentment, and as to those who are guilty you and I and 
r,veryoDe I suppose wishes that they may be punished as they deserve. 
Burke and Mason are at dinner with me." 

1762, July 29. — Thomas Cole to Lord Ligonier. Enclosing a Scheme 
for attacking Ferrol, with map of the harbour and adjacent coast. 

1762, August 2. Hampton Court. — W. Gerard Hamilton to John 
Hely Hutchinson. 

'^ I think it is everything but determined that his Excellency should 
relinquish his government in April, and continue at the head of the 
Admiralty. That I may not lose the opportunity of writing to you by 
this night's post, and in hopes that this letter will find you upon vour 
visit at Leixlip, I shall waive for the present every other subject of our 
correspondence, and mention only what suggests itself to me as neces- 
sary to be done, in order to accomplish what I own I am, and what I 
flatter myself you are a little interested in, my return to Ireland ; and 
likewise to bring about a purpose or two which you seem to have at 
heart. While I am pointing out what may be done on your side of the 
water, you may imagine I am not negligent on mine. Every step 
which could be, has been taken, and every step which has been taken 
has succeeded. Nothing I think is more probable than that my being 
Secretary will be imposed as a condition upon any one who applies for 
the Lord Lieutenancy : and in that nomination it is also likely that I 
should be consulted. I need not suggest to you the advantageousness 
of my situation as Secretary, when I may possibly have been instru- 
mental in the appointment of the Lord Lieutenant, and when I am 
certain of being supported by the person who appointed him. I will 
mention to you not only the single thing which I wish at present to be 
done, but the manner likewise, in which I wish you would do it. . The 
Primate has probably communicated to you my last letter. In that I 
expressed very strongly my desire of returning to Ireland. You might 
very naturally observe to him upon this part of my letter, that what- 
ever might be the event, I must consider an ofier from him and the 
Speaker to promote any wish of this sort, as an instance of very 
singular friendship. As they are at present disposed to me, I am 
persuaded they would embrace this proposal readily, iind I think I 
could turn it to very good account. An offer from them, while the 
thing is yet in idea, of their friendship and assistance, will be much 
better than a request from me, after it has actually taken place. If 
this could be managed, and a general intimation to his Grace that his 
speaking favourably of me in his correspondence to Lord Mansfield and 
Lord G. Sackville, would be what I must necessarily be pleased with, I 


MSB. 01 nhould think our nej^>tiation was in a fair way, and that no other 
iSSoi^finiou. transaction nee<l, or oTon ought to lie entered into for the prpiient. I 
— ani clearly of opinion thut with but very little condoct, the IVimate 

may be made useful t<» us in this, and in almost any other instance. 
Ife is I think affectoil to us both, much in the same manner. He hu 
S4>mc de^rrei* of regard, and somo degroo of fear, and will nDt I think 
therefon', Ik* overfnnd of attempting to deceive \i<. For what«*Ter 
vituation your kind fiartiality may think me qualified, I am not soch a 
leviatlmn in niy dis|KK(itioii us to want nn ocean to sport in« and if my 
little IVime StTJeunt and 1 could but get the conduct of the vessel, I 
think we c(»uld pnddle about the Irish Channel, very much to our 
advantage and nmnsiMnent. 

As to what n*lal4's to your pension — 1 l)eg pardon, and wonder how 
f could make such a mistake, 1 mean your additional salary — I have a 
Kheme in viow whicli I wish most sincerely may take place. Weston, 
who is Secretary to Lord Bute, is in possession of an employment in 
the Custom^ calltMl Aliiasrer, the income of it is 5lN)/. |)er annum 
Lord Bute ha> di"*ire(i tlmt the tenun* which is ftir life, mny b^ 
ehange<l into 31 yours, that Weston may be at liberty to dii»|K)se ot it. 
I luive proposed to my Lord Lieutenant that your additional salarj 
should be given to Weston for the tiTUi desin.'d, and that hin enipluv- 
ment sh<»uld In* given either to your son or you f«ir lif**, or whiU wouM 
In* iH'tter, to \x^i\\. The t\V(» lives lu' <»bjected t(». The other |i«rt of 
the proposal upon my pressing him exirenn-ly, he .-^aid he wouUl 
consider, and 1 have not s«*eii him sincv. This in ii much I>eft4*r ihinp 
than what you proposeil t\\*o\ii being doint (*onstable ; but «liin*t de|irad 
«i|K)n it in the Iranr, its lN>ing done or not will In* entin*ly the elTeit of 
accident, and caprice. In.-te.'Kl of a s<'at at tin* ('«>uhcil Ii4»ard, I think 1 
can pnipose something which if attjiinalde, w<iulfl be far mon* \'aluable. 
Con 111 a i>eerag«' Im- ol>tH*ned fiir your wife, either from the prem*ni or 
the su(*ce«>diiig I^»nl Lii*iiti*n:tnt, and be limited ovi»r to your childrvo, 
it would ^<u^■ly be more de'tinible than any other thing whieh miild be 
t;iv«'n you. Your faniilv won hi Ih* established, vou mi«;ht eontinne in 
the Ifou'ie of Oimnioh'*, and in buMne<(s i%s loiig us it wa** usm-alil** le 
you. ami the Kxaniinator will inform y«>u that in the HunM't and evening 
c»f your liny, y(»ii might repose yours4*lf ujion the Hen<-li or in the IIoum* 
of Ixirils, UP if y<»u preferred it yon might have lN»th. 1 am gioil tliat 
Lill i> extrit'uteil mit of all his dithndties. The •ln!«tie«>!« | think 
rewardeil him not nidiaiidsoir.ely. J I is Sun and his Arrows did ailniir- 
ably. His Kxeellency would have ^ wallowed, if hi* luel -ent iheffl. 
the Firnmnient and tlx* Cjiiiver." 

1762, August (>. Hampton ('i>urf. — 'I'lii* Same to the 

**The plui'e lit AliiBtrcr is 7tH)/. |nt arnnini ami Wp<oq 
fmm M'»me olMinaey of lii<« own would ni»t .-utler it to In- exelumsEed for 
a {NMi'^iou tli(iu<:li ot e<iii:d value ; but my Ixirtl Lieutenant usMirv* mr 
tlwt he will eiideaxniir to put your MXU. upon «Miine t'lMiting ihftt nay 
\*f* mon- ai5ri'«*abli- to v<ni.'* 

17<»2, AnguM 9. Hjiriipton Court. — The Snnw to tin* Same. "I 
flalttTe(lextn*Mifl\ b\ tiri'liiii; we «-«iiiu'i<lesinnin'itelv not only in our wi*twg> 

• • • • 

but inoiir opiriiiMi a^tnthe methiHl ot Rec^Miipli-^hihgihtin. And I rrtaro 

von a th•M|^an(i thank-. \**v on** of the U-^t wrot«*. and wlint would vrrv 

■ • 

sufficiently havi- ri'e<iniMiiiiih*d it tii ine. hail it U^en oni* of th«* Wfifft, for 
the most friendly Iftter I e\er riM-i'ivrd. 1 ai;ree exurtlv with vou aa le 
the fiart. which it w«ie to U* nishitl my Lord I'rimaie wnuM take. Bol 
I doubt whether my vn*ilit with the inde|H*ntlent party, is a cirt'umstaiicc 


pon which he will choose to expatiate, as that I am afraid will operate UBS. ov 

lib him, rather as an objection than an inducement, but if he can be ^^vmSxm 

revailed upon, so much the better. Tisdale, from the consciousness — - 

tiat be is alienated from the Primate, and from your visit to Leixlip, 

ertainly will suspect, what jou seem to think you have discovered ; his 

trace's preference for a Prime Serjeant, to an Attorney-General. And 

nless care is taken, I should think it extremely probable that through 

he interposition of Bell[ingham] Boyle, both the Attorney and Solicitor 

hoald connect themselves with Lord Shannon. I am strengthened in 

his opinion, from something which has occurred lately. Amongst the 

ompetitors for the government of Irelimd, Lord Gk)wer is one. If that 

hould take place, Wood, the great friend of Bell. Boyle is destined for 

OS secretary. And I know there was much reliance upon the assistance 

if Lord Slumnon and Tisdale through Boyle, and upon Jack Gore and 

jord Annaly through Rigby. If the Primate is displeased upon account 

»f the emulation of sentiment, he has no right to complain of want of 

x>mmunication from me, but of want of sagacity in himself. I hinted 

requently, both to him and Cunninghame, that the offer might possibly 

lot be accepted. I could not tell them explicitly that it would not, 

irithont a breach of trust. They treated what I said, not only with 

lisbelief, but with ridicule. And they not only did not see, but they 

;ven would not see when it was pointed out to them, that a vain and a 

^erons man, could never act like a niggardly, and an interested one. 

rhoee complaints which the Primate has made to you in person, 

>f my Lord Lieutenant's treatment, he has frequently made to me 

)y letter. I am at a loss in what manner to conduct myself. What it is 

mpossible for me to approve, it is in my situation improper for me to 

censure, publicly. And every private opinion which is imparted to the 

Primate, runs no small hazard of being soon a public one ; but I profess 

my Lord Lieutenant's conduct is, I do not say unjustifiable, because he 

possibly may have his reasons, but it is to me unaccountable. The 

Justices and their friends have most certainly a right to be considered. 

The demands they have made are, in my Lord Lieutenant's own opinion 

moderate ; and even these were not made till the session was actually 

closed. I was very sanguine in my hopes that aU his obligations of tins 

sort would be discharged in a week after we left Ireland ; and they 

certainly ought to have been, for the sake of government in general, as 

well as for our own particular interest, if we ever thought of returning. 

But why so fair an opportunity of obliging so many people was lost, I 

never could discover ; nor do I believe it arises from any other cause 

than indolence and inattention. What you say of Perry, and what you 

propose to say to him, are both equally proper ; he not only is, but he 

ought to be, trusted. You are aware of his disinclination to enter into 

positive engagements, and I profess that I should choose to have the 

<Antmuance of his friendship flow from the continuance of his good 

opinion ; and it will be much more pleasing to have it arise from convic- 

^ than from compact. But the circulating in the manner you propose 

^ Mason, and to Andrews his wishes for my return, with an intimation 

^at another secretary might pass his time but very unpleasantly, would 

ftt once answer our purposes, and not interfere with his resolutions. If 

I sbould obtain the employment which I wish for, you are desirous of 

l^nowing, and I have no desire to conceal, the motive of my return. The 

reason for preferring an office of income, of influence, and of credit, 

must, I am persuaded very readily, suggest themselves. Be assured that 

love does not in this case, nor ever did in any, for more than a week, 

influence my conduct in the least ; but if it had any weight, it would 

certainly be on the other side. Nothing is more evident to me, than 


MBS. Of that ray continuance in Ireland instead of retanling, will very nwciHiaUj 
jSvoi^^irMORi. promote my progress in England ; and that these two situationa will aHM 
— each other, and will enable me to assist my friends. The dinsgrwlik 

part of life is in gi*neral, the sameness and repetition of it ; change, for 
its own sake merely, is desirable. But in this case I think it will be adfu- 
tageous, and what you know has more weight with me« from the friend- 
ships I have formed, I am sure it will be pleasing. If the thing couM bi 
conducUnl in the manner that I wish wu might easily contrive to ei\joj tvo 
of the greatest pleasures imaginable, to live with those we love, and to be 
of sorvic(* to those whom wje esteem. The secretary's fee will be aii 
argument not against, but for, us; it must be better that one ahoaU 
return, wlio h&«4 got his fe<*, tlmu another, who has it still to get. Lili 
in his Itist letter mentions a Itargain tliat might be made with Tisdale, 
but lie is silent as to the reason he has for thinking that the Atlomcy 
would approve of it. Will you negociate this affair if tod are of opinioo 
then* is any pn»l>ability of succchh ; might not the Primate lie called in. 
You might suggest to him two inducements ; a desire of nerving mr, 
and a wish to prevent any other considerable office from being dispoMd 
of out of tlie kiiigdom. The first woultl operate a little, and the last a 
great deal with him. If I ohtaine<l the Chancellorship, 1 would at SDjr 
time resign it for the Secretaryship, upon its being made cqnaL I will 
take care of I^oyd and of the captain of marines you mention. I oonfaM 
I am nf»t niiieh Murprised at the ] popularity of our government coutinning. 
We had evrry advantage from shew and outside and though we neglected 
many thin;rs which < night t<i have been done, yet we did nothing which 
is v«*ry «*xci'ptioiial)le, and the commission of one wrong thing, lay* • 
gov«*riiin('fir, or an individual mon* opi*n, than the omission of fifty right 
on<*s. WhiiteviT discourse your neighl»our [the Prinmti*] may bold m 
to that part of theaihniiiistnition which f(*ll to the share of the Secrvtiry, 
I can ff >i-givc. 1 really am sorry for his luusasiness, and I am more M^ 
that I am the orcasioii of it. I have unfortunately incurretl the onuon 
without ri'iipin;; the Hit infliction. JUit as to what ri'lati^s to my Lon! 
LifUteiiant hi** lor<)>hip is ratluT insincere. He has had many tbiag^ 
done at his nMpi«*st, and hi* has acknowledgt'il his obligations to hi* 
Kxt'flh'Mey, witli very strong professions of repird, an«l with a nfy 
suffii-ii-nt (plant ity oi' very awkward mlulatioii. If this letter shoaU 
rr»ch you hftun' you ktive l>uhliu, lie S4> obliging as to hiat to 
the Primuti- tlmt I have lN*en in the country at Smith's for flOB^ 
tim«* pHst, and that I will write to him in a d^w days. As oflfD 
n^ anythin<; !i«*w iNfurs that I think may faeilitxite our negodatioafc 
you Miuli ht'ur from niu. I have much pleiHiirf in th inking ^ 
tlii«i niliat hy Irtt<T, will nt'xt summer Ik' a eabal in {nthoii at }Iafflpl0> 
Court, anil tin* winter following I hope, in Dublin : and unless jou ^ 
a Very principal part, not only in the eonirivanee and the condodf h^ 
in tho mUniitagf^ rr-iilting from it, my end will hi* an<»weriNl bat vtf7 
imfxTfei'tly. 'l'li«Tf i** not anything, whieh yoxi ean wi.ih yournelf, th*^ 
I do not wi-h you most riincvMy, and whieh I will not ronporale with 
you in promoting to thv utmost of my ]M)wer. I havi* the flrv*^ 
rcliamv u|M(n your inti-grity. and the utino^t otMitidenet* in your fri0ii'' 
chip. Our •situations are ^ueh that w«* cannot int<*rten*, and ihat*^ 
may as*«i.'4t om- another. I have alrea«ly had, and am c*ertain I ahiVj* 
>hull havt' iuu«*h Niti^^tai-tion in acting in eonjunction with yoo." 

ITli'J, AuguM 10. Niw York.--Coloml Andirrst to Mr. C. Co*- 
Ha\c ju-l Ih-i-ii ap|Huntiil to tin' romninndof a body of trotips todiilo^P' 
tilt- i'n(*my fniin their m-w ai'fpiixjtion «•!' tht* Inland of NcwfunniHi*^ 
Will sail tor Halifax in two days. 


»tember 2. Hampton Coort. — W. Grerard Hamilton to John MSS. ov 

lusuu. DowoueHMoai. 

)gftrd to Walshe's trial I am totally indifferent. I even think — 

nsferring it to Dublin, as you are to conduct it, will be rather 

IS than otherwise. The pointing out to the public, that 

imient was unwilling to involve in the penalties of construc- 

1, sQcn as from the lowness of their condition must be 

Dorant of its nature, it was at the same time desirous of 

8 rigorously as possible the law upon those who had not the 

i of ignorance to plead, will in my opinion be establishing a 

very serviceable to administration. Whether the crimes 

nst Walsh, do or do not amount to constructive treason, is a 

w, and will I suppose be argued by counsel. Culprit I hope 

^fdone, Perry and Fitzgibbon. The Primate has wrote to 

proper letter, in cousequence of your conversation. But 

some particulars which demonstrate very clearly that he 

was concerted between us^ and that it did not arise entirely 


ptember 7. Hampton Court. — The Same to the Same, 
ing him on having ** gone through your Munster voyage not 
ifety but with honour, and that you have steered your good 
;tle Prime Serjeant, through rocks and quicksands." . . • 
) been enabled not merely to go through but to convert to 
age one of those doubtful situations through which a Tisdale 
could never have escaped unhurt." 

tober 14. Hampton Court. — The Same to the Same, 
not possibly omit informing you by this post that Lord 
\ accepted the employment of Secretary of State ; of which I 
word to the Primate to whom I must beg leave to refer you 
particulars. He continues in the Government of Ireland in 
anner as when he held the Admiralty. The confused situa- 
ytbiug in this country renders the fate of all individuals 

tober 19. Hampton Court. The Same to the Same, 
fame of your circuit was quicker than your own account of it, 
you a few congratulatory lines from the first effusion of my 
•e I received your letter. I now repeat to you upon reflection, 
Dcere congratulations. I pity your fatigue, I admire your 

rejoice in your good fortune, but I love your dexterity. The 

ut thanking Government in the Tipperary address, was 

The number of cabals we have held together have 

convinced me, that this part was managed wholly without 
•osition, and came upon you quite unexpected. My lady s 
a very adroit little fellow. As the gratitude of the Grand 
vemment upon your account was entirely their own genuine 
was not at all suggested to them by your means, I took an 
r of expatiating to His Excellency upon the service and credit 
itration had received from your assistance; a circumstance 
1 I could not have said a word, had I suspected there was 
ke contrivance in the compliment. Seriously, these Munster 
are highly obliged to Government for sending to them a 
ibie of restoring them to their senses, and Government if it 
)f feeling and acknowledging any obligation, is much obliged 
having quieted the only real disturbers of the public peace, 
lemen levellers. It often happens that there is as much 


MM. ov addreM reqniaite to reconcile tliem to the beat aa to the worst meMnra. 
lH)vnu(tnMoBaii ^^^ though it is provoking thnt it shouhl be so, vet the fact is» that 
""^ pvatcr art is Hometimea necessary to set oft* an honest man, than to 

disguise a rogue. Theac thoughts lead me, without any very nnnataril 
transition, to our great KcclL*siiistic tho IMmatc. You conducted, I 
think 9 the nrgotiatiou about the letterH he was to write to England, as 
well sm poHHiblo. Hin entertaining some suspicions was unavoidable: 
and he has porfonned his promise as far as relates to Lord Mansfield, in 
the moat handsome manner imaginable. 1 wrote to him by the last port 
to thank him for liis kindncsa u|>on thia occasion. But the transactMO 
I mentioneil in the l(.*tter I si-nt to you by Mitchell waa not then aK oo 
foot, and I think it far from being unlikely that he would retrart what 
he wrote, and that Cnuniiighauie may be aent oyvr for that purposi'- 
tlohnny Magi II iiitbrms iiic that Lord l^yle haa unexpectedly wrote to 
him of his intiMuliiig to Im> soon in London ; is it imiMissiblc that thi« 
niny Ixfunother pnrt of Hell. iiuylitV plan, and that ho eoniea to negutiate 
with my Lord Lieut<'nant*H successor. Walaingham &>iiun*a me he viil 
UH* all liis «-iiileiivourH with Lnid Hoyh', t(» do nn<l say I'very thing that 
1 can wi>h, and though I do, lit* does not make the >>nialU-st dotd»( of 
his surcc^s. CoiiM not suiiic pr«'paratory sti*]»s with the Bishop of 
Clovni* pave thr way ior what 1 wish in this instance. I had 

• a • 

hoard l>etore tin* n-o'ipt of yonr letter of some disagi i*ement between 
the lYiinute and Spe.'ikrr. That very game whirh his Grace wi* 
playing la^t winter iiik)ii Lord Shannon, under the auspices of Ti^iUI' 
anil Lord Hoyli\ Lor«l S!ianni)n is now playing upon him ; and that i^ 
till* giving ii]i 1)1' a trw (Hijnts in ho{>es of succeeding to the attachiutDt 
ot* tilt* I'riiiiiili''.'- triciidi* u]>om the Primate's death, thi^ tables U-iof; 
turiieil with respect to tin* pn»<']>ect of sui'vivor>hip, Ijord S. ho|>iDi! 
from the stri-ngtli of his eon«*titution, what thi' I'riniate reHM>iial'lv 
iiii;:lit expet't rrniii tin* i*f nature. Say for nie to the Sprtker, 
eviTVthing wliieh ynii think I ought t(» ;;uy for myself, lunl remind bio) 
of what he told nif iiion- titan om-c, that writing t4i him, and to tb^ 
I'rimate, lie .-hoiild i-on-'itler as thr same thing. Though nothing hai 
p:issi il -iiioi' piy nfurii tn Knglaiid, in relation to tin- ( 'hancellorehip ^ 
th<' Kxrlu-ipHT, yrt 1 liavi' naMiii to lM.'lifve that tin* |iiomiK* which v^* 
loii^ sij^o iiiaile, may n(*w po»iMy lie t-*>un ]>i'ri'ormed. 1 have alwaf* 
sii<ipi rted th:it the Attmniy and Solieiiur Griieral might lake dii* 
upptirt unity of »howlii>; their iiUlinnifiur. and though thi'ir n*«i»taiHY 
would ^Igiiily but lilt If, yet it would U* dis:igieiiible to m<t*t with aat 
itppoaitiou in im atfaiir of this niitup'. I uni at a los'^ tu know huv lar ^t 
i<* in their [tovii r t«i ol»>trUi't it, but in order to take from ihem ererr 
preti mv tor ohji'ttiiig. niit:ht not it 1h> prudent K* have the grant Jrava 
exaetly upon tin* ni(M|i-| ot Ifi^'hy's, to whieli they Uith have act tb*^ 
hand-, nritl to w hieh ihey ne\er iai>ed any objeetion. Ik' mi obli|Pff 
as to eoriMilt rn/LnlilMiii u)Kiii this head, with a thousiunl thanks to kis> 
for his 4ii»iitioii. ami us manv intreatie.s foi his further adviee. Let V 
know what \on think jointly. Flatter .laek ( iore tor nn* ; hr v^ 
ren*-w«Ml tie' refpu •>( he mihle to me through your nn-ans, mid I ba*' 
wroti' to him a very ei\il letter. Mentiiui to 'I'ljitlale that though it *' 
not iu niv ihiuit tn proini:.*-. 1 eiTtainlv nill emlmvour in ►en*e I'apt- 
Mitrgun, it he i* in thi* lea^t M»liritoiiH for it lN'f<ire the time at wbicB i' 
is priiltaMe my I^'i<l Lieniennnt will Irave the Govern men i, and that I 
^hall In- thi* lutire t.'irrit -t ui my eri<leiiv(»iirft, bivauM' the littU* likrlibo<^ 
theii* is nf niy n-tMininL' to IreLind mu*«t satisfy him, 1 have do o^bcf 
motive than the pha^ure ot' ohliiiiiig him. Your name and Fitagibboi^^ 
1 think Hill pro\v t)i<- law t«i be s<iund. \* to anv other inviJio*'^ 
circumatancis, when tlh- thing take^ pliu-V, (of which I will give J^ 


timelj notice) recouTse must be had to the Primate, who will probably MSB. ov 

fine create a great deal of dissatisfaction and then endeavour to lay it. i^Sro^^rao. 

As I happen to have read the depositions against Hiudle, I think you -*- 

was in die right not to give your reasons to the Privy Council for having 

bailed him. But it is now immaterial, that humane gentl^nan being in 

custody and none of those who made oath against him, having been 

bound over to prosecute him. My Lord Lieutenant will not burthen 

the Establishment to make vacancies in the law, but if any should 

happen in the course of the next six months, my interest shall be exerted 

to the utmost for Patterson and Harward.'' 

1762, November 10. Privy Garden. — ^The Same to the Same. 

'^ I come this instant from receiving much and very authentic intelli- 
gence in relation to the Irish Secretaryship. It is become here an 
object of great competition. Let me submit some considerations to you 
upon this topic, think them over seriously, and let me know your 
opinion. Much as I rely upon your judgment, I rely still more on your 
friendship and affection. I will be guided entirely by what jou think; 
but as I know your warmth and disinterestedness in your friendships, 
let me entreat you that, as what I propose is to be carried on by a com- 
mon effort, it may not be engaged in, unless it appears to you, as I 
profess it does to me, for our common advantage. I shall throw down 
what I have to say without reasoning on it, which I think unnecessary, 
and without connection, for which I have not time. Two plans are on 
foot for the Secretaryship, from both of which I shall be excluded, and 
in neither of which you will be perfectly included. One, a secretary (I 
have reason to think a Scotchman) to be in Parliament ; the other, 
a secretary, out of Parliament; the House of Commons to be con- 
ducted by Tisdale. The latter plan is the one I think the most 
likely to take place. The Secretary is not to be Wood, but General 
Waldgrave, and the Lord Lieutenant my Lord Gower. Both these 
plans, as I profess to you, I wish to defeat, and to prevent, if I can, 
from taking place at all; which roust be done by my own means 
here ; and afterwards from continuing, if they should take place, which 
must be done by your means in Ireland. Nothing is more evident to 
me than, tliat if I was to return to you again as Secretary, I might 
continue in possession of that employment, so long as we pleased ; and 
I am clear, that advantages more extensive, and on a much wider plan 
might be obtained in Ireland, than has hitherto been projected by any- 
one in your situation or mine. It has often struck me that such a body 
of friends might be made in Parliament, and attached particularly to 
ourselves, consisting partly of those who are already elected, and partly 
of those who might gradually be introduced there, as would form, with 
the power inseparable from Government, a body, which, under our con- 
duct, would be very respectable. What con^rms me in this is, that 
whenever a judgeship or a peerage was asked for any person in Parlia- 
ment, an offer was constantly made to government of the seat which 
should be vacated. If these opportunities which occur so very frequently 
were constantly made use of, it would lead to such a system, as it is 
very needless to your sagacity to explain. When I relinquish Ireland 
entirely that strength would confer on you an importance which cannot 
otherwise l)0 acquired, by putting together abilities and numbers, which 
separately are formidable but which united are irresistible. In aid of 
this the first places in the law and consequently the lead of the Commons 
will be in the bands of Patterson and such men as we can trust, not to 
mention my efforts here in each alternate Session of Parliament. Perry 
would be of the last importance to our plan. Do you think his affection 


Of for us wourd induce him to co-o|)erate. Irelaod, in 017 opinion, upon 
na Bakl Of ihia plan would become a serious and 6olid object of ambition. Lei me 
~ ' submit to you whether jou might not have an opportonity of probin|( 
the Solicitor (xc-neral and of discovering whether he is made a partj to 
Tisdale's plan, hy renewing to him the proposition which he made tu 
JOU in the last Set«ian, of uniting upon the coming of a now Lord Lien- 
tenant, and jou may likewise suggest to him, that from the rumours joa 
have heani, of a Secretary being out of Parliament, your union will be 
much nion* effectual and if you should approve of the plan I propose, 
you may |H>:iyibly make him lake part in it without letting him know 
vour object at large. Let me know your opinion aH soon as joa have 
formed it. I can only say I am willing to risk anything, and to embark 
in any thin;;. My business in the meantime shall Ix.*, to procare jroa 
everything; I can fnmi I/ord H[alifax]. Ijot me entreat you to destroy 
this l«>tt(*r AS soon as you have made yourself master of it, and to let me 
know the exact day upon which you receive it. 

Novend)er II. — Since 1 have wroti' thus far I have received yoar Tery 
affection Htc li*ttor of the fourth. From tho com|iany, the Cabal ai 
Stillorpiii,an(l from the scvenl circumstances of the Primate's conversa- 
tion, I colh't't thi'M* two things, that the iViniato bos b«>trayeil ua, thai 
some op|)osit ion will be mu<lc to the employment of Chancellor of the 
Kxrhequ(*r. Cannot you contrive* to sound my IjOhI Chancellor (ml a 
very great distance indeed) ui)on this heatl ? If he ha^ l>een applied to 
by the Priniati' or Mulonc, he will probably mention it to you. Doii*t 
you think thui h«^ would uct u|X)n the authority of Fitzgibbon's opinioii 
and yours. Your clerk shiiU t*«*rtainly luive the custody of the SeaL 
I)(»n*t for (rinlV Mike U' dispirited, and throw yourself away by accepting 
the Chief tJastiecsliip until you are ri|)e, f»r rather n>tten for il. From 
nature yo:i 111 11 ^^t survive Tisdale as well as ex 04*1 him, and them Ibe 
managem«'nt of tho House (»f Commons will lie your own withoul a 
rival. Cuiiiiinghame is here, and makes t4» me the strongest protoeta* 
tions of gratitude iiml siuoi*rity and I should b<' very apt to Iielievehin, 
if I did not know tht* scIkkiI in which he ha*! I»cen educatiKl. if Parry 
and you, through a M'use of your own dignity, and through jour 
teiiaciousiu'>s of a friendship for one who will i*ver iN^ur you in remen- 
bnui((>. slioulil In* <lriv«-u into Piitriotism, 1 think it not impossible ihal 
1 ^lioiiM hi' sent f<»r, in HlK)iit six wtsrks ufter th«* ims'tiiig of ParliMnent. 
My cHMilid opinion in this, thul fmrtly in r«-sentm«Mit for your oppoailicia 
to Kijfby, iind partly for your aflfection to me, and not without perhaps 
iMinie mixture (»f re;;Anl for Tisdale, the intention is, that you ahoaU 
stand juM a^ unnotiiM-il by <fovernment next SesMnn, as the AttomeTand 
S«ili('itor did IilM. Cjmih the whule, l«'t ni«' entniil yuu to coDsnll my 
inten*st ami wi>*)ies no farther than thi*v lure stricllv cunfiuitent with xomr 


own. I havi- tnM ymi what I >houid like, but I should dislike anjtiiing 
that eoutil In- priHliirtive <if the least iiici»nveniene«> tiiyou. If yoa ihtiik 
pro{ier, enniniiniii'ule my iih'a t<» Perry and t«>ll him how much 1 hftve 
it at h«*art. It' it is your wish tu en;;ag«* with the next govemmeni, I 
would havf you t:ik«* the earliest op|H»rt unity of infonning Andrew«» 
th.M you will Im* MVNiiid to no one in tlie Iri^li llous** of Commons. 
Pt'rrv will \iT\ n-aiiiv I'X press lijs ('•ti station of a Session condudad 
by rlif .liiMii'f*. At all ev«*nts I niu*>t iiisi>t uptm your s|iending aoaae 
fiart of fii'xt •iuMHiier with mi* at Hampton Court. When you eome to 
Knglami I will ;:o witit ytni mvM'lf to tin* liord Lieutenant. I will MT 
every thin;; of voii wliieh justiec, gnititude, and atfis'tion can dictate. I 
will I'xplHin tii him liow much nion* it \> for his inten*sl than tor yoarv 
that you should ni>t only Ih* fugaf^csl in the eonduct «>f his affiun* tat 
tlint yttu **liuul«l U* the priiK*i|Mil conductor uf thvui. Ytiu will ihen to 


able to judge whether the part which will be allotted to you by govern- ms8. of 
ment is such as you can take consistently with your rank and with your j^^^* *^*^ <^* 
ability. If it is and you choose to take it let my wishes be laid quite ' — 
out of the question ; but if what I rather suspect should prove to be the 
case ; that upon my being excluded you are to be kept subservient : I 
shall be ready to join in such measures as our common inclinations 
shall dictate and which I profess in my opinion cannot fail of 
answering our common purposes. 

Postscript. — ^The Policy of a Secretary out of Parliament has its rise in 
two things. In the impossibility of letting a place of 3,000/. go out of 
their own knot ; and in a bon nwt of Bigbj^'s at Arthur's that as all Irish 
members of Parliament abuse, it is proper that they should only abuse 
each other." 

1762, December 4. — The Same to the Same. 

'* What I proposed was upon a supposition that it would be advan- 
tageous and equally advantageous to us both. I then thought, and still 
think, that the scheme is practicable ; and the only thing which appears 
in the least discouraging in it, is the time that would necessarily be 
required to bring it about, but when it was brought about, I think the 
entire management of Ireland would be no unpleasant circumstance. 
But if I am mistaken in my judgment, I shall relinquish the idea (which 
I took up upon much consideration) immediately. You know Perry 
better than I do. But I thought a plan of this sort might possibly 
captivate him. Whatever he may mean for himself personally we know 
he has a sort of yielding mind which disposes him to oblige. And I 
think his wishes of that sort will not diminish by his marriage. When 

you see him let him know that I wrote to him upon that occasion 

With respect to this countiy, everything continues unsettled ; and with 
respect to Ireland nothing, I think, is certain, except that Lord Gower 
will not be the Lord Lieutenant. What is most probable, as things are 
now circumstanced, is that Lord Waldgrave will be Lord Lieutenant 
and his brother the General will be the Secretary ; and that things will 
be arranged much as they would have been, if Lord Gower bad been 
your Governor. I must now inform you that there is not an English 
lawyer who will advise a non-obstante ; and therefore unless Fitz- 
Gibbon (to whom I am obliged for his kindness, and to whom I will 
write in a few days) thinks the Chancellorship of the Exchequer can be 
granted in the same manner with the Master of the llolls, I must much 
against my inclination, turn my thoughts to some other object. You 
may imagine among other things, that Weston's employment has not 
escaped me. But be assured that while there is the least probability of 
obtaining it for you, I will not pursue it. But you must be sensible 
that my Lord Lieutenant having now no further thoughts of Ireland, 
and having many engagements to discharge to his own private friends 
here, will be as averse as possible to loading the establishment, 
even to the amount of a shilling, except fur his own particular pur- 
poses. What I would recommend to you is this. Obtain from Waite 
the name of some insijinificant employment and write a letter to 
me (I mean an ostensible one) desiring that your additional salary 
may be annexed to that employment for your own and for your son's 
life. From my Lord Lieutenant's way of Ihiuking, I know that 
he is more likely to comply with this request, than with any 
which may bring an additional charge upon the establishment ; but I 
must likewise inform you that in his Excellency's present disposition 
with regard to Ireland, I cannot be responsible for his solicitude to 
oblige any individual in the kingdom, though you really are, as you 

U 60050. Q 


MAS. 07 ought to bo, miioli bettor in hi9 opinion than any other peraon. If I 
Iio°orViriioBi:. ^^^V ^^^^ *'^'"^ of (Mirincfllor of the Exchequer for myself, do you wbh 
"^ that (iinpracticublc ns it may 84M'm at pivsent) I should try to get it for 

you ? Wliilc you arc conMiltin<^ Waito n]K)n your own account, conAuU 
him like wist! upon mi no : lot him know what I have mentioned to yon 
altout the non-tifixtantc^ ami a<«k liim, if thin scheme fails me, what 
object ho thinks it wouM bo most dosirablo for me to pursue. Cun- 
ninuhamo i^ hons ami returns to Irelatid at Christmas. Ue is exceed- 
infrly >ly, and thoii;;h I ran not prodiico any absolute overt acts, I 
iH'licvr, o X 01 'Cilinr'lv iii-inooro. Lot me hint to you that there is a seberoo 
hnMicIti'd h»*n' by tin* IVimatr, ami crirculati'd overy whore by CunQing- 
hamo, that tho|H'opli' in Ireland wisli ior nothing so much as to keep up 
18 or 20 ihouriand men. His (iraoo aoknowlodgos that if all the duties, 
which have bfiMi laid in tbi* course of tho war, arc continued after the 
|>oace, thoy will yet, froin tho inorease of the civil establishment, and 
other eirrumstancos, fall >hort oO,CXK>/. a year of what will be necessary 
for keopin<; up the usual i2,lKK) mon. Hut notwithstanding that, since 
Irelaml wishes it thry ouirht to be indulj^ed (and the amannensis says 
that if th«?y wish so, lu* thinks thoy well deserve to bo so indulged). His 
GraooV objects in this proftosition I taku to bo three. The first is to 
recommend himself to English (fovernment here, by thist extraordinary 
propO'^al ; tlie sei'ond to kct^p up Lonl I)ro^he<la*s regiment ; the 
third is to render tho <iovernmont that ^04's there as unpopular as 
|K>ssil)lo, t!iat ho may makt* himself as useful to them as |iOs>ibIu. What 
makes mo inontinn this t«) you |mrtiru1arly, is, that you may not engagi* 
your-<ll' with n'<;ard to this measure, whioh will proliably be the trying 
one in the eourM' of next Sessinn, ami it will always be time enough for 
you to i]< flare y^ur opinion after yDU have determined to take yoor 

1T<)2. — ** \aA of his Cathulie Majesty's Xaval Forces in Europe, tli«» 
West Indi«'S, &e." 

1703, January lo. — .John \\v\y IIutcLiiison to [AV. Gcranl Hamilton ?\ 
Uolaiin;; to the <Iate at whicli tlieoiith taken hy the Irish Chancellor of 
the K\« hoi pier was drawn up and whether tho offiet* was regarded 
by tie* fnimors of it as a miniMeiial or judicial one. "The word 
' IIi;:l»ne*s' i^rd Coke says wa.s thi* royal tttile before II. 8, but the 
fact was nf»t so in this kin^iiom. I have carefully Umked through the 
I lid Iri^Ii Statutes upon thi*< (xraMon and I cannot find any instancr 
where lli;rli!ie«- wiis applied tt» the Kin^ in any of thosi^ Aetn till thi* 
lis 11. \ an'l from tin inv to the I!e<«:Mr:ition the word freqm^ntly 
oocur-i i:i tin -e Acts in evi-rv rei^rn " 

[ 17<»3. — W. fleranl Hamilton t<» .Inhn Holy ITutohins^in. 

'* I ha\e reoeiveij :dl tlie l«-tters wliieli you mention, and the serefBl 
papors eiiel.iM-d nlritive ti> the Diaiict-llor of the Kxehe<|ner wUeh I 
atn persuad«-d will <;ivi- |N>ift'et Miti^faetinn to the Attorney an«l Solicitor 
(iener.'d. As I hav«* ni>t !»••. n abli* to liHn;; this affair to a conchMBon 
with my Ix>ril Lieutenant iiotwith?^taiiflin;; the promi^ies whiek have 
Iteen ma«lo from week t<i week, yen will net l>e surpritcil if tke 
Al hater's employment meets with tiiore ilelay than you wishedt ^ H^it^ 
I hi*|i«'d fiif. I have endoavnureil to prevail u|)on his ExCf4leoCT In 
write to you upiin this Mibjeet, in sii>-!i w manner, ns I thought, woaU be 
ii4iii-*f::etory. Ho li;i.s pl-l•mi^ed mi>re than onee to comply vitb By 
r«-*]ii*-Mt, and whether h«* has pirfi>rnifl ]i;<. promise I ma*ct leave yoa to 
judi;*'. lie trild me in onr last e<in\i'r'>:i<iiin that it was ni^odlen for kin 
to form nny n-^/ution till the !.•>•;> •li.-it ion l»i*lw^en Weston and Sir 


Harry Cavendish was at an end ; the truth of the matter is, that the M8S. ov 
same dilatoriness with which his Excellency proceeds in all other i^^to^obi. 
business attends him in this. I can perceive clearly that he wants to ~— 

evade giving a positive promise but I am as clearly of opinion (I must 
beg th£^ you wUl observe that it is my opinion only) that he will com- 
ply with your request before he leaves the Government. Notwith- 
standing the variety of persons who have been named to succeed to the 
Lord Lieutenancy, everything with respect to that particular remains 
as unsettled as ever. No other person being nominated^ a report 
prevails that Lord Halifax will return, I believe without any grounds, 
but pray what is your opinion if that should be the case ? Will the 
Justices forget or forgive this delay in the performance of his promises 
which they justly consider as almost equivalent to a breach of them. 
The measure of the 18,000 men has I believe iutimidated some persons 
to whom this employment has been offered. Since I wrote to you last 
two changes have been made in this plan. The Horse are not to be 
reduced to Dragoons, and instead of 25 battallions of foot, consisting of 
500 of each, thirty-five are to be kept up, consisting only of 300. 
By these changes you will observe that everything which is frugal 
is dropped, and everything which is expensive is adopted. Tiiere 
is a great diversity of opinion amongst the lawyers whether the 
statute of King William was only a temporary regulation, confined 
to the Army then to be disbanded, or a perpetual constitutional 
Act. The idea of the increase of the Revenue far beyond the truth, 
has been propagated not only in Dublin but in London. I wish that 
you would send me the most particular information with respect both 
to fiicts and opinions upon this subject. I have taken some pains, and 
I flatter myself tliat I understand the question, so far as my lights go, 
but, like a true Member of Parliament, I am open to conviction, that is, 
I know not what part I shall take^ I have already explained to you 
in general my wishes about returning to Ireland. You must imagine 
that an augmentation of the Army, which will render my office much more 
profitable, does not make it less desirable. The little character I have 
acquired I am determined not to throw away ; and I am from my con- 
stitution more solicitous, both in point of fortune and reputation, to 
preserve what I have, than to add to it what I have not, and you may 
believe that neither my friendship for Yentidius, of which you judge 
rightly, nor my love for Cleopatra, about which you are not altogether 
mistaken, will ever make me engage in a measure, not which I don't 
think eligible (for that's the affair of Government in England who 
prescribe it^ but which I don't think practicable, and this I take to be 
the afEair of those who are to carry it into executiou. The Primate is 
the person who has proposed, and who has pledged himself for the 
success of this measure to English Grovemment. I have had letters 
from him upon this subject ; and I should suppose he would set in a 
light as advantageous as possible, both the produce of the revenue and 
the resources of the country ; I have already mentioned to you what he 
says upon the first of these articles, I will now tell you what he says as 
to the second. His resources are, a saving of the Parliamentary 
grants ; a circumstance which will ingratiate us exceedingly with all 
Uie country gentlemen ; the advantages which will arise from the 
better collection of the revenue on the plan of Sir Richard Cox by 
augmenting the number of Custom House officers, by which a large 
expense is to be incurred, to be defrayed by a profit which may never 
accrue ; the advantages which he thinks England will give (and which 
I am sure it will not give) Ireland in trade; and next (if you doubt me, 
I will enclose you his letter) he thinks the annual running in debt will 



Mss. or Ik? n cood thin«r- Willi resiu'Ct to i\ laml tax lie favb *wc lUinll not lie 
l)>.Nor(*iiii<LL. loriH'«l tu tins inviiiifuis r«'rM>iircc /// otive, 1 iua si'licroc, witii a new 

Stamp Duty, with n new duty nii Iciithcr, mid with an fulditional ezcifli' 
oil hiHT (it* wo may judire hy thi-^ country no popular way of rai^Dg 
mont'y, and it' wc luay jiid^<^ by Iri'iand, no very (*tUvtiial way) form ihi' 
wholf nf tltt' oxpifdii'uts ho has t!ioii<;ht lit to ci»inmuiiicato for carrjinp 
this nioa^iiru into execution. 1 u^^ree with you in thinking an army 
is nen^^ary in Ireland for tho IVoti'Mtint int.-re^t ; but pray is an armj 
of 1K.(MH» men ncressarv ? because if it i:^ 1 lament von r condition 
8iuccrely ; you never will hnvo it : if the ptit/intj for 18,(K)0 men ia for 
tho iN'uetit of the Protestant interest this measure is a ri';ht one.*' 
(Fmj>crJ\rt, cud iitsf.) 

ITft.'l, January 29. Privv fJarden. — The Sumo to the Same. 

*' I have S4n'n Western. He told me he had wrote to Waite. 1 did not 
p«M*<'eive that ymir suspicions of his hein;; out of hnmour were well 
frrounded. What he insists u)H>n is that his place sliouhl In? ^tdued 
at Tot)/, per aTinum, whi<'h he >ays it aetually pHNhiees that joa 
MiouM pin-cha*.!' the !t'^/. ah-ohilely, rind that everything ahonld be 
finally Hi'ttl«*d by ihe Hrd of April. This last condititui I obtained from 
him, tliat b-in;: tin* day on whieii my Lonl Lieutenant id to relinquish 
the <riiV<M*nm«*nt. 

*'The Kxauiinsitor nientioueil some time since that then? were tho^e 

who were endenviiMntiT to circulati* :in idea lliat my retuniin||; ii^ 

Secret arv would r:iihi*r rctiinl than tie'iliia'e husiness. I liave latelr, 

nml not till lalflv, ftmnd that there i- Mim«' truth in this i(h*a. It ha*» 

Ihvii <'o!ivry('d ti> Ki;;by thnt in the l:e^t >|»"ech I made, I abuseil aU 

ranks and otdi'r^ of nn-n, nml tha' lH*iii<; abused was a lliin<; whirb 

n country wi»nM re-i-Tit even tliou'ih it \\:i< \n a very line .•4j»o«"eh. Tht» 

I think i< the **nm of their obji-rtion-^ with tlii*^ a^lditio!!, that I abuser! 

Kinj; Willi.iMi in oider to ii'LTuifijiti' ni}-!!' with FitzCriblion who i** 

a pa]»i*«t. \Vh:.tiver i<i saiil in tM*« •«i\ii', I ntu Mitistim], comes from 

Lord .Slianiion'^ frii-nd-t. \Va^ I to .-n-p.-ei the ]»articn1ar iieraon it 

would be I it'll. Hoyle. The stren^'th of that party U niucli aggravated* 

and It. Itovli* r<pre^«-ntt'il a^i a person w!io h:i*i the most alKM>lute of 

it. \Vh:it i>. iii-in!i:ited. i-i that Malm-, tli*- Attorney, nml the Solicitor 

ftp' eoTiiiieiiii'j l!ii"i.-tdv»'- with that <4«! iilisujiiti |y. ainl I pn^fcfts I think 

It ni.i unlikiiv. Thi-e ilrrt-t- jrentlt-men MpMr>-hi-iul, if I return that tbev 

wil! not Ih* I hi' pi-r^oii^ who air t'> l'ovitu. and I liiink it is pombk* 

that IV ]h>\lf iMiy liiini: ov«-r a defhir.-.iji.n from Lord Dovlc that m\ 

return will !..• a na-on Iwr hi-* di-ineliri.'if ion to the next p)rernroeni. 

Wht-iliiT cnl. I til.' elreiim^taiu'i- i.l" il.:- mt:i-ure of the 18,1100 men. 

fi\e rei:inu !f- iil' wl,irli :\y,- ini!i)fli:ifi !y ! » W ».eni abn>ad, I shall 

neii-ji i.f ih" s»,..p.;;iry-hi|i. I am \riy ii:ir. rf:iin. I am «"loar it will bt- 

i»t!riiil til III". Ti'.:i'h tiif ISi^h'ip ii-t Mi.i;i a- \ou can up'»n the topic. 

Thf iijia ol \\. li.ylt'N ili.i-itiii!/ th- i^uy, a'.d staiinjr Idnijieirin that 

ii;:ht in Kn:j!:iiil ••■m't I-e very ;i;:iiiMlil.' r.» tin* Uioh<»[*. I think I haw 

<i1i>i'i\id yiiu :i:e of l.iti- p;utieii!;irlv -I'.iit wjtli re;;ard lo Pcttt. 1 

111. pi- ni"*l -in -eri'ly thert* i- no :i!itM;.ti<>n betwrrii vou. Culti\*ate him 

Ohiv a Iil I if ai.d vmi will irit!iiii:ei- bini a lti at •!<-al. Whatever mar br 

till- ne lit* t.y iln* ..n ■(•e«* nf tli.- ni'ii-iiri* ijf tin- mililarv au<jmt*ntatioa it 

mn-t e. rtainiy I.l- | rndt nt fi. r«-|»re-rnf it. ami esj-ecirtlly to thofie wb<> 

an (oiiiin-; f.\i r to Kn^rhind. a^ a tliiiiL' of dithiuliy. If it faiU it will 

Ih* a i|i-!'fMi- li it •.i!(« •■> ti<». a in»!i!: aiid the iiitliionct* of tho nrw 

Lor.l Li< iitt-r:iiLr ni.iy pos-iMy ^i-i\:i:l upon (iovcninient here lo 

diiiiirii^h the iiiiiiilii r pi«ipo-ei). Y'or ui\ o\mi ]i;irt I am ai jet titterhr 

unabli- to d:*-«(i\4r by \\ ni« nns thi'. 'Xii-n-e i> in be di-frajed. 1 


endeavouriDg to collect opinions and to procare information. I can H^. or 
meet with no one who will even pretend to suggest a method of making i^^uo^obx. 
this scheme practicable." - — 

1763, February 24.— The Same to the Same. 

" The Army in Ireland is not to be augmented, but will coutinuc at the 
old number of 12,000. I am much delighted with the thought of seeing 
jou in England, I can't see any objection to this intended expedition. 
It may possibly create some little jealousy amongst the King's servants 
especially if I should continue iu my present employment. But this 
you may easily contrive to remove. Nothing is yet to be known with 
regard to the new Loi^d Lieutenant." 

1763, March 12. Privy Garden.— Thg Same to the Same. 

"If his Excellency has any objection to [your expedition to England] 
(which by the way I don't believe) it can only bo founded upon his 
intention not to comply with your request and upou his wish therefore that 
you may not be here in person to solicit it. In my own judgment his dis- 
approving it should be with you a reason for coming. I never was clearer 
in my opinion upon any point than that your being here cannot be in any 
particular prejudicial, and that it may be very materially serviceable to 
you. He has absolutely promised you as you very well know rather 
against my opinion that you should be of the Privy Council if any other 
person was appointed. He has given me hopes of the Peerage and 
of Weston's place in consequence of my solicitations at your desire. It 
is idle to suppose that he will comply with all these requests, but 
it is impossible to suppose (at least, I should hope so) that he will 
comply with none of them. They all affect your interest very essen- 
tially, and are worth attending to. The time of your being here will be 
a very critical one. Though nothing transpires yet with regard to 
a new Lord Lieutenant, it must bo settled by the 3rd of next mouth. 
What can't be obtained from his Excellency may, I should think, 
without difficulty, from his successor. You know how happy I should 
be to contribute as far as I am able to the accomplishment of your 
wishes in all their extent. My opinion is, but it is my opinion only, 
that the Lord Lieutenancy will not be offered to Lord Halifax, and that 
if it was, he would not accept of it. It is not over-rating my own 
importance to suppose my sentiments in relation to you will have great 
weight with those who are to succeed us. Your letter imposes secrecy 
upon me In terms so very strong, that I do not think myself at liberty 
to communicate with Weston upon the contents of it. As far as I am 
capable of judging, it is not within the bounds of po33ibility for bis 
Excellency to object to your expedition to England. With regard to 
the other particulars of your letter you may be assured that I have not 
as yet been refused the Chancellorship of the Exchequer, for it has not 
been asked. Difficulties I think will occur but I have many and 
very powerful supporters ; as things are at present circumstanced, I 
have been uniform in my declarations against the augmentation of the 
Army, in the extent proposed. His Excellency who recommended not 
18, but 20,000 to the King ; upon stating the case to him, retracted 
Jiis first proposal and the King was much displeased. His motives 
for recommending the augmentation, and then retracting that recom- 
mendation, I have already told you, were neither of them very liberal. 
He did the first when he had thought of relinquishing Ireland, and 
the last when he had thought of returning to it. We have had no 
difference, except a difference of opinion on this subject; and as it 
related only to the prosperity of Ireland, you will easily imagine a 


Sliiis. or <1iis|iiitc (III so trilliii;' :i sul>J<'Ct, coiiM not bo productive of nnv 
DoNorGiiMuiiE. warniiii. 

17(J:^ Mjiirh 2^). -Tho Suino io the Snino. 

'^Thf Aliia^r hfin;r, ^^ }<>" J^'V* }'*'"r oliirf object, it is to that 
I have applic'il my chirf attention. I tliiiik I shall succeed for you 
in this |h.iiit, hut in this |>oint oulv. Your negociation with Weston is 
known in Ireland, and repres4*ntati(»n'^ havclu'cn made aj^aiust its taking 
phu'e, hv the sanit* piT^ns who opiK)se my In'in^ appointe<l Chancellor 
of the l-]\ehei]iu*i*. They say that it id u ;rrcrit injury to C^ovemnient, 
to niakr (ino oi' t)io mo>t ahlc m<-n in llie Kinr^tloin, (for when it 
is t«> hint \nnr iiitiTest they will *-nh>cri1>o to your ahility) and of 
eonr<>i' oMr d' tlic most dan^^einus, totally imlrpeink'nt. Our bucci«!» 
in wliai we ari* tach di' us pursuing; I shall probuhly communicate 
to you iiy tlie po.-t aftrr next. Sir \V. Yorke eommunieated tome 
this niorninLT a eirciimstanre wliieh I wonder had not rcnehcd your 
kno\\l«(I;:(', or wliicli if \oii kiuw, you did not impart tu me. I 
undti>tanil Iir lia- recei\i'<l a summons fnim the Chief Danm of the 
E\chf<pi«T ill Ireland upon this ocea>ion. A ca««e has occurred in 
which the 3 Harons of tht* Kxeliequir have given three different 
opiuiuiis. It is .SI ill then ion* that il is nee«'ssnry the Chuncellur of the 
ExchiMpicr >liould be eaUed in and '•it in jud;^ient. Nothing can 
1m; more ob\inus, than that this nnpn'eedeiitcd sort of disagreement is a 
contrivanei' to iinbarrnss niy pursuit u|h)U one of thcM* 8Uppo»iiticHUS 
eitlur that my patent will Im- drawn up u{Hin the plan of Rigby's, 
by except in;: tin- judicial part of tin* ofliee, in which ease they would 
{<ay tlte suitoi's ill an inMan«'f actually I'xibtin;;, would want retlrcss 
or U[>oii ilx* more ^rcueral prineipk' of the impropriety of placing in 
an cnip!t:ynirnt ai*inittfd to Ijt* judii-iid, a iktmmi not qualifietl to jud;:e. 
\Vrili> to nil- hy ilh- riturn ot* tin- p:itkrt what you know of this affair, 
tho'ii;:h it i- po'-MMu that « vt-rytliinir v.* ill !>«• decided before I can 
rccei'. «• youi li :?« r. You ^hall have llie «:irlii>t n«»tice of everything 
which \^ ^'I'in;; ii.;\vard hero ivlativi* to your int4Test niid to my own. 
You will, I :ini pii^uatlrd, a<*t for nn* in Ireland, with ahilily and 
affection. '1 ],( Tf i^ iiothin*; I loii;r f'H' so much as to sit in juilgment in 
the Court of Kxtiiiipicr to rotors- the weight and pnivity of the Bench, 
and to cornet tin* ovcrbcnrini ""s of the ribin«; rnrliameutary Bar. 
Walshc'h trial. I mide]>tand, is a;^ttiu drferred. This Eeems to be 
rt*scrvi'd as a >nif si^nn-e of faction a;:aiiist the next Session. EndoMd 
I s«'nil \<>u M«Mi<' papers at the dt-*ire of Ctdemnn a friend of niine^ ami 
a pt-nilrniMn with whom, when \ou was last in England, yon din^ 
at ' iarrickV. Sir 11. Kchlin is now in Ireland. 1 shall be much 
obli;;i.I to \iiu il' \i>u wuidd L'ive ( ulcmaii all the ai^Mstance in yoor 
|Miwci. No Lot'i Lji utcnant :•« ;is \it ap[Ktintc«I. I know Mmie who 
lia\«' Im I li rifii<.<il i'. M'liI •>m:!I'> who hnw n'fu*s>d it, but I am nttcrly 
ignorant w l.o \sili i btitin it. Iialit'.-ix*H n-turii is everything bat 
imp4>^^:I'l«-, aiid a- :o i:i\ <iwn return, I am ju*>t a** unci*rtain as 1 wai> 
the d.iv will II 1 ( ndiarkt'd from hvlan*!." 

17<^J, Moreii '2^ — The Samt- to ihr Siinie, 

*'.^in«*c I urotc to \ou by the la«.t pack*!, I Inive hail an opportmity 
of eonviM>in;: with \Ve>ton, who hu** in si'nie degree explained to 

the m\-t( ry ot' n)\ Li rd Li<.utci::int'-> di->ph'a.*>ur<' with regard to yov 

iutend««l e\|i'ditifii to Kn;:Iui.d. It was not your coming 
he \\2L» at all otlmdid, but ihi> jiurjN ^c* fur \i1iich you proposed Co 
Waite wa^ iilh* i nou^di to write in a letter to Weston, and WeatOB Vli 
idle eiK'U^h to rhew that letter tu mv Lord Lieutenant 'that the Prise 


Serjeant intended to come to Enghind immediately for the purpose of mss. oy 
soliciting in person the affair of the alnage/ The idea of being much DoyouoSoBS. 
importuned is at all times disagreeable to him, and it was upon that and — 

that only, he expressed some little dissatisfaction. I have as yet no 
reason to doubt of your success in this affair. Bo assured, I shall rejoice 
most sincerely when it is accomplished. It will answer every purpose 
that I can wish. It will be a credit to us that under our Government 
you are used well, and a security that under no other you will be used 
ill. When the King's consent has been obtained, I shall prevail on his 
Excellency to write you a very flourishing letter. I still think that 
your presence in England, immaterial perhaps as to this one point, 
would have been extremely serviceable as to the two others. For the 
purposes of my own pursuit your continuance in Ireland is; I am sure, 
much more advantageous. I think I will take care to secure the alnage 
for you in England, do you secure the Chancellorship for me in Ireland. 
What success I meet with is a little uncertain, but I have no idea of 
taking it in any other manner than for life. Is it possible that either 
the Chancellor or the Attorney and Solicitor Genertd after having made 
no objection to Rigby's patent which is clearly illegal, will hesitate in 
making out mine, which in the opinion of the servants of the Crown, 
and of all the lawyers here, is clearly legal. Could the Chancellor be 
prevailed on not to refer the Patent to the Attorney, which though usual, 
is not necessary, or would he have spirit to make it out contraiy to 
their opinion. My Lord Lieutenant is much determined upon this 
point. I have stated to him in the fullest manner the factioi^ which 
may be formed upon this occasion. He has promised to represent them 
all to Lord Bute, and he has said in the handsomest and most sanguine 
manner imaginable that his own credit is at stake, and that if even I 
would consent to it, no consideration should induce hlra to give it up. 
You, I know, will take care to do everything which is possible for me 
on the spot, I shall be much obliged to Mr. Attorney if he will let me 
obtain this preferment without clamour but I shall be very well satisfied 
to be in possession of it, even with clamour. By the manner in which 
you mention the difference in opinion between the three Barons, I per- 
ceive you consider it not as contrivance, but as accident. That an event 
of this sort, which never happened before should happen just at this 
particular time, and without any management whatever, I profess is to 
me utterly inconceivable." 

1763, April 7.— The Same to the Same. 

" There are great revolutions since I wrote to you by the last Pacquet, 
Lonl Bute resigns the Treasury tomorrow. It is the King's intention 
that all bis affairs shall for the future be conducted by Lord Halifax, 
Lord Egremont, and Geo. Grenville, the latter of whom is to be 
appointed First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
He is to be succeeded in the Admiralty by Charles Townshend. Mr. 
Oswald is to be Vice-Treasurer of Ireland. Mr. Fox and Sir Francis 
Dashwood are to be created peers. Lord Bute has approved of Lord 
Halifax's list, so that the King's consent now is only wanting. Contrary 
to what I wrote you word by your last post, Lord Granby has refused 
the Lord Lieutenancy. I have for once entrusted the Primate with a 
secret. Try if you can get it out of him. As far as I am able to con- 
jecture, Lord Northumberland will be Lord Lieutenant, and I shall be 
Secretary ; but so many circumstances may prevent it that I have begged 
of him, and must beg of you for God's sake not to mention it. lou 
•hall hear from me by the next post." 


Mss. «i 17G3, April 9. — Tiio Simn' to llu* Sumo. 

I'viN^rM. Vk. '* R»tc 1ms informed Ix>ra Halifax tlmt xhv King will consent bolb to 
— your ri'qiii'st and mine. I^nl (Iranliv is to «{ivi» an auHwiT tomorrow 

which will he tiiially final. 1 ani piTsiuiwhMl that what I mcntioneil to 
yon will lake place and that the arnin;;onKMit for Ireland will be Luad 
Northunibi'i lantl/ . . . . "As tlir nuwa of my bein^ Chancellor 
and of my returninj: us Si*eretary of Stat«' will reach Duldin togetbcr 
with thi.'o It'Mer maiia;;;e to sec the Attorney and Solicitor as Hoon an 
you can, th:it I am ready to meet them huU'way, that I wish and witfli 
sincerely to act with them and am willing; to give them every proof of 
it in my |>ow«>r. These you will mention as what you know to tie my 
sentiments in gemTal and not od communicated to you on tbi.s iwrticultf 

1TG3, April. Dublin.— *Tohn Ilely Hutchinson to W. Gerari 

** Your letter of the 7th mentions that liord B[ute] bad approved, 
and tlmt th«' Kiii<;*> eonxMit was onlv wantinf):. Your letter of the 9th 
says Lord ]«|nte| has assured L«>nl H[alirax] that the King will oonsvnt 
t4» your ri'^Mii'M ami mine. Ydu will not wonder then if I wa« RurpriMd 
to hear by your last favour that my request \xm not even laid liefore the 
Kin;^ ; howe\er 1 am (;hul to find you have been more succwsful for 
yourself. I miiht candi-.lly confess to yon, that not only the eonclu&ioD, 
but the wholi* pri);zre.>^s of this iitTair is somewhat unaccountable to me ; 
tile oc«*asioii ju>tilies, cnr friindship nqnires, and I nm ]M*rj^UAiled you 
will thcrefon* cxrusc my s|x* iking to you ui>on this f«ubject with plainneff 
and fretMlom ; that I serv<>«l your Administration zealoufily and faith- 
fully without tht* least regard to any |»arty hen*, is as true, a.s it is that 
the conse'iut'Mct < to iih*, will not grmtly encourage others to follow an 
example so uiiconnnon in this country. l>y this comhict I have raiscil 
>ome iKiwrrlul enemies. I rccpie^lrd oidy to bo put out of their power, 
by an e\<'lnmgi* without lo«s to (tovrrnment, 07 gain to myself, excepi 
the advantage oftukiiej otVa mark, which has b<*en inviilion^ to mo« and 
troubli-sonii' to (iovenimeut ; to such a favour 1 thought I might hare 
some ]>reten**ioiis, nut from my Ii<»rd Lieutenant only, but from joor 
tricnilly t'liilt-avniirs, iiidrprndcnt of his K.x«*<'Uency, whose handsome 
treatnii'iit of iiie at all time*: when I I nd the honour of attending him in 
]N>rsoii. it w«)'ilil be ingratitude not to acknowledge. If such u niotlente 
unrivallfil iei|uest i^ denird and if the Administration which has 
udtipted mi- ^'t^ with mi unkindly an a>])ect toward^ me, how can I (put 
yourself in my pl.-in* and judge for me n<i if the ca^' was your own) how 
ca'i I tlatter ni\«i-If with any e.\|>cctation from the next Admini^t ration ? 
WeMon lia> wmd* to \Wte that our trealv is at nn end, desirea him Co 
renew the I real v with Cavendish. Fnmi mv situation thi*« i.s on<^ of the 
VI -ry ff'w ...lijrrt-. most prolMibly the only «me, in which your fricndahip 
could serve ni**. iliou;;1i yim ucnr to continue «»ur S<'cn*tary for manj 
\ «■»!--«, and ti.tT*'!'ore thi> dis:ip|x»intnit*nt, iintl s«imf others not neceaiarj 
t'j rt'p<vit, Ift^vio nil* no otlicr re([U(-t to mak«', but that you will not ba 
at the troublt- of mmtioning my namr to tlu* succeeding Lord Lieuteoaol, 
having ii(> *.Mif-ii.iU lor my future ho|H-s (if any 1 should lie weak aad 
vu!n enouL'h i'> riit< rtiin) Ixit my attaiLnn-nt U* His Majes»ty*ii !>erTicep 

and the /!< ei-i:d c-ttfUi of tie' country where I li\e 

J'ltsf^i iij.f.- " >in«'r I liiji-iii-1 th>- :dii<\r I ha\e diM'overecl that the 
L< III (.'litUK-i ill r l.:i.| i!rr!ar('<ldit!ii-iiltii sMi.i.nt yitiir Patent. I could D«4 
(li.nk of li'tiir.L: \<*ii '•rith'T l>v \onr li:i\iM': pliu'i-d \iiur confidence in 
■ LP'! till rii'un- W' ::t iniuitiliatrly tii liini. I Innnil him (In'*'iiing with 
iul- ntii-n, :..« Ih ni« ntintn-il, to iMin.e u* me :il<>nt tli;it bu^ine^^; he said 


that affair had already made a great noise, and would probably be a mss. of 
topic in the House of Commons ; that he would endeavour, if he could, J^^^ ^^^ ^^ 
to keep himself out of the scrape, and in confidence desired my opinion — 

as to this point ; and as to his conduct, he declared his present intention?, 
to be, to desire the opinions of the Attorney and Solicitor, and that, 
whether they signed the patent or not. We read over the Act together, 
I recapitulated the old Acts, the precedents, especially the late one of 
Yorke, and that of Rigby, which was much more liable to objections, the 
English and Insh opinions taken, not from an cp prehension of difficulty 
in the question, but of opposition from the friends of M [alone], that 
these opinions^and precedents ought to leave no doubt in his lordship's 
mind, and that if he began with doubting the validity of precedents of 
some centuries, it might be thought in England that the people here had 
obtained an improper influence over him, especially as he took no 
opinions in the cases of Higby and Yorke ; he listened with an appear- 
ance of confidence, but I could gain no more from him than an intima- 
tion that he would declare no opinion till he found out whether the 
Attorney and Solicitor would sign the patent, and that he would not be 
governed by the opinions of the Attorney and Solicitor, but would take 
the opinion of the other principal King's Counsel here. After using every 
endeavour in my power, I left him to his fears which I could not con- 
quer. I hear the Attorney and Solicitor say that the grant would be 
one by the Common Law independent of the Act." {Draft.) 

1:763, May 14. — W. Gerard Hamilton to John Hely Hutchinson. 

** Weston has been spoke to by Lord N[orthumberland] and everything 
must now, I think, be adjusted as you can wish. Do you mean an 
assignment from Weston of his grant, or a new grant. Had not the 
latter better be delayed, till your services have merited the additional 
200/., which you assert, and which T don't contradict, will be in the next 
Sesaon. You may then perhaps, prefer 3 lives to 31 years. Let me 
beg of you not to talk of the Alnage till is absolutely finished ; I have 
the best reason to suppose it was designed for Malone. I shall defer 
saying anything upon your letter in answer to that which 1 sent you, 
enclosing Lord N[orthumberland's] till we meet. I have today been 
asked for a scat in Parliament, in the room of Harward, whom I am 
advised to make a Judge, as he intends to be very violent in opposition 
next winter. I own I should be concerned if my good friend took this 
turn, but I should be more concerned, if I made him a Judge merely to 
prevent it. 

I think the report which has been made is the l^itiinatc offspring of 
the Attorney's love. But, I don't suspect my friends, because I happen 
to be crossed by my lovers. Your letter of the 7th has determined me 
to suspend my resolutions relative to my grant. Had the Attorney not 
expressly declared to you that he would pass it upon my Lord Lieutenant's 
order, I would not have taken this step. I should have concluded this 
was only a trap for further popularity. The refusing the repeated 
orders of a Lord Lieutenant, will be more meritorious than the resistence 
to the first. But what he has said to you, I am persuaded he will not 
retract. I shall delay the order till the next packet. I have begged Lord 
N[orthumberland] to consider mc as out of the case, and to consult the 
Attorney and Solicitor here upon Tisdale's and Gore's Report. No one 
reason, you know, is assigned in it ; but if there were a million it would 
not signify ; for if Yorke and Norton are not two of the best lawyers in 
the world, thank God they are two of the most obstinate ones. I have 
seen a very obliging letter from the Chanceller to Lord Halifax with 
many very kind expressions towards me, and saying that he should have 


Mss. OF no dinU'iiIiy ir tilt' ;;raut cuim* regularly lirforc Itini. lie so gnod u to 

iiiR MiBL OF rt.tiini mv tlmiikft u> luiii, uml l»*i Iiiiii he iiH>uri'(l (hat 1 will not forprt 

— Ins fi'U'iHl>Iiii> i4>on tins occis ion. llu* wn(in<; to liim aa things an* 

now rin'inn>iun('f(], wuiiM 1 think, ho rut her indcliciitCy and for that 

re:u«on only I avoid it. To Fay that I don*t take it rather unkind what 

the Attorney and Solicitor l^avc done, would be rather untrue.' 


1 lT():i!, duuf 2.— The Snnu- to tlic Same. 

'*lSolh IVuni what you siiv, and tVoin sonic other circumstances which 
havf roJLclu'il my ki)o\vl(*(1;;e wititiii thosi.* i\*w hour^, it is my wiak that 
ynu would jLcccl(Tati' things with the Alturiicy and Solicitor. Is it 
piis-ihlc to insinuate that the tinu* of my roiiiin;; toIi*clnndis |»ostpoiied. 
and to |iri>vail on llu*m to writr to mo? You may declare, much 1 
think t(» my nvilit, that a.s Imi;; a^ my patcnl was in Mi£|M*nse, you knew 
I w:l*« dt ti'iiiiim-d not to m';:oilati- with thrin, hut the momenl that afiair 
was nt end, that I should hi' icaily to rri\t' cviTy feasonahle proof of my 
readine^rf to act with thnu. I urn pTsuadc-d they wish to act in con- 
juiietion with tin- i'rime S'ljeant, and the Si*en*tary ; and if you will 
exert your usuid dcxttTity, peace nn;;ht he eoncluthtl, and the lemu 
M'tthtj, not oidy before my arrival but before liigbyV. What you Mj 
of Lord Shannon, 1 hhould think is true ; but what you suspect of 
Kildar«', is ci-rtaiuly so. lie has lo.-^t his pow<'r in England, and wiabn 
to H'piin his i>opuhirity in In* hi ml/' 

[ 17<).'< ;t .lune 4. — Tiic Same to the Sanu'. 

** I ha VI' S( ar<'c palii nrr to say anythin<r to the Attorney's nonscD.**- 
nhout thfir ri']M>rt not heini; laid the Kin;^. In the first place 
the iaet i- otherwi-e. Thf dillieulty which had oceurrel, was btatftHi, 
a: 111 hi'o jiK'a^urr taki ii ujion it, imt out of n->prc't to Mr. Tiiidale ao<! 
Mr. (ion-, hilt fur our own M-rnrity. Lord North uniberhmd's Ivtlfr 
implii-i thi-i iu tw«i {•hsci*-'. li l>(>;:in> a:id «>iiils with it." 

ITi'io, July 1."). Hampton i'li-irt. — Tin- Sanu- to the Same. 

** Ai'i-r nuu-h liitru-iilty 1 ha\i- xtilnl wiiii tliat t7t'\v and infitMWt^ftoo- 
His.ludai-^iN appi'iri'd in iiisin-.i>tin;; on 10/. fur int*- re.'- 1 upon the 3,000/. 
from Mid'^UTumrr ilay to t!ie tinii* MitehelV i!ran;;hl hecamo payabkr; 
and his ill tii!i lily by donhtin;; the valiility uf the draught itM*lf. IV 
grant i*' to It** surn^ndorrd, but \ir Mill in>i«<ts n{Min a recital in tbr 
Kin;r's htti-r for the l)f'n^ion, of tin* eonsiilcration uptm which it»*» 
given him. I have, and shall kf«'p in my i>osses!>ion, his receipt fortbf 
•i.lKN.t/. Whi'ii the ordi*r eomrs for a n«'w grant to Ur made out too vill 
not omit writing to I^)nl Nertlnnnherhmd. I ffar that my ansvrr to 
till* 1ft tcr you prup(»se M'ii«liiig nie after the Chann-llor riac'S will not 
n*ai-li Puhlin. hrfitrc wtu an' si t out tipon vour circuit. In tlte mC 
tinii* «!i\i* nil- ha\i' to ti-il you. that I think then' will not be the kart 
dilfirulty in -ali-lyin;: ih»' Ait<rnoy'.*i ex[ieet»tions fur his brother, BW 
the Sijicit'ir's fur him-^ell', pro\ idnl hi' adluTrs to what he last |iropOff4 
and dfMs not in>i'^t upr^n a varaney iH'ing made. If tln^y ore wiUipf I'' 
embark n|Kin tln'M* ti-rms, 1 wi:«h yon would cngng** with them. W" 
terKon's wi^his will, 1 am |M'r«uaiird, In* eomplit'd with, but I profiBK I 
don't ^el• at pn'^»-nt pri-ei*»'!y in what inanii«'r. The negociatioo •>•■ 
Sir Wm. (KlH»rne you may nnd>rtake. From some connectioai ^ 
Knglaiid this is a thing ih'sind." 

17G>i. 'luly 2>, Hampton Court. — Tin* Snnif to the Sarae. 

*' Km r\ thing i<> at Ia<>t adjuMi-d \\it!i \Vi-Mc»n and ho baa maAf * 
hurri-ndir t-f hi-< grant, whii-h h«* lia*^ i ntrustitl with Sir Robert WilMrt 
to dt'li.iT to iiii Lord Lirutemint a» ma'U as the jiension for the SiOOL 


is placed upon the establishment in Ireland. Your new grant will M^. or 
probably meet you upon your return to Dublin after the ciixsuit. Dos^FoSfOBE. 

It is unnecessary for me at present to explain at large to you the — 

reasons for what I shall say in this letter. But I am every day more 
convinced that the plan we formed of a separate understanding with 
Lord Shannon is absolutely necessary, and extremely practicable. I 
have seen Bell. Boyle, Yon stand very high in his good opinion, at 
least that is his language to me. He is so firmly rivetted in the idea of 
an indissoluble connection between me and the Primate, that all the 
distant hints I could give him to the contrary, had no effect ; and I was 
afraid, upon such a topic to commit myself absolutely, by being explicit. 
He is extremely irritated at the cold manner in which the Primate 
recommends his pursuit, after not only the repeated promises, but tlic 
voluntary ofiers which he made him of his assistance. He talks respect- 
fully of my Lord Lieutenant and very kindly of me, but vows revenge 
against his Grace unless something is done for him before the opening 
of the Session which is impossible. Would it be a bad thing for us to 
let my Lord Lieutenant see that his Government, at the very opening 
of it, was likely to be involved by promises made by the Primate, and 
by promises which have no relation to Lord Northumberland's adminis- 
tration. If his Grace begins playing tricks, as he certainly will, and 
against which therefore we must be prepared, this is the very light in 
which he will endeavour to place us. He will wish to show that while 
everybody is desirous of supporting my Lord Lieutenant there are many 
who object to us. If anyone should be prevailed upon, perhaps in the 
House, to establish a distinction between the Lord Lieutenant and the 
Secretary, would it be at all difficult to prevail upon Perry and Fitz- 
Gibbon to do the very reverse, and to say that they were disposed in 
some degree at least to Government, merely upon account of the 
Secretary. Lord Tyrone and Lord Boyle are to be made Privy 
Counsellors immediately. The merit of Lord Boyle's promotion the 
Primate will endeavour to take to himself, as he is not entitled to it ; 
when you converse with Lord Shannon that impression ought to be 
removed, and it may be done perhaps as effectually through Dennis. Bell. 
Boyle leaves England soon. Might not your suggesting to him a closer 
plan of Union between Lord Boyle and me as a thing that you wished, 
rather than that I desired, be at once a more effectual and a safer method 
of proceeding.** 

1763, July 30. Hampton Court. — The Same to the Same. 

" Lord Shannon's disposition, the Solicitor's irresolution, Patterson's 
interestedness, and the Attorney's determination to irritate others, bnt 
not to act himself, together with Sir William's [? Osborne] zeal for the 
service of Government, in or out of place, afford I think upon the whole 
no unfavourable prospect. I should follow with pleasure the advice 
you give me with respect to my Lord Primate, if he would bo satisfied 
with outwitting me, and did not propose what would hurt Government. 
He mistakes my objections. I am indifferent as to the motives of his 
reconmiendation and I consider only the things he recommends. What 
he particularly alludes to, is his desire that as a popular act Sir R. Grore, 
and Sir £d. King, may be made peers immediately. Though to be sure 
nothing can be clearer than that his Grace means to serve his private 
purposes, and them only, by this promotion, yet that would be disre- 
garded, if it was not evident that such a measure in this period of oar 
administration, would involve us in many difficulties in Ireland and 
create a horse laugh in England. I profess at the same time that I was 
much displeased with the letter he wrote to Lord Shannon when I was 


MS». OP in Ireland cnliMilatisI entirely to remove nn idea which prerailed, whirh 
Till Kari. of yxiXH iM'lli'ved, uiid wliich was true, that I hiul been instnimcntal in the 
— proinotiuii of my i^onl Lu;ut4*nant. Fhero may Im* an ap|N:araDoe n 

vanity in the dei'LLrution, but it Is literally fact that by my own pemonal 
friends 1 obtaitMil the Government both for Loi-d Ilalifaz and Lonl 
Noi'thuml>erland, as much as I ever procured the alnage for you, or 
the ('hniic<'lloi-shi|) of the Kxchequer for myself. Somethino: uf thid 
(«ort I tLiiik it iiii;:lit be pn)per to put in counter-circulation to whit 
his Grace rrport-^, as there can be no reason why we should not my 
what is truth to a;jgraviite our in]|K)rtanco, since others do what is faLie 
to diminish it. 'IMit* ne;;oiriation with Tjonl Shannon vou will conduct 
in the manner which appeal's most advinable to you npon the spoC 
When opportunity offers I hope you will do it |)er!»nally, rather tlian 
by instruments. You most certainly judged n*i({\i in nut sending a 
letter to Dennis. He infalliblv would have showed it. and the re- 
tract in;; a propowil of that sort, would have ))e(*n attended with worse 
conj^ecpiences at Ca-^ths Martyr than the communicating can have at 
Leixliji. 'riit-rr is a {larticnlar which I have much at heart, and 
the conduct of it 1 must trust entirely to your management, as 
if it can be b:(Mi;;lit al)out, it will take place immediately after our 
arrival. It will, I Miould think, 1m* easy for yon to convey to each 
of the Justices >epanitely, an idea how great an oblipition I shall 
consider it, if upon their lirst interview with my Lord Lieutenant, in 
which it is usual to explain to him the situation, and the disposition of the 
country, they would express stronc^ly their approbation of my returning 
in my pn>ent si mat ion, and their opinion of the utility which would arise 
from it, to his HxccllencyV Administration. Could this bo carrieil still 
further? WoiiJil IVny and FitzCiibbon t>ay the same thing? Woakl 
Malont', tlu* AttoMifV, the Solicitor, and Patterson, &4 ecrvanttf of the 
Crown, (uinl with whom |x'rhaps by that time I may be friends) d«H:lare 
their particular s'lti^tiu^tiun at being able to act in conjunction with me, 
in carrying on the Kii.g*s business. I will tell you the use I propose Ut 
make of this, an<l the benefit which I think must arise from it. Lord 
NorthumlxTland will write a h'ttrr to the St'cretary of State to be laid 
befort* the KInir. Mating the protligious satisfaction which everybody 
express4'*i, (and uliieh nolxMly but you and one more will feel) upon my 
rc'turnin>: in tin* nllicf I now hold. When this is once done, it will be 
impu-«>ibli' to a^>iil>e any part of the miscarriages of Government to a 
person whom iii«*y jll^t before approve<l of. If they sfieak well of uk* 
it will In* tlioii;;lit, and «loubtess very projx'rly, to arisif from mj merit, 
und if ill, to pnxi'cil from their own iieklfuess. I really think the 
acciiiiipii^hniiMit <t' this point extremely material, and I wiku you would 
conMdtT, and riiifhict it. Ix>rd KiMare, I am |»ersuadiHl, will do his 
pai1. I p'Tii i\»' \t\ \\w. ninvsi>ai>ers that a printing press is cataUisbed 
in Dublin, ainl ih.-ii a piri(Hlical paper is to be published twicv inawvek. 
An uiidertakiiiLT «•!' this *iort may |Ki.«sibIy turn (Mit very ridiculous, but 
in such a \eiv intlaiiiinalile count rv, if it is c«»nihicted without abilitr. 
provided it i- wiili alMi-.e, it may dn us hanii, ami eunnot possilily serre 
us. To ^to{) it p rhap'^ may U» imiMissible, to<;et into the management of 
it may Ih- iii"ii> |.i.trtie:ibli* anil better. If you think as 1 do, tliat it is a 
thing that ^-ii^Mi! i >>t* iitti-ii'li d to, and taken I'aily, employ whom you 
pleaie. (Htvi-n.riir'it will In* at the e\|HM)>e. As Lucas will tw an 
auth'ir. yiiur ui>:<i:!p aiiil I ^liall pn.b:ibly Ih' liiade lionouraldc mealioQ 
of. I adi.iire Mi'ir tiiriid l':t(tei->oii's mi-i it with Government, and his 
intlm iiec with .l:i'-fv (iiTi* It' we <^i\e him one pkuv. he will prevail 
ujNin I.i^ friend :•• laki- two. I wi-h vi>ry «*incerely tlmt they may be 
l>oth s:iti*li*'l 1 iijiii-< rin't heartily at the pleasure you expffvas 


in the possession of the alnoge. Be assured, I never had anj other M^. ov 
idea than that of making our administration in Ireland a common cause ix>nouohmore. 
with you. The success of this session will contribute much to our — 

establishment, and I think may open to us a prospect of obtaining 
whatever Ireland can afibrd. We have a right to look forward into 
times when old Attornies and paralylic Primates will be utterly forgot." 

1763, September 3. St. James Street. — ^The Same lo the Same. 

Repeating that he is not only willing but extremely solicitoos to 
cultivate the Attorney General, but submitting whether by repeated offers 
on his own side without any return on the Attorney's he is not letting 
himself down too low. '* Your Postchaise must be painted green and 
lined with a plain green cloth. No gentleman appears in any other.'* 

1763, December 30. Limerick.— Edmund Pery to John Hely 
Hutchinson. Concerning; his interview with the Corporation of 
weavers there on the subject of the Alnage. Their reason for desiring 
the office was to prevent frauds in the manufacture which discredited 
their goods and injured them much. They offer to rent the office for 
the City and County of Limerick and the County of Clare for 35/. for 
one year. 

1764, Angust .*>. Privy Gnrden. — George Stone, Archbishop of 
Armagh, to John Hely Hutchinson ..." When Lord Northumber- 
land comes to town on the 18th of this month the Promotion of the 
Chief Justice will I suppose be made immediately ; but I will see Lord 
naltfax before that time, and concert with him what part he shall take 
concerning you. I had much conversation about you with the Duke of 
Bedford. . . . He says that your opposition to him has left no 
unfavourable impression upon his mind ; that there appeared no 
malignity of principle in it, nor no settled disaffection to the form of 
government established and necessary to be supported in Ireland ; that 
he is very glad you are in the service of the Government, and hopes 
you will continue to exert your abilities that way ; and he shall always 
wish that you receive full encouragement from the Government both 
there and here." " You desired me to speak to Lord Drogheda 

.... You may be sure in this case, that he knows himself and 
his situation too well to imagine that his interposition can be wanted 
or could properly be employed. You may be sure ako how much 
I wish upon every account both public and private that you and he 
should be upon the gaYne terms of friendship together that I flatter 
Myself I am with each of you ; and it is what he wishes above every- 
thing else of the kind. He told me on his first coming to London 
^hat he had attempted to see you during his short stay in Dublin, 
hut had been disappointed. I can conceive some shyness, at least no 
'orwardness on your part for the sake of appearances, considering the 
circumstances of his coming into office. But I hope you will think 
yourself, as all the woild thinks, that you have done everything 
Ihat decency or even real friendship in another qnarter could require 
from you. Lord Drogheda knows, that you can be of more use to him, 
than he to you, yet you may be useful in due proportion to each 
other, and yon will find him a man of truth, honour, sense, and spirit." 
. . . ** I want to see you really incorporated in this Castle, while it 
listSf and I see no probability of that scene being shifted as yet. As to 
the general scene of business here, some particular changes may happen, 
but there is not a man in England who thinks, that by the general force 
of opposition the King will be constrained to give up his present ser- 
vants, and his present system ; and if any personal changes should 

MS8. OF liai>nen (which arc not forcscoiO thov will be the work of intriffiw aad 

THE KARL HV „, i ' r f •! ' 

176.% Juno 12. — KolKTt Joplison to John Ilely Hutchinson. 

** Mr. naiiiiltnu has imposed ui>oii mc no very oosj Ukik in desiring I 
shouM «;ivc ynti something liku a liistoryof what has been transacted by 
till' (IiiT«'n*nt political parties in the course of this lasit month. 

In order to tret rid of the p(*rplexity which is in the thing itself ind 
the (»hs(Mtri(y in which it niny bo further involved by my description, it 
will, I believe, he n(*cessary to oall hack to yonr attention what paased 
two yc:ir-« a^o whfU Lonl But«' rcM^rned the Treasnry, and when the 
ndniini<<tration was devolved on Lord Halifax, Lonl Egremont, and 
Mr. <inMivillo. They hsul (as they nsaort) nt that time the strongert 
a-i-^uranci' ;;ivi-ii ihcu) hy Ili** Majesty, that he would never be ativifldd 
by I^ird Hut I' in the conduct of his <r(ivernnient and thoy bad refieatn! 
proinise'i from Lonl ISute himsflf, to the same purpose ; bnt 6ndiBg 
that all these :i'«'«ni*ancos were disn*(;arded, and tliat while they cnjojfd 
the luime of Ministers and the inci.nie of their offices, every pref^nnent 
whi<di becariif vacant was disposed of at the desire of Lord Bute* is 
three months after their appointment they informed His Majnftyof 
their <Iitermiiiation to resir;n, refusing; to hold minisftcrial statMm^ 
witlioiit some de<];r«*e, nt least, of niini>teriat influence. This step of the 
Ministers produced the negotiation at the Que<m*s Iiouse of which joa 
have In'iinl so much, ami that negotiation with Mr. Pitt lieing fniitieMi 
reduc«'d the Kini; to the ne<*essitv of desiring I>ord Halifax and Mr. 
(irenville with the addition of the Duke of lk*<ironl, to continue in tbf 
otHers which they had (h'clared tlieir intention of resigning. To ihil 
they c<>ns4-nted, hut not without imposing new conditions, the prumiatf 
(»i Lord liute*-^ not interfering were renewed and the sincerity of thov 
who m.'ide them brought to this te^t, that his lordship should retire into 
the country tor thi> whole winter, and this was accordingly 00Di|died 

Sine«' that time there have biN'u two sessions of ParliamonL In tbe 
tiI^-t of thi'se the Administration acquired a considerable d^ree of 
merit witli tlie Court by the expnUion of Wilkes and by the Tiggrotf 
infa^'UMs tiiey pursued in the pro-ecution of libellers, and this togi*thcr 
with the di»iii:i«»ii (if the oppositinu seem<'<l to promise* them subililVt 
but upon till' eln-e ut' that Se(<>iMu of Parliament, I^ml iiute rvtamed 
to Lonilou ami n "-umiil his intlui-nce at Court. From that tiae theiv 
li:ive Im'i'U perpi tual jealon^es beMvuu him and th«' Administration till 
tlie iuMiMhieii'iii ot the Kei'i ney liill brought things to nn (»|ien mptan. 

The o^jiM'i (if tiiin IS ill an it wa>« lir^t planned, and attributed to livd 
I>ute and l.oi.l Holland, wa** in cm^:" of tlie King's demise duringthf 

mint»riiy «ii hi« -'i -^-or, tSat tip* nouiinatinn of the Iti'gent shonUbe 

lift di-'jretionarv in the ('rnwn, that the Crown should likewise haff 
M fKiwer of iiiiiiiiiiatin;! by ihel iiv«' [Mr.'ons to Im? of the Coandlof 
l!e(:enev. in : 'iditiiiTi to tbi* eriMt otUeers of Mate who an* namt^d in the 
Act, aii4l that ih>i«>' who were «'f the U<>y al Family should be capabkw 
ImImi; niaile Ke«;ents. This A<-t was not (originally digested bjtk 
Miiti*»ti*rs, biit ^iven to thfiu from the King, with directions thallh^ 
pliould take till- Conduct of it through both Houses of Pteliaaii^ 
They di«l not de«ire it sluiuhl pa-** ami yet wen' afraid to oppose !!,■■' 
they h»il therifnn- reciiiMM> to the ••nly expedient which ramaiiied, ihit 
of |H rple\iii«: it uiniu tip* pieiem-f oi ditficulties which occurred in ihff 
<'x«t'uiion. Tliey di-liki-il the diMTetirmary power in the CrovD if 
nominating tivi* Couust'll'ir- a> they a)iprebei:ded these would be fiUl' 
by Lojtl Hute and hi- tVicntU, and the ^linisters |M'rfuaded the Ktngt0 


^Te it up) bj hintiiig that his insisting on it would be exti^emely odious. MSS. ov 
They were supposed to disapprove of the King's discretionary power of i^^SxraMoSi. 
nominating a Regent, lest that nomination should fall on the Princess of — 

Wales. An objection was started by the Duke of Richmond, of which 
the administration would avail themselves, that the Princess of Wales 
did not come within the description of the Royal Family and of course 
would not be capable of being made Regent, and that it might be of the 
most dangerous consequences to leave a point of this nature doubtful. 
This point too the administration prevailed on the Crown to give up, 
and Lord Halifax brought a message from the King, signifying his 
consent that the Royal Family should be so described as to exclude the 
Princess of Wales from being capable of being made Regent. But when 
His Majesty came to consider that he had consented to what was a very 
severe reflection on the Princess of Wales he was exceedingly 
dissatisfied with the advice which had been given him and insisted that 
the Ministers who had been the occasion of excluding the Princess of 
Wales in the House of Lords should have her included expressly and by 
name in the Bill when it passed the House of Commons which was 
accordingly done, but though the injury was repaired, the offence was 
not forgotten, and this was the occasion of tlie offers which were made 
to Mr. Pitt, first through Lord Albemarle and Lord Temple, and after- 
wards by the Duke of Cumberland. The arrangement first proposed 
was that Lord Northumberland should be at the head of the Treasury, 
a condition [to] which Mr. Pitt peremptorily refused to agree, which 
put an end to that negotiation. The Duke of Cumberland then tried, 
in conjunction with the Duke of Newcastle, to form an administration 
without either the friends of Mr. Pitt, or of the Duke of Bedford and 
Mr. Grenville, but that plan proving impracticable, they had again 
recourse to Mr. Pitt offering him the disposition of the whole Ministry 
uncircumscribed with any condition whatsoever. Of these proposals 
Mr. Pitt had actually accepted, but before the person who carried them 
had returned to London the Duke of Cumberland prevailed on the 
King to reinstate the old Administration in their offices, of which, how- 
ever, they did not accept, till the King had resumed his assurances that 
he would never again be advised by Lord Bute, and till he had con- 
sented to remove Lord Holland and Mr. McKenzie, Lord Bute's brother, 
the first from the Pay Office, the last from the Privy Seal of Scotland. 
'Tis supposed that the Duke of Cumberland's inducement for advising 
the King to continue the old Administration was his having received 
information of a reconciliation which has since taken place between Mr. 
Grenville, Lord Temple, and Mr. Pitt, and from an apprehension that 
if they were placed in gi*eat ministerial offices the whole government 
of the country would fall into their hands in consequence of their 

The Dcke of Bedford is said to have expostulated with His Majesty 
with a very extraordinary degree of spirit and freedom. He reminded 
him that he came into government at His Majesty's repeated boiicita- 
tion contrary to his own inclinations to the advice of all his friends, 
and very much to the prejudice of his health, that nothing should have 
prevailed on him to alter the determination he had first resolved on, 
but the assurances given him by Lord Bute that he never would inter- 
fere in any public business ; but solemn and repeated as his lordship's 
promises were, he knew at the time they were made, how little they were 
to be relied on, but he blushed to remind His Majesty that even his 
Royal word had been pledged to confirm what his lordship's busy and 
meddling temper rendered it impossible for him to adhere to, and con- 
cluded with repeating the interdiction against Lord Bute, and insisting on 


Mss. OP the disniis<«Al of lii< lirothtT nn«l Lord IlollunJ, which thn Kinf;, tboa<>h 

lK>"Mriin'afuKK. ^'i^l> ^^^*' utmost nhictjinro, wtis compclIe<l tu agroo lo. II 18 Mnji vt j i» it 

— present, hi;;hly dis»jnti^ti«»il willi nliiiost every on« of his serraii's in<l 

tlieir want of iiopiiliirity, addrd to the loss of tlie Kiii;i:*8 favour (•• 

support, will iimk*' (lie pn*.«<iMit adiniuistrntion but of vury short duntioc" 

ITt'i.*). August c»r SeptemU^r. — [The Same to the Snine.] 
'* I th<iu£;lit it better to avoid jriviii;^ you nny unnecessury tronble bf 
sending: yon at the »inie tiuie sueli papers as I underetocNl were neces- 
sary in on Irr to entitle nie to n'ceive Sir. Burke^H p4.*n?«ion. Till Lord 
Northumberland's leavin;r the (government of Ireland, it was nncertaiu 
whether his Kxeellcney niip:lit nut ehoose to assume the merit of savin)! 
so much to the K>tabli»hmeiit by sinking it entirely as it would at thif 
same time have answenvl another purpose do less desirable, that of fin- 
ventin^i^ a person known to be attacheil to Mr. Hamilton, from reoeivins 
any lN>nefit hy his kind intent inns. No Ptep however has been taken 
from that (piarter, i;or is it likely our pres^cnt Lord Lientemmt wiD 
have leisnrt* or ineliiiation ti interfere in a inatU'r of so private a natorr 
lut the tnin^actioii between Mr. Ilaniilton and Durke. I am flornrti' 
ae<piaiiit \ou there is no probability of u reeoneiliation between tbw 
gentlemen. Mr. Mnrtay who ba.s been so pKxl [as] to take our lctter> 
into hid charge is inforineil of all tliu particulars of this extrmordinarr 
rupture, and will satisfy you U-tter tliaa I am able to do by letter ot' 
wiuite\er vou niav find ditlieult to reroneiltr or aeciaint for from tlh- 
ini|H.*rfi'et or partiid ri-preHMitatioiid which it is most likely liaie been 
madi* of this traii^'aelioii in Irelaml. Mr. Hamilton's tellinc me ht 
intendiil tn write to you a very long letter made me decline trouUio^ 
you with my relation of a matter whieh he is so much more capable of 

exphiiniiiL: to ynur h^atisfavtion.** ** The afsignmeati 

whieh Mr. Mnilav delivers to vmi are not cxactiv the siiiuewith thai of 
whieh vt.u w:is > i obliging to M-nd me a copy, but diTer from ita^I 
apprelii'iid ill no resent lal part!«'iilar. The nature of the caM' requimi 
that the :i-^igniiteiit ^li<«iild hfrt take notice of its lieing mmlefurao/ 
peeniiiarv eon«iiileriition no sueh ha\ ing been paid. As Mr. Barkr 
varied t'l iiiti hi'i orJLMiial prM|Mj.-iil of eouveying lii:4 pension to nie ifl tht* 
first iiisiaiH-f :(tiil insistt-il on tran-ierring it to Mr. Colthur^t wbo i' 
.^I^. llaiiii!'<iii*'« :iltortie\, it was nee 'es.sjirv there should lie Iwo aiNpi- 
meiir>. bniti of uhieh v«iu will reeeive one from Mr. Hurkc lo Mr 
(\iltliur-i find the other from .Mr. Oiltliurst to me.** . . . I rcqiK»t 
vo;i to lake whali-ViT M«'!»s mav be neees^-arv. 

I7')-K S[iii'nibi'r 17. ralnierMon. — Jtihn Ilely Ilutchinsoo tt 
KoIhi'I tFrpli^on. 

•' I \\:-h Mr. .Mai\iy h.ul b.'eii s-i obli;:ih;: to have lell a n .|e thai b-' 
calh-d nil *u iw alnxn luivinr.^: ; ihr delav of waiting for v«»ur answer t^ 
lii'^ It tt- r n-iirlit pi(tl> i!i!\ li:tve \»fi\ pii'veiiied and I .should have bec^ 
vtr\ ;:!:i'l tli:it ilii** :ttl.-iir hail liteii oniet iNTitie the iiMVlin;; of 0^ 
Pailiaiiiei.t. In inv Li^t leiii-r t«) .Mr. Hamilton I told him that lOiO' 
of tie priiK-ipal pi 'iple hiie lalked «if i-i-.-uuiing this |>«'ii.*»ion, and rt^f^' 
nienili- 1 liiiit pneantion- nia\ )m- lakt ii to prevent any nl tempi of t^** 
kin-1 ; I inw tind tiiai a .'i <«i>l'it:>tn Ih'n U-en taken tn briug this otfH^ 
lielore till* llmiM' of ('i'mnii>ii> m>m:i aiter our tneiiing. K\rrjthU>f 
ihai I i-an i|o, Imih in the Ilnniii- and nut of the 1I(iu.m.\ for pnn'eRl*^' 
and liet'eiire xhiill \»' di'Ui-. ^liurt of an approb.ition of the me ai g* ^* 
whieh (n> lu i:ii*>i.ii.din^ ni\ deti n nee to hi> supeiior jud|;meDl« and tPj 
knowleiluf Iff tiie gi-ni loii- >i-ntinients of friemNhip, which govern •**^ 
conduet) no p«i^.-ii Iv ?tate of the rupture can justify to my judpn^**" 


If this is the sense of one of the men in the world most partial to him, MSS. of 
what most be the opinion of the indifferent, and what the clamour of Doj^J^hmom. 
the prejudiced ? I speak only of the assignment from Mr. B[urk8] to — 

Mr. H[amilton'8] attorney ; as to anything done in friendship to you 
I know no man nor woman either, that would not be pleased with it. 
I have always professed, and I hope acted, with plainness and candour, 
and I should condemn myself of an unfriendly reserve, if in an article of 
importance and delicacy I did not lay before my friend mine and the 
general sense ; and I thought it due to my regards for you, to commu- 
nicate it to him through your hands. T shall, however, u^^e the same 
language to my Lord H[ertford] that I did to my Lord N[orthum- 
berland] (for which, by the way, tell Mr. Hamilton his Lordship 
remembered to forget the small matter of 300 per annum, though two 
opportunities offered before his exit) that I shall consider any attack 
npon Mr. H [ami] ton] as an attack upon myself. I shall also apply to 
every friend of mine, but I should think a letter from you to Lord 
S[haDno]n would probably make every attempt end in ridicule. I shall 
only add, that anything relative to pensions is a tempting morsel to 
opposition, and this is a new step on dangerous ground." 

1765, September 26. — Robert Jephson to John Hely Hutchinson. 

** I have communicated your letter to Mr. Hamilton from which he 
cooclades the assignments of Mr. Burke's pension, which \^ e took the 
liberty of sending to you by Mr, Marl ay have not yet been delivered 
into the Treasury. Mr. Hamilton apprehends that this delay may have 
given Mr. Burke's friends hopes that there might have been some com- 
promise or accommodation between them, which is directly contrary to 
Mr. Hamilton's determination, and that the threat of bringing this 
ajfair into the House of Commons may have some weight with Mr. 
Hamilton. He desires me to return you his thanks for the solicitude 
yon express, and the pains you are so good to take, in this business, but 
at the same time, desires me to entreat it, as a favour, that you would 
not be anxious upon a point, in regard to which he himself is totally 
indifferent. So far as relates to me, Mr. Hamilton will be concerned 
if the pension is resumed ; but so far as relates to himself he is entirely 
nneoucemed, whether the consideration of this matter comes before the 
House of Commons or not and what may be the event if it does, and he 
begs yon will be at no trouble to preveiit the mentioning of it, or to 
embarrass yourself with the defence of it, if it is mentioned, for he 
desires me to repeat to you, that he cannot be in the smallest degree 
affected by the resumption of the pension, in any other manner than as 
it takes an income from me, which he wishes I may enjoy ; but ns to 
any justification of Mr. Hamilton's conduct, he has not a wish that it 
should be attempted by anyone. As to what you are so good to offer 
to say to Lord Hertford, Mr. Hamilton has wrote to you a very long 
letter about a fortnight since and sent it by a private conveyance, but 
through the delay of the person who carries it, it probably may not 
reach you till some time hence; but he requests that no transaction 
relative to him, may create the smallest difficulty to you. So far for 
Mr. Hamilton. I must now beg leave, to trouble you with a few ^\ ords 
for myself, as I am convinced that nothing but Mr. Hamilton's friend- 
ship lor me occasioned that part of his conduct which you say is dis- 
approved. It was not once, but fifty times ; it was not by one person, 
but by ten ; that Mr. Hamilton desired Mr. Burke should retain the 
pension which he had procured for him ; but Mr. Burke found upon 
advising with his friends that however inclinable he was to keep the 
pension himself, it was better for him, after the obligations he had 

U 60050. B 


^I** f ! I r. -^ 1 .1, .!■ ■! •' . • •: .':«■'. ir* : t- In- ! ; I • M!"r»'l in In, fn sl%»' it IJT» ; hT. \ 

» • ..■.■:.-." 

■ ■ ■ ' ■ * ■ ■ ' 


■■''...■■ .'T ■■■• ! •. ' I' ■?■-!■■ J-.- !. I.T'.r ri*-: 
■ !. .'■ ■..-!.'. ■ - _ ■ : ■ r' ■ I •.!'!■: I i--\ ■ - Ti.. I/, ii. ; 
K . . :. t » t.- '■ I : I •■!•:;..■: v. I, i. !, Mr. J|.,t? ;:•»:..;•• 

3.1 t •■ ! ;.!• !■■ ;.\ !.•■ I • « ■ I • '!■ ' .-• !■ ■ ■:- • f • ' •, r ' \\ .i« lo !•• • m. 
I'l \ . 1 '■• :i..if. . i • r -■ 1. • ; ■.■ ■'■..-. .-■.:'. r « I. ■■ . i.t i- |ti.'t^. 
i i.ii;:"!i '" ■!• ■ 1 i'«- I • !. .- :. \' ' '. ^ ' ■ • • •■ ji:!. !!• M.i* Lir.d •■L' .Ji*.. 

Ill jii :i r I" - . tV : '1 :'' ■ »!i:ii I :ili. . : \ l'.^ fi- • :i!i\ j« r^^-ii w !i»» J.*- 

;i|«|'l"'-i •! -•!■ i; ;i :i ■ I •!> t'.*-.}! I • •■•. .rj I:i!ii:.'i, I rtiii f'.n'f«r*«l !■) 
tiinl !!.ik" 'lii '. ■ -• •■! T !.. :. '.I ■. . :'.»•■!. 1 l.i-i- Iwn f.^rt*, n-a 
iii:n •!•■,• :i') '.[-.'). it Mi' I l.i!:.. !• ti li.i- cii'- !• !:• r !iij!ii Mr |ljrk<- :d 
uli:il. !.• i.f'i : ■ '■ M".;. ti.i* i»- j . ■:. !• ar,\ |»i n«. n, and b M-nwid li 
\il.:i i. I.- •!• ' I:iii • I - II. Ill' I - .'.'i*' \' '. ;iiil !.■ w : I Imr ■?• r :t . i.Ii •.■ 


Mr II i!!. I*''i*- .k't-i :.. \ 1 ll i-.k i' ii.t ^' j.'i.l :*'■ !•• tli:- Aiii-mt:- ;x 4 
riiiii«l I'll'* • I •!• •! iV>iii a •!• --.Ti <-i -' !l t * k >. r.* ili*' |h n-iiin. mn%\ that 
I in- I !'• t • ! i: \ ;• ■.' t! MP P . .'K? - r\ • . =-^ :i.I ••! t'li- »nfn*ii 'j:\ii. ' :l ':r. 

11*1. «!■:•'.••' M: i 1 iii.-!t«>ri !:.: fit ' ;• i f t«i tin- rio-;* ili;; it thri<ii^ 

till- ii.i •!•■ •■? I •■I.'. • \ .k: f • Mr. I!.i'i:-.%»f; ) .v\ "•■ijai'itv ••fni'ijh to •** tl.> '^.t-i'!.. iiiii f'.'-l-li'ii • '.■■':i;h I'-r iii" \** «!i-ri|*mrd ?!■ 
Yi>il 1^! •>'•^ ^ ' ' ■• utl!?fi.i! :i!; .;)•. •'..! ' ' : f ■»! . \ •• i if n t. .tni«riMifl likf 
tlli"*, •'! *■ !:>'■ iMlT.i'V. > ,\i.r-r Il...'i ll- • • ;i! ;i!!, a' il that it it LKp^ 
hii-li i\ .i!.:i< iIm • ••iiii>.i<o ■ : :i !• "• :- t>> r^ ! it<- *\i>rt rirriiiri*ilArii^ «h Hk 
ir iiiiL'l'! iiiit )<• ('uult !•• ili> .1; I ( r-i'Ti. ului ti mil iiiaL** it (^ r^pirut<i«. 
I'tit I r.ti.".>in n.v cW' L:.>>i\ ':• i!l'< , :i-.tiii \i.ii that ixi-r^t iinpArtuJ 
|iif>i'ii I \ .\t 111 ; vi.lli. \\\i*' i .- i • .iTil -.1 rli.kilv ami fiillr »tAt(^ 
iij»ri • * w ill i..« ti.' j J !_'!ii« •.; I l..«\'- ti rtiifi iij*-!! a jwrffT! 

ni'(|ii:i litalii • Willi •%! IV |:ir;ii! tl< t r.iTi<<r.i :i ii 

'* It r!:i:ri i« ! !n« \>i'> iiii:<-ii :*' tit d In-iii tin- nM:.-:>ij; mani»«-r tS 
mliii'h ^t••|.lr• •• u'' <• i ■" • !Ti r I.. \i-<;r i ••!:it:ii;i mi tht« n r—rnr^ 
llint I )..%■%• n- 'iM' i T.«i •• ?!" iT'-. : V '•• r j i--t la: ;i- I am) t'iin«'«'rTkCti ^ 
thi<> I- ;*:r.' ■ -, .r.-i ^' =i w. I :■ t | ]. ;- . iK-.i.k it pri -'iiitptixii in nr, b 
ijril-kii Ml! I !ii\< ii:«<i .if • .1-' "I'll •::-::iti r«-«ti <!n«*>«*, ms«1 kitr 
!•< I II lip • !-• 1 I • ri i t .»; ti.i i !'!•■ irii^i-i-t I um m^> nf mn% rttv^- 
i-il:.ii:>''. i-f%\<<ti Mi. M:iiii;il"ii .i'.<I K'ifki*. lIi'iM I mil p'.t-aM^I al ife 
lf|%.ii.t j'l \\ li:> I. Ii:.iv .1 • . ■!• !•• Ii'c it li.i t-Xpi ti«»* «>t' llif lallrr. Sff. 
I'.ii'k' 11 :• • tl I .-•!•:. I I. (].• --i-l.<i :•- !:.• ri!:!'!! t}ii' i mn.i>«tttf« ioi 
Miiii: * -. \\:''i \v!.. ii I lil»-i:<il * v .iii :i • • !iiln< tial;!*!!, nr.<| | havr ■* 
it-.i"*--. !•• • ;iii'Ti| ;.• 1 ;i.-i:;ii.' hi \«;::ih iii.l'« Ik |4I>"« <1 npi-ffl tut ^ 
|Hr««-.'> : l:; %'. (•• i:.< !:.»:. M: Ii:rN<. 'a h> li li.i'V an* at vri 

• 9 

sisli : :i -l • l :i \ • ■ ■: il ;■ ?." 

17''. N r'.rj* ll.r;. *^l • • I, I » .».:ii.. Churl. * I UTM fc» 

.1. ! ' II- i. I! .'• h > 1 I t ki-ij >.:rii ** :• r hi"* I'xir^ur litiarv lu»^ 


iiinl •: • i- • :• -i '.'• 'i»' '■' ••'•• ''■• ' ' V J;i\»«»jr." I 

I T'*''. **•;'• !■ : *■ I ' .'■ n « I :! . n.i-ii..i« \V;iiti', SvrrCWJ W 

ll.. I...: - .I.-...- /' j"i/f. ||.i>| Ikop.l thai k« 

I III !• >| ■ :: ;!•■'■ .'. ; :..•-. t- i an it •! tht* |n-iui ftC kMk 

• .:! . • ■ . : • .:■-... I.t .1 - j: V :\ ..| .h:|i fur hit-. ■• II M 

.r.i •'..•• ■...:■. I I . ,. ■!.. I." i«7. ll r •■i.i- ..f tl.i- . ihcr. H# 

i:\.. . \ ' .■■• ' k. •: I- ■?. • •MM !•: hi- !'a|||i!i if h« kii 

th" _;' ? ■ ■ ■ A . .•!.'! it I- !»■ t ar. IP |tnv« 

ll.i: .. 'i! . I. : '. I .1- ■ ■ lI.- -♦ill i-I an • l;tp.(iti 

;:.?.".■•■ k' • ■ ■. I. Hi . . Ill- KlrrUr«(f 

ii.i.-; r : . ] ' ■ I : ' * y.r tit hi. lUit tl tMfli 

!■• ' 1' - • • Hi > : M • • • r I'liiiT li'ttrM (ri<n l^ 

li..i .. .. . ^ ; I;. I-:: .1-. . '... il.i- Mrfchanto' Ka< 

They want near 14,000/. for the building, and there is not at this time MRS. of 
above 11,000/. in the Treasury. . . . "I have an office which if DoNoifo^MOBE. 
the day consisted of 48 hours would have stomach for them all. I — 

have not time or abilities or inclination to sit down and pump for 
essays and narratives with not one word of truth in them as my Master 
Hamilton used to do for Mr. Pery's amusement and to show how well 
he could write. . . . Miss Marsell of Limerick the famous 
singer is married to Tenducci as is confidently reported in this town, 
• . . The news since the packet came in is that Lord Bristol is 
forthwith to be appointed Lord Lieutenant and Lord Hertford Master 
of the Horse and that Lord Bristol is to bo constantly resident in 
Lreland. I don't suppose that it can be true." 

1766, September 12. Dromoland, co. Clare. — Sir Lucius O'Brien to 
John Hely Hutchinson. . , . " I am persuaded the end we aim at 
is the same though different stations and very different talents have 
led us to use different means for its attainment yet not such as prevent 
me the honour of co-operating often with you for the public service. 
Lord Beauchamp seems to think this rather a favourable conjuncture 
for Ireland. I cannot help thinking it very fortunate that you who 
understand and love its interests so well should at such a time be 
present in the great scene of action." Am anxious that the sons of Doctor 
Lucas should be assisted. 

1766, September 17. Belvidere. — ^Lord Bowes, Lord Chancellor, to 
John Hely Hutchinson. "Whether Lord T[emple] dictated directed 
or delivered in conversation the allowed facts in the pamphlet to which 
your letter refers are questions in which the public is not concerned ; 
the Brothers [Temple and Pitt] must adjust that matter between 
themselves. They [the public] may (if they please) avail themselves 
of what is admitted and thence be informed that the late ministerial 
confusion has arose from their declining the service of their country on 
personal considerations and it will be difficult to assign any patriotic 
principles on which their with -holding such assistance could be justified. 
Enlarge your Litany by joining Patriotism to Politics and from both — 
deliver us. The plan for residence [of the Lord Lieutenant] is not as 
yet understood here. Ignorance excites suspicions and thence wild 
conjectures. Gentlemen are to be rendered insignificant preparatory to 
an Union — at least they are to be closeted and cajoled to make way 
for the Land Tax &c. <&c. Notwithstanding which I am persuaded 
those whom it may concern see the advantages which may result from 
this measure better than we do or it will rest in speculation." Referring 
to the appointment of Foster as Lord Chief Baron. 

1766. — John Hely Hutchinson to the Earl of Chatham. 

" Though I am very apprehensive that your Lordship will be 
surprised at this liberty from a stranger yet his Majesty's Prime 
Serjeant in Ireland and the representative for the City of Cork, a place 
fio justly and affectionately attached to your Lordship flatters himself 
that he may meet with forgiveness if he expresses the greatest solici- 
tude when any circumstance has occurred that might possibly have 
made the least impression on your Lordship's mind to his prejudice. 
By a letter from Lord H[ertford] I find he has done me the honour to 
mention my name to your Lordship and to recommend my removal to 
the King's service in this country. I beg leave to assure your Lordship 
that this idea, for which I am obliged to Lord H.'s favourable opinion, 
proceeded from his own suggestion. I never had the vanity to expect 
that English administration could have really thought my poor assist- 

B 2 


MfW. Of ancc worthy tlu'irnttontion and that from my situation in Ireland I conU 

DosIouou'moiie. "^^'^r h»«vi' 1io|mmI for such a cliaiig** as could liavo bcvn mn induopneDt 

— to a n'lk^'OIlllllll' man, tlioti^^li I iiitiM nt the samo time nay, that makine 

' the Fninllcsl part in tiic system of Lord Chatham would fic an object Ol 

my most rnrncst and ambitions pursuit. If my little knowled^ of the 

affairs of Ireland in the conduct oi' wliich I have hail a principal ihtrv 

in the llou-it' of ('ommouA since his ^Iajesty*s accession can be thooghl 

to d(*MTvo a moment of your Lor<Iship*d attention I pbould bevcrj 

happy to 1n> linnoured with an opportunity of laying before joor 

Ix>rds]ii]i my sentiments u{>on the singular and critical cireumBtancen of 

that Kin<;dom. 1 sliould «>ndeavour to do it faithfully and impartiaD/ 

havinj^ no C(»iineetiou with any man or i>arly, and having, since I waft 

calle<l ujMtn to stTvo the Crown, actetl uniformly ta the senrmnt of 

Kn^li>h Government there, which I have always thought the oolj 

effectual nietliod of doing real service to that country.'* (Draji.) 

1707, tlannary 2. London. — Lord Hertford to John Ilely Ilutcbin- 
Fon. " Lonl (Mtatitam iif at the I hit h and the Miidtftors dispersed for 
the holidavs. The Ka>t India proprietors at their lasit meeting have 
resolved to treat with Ciovernment.** Is still ignorant whetbiv liord 
Bri.-tol has as yet fonno<I any plan either as to men or measures for the 
government of Ireland. 

17^>7, January 20. London. — Sir AVilliaro Mayne to John Ilelj 
Ilntehinsoii. *M should 1n> madder than the wildest upho1«lerer were 
I to pretend to give you an account of the |)oIiticfl of this coaotryt 
which are either so <leop thnt none can fathom, or so vague and airj 
that no fixed opinion um be forme<l of them . . • King Lords 
and Commons are met, hut no business as Lord Chatliam is drove bad 
to Hath by a mo^^t uncnnsiUutinnal fall of snow, and k factious reCon 
of hii gcut, and it is whis|K're<l he left London much difcatiitfit'd." 

I7^>7, August .3. Parsons <trcen. — tMmund Burke to John Helj 

'* I a<>ure yon, I have a very sincere desire, in my preaent humble 
situation, to do anything that may Ih^ pleasing to you. I should hive 
the same if I had as much |>ower, as your (virtiality could with me. 
Ihit 1 eannot move the iimehine, ur even gni&se the wbecla. Mj 
frii-mlH :ire out of p(»wer, and likely to continue so. \jot\\ RockiDgfaan 
is g(»iie ti> the (*ountry without oiliei* and with dignity. Ijord Ilristol I 
coulil niit even know. L«)rd Townshend I do know to«i welL His 
brother ha- no r«';;ard for me and I have no confidence in him. Joil 
HI matters ^tand, and I will not make any para<le of my willin guf to 
run vour cnaniN. lN'eau>e it wouM l(»ok like that cheap ami conmoii- 
plaee way of shrwin;^ one*s good inelinations, when no wrvir<» is desiredv 
l»ecaus(' no M-r\i{e ean bf done. I think it very likelv that the 
(Mianerllor wiiMie appointed from Iienre. In the conversations whicfa 
I hear, it is tulkeil of ii*< a M»rt nf maxim of (fovemment. But io ike 
end the aeetumnodation of thi'ir (»wn arranct'Uient is the princi|ile ihnj 
will pn <•« ed n|)«)n. It wa> this priui'iple that niaih* fjoni Townshend 
Lorit Lii-ntrnaiit. at least I cannot eoiieeive any other, and havi* bal • 
miiderate opiiiiiiii nf tlifir ptiliev «\en in that. On Lord Chatham's 
def'lme in hi-.-iltli and enpaciry. Kockingham was wished with 
lii-« frieni!*'. i«) a('i'<-ile to tl;e remains of that atlministralion. lie tried lo 
form a plan nt' ^ticn^'tli: but in tlii> altmipt he faihil, and be wa^ 
unwilliiiLr to ti riti the projeit of a wi ;ik one, or to make a fiart in suclk 
fi ^\<^tiin Tl.* I>nke (if (irafd'O and Mr. Conwav wlai uprmnl aK 
lirpt v« TV ^ensiliji- nf the di-tieieneie*. i»f their own ^v^tcm. took 


from the failure of their negotiations, and resolve to all appearance, to M8S. ot 

hold on that Bute bottom upon which Lord Chatham had left them. i^irSi^^oia. 

As their garrison is very small, it became absolutely necessary that — 

iLere should be more harmony amongst them tl an appeared in the last 

Sesnion. Townshend is become of more consequence; and, if possible 

io fix his levity, they have made his brother Lord Lieutenant, which I 

know to have been long his object. Lord Townshend is thought to 

have a great ascendant over Charles. I imagine this has been their 

motive ; they have wanted agreement within themselves, for I am sure 

this has given them no strength from without. If they should attempt 

to enlarge themselves, and to extend their line of achate, they will 

probably attempt to get Sir Fletcher Norton. If they can compass this 

the Master of the Rolls [Sir Thomas Sewell] will be thrown upon you ; 

and Oh ! Earth lay light on him ! for sure no man ever bnrthened it so 

much. I thiok their attempt on Sir Fletcher very likely ; because 

I know they had a negotiation with him last winter. If this should 

fiul, and they think of your side, the consideration of the offices which 

you have to resign, would, I should think, weigh a great deal with Lord 

Townshend provided he has any man whom he loves enough for the 

moment to wish a provision for." {Imperfect. Beginning lost,) 

1767, August 6. Fitzgerald to John Hely Hutchinson. 

" I wish you had thought of coming over here directly upon the 

Chancellor's death. I am persuaded you would have succeeded, and I 

have little doubt, were you here now, of your being able to bring 

it about. Lord Bristol has recommended Lord Annaly, but declaring at 

the same time that he thought that office too great to fall within his 

department ; the object of the Ministry here is to get Norton, for which 

purpose they would make Sewell Chancellor and Lord de Grey to 

be Master of the Rolls, but Norton has refused hitherto, and it will 

probably be difficult to separate him from Grenville ; you may, if on 

the spot, give our new Governor Lord Townshend (who was yesterday 

declared so in Council) very good reasons for preferring you, which 

reasons might operate with equal force with the Minister who is to 

dispose of the place, so that I wish you would if possible come here 

« MOon as possible. The spirit cf indecision that now prevails, will 

"Very probably postpone this business some weeks. Bristol has been 

superseded at his own desire, and will probably have some other place, 

or a marquisate. Charles Townshend*s wife has got a barony descendible 

to his issue. There are several Irish peerages. Coloony and Lord 

Clive, made Earls ; Upton and Bishop of Cloyne, Privy Counsellors ; 

Tom FitzGibbon and George Hamilton, King's Counsel ; It*s known 

^luit if Lord Bristol had succeeded for Lord Annaly, he would have 

recommended John FitzGibbon for the King's Bench," 

1767, August . — John Hely Hutchinson to Lord [Townshend]. 
^Tging his chiims and qualifications for Xhe vacant Chancellorship. 

1767, August 27. Audley Square. — Lord Townshend to John Hely 
HutchinsoiL In reply to the last observing that he has had other 
applications from Ireland and will do justice to all by laying them 
fairly and fully before the King. 

1767, [September]. — John Hely Hutchinson to Lord Townshend. 
Hcply to the last. {Draft.) 

1767, September 12. London. — Lord Hertford to John Hely 
Hutchinson. "My brother [Hon. Henry Seymour Conway, Secretary 


Mss. iJF of Stfttr] nciiujiints ir.f tliat lie did justice to my request in rppntinf? 
]/•>'< r mi MR r. v<>"r |>n-t«■ll^i<>||s to tiie (ircat Seal oi' Irclniul. I Acquainteil joo long 
— >iii(*o tlint I had takfii nn cnrl}' opportunity of doin^^ it in}'f>elf ami mj 

only n»:i-<fn lor truublin;; you at pn's»'iit is to infonii you that jour com- 
iii:iiids liavi* Ihmmi olH-yed hy nu', wlintcvcr the succcsa may In*." 1 bc^liere 
thfi'i' is ni> iniiiUMliati* pm>poct of its hfiii«; «^iven away. Commissionen 
will probahly I>o ap|>oiiiti>d. 

17()7, OctolM-r i>, Saltiiiil. — W. (icrard Hamilton to John Helj 
IIuti*iiiii.^o:i. I writi' on my way to Ihith. ''The lionl Lieutenant is io 
his own mind porsnadud lit* ^ihali have the seals of Irehind to di8|MMeoft 
hut lit' M the .same time has not had sueh us^surances as will warrant hi» 
makin<; a promise of them to any of the competitors on your vide of the 
watfi*. I have luft with eirt*nmstane>-s whieh make uie douM wbetber 
TiMlaleV t»l>j(-«'t is really to be Chanri'Uor, or only to sound hit preten- 
Mi»ns as hi;.'h us pos.'*ible, that they mi{>ht l>o bought o£F as dear tf 
pr)^siM«^ . . . ( I real puins hnvt^ been taken to persuade both tlie Lonl 
Lieuti-nant and his >>eeri'tary fhat yon would not heofTcudeil at any pre* 
ferenci' that was nhown to Tisilah* " on the (n*ound of his age and (oBg 
services. << ('unnin;;hame Im^ been a ]irin<*ipal |H.*rformer in cunvering 
thi'M* impressions. 1 tiiink 1 havcrrmoved thfmentindy. . . . ThepoiDt 
which I n commend to press, because I found in conversation it had the 
<;n';itcst wciirht with both tln' Lord Lieutenant and his secretary wtf 
thi^ * That vou desin-d nothint; more than that the Seals should he Wft 
opi-n to the close t>f the H'»ion and be <^iven to the |ierson who upoo 
trial >houll be found mo>i serviceable to the I^ord Lieutenant*^ GoTem- 
nient.*. . . . LiirdTown-^hcnd is excecdin^rly partial tOfJephMonaod 
wisiii-s to biin;: him into Parliament. I want to luive it done ininudiatelj. 
It will ha\«' ;:reat wei;;ht, if you tell his Kxcellency that from JephsonV 
talent, h'- W(.!ild probably be tA' *ri-r:\i u^<' to (lovcrnment in the very nest 
M's^ion. 1 am persna>Ie«l he would make some Irish member a peer, ibr 
the >ake <»f ^retlini; .Ii-phsi^n a seal." 

[IT'iT], X<»vember U/i. Arlin^tnn Street. — The iSumc to the Same- 
** Ui;:by sjiiiiks «if your ability in ti-rms of very ptrnn«r eoranieiidationv 
and riilieuli"* the ide:i of any maii**« .>-nppi>sin;^ that the tnlentd of jour 
anta;;<*iii>tr- are not in ev«'ry n'sjH-ct inferior to your own. 

** I ciiuebitie that HoyleV app •tntincnt to the n'V«*nuc lioard will hav*^ 
reconciled Tisdale to the Lonl Lieutenant. But Ri;;hy assured me ih*^ 
will n he !i!^ [niund. the Attornev was nmrc dissatisficMl than any m^ ** 
in it. Vnu dill n(»t, I take it f"r ;;raiited, intend that I fihould hmt ^^ 
letter to I.iiid To'.vnsliend, vour di^aiipn baiion of the manner in which b^ ' 
hail condni-ted him-' li' to vou. If ilieie isanvthin<;you wis^h to haresa^^ 
fo him. and wbieb >iiii >i»in'''i'!f «lnn't rhoose to sav, •Icplisiin, I thonm^^ 
think, wni:!<l e\eciiti- yutr command**, both with liildity and 
AikI \\ht!i 111- I'ft L':i::l.i!id hi- p:i:t'Mlity to Jephson wa** so p^*at t1 
niitliiiiLT AHiiM rom«- nn I'-Cfptable tn liim ihroii;!li that channel. It 1$ 
owh iipi:!!!!:!. nii-l I tbl'ik w a Will ;.'inn!iileil un*', that nut only you, hi 
tliMt L-'r-i 'r>>wn-li>nl liii:i-> If, u:idci-r.iti-- hi-^ own influenci' on this s 
«>f till- r. Tli<:> i ■ :i d<-nbt but he will be pi*nnittod to 
e\er\tlii:-;: wliieli lit- e:in |Ti'p->^>\ :it 1' a*'t in c.'V'*es when* the Enj^il 
a-iiK Jii-tra'ii':. ha. • im piii ;»«•.>•■ o' i].> ir ovv'i in answer by interf«riD| 
.-\n>l i-vt n til i -•!;.'!• < nf pi'W< r, eireum-cribed na it may ap|iear to 
fiml .-L> ii i-. mu-i, I *>li<>'i!il appn In 'nl, !>•• fully suflicient to indulge 
w i-li. - \>'\i II! ii.oM. :.i"- !l;i S- .i!^ ir: Iiil.'iiid are ilisponrd uf. 
I.'>i<l TiiW ;.»],. :..[ ii::ty, ii be |il'.i-'-. (nate Mrs. Ilutohinsou a 
t liuii J' \ li!< t'r v<-':i ""ii*- in the r- vcr>ion ; and contrive to 


the debt of the Alnage ; (which 1 conclude are your principal objects) MS8. op 
I can never bring myself to entertain the smallest doubt. If therefore, iJyoi^mioM. 
he pleads his want of power, with regard to such requests as these, it — 

proves only that he does not mean to gratify you in them, and you must 
take your measures accordingly. In the many conversations I held with 
Lord Townshend, I constantly took care to inform him that I could not 
in any degree be responsible for the part you would take ; and I often 
reminded him that I recommended you to his particular attention, not 
for your sake, but for his own. If you are to make resistance, remember 
our error in Lord Northumberland's time, and don't delay it till it is 
too late. The increase of the army is what, according to my judgment, 
every man in Ireland ought to oppose. There, if at all, I think you 
ought to make your stand. A peace establishment , for the support of 
which a kingdom must either lay new taxes, or annually run out, is an 
absurdity, that no pretended apprehension of danger can defend, or 
extenuate. An increase of expenses in Ireland must infallibly end in 
some taxation of a very general, and a very invidious kind. And it 
must for ever be a source of popularity to have opposed those measures, 
by which such an odious expedient has been rendered necessary. Upon 
such a topic you might, I am persuaded, start with infinite advantage 
to your character, and to your future prospects. I shall conclude, with 
telling you what, I believe, will surprise you, and what I must beg you 
would not communicate to anyone. The administration here declare 
that the Lord Lieutenant had no authority to recommend a law for 
making the tenure of the judges during good behaviour. I think, 
however, but I am far from being certain, that the Bill will pass. I can't 
help suspecting that Lord Hertford may have stated to the Lord 
Lieutenant something upon the subject of your unreasonableness, which 
may very possibly liave alarmed him. Would not it be worth your while 
to explain to Lord Townshend what passed between you and that dis- 
interested nobleman. But if you do it, do it personally, and not by the 
means of Lord F. Campbell." 

1768, March 17. — Lord Hertford to John Hely Hutchinson. 
Thanking him for defending his son Lord Beauchamp. The re- 
solutions of the Lords were extremely unpleasant, giving a dis- 
agreeable shade to a very innocent proceeding. When the Clerkship 
of Parliaments became vacant the first plan of disposing of it not 
taking efiect I wished to give it to a man who had pressed me because 
he wanted assistauce and had a title to my favour, but was re- 
strained because he was my agent. Lord Beauchamp then propoetd 
to obviate the objection by giving the employment to Dr. Gayef, a 
Lisbum man, making him a reasouable and handsome allowance and 
disposing of the rest to such persons in Lisburn as were pressing from 
the necessity of their circumstances. The measure even on ih\» 
foundation might be indiscreet because it was more likely to be taken 
up in a servant of either House of Parliament, and that quartering 
though done every day is not to be justified in argument especially in a 
House of Parliament. To talk of summoning Lord Beauchamp as a 
delinquent before Parliament is inconceivable and not to be reconciled 
with the least degree of moderation candour or equity, and can be 
ascribed to nothing but the political illwill of some very designing 
revengeful or ill-intentioned person. 

1768, April 7. — The Same to the Same on the same business. 
Observing that though the opposition in this country go great lengths 
he has never known an instance where a man ran so great a risk of being 


MBS. or triiNl ami roiiiliMnnoil nnhcanl. *' Lonl Shclbiirne, the StMsrcUrj oi 
DoiorftlnJoSL ^*"*** '^^^ ***** Soulhtin Drpaitimiit, has acqiiaintcil the I-ord Lieutenut 
— that hi' lias rrctivcd th.* resohitioiis of the Houm> of l«ord:«, Hn addnm 

ahout the Kxclian^t*, an address of thanks for the OcteniiiAl UUl from 
Watei-ford, Si(\y ^c, and has hiid them before the King» telling me that 
he thouj^ht Lord H<*aueh:uiip mueha])o\vrec('iviii<;aiiyroiDpliinctit from 
his [HMi antl that takin*; no other notiee of it than in such an Ilodj^ 
pod;;*' he hopini H'oiild l>e respectful, satisfactory to uh, and a HufBcieni 
imlicHtion of its reception heiv. Tlie Duke of Gniftun has wrote MMue 
time a;^> to Lord Towrishend to aequaint his Excellency with his 
sentiments n[)on this transiietiori and what was due in hisi opinion tea 
predece!«":or in oirice upon the present terms of the LieutenaDcy of 
Irelainl. ... I am conctTued as a well-wishor to Ireland to receive the 
picture vou have ho ahly tlr:iwu of its ]>olitical state, the features are 
not chan>;ed liy U^in^ beheld at a distance, and if great care and 
niana;^cmeiit are not employed the government of that kingdom will 
soon bfeome impractieable in any hands.** 

17(»S. — .T(»hn Hely Ilnteliiiifion to — O'llanu Ili^plying to the 
question how he inteiidfd to act in the pre.sent critical condition 
of the country. '* A virulent spirit of licentiousness has broke oat 
among us, threatening tlie di'.^'tiuetioii of all onler and subordination; 
the Limitation liill, thou>;h in my opinion a great acquisition for 
Irt*laiid has added great weight to the democruticul Hcale and will raiM 
the Ii'ViT f>f false popularity higher than iK'fore ; political coniestn must 
inereiise this fvil as one side will ever api)eal to tlie |MfO|>le. Irish 
administration has been for mutie veard past gentle fluctuating timid 
and relaxes i :ind lias frequently acted not tm the curb but often as the 
instrument of fart ion. I'here never was a time when the mihl execntife 
government of this country requin'd lirmness and sy.steui mora the 
prescMit, and consequently when e%'ery honest mon ought to be dispoeed 
t'> ^ivc his a**^i.'*taiire t«j stri-ngthen the hands of ijoveniment. The 
situation of afTnirs in Auht Ca and the late di.*«tnrbaWos in Kngland 
ought t(» 1m' strong inducements to the friends of Ireland to exert 
themselves in supporting thi^ KingV mea.suren with all the ability of 
their eountrv. 'rhe<:e an' niv sentiments ; I^^rd Townshend's manner 
of treating me might have afteot«il my temper but ha*< not nltercil mj 
(qtininn. 1 was always rea'ly to support an augnientalion in a rcaaonable 
mo<le and without ineonsiMeney. I was not nor nm 1 we«hli^ to aaj 
part:<'u!ar plan, but oflereil Jionl Townshend my asM^lanec to modd 
that wlreh wa« proposed in such a manner as wouhl have ensured the 
success of it withiiut anv pos-iible objection on the side of Great 
Kritain : Imt I wa-^ told by his K\cellen<*y that he had not tht* |N>veriif 
varying it :ir.v r<v|Mrt, nut e\eii in the expn-s>ii>ns. Tliat mrasiue 
being ]it an e!id I am also de^irouN to p) on with governnienl as a 
H'rv:int of tlii- Crown unconnect*-il with any |»iirty, whieli I have done 
unitornilv •^im-e mv lHin>: in otiice, till our military master di*nied me 
my i;ink ami ri-ibh •-•! me to a "^ubaltorn. Thi-rv are two other im6jeft» 
on which I '*n;(ll :i!'>i> be explicit. Whitlier there sliiill be a rvadilenl 
L<»rd l.ii-'it.'nant <>r in*! I liit\«' no conciin, my opinion is for it, and as 
to till* power ot' the r* \eMi:e I nni indilfcrent where it ^lulll 1>0 placed or 
how It shall b>' neMhlhd. It' the nobh'inan and the r«immoni*r with 
wl.i»ni I actfl in the la^t Si-s^jdn. r\iipt in tlie n flair of the 3 months' 
Mohev Kill in which I iii«i not ctmcur, «houlil Ih.* rcuio\i^l it wtMiM uol 
be in ni\ piiwi-r :i^ a ni.i!j of iion<iur to continue in otfice, though I 
not umh I jiii\ .-Mill !■: ^j.jl:' n:- i.!." (/huff.) 


1768, December 14. — George Colman to John Hely Hutchinson. MAS. or 
Thanking him for his attention to his Buit. " To use your own allusion i^^otohmom 

you hare the cri tick's semper ad event urn for ever before you, and want — 

no spur to hasten the catastrophe/' 

1769, January II. — John Hely Hutchinson to Lord Hertford. 

"The subject [of his enclosure] seems to me to have been con- 
sidered as of greater importance than belongs to it. 1 was one of 
the warmest advocates against the rejection and against the reasons 
assigned, because the assignment of reasons for rejecting bills appeared 
to me in all cases to be unparliamentary, and when tending to contradict 
Acts of Parliament uuconstitutiunal, but still it is a question of mere 
form ; the supply is asked from the Commons, the money bill is taken 
ap io their house as part of tlie supply to be granted by them ; their 
Speaker takes it to the House of Lords and presents it to the Lord 
Lieutenant !»s the gift of the Commons who receive thanks from the 
throne for it as for their benevolence. A protest does not control the 
right of the Commons to reject, and if they pass it, it is considered by 
them apd accepted by the King as their Act. Whether the bill should 
originf^te in the Council or with the Commons appears to me to be 
mere matter of form. I have nothing to say in defence of departing 
frora the constant course of procedure, and giving offence to the 
si'.perior without a possibility of serving the inferior country, but it 
ieems to me to be the interest of both kingdoms and particularly of 
Ireland that the subject should be understood as it really is and not as 
involving any question of subordination or dependency." {Draft,) 

1769, May 18. — The Same to the Same. "I have had the mis- 
fortune of being altogether mistaken in every conversation that has 
passed l^tween us [the Lord Lieutenant and himself], and these 
mistakes have been constantly circulated in this country and have 
frequently made their way to the other side of the water. Two days 
before sending for me he declared that he would never do me that honour, 
and since our last interview, in which I exerted my utmost endeavours 
to make his Excellency sensible of my services and earnest disposition to 
promote the success of his Majesty's measures he has talked of me with 
disr^ard and ridicule, declares that his representations against me have 
gone so far that it is not in his power to retract them, and that he 
expects every moment orders from England to remove Lord S[hanno]n, 

Mr. P y [Ponsonby ?j and me ; whilst it seems the King's servant of 

the law, who has the most confidental and responsible office [Tisdale A.G.] 
who, though obliged in the last session with the place of a Commissioner 
of revenue for his friend, projected the three Months' Money Bill, which 
J prevented, and the address upon the appointment of a Chancellor 
which I opposed, is not only exempted from disgrace but remains the 
object of favour." 

" It is seriously to be feared that [the Lord Lieutenant's] ill-placed 
partialities and ill-founded resentments will greatly and unnecessarily 
involve and embroil the affairs of this country. He is himself the cause 
of what he imputes to others, and was in the last, and will be, if con- 
tinued in the future session, the real and the only obstacle to business ; 
he has given without provocation and taken without cause many offences 
here, and mixes with business a temper and imagination not the best 
adapted to the direction of the affairs of a great country," {Draft.) 

1769, June 22. — The Same to the Same. 

^' The establishment of some system for the government of Ireland 
seems to be much wanting and may be accomplished without difficulty 


Mss. OF ]iy :i Cliitf (lovcnior ot* liriiiiir*.sniiil ol' tctuiKT uiitl conciliatory inannvr? 

l>o5nioii"JoKE. *""^ ** ^*' tlif-'c* riiviiiiislaiU'i"* \v«' Tv«'iv <i) ]ni\}\}y to atl<1 that he liml an 

— int«r<*rtt ill c»)iiiin<»n wiih tlio pr<*n!lrim'n ot* the country 1 think ilkr 

Miocrss \\\)iiltl )><* secui'i' :in(l tlir ndininistrution honourable and ttsv 

anil h:ij»iiy lur both king'lonis.*' (Drtifi.) 

1761K Si'pti'mlH'i' 2'i. — W. (jcranl Hamilton to John Ilcly lIutchinMW. 

^* I havir hithtM'to Siiid nothiiij^ tn you ui>on the Kubji*ct of joar 
Sceretury, l<e('auso I had so ninny rrasuiis for Iteiicviu;; he wv 
(h'terniintMl to quit his onijiIoynK'nt in lrt*laml, that nothing but bit 
lH'in;r actually p)iie there, couM Iiave ennvinced nic to the contrary. 
I'pon thr first moment of hi> Hppoiutment I took an op|>ortunitr of 
mrn(i(»ninir von to him. I exi>l iin<-d how mueli Lord Towu^hend had 
been pH'j lid iced with rrlnticii to you, and liow much hn had suffereil fur 
want of your a**si.<tance ; and 1 a^suird liiin that however Government 
mi;.dit go on. (tlioii;^h cvm that eoiild U; but di> reputably, without the 
advanta<;f ot your friend.^'liip) it wa-* imjNissible for a ScereCarj to 
actpiii't! any dc;;nM' of personal ere lit, if you ]mt joursidf in direct 
opposition to liim. I otlered tn staki- my jutl;:nieiit U|K)n your zeal, tod 
npi>n y<mr ability, and my life up«>ii your lidelity in fiervin^j: him. Tbe 
answer I ri'ivivi-d fi-ifiii him was that of an ignorant, conceited coxeoinK 
who knew neither the interi>ts of (iov^'innient, nor his own. I have, 
however, si nee heard, that fn>m despisinir iJie Irish IIoiijw of C*omInoD^ 
he is now ^rcwii i idieulou!*]y afraid of it. \{ 1 have any judgment, 
yon sliould pursue one of these two metiiods, and either of theni I 
should think, would answer voiir end i-iT«einallv. A"re«> with Cvovern- 
meiit. and ^-ujiport them warmly and uniformly from tin* o|>enin{; of tlie 
Se>si<tn to the clo-t' of it, iu»t For;:ettin;r to preserve more than a mere 
apparent con*«i'>teney on the ])oint of the au;;mentation. But if an accom- 
niodatimi eimnot he coin" to with the Lord Lieutenant, don't dotbe 
thin;; by halve>, let your oppn-it ion be a- detenniiie'l in that OTpnt,A^ 
your ^up[Mi^t would be in the other. If the Se.*4sion in not to be tn 
luhantagioMN one, I,t it be a >hinin;; one, and in every debate make tbe 
Secretary your object, lie will for lii*« own sake iiitereM himwlf in 
all your wi«>lie% and, 1 -houM appndiend, would have weight enougb 
for the :iec<ini[ili-hTneiit of them. Ujmiii freipieiitly eonsi«lcring vour 
situation in Ip-land, and \our '^n-at -iiiK'rioritv in Parliament, 1 9B^ 
pcr^ii:ided vi.ur bu-iin -s i* more with th»' Secretary than the I/H^^ 
Lieiilenaitt. a'iil thnt no Session ou;;ht to pa>'^ over, in whieh you iiboul^ 
Hot apjM'.r to 1m- hi<. he^t friend, or lii> mo«t eon<pieU'*ns enemy. ^3 
oppo>i::ou !<• l»i;:liy you ;:aine<l ;jre'it rejiiitatioii. Hy friend.*»hip ioXi^ 
you ol)tai!it •! ^ofue .-olil aihant.'ij^i . Ihit by luin^ neither in intimar j 
iiur ill lio-iiliir with I/miI V, ('ampb.Il ymi diil nothing;. You was B 
what voii fi'ijht «iIw:iV'> to be, and \\h:it vour ta!ent< «'ntitlc vou to Y«r 
priiieip:il iIl'^:!!*- i:i th- peri'i ncim-e, :ind from yoiir not lioin^ !iu it ill ih«" ei.ur-' of l:i-l winter hi-h <fo\irnnient depreeiattnl vi*^-^ 
I'ailiami ntary :mj-Mr:ai:e« in (heir ! lo lln; The firwt thif^^ 
n Sen t:iry I- .:.'i'!ii - i- hi- iiw!! |i-:-«:::il appearanee. Thouj;li you c 
IP. ike Sir (f M.nM!t?if, a ' rilliaii? eh ir;;eii:-, it is ti»t:dlv and i*ntiivlr 
\i'Ui powei t' inaki- hini t!.'- ii vi ;-«■ . wliieh i» what he niUi*t know, 
\\U.\\ I aiii ^<i:> he I'tai". I m.* ::t'i<:i .ill tlii-t t » \ou in ea^^e yuu »hoa1 
!i«<t b- :di| ■ t'l I \\i:i '>■ \\\'\\ < '% •\* : ii::.'-: t njion \, i in> that ari> hi>nou 
to \ou, ft.: il' Mi'.l e;j:, I >]i>i'.l!d <'.'.[ \\..\X it pM-!*( i.ible to Op|Hl!>itiu&.' 

I7(i:». ().i..1)i pi Liiih-:.. 1. T't Jbrtt'T.l ti» ,Itdin llelv llutchi 
<«oii. " rti.- Ml • h \iiii !..!'.•- !• « . ni* i' .'!>l>il for the aii;:nientatioU (of 
Ainj\ uil.. I ;h::ik. tV«'!n thi- e in-ir-.c iim I ha\«- had U|Nin it Mli^fjT 
tiiio »ide tin- "^ali r, if Lord loun-lund will adoitt iu** 


1770, January 5. — John Helj Hutchinson to Hugh Law ton. Ex- M8S. op 
plaining to his friends in Cork his conduct in the principal transactions i^o^uo^o] 
of the last Session. — 

"I not only voted for, but I planned the whole of the scheme for 
augmenting the Army upon this establishment, which I consider as a 
great acquisition to this Kingdom in many respects ; in its defence by 
keeping 12,000 effective men constantly resident here, unless in times of 
rebellion and invasion in Great Britain ; in our constitution by voting 
the additional men for 2 years only ; in our commerce and manufactures 
by stopping the efflux of our treasure out of the kingdom ; and keeping 
the pay of 12,000 men, which is 500,000 yearly and upwards in this 
kingdom. The power of the Crown to send any number of our forces 
into other countries, and to pay them out of the Irish Treasury, had 
occasioned a great drain of our specie, and the evil had increased of late 
years to so great a degree, that from very small beginnings, the sums 
remitted to troops abroad have exceeded 70,000. I voted also for the 
three months' Money Bill, which took its rise in the Council, having 
supported with a very great majority the very same Bill in the beginning 
of the last Parliament, conformable to the constant course of precedents in 
every reign from the [year] 1496 to his present Majesty's reign inclusive 
(with a single exception) and having never heard that any prejudice or 
inconvenience was ever felt, complained ofj or even alleged, from any 
of those precedents. The right of the Commons to reject was un- 
questionable, the utility or expediency of so doing was the only question, 
the idea that the passing such a bill would encroach upon the power 
of the Commons over the purse of the nation is a groundless vulgar 
notion calculated only to mislead and inflame the minds of the people. 
I was against lowering the inland excise upon beer and ale because from 
the opinion of three of the Commissioners of the Revenue and the much 
experienced Revenue officers, it was likely to occasion a great annual 
loss to the revenue/' ( Copy.) 

1771, January 1. — John Hely Hutchinson to W. Gerard Hamilton. 
^* An admirer of Junius who knows but one man capable of that 
brilliancy of stile may be w^ell excused for making a very probable, tho' 
it seems not a well founded, conjecture, but be assured he is the last man 
in the world who would say anything of you that he did not think for 
your honour ; it is a pretty observation of Voltaire's that we are not so 
much deceived by anything as by following probabilities, and if you had 
not by your assertion convinced me that it was not true I have a 
thousand arguments that it was the most probable thing in the world. 
I have used every decorous method to cultivate a connection with the 
person you mention, but I fear it is too difficult an undeilaking. He 
has some general rules which are useful only to those who can see and 
apply the exceptions to them ; he has laid it down justly that reserve 
is one of the most necessary ingredients in the character of a statesman 
and therefore to his best friends his utmost confidence is chamber talk 
and he tells them under the strictest iDJunctions of eternal secrecy less 
than they may find in Nalsen's Almanac ; from hence it has generally 
happened that he asks advice too late, and does not call for the water 
engine till the house is consumed by the flumes. How does it happen that 
those who most want advice act so differently from those who have an 
urgent occasion for any other commodity ? There is also another diffi- 
culty in our way arising from our Master, whether real or fictitious I have 
not sufficient sagacity to pronounce, though 1 suspect the latter. The 
language held is I am no monarch, 1 am not responsible for anything, 
my Master places no confidence in me, 1 have not the smallest influence. 


M8S. OF IK* mill I set out to;;ftIitT in the opi>ositc system with nil asAunuicc to 
liilswl^uii^K. lii^ "" 1>'^ P*^i'' tl^^t I*^ Would nut nMuuiii here, if there was not an vntire 
— contiiic !!('!' i»huM*(l ill him, of which he promised me the fiille«t com- 

munication. My tletcrmiucd ivsnhititm wiis to follow preciitely tke 
pliin laid down in your h-tier. This connoxion hiis (iisarmcd me, aik«l 
n-ducci nic to li state of iusi;;uiiiciiiice not aito^^ether agreeable tonij 
f(^*liuf;*<. It is true they haw increased my ineoine hut in a maoDer 
very dis;i^n>eHbI«* to me by a sahiry of 1,0(X)/. yearly durin;^ pleaflore to 

mc as Ahiager. 

177*2, January 14. ArIin;^ton Street. — W. Gemnl Hamilton to Joho 
Holy llutchi :M)n. 

^*'rh<>re are a variety of letters from Ireland whieh mention that in 
addn.'ss will jifter your reces*^ be moved to com|)el the rcKideiioo of the 
Chancellor ol* the Kxche(|uer. The authority from which this intelli* 
f'oiu'i'! comes induces me to think that K(mie such motion ii reallv 
intende«l. The ^in<{lin^ (mt my ofiicc, and leaving unnotietn I cverj other 
non-residi>nt possosor of a sine<Mire employment (which I understand 
to be the plan) has sumethin*; in it so very invidious, that wen the 
attempt will be extremely disji;;reeable to mc^ and the siueccw of it, 
(which, in your prescMit disunite<l situation, is not impossible) still more 
so. We have often a^rreetl that the great source of error in politics wb« 
refineuieiit in politics {siv) and that in K|)eeulations of this sort, men 
oftencr erred by going beyond the mark, than by failing sliort of it. 1* 
it, however, imiM>>>il»le, that Mr. l'on>onby, variable in his politics, but 
nnilonn in his wi&h to be (*haneellor of the Kxcliequrr, maj bare 
intunated at the C'asths that of all emph»yments mine would Ins by Ur 
the mo'*t acceptable to him ? In such an event hix Excellency might 
|HM-haps connive at an addri'ss being carrie<l, in hoi)Cs of an acconmoils* 
tion raking place, and concluding that I might barter mjr office more 
readily if I was rediieetl to the alter native either of residing in Irehud, 
or Mfliciiing a tiivoin* from the miui^itry in Kiigbind. Whatever may hs 
th«' di'^i^Mi, it most certainly shall never be prcnluctive of the end pro- 
IMised. For if such an ]iddre>s was moved and carrie<l, if the CrovD 
apf)ro\i-d, and all the non-rt>>ii!enis in the interests of the Court looked 
on uiih indid'i'Miice (events not, I think, very likely to happen) I 
Would, int'idlibiy. >o circumstanced, come to Ireland; a thing which io 
itM-lf 1 -Iiould like exceiilingly, and whieh nothing but the manner o* 
my bfing bnMi;:lit there, c««uld render di-^agn-eaUe to me. 

" W hat I have to be g of y<.u is that. yt>u wouhi favour me with a line bjT 
the rciurii of the po>t : that \ou would h-t ine know if fiuch amotion L^ 
talki'd of, or ri-ally intrndcil, from the lN*>t intc-lligeuee you can pro^^ 
cure; b\ \vli(im Mill think it will be m:iile ; if in the House of Lords o^ 
(\>niiiiii;i« : and with what pn'babiliiy of success? If hucH a tiling 
**hoijlii III* ill vii'w, the eii<-ulntii.L' an idfa that Pon>onbv has an in 
in piiiiiiiitiii:; it, nia\ not l>f witiiout it- efTe<*t. It is not necoMrr 
ni4* to di-oiii' that ]kou wouM su|ipn--s ><iu ha\ing hcaid frvm me u 
thi!« •"iilijei-r, anv luoie than it i- to be;; \(.u would tiike tlie 
< tb'ctual iiK an- ot pri \cntii!:r. if iMi-^iMe, >o in^idioui anti pi*rvonal 
>ni:i-<iii- An anu i.dini n( miiiI\ liiat thi* AdiJnss might In* extrnded 
'/// ijin-:i--:di'iit |<0'>"i---iiio < 1* Iri-h enipltiMnent.-, eouhi not^ mitbout 
gMi-M-.t partiality, bi- rfjieJed." 

177*.'. '^iMc lo. H:i::l. V. - l.i id I.\f(. It ,n to John Ilelv Kutchii 

'riiaiil- ill'.' liim fur hi- i-\i pimi- in biinging his ^on-ill-hlW Viscuou^ 
Vahnlia*- cau-e to a -ucc» —lul i--ue. 


1772. — John Hely Hutchinson to Lord Lyttelton. Replyinff to M88. ot 
►1.^ Uci^ ^ -^ ° THB Bael op 


•* Lady A[nne8ley'B] testimony was as clear and consistent, attended — 

with all advantages of ease, readiness, recollection, candour, and dignity 
as any that I have ever heard given, supported in every part of it by 
circumstances or witness or both and not contradicted by any one 
witness or any one circumstance, and that in some exhibits acknowledged 
on all hands to be genuine where the husband had written his name in 
several different parts of the same page some of these signatures differ 
far more from others than any of them from the name in the cerliiicate 
and that by examining that certificate with goo<l glasses it appears next 
to an impossibility than it should have been a forgery." {Draft,) 

1772, August 5. Hagley. — Lord Lyttelton to John Hely Hutchinson. 
H^retting that he has no opportunity of intercourse with him except by 
correspondence, and hoping he will visit him at Hagley. Thanking him 
for drawmg an accurate state of Lord Yalentia's case before the Lords of 
Ireland, but fearing that without a greater change in the circumstances 
and dispositions of the English House than he sees any reason to hope 
for at present it will not avail to regain bis honours in this kingdom. At 
present what appears most desirable is the verdict of an Irish jury in 
favour of his son-in-law's legitimacy, which would put an end to the 
claims of Richard Annesley and Lord Mulgrave. 

1772, August 6. Magdalen College, Oxford. — Benjamin Wheeler to 
John Hely Hutchinson. Relating to the entry of the latter's son, Mr. 
Wheeler being his tutor ; and stating that 200/. is a sufficient yearly 
allowance for a gentleman Commoner. '^ I suppose in this estimate, 
that he is a student, and has neither a servant, nor a horse to be 
maintained. Indeed by a late Statute neither servants nor horses for 
the future are permitted." 

1772, August 23. Lissanoure. — Sir George Macai-tney to John Hely 

^ I learn that my Lord Harcourt is certainly to be at Holyhead on the 
XHh of October and my Lord Townshend is to remain in Ireland till he has 
lellvered up the Sword to him in person, it being long since determined 
o permit no interregnum of Lords Justices. My successor, I hear, 
s neither to be in Council nor in Parliament, for which resolution I 
applaud his judgment, and if his example is followed the Secretaryship 
n^^aj again become a desirable object." . . . Can only conjecture 
^uat is to pass, and takes it for granted that the whole must fall into 
Hutchinson's bands. 

1772, September 26, Hagley. — Lord Lyttelton to John Hely 

A great crowd of visitors including the French Ambassador, the 

^^ish Minister, and Prince Poniatowski, a nephew of the King of 

Poland, has delayed my thanking you for your last letter and for your 

abstract of Lord Valentia's case. " On a careful perusal of it I think it 

efficient to satisfy any impartial man that the certificate was not 

forged; but whether Lord Camden's pi-ejudice will suffer his eyes 

to see the marks of a split pen in the writing I much doubt, and if 

be is not converted it will not be easy to convert the other Lords, who 

followed his authority in the judgement they gave, or who had other 

prejudices equally strong, which I am afraid was the case of a great 

majority even among those who did not vote. ... If Lord Mulgrave 

brings his cause (as I hear he will) before a jury in Ireland, their 

verdict will weigh much either for or against a Rehearing in our 


M<iS. .^r TI.'M-**." A'!i fs\:\.] ili:it \oii ).ri>:iiisr a viMt t«» Ila^rlov. '* H, to m--? 

Ikixmu J.V/i. ,'|'/I . .^*»'» iIhti', my liinii.-r lM'-!-, IN>[k* 'riioin>on. cmjuM n-vive. I j^houlJ 

^— tliirik ihc jihu'i' iiidii* worthy ol" Mr. IlutohiM«iun*s |»n*!M-iUM% but y*'* 

iiui-i lo <'i»:.!»'iit witli Mrs. Moi.tjiiru, Mrs. Vrsi*y and liuniok, whj. 

I lni|'<', will !)«• (if tin* [»:irt \ ." 

17713, Octolx-r 'i.'). — \V. Ocranl llaiuiltoit t«) John Hclv IliiU'liinson. 

** I have lia() inurli ('orivrr^^'.tion IkmIi with Lord Hnrt*oiirt oflfi 
CoIiiiH'l nia'piit'i'*', n]>(Mi \\u' jidlitics and rliiii'tictors in Irolanrl. Yoa 
will iMsilv iiiia;;lii«' timt in tlu* cnnisi' i>l' >U(rli a tiisnisMon, rour ovo 
iMi]M>r[ai]('<'an(i(»ni- fi'ii'Md>]ii|>. made it o(]iiaily inijHw^ihlv thntycm \tas-fed 
by nn'iliscrvrd. liotli tin- Lnid Lii^ntcnant and bis St'crcta&ry conci'ivc 
a> favtuirably as yon vonr-.^'U' ran wi>h til* ytnir tuK*nt*«, your tipirit, Aod 
vonr tidrlitv. TIicv al!nw iliat other mm nniv l>e iisefnl, but ^eciu to 
<*on»»idi'r von ahme as nrrrssar/ to Govirnment. Tliore is bowevor one 
iniprt's-i* n wliii'h I «*an jicift'ivf \i:\^ bifii made, with jfrcftt industry 
and '*oni<' snci-rs-^ ; and which I a]>)>n'luMid it shiiuld bi*, under thi^ 
lU'W <fo\rrn<n«'iit, your ciipita! ami nnitorni objoct to n*uiow. While 
yonr <*Mim('ity is nilnuttrd l»y fVrrybody. tbt; r\nrbitanf*(f and iinrrmMD* 
ablini"'< of your (U inands is arnii^niil on all bands. TbU iR circ'ibtfi^ 
by yonr iitcmirs, hclii-ved by th«' public, rfprcst'ntnl to the MiiiiMfn 
and '*tat<-d to \\iv Kin<;. Anil by rirfuhitii:;; this p«'r|>otually it I?, ikftt 
Si tine whom vuu lornicrly opposed, and otlicrs wlioni you now rival 
in Inland, bave rontrixi-d not only to balani'is but to weifch down 
all yonr ntluT nu-rits. Von will obscrvr, that I don*t enter into the 
ju-ticf. or inju-'tiri', the truth, or faNelmld of tbis assertion I meio 
ordy to say that thi< opininn, whether well or ill founded, prvvail* 
nni\(-i'^lly ; that in eensetpienn* td' il-^ doin<; so, \ou sutFer exeetidin^ij: 
anil that ii' this inipn-^Hlon wa^ onci* reniovrnl, which it mii^ht be by 
Lo:d llareourt, it is niv t'nll iMT>n:i^ion vou would bi* the most favoriie 
eli:iia('(<T, and the p('i>on the nio.-t entrn-teil by Kn^lisb (joverumeDl u 
Irrlaiid. I*erniit me tberetnn- to nTomniend, an«i fn»ni mj convictiuo 
of th«' propriety of it, e\en to l-t•<ph•^t that iminctUately upon l/^ 
irar('oiirr*>^ hnnlin;: in lifland, \(»n would *;ive him tho 8trun|P^ 
and mi»>t nrieoi.ditfonal n>^nranei' of yonr sup|N)rt, that thoufth lit* 
eninliii't. anil tliat ot' hi*- Stcretary, >Iioulil be varialde to you (which 
boWi \ir, I am per*«Madid it will not b«-) yours Hboubl be uniform l^ 
tbi-ni. :uid that you may iH*ith«T In* tlatlt'HMl or otlriided, as they haitpf* 
til ;;i\t' or t(» wifholil tVom \ on, their iii>i^niHeaiit and 9illv confide dC- 
Lit nif cntri'at you tn )i«' p<M>nu(leiI that tbi<i is not mcrply tlie mo^ 
a>ivi«:ilile. but tbc o///// part y<>u have to take. For I more than belie%^* 
I kii>iit\ that any ppuposiiion iiiadf in u»ur behalf, will Ihj n»ccirrd \rfj 
<m!<11v liv ilie Mii.i<^i«'r-. ami it' ;:ra!itrd at all, ^nint<Ml with nrluctan^* 
in till- I'hiM-t. Lord ll.dii':iv. L«»t»1 Norilnniihrrlanil, LorU Ileftfo*^** 
an>i. I b.'lii'\i\ I^»ii«l r«i-.viis||..iiil itbat is e\fry chief liovomor who b*^ 
bri'U in In-I:uiii >irMi' \i<n cain«* into «-inploymciit) have concuiit**' 
b\ \\ li.-it f.italiiy J kiKtw nut. ill CMmmi'ndin^ \oiir tah'Uts, and in findi''^ 
titnlt with y^nr ur.ri-.i^nn.iMi'iif-*. AihI you can scfirce \h* iurpiii*^ 
ub»-:i a piiinr bkr t;iii hn*- b-iMi cn»'<irced through a lonf; line *^ 
I^nrd I. intcnMnt-, ai<d I with the cxciptinn of myndf ab>ne) thrua^" 
a l"ii'_' -PM«i'-'*:«in mI ^•" M tnit -, th:tt -n iricat a nuMdwr of cvtdenWi 
>n nnn-h niiitVirmi(v •! !• «f iiniiiiv «}ii nld be Mitlicient to estaldi!*b 
fact aii'l to lii-ar iliiw 11 any »l,arai-»tr " .'\]Hi|ii«riNirip fur iutorferin|E • 
Mil li >i ih lii-atr '>u^iii'r -ii. I ;«t|\:-i'i;; liiiTi lo embark with Lorti llaftoa 

!ifi\;?U't>f him. wt i.'i! "' ;-ii!;iIiiii. I rll the ch'^t* of the next Se^*i^ j 
I'f I'a: .iaijii fit I !■ i : 'l'* •■!. Lpi'-ii nio\ Fcwiiid the very niati'ri^ 
-'I .i« I - 111- will p- I .ui ;,i {••(!••% I riiiiiint. 


1772, December 16. London. — Lord Lyttelton to John Hely MSB. o» 

Hutchinson. Do"oi?o*^oS 

Stating the admiration with which he has read the pleadings in Lord — 

Valentia's case, yet not daring to indulge much hope tliat they will 
have power to prevail over the strong prepossessions of his adversaries 
in the House. Could Lord C-arnden be converted that indeed would 
encourage the writer to press for a Rehearing. 

[1772 or 1773.] — John Hely Hutchinson to Lord Lyttelton. Reply 
to the last letter. Expecting that the printed trial will l)e published 
in a few days when he will send it him. "I hope Lord Camden will 
think well of it, but I am a place man and consequently must have a 
high respect for Lord North, and think so favourably of his Lordship's 
singular discernment that I should prefer his approbation without a 
vote to Lord Camden's most eloquent affirmative, even though the 
Common Council of London should assure him it was right, as they 
once did that he was a man of the strictest integrity, of which, if I do 
not foi'get, in his reply he tells them he was now confident as the 
Common Council of London had assured him of it ; though I confess 
I should have believed it, and so I am persuaded would his Lordship, 
though that reputable body had never put it to the question." On the 
back of the same sheet is a draft letter to Mr. Wheeler, his son's 
tutor at Oxford. {Draft,) 

1772, December 27. — John Hely Hutchinson to W. Gerard 
Hamilton. Had deferred answering your letter [of October 25] till 
I should have conferred with the Lord Lieutenant or his Secretary ; 
** but if I waited longer our correspondence must either entirely cease 
or be discontinued without limitation. I have visited, levee'd, confabu- 
lated, but not conferred, nor have I any reason to expect an attention 

not shown to others Your letter has infinitely surprised 

me ; you are one of the few men of the world from whom I could take 
in good part an address in terms of so much severity ; but I consider 
your letter as a caution to me to guard against the imputations of my 
eni^mies, and that you have repeated their suggestions in their own 
language. Though you desire me to observe that you do not enter into the 
truth or falsehood, the justice or Injustice, of the assertions mentioned 
in your letter to be universally believed, yet you will not wonder 
that I cannot silently submit to imputations injurious to my honour and 
character, and as you have thought it the duty of a friend to communi- 
cate to me reports to my prejudice, I hope you will think it a more 
agrf»eable exercise of your friendship to vindicate my reputation, and 
will hear with pleasure that I have every kind of evidence from every 
Lord Lieutenant whom you have mentioned, in contradiction of the 
representations, which you have been informed they have made of my 
an reasonableness and exorbitancy. I have their repeated declarations, 
their letters, and the whole tenor of their conduct to me, to the contrary. 
When I waited upon Lord Halifax, at the eve of his departure from this 
Kingdom, to return him thanks for his favours, his answer was that he 
should have gone to me to return me thanks for mine. Soon after he 
left this Government I had the honour of his letters, now in my hands, 
returning me thanks for my conduct, assuring me of his constant 
protection and support, and promising to recommend me for a seat at 
the Council Board if Lord Northumberland did not, and to the end of 
hih life he was uniform in his expressions of kindness and regard for 
me. With Lord Northumberland I never had a moment's difierencey 
but upon your account. He offered me a salary of 300/. yearly to 


M88. ov ft Htdo oflico in whtcli he hntl joined my son, which f declined acctft- 

l>05orrMnfoRE. "*«?» ""*^ *'*' ^^""'^ ^^ l»U'a«r<l with my disiutort'stedncss Ibat he broogtit 
— me t(» the C( in lie 11 ISonrd. Wlicn he hiul given up all thoughts ot 

rctnrnin^ to xUia Kini^<lom, and nt the close of his Aduiin titration, I 
had a very liandsoine letter from him, lamenting that opportunities did 
not otli'r of h4.Tviiii; me further ; he also btated to the Kinj^, in rit 
pp'-icnc'e, my s»*r\ iee.j, in ttrnis the most honourable and flattering to 
me. That Lord Hertford's representations have been in every rwperi 
the most favourahle to me, 1 liavt^ u thousand proofs; the kindest 
letters, the most friendly reception, the most honourable declantioos 
and interposition in my favoin- on all proper oceatfions. What repiv- 
sentations my s>hort oppositicm io Ix)nlTownshend might have provoked 
him to huve made, I knr)\v not ; hut I have the liest reasons to bclivTf 
thjit he has re])resented to his Majesty's Ministers, that I returned to 
the service (d* (Government ^vithout stipulation, promise, or requeiit,SDd 
that during the last thret* Sessions lie stated to the Ministem mj 
siTviecs in the stnm;;est terms. I)urin<; the two last Sessions ib^ 
most ditlinilt and Iiiborious in this or perhap.H any other count rt, 1 
rec«'ive«l no favour from him, except a deanery of 30/. jeariy, tii<! 
scarcely made him any re<pie»t ; I also know that those representatioos 
have had the etfect I wished for; and that tho late and pmcot 
Mini^ters have thorouf^hly undfrstoiMl and approved of my coDdiict. 
In the vear *70 Lord Townsheml had the (:oo<lncM to obtain for me a 
sidary (»f IJNK)/. yearly as alriagi*r; I hail not n word with him 
previously on the suhjfcr, and left the amount of this salary (which I 
accepted ot'ns a compensation for a debt aeknowledgetl to lie due to me 
from (■ovminieni) to my friend Sir (r. Macartney and to his Ei- 
cellcnry. 1 liave ]^:rd Town^hend's letters acknowIc<lging in the mort 
explicit ninnri«r, ar.d with >tron(; professions of esteem and regard, liif 
oppi'ohation of my comluet, hi-* sense of my ser\' ices, and that hews* 
oh]i<;ed to nie ; he has assured me without any application on mj part, it was his int«-ntion to represent ami recommend me to his 
sncif-siir, a^ the person mo>t (*apalile (if doing the King** basinesi is 
the Iluuse of (*nnimi)iH, and also to make a personal request to Lord 
Iliireonrt io ohli<;e m<' in an instance, which Ix>rd Townithend hail 
oflfiTed am] int'MuIed, hut did not nccoiiiplish ; but the latter I dfdintd 
as uii^riMHTiMi'^ to the latf and einhurras«>ing to the present Chiff 
<toveriior. I tuok the liherty (»f ndlin^ upon him to exculpate me to 
l^ml llareourt from the mi'*ropres«'ntations of my conduct slated in 
\oiir h-tN-r, which he prr>miMefi me to do in the fullest manner. I 
cannot ronclinle the aceoiiut of my intercourse with Lord Lieutenaoti 
witlioiit atlirnrn;: solemnly tliat I never entere<l into a stipulation with 
anv r>n*' t>i ilhiu : t\u- invitatii>n to me hv Lord Halifax to come into 
tlu' Kiii^'''* ^*'^\ic<' <m t«'rm< projin^Ml by himself do«*s not deserve thsl 

As to M •■ii-r.irii"*, 1 will <«takf my lift* upon it, that I«onl lteauc1iam|>. 
Lord Fr<d. ( aiiir'hrll, niiil Sir (ii-oi<;c MaearinfV will contradieS xhv*^ 
r pri'M iitatJ!!!!*' Villi havf 1h i-n iidonih'd they have nuule so highly to DJ 
di'irnMJit : til oiippiisi' ihitM* iiohl.'mi'ii aitd ;!i'ntlenien to have made tbosr 
r«'|ireH'iii-itiiiii-. womUI lienioi'f nhiii«t to thrm ihnn injurious to mo. To 
enahli* ni«' to mtvc ( invei r.n:riil [ hav«- hecii ubliiffd to give op 
all triaU ni )>;ir nr.d rNiw },• ri>, nml the whole of my chamber 
prat'tiei'. and I <-:t : !riilv ^tati* mv-flt i:i thoM* hi tides to have been an 
nnnnal h>^> r o; •.<> muilt a u'reati-r annual «iiiii ihnn I huve ever gainetl bv 
ti(»\i'rniiii lit. till l.or.l 'ri*wii**hi'iid ohtaiiifii tor iiu* the salary I have 

nn iiti«iH'<i. I'loni 'i»I to'7<) I "^t I pn-ciM-lv in the "Oime sitUAtion as to 

emoIuiiK iit« undrr (iovi i'iim«-itt in\\hi<;h Lord Halifax had |ilace«l mcia 


the beginning of His Majesty's reign, and would cheerfully give up that M8S. of 
salary en being reimbursed the sum of 4,900/. which the office of i^™^^om 
alnage has cost me from first to last, and of which by the money paid, — 

and the salary of 500/. yearly given up, I made, in every respect but the 
tenure, a very disadvantisigeous bargain, but this has been accident, and 
I am not less obliged to you for your friendship. 

I have been for eleven years the most active person in the 
service of G-overnment, in every place, and upon every occasion, with 
one exception of the first proposal of an augmentation ; for this single 
act of opposition I sufficiently atoned by forming the present plan to 
which almost all parties agreed; I have never during that time, obtained 
any office or promotion of value or consequence for any friend, and may 
safely affirm that no man who has stood foremost in the service of 
administration for such a length of time, has been more useful, and less 
troublesome to Government. I remain in the same inconsiderable office 
in which I net out, and to which no duty or responsibility is annexed, 
and I have acted as if I filled the first and most responsible office in the 
State. During that time I have declined repeatedly the situation of a 
Chief Judge, having been told that my services in the House of Com- 
HK>ns would be more acceptable. I find by your letter I must have been 
among some persons the subject of malignity and defamation at the time 
when I best deserved favour and confidence ; and why ? because my 
forward and active zeal in the public service have made me the object of 
hatred and envy ; the scandal which the leadei*s of opposition had long 
propngated against me knowing it to be false, administration will not I 
hope, take on their credit and believe to be true ; after the labour of 
many years with my health injured, my spirits broken, my profession 
neglected, my fortune by that neglect, impaired, and all to support His 
Majesty's Government in this country, to be told that every man, Lord 
Lientenant and secretaries (with but one exception) to whom I have 
devoted my time that might have been so much more profitably employed, 
and for whom J have strained every little talent I possess, united in 
representations to boar down my character, is so monstrous, that if I 
believed it, 1 would for ever renounce all connections with administra- 
tion. Though disappointed by the late Lord Lieutenant, I have not 
complained to bim or his successor. I have expressed no discontent, 
liighly sensible of having been distinguished by the reversionaiy grant of 
A great office ; whilst I remain in the most respectful silence, the most 
perfect resignation, not to say indifference, about political matters, I 
little expected to hear any suggestions of my unreasonableness and 
^isorbitancy, and to be suspected for stipulating schemes which I have 
x^t, all times, thought highly dishonourable in a servant of the Crown.'* 
^X>raft^ with two different beginnings y and fair copy,) 

1772, December 31. Portmun Square. — Lord Townshend to John 
TCely Hutchinson. 

" I executed your commission with my Lord Harcourt with that 
p-vanctuality and attention with which I have ever dealt with you. If 
l^ia Excellency had wanted any information of your unrivalled abilities 
2^x^d uncommon capacity to undertake and sustain the business of Par- 
liament, they would have received every additional recommendation 
^rxmi me. He views Mr. Hamilton's description in the most proper 
^ight, from what passed I am confident he wished for nothing more 
llian the most confidential intercourse with you, and I shall always be 
*^ppy, from the high esteem I bear you, and my wishes for your pros- 
l^rity and that of your family, to hear that no one stands in a higher 
^igbt in the King's service. 1 shall not parade about the moments I 

U 60050. B 


XI.SS. OF iinvo si'i/i'<l, liiitli on llii- :ii.<I the other sitk', to do vou the fullest iusticr, 
UoKiiioiiMoiii.. liowi-vtr Mr. ll;iinilt«'irs iiu\t li'ltiT may repn'scnt it, from his Cabinel 

Iiitt'llijii'iice. Make ;:immI iim- of tin* jin'st-iit occasion anil your own 
tiuu' of lilt- l>v pliiciii^ tlir fullest coiifidt'iiou in Loni IIan*ourt, and tbc 
King's ;roo:lnrs-< hwr ill cM»iiM'qu«*nou of it, tliiH is my advice to toQi 
\Vh:itL'V»-r Ik* tin* ivnit, In'liiv*' mc it is ^inct.TO. 1 hear your Ule 
HiuMcn rnrn.*si»oruk*:it \ui< In on at my door, my equipopps were ill 
^ihattcrotl. I li.-iM' not yot brcn iiblo to return the visit. 1 wi>h I coald 
hcnd ymi ^omc ni'W-^ frniii JH'nco, but nil is dull iind the town thin. TIk' 
oppositiiin sct'mih;; liithcrto (tlio Dukes Richmond, Devonshire ifrl 
Portliind cxcf'ptcd). poor souls who can do no harm ! to have leH th^ 
nation tiilirclv to this wicked Ministry. Scai'cc anv attemianoe in 
either lIitUM'. liOpl Tern pie <rocs only to the opera, Lord Chatbam 
not eom<' up, :iiid iloiibtcd if lie should, whether he may not agr^ 
with ( iovennneht, or lit lea^^t ditfer with opposition u])on the East 
India Im-iufss, which M*ems to be the oidy diflicnlty of this SefffioD. 
and ii Very ^reat one ; L-ven Hurkc, the mouthpiece of the iMirtVy wu 
reduced to a mere spct-rli of entertainment on that serious subject. In 
the Cliy the patriots are all (juarrclliii^, and turninji^ their Armi or 
rather quilU a<;aiiist each, and tho whole nation secmrt 9urfe!ti>d with 
|N>litical dis(pii>itions. The little pros)M*et of the political market and 
the season have t hi unci] the town bevond anvthin<; I ever saw. I 
prL"*unie by this tim<! yon are acquainted in Dublin, that Sir AVm. 
Osborne not tukin;; his s4'at, has opened a vacancy, which if*, I belien*, 
lillcii up by Mr. 'i*uwns<-nd, so that Lord S!:niinon ecchia a^^in a part 
of Government, I pre^unur not by Mr. Ponaonby*s recommendation. I 
hojM' this will ;:ive strength and stability to Lord Harcourt*s Govcm- 

ITTii, .January \'A. — Tohn Helv Hutchinson to liord Townsheml. 
In ri'jily to hi-; k'it>-r nf December .'il, which he calln '*not unworthy 
the feelin^'<i of a niMU to wh(»m his Majesty has ^ivcn n name superior 
to all titli'M by enliiii;: him the lx*<:t naturcd man in the world. Yoar 
Lonl^iiip's ;;o(Hlni-s^ ha<^ nnioveil the taste of Hamilton's wormwooil 
which be calls tVieinNliip and e\p(rcts it should be swallowed without a 
wrv l:iee." . . . *• ilv the aeee-'iion uf I^ord Shannon to the admi- 
ni:«trali'jii \nur Lord'-bip has the honour of completing n plan of the 
great I ">t ilitliculty and importance, and the Government of Lord 
ilareourt seems to b'* piaiM'd on the surest foundation:^.'' {Draft,) 

ITTll. .lanuary 21. Charles Street, Berkeley Spiare. — Sir Oeorpr 

Macartncv to Jubn llelv Ilntchiiison. 

** I lMlii'\( you will tiial on « nquiry that no man ever !»poke mere 
wannlv It^r hi- t'lieiMl- than I have done. With what effect I know 
not, for 1 have \riy liiilc en-ilit with Lord North, and I am not likely 
to li.ive mnir. Suit- I am that nn S«'eretarv ever serveif (toremmeol 
Willi 'Mi-ater tidi'jin t'> the trurt than 1 did. and no S(*en-tarT evrr 
rirti\eii Ml iitilt- tbaiiK^ f<»r it. I lia\e Hen his Lordship hut twice 
sinri- ni\ aiii\al In p-, aiel p'j*'>ib!y may never se«* him apiin. He i» 
witliniif ildubl a vi r\ :iM<' .Mini'^ter, and the bt M qualified for his i^tattoo 
uf aii\ man in ili:« kiii;:>loiii, Init In- appears to me t<»tally void of ft^ling. 
and railitr tn i;i.d*Mai<' than justly \alue |i4ilitieal fKerviee*. which it a 
Veiy <!:>«•< Ill nu in;: tliiuL' t*» tii''-e who <hi them. Ileha5 hadn wonderful 
tide t'f •'uetT--.. a I 111 iliiri- •jne- not iinw -cem anything likely to in tcrmpt 
it : o|.pi-.iiioM i-" L'i«>\\ii:: i i<liei.loiiH miil coiitt nqitiblc, and 'lit now Mid, 
tboiiL'ii I diiii't kfiow on what L'r"unds, iliat alter this S«*«tion Lord 
KiK-kin^'bam \\i!l ;.'i\<' it up. (.hi fnotin;: the (iO\*cTniBeiit ^i 


Irelaod stands, I do not know, but I should think that Lord Harcourt MSS. on 
must be entrusted with as much power as his predecessor; if he is not, dokoi^moti 
he will not be responsible for any miscarriage that may happen. I told — 

you in a former letter that my opinion was that i/ou might take the 
lead; my opinion is still so, and that they must make it easy to you. 
As to F[lood] I declared my sentiments of him long since, which were 
to get him if' possible, but not to suffer him to conduct. His abilities 
are verbal, and his management last Session injudicious to the last 
degree. Sure, never was opposition upon such good ground as last 
Session, and never opposition was so ill conducted, or made so litde of 
it. I observe here that the law servants of the Crown complain loudly 
that they are not so well rewarded as their brethren in Ireland. For- 
merly indeed they did not take a great part in Parliament, but now 
they figure in every debate as regularly as you do, which draws the 
comparison nearer than it was formerly. By what I hear from Irish 
people here, Lord Harcourt has not yet spoken confidentially to any- 
body. Colonel Blaquiere seemed to me when he left this, to be perfectly 
disposed to put everything into your hands. You don't mention him 
in your letter. How do you stand together ? I thought him a lively 
sensible man and likely to do very well with a Httle of your advice and 

1773, February 2.— W. Gerard Hamilton to John Hely Hutchinson. 
Thanking him on his own behalf and Lord Temple's for his great civility 
and attention to the latter's nephews during their short stay in Ireland. 
** Whenever the time comes in which you will converse freely either 
with the Lord Lieutenant or his secretary you will know from their 
relation of what I said in regard both to your conduct and character 
how unnecessary it was, as far as I am concerned, to enter into a 
defence of yourself in either of these particulars. . . . You are 
mistaken entirely as to Lord Halifax. I speak with Positivenes? only 
what I know with certainty. But I am inclined to think that Lord 
Hertford and Lord Beauchamp have both at times from what I have 
lately heard represented your conduct in a very favourable light. Much 
pains were taken in the course of last summer, and are again renewed 
this winter (for what purpose and for what motives you will not be at a 
loss to conjecture) to represent the business of the Chancery in Ireland 
from the incapacity of the Court to be in such an arrear as to occasion 
gi-eat dissatisfaction, and to create a necessity of there being some Judge 
Assistant appointed in that Department of the Law." . , . 

[1773.] — John Hely Hutchinson to W. Gerard Hamilton. 

In answer to last letter. "It is impossible you should have 
known how grating the recommendation of general implicit engage- 
ment to a Lord Lieutenant must have been to me at the moment 
when I received your former letter. Lord Harcourt has mentioned 
to me the effects of your friendly interposition in my favour ; he 
has said nothinfij of business, but many civil things of my parts. 
This I consider as a prudent woman ought to do the address of a 

gentleman, who tells her she is confoundedly handsome 

I have not heard a word from the Secretary about business or my 
friend Hamilton or anything else. I cannot divest my mind of a 
suspicion that the severity of language was not your own, but that, in 
explaining the sentiments, you hitched into the style of another. The 
total neglect of T[isda]ll, Malone and me, and the displacing of . . . 
incline mc to suspect that F[lood .-»] is intended to be taken in ; I have 
no objection to it upon terms the most advantageous to him, if he is not 

s 2 


Mss. or )>1ac(Ml in n superior situation to nu\ wliicli would make it impracticable 

Doxoro^*'' ^" ^"'* '"^ ^^* *^^ **" "* "*^ |>rfst»nt oflico. I lun ready to co-operate with 
— ' ovorv man. A stronnr, but I liopc a false, n»port wliich provaiU licre, 
nmket nic introat you most earni.*stly nut to oo operate in ilie only 
sohem<' wliirli (*an probably distract my pn>^reH.s in this country. I 
shtiuld not make any request to yon to your pn*jndicc,bnt this 1 am con- 
fident will n(»t W so. . . . Then* is no consitleration on earth that could 
tempt me to nnhorHcyou an«l plaoe y<»ur rival and enemy in your saddle. 
Do not eoiisidcr the«<e as the seiitinuMits of envy or malignity. . . • 
Otlu-r situations equally a<lvanta<;i*ouM may i>e found for him without 
injury to my little rank and ligurc in this country.** 1 request you in 
any case ncviT to mention I had written on tho subject. ** In answer 
to yuur (]u<*Mion ab«)Ut the Cliaueellor ... ho does his« buNincM 
verv ablv aiitl (•xi)e<litiou>lv and to the irenend Hitisfaction of suitors 
and prai'tisiT'* in this country wIutc he is much respected antl a very 
|M>pular eliaraetor, an«l is in his private and public dc|>ortment a mo»t 
worthy, hoiic<'t ami amiabh' man. . . . However wo have made 
him a brtti-r C'han<'rllor than W(> found him, and he hiLS improml his 
feet by training. Thrri* \va*< an arn^ar, but ineurrc**! for the most part 
durin;: th<* vacancy, nnd he ili.<ieliar<;t>il the wlitde and hoard every cauM 
that wa> ifady and every m 'tioii in tho sittln;(ii aft4T last Trinity Term. 
Then* is no ineaparity in him but very mueli the reverse, nor any 
dis4ati>fairt:oii unle?'> in some i»f us who wish for his pLice. Thus far 
dii«inti*n'«tfdly and impartially — but as to what you say of a Judge 
Assistant con^i<Icr mv sentiments as tho?<e of an interested man. All 
the busim-^:^ of a nuM litigious e<»untty p^tvi into Cluinccry, tho Ex- 
ehe<iu«*r is I'or fi prfftrrea nihil — that is a pluc4* only for talking and 
for lawvt'is and atiornev.i to <;et monev in it; the whole then falLi 
on the Clia ie«'ll(>r*s shoulders, tliebii^^int'ss is too ^^reat ior thn strongpsc 
man in )N>Iy and mind that ever exi<«tctl to dis|i.iteh allowing reasonable 
vaeation^ and with a .-triet attentiim to the av(H*ations of the House of 
Lords, thf Pi ivy Touneil, the (\ibini*t, the public accounts. Lifibrd is 
a very pn*tty Atlas, but I want to be his Hercules, and to take the 
!icaven now and then \\\\^m my Imck, but he thinks his own strong 
t'nou;jh tor all ihen.* purpa-^.-s. The Jjuly Litfonl is young and hand- 
some.*' {I>nift,) 

177«^ F«*bruary 13. l*ortman S(|uare. — I..ord Townshend to John 
Helv liu!eliin*ii»n. 

** The bit ' '*tnin;;i' transaetion with Ijord B«*llamont luis confined roe 
during it** pr<*jiaratiou anl its eaia^tiophe so much to my liousic, as I 
thuu^'ht it ri^rht nt ithfr to ;;o n<«»r tin* Kin<; nor mix with the world, 
ami beMili'-^ to admit but iVw to inv bou««S tliat I am reallv one of the 
most uninfiiinitMl person** in tht- world, 1 Uditve I am the only hrrmiC 
except Kiiu<«siau that ev«*r n'sid«'d in this part of London, and 1 am sore 
from Lonl Ib-llauioiit'^ narrative that I no mniv 2»ou;;ht this mi»fortiiae 
than Pan;:li»«s did anv iin>- of bis. I can then'fiiru serd vou no news. 
The atfair *A' ihi* Ka*>t India ('oiiq>any, tin' Oirihbs and the o|M'ra, were 
all su'*p4-ieii (1 tor my ilufl in .MarvbtMi«> Fii'liW, and, whilst the cau»e of 
the ritv an 1 thi* b'>th Kt*L'ini<'iit *i\\\'*^ w:iv to it at Dublin, we in n.*turn 
hi-re an* i-i.pipMl with lie* la^t ad\ ii'fs from Jrelanl t»f the taste Mr. 
l{a;rnal )ne« bri-n pl«-a«ed to XixV.** nf the new Seeretary. In this situation 
of affair^, I lia\i' tioihin;.' to writi* ynu worthy your HCeeptsncw of a 
publie iiMun*. and thri**lnri' -hall apiilii;:i/e |br the insipidness of this 
letter by Ml It-a-t M*\fn pai-kfts din*rti'd to yuu with Dr. Sheabbear** 
un**w*T to th" rfh-}>r:it<'<l ('iilii;;:iM, whieh 1 would not have Sent hail 
yuu uf>t abjure«l or at h^ti^t i{ii:ililii*d hw <y!*tem with some Ingredients 


of your own. When you read Lord Bellainont's message, exclusive of M^. oi 
his facts and progressions, you will, I believe, agree with me that the Dovouemcoi 
good-natured Lord Charlemoot makes his last and a very good push to — 

send me to the Tower. 'Tis still amazing to me that the two seconds, 
after having told Lord Ligonier that they esteemed the matter settled 
to the honour of both and nothing in laord Townshend's character but 
what was perfectly honourable, should sign such a narrative. They 
afterwards tried every persuasion to divert Lord Bellamont from insisting 
upon it and laboured at another, which (for reasons best known to 
themselves) centained the word commission from Lord Ligonier, wliich 
I also esteemed inadmissable and wrote a conclusive challenge to Lord 
Bellamont, but more of this bye and bye when Lord Bellamont is better, 
for however, I am assured the world is satisfied on this head it shall 
[have] its full though cool explanation. My only dread I declare has been 
to involve Lor J Ligonier as a principal, which would have been terrible. 
It is in the papers that it is expected between him and liord Ancram. 
I am just returned and find it is not so, but no more of these extrava- 
gancies. Pray tell Malone and Lord Annaly that wicked Mack, sent 
the other day to Lord Ligonier, read all her papers to him, told him as 
a friend to me, he ought to prevent her publishing that Malone ought 
to have fought me. I have also Captain Osborne and Major Wrixon 
on my hands, one brandishing his cudgel, the other reading his memorials 
in every coffee house. I just met your (riend Hamilton in the Park. 
He asked me to dinner which I fought off* — a thing you know they say 
I can easily do. I have just heard from the Provost [Right Honourable 
Francis Andrews] from Alicante, who is extremely well. . . When 
you [have] laughed at Codogan with Shebbear pray laugh at them both 
with Jephson. . . . We look here upon Lord Shannon as a friend 
to the King's Government. An arrangement is talked of for Mr. Dennis. 
This has reached my ears from Ireland, for J have not seen this fortnight 
the face of a minister or ministerial man. Pray send me word how our 
friend Lill looks on these reports. The attorney I'm sure continues to 
enjoy the best table in the world, and the most social hours after it. Has 
Flood reconnoitred the Castle again, or settled a good back hand with Sir 
William [Osborne ?] across the Court for the next in hopes of governing 
the Kingdom of Ireland in the year 1780 ? " 

1773, July. — John Hely Hutchinson to Sir John Blaquiere. 
Thanking him for his attention during his illness. Shall be happy 
to see him at Palmerston, and give him his best advice for his 
Majesty's service, and also give him his example as a caution against 
too anxious solicitude in such business. {Draft?) 

1773, December 26. Dublin Castle. — Sir John Blaquiere to John 
Hely Hutchinson. Acknowledging his paper of observations which is 
a fresh proof both of his ability and of his attachment to the King's 
service, which Lord Harcourt will take every occasion of doing justice . 

1774, February 25. Portman Square. — Lord Townshend to John 
Hely Hutchinson. 

" I am not at all surprised that your accuracy and explanation you 
gave to the accounts during my government should have abashed the 
Newenluims or Maync or Maxwell ; but for the control of an 
undisceming or vindictive party, I am particularly obliged to you. I 
am exceedingly glad your friend Mr. Hamilton had no occasion for 
alike exertion of your friendship. The joint efforts of Lord Mount 


Mss. mt M«)rri< aii'i Fjniil Iriiliaiii («n«l how tli<» foniior i-oul«l Itrcitlu* tho fnxv.t* 
^"^rMMii'V:K. s"r a- Tin l:ittfr 1 inn*t (••-lu'civc'f n'<|iiir(.il nn jrn'Ht clVorts to di-fVat 
— tlicin. 1 tliiiik tin- F,<)Tii I.i'.»'it«'!ia:it I'f In-lainl may !»• ost»'Ciiioil tn 

•^tivt'ni uihl'T i\ii inan^ipicioiH siar, wlu» fin*!** I Ik* IViino Si'rj«nnt at llio 
ri^lit liMiiiI nt' hi- Secretary, a Lonl Shannon t(» divuk* with liini nn<i 
Lord Iinhani at tlir \u'iu\ c»t' thi.* natriols; ))V the hvi% what a Mmi|v 
antl (>th'ctiial >iii)[Hirt Lnnl Shnnnon ha*: ^'ivcii ; how M*hU>ni <1iil 1 fiinl 
U'iuKt-s anil friends who hua^titl l'i»lliiwin«x*< ^=" conlinl antl 
1 must jiwii tiiat I thiiu;xht thr two jm-al |»nin!«« of Lord Iliin'onrtV 
success tlii^ Sr>^ion, win* ll!i' HU[M'rl»irity in niatrriaU ni:d drhnto which 
ytni rnuM »«i» ailniirahly iiirni>h, ;mhI \ho a«*crs-ion ut* such n corps ns the 
Kail Inis linmirhl ; put Xhr-v out ol the (luo^tion and we what incon- 
clusivi' i'ort nitons dripping Mipplirs a Lord Liintcnnnt was to cxi*i 
upon. It was like ii larp^ jriirriMiii, that without sprinirn or cisterns 
wa< to livr on rain waliT. V<.n have now l»y your conduct nml seal 
jziven ( loverniiH-iit a force and eiier^iy it never had before. I daresay 
from Lord llareonrtV re;;ard to jnstiee I shall find little op{K)rtiinity 
to toueli Upon the d(eidiii<r powers and events of this Se?ision. I find 
the eonH«|Ui'nei' of tho>e I nn ntioued is fully known tind eMiniatnl 
lien*. It will he n»y ntni<»*»t L!i':*iilh'"^i<*ii '""J triumph t^i jsee them 
rowan!* li, as i( i< i.ow nn hapj):iii'!-s t«» He them support inj: firmly niid 
deeidin;; fi>r adini hist rat ion. I am also vtry linppy to hcnr lilaquiori' 
so mueii roiMini'iitled hy all ; hi- i-: a pleasint ami linn man, nnti also 
pretty ahle. A< to flrmMc^*', ulir»t *ihall we say to what passi**! in ctiir 
IIoUM* the. other day upon literary properly. You will have if, I Jar? 
Siiy from heiter hands th.-in mine. After a mo«t ahl«' nnd well-deli verpil 
opinion of ])e (r rev's, Lonl (\imden ojKiied on<* of the most inflr**nioiKi 
uttiick*^ on Li>rd .Slan-tieM's opiiiinu I ever heard, taking, howi-ver, 
I)e (if'-y'-i Judieial '•pi- eh a-j hi«i prineipal ^'round, imd then went into 
all hi^ f:iiry field, naluntl ri^ht, the intellectual re;^on*< tif nnlimited 
superiority, and many da//lln«; metaphors and eonceitM which captirat^ 
the many \v\\n e mnrtt iittend to the ar;:ument; however, very puardedlj 
and d> I'fiitly poi::Ted all the time at Lord Mansfield. After a long 
pause, the whole ILai^e lookiiii; at Lord ManMield. or rather for hiniy 
the Cliniieillor ro>c, and after ^tatin;; liis ar;;iimentM (principally 
hi**t'iriiMl upon t'i>rmer ArN liereup<>:i) he laid hi<i whoh* decision U|iiin 
the iipi'ii'iM iif L"rd .Man-field's Court, and tli«'n diM'Iaiining or ruther, 
in a nion- iu«».lern term, reprohatini; the sentenci* in point of law, he 
prr>po*ii| rever-i!i/ hi- own <lieree. Durin;! all this time I^inl Man«- 
tield >*-e;iii d to all appearanee to lie fuimin;: an Matii»n with his 
eyrhrow^ nnd thnndi^ ; that e\|i|ni]c.l eharacter Lonl I^yttlcton then 
aro*-e to ni iki- a v»-ry |in«*rile >et perforin.mi'i' : after thi-* a |iAU!(e. A 
lii-^hiip flieii read a -p< «'e]i whieh |i:i!t' (he lioii<ie at lea-it thi>u};ht was 
prayers. Lonl Kiliii^di.!!! tln-n mad'- a ^tnin;;t> speech in favour of the 
liln rty oj ihi' pri *-«. up«'Ti i)i.- Puke of ( iIonee<ter*s no«Ming to him 
whieji was a^ riimh to iln- ; nrpo-e, a^ a ISu<-'ian i^renadier*!* dancing 
a hallet in tie- jiper.i ot Ai a\irx«s; ai.d ^till I^>ril Man-^fieM Mlenl ! 
All the Ui»:-M \va« ;i!n.i/e I : • -peei.illy - |]ir twi) Jtnli^i'S in his Court 
liHiI inainta le-il tiii-ir opini ■:;. I v.:!>- not ama/ed, I will not MT whr, 
hut only ihciii^ht tl-al it' tli:- nmi h:i.! leamt To hnvefaeiil hi^jcnemjin the 
Ifoii-i- i.r ('fimiiif;.^ ri*> \<.M Ii:i\>' ijor;!', it wo dil not <«) have ha|i|ienrd. 
(Miatle-. l-'-.\ is lit' a! '»f !.••:■ -■:inip. Hi- defies. corrivt««, and driveii 
Mini^fi r> into mii..; !''.-, i', • rd> i to iipl.oliMiovernnu'nt. He came 
verv (-i\ i!Iv to tin Miiii»t« tV- it. talk ror>li:dlv the alFair oTrr, and 
was di*hii'>-«l a t\A\ iiT tv. - .1*! r\i:ird'>, havin;: previiui<«)y t»«'en foreinofit 
in pniii-liihi: prinTii>. l..i-. '">_' i. -w a pitiMM'Ution n<!aini>t one for 
ahoinii:ufil< im)iiita:i<>i - \\ ^rh lii« Aunt Sarah, and s<>nie cireiiniiitanceii 


of pecuniary clucanery with private property of Miss Pelhain (I mss. ov 
mean specie the rest is of an old coin). He was at Court today i^yJu^^oM. 
determined the King should speak to him, who only asked him if he — 

was out today. I think he might have returned a good answer, which 
he failed — * No, but I was yesterday thanks to your Majesty ' — or 
somewhat like it ; but I observe my two sheets almost filled. I can 
tell you nothing about America as yet. It is generally believed some- 
thing manly must be done. Temple follows the fate of Franklin. 
Wedderburn's was an able dissection. I don't think you could have 
done better yourself. You hear of course our Ministry are very strong, 
and I believe united. The opposition are depressed and despondent, 
except something very unexpected arises. Our Mawbey benumbs us 
on this side, as your Maxwell does on yours ; the only difference is, 
who shall have Sir William Mayne." Lady Towushcnd " ought to be 
full as well satisfied with your pen as with Sir Joshua's pencil." 

1774, March 16. London. — The Same to the Same. 

"We are at this hour pausing upon the weak eftbrts of the mad 
Republican mob at Boston, although those who deserted the existence 
of the British Government, to tamper with so serious an experiment 
as American Independence, hang their heads and repent, and although 
the general sense of this country seems to be awakened at the crisis. 
We are at present forming a blockade of their harbour till they submit, 
possibly it may not be judiciously drawn^ antl Boston may still have 
useful ports, if they don't take care. Judge what the triumph will be, 
should this be the case, however I trust our ministers will be better 
Geographers. The next measure expected is our alteration of the 
Boston Charter, and reducing them to that constitution they have so 
often requestedy which I hope our Ministers know, but all this if well 
executed will not recover what Lord Chatham's declaration, and Lord 
Eockingham's faction abandoned. The blow is given and it needs no 
further contentions here to rend the fabric of the British Empire. 
America has given with our own unnatural sons the first wound. 
Abler and more gallant relations have a right to claim the same 
exemptions and the British Empire is tottering from its very founda- 
tions. I do not know a rational and firm mind that does not judge the 
evil inevitable. We have reports that the Bostonians have sworn two 
of their Judges to relinquish their salaries and that the third rei'uses 
and will be persecuted somehow or other. Apropos to judges" salaries, 
we hear that the Chancellor has figured in a minority with Lord 
Imham and the Duke of Leinster ? I am heartily glad, to hear the 
firmness of your support no less than your abilities, so universally 
acknowle<lged here. Allow me to say that you are just where you 
ought to be, and will, I hope, be where you wish to bo. I hear they 
now begin to complain of Blaquiere's hauteur. We know very well that 
means in other words he is firm." 

1774, May 9. London. — James Benson to John Hely Hutchinson. 
Mentioning that on visiting Ireland he found that the circulation of foreign 
gold coin was stopped, and it was refused at the Custom House, and 
arguing that great inconvenience will be caused by not allowing it to 
circulate by weight, Ireland having no mint, and the exportation of 
guineas from Great Britain being prohibited under heavy penalties. 
The Irish Bill for removal of the Custom House will not be returned 
and the Salmon Fishery Bill will probably share its fate. Col. Blaquiero 
has made many serious enemies by it " who exclaim loudly against this 
flagrant attack on private property merely to try an experiment." Your 


Mfw. OP friend I^)n1 Tuwnshond is in vory Iii^^Ii favour, the succeMsful administni- 
DuNortArMiMcr. ^i'*!' of the prcsirnt Ijonl Linitonant hein^ in great meiLsurc Httrihuted 
** lo his iiianciMivrc.**. The Iiedfonl people are supposiNi to have more 

iniliiciiiv thati ever tliey had, of which tlin very extnif)nl iuary Favouc 
hit fly (h)iie for Mr. Cornwall is a ynnA'. J advise you to ctiine to Lontlou 
intliily it htini^ hi«;hly necessary for the interests of j'our family tlialyoii 
shnuhi hf U'tter acquainted with I^iid North, '* wlio is likely to have 
a Pelha.nitt' IVriotl of the (•overnnient of this Country.** 

1771, July 2. Lnndonderry. — Fiedrriek Hcrvey, ISi^liop of Den;}', 
to John II fly Ilutehinson. Congratnlatin;; him on hi;* np|iointment 
US I'rovfM, *' as of all thr countries I have visited I know of none 
in thf remotest corn(>r of Hnrope that 8 lands m> much in need of a 
liberal ed motion. J ff(d the same satisfaction in our new I'roTOfit, 
ns li keen >p >rt>man <locs at the dawn of day after a long winter 
ni«:ht. The superiority of his tah-nts and the extendi vcness of hi< 
view^, lii-^ pioniiniMK'e in this country, and his zeal, as well as his 
int«rest. to mtvc a eoniniuititv in which he hohls so considerable a 


property, and of whi<'h hf has so lon<; lH*en a principal leader, mupt 
niakf every \hh)*\ i-ii njoict* af s('«*inir his nphere enlarged when hii> 
talents <*(Milil no loii^rcr be >o. It is now about twelve or fourteen 
hundreil years since the youth of all KurojM* h:is Ih'CII entrusted only to 
the care of the pedants and hi;;i>t*i of each nation ; and the retnll \iMs 
heeu what niiifhi naturally he exoected, a total want of us(*ful know- 
led*;<* iind of real reli<;ion. The c(lu(*ali<*n (»f (ireece and iiomc seenu 
to liave iM'en the true foundatiiiii of all those suiHsrior virtues and talents 
which di<itiii<;iii«heil the j^reat men of those countries, hut I ka%*e never 
reail of any of their childri n heini: s^'Ut to the college of Augurs to 
learn the ri;rht*« of citi/etis t»r of mankind. Great hiwyens great 
p'UeraN, and eminent phihisophiM's alluwe<I young men to attend theniy 
and >tiniidate<l the li^in^Tgeneiatinn, a< much hy precept, as hyezampkt 
to eiiiulati* their anee>tors. The sciences were taught hy the philoso- 
phers, an*! tin* plie^ts were liniiti 1I to the temples of their gods, the 
oidy preeinets in whifli our modem ]»rieMs an* ni»t to lie seen. Might 
I veniup' to hint to you one circumstance, which, though mentionod by 
ahnii-i every theoii-t in educatit>n, Imls heen omitted hy nil prnctitioners : 
it i> till* ^tudv ot :i<:ri<*uliure. The countrv cleii;vman who has little to 
<lo, I ml the ennntry gentl«*man who ha*< nothing, would by having early 
prineiple** iif thisi xeellcnt seience instilleil into him, fiml great renonrm 
ill himself, and sup)>ly coii»iderahh' ones to his |)ojr neighbours. The 
pure>t !^'man autlmrs have written on this subject, and some excellent 
Freiieh oTie**, am! the general )»rinciple«iof a^rriculture seem lobeeommon 
t(» all elimai' *•. "li^ a pity likewise that niechaniiid powers are not mocv 
exten.*>i\i ly >tuiltfil thsil our mniitry si pi ires and country clerpy might br 
the lM-tt«i alle t^* the ^m^fi i;:norance of our country fanoen. 
Should yw 1m- al'le to i-^(ahl:^h a point cif this sitI, it would even in 
our tinif. ::d\:ii.''e the eultnre (>f this connirv aftoie a ceiiturv. fur ail 
the inip!«':i.« nt-* of hn^l>;ln•lry ure >o ignttraiitly itm^tructed that ibe 
work<i ft hn^h.indry :ir«' ii.a'le doul>Iy expensixe. liut what hhall I iat 
to you iif the \()iinL; candidnti •* for orders, who after ten years paSKd 
at M'leMil and t'i>nr at tin* I'iiIm-i .-ity, nfTer themselvi> for ordination, 
with :is li[th- knowlnlp- of tin ir )>infe^(iiun, iM if they fXiH*cted a f oU 
i'<in\e\ (•:' it by the inipe-!t:cn of hands. The only country in 
Kuiope tii.'kt ha** n«'t a jt/titir* ultinitit n is His Majesty's doninioDS. 
Ili-ie at tli>' ii;:e <it' twiiity-ni.e :i m.'in ha^ his prot'c-sion to eliooM; anti to 
Ie.i:n \ l.e i*< «'iiMa!l\ til h*r all a:. 'I f« r none. The world is all befbrv 
him uhii>- to t Ihm— .* his wiiy. AbMirnl there are stmtnarirg for joiing 


ecclesiastic?, particular schools, tutors, and balls, for lawyers and VSS. of 
phjsiciaDS, academies for the military and at Padua there is a professor dojSouomobe. 
of botanj and agriculture in whicli he makes annual experiments of — 

varions manures, and different sorts of tillage. The parochial clergy 
abroad, notwithstanding they have no competitors, nor any spurs from 
a dissenting ministry, are great adepts in all the speculative and 
technical parts of their profession but here there are many candidates 
for orders who scarce understand, and many who sign the articles, and 
subscribe our Canons, without understanding the one, or having ever 
read the other. But I hope for better times." 

1774, July 9. Portman Square. — Lord Townshend to John Hely 
Hutchinson. Congratulating him on his being appointed Provost of 
Trinity College. 

1774. — John Hely Hutchinson to [the Archbishop of Armagh (?)]. 
"His Majesty's letter appointing me Provost of Trinity College came 
over yesterday ... it is my determined purpose to make the duty 
of that ai'duous and important place the principal object of my life." 
Excusing himself for having become a candidate in succebsion to the 
late Provost for the treasurership of Erasmus Smith's Schools in 
ignorance that his correspondent had said he would accept it. {Draft,) 

1774, November 10. — Sir John Blaquiere to John Hely Hutchinson. 
" What would you have from a man who is following business at the 
cart's tail, or, who to avoid it made a journey upon the gallop of at 
least 1,500 miles pottr se tranquilliser and to vegetate upon goats' 
whey and innocence in the mountains of Switzerland. ... I cannot 
have a donbt about your proceedings in the College, or the advantages 
that establishment must derive from your laboui*s. . . . Let me tell 
you your Excellency's ! appointment was not cordially represented here. 
The Church meek and humble as we know it were alarmed for the 
morals as well as the piety of the rising generation." 

1775, January 20. Westminster. — Edmund Burke to John Hely 

"I received the printed paper relative to your conduct as provost, 
sent, I flatter myself, by your directions. I am extremely obliged to 
yon for this froph mark of your friendly and polite attention, though 
perhaps nobody wanted it, in this instance, less than I did. I hope I 
do not too easily give credit to any sort of charge against those who 
honour me with their friendship. I must have strong proofs indeed, 
before I condemn them, and as I am not called upon to be their Judge, 
much less their prosecutor, I do not search for that kind of evidence 
with any industry, or listen to it with any pleasure. You have given 
lustre to every situation where you were placed, and I make no doubt, 
that you would distinguish yourself in that of Provost, by very signal 
services to the University. I consider the pamphlet I received, not as 
.1 vindication of your conduct, which I am sure, with me, it did not 
want, but as the means of enabling me to enter into the detail of what I 
had presumed before, in the general idea I had formed of your conduct, 
from my knowledge of your character. Indeed, I never entertained the 
least doubt that you would seek and find reputation everywhere. But 
when you had chosen academic ground, I was greatly apprehensive that 
your choice would produce far more benefit to the education of youth, 
than repose and tranquility to your own mind. It seemed to me im- 
possible, that the animosities and emulation which must ever attend the 
great and conspicuous part you have acted in public life, should not 


MSS. -T fitllow vini iiit) vimr liMiiu'I ntn-at wlicn* tln-y would bo inon* |i-t- 
iiJ'ion'.inl.-j!!-. in«*»iiiMtIy I'l It, and wnn|,I <.f cniir-ic ;;ivMtly Ji-nnii-'t ii iiiaii of your tori'Ier 
— ami «*x«niir-il«' >«Mjsihiliiy. Nnin* nl* your IVii'iHU wi.-hod you with more 

-iiHviity rvt'iy tthjrct v/hii-li couM iMnitrilnih' to ytmr owti nal .-atisfar- 
lioti. Itiit 1 rniilil Uf^t pivvail on niys«'lf' to wish you joy of your choice 
itf tlii*^ ni'w \v:w of litr. Tlinii;;!! liii'liiv ]i()iiounil)li' in itself, I rould 
not i'imihIiIit it n^ i>riiiii(itii>M to vt)u, and most rcrtainlv 1 couM not con- 
'M'atulatr voii mi wliat I kn<-w niii>t infalliMv brin;; on vou, hs it I1&4 
duni', iinx'li anxiety ami nma^iiit'ss. I liad always thou<;lit thai thij 
nfliri' is }m n| -^iiitnl Ut a man (if tiic ('cclisiastical ^own, and a merv 
aiadiinic. I am imt aldii'd in my opiniiin i»y tlur pivriont fxci-pttiinf 
t<ii' fVi-ry lawnan, and rM-ry man of Im^iincss is nut nn IIulchinM>D. 
IlnWfVrr -inc'i' yon air in tliai walk, I >inci'n'ly rt'cnminrnd yuii to 
procftd in yonr o\vn;;i«>at line of pnltlic >i'r\ ire witli Irss anxioty nliout 
vui''ur iud«;mrni^, and do not l>r ashamed to cultiviitt? voursidf I'hilo- 
.•f<i)»liy within thoM* walls \ihci'f yon aro t(» teach it to others, ae^ 
nvtjhrttim puvris st nihil sfjur nnvthit. Yesterday we hud a gix*al dehile 
in thf IIoum' of Lonls. Lonl Chatham made a motion for recalling the 
tro'ip-i fiom ltii>ti>n. It was dune witiuMit concert to ourfricndt>; aod 
Ltird (.'iiathamV frit in Is nnv without anv eoncrrt wliutMH'ver. 'Hie 

m m 

minority wa> only ii;;ht(-<n. a< no nit-a^uri'd hud hccn taken for au 
attend inn*, 'iiie wnr>t elnum-tanre in the delate wa** L'.-rd Su!l'ol*'s 
ihi'Iaration tliat Mini'^try had dit* rmined apiin*<t conciliation in tlic 
jin »ent ."tate ofthinL'-*, and lor maintaining^ the hite Act of Parliann-nl 
with leu'ard to the Cnlonie-i. Piihap^ it is some, to us unknown, hut 
Certain Information wliieh inspires the Ministry with it:} pn^seut rnn- 
lideuc'- afirr ro many disappfinimunt-'.^' 

177.', tlaniiary 2.j. IVirtman Square. — Lord Townshond to Jt»lui 
Helv Iluti'hinson. 

" IIa\li:^ \\\\< dav ri.eeivrd fri»:n mv friend L'^s nn account uf rour 
ilnel wiili Mr. I)<'yle or I)oyne, J eanni»t hi-Ip <*on;rratuhiting you and 
yunr family npiii tliat matter and heartily wi<h it may prevent mir 
further Miii'-ituile on \nnr oar! for M»iir son and of the worthT Mri> 
III tehin-cn f'<r iier wholi- i'.iniilv. I hml iii'lced heard of thisaffiiirbefjrr 
fnim ili^ M-iji-'y, who <|»okr uf it tn m-' immediately upon my rtunirJ! 
into lii.<^ i']«i-it wiih ih::i -urpri^e in.d ewneern which wiLs natural t<< 
>o ilii^Tiifn-d and humaiii* a mind, at •»ue!i treatment. A transaction, 
iM-twet-n a maii • t your rank. r-tiina;ii>i:, and time id' life, and !«urh * 

eharacii-r a^ Mr. I f^rL'' t \\\< nanii* ami have not a F'rfema*' 

Jtni/'itnl hy me — I siy iliat even in i!i«» (*iiiiiitry of patriotic chi^ilry 
\\\\^ traii^.h-tion mijnt app« ar '•M7r::L;i-'<';>, at h-a^-t I luu Mire it t*an be 
looked np<in hy u** m.m iii-ie than as a d«--pt-rite attempt to support tfa^ 
iiiiot >h:imeli ■>« nn ilit- i.iii- part, ami a ;;<-neriius aniicipati*iii (^ 
:i MMi*** pi r«<iii.d h.'w'.-tiil nn tli" i>ihi -r. Whi'-e eau^c was the iM'it, rea*^ 
anil nature will ik'termii.e. Mankiihl heir liavin;; liecn pri'tty v^^^ 
inl'iirnu'd i*\ ihe i;ro.-^ne^^ ol'tlir ahu^** which hath U'cn directcti agaio^ 
yon. ami tli<- sii nation 1 f y>.iir >on, :ind moreover fM^ing pi\'ltv veU 
ap{>ii/(.d till! ant'Uii:^! «»;h. r <[n;ditieai:'>n!« for pahlic station, the gladi*' 
ti-ri:tl i^ tim- «>•' ihi- ns' <>( i'--> ntial in ynnve untry.are brought lobelifW 
tliat Mr. II — n ha* nii-t a Mi. 1» — . I oh-i-rve some cfTortii of oppo«i- 
tii<n at ('"ik I heartily \\\A\ \\\"\ iniiy he a- I supiKiSt* with UJ 
iuhi tioii u!ih v,\\ iii<nil I.omI Shanimn inetl'ei-tnal nntl frivolou!>. h 
;;lvi-.-> ni< u'>e .t -.i!i*tai-t:>>n. n'ly tin* w.irm<">t imn;;inahli% to sei* hi* lonl- 
•-hip :ii 1 !i.- iii< i!'!- *<> pifpi r!; aM'-ndi-.l !•• hy (iovernnient. A flnnit»I 
intilliu'i-'h- ti'> :i-i i'* alwa« - :i •rr'-:ir aeniii^irion tn (MiveniinenL If' ^ 
rertaiii!^^ •>i<' • ! th<- iiy<»t ]> iwi ri'iil inti-r* <»t«, hoth in |M>int of nuiDbi*r and 


•ndact, that the Crov^n can attach in either Kingdom ; much strength mss. ov 

id stability to Government may be dated from that period and at this, Do^oimmJoBE 

pecially, when one of the most important questions is contended for, * — 

at perhaps ever engaged these realms since the Revolution and 

anover Succession. It is such as has made me more than once, 

pecially when I have heard the pitiful orators in the House of Com- 

ons, and indeed our own, wish I could import your talents into either, 

►r indeed we want such orators at this important crisis, as can mix 

rand reason with florid composition, and constitutional Law with 

leoretical embellishments. In short we have the law of nature and of 

rod set up against the compact by Charters, the letter of the constitu- 

on and the precedents of all former times, and a powerful orator has 

more to do than to assume the part of a powerful lover. Rhapsody, 

rofessions, attitude, extravagance, without plan, contract, title-deeds, or 

ommon sense, consistency or good faith, all is to yield to the beautiful 

nthusiasm or rather delirium he raises. Let me assure however, that, 

n spite of these new political lights or new livers, we have, unless I am 

nuch mistaken, a sturdy administration who will not ejisily resign the 

^ential constitutional superintendence of the British nation to those 

who so insolently expect it. The Americans may be reduced to adhere 

to their own resolves, as well as our restrictive laws in their trade, and 

the uproar they expect they have raised here equally the same. If we 

do part with our trade, let Ireland have it first, they best deserve it. 

And though we get the better, much may be done for you." 

1775, May 22. — ThomasWilson to John Hely Hutchinson. Describing 
the MSS. of the late Bishop Morris bequeathed to the College Library 
by the late Doctor Lawson, consisting of nine volumes quarto, one con- 
taining a comedy entitled The Flatterer and two others two copies ot 
l^avidy a Tragedy. In the remaining six the entire Iliad and Odyssey 
U'e done into English. 

1775, September 1. — General Vallancey to John Hely Hutchinson. 

** The great number of youths who enter the army in this kingdom 
^d proceed on service before they have time or opportunity to qualify 
themselves for the military profession has long caused it to be wished 
^hat a proper military Academy was established in this Metropolis. 
You are daily taking steps to qualify the Students of this University for 
the various walks of life they are to pursue after having finished their 
classical studies. As many of these young men enter the military service 
*t, appears to me desirable that some establishment was made in the 
University for the study of the military profession." Pointing out 
the natural advantages of Dublin for such a purpose, and offering his 
services if the Provost approves of his propo.sal. 

1775, September 6. Knocklofty. — John Hely Hutchinson to Hon. 
John Ponsonby. 

"I would have supported you in the chair to the utmost of my power 
^inst all mankind, but upon your leaving it I was the first man who 
'Commended Mr. Pery one of my oldest friends and nearest neighbours 
^ a proper person to be Speaker. That circumstance, his conduct since 
^iis appointment and my declarations of good will for him since that time 
ind long before I had any idea of your wishing for the chair again do 
lot leave me at liberty to assist you in opposition to him.** {Draft), 

1175, September 29. Eton. — Mrs. Davies to Mre. Hutchinson upon 
he Budden removal of her son Francis from the school. Dr. Dayien 
^opes that the Provost did not find his son on examination as much 


Mss. or noslorted at* lie susiwcfctl. Ilis" suiliU'ii and iinpxpc«:tOfl dcpmrtuR 


l>o!vor('iiisinRK. prcvt'iitiMl aijy nlmsf or nes:loct Iwin;^ n